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EL PASO HERALD
HOME EDITION WEATHER FOHZCAST. El Paso and west Texas, partly cloudy; Hew Mexico, unsettled weather, probably showers; Anions, fair. LATEST NEWS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. 32 PAGES. 4 SECTIONS. TODAY EL PASO. TEXAS. SATURDAY EVENING, MAY 15. 1920. SINGLE COPT. FTVB CENT3. DEIJVERED A.MWHHRE. 7e MONTE. CARRANZA'S OLD GUARD DYING ON FIELD TODAY'S PRICES. Mexican bank notes, state bills, $5.2530; pesos, 77; Mexican gold, $50; sadonates, $2124; bar silver, H. & H. quotations, 99c; copper, 1913J$c; grain, higher; livestock, irregular; stocks, firm. RESERVE BANKS ARE DECLARED PROFITEERS Will Drive Country Into Panic If Interest Rates Go On Up, Says Owen. CRIPPLE BUSINESS, CHARGES SENATOR Speculators Aided; Money Taken From Legitimate Uses Where Needed By O. A MARTIX. TTrASHTNGTON. Dl C Msv li- Fed if eral reserve tonka of the United States made a. profit of 100,000,- 000 last year and were characterized as profiteers by senator Owen, of Oklahoma, In an attack late Thurs day afternoon on the federal reserve Doara. The Democratic aenator. attack Ins the Democratic federal rr Mtre board asserted that If It continues Its methods of raising the Interest rate It la going to drtr tfce eoflntrr Into a. sanle. "Congress never Intended these federal reserve banks to be money makers, he asserted. They were treated to furnish money where it was needed for the legitimate inter ests of the country, bat they have turned to profiteering. It is the duty of these federal reserve banks to loan money Just as cheaply as they can and see that the member banks loan only to legitimate business interests of the country. It is all the veriest rot to say that the raising of the interest rate is hitting at deflated credits. It is having the effect of deflating credits, all right, but it is the credit of the United States and its Liberty bonds that are denateo. Not linrlinsc Speculator "Instead of hurting the speculator. the federal reserve nanus are neip ing him when they Increase the rate of Interest. The speculator borrows the money at the Increased rate and continues his speculations, the legiti mate business man cannot afford It. These federal reserve banks are be coming profiteers and the member banks cannot borrow from the fed eral reserve bunks at the increased rates of Interest they are charging and make any money loaning It ex cept at usurious rates. In states where there is a limit on the amount of Interest a bank may charge they are already forced p resort to dis counting a man's paper in order to make him pay more than the legal rate. That's a cute way the banks have of evading the Jaw, bnt it is a direct slam at the business maar "Every time call meney goes up in New York, and today I see it threat ens to go to SO percent the bankers in Oklahoma, Kansas. Texas and else where rush their money to New York for that high rate of interest and the farmers and the merchants at home have to do without money to grow their crops nd buy legitimate stocks of goods. Bnalmeas Needs Honey. "If the member banks can pay three and four percent on deposits and then loan them at six and eight percent and make money, why, in the name of heaven, must the federal reserve banks charge six and eight percent? We need money today for legitimate business worse than we eer needed It before. This is the time wheu the federal reserve banks should come forward with it at rea sonable interest rates and eay to the member banks, 'Here, take It for legitimate business, but the first time you loan any of this to speculators we cut you off from any more.' That is the solution. Not a higher rata of interest. Higher rates of interest irom tne zeaerai reserve Danic only help to create the belief that this country is going to the damnation bow-wows and plays into the hands of Continued on page 2 column 3.) President Reviews War Veterans In Arlington Dedication Parade; Sends Message Praising Heroes 'lirASBTN-GTOX. D. C, May IS. yy President Wilson, from the south porch ot the white boon, re viewed the sand, today, prior to the dedication of the amphitheater and cnapei &i Aninsuin national ceme tery. The honor position in the parade as given to the a. A. K. of the de partment of the Potomac, command ed by CoL John McElroy. past senior vice commanaenncntei of the Grand Army of the Republic. The parade was marshaled by Lieut, den. Nelson A. Miles, who had on his staff about SO retired generals and admirals of the civil wai In uniform. MaJ. Gen. John L. Clem was assist ant marshal, Both Gen. Miles and Jen. Clem are among the younger veterans. Gen. Clem, known as "the drummer boy of Chlckamauga," was the last veteran of the civil war In active ser vice and