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El Paso herald. (El Paso, Tex.) 1901-1931, September 27, 1919, HOME EDITION, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88084272/1919-09-27/ed-1/seq-1/

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HOME EDITION
WEATHE2 FORECAST.
El Paso and west Texas, partly dandy, followed b?
unsettled weather and aaoweis; New Mexico, showers,
colder in east; Amena, skewer?
LATEST NEWS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
SINGLE COPT. FIVE CENTS
EL PASO. TEXAS. SATURDAY EVENING. SEPTEMBER 27. I9I9.
DELIVERED ANTWHEKE. 7e MONTH
36 PAGES. 4 SECTIONS. TODATc
FIES
H CLAIM TO SHIP
TODAY'S PRICES
Mexican bank notes, state bills, 630c; pesos, old,
34c; new, 45c; Mexican gold, 50c; nacionales, 30c;
bar silver, H. c H. quotation, $1.18; copper, 22J424c;
grains, unsettled; livestock, strong; stocks, higher.
D
ALARMIST
PICTURE CI
MMINENT
Approximately 1,000,000
lsiacuon urows isverywnere; Generals Credited with
Militarist Plot To Seize Government; Some Men
tioned as Being in League With d'Armunzio.
ROME. Italy, Sept. 27. Alarmist re
ports are current in this city.
cue of them being1 that a civil war
is imminent. On one side would be
ranged the nationalist and militarist
fu tions, which would be opposed by
the Socialists. Several generals are
redited with the intention of head
ing the militarist faction with a view
to controlmg- the government, it be
i:.g naid that they believe the weak-zl'-s
tf those in power since the,
.irmisuce caused the present dead-!
,-k sume of these generals have al-i
i dy been mentioned as beim? In
.-"Eue with Capt. Gabriele d'Annunzio
uure tne f iume raid, with the ob-I-1
t of overthrowing by force the
Nrti cabinet and replacing It with a
l imitary dictatorship
Navy Dissatisfied. Too.
The navy is represented as being
fen more dissatisfied than the army.
naung, accoraing to naval officers'
r-tatements, suffered more from "the
la- ii of consideration or their Anglo-
' rnch colleagues, who have acted as
'f they were masters of the Adriatic
d.ria have favored the Jugo-Siav
i. iaims-
t'oreign minister Tittonl is said to
have expressed the belief that the
nrst thing to be done in the present
cer.ous situation was for the cabinet
'o resign, thus eliminating one rea-
n for discord. It is said his inten
t on was the formation of a national
iLtnet including all the leaders of
: he chief political parties which
v.ould give the government the great
est power nnder the circumstances.
Premier Nitti, instead, considered that
rne resignation of the cabinet would
W an admission either of culpability
Briton Germans Hate Most Comes
As New Ambassador At Washington
A TEW TORE. Sept. 27. Viscount Ed-
111 w;
vard Grey arrived here late Fri
day, coming to assume his new post
as British ambassador to the United
States.
Viscount Edward Grey, farmer min
'r-ter for foreign affairs, one of the
no st conspicuous figures in British
pjblie life, is known chiefly by the
-1 plomatic efforts he made to avert
the world war and by the fact that,
v en he failed, and the conflict be-
-me inevitable, he insisted Great
Britain could not with honor remain
odt of it
Authority on Fishing.
Viscount Grey of Fallodon, a title to
wMch he was elevated in 1916. was
bom April 25, 182, the son of Capt.
'."orge Grey, "a Grey of Northumber
1? nti," from whose father he inher
ed a baronetcy. Before the war he
as known as an aristocratic Droo
. rat. a "silent pilot of British diplo
macy," and the greatest living author
in on fly-casting. Gladstone said of
rum in his early da) s in the bouse of
rommons: "I never knew In a man
uch aptitude for political life and
ich disinclination for it." Viscount
r- according to the British "Who's
V. " is the author of only one book,
i- s entitled "Fly Fishing." When
Theodore Roosevelt visited the vls
munt, instead of talking world poll
t ics, they went on a foot -journey
hrough rural England to study Eng
."h bird life, on which viscount Grey
an authority.
Is Not a Lawyer.
The career of the man who. of all
ntht-r Britons, It has been said, was
most cordially hated by the Germans
e ca use he unceas 1 n gl y ad voca ted
Kngland's entrance into the war for
the preservation of the neutrality of
Helgrium, was quite unlike that of al
most every other man in British pub
l.c life. He is not a lawyer. In fact,
ihn he became under secretary of
Mate for foreign affairs In 1892, he
a as chairman of the board of direc
tors of the Northeastern railway.
