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EL PASO HERALD
HOME EDITION Mexieaa bank notes, state bills, $5530; pesos, 77; Mexican gold. $50; naaonales, $2124; bar Eflyer, H. & H. quotations, 99c; copper, 1919c; gnia, bigler; livestock, lower; stocks, steady. WEATHEE FORECAST. El Paso and wett Texas, unsettled; New Mexico, fan to west, unsettled la east; Arnoaa, fair and wanner. LATEST NEWS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. 16 PAGES TODAY. SINGLE COPT. nvB CENTS. EL PASO. TEXAS. FRIDAY EVENING. MAY 14. 1920. DELTVZBED AJJTWHERE. T0 MCNTH. E LA HUE RTA CALLS MEXICAN CONGRE ! TODAY'S PRICES. I Hi, LOWDEN LIKELY TO BE NOMINEES Gov. Cox, of Ohio, Already Being Discussed as For-' mer s Running Mate. THOMPSON'S LOSS HELP TO LOWDEN Governors Deft to Mayor of Chicago Draws Much Favorable Comment. Br G. A. MARTTY. WASHINGTON. D. C May 1H Let it surprise nobody if governor Lowden, of Illinois, and William Gibbs McAdoo, of New York, are the next standard bearers of the, Bepub--ican and Democratic parties. It is so well recocmised at this time that McAdoo is to be the Temocratic nominee, if noth.ng comes up to change it, that they are already dis cussing who will ran with him for ice president, and governor Cox, of Ol ic, is being discussed as the most .ely choice, if he will take it- Some Fav he can carry Ohio. Illinois and InoJana. all pivotal states Situation May Change. Nobody can toll from one day to another just what trend political thought will take 'and In whose di rection the most favorable wind will Mow. but if you asked the majority i people in Washington today who I1 as the best chance for the two nomi nations, you would hear them say Low-den and McAdoo. Lowden's chances have risen rap dly since his defl to mayor "Bill. Thompson, of Chicago, and his victory o er the Windy City mayor. Lead ers throughout the east were watch ing what Lowden would do in the Illi nois state convention. If he. bowed to Thompson and accepted him for national committeeman in return for support from the 17 delegates Thomp- ; t-on controls from Cook county, he vould generally be considered out of xne race ror toe presiaency out ne didn't- He went into the convention with a you can go to hades atti tuae toward the Chicago mayor and pat up another man against Thomp son for national committeeman and he voa. Politicians sav Lowden showed The metal be is made of and 3peeaaMoil4tot3B of the employers over . W...I 4..aa a d AiamAV iarf I n- - a m . " .'. of a bad sltuatlos in a manner most -editable to himself. He alii -go be fore the national convention as the choice of his state as expressed in the convention, and he will not bear the stigma of being a Thompson too that would have clang to him if he had consented to compromise. Easy to Compromise On. Ke Lowden has kept out of the state fights everywhere and has not made mv very definite stand upon the league of nations matter, it is said that he would become a compromise candidate upon whom almost all the clegates. except the radical Johnson oHwers. perhaps, could agree upon, without having to swallow too much that would be bitter. Even, the John ?on men could accept him, i is said, for Lowden's past utterances have not maae it impossible for him to stand i.pon almost any sort of a platform the Republic -ns adopt. The victory of the coventor over Thompson has attracted com ment not only In the capital, but In nil the larger centers and It lias all been favorable. The Washington Star says of Us Ltory "It is expected to have fa-o-aUe effect upon the uninstructed ue legations that are sitting tight and w at -time the candidates closely, nartlng up the form they exhibit. The first conclusion drawn from the IlLnois showdown is that governor Lowden will flgnt for his principles and not be afraid to raise an issue tnd meet it." Th Washington Post says that Lowden said flatly to mayor Thomp n, "You can have your 17 delegates and vote them as you please. If you cast their ballots against me, you will i elate the preference expressed by the sxate and the instructions of the fit ate convention. But I would rather 1 are my name presented by part of 'e delegation than hae It presented tv all on your suffrance " Lowden Gains In New Terk. Then, in a dispatch from New York, it says ' Knowledge of the facts of Low dn s fight is seeping into Reubllcan minds throughout the east, and it has nade an exceedingly favorable im jrpsjon. Members oT the New York delegation who have not committed themselves, commented upon it as an 'ndicatlon of the kind of presidential mber governor Lowden Is. It has roused additional interest in niinols's 'aorite son and placed him in a bet ter position In this state than before. New lork will cast its firs- and see ud ballots for Nicholas Murray But jfr as a