often visited In 1 Paso when chief quartermaster of the southern department. Others riding in the division of vet erans included Brig. Gen. Anson Kills VBLASCO 1BANEZ, tie fastens Spaniard, anther of "The Four Horsemen af toe Apocalypse" and many other great novels of the war, journalist and editor of world wide reputation, encyclo pedist and political leader, has returned to the United States after several months spent in touring MEXICO. He will write a series of 12 or more articles for the El Paso Herald, giving his impressions of Mexico as it is today, of the virions factional political leaders, of the country Just before the latest revolution, and of the changes due to the overturning of Carranza's power. IBAHEZ'S great literary ability, his keen observation, power of expression, gift of vivid description and character analysis, lend nnusnal importance to this announcement. First hand information on Mexico from a source of such authority and popular appeal will be welcomed by att. It wfB be interesting to know what a crilHant and talented' Spaniard really thinks of the country his people once ruled. Fur ther announcement wiH be made of the date when publication of the articles in The El Paso Herald is to begin. El Paso Does Not Fail To Sustain Every French Farmer Plows Into "Live" Gas Shell BAR-LE-DUC, France, May 15. A farmer living near Pinthe-vUle-Riavlde ran his plow into an un exploded shell containing hypexite gas and was ill for sev eral days. Though there have been numerous fatalities by the explosion of shrapnel and high ex plosive shells since the armistice, this -is the first case reported in France where an unexploded gas shell has had a victim. NICK ARNSTEIN, BOND SUSPECT, GIVES SELF UP Fannie Brice, Actress, Accom panies Husband to N. Y. Prosecutor's Office. N1 15v Jules "W. (Nick) Am stein, accused of being the master mind of New Tories 35,90,006 bond theft plot, was ar rested here today In the district at torney's office. He appeared there with' his wife, Fannie Brice, the actress. Arn stein told reporters he had been In Pittsburg. Fa-, all the time the police have been looking for him. Tells Of BU Arrival. The elusive Nick, for whom the nollce from coast to coast and even the Canadian, authorities have been searching since last I February in finally fulfilling his oft repeated nromise to surrender himself, ap peared at the district attorneys of fice brisrht ana early. Five minutes after their arrival Edward Rayens. detective, attached to the office, walked up to Arnsteln and. by order of assistant district at torney Horse, piacea mm unuer ar rest. Nick described to newspaper men an entrance into the city undetected. According to his story, he arrived from Pittsburg, Pa-, at 9 a. m, to day and went direct to Columbus avenue and 90th street, where he was met by his wife in her automobile. They drove down Fifth avenue un recognized. Passes Police By Thousand. Just to heighten the effect, Nick ran into his police pursuers thou sands strong, forming for the a- nual New York police parade. The Arastein car was held up for several minutes as the bluecoats fell into line and when he continued on his way Nick passed mile after mile of policemen. . - uxta iiata to urxiciais. Arnsteln said that whan the ma chine passed the grandstand- erected for the police parade, he arose from nis seat ana mocKuigir iuiea ais iai to ute nign oraciais oz ice new xorx police force. Fearing he would be recognized. Miss Brice pulled her hus band down Into bis seat. A score of detectives were leaving the criminal courts building when the machine arrived there. He en tered the building unrecognized. Bail for Arnsteln was fixed at 175.- 060, and he was sect to the Tombs in immediate default of bail. Visited at Cleveland. The indictment arainst Arnsteln specifically chanres him with crim inally receiving S4:.060 worth of Crucible Steel stock certificates which were stolen from Clark, Chllds & Co. here. last October. His statement that he had been in pittsbursr ail the time be later email fled by stating that, although he had been there much of the time, he had spent a long period not far from here -in a nearay town. He said ha had not been In anv of the places he was reported la, ex cept Cleveland and Pittsburg. FIRE AT PRINCETON COLLEGE, Princeton. N. J May 15. Two of Princeton university's most noted buildings, Inckinson ball, and Mar- quand chapel, were destroyed by fire last night. Damage is estimated at ?ZM,e. of H Paso and Washington. Active aids in the parade Included CoL Harry N. Oootes. a former cavalry captain at El Paso. Secretaries Daniels and Baker de livered addresses at the dedication and the marine band furnished the music Message From Wilson President "Wilson was nnable to at tend the dedication ceremonies, but sent a message, which was read, in which he said. "The dedication of the national memorial at Arlington closes, and commends to history a great episode in me majcini- ot tne nation. "Gathered into this national ceme tery and elsewhere are most of the men who fought out the constitutional questions Insoluble by other processes. ana now in government nas. set una great ana oeauiixui ouuaing 10 stanu ilka a. fMniMnel on the banks of the Potomac and to view for all time the capital of tne reunited nation. limn .