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EL PASO HERALD
Cable News, Sport and Classified Section Cable News, Sport and Classified Section WEEK-END EDITION, MAT 15-16, 1920. ENGLAND PAVES WAY FOR IRISH FREEDOM TARVATION STALKS OVER MIDDLE EUROPE INWAKEOFGREATWAR Children Dying by Thousands in Austria, Hungary, Po land and Armenia; British Ask $20,000,000 for Imme diate Belief; Food Great 'Problem Pressing; Many Eefugees Stripped of Clothes and Left to Die. By FLOYD MAGRIFF. T ONDON. Eng., May 15. Continental Europe is today paying tie full price of the world war Children are dying hy &e hundreds m Austria, Hungary, Poland, Armenia and other stricken tbns of starvation. There is no food. They are naked. Their mothers xor thousands of them are bereft of fathers are without hope. These statements at made on tha - ,. autnonty or Barl Corson, foreign minister; xora Kotwrt Cecil, ex-under foreign minister. the archbishop of Canterbury, cardinal Bourne, lord M eardale and other prominent Britons who ere trying to raise I2. 000 OftO for Immediate relief. Thev say a gigantic monument of stars atlos 4s being erected In thou sands of towns and -villages of Eu rope "where millions of children are starring and dying. It is not a threatened calamity, but a frightful and active tragedy that Is being en acted now, minute by minute." Their joint statement says thou sands have died In the past few weeks and thousands more are on the point of dAath. o Children TTnder Seven Tears. ' Cruel cold and famine are stalking arr-ong these helpless mites. reads the appeal to Britain, "without cloth ing, without fires, without shelter. and spreading their miserable Agony far and wide. It Is a terrible fact that In some districts there Is not a child alive under the age of seven years." "Many of the poor refugees have been stripped of their clothes and left naked to die. Thousands of adults and children have not tasted any oor zral food for weeks. -put have existed on roots and leaves and dandelions. The olive-green color of their skin ghastly sufferings. These poor people mad with hanger have in some One Soldier Without Memory Remains in England's War Army London. Sag.. "Urn? I. There la tat one "lost" soldier left In the British army. In other words, there is only one unidentified soldier of all the British army during the war who is still in the hands of the war office authorities. The private intelligence depart ment, which has been entrusted with the establishing of the identities of soldiers who have lost their mem ories, has only this one failure to report. Those Interested in soldiers who have been unaccounted for are en couraged to send photographs and descriptions to the war office. The picture of the unidentified man will not be published, as the war office has found that such a proceeding has brought letters from a host of de spairing relatives who have merely imagined a likeness only to be dis appointed. Meanwhile the last of the "lost" soldiers Is remaining under treatment in the hope that be may at some time be abls to supply some clue to his Identity. Boatmen Opposed to Removal Nelsons Ship London. Eng, May 15 The "Vic tory." the ship on which Kelson fought and died, is to have another oyage and the watermen who make their living by towing visitors to and from the celebrated vessel are up in arms about it. The Victory is only going into a dock for needed repairs to the roasts and rigging, but the watermen have shown to the powers that be how they will lose for that time the reve nue which visitors dally gave them. Bo. Instead of keeping the ship in dock for a long time, she will only be there for about three weeks, and the other work necessary will be carried out at her moorings In Portsmouth har bor without Interruption to visitors. A large Influx of Americans Is ex pected m England this summer and Portsmouth is one of the "show places' tor such transients. The Vic tory is. of course, one of their Mec ca and the watermen would not con templates with much satisfaction the removal of the celebrated ship. There fore, the admiralty has hurriedly ar ranged for the return of the Victory as soon as possible to her proper moorings. Mother Dies While She Views Daughter's Body Macomb, III, May 15. Mrs. Fred A. Tost, of Crlvlty. Wis, was called to BushnelL near here, by the serious Illness of her daughter. Mrs. Ernest Neunaker. Before she could arrive her daughter died On viewing the body in an undertaking establish ment the shock was se great to Mrs. Yost It killed her. Rumania Facing Another Crisis In Politics As Radicals Oppose Premier Who Lost In Parliament BUCHAREST, Rumania, May IS. Rumania Is passing through an other of the many political crises she has expert'' ces since the armis tice. Gen Alexander Averesco, who was made premier by king Ferdinand In the middle of March, did not have a majority in the old parliament which the king dissolved at that time and he is belr.g opposed by several political parties in the new elections - choose a parliament to succeed the; on dissolved by the king. Promises have been made that Gen. Aeso wul establish order In the c'j-'ry, regulate tne railways, de