compliment, bat the leaders f the New York delegation are look i ig upon Lowden, particularly in view of his attitude toward Thompson, as a compromise worthy of consideration. Continued en page 3, column 4.) Kansas Miner, Bid To Love Governor, Tells Sheldon, Christian Author, "Go And Tell Allen To Love Me" Marketing Made Easy For El Paso Housewives THE Sunday dinner question will be quickly solved for El Paso women who turn to pages 8 and ? of tooay s Herald. These are the market pages and are filled with special Saturday offering, by the enterprising grocery, meat and o'alrc product dealers MARSHALL, TEXAS, HAS POPULATION OF 14,721 basiling ton D. C. May 14. Census f'gures show Cripple Creek, Colo, :c:5 decease J77, or 6!-S percent: rarton o, S7,"1. fhcrease 96,874, or U p,rc Marshall, Tex, 14,7:1. ircrease -81S, or Zt 6 percent. Imagine Trying To Run Kaiser's Old Throne , to Be SoldalA uction in New York May 22 NEW YORK. May 14. Sixty. five pieces of furniture, including the German imperial throne, are betas arranged in one of New York's art galleries for sale at auc tion May 22. After the emperor abdicated these articles were seized from the palaces of Berlin and Munich for unpaid bills. There are three complete salon sets; brought here two weeks ago by Vladunar Povelson. who said their authenticity was fully vouched for- Tae relics of Prussian luxury were traced to .pawnbrokers, sec ond hand and trdesmen's shops, following the armistice. Some of the antiques seised by creditors are said to date back 100 years, ac cording to the importer. The former HohenzoUern be longings were allowed to leave Germany only on condition that the proceeds of the sale be used for the purchase of food here, to be exported to Germany. It is esti mated that the collection Is worth $19,000,900 to $15,000,000. HOOVER COMES OUT FOR OPEN SHOPPRINCIPLE Tells Senate Labor Committee That "Individual Freedom i Requires It WASHINGTON. D. G, May 1. The principle of individual freedom requires the open shop, Herbert Hoover declared today In testifying before the senate labor committee at bearings on proposed legislation for the settlement of industrial unrest. Wants A Martyrdom.' Mr. Hoover, who was a member of m-esident Wilson's second industrial conference, said he did not believe me reiauonsnip netween employers and emnloves could be settled bv any form of legal repression, whether it oe oy injunction, compulsory arni tratios or international courts." "Fundamentally." he declared. all such effort leads inevitably to the use of jails as a solution for disputes as to respective participation of labor and capital in industrial profits and roceeds swiftly toward compulsory abor, or compulsory nsges, or mar tyrdom. . ' . ito ova nounts mat tne mouern larjrer units of employee fives even justification and stghWoT the-organ jzauon oi toe employes similarly into units -for tfee exertion of equality in bargaisjfag powers. Such organiza tion hjLs -a riglft to present its own representatives in banraintne:. On the other hand there should be no compulsion to join such angrganiza- For League With Reservations. New York, May 14 Herbert Hoover, replying by telegraph to the request of the Hoover Republican club of Port land, Ore-, for hfs "iews on various (Continued on page 3, column 3.) 3D0SPL1ES lSfl,000.D00FDR FLYTOHESGUEiU.S.AIR SERVICE Panama City, Pan, May li. Three Americans, dne of them an octo genarian, alone on a plantation In the interior,, SO miles up the Atlantic coast, died of tropical fever within a few hours of one another last week, while a hydroairplane carrying & doe tor and medicine was being hurried to their relief, it was learned on the plane's return. The victims were E. McGuire, M years old; H. W. Davis, 87. and J. W. Leath. 70, aU of Los Angeles. Porter's Prosperity Brings Him to Grief Los Angeles. Calif, May It Thomas A Abernathy. a Pullman porter runnbur between Los Anfreles and El Paso, acquired a handsome home, an expensive automobile and a saddle horse after prohibition be came a fact. His prosperity at tracted federal agents. Tbey said they found two cases of whisky in a locker on his car in the Tucson yards. Abernathy was arrested here yesterday, charged with smuggling liquor from Mexico. VERDICT OP JU11V CLOSES FOUR-TEAB-OLD DIVORCE SLIT A verdict for 3rs. Mary Tanton. who filed suit for divorce from her husband. Nathan Tanton. was re turned by a Jury in Forty-first dis trict court Thursday afternoon, fol lowing the closing arguments in the case. The suit has been on the court records for about four years. rPBKA. Kan, May 14. Dr. Charles Jt Sheldon, widely known pastor and author of "In Ills Steps." "What Would Jesus DoT" and so on. In an .address before the Kansas Con gregational conference here yesterday told how he had failed to