Viscount Grey is noted as a force
ful speaker. He is an Englishman of
Knclishmen, it is said, "cold, reserved
and correct in speech and deport
irent" His speeches as a member of
parliament were mainly plain, simple
.-atements of fact, vigorously put
without any attempt on his part to be
1 istrionlc or eloquent.
Famed As Diplomatist.
When wscount Grey became British
'o'-eign minister 14 years ago he
-ought to strengthen the ties of
- nendship between his country and .
trier governments. The Anglo
French entente cordiale and the An-lo-Russian
entente, which was
rouRnt about in 1907, were regard
ed as the cornerstone of his foreign
and together they paved tbe
i'. for entente alliance in the greai
uar In 1911 he supported president
i aft's arbitration proposals and five
ars before, at the Algeclnas confer
ence over Morocco, he turned the
.als toward French predominance in
icrthwest Africa. All of these ef- ,
'urts, tt has oeen said, were taken in
it-w of the growing aggressiveness
Herald ToBe Taken By Airplane Into
The Pecos Valley On Monday Next
A IRPLANE service between EI Paso all
t and tbe Pecos valley will begin
next Tuesday when the first flight,
carrying The El Paso Herald, will
be made from this city.
The plane a Bristol 200 h. p. ma
chine has arrived and will make its
f rst fUsht over El Paso on Sunday,
f present arrangements are carried
1UL
Tne machine has been purchased by
the Southwestern Aenai Lines 'o . of
which W. H. Smith, late captain the
xrznv flincr corps. Is manager, and
T F DeViller is assistant manager.
The plan extending the service to
IN
Workmen On Strike; Dissat-
or weakness; which would make the
situation worse. He added that he
would step down If anyone could sug
gest a man better fitted to cope with
the crisis.
l'o Glimmer of Solution
Sign or Vittoni was obliged to con
fess during a conversation with the
king, it is reported, that he did not
see any other Dolltlcian ha vine the
statesmanlike qualities and force pos
sessed by signor Nitti. Thus the idea
of a resignation of tbe cabinet was
abandoned, but there is no orosDect
yet of an amelioration of the gravity
ox tne situation, nor is taere a distant
glimmer of a solution of the Adriatic
problem.
Workmen numbering approxi
mately 1.000,000 are on strike and
dissatisfaction Is growing every
where at the constantly Increas
ing cost of living. It Is Impos
sible for tbe government 1o call
any men to the colors, especially
after having recently pardoned all
deserters under the proclamation
of amnesty.
Strenuous efforts are being made
Dy oxnciai socialists to rea.cn an an
derstanding between the workmen
and soldiers. They are urging the
latter to refuse to obey either their
officers or the government and they
tnus nors to organize m ttaiy worK-
men's and soldiers' committees, which
woum leaa to tne iormatlon or Soviets
and an upheaval of the whole social
order.
Denies Wilson Made Threat.
Rome. Italy. Sept. 27. (By the As
sociated Press). The Stefan 1 agency,
the semiofficial Italian news agency,
denies that president WGson has de
manded the expulsion of Gabriele
d'Annunzio from Fiume, or threatened
an economic blockade of Italy.
of Germany and have added to Sir
Edward's fame as a farsighted diplo
matist, Eyestcht lias Failed.
Owing to his poor eyesight, the new
ambassador indicated, his mission to
tbis- country would be "eoraparsmvelj
short.-
Upon his arrival yesterday viscount
Grey said he had not come to pat for
ward any new proposals for treaties
and alliances but that his object in
accepting the post was to promote the
existing good will between American
and British peoples as far as be has
the strength or opportunity.
Viscount Grey and bis party of nine
members left for Washington at 10:30
a. zn. today.
VISCOUNT KATO DEFENDS
JAP RIGHTS IN SHANTUNG
Toklo. Japan. Sept. 27. (By the As
sociated Press). Speaking at Na
coya. viscount Kato, former minister
for foreign affairs and tbe roan gen
erally considered responsible for the
treaty in 11S with China, declared
Japan wonld never consent to aban
don her preferential rights in Man
churia and Mongolia. Visconnt Kato.
who is leader ef tbe opposition party,
said his organization also believed
Japan's rights in Shantung were based
on treaties and agreements which
shonld be excluded from the proposed
consortium, in which the United
States, Great Britain, France and Ja
pan would participate.