mobilize the army, send the soldiers hack to the farms and eliminate dis cases eaten the flesh from the bones or weir flea a comrades. In some towns in central Europe were is no mux, no xats, no meats. Babies who are not fed bv their weak, "half -starved mothers have no lood but frost-bitten potatoes. In most cases they die. But far greater is the tragedy of those that live on to the appalling misery. eed Hoover's Work. The appetl is for the same kind of woric tnat uer&ert Hoover has been oerrying on to "Save the children." Think of the millions of little ones who are in immediate peril." exhorts the-appeal. Think of the blood ties of the terrible sacrifices we have made in the war that civilization might be spared, and think that now ra spite of ail the awxui axter xnath of war Is threatening the des tiny of mankind In this appalling fashion. Flague and disease, stunted, babies, shrivelled breasts, a sterile earth, hundreds of square miles of country. wiuout mine, ureao. meutcines, ana without clothing of any kind and. above alL the raunt and towering zigure or starvation snatcning names rrom their mothers arms ana claim ing victims every hour. jThis Is the tragedy, and today Is our great opportunity to stay Its course." Lord weardale Is chairman of the British "Save the children fund." Paris Dressmakers Design Daring Suits . For French Bathers "Paris, France. May IB. Whatever lfc Paris dressmakers trat on the 'backs of evening gowns for the com ing summer inejr nave taaen awaj from the backs of the bathing suits. The 1M season for Deasvlue and other beach resorts promises some of the most daring models for near mer maid's that the sands have ever seen. One big honse is showing a line of one-piece bathing salts that surpassed Imagination. The old "V" shaped back Is there, but the "V" Is Inverted. That is, there is a narrow opening at the back of the seek, crossed by a cord. The opening widens down the back, the aperture reaching its greatest width at the waist. To keep the wild, wild waves from washing the whole thing away there are a couple of cross straps. And as a compromise to the dress reformers the fronts of these bathing suits draw closely around the neck. The result will be that the old-time beach fan, looking from a distance, will imagine that a mermaid is emerging from the water, whereas she Is last entering. Another season novelty Is the painted braid. It will bo quite the thing to wear this braid as trimming for dresses. The very chlo person, say the dressmakers, will wear braid with the same kind of flowers around her dress, her parasol and even, upon her garters. A few of the big dressmakers con tinue to show trousers for women. thoueh they are ant to be seen onlv in mannequins at the races. All this summers designs are discreetly veiled by black net and then clasped to the ankle by a string of stones. French Organizations to Care For Grades Paris. France, May 15. Three French organizations, with large memberships, have united in a move ment the object of which Is to care for the remaining American dead in France and to assist relatives who come from the United States to visit soldier graves. An organization known as "French Homes" initiated the movement. The French. Red Cross and the Society of useratea villages nave Just an nounced their support and are solicit ing funds. The three organizations plan to es tablish permanent- posts In villages near each of the principal American cemeteries. These posts will be in charge of French women, speaking English, who will help locate graves and do everything to assist the visit ors as well as look after the care of the cemeteries themselves. PARROT SPBAK3 3 LANGUAGES. Paris, France, May 15. Paris news papers recently carried an advertise ment offering for sale a poll parrot, 14 years old. "speaking three lan guages." The owner states that he will only sell the bird to a family with children. honest officials who are said to have enormously Increased in number since the beginning of ,tue war. It is charged that political combinations have been made against him to pre vent him from carrying out his pro jects and that unless the new parlia ment supports his program he will be unable to put his reforms into effect. One of the parties opposing Gen. Averesco Is the Nationalists, whose opponents call them Bolshevik! and Communists. Dr. Vatda. premier of the recently deposed ministry. Is a member of this party. Work in go en's unions of all the large Industrial cftips are Raid to be In sympathy with the Nationalists in opposing Gen. Averesco These unions have de clared the'r adhesion to the third Internationale of Moscow. AERIAL EXPRESS OH GABLES IS PROPOSED Past Trains to Sun Sus pended in Air Suggested in Transport Problem. DECLAEESPLANES TO BE UNPOPULAR By XEUT05 C PARKS. QAJUS, France. May 13. Aerial navl f gatlon. not by means of planes or dirigibles, but by t rs suspended from cables, and capable of traveling at a high rate of speed, and some day solve the world's transporta tion problem, according to Henri Coanda, noted French engineer. Coanda, who Is well versed In avia tion, does not believe that airplane travel can ever