( uiniwn its roiieniiiE ill- flBneA over the controversy. Time has tdlmiaated from our memories tne (Continued on page 2, column 4.) G. 0. P. ORDERS DELEGATIONS TOPT No More Than 984 Seats at Chicago Convention; Rest Must Stay Out. SIX STATES HAVE ELECTED EXTRAS Illinois, Missouri, Okla homa, Arkansas, Neoada and Virginia Affected. CHICAGO. TIL, May 15. Instruc tions from the convention com--mittee In charge of the Repub lican national convention here next month, notifying national committee men to cut down their delegations to the authorized number, were on their way today. In at least six states, extra delegates have been chosen, with fractional Totes assigned to them. Illinois has two extra delegates at large, and Missouri. Oklahoma, Ar kansas, Nevada and Virginia also have chosen more than their allotted number. No more than 9(4 delegate seats can or will be placed," said I W. Hauler, secretary of the convention committee. "National committeemen have been Informed that the state delegations must decide within their own ranks who will octroy the state's seats." SKEPP1 HITS WET TACTICS Washington. D C , May 15 During a brief lareup In the senate yester day over the question of prohibition, senator Sbeppard. Democrat. Texas, was called to order by vice president Marshall, who charged him with hav ing reflected on a sovereign state, in violation of senate rules The discussion resulted from an ef fort bv tha Texas senator to insert in the record a brief filed In the su preme co art bv counsel for the Anti- Saloon league, to which senator Emoot. Republican, Utah, objected. Senator Sheppard said senator Bag, ncw Jersey, recently iBserica ducib in connection with the prohibition cases from that state. The prohibi tion amendment was ratified letraily by 45 of the 48 states, he said; and added that those opposing prohibition piacec tnemaeives tnerexore on tne side ef anarchy, vice president Mar shall rapped his gavel and called the Texas senator to order. senator Sflennard said ne nad not Intended to reflect on any state, for ne aia not xeei mat senator soee represented the people of New Jer sey, when declaring that state wanted to resist the action of 45 other states Senator dge said be had desired the briefs nrlnted because thev dealt I with the question of state's rights and nad no apology to make in hav ing them inserted. SOCIALISTS PROHIBIT ALIEN DELEGATES AT CONVENTION New York. May 15. Deleting refer ence to a labor dictatorship and re fusing the principle of rule by a sorlet, the Social lit national coavem tion was on record today as being In accord with the third (Moscow) Internationale (world conference of socialist). Before adjourning last night's session the convention amended the party's constitution so as to provide that all American dele gates to local, county, state, national and International convention of the Socialist party shall be citizens of the United States. An effort to bring on a fight on the floor with a resolution against "pro hibitory amendments to the United States constitution" failed, when the convention voted to table the resolu tion. The convention adopted the minor ity report of the committee on indus trial relations, pled cine the party to keep from internal interference with the trade anion movement. The ma jority report proposed active propa ganda among unionists. mm mi IF BAILEY QUITS Dallas, Texas, May 15. Jack BealL prominent corporation lawyer of Dal las, has been picked by the Bailey faction to make the race for gover nor in case Bailey dees not make it. It was said here today. Many who were Bailey's strongest supporters Id the precinct primaries are reported to believe Bailey will not come back to Texas, but will have some one eise tomaKe tne race in his dace. Bailey was suffering from physical exhaustion at tne ena or tne met cam paign. His throat was .bad and he has not yet fully recovered. It is feared his throat will be In no con dition for a two months campaign. After the May 1 primaries Bailey Is said to have indicated be was through with politics ana was reaay to quit. For political reasons his friends urged him to make no definite announce ment, but to keep his supporters In a state of expectancy until