induce Alexander Howat, president bf the Kansas miners, to love governor Henry J. Alien. "I asked him what he thought would be the first thing Jesus would do if he were here today." said Dr. Sheldon. "He relied: IVelU I ex pect he first would clean up governor Allen and the state house.' "I asked him if he believed in Christ's teachings all of them. He assured me he did. Then I said: If that Is the case you should love gov ernor Allen.' Howat leaned up against the door and thought for a moment, then said like a flash: WelL you go back to Topeka and teU gov-? einor Alien to loe ma. MORE OF WAR'S SECRETS If COI 00T Critics of Administration Will Find Wilson Ready With Revelations. AFFAIR OF SIMS JUST A STARTER Pershing May Tell Things to Make Wood Plaint Look Quite Differently. By DAVID LAWRENCE. TI7ASHINGTON, D. C May -. y y something more important than the mere refutation of admiral Situs's charges that the American navy did not do its prpper part In the early stages of the war. some thing more than a controversy over war honors Is behind the revelations being made by secretary Daniels with the consent of president Wil son. The administration lone has smarted under the criticism that It was "pussy footing during the war. that it "slowed up. and that it hesitated to make big sacrifices either on land or sea, in the hope that "peace by negotiation" might shorten the war. Even as the president was en deavoring to arrange the final plea of the Germans for an armistice, he was being criticised by political orators on the ground that he wanted to make "a soft peace. It will bo remembered the "unconditional sur render" clubs were organized to off set this supposed -weakness of the president. And Wilson Kept StllL Throughout it all Mr. Wilson maintained secrecy. Many people in the capital know, for instance, that he made that fighting speech aboard the battleship Pennsylvania before the assembled officers of the Atlantic fleet. The white house was Implored oy newspaper men to permit tne puD Ucation of that address. It was contended that it would do a great deal toward enthusing the American Deooie. but the president refused. It was evident, however, that the freedom wtffa wblch he made criticism of the BrfMsb navy was the fnnda- jnenta! reason. It was feared that ptHuicauon or these remarks might mean dissea sftesi anniur the allied seoala and might give comfort to the enemy jtiany jiore uocumeaiB. But there are dozens of documents Just like those secretary Daniels make public, which throw light on bow America conducted the war Congress has seen fit to probe ex penditures and given an impression that the government was extrava gent and wasteful. Tao president has made no answer, bat as the (Continued on page 10, column 3.) Washington. D C May 14. After providing for an appropriation: ol S4v.ovo.ooo for the army air service. an increase of about 81S.0v0.jO0 over the house bill, the senate military committee today ordered the annual army appropriation hill favorably re ported to the senate. NO TIME FOR QUEEN IN U. S "BUSY SELECTING PRESIDENT" Bucharest. Rumania, May 14. (By the Associated Press). King Ferdi nand and queen Marie of Rumania have decided to postpone their visit to the United States until next spring. Problems facing this country are so numerous and serious, says the king, that he is unable to leave the coun try now. Queen Marie, who was present during the interview, joking ly remarked to the correspondent that the American people 'would have no time to receive a queen while busy selecting a president." MEN'S SUITS AT $38.40 OFFERED U. S. BY ENGLAND New York. May 1 4, England is ready to sell to American merchants men's clothing, all wool, that can be retailed at a SO percent profit at ;S 40 each, according to J. C Shan non, member of a London manufac turing concern. "TVe can produce suits, transport them to America, pay the duty and sell them to the retailer for $32 each," Shannon asserted. "The same quality suit are now sell ing here from 360 to 380. IRON, STEEL, TIN LABOR SEEKS 15 PC PAY BOOST Scranton, Pa May 14. A fifteen percent advance in wages is to be demanded for every iron, steel and tin worker affiliated with the Amalga mated Association of Iron, Steel and Tip Workers, according to the report of the scale committee presented to tne convention in session here today. OIL ritODUCTIOX TAX CHOWS. Austin. Texas. May 14. Gross pro duction tax paid by oil companies in the controler's department for quar ter ending 'March 31 amounted to 377S.M0, announced control er M. L. Wlginton today. This Is an increase of slightly over 3100,000 over the pre vious quarter. Out of the Darkness and Into the Light RED BLUFF, Calif.. May 14. In ability to obtain a linotype operator who would work nights has caused the Red Bluff