Visconnt Kato attacked visconnt
Uchida, foreign minister, for agree
ing to substitute an international for
an exclusive Japanese settlement of
the Shantung question, charging that
the foreign minister's concession in
this respect was made in response
to "pressure from president WO son."
SHEPPARD BILL WOULD MAKE
ROADS LIABLE FOR DAMAGES
Washington. X. C Feb. 11. A bill
introduced by senator Morris Shep
pard would permit suit being brought
against telephone, telegraph, radio
and cable companies for claims and
damages during the time they have
been under federal control. Under
present laws such companies cannot
be sued lor aamages incarrea wuua
they were under charges of the gov
ernment. Gets Sixteen Orders
From One Little Ad.
A FARMER down the valley put
a little want ad In The Her
ald the other day saying be had
plenty of large tomatoes for sale
at 4 cents a pound. He asked the
county farm bureau to act as a
distributing agency for him. With
in two days 16 persons had placed
orders for JM worth. Bad weather
delayed delivery.
parts of the southwest by the
Iaaatuon ox new routes ana more ma
chines as the business develops. The
flight Is to be one of preparation and
reconnoiaance. Ralnh G. Vaughn.
former lieutenant in the American
army fourth pursuit group near Tout.
France, will be at the wheel of the
machine when the first flight is made
and he will carry a passenger, a
bundle of Heralds and greetings from
El Pasoans to merchants In the Pecos
valley.
Capt. Smith had service in the TJ. S.
arrry flying corps in France and De
Viller has been flying since ltt. He
received the ninth flying license ever
Issued in France and is a member of
the Aerial Clnb of America.
ITALY
ureiy follows Continued Miscarriage
I11B NOSE
OF U.S. FIDS
IS CHARGED
Way Money Was Squan
dered by Army Will Star
tle Nation, Says Bland.
"PRISONCRUELTY
WAS REVOLTING"
Congressional Probers Bac
From Europe; CoL
Grinslead Blamed.
NEW YORK, Sept. 27. With the re
turn last night of the congressional
committee sent overseas to investi
gate tales of army "prison horrors,"
representative Oscar E. Bland, of In
diana, who, with representatives Royal
C Johnson, South Dakota, chairman.
and Henry D. Flood, Virginia, com
posed the committee, said three facts
stood ont. a a follows:
Outstanding Facts. fiPiI session to consider the reply
-First That the most horrible andof R G- Grace president of the Beth
revoltinc .niPltv -rlAtd I Iehem steeI company, to the union's
revolting cruelty eXJSieo, J demon for a MnfAmnM Mr HniM
"Second That the higher officers,
responsible have not been made
to
atone for these wrongs.
Third That no reasonable excuse
for the same has been offered by the
war aepartment.
"It is clearly up to them "
Representative Bland also said
that at the present time there
were cases In France of mlanse of
American government funds which
would startle the nation If glien
publicity. He cited 'the vinegar
case as a sample of spending
government fnnds for the pur
chase of S) 00,003 en I Ions of vine
gar and later revoking the order
at great loss.
"Another similar case, known a
the 'compass ease.' " he said. where
a purchasing agent bought thousands
of compasses fon which there was no
use."
At present in France, armv officers
who acted as purchasing agents for
tne government are beintr tried and
punished and many of them will go
to orison, according to Mr. Bland.
who jteUred Use facts of the cm
will oViPsjot or the papers and be
nraoea up qaiCKV.
IT. Pronrrtv Kmr-rkticA
We are bringing with 41s a copy of
the blanket acreeeaeat in which
n.7M,0O,M0 worth of United States
government property was sold for
J400.000.0O0.- Mr. Bland added. There
was 5500.000,000 worth of textiles and
food alone in this sale and a good
part of it is as good as new."
Sir. Flood, regarded by the other
members m the minority mem
ber, said that It was his opinion
that the vast sums of money ex
pended by the government for the
A. li. V. Tfere Terr well snent.
Conditions in army prison camps
were round "very bad," with special
emphasis laid on prison camp No. 2,
near Paris, the committee stated.
-Conditions were appalling," repre
sentative Bland said.
"Nothing like this treatment of our
men had ever been known before in
the history of the American army.
We have copies of records, reports
and teitimony of Inspectors and court
martial officers, so as to be enabled
to definitely fix responsibility "
Blames Grins tend and Strong.
Representative Bland held that CoL
Grinstead and Gen. Strong were di
rectly responsible for the "unpreee-,
dented cruelties" at orison farm So.