some one was selected to fill his place, it is added. Bailey supporters are meeting here today. It is probable no announce ment will be made today relative to Via nKw.ljia1 AAiuilflnn Krt It will lu SSIO SA4J oaFss avuu.fcv . . ...arv made to appear he is still coming back. The proved circulation of The EI Paso Herald Is nearly twice that of may other Bl Vnmo paper. II. S. WAR PLAN Tfi I Admiral's Outline, Made in 1918, Followed, Daniels Tells Committee. CHARGEOF SIMS CALLED WANTON Secretary Also Says Naoy Under Taft Fell Back to Third Place in 19 II. WASHINGTON. D. C May 15. Secretary Daniels today attacked the charge of rear admiral Sims that the navy department lacked plans and otherwise was unprepared for war. The charge was "uninformed and wanton he told the senate com mittee investigating the socalled Sims-Daniels row. and said the testi mony of rear admiral Badger and others of the general board proved such statements unfounded. Daniels described the organization and operation of the general board, to show that for years before the war the board was engaged In pre paring and revising plans for naval battle In the Atlantic. Admiral Dewey studied the situation from the begin ning of the European war and In March, 1915. he said, forwarded a statement of preparations necessary. The navy department followed the Dewey outline "as far as congress's appropriations would permit. Dan iels said. Daniels reviewed his recommenda tions to congress, from 1913 on. In cidentally, he told the committee that the navy under president Taft had -fallen back." the United States which had advanced to second place among naval powers in 1907, dropping to third In 1911. "Between March, 1913, and Septem ber, 191C the navy was increased In personnel, material and efficiency more than in any similar peace period in our history said the sec retary. The prewar attitude of the United States toward preparedness was shown by president Roosevelt's mes sage in congress, m iu. oecianng that it does not seem to me neces sary that the navy should at least In the immediate fcture be increased beyond the nreaent number of units," Lstsid Daniels. Every Chinese Merchant Joins Local Chamber "While several native American business men of El Paso refuse to Join the chamber of commerce, every Chinese merchant In the city has taken out a membership in that or ganisation. This was announced Sat urday noon by Herman Andreas at the luncheon attended by workers who are conducting a drive to raise funds for the EI Paso s central commercial body. "These Chinese merchants.' Mr An dreas said, "were glad to join. They received our committees smilingly and did not subscribe grudgingly. They said thev would gladly support the organization which has for its pur pose the bringing of more business to the city and the increasing ot the business the city already has. The Chinese members' Include owners of restaurants and curio shops." The grand total raised in the drive during the past week Is SIMM. Ot that amount J8.K7 was raised during the 24 hours ending Saturday noon. The amount needed to meet the UZ budget requirements is J30.000. Work ers pledged themselves to keep on until that sum is raised. Mr. Andreas proposed the names of the "slackers" be published or printed on a blackboard in some public place. If Bonus To Men In Army, Navy, Marine And Public Health Services Give Substantial Increases In Their Pay By G. A. WASHINGTON". XX C. May 15. Sub stantial Increases in pay to the army, navy, marine corps and public health service, dating back to January 2, 151. were passed by both houses of congress on Thursday. The increased pay Is granted In the form of a bonus to be paid until July 1, 1922, during which time congress is to revise the payrolls and reorganize the army. The Increased pay grants a bonus of $420 a rear to second lieutenants asd naval ensigns; a bonus of MOO a year each to colonels, lieutenant colonels and first lieutenants in the army and marine corps, captains, cara manders and Junior grade lieutenants In the navy, and assistant surgeons and senior surgeons In the public health service; a bonus of S720 a year to captains In the army and marine corps, lieutenants in the navy and passed assistant surgeons in the pub lic health service: a bonps of 840 a ear w lumjvio u ui army, lieu tenant commanders in the navy and surgeons in public health service. Xumes are Inrlnded. The bill also grants an Increase of Z0 percent in pay tor all enlisted men in the army and marine corps and the female nurse corps of the army and navy where the base pay Is S2S monthly or more. Commutation of quarters granted to officers of the army under this act of April 16. 