Sentinel to change from a morn ing to an afternoon newspaper. Announcing the change, the man agement said If a man could not be brought to the Job. the Job should be taken to the man An operator was obtained under the new arrangement. El Paso Testimony Of On Its Face, Transport Figures Said to Prove Baseless Charge of Prolonging War. WASHINGTON. D. C May !. Rear admiral Slam's "fallacious and baseless" chances that the navy department delays prolonged the war xour mourns unnecessarily was prac tically the only charge of unfavor able results from the many alleged sins of omission and commission" the officer had ascribed to the depart ment, secretary Daniels today told the senate naval investigating com mittee. It was fully refuted, he added, by the admiral's own testimony. Admiral Sims based his estimate of an unnecessary loss of 600,00 lives on an average loss for the allies of 3000 men a day, Daniels said. "The loss of 3000 men a day for four months falls short of half a million," the secretary declared. Charge Is Analysed. The admiral based the charge on assumption that had there been 1. 000,000 American soldiers in France by March. 1918. the war would have ended four months sooner, Mr. Dan iels said, and completed the reason ing by assuming the tonnage losses of 117 prevented carrying that num ber of troops overseas by that date and that failure of the American navy to keep heartily In, the first months of the war, resulted in the heavy ton nage losses. "It Is not necessary to wander far Into the realm of statistics or tech nical questions to show the absolute fallacy of admiral Si ma's claim," Mr. Daniels said. "He informed the com mittee that the net tonnage available lor the allies aajj, ui, was zt.vw. 000 tons. 10 Times aa Many Men Sent, "It is a matter of common knowl edge that on May 1, 1918. the ton nage was less than on May 1, 1917. Testimony given by admiral Sims would indicate that the net loss dur ing the year was about 2.000, 00 tons. This is nrobablv a sufficiently close estimate for practical purposes. flow, men. owing to tne tonnage losses of 1917 and the early part of 1918. the net tonnage available to the allies bad been reduced from 27,000,- on Mar 1. 1917. to 2i.000.oee on May 2, 1918. Yet It is admitted by admiral Sims that in the spring of 191S American troops were trans ported to France at the rate of nearly 300.000 a month, or more than 10 times the rate to which he said trans portation had been restricted in 1917 because of the destruction of tonnage. Plenty of Tonnage. "This simple fact refutes absolutely admiral Sims's statement that the ton nage losses of 1917 made it "impos sible to transport any considerable American tnnv" and made it "neces sary tft limit tle number of Ameri - can ixvom inmi couio oe sent aoroaa during the first year to an average of approximately 25,060. sma a month." There never was a time, Daniels testified, when tonnage was not available to carry troops and eup Sled to France as fast as they could landed and transported to the front. "As a matter of fact, the American army materially shortened the war, said secretary Daniels. "It got to the front as soon as it was hnmanly possible, not oy a chance, but result of carefnl Plans involving I close cooperation by the army and I navy, caret ally carried oat-" I Ceremony Will Mark Passing Of Army Mule Taps wiu be sounded next Monday over 86 mules belonging to the Zith infantry at Columbus. N. M. At 9 odock Monday morning a spe cial ceremony will be held in Colum bus for these mules, for they will be mustered out of Uncle Sam's service. They have all served long and faith fully, but the motor truck is to re place them. On the same day they re ceive their discharges about 100 new motor vehicles will take their places. These in elude trucks, tractors, trail ers, water wagons, etc The mules will line up for their last Inspection. Col. Mark L. Ireland, dis trict motor transport officer, will In spect them. Then a bugler will sound taps and the long eared quadrapeds will be turned back to the district quartermaster and he will turn them out to grass or hospitalize such as may be indtvposed. The mules may be reeinlisted affter three months If It is found the motor equipment Is not their equal for serv- Quarrel Over Dog Biting Cattle Enrages Complainant, Who Kills 8 And Now Is In' Prison For Life WASHBURN. N. D, May 14. Henry Layer, farmer, confessed the killing of Jacob Wolf, his wife and five children and a chore boy. Jake Holfer. n the Wolf farm, three miles west of Turtle Lake. N. C April 22. it was announced here by J. E Williams, state's attorney for Mo Lean county. Ill feeling of long standing, cul minating in a quarrel over injuries adminfstered to Layer's cattle by Wolf's dog. was responsible for the crime, according to