2 and that if Gen. Strong, who was
over Col. Grinstead. did not know ol
conditions, he should have.
He said that Gen. Hartx for months
was in the same buildings at 10 Hue
fct. Anne, where thousands of out
rages were committed. Lack of food.
heat and air, and sanitary conditions
were before his eyes, and the reports
snowing tnese conditions were on file
in his office, said Mr. Bland. He said
that Gen. Hartx was the military
guardian of the nresident and "no
man In the judge advocate gen" raj's
or provost marshal's department had
tne boldness to recommend his trial
before a eourtmartial or efficiency
board."
Mauna Loa Volcano, In
Hawaii, Erupting Again
Honolulu, T. H, Sept. 27. Mauna
ioa volcano, on Hilo island, burst
into eruption today at nearly the
same spot as the eruption In HIS.
Two rising columns of lava, or In
candescent gases, are visible from
the observatory, which is located at
a four foot level. The volcano Is lo
cated on the summit of Mount Loa. a
11,000 foot peak.
JOHN D. GIVES $20,000,000
FOR MEDICAL EDUCATION
New York, Sept 27. A gift of 2.
000,000 from Jolin D. Rockefeller for
tbe improvement of medical educa
tion tn the United States was an
nounced Friday by the general educa
tion board.
The official announcement of the
gift says that the income of the S20,
000.000 Is to be currently used and
the entire principal is to be dis
tributed within SO years.
Headliners In
Today's Theaters
ALIIAMBRA
"Where Bonds Are Loosed."
BIJOU
"Broken Commandments,"
Gladys Bjockwell.
GLI.ANAY
"Upstairs." Mabel Normand.
GRBCIAN
"Fatty at the Beach," Fatty
Arhuckle.
niAivro
"The Miracle Man."
IIXKIBB
"Satan Junior," Viola Dana.
WIGWAM
"A Desert Hero."
Labor Leaders Act To Check Expected Return Of Men
To Other Mills Monday, When Companies Plan To
Resume On Large Scale; Ohio Works To Reopen;
Men Canvassed; Chicago Strikers Return.
PITTSBURG, Fa, Sept. 27. The na
tional committee for organizing
iron and steel workers at a meeting
here today ordered a general strike
In the plants of the Bethlehem Steel
company to become effective next
Monday morning at 6 oelock.
Secretary 'William Z. Foster, of
the committee in announcing
the strike, said that between
40,000 and 59,000 men were ex
pected to be affected. He as
serted the Bethlehem plants were
among the best organized in the
country.
1 The committee with John Fl tr pat
1
f nca.
ch airman, present, met in
jn 13 reply said that he would not
grant a conference to tne union ana
that he would not abandon the pres
ent system of collective bargaining
with employes, which was adopted
by the committee during the war.
Some to lies tune Monday.
From virtually every part of the
Pittsburg district came reports today
of preparations by steel companies to
resume operations on Monday on a
iMgei acaie liulu on any uuy oi lae
nrst week 01 tne steel workers strike.
Few changes In the situation were
reported and from many towns came
the announcement, "Wait till Mon
day." The strike leaders ore thor
oughly alive to the situation and
for several days hae been mak
ias arrangements not only to
check n possible movement Into
the mills but to further cripple
or entirely shut down plants that
are still In operation.
Having been given assurance by
the sheriff of Allegheny that indoor
mass meetinirs. where thev are Her
mit ted by local authorities, will have
in oixxerent part, of the county.
Carnegie Steel company offknals
aid today they were going along
puuy wira increased xorce in
tne plants the company is operating.
Strike Committee Meets.
The national strike committee
went Into session here in the fore
noon for the purpose of taking up the
question of tbe strike against the
Bethlehem Steel company and other
matters pertaining to the general
situation.
W. B. Rubin. New York, general
counsel for the striking steel work
ers, arrived here today to take up the
union's fight for free speech and
free assemblage He opened the
fight a few minutes after arriving
at union headquarters, when word
was received from Monessen, Pa that
the sheriff of West Moreland had or
dered the closing of tbe organizer's
office at that place.
The strikers' committee was or-1
. , . . " vm-r it iiu loin i
the sheriff that it would remain open '
muted by local authorities, will have tempt to' settle the atalslrika7
protection, organisers planned t haUHreJpea the aOWwtoftwt
a Urge number of these gatherings I tuTT. VfcsTEi 2. '""
fiillSH 1LIIEI CO OUT
BODY ID TOP
Lloyd George Declares Strike
i-cj. uuuuiiiuua, xuo xingmeerea Jjy -ew To Exploit
Unions For Subversive Ends; Government Has
Advantage in Struggle; May Use Armed Force.