be made safe enough to appeal to the general public. Travel by dirigibles will always present some elements of danger, he adds, and will be too costly to become popular. In consequence, he suggests the estab lishment of great cable lines, con necting the principal cities of the world, from which trains of cars the size of ordinary railway coaches, but much lighter, will be swung, with ca pacity for several hundred passengers each. After Tears of Study. The French engineer has spent sev eral years studying the problem, de voting himself principally to the aerial cable lines used so much by the Italian and Austrian armies in fight ing In the Alps. Tiny cars swung from cables were employed to carry men and munitions to, and from high mountain peaks. Coanda suggests that these cars be equipped with wings similar In form to those of airplanes, and that they be equipped with motors which will drive them through the air at more than loo miles an hour. Instead of having them drawn by moving cables as on some of the Alpine aerial roads. The cables would remain stationary and Insure the safety of. the passen gers In case the motors stalled. "Would Use Block Signals. His scheme contemplates an elabo rate system of sidings and block sig nals slmlliar to those In use on Amer ican railways for his cable high ways. The cables themselves would be suspended from tall metal towers. Coanda proposes that this plan be given a trial over a distance of SO or SO miles and he has written the prefect of the denartxnent of the Alpes-Hari times, soliciting his aid. If the experiment should prove success ful he would ask the French govern ment to erect an aerial cable line from Paris to Nice to transport visitors to xne iuviera. The Riviera officials, though doubting the feasibility of the scheme In other portions of France, believe that it may be successful In Unking up Nice and Monte Carlo with some of the nearby mountain resorts. They are now studying the plans drawn by Coanda to determine the cost of a trial. Leltland Forms Union ' of 3 Federal Stales Dvinsk, Lettiand, May 16. The United States of Lettiand is the new est republic formed amid the snows of Baltic Europe. Independence was declared In Lettiand a few weeks ago after the combined Lettish and Polish armies reestablished a stable government in Dvinsk. The republic Is a federal union of tne three states. Courtland. Letteal- 11a and Livonia. Riga, on the Baltic is tne political capital of Lettiand. and will be starred as such In this year's maps of Europe. Dvinsk is the industrial cenier. Before the war Dvinsk runnlled all Russia with Its leather products and furniture, as well as soap and matches. One of the largest locomo tive works in old Russia, had five lactones here. But none of the fac tories are running today. If the United States of Lettiand could put its industries Into working order to day, the republic would be the rich est nation in the world of its size. but a series of unstable governments nas guxiea tne country, ana a great portion of Lettiand lives through the assistance of friendly nations. Dvinsk Itself Is practically kept alive by the American Red Cross, which entered Immediately after the Polish army. The city is fed throuh its Polish commission and the Amer ican Relief association, and 12.SS school children are given a hot meal of American food at their schools. Germany Still Well Supplied With Cannon London. Eng May IS. The German eagle's fighting feathers have not been so plueked that she Is no longer a fighting bird. She has, in fact, 14460 field guns and 36,246 aeroplanes quite suffi cient for a healthy scrap against any on? of her neighbors and sufficient to meet the needs of any aspiring militarist group in Germany. The figures are those of the British war office, which lists the German guns as follows: Six thousand five hundred field guns. 960 heavy guns and 2866 field howitzers. And besides these there are Ger man guns on her eastern and south ern frontiers. Under the armistice, Winston Churchill points out, Germany was allowed to keep 4125 guns and howitzers, but there has been great difficulty in getting Germany's arms reduced to the proper proportions. There remain 38W guns to be handed over to the allies for destruction, thus making total surrenders 17.806 guns. A large number of Germany's aeroplanes are said to be unfit for war purposes. The rest of the task of disarming Germany Is in the hands of the su preme allied commission. which Churchill believes is doing the best possible. German Charge Meets Diffu iculties in London' London. En?