WllHams. Layer was charged with first de gree murder, arraigned before Judge Nuessle. pleaded guilty, was sentenced to hard labor for life and arrived at the prison at 4 p. m. yesterday, lees than -4S hours after bis arrest. Layer said he went to the Wolf home shortly before noon. April 22. An argument followed and Wolf de manded that Layer leave. Layer re Vaughn, N.M., Boy Wins Herald Trip ROBERT GARLINGTOH, ae 12, of Vaughn, H. H, has secured the neces sary subscriptions to win a two weeks' trip to the Y. M. C A. camp at Mountain Park. N. 2L, in June transportation, board and lodging paid by The 1 Paso Herald. Robert said that almost everyone in Vaughn was al ready taking The Herald, but these who were not subscribers were mighty glad to subscribe for The HeraM in order that he might get the trip. Boys in 1 Paso have to secure only 15 new. one-month subscriptions in order to get the trip. All those interested should call to see H. H. Fris, ciiqjlation manager 1 Paso Herald. Out-of-town boys, those living in New Mexico. Arizona and west Texas, who would like to join the 1 Paso boys in camp, should write for our big offer to out-of-town boys. WITHOUT Sims False Says Daniels Woolen Company Makes Almost 100 Percent Profit in Three Months WASHINGTON, D. O. May 14. An Investigation completed by the department of justice shows the American Woolen com pany made a net profit of $19,000, 000 in the first quarter of 1930, or within $1,000,000 of the total com mon stock capitalization of the company. On the basis of $19.000,00 for the first quarter, the American Woolen company would earn total profits of $76,000,000. or nearly 400 percent on Its total common stock capitalization daring 1920. NEW TURK RULE IS ESTABLISHED BY MUSTAPHA Peace Conference Warned That Delegates Cannot Conclude A Treaty. AoNSTANTKOPLEL Tork.r. Mar 14. It Is reported currently that Mnstapha Kemal Paalia has formed a government in Angora and addressed a telegram to the peace conference, declaring that any ac ceptance of peace terms by the pres ent Turkish peace delegation- -rfll be null and void. , Condemned. Bat Sot Tnere. Londn. Ens- May 14. Mostapha. Kernel, leader of TnrkUh nationalist forces in As(a Minor, was condemned to death at an extraordl ary oonrt martial held In Cnstantlnople on Wednesday, accrdlng to a dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph company. As Mostapha did not appear for trial, he was foand gaiity by default. Another attempt was made to as sassinate Daraid Ferid. Turkish grand vlzer, on Thnrsday. says a Constantinople dispatch to the Ex change Telegraph. The attack was made by a police man who fired, on Daaaad Ferid. but only wounded the baler's armed at tendant. Th polieemas was ar- fleeted. REGULARS IN SALVADOR DRIVE BACK REBELTRDOPS San Salvador. Ratmbllc of Stelr.irtnr May 14. Bebel forces under the leadership of Artnro Arante. who aspires to the presidency of the r pnbllc. have been defeated by govern ment troops commanded by Gen. Joan Amaya, naar Arcatao. department of Cbalatenago, in the northern part of the country. The rebels were com pelled to retreat across the frontier into Hnndnraft. Tiunai nf fh -.h.i forces are said to have been numerous, many dead being found on the field. Leap Year Plea Refused, So Girl Shoots Herself Chicago, 111.. May H. Miss Mary White last night ehot herself, after her leap year proposal had been re jected by Joseph Keller. Miss White Invited Keller to din ner, took him to a picture show and suggested a walk in the park. There she proposed marriage and announced she bad furnished an apartment for xeuer. Her wounds are not serious, hos pital attaches say. lee. If It Is proved that motor trnlks are better than males then gradually all mules in the military service will he mustered oat ana XKsoarl can have them again. THI-STATE COAI. JL COKE CO. FILES ITS IXCOItPOnATIOTT .Austin. Texas. May 14. Charter of the Tri-State Coal and Coke company. of El Paso, was filed today In the state department. capital stock. tHMA. Inranuinlnni. J TT Psntiif W. E. Loose and U. C Moore. fused and Wolf went into the house and returned with a shotgun. Layer declared he grasped-the. gon and attempted to wrest it from Wolf. They struggled in the entrance to the kitchen and the -reapon was dis charged twice. One shot killed Mrs. Wolf and the other Uofer. Layer said. By this time Layer took the .Tin away from Wolf, went into the sitting room, ob tained a handful of shells from a bu reau drawer and went out. Wolf was running toward the barn. Layer told Williams, and Layer fired, the charge striking Wolf in the back. Layer then shot Wolf in the back as he lay on the ground. Layer then said be ran to a barn and shot two of the girls while they pleaded for mercy. Hearing screams of the three little girls in the house. Layer, according to his alleged con fession, shot two .of them and killed the third with a hatchet. The Chamber Of Commerce Would It Go? UlLWIho t Lone Robber Holds Up Mail Clerks on I. C. Fast New Orleans Train. FORCES ONE TO BIND THE REST Jumps Off With Cash in Chicago; Quizzed,Shools; Surrounded, Slain CHICAGO, UL, May it One of the most daring train robberies in the middle west tn recent years ended today In the death of a lone bandit, who last night looted the Illi nois Central's New Orleans limited, and the recovery of currency esti mated to total nearly $100,000. One policeman, shot by the bandit. Is dying and another Is seriously wounded. The bandit was identified as Horace Walton. 