LONDON. Eng.. Sept. 17. "The pre
cipitancy of this occasion gives
the impression of a deliberate and
matured Intention on the part of some
individuals to seek a quarrel at any
cost." said premier Lloyd George in a
statement 'today on the nation wide
railway strike.
"It has convinced me It Is not a
strike for wages or better condi
tions," continued the premier. "The
government have reason to believe it
has been engineered for some thae by
a small but active body of men who
have wrought tirelessly and insidi
ously to exploit the labor organisa
tions of this country for subversive
ends."
So far as conld be learned at
10 ocloek this morning, the mem
bers of the Notional Union of .
Itatlrrnymen had walked out In a
fody and the .toppage of ser
vice was complete. Telephonic
nnd telegraphic reports to tbe ex
ecutive committee of the Union
from diKtnnt centers show that lo
cal branches are supporting the
committee, action.
C. T. Cramp, president of the union,
interviewed Sir Eric Geddes, minister
of transport, this afternoon. This al
though not regarded as a reopening
of negotiations, is considered an indi
cation that the men and the govern
ment still maintain friendly terms to
ward each other.
Mnr Summon Parliament.
The rallvaymen's strike is of a dif
ferent nature from ordinary labor
disturbances because the railways
and the mines are under government
management. Therefore, there Is no
question of the government maintain
ing neutrality between employers and
workmen. The responsibility rests
for the moment on the cabinet, but
parliament may be summoned to sup
port the ministry in its task.
Heretofore the government has been
blamed by a large section of the press
for the country's after-war troubles,
but nearlv all the newspapers now
have dropped partisanship and are
supporting the authorities. The gen
eral opinion expressed Is that the la
bor leaders are trying to use the
strike weapon to enforce their cam
Interest Centered
On Ohio Strikers'
Threatened March
ST EUB ENTILLE, O, Sept. 17.
The steel strike in the local
district was in a state of qnletness
today with the mills here and at
Mingo closed and Interest centered
on the threatened march of Steu
benville and Mingo strikers to
Weirton, W. Va next Monday aft
ernoon, if the Weirton Steel com
pany's plant there was still in
operation.
Secretary Frank Wilson, ad
dressing a mass meeting for Weir
ton workmen who had failed to
come out at the call last Monday,
stated emphatically that such a
parade wonld be, held; that the
men on the Ohio side of the river
were determined and, would march
to Weirton 5049 to SWfeirong and
that he could net prevent them
from going.
:u long a the "steal trust" keep
their offices open. Mr. Rabin said.
Ohio Mill May Itcopen.
Toungstown. Ohio. Sept. 27. Fol
lowing a canvass of employes as thev
received their pay today, officials of
the Ohio work? of the Carnegie Steel
company here announced that an at
tempt will be nude on Monday to
reopen tbe mHL The announcement
marks the first effort at resumption
in th Manning valley since the steel
strike caused all Its plant, to dose.
Employes of the plate department
of the Brier Hill Steel company, hav
ing voted against going back to work
ana inese el we oien
hearth and
rolIlnsT mills denarimeitta of the Ohio
3" of .ta. Carael Steel company lecture, that he used himself up com
.n StJfiSL.'0 T0i?. on i?e vUlrlr each day. It was In 1S0C that
?,'. Jl "1own toJ was he suffered a nervous. breakdown and
uuw.uu hki move in tne at-
who are Idle In fkh district.
.iaim uctnrn vole Falls.
Halm men 4y yesterdays efforts
to obtain an expression from the
man on the question of returnlsg to
work were moves mad. by the com.
Sales and t bat. they were a complete
Hare. The eoenkanies contend they
had no connection wlh the meetings
and assert that they were voluntary
efforts on the part of the men them
selves to settle the strike.
Employes of the Ohio works who
new a meeting last night, voted. 82
to 29, to return to work "when the
proper time presents itself." accord
ing to a statement given out after
the meeting. A committee was ap
pointed, the statement said, to in-
uuce raiiroau men in the mill yards
l jom me movement to return.
Chicago District Plants nun.
Chicago. 111., Sept. 27. There was
no material cnange m the steel strike
situation In the Chicago district to
day. No serious disorder was re-
(Contlnned on page X column 3.)