- May 16. Dr. Sthamer. the German charge In London, is having great difficulty In establish ing the German embassy here because London tradesmen refuse to bid for the work of outfitting the em bass v. This Is attributed to widespread dis like for Germans resulting from the war. but the German diplomat pro fess to be unable to understand this feeling against them. Five-Day Trips In 15 Minutes With Plane In Peaks Of Peru LONDON, Esg, May 13. Establishment of an aerial route from the Pacific ' to the Amazon as a means of surmounting difficulties of road travel among the Andes, is advocated by G. M. Dyott, until recently a sqnadron commander of the British royal naval air service. "Pern," he said, "is peculiarly suitable for aerial traffic Aerial high ways will undoubtedly pjay a large part in the future development of that country. It is of importance that rapid communication should be established between the interior and the coast and to do this the airplane must come to the rescue." Discussing the difficulty of traveling by road, Mr. Dyott said it took him five days to travel from one part in the Andes to another, whereas the airplane would cover the distance in 15 minutes, and in another stage of the journey it took him exactly a week to travel a distance which would be negotiated by the airplane in 30 minutes. GRIPFUL MAKES ALMOST $1 Rich Eussian Eefugees in Black Sea, Have to Have Big Trunks, Packing-Boxes and Barrels in Which to Keep Their Small Change, With an American Dollar Worth 4000 Rubles. ON BOARD UNITED STATES DESTROYER, Black Sea, May 15. Russian mosey is one of the cheapest of Russian products. It is literally dispensed in bales. The old-fashioned pocketbook no longer is sufficiently large to carry one's daily or weekly supply of rabies, of which one American dollar will buy about 4000. In normal times the ruble bad an exchange value of about half a dollar. There Is a colony of millolnalre Russian refugees in Yalta, a Black sea port, who have to keep their cur rency in trunks, boxes and barrels. The kopek has long sinoe disap peared as a standard unit In Russian money. In Yalta, smaller denomina tions of rubles scarcely exist. Peo ple Dra&aiBQ eon ana le.vos runic notes as tnousn tney renresentea only a few farthings. Xo Hunger or Distress. A corresoondent of the Associated Press who made a tour of the Black sea towns on board the American destroyer. Smith-Thompson, in April. ionna xaita xo oe unique among ail the cities on the Black sea. It Is the only place in southern Russia where one does not see hunger or distress. At one time it was the summer home of the czar. Nicholas. The Bolshevik! have obtained con trol of it, but have spared the tine Imperial palace with its sumptuouus gardes and decorations of regal grandeur. There were upward of 26,000 Rus sian refugees In Yalta when the cor respondent visited the city, but the majority of these were welltodo and able to take care of themselves. In Syracuse Girl Flees Terrors Of Red Russia Theodosia. Crimes, May It After two years of hardship and adventure In soviet Russia, Miss Elizabeth Hoi- llger, of Syracuse, X. Y., has made good her escape through the south Russian zone of hostilities and reached safety at the American Red Cross refuge here. She Is one of thousands of refugees who are now crowding the shores of the Blaek sea seeking an exit through "Russia's back door. Miss Holliger, who has resided for the past 20 years in Russia, was liv ing at Kieff when the town was oc cupied by the troops of tha soviet array, jrearing violence, sne lext aer home and hid for days In the local cemetery, visiting by night the dwell ing of some humble friend who se cretly provided her with food. Eventu ally her hiding place was discovered and she was arrested. On account of her nationality, she was immediately released and allowed to return unmo lested to her home, but forbidden to leave the region. "Conditions soon became unbear able at Kieff." says Miss Holliger, "so i escapea at tne itrst opportunity. Traveling on foot and suffering reatly from fatigue, cold and hunger, managed to evade arrest and to reach Ekatarlnodar. From Ekatarl nodar I walked to Novorossisk. At Novorossisk Miss Holliger ar rived in a state of complete exhaus tion, numbed with cold and half starved. She has now almost recov ered from her trying experience and ia temporarily employed here as a Russian Interpreter. She plans short ly to return to her home, in Syracuse. "Russia, during the past two years," she says, "has been a terrible night mare. I never want to see It again. All I desire Is to efface forever from my memory the events of the last 24 months. Hoarding Causes Coin Shortage in Austria Vienna, Austria, May 1S There is hardly a silver or gold coin to be had In Vienna, owing to hoarding. In an effort to bring them back GREAT BRITAIN LEADS AMERICA IN MERCHANT SHIP LONDON. EHf?-. May 15. Great Britain today baa on her ahlpways nearly half of the tonnage under construction thronehoat the whole world. The United States la second, and Is steadily falling behind Bng land. Here are the world's comoaratlTe shipbuilding figures, as compiled by Lloyd's ap to April 1: Great Britain. 3.194,000 tons: United States. 2.573.000 tons; rest of the world. 1.974,000 tons. To show how shipbuilding in Eng land has "come back." this table is sufficient Britain's output in 1919. I.ftSO.MZ tons, under construction today, !,394, OOOtona United States' output in 1919. 4 075.- 385 tons: under construction in United States. 