33 years old, of St. Joseph, Mo. He fell with four bullets in his body after barricading himself in his apartment ana ngnting a pitcnea battle with more than 100 police. Pose as P. O. lasDeetor. Walton boarded the train a few miles from Kankakee. A Decatur pouch containing registered mall was taken on the train. As the flyer pulled out of Kanka- Vm Walrnn atMinMl IntA ihj mfl car and announced that he was the costal tnsDector. He then drew a gun and commanded, "Hands up." Four of the clerks were ordered to lie on the floor and the fifth was forced to bind their hands. Walton then tied the fifth man's hands and set about a leisurely sorting of the mail poaches. Jokei AVI t ft Clerks. Armed with the clerk's key. he nicked out and rifled the bars which contained shipments of money, re marking that "it's easy when you have Inside information." A travel ing bag taken from one of the clerks furnished a receptacle for the money Walton kept up a running fire of banter with the clerks until the train reached South Chicago shortly before 1 a. m. There he leaped out. Fires Through Cost Fifteen minutes late." William A. Roberts and John Kendrlcks, patrol- 1 P men met Walton. Roberts stepped Mexican naval lieutenant to go by forward to question the man. Wal- special train to the mf1W3! and tsn-flred thjaugfa Aeswfr-aad ltSw&iMSSiSSam erts fell, shot In the tinerl and side. Walton leaped Into the areaway of an apartment building, while Ken drlcks opened fire. After an ex change of shots, the policeman dashed forward And Walton dropped the bag and fledjato an apartment house, half a block way. Police rifle squads surrounded the building and for more than an hour poured hundreds of bullets Into Wal ton's apartment. I Uses Two Weapons. He returned the fire steadily, using iContlaued on psge 3. column 4.) GARRANZALEGATIONATHAVANA LOYALTY PHK Carranza legation at Havana, I Cuba, has informed governor de la uuerta tnat it oas recotmizeo him as chief and that the testation will hereafter consider Itself under de la Huertas orders. The legation members pledged themselves to ad here to the nlan of Acua Prieta. This Information was made public jmaay oy .ljiis jionies ae uca, con sular representative of the new gov ernment here. Mr. Monies de Oca also announced that Gen. Herbert Jara. Rafael Zubaran and Hermino Peres Abreu. prominent Obregonista leaaers or Mexico taty. wno ilea irom that city to escape execution by the Carrancistas on April 12. will arrive in &i aso soon, me party nas oeen in Havana. Revolutionary troops have sur rounded Carranza and his few loyal soldiers at Esparansa. Veracruz state. and have held them within a tight circle for three days, aooordinir to in formation telegraphed by Gen. Alvaro uoregon to consular oincxais nere. It la expected that the federals will be forced to surrender .within a few days. The soldiers who are attacking Carranxa's forces have been ordered by telegraph not to harm Carranza, but to gie him a milltaiar escort to tne port or Veracruz so that he may leave the country, when captured. Ta Spare Carranza Life. Gen. Obregon declare he will make every effort to spare the life of Car ranza, but there is a possibility that the former president will remain with the troops now fighting for him and lose his lifs in this manner. He has been given opportunity to leave Mex ico unmolested, but refuses to take advantage of this opportunity, ac cording to messages received here. Gen. P. Elias Calles ts expected to arrive today In Juarez, where he will remain ior some time before going to Mexico City. Gen. Ignaeto Bariquez, popular candidate for governor in Chihuahua state and head of the mili tia of the state, also ts expected to arrive in Juarez for a conference with Calles. A gasoline car was sent to Casas Grandee to meet Calles and onng mm to Juarez Governor de la Huerta will loin Calles in Juarez within a few days, as will Salvador Alvarado, and after a conference all will leave for the south. Governor de la Huerta has called Headliners In Todays Theaters AIjIIAMBRA Pantages, Vaudeville. nuou "The Dead Line.'" BLIjAXAI