IS COMPLETE
Is Not For Wages or Bet-
paign for the nationalisation of the
railways and mines. The labor in
terests, on the other hand, declare
their only purpose is to secure a firm
agreement for wages adequate to the
Increased -ost of living under better
living conditions.
Government Has Advantage.
The government in the struggle
has the advantage of its war service
equipment, which places great fleets
or motor ears and the machinery of
tbe food organization in its hands.
The decision or tbe underground
motormen's anion last night to sap
port the National Union of Railway
men's strike caused a complete tleup
of the railways here today.
The Associated Press learns author
itatively that the government takes
the view that the railroad strike must
be fought with every facility at its
command, even to the employment of
armed forces. If necessary. The war
office announced that it would be
necessary to suspend demobilization
of the army and cancel all leaves of
absence.
The food controler Issued an order
virtually reviving the war measures
regarding food, namely by prohibit
ing hoarding beyond one week's sup
ply, ana applying tne rationing or
to pumic eaung nouses.
STRIKE OF 400,000 SHIP
YARD .WORKERS THREATENED
Washington. D. C. Sept. 27. A
strike of 200.000 shipyard employes
on the Pacific coast is certain unless
the naT deoartment and shtDDina
board revoke their Joint order pro
hibiting wage inc. eases after October
1, according to James O'Connell, pres
ident of the metal trades deD&rtn.ni:
of the American Federation of Labor, conferences with individual senators.
An equal number of workers on the his physician would probably have
Atlantic coast will ioln in the strike i held him in Washington, as he was
unless the order Is changed. 0Con- beginning then to show signs of a
nell added. Union representatives (collapse.
will meet Monday to decide on action. ; But the president's recuperative
h,iIK)weT3 have on more than one occa-
"The proved circulation of
The El Vana Herald Is nearly
twice that of any other El O
I'aso paper."
o-o-o oo oo
ILL HEALTH BARS
WILSON FROM
Tipi
Nervous Collapse Is Severe;
Must Have Much Rest
And Quiet.
THIS BREAKDOWN
NOT HIS FIRST
Cough, Indigestion, Nervous
Twilchings, Symptoms
Of His Ailment.
Dy DAVID LAWUE.VCE.
ENS
ROUTE to Washington. D. C,
Sept. 27. President Wilson will
not be back st work for a consider
able length of time. Nobody- aboard
the president's special can predict
with accuracy Just how long. All en
gagements have been canceled.
The Uns and queen of Belgium
and other distinguished visitors
ttIU tour the country first and
rail on the president- after their
travels. The industrial confer
ence scheduled for October C will
be held at the nhlte house but
president Wilson In all probabil
ity will not be permitted by his
physicians to attend.
In fact, the president may be re
moved from Washington to some
quiet health resort for the next few
weeks.
The president's nervous breakdown
is perhaps the moat serious illness he
has ever had and comes upon him at
a time when he has spent almost all
his reserve strength. He will be CI
years old next December and during
the last ten years an inconceivable
strain has been superimposed upon
other years of ailing so that his close
friends have marveled at his endur
ance thus far.
Broke Down in Princeton.
Woodrow Wilson was never a ro
bust Individual. Be worked indefa
tlgably as college orofessor and fre
quently put so much energy Into his
was iv.i f .,-
of Princeton nnlversdrv.
He traveled In Surope and came back
to Princeton refreshed. He soon was
engrossed, however. In the nittenst
fight of his career the graduate
school controversy at Princeton and
was compelled again to interrupt his
lectures and take a vacation, this
time at Bermuda.
Mr. Wilson suffered from neu
ritis in his arms and hands, due
very largely to the years spent In
writing books. It Tins this ail
ment which compelled him to
take up the typewriter as a means
of expression, something he has
used almost cenatnntly since.
Then Mr. Wilson resigned from
Princeton to become a candidate for
governor of New Jersey. Ha
tered vigorously into a tight against
the election of James Smith as sen
ator and thus began a series of men
tal strains such as the struggle with
a Republican legislature to get a re
form program through, and then
speeenmaking tours in the presiden
tial primary contests.
Heavy Duties Since.
This dovetailed Into the presidential
campaign of 1912 itself and when Mr.