2 573,000 tons Thus the United States today is about 900,000 tons behind Great Brit ain. The United States yards are building 535 vessels, as compared to England's 865. of which 237 are be tween 5000 and 10,000 tons each and 62 are betw een 1 0A0 ard I Z 090 tons Italy has increased tonnage under construction by 41.M00 tons, amount ing in all to 355.000 tons Holland shows an increase of 38,000 tons at OF MONEY a Colony at Yalta, Port On anticipation of a Bolshevik invasion, many of them were preparing to leave for Constantinople, France and England. Peddle Their Baubles. Those who were temporarily short of money were pedlllug their dia monds and Jewels at a fraction of their cost. Every second store In the town was a clearing house for valuable furs, rugs, trinkets and oth er personal possessions. SebastopoL the chief city of the Crimea, had 36.090 refugees, but most of them were satisfied to re main, as they felt Sebastopol was comparatively secure from the Bol shevik L There seemed to be ample food for the population, but the hos pitals were short of vital necessi ties. In the area north, of Novorossisk. running as as far as Kuban, there are said to be 566,060 refugees who were forced to fits from their homes in Kursk. Poltava, Kiev, Kharkov and other cities. Throughout the towns of southern Russia tiiere Is a general prevalence of typhus, due to overcrowding, lack of soap, scarc ity of phys leans and indifference to cleanliness Pretty Dancer Ends Her Life With A Hatpin Budapest. Hnsgary. May is. Tnsl Kaczos. a pretty Hungarian dancer, alter attempting the life of a police officer, stabbed herself to death today In trag!o clrcsmstanees In the central Hungarian police station. On learning that her lover, Mllclos ehner, had been arrested on a charge of being concerned In a plot to re-es- tabllsh the soviet In Hungary, she ob tained permission to visit him -while he was undergoing a preliminary ex amination in the police station. After an affectionate greeting she asked the detective in charge of the case if sne mignt speax to mm ajone for a momeBt. He assented. After protesting her lover's Inno cence and pleading In vain for clem ency, she said: hen it means be will die, or at the best suffer lifelong imprisonment? "I am afraid It is so," answered the police officer. Kaczos thereupon pulled out a revolver she had hidden In her dress and leveled It at the detec tive. But he was to Quick and dis armed her before she could pull the trigger. fVhlle waiting to be removed into custody she pulled out a hatpin and pressed it into her heart, where it broke off short but not before a mor tal wound bad been Inflicted. into circulation the government Is paying 23 paper crowns for each silver crown and X5 in paper for each one of gold. An Illustration of the barter basis on which Austria now finds itself as far as Internal trade Is concerned, was given at a meeting this week of the representatives of the Peasants' associations, together with aerasrfan members of the assembly, when re proached for not allowing food to come to Vienna, they offered to col lect the surplus food supplies In the hands of the peasants through their own agencies ana deliver it to tne central scovernment In exchange for agricultural Implements and such articles as they stand la need of. They reiusea to consicer payment in Aus trian money. CONSTRUCTION 366,000. France has an Increase of 3,000 tons at 240.0OO. Japan Is build ing 285,900 tons of shipping and Can ada 157.000 tons. On April 1. 1919, the world's ship building stood thus: England, 2.222,449; other countries. 5,189.916. Tbus England has reduced her ship building deficiency, compared to tfc rest of the world, by more than three to one. Compared with figures of six years ago. the total ship construction work In the British Isles has been Increased by 1.503,000. while tonnage building abroad has advanced l,6,00 tons. The most interesting aspect of ship construction is the advent of the internal combustion engine. In which Scandinavian countries lead. The United States shipping board has con verted a number of coal burning steamers into motor propelled craft. Italy also is adopting this system to overcome coal difficulties. All to gether, there are 151 motor ships un- uer construction. Some Scandinavian concerns say j they hae tut their operating a-( petises by 50 percent by instalation of the Diesel engine Experts figure that sucb ships eventually will domi nate tha seas. I UTS TO SEND DUBLIN GASTLE TO SCRAP PILE Sir Horace Plunkett Says That Is First Step to Pacify Erin. . SAYS FORCE USE PEOVOE33S CRIME By FLOYD JUCnBT. TMJBLm. Ireland. May IS. Sir Hor- U ace Plunkett has outlined for the Manchester Guardian his plan for settling the Irish question. Plunkett declares the old Bagllsh machlnerr of coercion must be abol ished, political prisoners released, and In place of Dublin castle rata let there be set up a provisional govern ment consisting exclusively 01 iron men. "If I were given plenary powers today," he said, "tha first thing I would do would be to scrap the Dub lin castle rule. The first fundamental thing to do is to gain an entire change of atmosphere and psychology m Ireland, tsui tnat nas oca bow nn mnrt nt sarreement between north and south Ireland or with England can be reached. Get. Oa Erta". Server "The continual application of coer Minn th noliev of Dublin castle which Is as