191. when in the field. it they nave oepenaenxs, is extenaea and also made to Include naval of ficers at sea. The commutation is also extended to apply equally for enlisted men now entitled to quarters or to commutation therefor. The bill also grants to noncommissioned of ficers of the army of the grade of color sereeant and above and non commissioned officers of correspond ing grades In the marine corps one ration or commutation therefor above the limit now fixed, the com mutfufon value to be determined an any by the president. The bill White House's Typewriter Oiled For Knox Peace Veto Turndown Awaits Regard less of Changes and Treaty Plunges Into Campaign. By DAVID L.VWTU1XCE. WASHINGTON. D. O, May 15. President "Wilson is sharpening his veto pencil for the Knox peace resolution. In Its present form, even as amended by the senate, it is objectionable to the white house, but there have been so many vital changes since the measure passed the house that it may be a simple repeal of war time laws when it comes out of the conference between both bouses of congress. Therefore, Judgment must be sus pended until the resolution actually goes to the white house, but, unless further amendments are made, it will be vetoed and, with the veto message, will go the treaty of Versailles as the unfilled task of tha senate. Interest centers more on what ground the f resident will choose for his veto than n the possibility that he might sign the resolution and point to its inade quacy by referring the treaty of peace to the senate for action. Itaa Other Grounda. Generally speaking, the president Is said to contemplate vetoing the peace resolution on the ground that it dis tinctly interferes with the constitu tional prerogative of the executive Jo making peace with a foreign govern ment. While there might be no ob jection, for instance, in the repeal of war time laws from a domestic view point, the president could contend that It deprives him of one of the most important weapons needed in negotiating peace with a foreign gov ernment. For one thing. It endeavors to dis pose of German property In the United States in the sense that it removes from Wilson's bands the power to hold that property as a club over Germany, In the event that a new ne gotiation for the treaty with Ger- ( Continued on page 3 column 4.) TIKES CENSUS RECORD Washington. TJ. C. May 15 All records for increases in population as reported In the 1920 census were broken 'today by two Detroit suburbs. Hamtramck and Highland Park, which since 1910 have increased 1266 and 1031 percent, respectively. Au tomobile factory workers bought the towns and today the census bureau reported a population of 4S.H5 for Hamtramck and U.5J3 tor Highland Park. (Estimates based on the current city directory In Detroit place Its population at LOW,. Tie erasas figures have not been n iiijriiof inehlasd Park, the site of tin Pars! Motor company plant, is entirely within the city limits of Detroit, bnt is a separate manetpaltty. The same Is true of Hamtramck, the site of Dodge Bros.' plant.) Population or two other Detroit suburbs, both outside the city limits, also are reported, as follows: wyanootte. Allen, ll.su. increase 4564. or 51.1 percent. Ssorse township. Wayne county, Michigan.. 2J.511. increase 13,511. or 14S.S percent. This may be done. C N. BassetC president of the chamber of com merce redistributed the prospect cards at noon Saturday and the drive continued. FIRST U. S. MAIL PLANE LEAVES CHICAGO FOR WEST Chicago. TIL. May i. An aerial mail plane carrying 59 pounds of let ters left for Omaha at ISrSS a. m. This Is the first westward extension ot the service from Chicago. It is expected to maintain the service daily, except Sundays and holidays. Officials say the trip will take about five and a half hours. COBS TO UNIVERSITY CLtTB. J. H. Brown, for the past year as sistant manager of the Toltec dnb. has accepted the position of manager of the University club and took up his new duties Saturday. SfARTIX. fixes it far ri aor M.it r dally. The bill Increases the pay of all army field clerks to 22740 a year and does not reduce any salaries now paid such clerks above that amount. Pay of all naval warrant officers is in creased 2240 a year. Transportation to Dependents. An Important paragraph Is section 12, which provides that hereafter when any commissioned officer, non commissioned officer of the grade of coior sergeant or above in the army or marine corps, or any officer, war rant officer, chief petty officer oi petty officer in the navv havintr i wife or dependent child or children is ordered to make a permanent change of station the United States shall fur nish transportation to his new station to the wife or dependent child or chil dren. Transportation outside the limits of the United States shall not oe other than bv government