Wilson was elected he did not relin
quish the governorship of New Jer
sey until three days before he was
inaugurated president With the -exception
of a few weeks in Bermuda
with his family, he had been continu
ously at work for two years when ih.
cares of the white house began to ac
cumulate, ue nan a hard fight on
tariff and currency legislation and
then came th. Mtm .f v.r.-M-
followed soon by the outbreak of the
European war In 1014. which made
the first 18 months of his term exact
ing, -inrougnont the first two years
of the war. the Lusltania controversy
and neutrality problems weighed
heavily on the nreehi.nt'n mind aim!
then came the preparedness tour snd
later tne presfttentlal campaign uf
1910. America's entrance into the
war a few months later piled high tbe
"w ana wis imposed by congress
on the executive.
While wnr ODeretlon. mr mt
their height, derisions affection
the placing ,f American troops
in battle and naval questions of
moment were referred to the
presdent from abroad. Mr. Wilson
spent many long hbnrs at night
coding nnd decoding eenfldenttnl
messages himself.
Perhans the climaT nf it .it . .
when Germanv asked for n
sad the president began to exchange
' ixhii. tea co uermanys capitu
lation. In the midst of this excite
ment so great was the nresident'.
anxiety for the league of nations and
the making of the terms of the treaty
of peace that he asked tbe country to
wiuxn a majority m congress as a
vote of confidence. His determination
to hasten the peace' conference and
go to Europe himself was the
of some apprehension to his friends,
who wondered if he could stand the
added strain. In Paris he was at work
days and nights and caught cold while
in a conference with prune minister
Lloyd George and premier Clemen-
cean. This developed Into Influenza.
from which, as Dr. Grayson says, the
president has never recovered en
tirely. First Signs of Collapse.
It Is true that there were many
ressons for postponing the president's
inp across ine continent in behalf of
it,, i...... .. , , , r : : i
K VSTSr .T i
his return fro v.,. . Z7 1 " , !
Ms return from Europe, but even if
ne couiu nave iintsned sooner those
who have worried about his health
and when he insisted on making hs
tour for the league of nations, con
sent was given, on the condition that
he would not make an extensive trip
(Continued on page 3. Col. 1.)
Ur Justice
DETERMINED TO
HELD SINCE T
ENGLAND CLAIMED ALLDGATIO
TO U. S. MOT PERMANENT
Contended 8 Big Vessels Should Eevert To Allied Ship
ping Pool For Permanent Disposition; Liners To Be
Turned Over to U. S. Ship Board; Will Be Used
To Establish lew American Ocean Lines.
WASHINGTON. D. a. Sept. 27. The.
eight former German liners al
located to the United States after the
armistice, including the former Hamburg-American
steamer Imperator.
the second largest ship afloat, are
to be turned over to the shipping
board by the war department as soon
as necessary surveys can be made.
The British ministry of ship
ping here had expected that the
Imperator would be turned over
to Its agents at 9 a. ra. today at
Hoboken and the vessel already
had been promised to the Cunard
line for service between New
York and Bngland.
Decision that the ship should be
dellverefl to the shipping board was
reached late last night at a confer
ence between board officials and
representatives of the war depart
ment. After their allocation to the
United States, the ships were used
as transports and Great Britain
has contended that their alloca
tion was only temporary and that
when the troop movement had
ALLIES THREATEN NEW BLOCKADE
F GERMANY IF TEUTON FORGE IS
OT WITHDRAWN
Supreme Council's Note Informs Berlin Provisioning
Will Be Stopped and Bequested Financial Arrange
ments Held TJp If Troops Are Not Withdrawn; All
German Forces Must Be Becalled From Baltic
PARI S, Franc, Sept 27. The
supreme council decided today
to Bend the German go Tern men t,
throuch marshal Foeba a note de
manding the e-raenatlon of ZJlhn
anla hy German troop, under
drastic penalties tor noncompli
ance. The note Informs Germany that
her provisioning; ttIH be Immedi
ately stopped and the 'financial
arrangements she has requested
be held up If ZJthnanla Is not
eraeuateds
Wilson's Illness
AscribedTo'Flu' Attack In Paris
President Still Hopes to
Welcome King Albert
in N. Y. Friday.
On Board President Wilson's Spe
cial Train, Sept- 27. President Wil
son, returning to wasnington in a
state of nervous exhaustion from his
Interrupted speechmaking tour, was
iscribed today as feeling "about the
fiine" after a night in which he was
able to get considerable rest.
Just before the presidential special
reached Indianapolis late in the fore- 1
noon. Dr. Gary T. Grayson, Mr. Wil
son's personal physician, issued the
following bulletin:
Condition About Same,
"The president's condition is about
the same. He has had a fairly restful
night."