provocative of crime as it is lnexxectnai to prevent it, aas strained Ireland's nerves unendnrably. This nervous tension must be relaxed and a new confidence created." Plunkett said there was no need for a complete withdrawal of the Hnglish army provided that the army ceased to do police work. He said the army could be used as formerly as a garrison holding strategic points against the foreigner, but not against the Irish. "In the place of Dublin castle rule a provisional government should be set up consuBing excnravBiy 01 n men charged with the maintenance of order," Plunkett stated. "If it were generally understood that this gov ernment was Irish, and was maintain ing Irish law. it would receive general suport in its temporary task. The Irish are orderly if let alone. Ulster va. Sinn Feta. "Then Ireland should proceed to elect a national constituent assnbly which should be charged with fram ing the Irish constitution. Two nolnts of doubt Immediately arise Ulster and Sinn Fein. I do not believe Ulsters attitudo would Be obstructive, provided there was a willingness on the part of south Ireland to give guarantees and provincial rights and securities to Ulster. As to Sinn Fein It is difficult to predict what they will accept, becaas. the British gov ernment has denied them all means of self expression. A persecuted gov ernment, driven underground, natur ally swings to the radical. But If political persecution ceased there might be a strong reaction to the right (conservative). In this case Sinn Fein might accept the constitu ent assemoiy as neing an man insti tution and help frame th new con stitution. "What is really vital Is the resur rection of confidence, and this can only be done by the closing down of uuDim casus rule, as now understood. In the poisoned air of today there can be no healthy growth. Coercion and crime work in a vicious circle. Worse To C.me. "Premier Lloyd George's bill has made the atmosphere rather worse than better, because It has shown that Bngland was very carefn' about its Dledges to the Irish minorttv of Ulster, and very lax about it pledges m ui. inu majority, ox tne eouta ana west. Of course, my suggestions are merely tentative." Plunkett believes the whole situa tion will get much worse before It starts to get better. Drift and coer cion, be thinks, will continue. He believes that the Lloyd George scheme, giving Ulster six counties, amount to what win become a perma nent partition, subject to gerryman dering: that Ulster will try to work the scheme of government and be commended for its virtue, and that the sooth will reject it and be acoldsd for its sins. As the prospect darkens," said Sir Horace, "foreign and colonial oninion and pressure will bear more and more upon tne wrasn govern-nent and drive It to reconsider its ouuook on the whole Irish question. Then we may become hopeful of some genuine attempt at Tettlemeat." 12 French Aces Still Serving With Army Paris. France, May 15. Of 36 French heroes credited with 10 or more enemy planes during the war. IS remain in the French army, seven are engaged In commercial pursuits, four have returned to college, one is . uiievivnary, ura tne ouiers are scat tered on farms or in factories. Captain Fonck, leading ace of the allied armies, with 76 planes to his credit, is a member of the French chamber of deputies and also directs a business dealing specially with au tomobiles and aeroplane motors, lieutenant Kbngesser. who shot down 41 German planes or ballon s, is in business. Sous-Lieutenant Bo ur jade, with Jh victories to bis credit, is do- ib aaiHHiry wora among tne na tives of the Sunda Islands. Sous- ioo tenant nogues was killed in & football game. Sous -Lieutenant Her belln Is engaged in newspaper work at Nancy. New Mineral Known as Granuliie Used in Glass London, Eng May U. The Ameri can chamber of commexce in London announces the discovery of a material called granulite. which Is of the first Importance In the manufacture of glass- The material la a composite of silica, potash, soda and alumina, and Is to be found in large quantities on the northern border of Dartmoor. near O keh amp ton. It Is declared that by using this new mineral it will be possible for British manufacturers to make glass bottles cheaper than they can be made anywhere else In th wnrlri. The cost of the material la less than a ton, in comparison with the price of fio per ton for the cheapest ma terial used at present. A syndicate has been formed and two furnaces are beta built The manufacture of glass on a commer cial ;calA will he si-ted r one. ard as the supply of granul'te Is Dractlcallv unlimited the nroinotera have high hope of success. ENTIMENT AS WORLD TRONG DISAPPROVAL Spectacle of Entire People Sullenly Eefusing to Be Gov erned Is Having Slow but Inevitable Effect, Despite Dislike and Prejudice of English; Irish Must Ee frain From Attacks if They Win Independence. Br JOHN LLOYD BALDERST0N. T 0ND0N. Eag., May 15. Irish independence, granted on terms perhaps as generous as taose wnkh insure "free Cuba" under the general super vision of the United States, is a probab&y of the comparatively near future. In the face of the