trans Port service where It Is available. The navy is given the benefit of the law now applying to tne army and marine corps in the transportation of household effects in the case of en listed men. The new rates of pay are to apply to all now in the service during the current enlistment and to those who enlist or reenllst prior to July 1, 1222. ne tired Pay Not AfTrrted. The Increase of pay, being merely In the form of a temporary bonus. Is not to enter Into the computation of the retired pay of an officer or enlisted man retiring during its operation. The bill provides that five congress men and fire senators be named to investigate and recommend perma nent readjustment of the pay of of ficers and enlisted men of the several government services and report back to congress not later than January. 1922. This bill Increases the pay of all naval enlisted men, but in a specific way. flxintr an Increased rate of nay for each grade of service and being consequently quite lengthy. Good Work For The Common Benefit Coast and Mountain Time Battle Up to Rale Board WASHINGTON. D. C May 15. On petition of the public utili ties commission of Idaho, the interstate commerce commission today ordered further hearings to determine whether its o ers de fining the boundary line between the standard Mountain time zone and the standard Pacific time zone should be modified so as to In clude Idaho and portions of Ore gon and Washington in the Moun tain time zone. BANKERS DENY REBELS TAKE TOLL OF TILLS Chfliuatua City Banks Given Cojirteous Treatment By Revolutionists. THAT pert of the report in Friday's Herald on what this newspaper's Informants declared to be bolshe vistic conditions In Mexico which re ferred to the hanks in Chihuahua City owned by Rafael Calderon. Jr. and David S. Russek & Co, is declared to be Incorrect by Mr. Russek. who' Is in El Paso, and by K. Aeosta. Jr.. of Juarez, who represents the Calderon Interests. .Friday afternoon, when the report appeared. Mr. Aeosta called The Herald on the telephone and said that the Calderon bank had been asked for a list of its depositors, that the names might be checked. Mr. Aeosta was asked to forward a writ ten statement of conditions as he knew them to exist or as they had been reported to him on what he deemed reliable authority. Given Courteous Treatment. In response he wrote the following statement, dated May 14: In reference to Information which appeared today In your paper about "Bolshevism Seen In Mexican Rev olution." I desire to state that we have been unmolested and received but courtesies and attentions from Gen. Ignaeio C Earlquez. military commander of the liberal eonstrtn tlonalist army In the city of Cblhua hna and that the Information yon pakttahad regarding oar tlrm is not "At the same time that the first sews of peace and tranquility were received here from the American consul, z myself received & telegram from Mr. R. Calderon, jr- to advise bis family in Los Angeles, Calif, and SI Paso, -that everything was well and that he and family in Chihuahua, as well as oar business, were safe. i mat was on April s ana issi mw- ico North western lines. Since that time to this day I have been com municating with Mr. Calderon regu larly and he has reported to me only improvements in the conditions in Chihuahua City. Tfo Fercrd Loan. "I understand there were absurd rumors regarding a forced loan to be imposed on the merchants in Chihua hua City for a million Mexican pesos, but when we came to the facts, and the chamber of commerce of Chihua hua of which Mr. Calderon was a president, and sow is the treasurer, had a meeting with Gen. Enrique in which also were present many misers in Chihuahua City, was ac corded that no leans would be im posed to any of the merchants or the miners. "My firm represents also the Com pania M in era del M!rasol formerly The Cu?l Mining company, one of the largest njnlng companies in Chihua hua, and although I am sot aathor fsed by them to make any statement I know perfectly well that they have not been molested aor required any loans. "Regarding Mr. Russek X think that he has but to confirm what X state here, as he owes it to the Justice and true information and should make a statement correcting the informa tion you published. "I presume that this notice of the (Continued on page SO, column 3.) limb kills mm An unidentified Mexican, aonarent- ly about 50 years old. was Instantly : Kinea ai iu so ociock saturoay morn ing when be was struck by a truck of the Laurel Lumber company. The accident occurred in the 1100 block on Texas street- A boy was driving the truck. Coroner R. B. Rawlins viewed the body at the police emergency hos pital and decided that the death was a case of negligent homicide on the part of the