Tn Search of a Sinner," Con stance Talmadge. GIIBCIA7C "Upstairs." Mabel Xormaad. HIALTO "The Toll Gate," William S. Hart. UA1QUK -Destiny," Dorothy Phillips. WlfiWAM The Vampire." Dorothy Dalton. (Read Amusement Ads on Page 11) BANDITSTO ELECT HA.NDOFRED THROUGH REVOLUTION Program Laid to Certain Leaders in Chihuahua Is De clared to Include the Seizure of All Property and Its Distribution Among the Poor; Gambling Concessions Held Back for Higher Bids. AD0LF0 DE LA HUERTA, supreme commander of the revolutionary movement in Mexico, has issued a caM for the Mexican congress to convene and name a provisional president, k Vvas announced here today. De la HueAa, who has been given leave of absence as governor of Sonera by the state legislature, is most likely to be selected, it was said, thotfgh Fernando Iglesias Calderon, of Mexico Gty, also is mentioned. Leaders said a military man would not be selected. 0 See Bolshevism In Revelation. Battle Rages Four Days And I Still Fighting BY THE ASSOCIATED PRHSS. Ml EXICAN rebel forces have appar ently won the first phase of the battle against trooos still foval to president Carranza, which have been fighting in desperate battle north of San Marcos, state of Pnebla, four days. Advices from Veracruz indicate a break in the Carransa lines and an effort on the part of the, president's men to break through the rebel lines and march northward. The struggle us continuing ana new rebel reinforcements are reported to have reached the scene, coming up from the eoatn. Surrender some time Friday of Carransa and his forces, said to be surrounded ner Rlnconada, fueoia, was nredlstted in a tele cram from Gen. Alvaro Obregon, former candidate for the presidency of Mexico, received by Lais .uontes oe uoa. jaexioiu revom- tionarv "wwsnr in El Paso. An international incident may be foreshadowed dv tne xact tnat w A. Bodv. British counsel for Veracruz, is In the camp of president Carransa. It seems nrobable he accomnanied the president -in hss flight from Mexico City British sad American authori ties in Veracruz have arranged tor a French and British warahins have made their appearance m the harbor oi veracrua ana rour American xzgax lng vessels are at anchor there. Negotiations for the surrender of Matamoros. across the frontier from Brownsville, Tex are under way and it is expected the Carransa forces there will surrender without fighting today. Mexlealt Still Quiet. Calexleo, Calif, May 14. Mexlealt, Mexico, across the international boun dary from here, where there were (Continued on page Z column 3.) m a meeting of the Mexican congress for the election of a provisional presi dent, according to word received here. This is compliance with a provision of the Agua Prieta plan. Money Held in Bank. Carlos Fells Diaz, new collector of customs at Juarez. Is making an ef fort to recover t&O.OOe belonging to the Mexican government which was brought to El Paso by J. Felipe Valle. deposed customs collector, according to an announcement In Juarez. Mr. Diaz declares that a tew days prior to the turnover of the garrison, valle brought the money to 1 Paso in in stalments, and deposited it ln a bank here, ostensibly for safe keeping in case of looting or fighting in Joarez. An order has been obtained, reports state, preventing Valle from drawing the money from the bank here pend ing the action of the 3tas depart ment at Washington, to which Mr. Diaz has appealed. Telegrams received Friday at the local consulate stated that a civil and criminal suit has been filed against Ocfaoa Villa, sr., and others at Pledras Negraa, charging them with taking the customs house funds away It is expected that the full amount of the customs funds there will be recovered and placed In the hands of the new government. Gen. Francisco Coss has gone from Pledras Negras to Mouclova to meet the soldiers of Gen. Luis Gutierrez and give them an opportunity to ad here to the plan of Agua Prieta. It Is understood that the Monclova gar rison is ready to declare allegiance to the new government. Xen Garrison Established. A new garrison of Obregonista sol diers has been established at Villa- ( Con tinned on page column 3.) IEV0LUTI0N 300 Passengers Robbed On Black Sea Point Oat Ship Safe Untouched And Say Crew Must Have Aided Pirates CONSTANTINOPLE, Turkey. May 14. V-. (By the Associated Press.) Charges that the French steamer Sbairah could not have been robbed by Black sea pirates. May C. without connivance of persons employed on the ship were made by see indignant passengers of the craft who landed here Wednesday ln a driving rain. Penniless and enraged, the passen gers Joined in denouncing the Brit ish passport control officers at Batum, the failure of British authorities there to disarm the robbers before they boarded the Souiraa and