passive resistance of a whole people to alien rule, England is slowly, but very certainly, weakening. Public Filing Chang. The sensational statement made above is merely an opinion of the writer. Xo concrete evidence can be brought forward that it is true. It rests upon a general and evident change in public feeling, that a re porter who has lived among the English much of five years and come to know them cannot help but sense. Premier Lloyd George undoubtedly has already correctly sised up the Sinn Fein movement. He can ap praise popular opinion as well or bet ter thaa anv man llvlBsr. and h knows that Ireland outside of Ulster can never again peacefully settle down under English rule. The prime minister must, however, before aet- Ung. make sure that the bulk of his own people are back or htm in right ing an historic wrong. Since the 1010 rebellion, southern Ireland has successfully defied Brit ish control in spite of the army on a war footing maintained In the island. The methods used to "make govern ment impossible" are familiar: they; include refusal to pay taxes, refusal to recognize English magistrates, boycott of English banks and mer chants, constant sabotage, and suf ficient serious plotting to keep the authorities always on the jump, al ways ready for serious trouble. Bitterness Increased. These tactics have not made Ire land more popular in England. The terrorist campaign of murder against "traitorous" Irishmen, notably mem bers of the royal Irish constabulary, his Increased the bitterness felt by the ordinary Englishman against the men who shot down soldiers without warning In the streets of Dublin In Easter week, plotted with Germany, and refused to volunteer for the army or accept conscription. This almost universal lU-feeliag against Ireland was never more wide spread than today. Tet as I have said I think England Is weakening. The reasons for this, and the dangers still in the path of the Irish cause, win be briefly Indicated. The Encliih. from their little lalaniL have conqnered much of the world t like the Romans, they are n successful governing race, and that means they govern with Inlelllgenee. moderation aad com mon sense. They have completely and lamentably failed In Ireland and they know It. But they have not failed so badly as Germany or France mleht have failed In similar circumstances. They have acted with studious moderation throughout these trying years. Time after time, when feellnc In Dubl In was so stroner that nothtnz couia prevent an ouioreas out sur- renoer oy tne casue authorities, tne castle with Its tanks and machine guns and airplanes and Its leeions has yielded to unarmed mobs. The most recent and most striking instance vet recorded happened when all southern Ireland went on general strike to secure the freedom of hunger-striking Sinn Fein prisoners In Moontjoy prison. Mobs surrounded the Jails, engines of war and helmeted sol diers were hastened to the scene. Bonar Law firmly announced in the house of commons In London that the prisoners would under no circum stances be released. Lesson to England. It soon became clear that deaths in that prison would set Ireland on tire. There would be no danger to the British army, massacres of almost unarmed men by machines and sol diers would result. But that genius ror compromise, for surrender at the right time, that has preserved the British empire, came into play Just before It would have been too late. xne government surrendered uncon ditionally, the men were sent home. Ireland went back to work. It has been a lesson for England. that strike. More and more It is being said, tuletly axtd timidly, "They are rignc we cannot govern oy xorce and force only If the whole country holds out against us." Several men, in strictest confidence, have recently admitted to me that England will withdraw her troops from southern Ireland, probably safe guarding unionist Ulster, as soon as British opinion will stand the move. The names of two of those men would cause a sensation If published. This view Is not confined to liberals or old borne rulers, and suggestions that "we get out of Ireland and let them cut each other's throats if they like" are increasingly heard In crosted Tory circles. The present trend of opinion here ts a moral triumph for the directors of Si nu Fein policy. Th ey have tackled their lob, since the IMC tragedy, with profound knowledge South American Lecturer Amazed That Most Of People In The U. S. Believe Argentinians Half Breeds BTENOS AIP.Ea Argsntlna, May IS. After visiting rarions parts of tha United States and lecturing at several American universities. Alejandro Bangs, director general of statistics In Argentina and one of tne Argentina representatives at the Pan American financial congress, re turns to Bnenos Aires, astonished that so little is known in tha nitit Stales about his country. The Idea is still generally preval ent among North Americans, ha says, that Argentina Is Inhabited by halt breeds, negroes and Indiana "Naturally- he told a reporter for the Razon. "in banking, industrial arid tummercuU circles, they know us as a great and rich country and with a great future But outside