This was all the physician cared to
add to his statement of last night, tn
which he said Mr. Wilson's indisposi
tion was not alarming, although a
considerable period of rest would be
necessary to recovery.
It was learned, however, that the
president had slept during much of
the night and until late in the morn
ing. He had been more or less rest
less in the even in jr. and Dr. Gravson.
who as a precautionary measure spent
the night in an adjoining room on
the private car. Mayflower, did not
get to bed until a late hour.
May Be Kept In Bed.
! son would not be permitted to leave
son wo
!' 'd during the day. in view
2. "r. Grayson
rest prescription
That he was able to set some sleen
was interpreted as a good omen, the
eviaent concern or those nearest him
being to get his mind entirely away
from the subjects which have occu
pied his energies during recent
months.
Besides Dr. Grayson. Mrs, Wilson
was in constant attendance upon the
president during tne hight and again
today. She also was able to get some
rest, however, and seemed refresh" d
from the apparent strain of tbe last
few days.
The president's train crossed the
(Continued en page 3. column 3.)
3 --
is &
KEEP
NERS
RUCE
been completed they were to re
vert to the allied shipping pool '
for permanent allocation. J. II.
Bosseter, director of operations
for the shipping board, said today,
however, that the board held that
the original assignment' of the
ships was permanent.
Besides the Imperator. the ships are
the Kaiserin Augusts Victoria, Cap
Fin latere. Graf Waldersee, Priaa
Frederick WHhelm. Pretoria, Mobile
and Zeppelin. AH are huge passenger
liners which bad been laid up in Ger
man ports during the war.
After the armistice, they were de
livered to American naval officers in
England. All of the vessels are now
In port In this coon try, most of them
at New York.
To Establish, New Lines.
All of the skips win be delivered
to the shipping board as soon as sur
veys and necessary alterations ra
be made. It .was said that with tt
German liners seised in American
ports when this country entered the
war. they would be used In establish -Ing
new American freight, mail ari'i
passenger lines, presumably to r?:vit
Britain and Europe as well as to
South America.
FROM LITHUANIA
It all German troops axe net re
called from the Baltic provinces w.N
In a, rery short time, the allies wiU
est off supplies from Germany, re
establish the block do and interrupt
the repatriation of German prisoners
oX war, according- to the Figaro,
which states a note to this effect is
being prepared by the entente powers
In answer to a communication f-om
the German government, which seated
that forces under Gen. von Der Goltz
were being retained in the Baltic
provinces because it was impossible
to prepare a plan of evacuation at
present.
American experts, the newspaper
saya, suggested tbeee measures.
Johnson Asked
To Stop Fight
On Peace Pact
Leading Califomians Make
Plea; Senator to Re
sume Speaking Tour.
Washington, D. C, Sept. 27 Sen
ator Johason. Republican, California,
ts asked in a telegram signed by
lodges, state officials and business
mean of California, to withdraw tus
opposition to ratification of the pears
treaty. The telegram, made pubh
today by the League to Enforce
Peace, said:
Text Of Hesaas.
Wa hare heard the president's
message on the peace treat v and t.s
league of nations. We have" also cu--sidered
carefully all the objections of
fered ts ratification. The issue is the
most important presented m the
AsjMricaa people since the Civil ir
It is far above all personality or
partisanship. We are convinced that
the treaty should be ratified w.tiout
amendment or reservations. Peace,
and peace on a permanent basis of
open arbitration, inquiry and discus
sion before resort to war. is vit.
to the welfare of the American peopia
and the welfare of the world. America,
must not be false to herself anj re
fuse such a peace except for the most
ratification
weigniy reasons. The objections to
are not weighty ana
shonld not hold us back. We Ba
yon to withdraw your opposition v e
are confident that in thi. nr. .
t'""1' posiuoa aoes not represen:
them truly."
Johnson Resumes Speeches;
Senator Johnson is now en rout vo
California and other western states
to resume his speaking: campa -rn
against the treaty and the league or
nations.
The peace treaty was given ? x
hours' cnsi leraticn m the senate ve
terday wt:huut t.he Fall amendment,
whi.-h haj teen nadd the special or
der of hjsi e-s. Se.ai; reached. Deba'e
was rrare l l a c'i between se-,-atop
Joh"5La senator W.llian.
Mississippi, who had charged snt t
Johnson was returning to Caiifr-
to continue his attack on tie p-r
ident and "mend his p'lu'.il fe-

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