truck driver. He ordered the arrest of the driver, who had sot been found by the police at noon. The Mexican's head was crashed, both legs broken and his abdomen crushed. Nothing was found In the man's pockets to Indicate who he was, his residence of where he worked. The body Is held at a local morgue, pend ing identification. Headliners In Todays Theaters ALII.tSIBRA Pantages, Vaudeville. nuou -"Adventurer." WllU-ia Farnum. BLI.ANAY "In Search of a Sinner." Con stance Talmadge. GRECIAN" "Upstairs," Mabel Konnaad. Itl.U.TO "The Toll Gate," WUHara S. Hart. CMQUE- "The Heart ot a Child." Xaztmova, WIGWAM Varied program. (Read Amusement Ads on Page 11) NERAL WORD FIGHT FOR EPOSED Message From Obregon Says First Chief Escaped, "WMle Liberal Consril in New York Tells of Private Dispatch Saying Deposed Leader Was Caught in Mountains; General Dies Fighting With Sword. A: BATTLS between Mexican troops under Gen. Praneisco Murgul. protecting president Carranza. and the Constitutionalists in the state of Puebla was reported In messages received oy Mexican revolutionary agents here today from Adolfo de la Huerta, supreme commander. The telegram said Murguia was at tempting to hold back the rebels while his chief escaped to the moun tains with an escort of 800 men. Rebel agents here said they be lieved Carranza had not been cap tured. No reports of Carranza's capture were received here from Nogales from where a report was sent to New York, Obregon Saya Carranza Eaeaped. Washington. XX C May X. Car ranza's escape from the revolutionary forces which attacked his troops near Bsperanza, was reported today by Gen. Obergos. In a message to revolutionary agents on the border which was for warded here, Obregon said the de posed president had succeeded in breaking through the revolutionary lines and. accompanied by a small es cort, was moving southward Into the mountains. Pursued By Rebels. The message added that Carranza was being pursued by the revolution ists. The recent information indicated that the fighting had not been as t vere as reported unofficially. Appar ently the revolutionary commanders had used tactics calculated to inflict the least possible loss. Carranza's chances of escaping cap ture were regarded as comparatively slight, largely because of his age and physical condition, which, it was be lieved will make it difficult for him to undergo the hard riding and ex posure he will be forced to face. Report Of Villa. Francisco Villa was reported in dis patches from the border to revolu tionary agents here today to have gone into the state of Dorango to persuaoe tne Arrieta brothers to join the revolution. The Arrieta brothers already have been claimed by the revolutionary leaders and It is asevmed reports that they had Joined the movement had set sea nearr oy viua, BJRIQCEZ ADVISES AGAINST JUAREZ GAMBLING COACBS5IOXS. "Make so csneeseions to the gam bling Interests, T'his Is the advice of Gen. Igaaeto Enriaoer. commander of the Chihua hua militia and candidate for gov ernor of that state, who has arrived Is Juarez to await the coming of Gen. P. Ellas Calles. Following the arrival of the latter a conference will be held with the Juarez officials, after whioh the party will go to Chihuahua City sad Mexico City. Gen. Ssriquez expressed disap proval when be was told that gam bling still was tolerate din Juarez and said that the sew aatigasibllag laws are to be enforced to the letter. STOCK DIVIDENDS TAX LOSES IN COMMITTEE, 7-7 Washington. D. C May llw A tax on stock dividends to raise money for the proposed soldier relief legislation was rejected today by the Republican members of the ways and means com mittee. The defeat came as a result of a tie vote, 7 to 7. QUAKE HITS UBINB. London, Eng.. May IS. An earth quake shook the plateau In the region of Cdlne yesterday, according to a Rome dispatch to the Exchange Tele graph. The people of several towns are camping out. the dispatch adds. No victims have bees reported up to the present. Sultan, Sore At Treaty, To Resign; Date Of Spa Parley Set For June 21; Reds Decree Work Day Of 24 Hours Cunar-AjrriAurLi& Turkey. Vay 1. By the Associated Press) The sultan will resign, in protest against the severity of the peace treaty, according to a rumor today, credited in many quarters. Aa-ree To Postpone Conference. Hythe. Bag-. Hay . By the As sociated Press). Premiers Uoyd Georee. of Great Britain, and Miller. and. of France, decided today that t-h Ono rnnf.r.m hIsL Wa. I w wuv .wLava vasjvw uv sua uia utrrrui3 should be postponed from May ii to June 21. Proclaim. Martial Law. Moscow. Russia. May 16. (By the Associated Press). A decree issued by the central executive committee, dated May 11, proclaims martial law ' Boy Wins Trip After Work Hours assT r - Jiaaaaasl Clifford Chapman. Photo by Brxmr. Boys who live is New Mexico, west Texas or Arizona, who would like to join the El Paso boys is camp should write for oar bis offer to out-of-town boys. SLAIN CHIEFTAIN tBRACRCZ. Mex, May 13 (By i V Associated Press) President Car ranza. who. with followers, has bee . fighting a battle against revolution ary forces near San Marcos five day? has escaped, at least temporarily, ar cording to dispatches from the batt zone early today. Accompanied by 1000 men. the presi dent broke through insurgent Ilne near Chalchicomula and is believed to be between Puebla and Oaxaca He left behind troops who still are fighting to delay pursuit. Monitions are Destroyed. Gens. Higinio Aguilar and Gnada loupe Sanchez, at the head of large units of revolutionary troons wer preparing for a grand attack Thurs day, according to a captain who ar rived here yesterday. Before fleeing Carranza Is said to have destroyed trains still held ly his troops, with war material t-o heavy to carry away. Rebels Take Prisonera. Serious fighting probab'y has oe curred silica Carranza left the bat tle zone, as dispatches say prison en have been captured by the attacking forces. Reports from Challchl Comula yes terday showed that Carranza's roer were working their way soJtheast ward. It would seem this novement may have been a part of the presi dents plan of breaking out of the trap, for it was on this side of the battle zone that Carranza escaped Fighting was reported about six miles from Challchl Com a la which meant an advance down the railroad toward this city of about 13 mile In the last few days. Sanchez Force Beaten. Gen. Sanchez threw his forces lnt the struggle late Thursday, bat was repulsed. Gen. Liberato Lira Torres, one e' the chief lieutenants of Gen. Sancfae was mortally wounded, receiving a sword wound la the neck. He was takes to Orizaba, where he died yes terday. Carranxa troops were well suppi'ej -with artiiXacy aasV machine guns and revolstfegferr infantry and cavalr met a serfset barrage of shells and bullets ss they advanced. Two of Carranza's trains wer burned, but after four hours of fight lug the insurgents retired. Heavy losses were inflicted on bot sides, this is reported in dispatches to SI Dictamea. More Vessels Arrive. The American transport Portland and the British cruiser Cambrian ar rived here today. Advices from the battlefield ar silent as to the safety of W. A- Body. British consul fat this city, and th two Americas citizens with Carranza when the fighting started early this week. (Dispatches late Friday gave the names of the Americans as J. H. Dure bucks. of the National City bank New York, a Morgan institution and J. C Pickwick, of Lever, Son and co?n pany. New York.) Carranza's Capture Reported. New York. May 16- Gen. Carranza and 800 men have - surrendered to the forces surrounding them in the Mexican mountains, according to word received here today by way of Nogales. This information was givec out bv Manuel de la Pens, commercial at tache la this etty of the new Mexican government. He said he had received his infor mation from Alfonso Almada. of th4 Mexican bureau of information, a: NojpUes. Sen. Santiago also surrendered wif Csrranxs, according to word received oy ae la iena in the provinces of central and sort. era Russia and Archangel. . The provincial executive coami teee are given full power to protec railways, military supplies, maga zines and depots and to control tele graphic and telephonic communioa tion. A wora: day ot Si hours in the ad ministrative offices is decreed asd measures are to be taken to stimu late the production of war material French To Quit Germany. Paris. Prance. May It By tha As sociated Press). Withdrawal of the French troops from the Frankfor and Darmstadt regions, it is under stood, already has begun, though forma) srder. for MmnutA in.ni. tton of this territory have not been Issued. "TimEH I first itarted to watt, I only seenred one ' subscription after raffing at mere than 100 places, so I gave up. YTnea I taM my mother I had joit, she said that I should sever start anything ( could sot finish to I west back to werlc asd coss iteted ray Hit asd am glad I did,' said Clifford Jbapraas, age 13, of 711 North EI Paso street. Clifford it an office bey at the City Rational bask. 10 the only time be sad te proems laeacriptioas was after work hoars. Ibis sees to show that it is as easy job, asd we will raake-asy1 boy is EI Paso tie same proposi tion we nude CKfferd, a two weeks' trip is Jose to the Y. Jf. C A. casip at Mountain Park, with afl expeases paid including transportation, board' and lodging, at the expesse sf The EI Paso Herald, For further particulars, call to see H. H. Frit, circula tion manager El Paso Herald.