these cr cle Xhe aeneralltv of oeonle di pn( I know us. In no other nay ran be ex- I CHANGE SHOWS ITS knowledge of the workings of the English mind. Sinn Fein Shew Discipline. Only an investigator who has looked into Irish affairs repeatedly in recent years can appreciate the amazing self discipline Sinn Fein has shown, on tre whole In spite of terrorist outbreaks by a minority. It would be easy e -ery day to cut off and kill isolated British detachments, to rise and cap ture a small town or a garrison, in flict heavy loss and scatter But these things are not done. British soldiers are almost sever attacked, the men. assassinated are Irishmen and not Englishmen. This is state policy on the part of Sins Fein, and excellent policy it is. Once shoot down British soldiers sad the fighting spirit of Ergland is up Then goodby Sinn Fein, and Irish as pirations, for a generation will be sti fled In blood. English opinion will (im prove stern methods of terrorism only If Englishmen are attacked first, but a Sinn Fein rising will put an end to all the present drift toward surrender to what la only moral pressure. That Is the danger before Ireland that her hotheaded sons will strike before the policy of patience has attained Its aim. Caglaad Is rapidly approaching the mood of snrreader, but unfor tunately the moderate Sinn Fein leaders are havtas; mere and more difficulty In keeping their farces la check. If England does give way to the Irian, how will she do so? The an swer can only be guesswork, as sha has not yet admitted to herself that she Intends to yield. My own guess is that when the surrender cones. it will be complete. England will say some day. It may be this year or next always provided there is no fighting with her troops, err welL Tou ar more bother than you are worth. On and after such a day, you can run your own affairs to suit yourseU es only don't cross the Ulster frontier " Fears "Yew "World Opinion. If Irishmen do not spit each other on pikes, but settle down and pro duce an orderly republic England win probably be the first to laugn ruefully and admit that the joke is on her, while Ulster, who now clamors for protection and the preservation of the union, will Join the south and form a united country. If England is right, she may have to interfere again to end the anarchy that will fol low her withdrawal. But she is corn ing to see, I think, that her position in the world would then have changed much for the better. Once England shows her good faith by gett-ng- out and giving the Irish a fair chanc to make good their claims. American and dominion opinion oit alter rv much, whatever subsequent interven tions may be found necessary Eng land Is very anxious. Just now about American and dominion opinion, and recognizes that most of the ill feeling against her Is caused by the Irish muddle. Is a dispatch from Dublin som days ago I discussed at length ti terrorist branch of Sinn Fein, th dreaded Irish Republican Brotherhood and showed how it is seeking to cor trol all Ireland by assassinations s.nd threats. But there are othr an! much larger parts of the Sinn Fein movement that space did not permit me to deal with I am able to pre sent here an analysis of the Sinn Fein movement as at present existing drawn up by a competent Irishman The analysis follows: "It is customary to sum up unde" the Inclusive term Sinn Fein all the complex forces, intellectual and -notional, creative and disroot I v. D?ace- Lful and violent, which are manifest in xne ten wing ox insn politics todaj The name Sinn Feiner is appuea loosely In England to all who repu diate both British rule in Ireland ard the methods and ideals of the od Par liamentary Nationalist party Bet th( simplification is seriously inaccurate Four Clements at Work. "An analysis of the big leftward drive In Irish politics reveals four ele ments at work. There is the Gaeli league, now suppressed, a cultural so ciety which has undoubtedly give ideas and inspiration to the &eparat's leaders; there is Sinn Fein proper which Is in essence an orderly politi cal party: there are the Volunteer;: who form the military wing; and there ts organised labor as the industrla1 force. "The Gaelic leairne has been tla-or. ous for about a quarter of a centurv. with Dr. Hyde as Its moving spirit Its object has been to arouse inter est In the national culture, to remind men of the vast treasure house of Cn tl sued en Page 16 Column 5 Plained tha astonishment that was expressed by many persons on num erous occasions to loans from the Ar getlne delegates that the msjorltv of oar population la of the whit, race. It la believed that th these re gions the dominating element Is mez tizo (mixture of Spanish and Indian) and that there are many negroes and mulattoa. "Happily, a group of bankers and distinguished men have undertaken the task of making known to their compatriots through disinterested propaganda the truth about Argen tina and the promise of its future." Argentine government sta't'es shtw that nearly so percent of the 8 000.000 Inhabitants of Arge-t.ai are pure Caucasian, a larger p-epor- tlon tran exists in the Cmted States rr t 1. .. .. .... . public.