the negli gence of the teamship company in not maintaining armed guards. It seems the fact the robbers did not molest the ship's -sate aroused the suspicions of the passengers. The captain of the Sou! rah refused to discuss the question with the cor respondent of the Associated Press. It PRE SIDENT; TRACES r Bolshevism of the Russian variety, and -net inere resentment against the Carranza government, inspired tae recent revolution la Mexico, according to what purports to be an inside story of the upheaval which war told in El Paso Friday. Cainddently, the same story is told by two Americans wro have large interests ln Mexico and a prominent banker in that republic CUhuaaua Banks Closed. The purpose of the revolution bo the story goes. Is to seize eenuail. by one means or another, the capita! of Mexico and distribute it raong toe poor of the land. Ignacio Enrique military governor of Chihuahua, and for some time a prominent figure in the de la Huerta regime, is directly charged with executing the designs of the new government in tvs state Two of the -largest banks in the dty of CMhnahna have been closed, reports brought by highly responsi ble persons to El Paso a" Tnese banks were dosed, according to nes statements, as the result of runs on them. The runs on the banks were the results of demands made on the banks for funds by Gov Enriquer. The president of one of these banks is xavux Kussec wno is now in til Faso. The president of the other is Rfal Calderon, who fs said to be still '3 Chihuahua, but tn hiding. Heavy Levy Ordered. The demands made oc the ban a ware said to be to enormous as to be absurd. The purpose was for financ ing the army. Gov. Enrlquez has 1 sued an order ta every community fa gifiwi.itn for one-tent 3 of the social diJnmisub!fhls nestfe dm xnam every section of the state, is to be stationed in Chihuahua City to for tify the garrtsoc there. It is earl that a wholesale eradication ol a'l remaining; Carrancistas is to be car ried out add then the fortification' are to be increased so as to withstand any attack by any other faction tat might arise, a similar system of de fence is to be carried out in otbe states as rapidly as the arrangemerU can be made. After banks are levied on by the new government, it is said, the mints win be next. Tne levies on these In terests ts to come, reports cay. in the form of an Increase tn their taxes of ito percent. A seizure of lane, or what amounts to that, is said to be contemplated also, as soon as some definite system can we worked out The method of assessing oil corpora tions aatl oil production is aziotner matter under cosaloeration. Gambling et Abolished, It was learned Friday that ga blinz is not to be abolished, as was recently announced by Gen. P. Elfaa Calles. Five bids have been made for the gambling privilege in Juarez and ine government is saia to oe ooiairg out for a tin higher bid. Corning with the report that a ca- eral plan of exploiting capital hae been launched and that a largo part of what has been seised is to be d!s tiibuted among the poor, there come3 also the admission that Americans aie receiving better treatment as far as they are personally concerned It is said that the plan of the new govern ment was drafted in the belief that it would take from exploitation enough substance to quiet unrest for all time to come. The unrest has btn a 1 -tributed to a starved condition of the genera population. MEXICAN CONSULATE AT P1IOE.VII. ARIZONA. CLOSED. Phoenix. Ariz-, May 14 The Mexi can consulate here was closed yester day and friends of Francisco Peredo who had been consul of the Carranza government here, said the cons bad gone away about three weeks ago. saying he would go to New Or lean- STRAY BULLET HITS AGED MEXICAN; INJURES HIS FOOT Stepping from his room at 809 Sixth street at 9:46 oclock Thursday night. Genaro Villa. 85 ears old, was &UOL. tn the foot by a stray bullet thougTT to have come from across the r.,er Villa hobbled into police court Friday morning at 11 oclock in search of treatment for his wounded foot He was attended by Dr. John Hfcrdv, who sent him to the county hospital. VUla was born ln Jtminez, Chihuahua. was stated that in future all Frem sains oa the. Black sea would caxr guards. Ja res Wood, of Glasgow, Scotland, a T. M- C A. worker, who witnessed the holdup, said the thieves showel "great courtesy." ordering stewards to bring refreshments for the ..assen gers. Before leaving the ship one of th robbers threw a steward a 1000 franc note. Mx. Wood declared the robbers bad a committee of experts readv to pass on jewels suspected of be.ng imi tations. He said the leader o (j gang was not masked and wot- a Tartar officer's uniform. The proved circulation ef & The El Paso Herald is nearly & twice that ef any other El - Paso paper.