hter of the Innocents
' Three ltd & Mlf wSiM tM&tta eU to tie heart
aad reteerce America for these dairy spftf, Mt
afaSaWe k fteif ewn cttmtriel, that art vital to out
Mrriral asd to the rtbuUdrnf of theif phyikal wefl
fctkf.' "OiB rMrce wiH be ethaarfed k Jaassry.
"We asset not step awJi aad permit the spectre of
death, k ffce feranef lweer aad cold, to hisfit these
hilpleit oaet Ait wittier, yet we eamwt ceataae with
eetkelp, "Tiu j a cbarge oa eh Aaeric&a heart, tai Amer
ka tssaet f ai! k her sofckkade for these Me oc.
Twesij-tkee miitea daSira mail be raited wili
est tWay, ted rme&feerag tie n:tf heart job pat into
fte CMea for ReKef k Beigiem k the dark boars
of IMS, t toae to job again
(Signed) HERBERT HOOVER.
From a Letter to The Literary Ufcesl
In immediate mponscthe following edUorid Was published in The
Liteary Diged of Otiobtr SOlh:
SEN JESUS CHRIST GAME UPON THE earth,
nearly two thousand years ago, to save an man-T-:rJ
ttio mnro onfnincr sppitiprl to interfere with
lUllUj A -.AO " . , j
the material interests of a few people -of that period,
notably King Herod, who promptly decided to dispose
of this Interloper," and sent forth his soldiers with or
ders to Slav all the children of two years old and under.
Thus was consummated the most atrocious crime
aplnat innocent childhood ever committed up to that
mae. It has come down to us through all the ages m
song and story, and master painters' have pictured it on
Today passing in review, as we look out through the
Window of our comfortable homes in this great and
Siapjy tend, are three and a half millions of helpless
irMdrem the innocent victims of the greatest war that
has ever afflicted humanity. It matters not, as we gaze
itt the direction of these children, that our eyes must
gtref ch across three thousand miies of ocean, we still
can see them and we still can hear them, if we Wish to
do o and we cannot help hearing the tragic appeal in
thiir voices and seeing their tiny arms stretched out to
tti and their searching eyes looking into our souls as
tbfr Sfty "Help us, or we perish." And if we fail to
Jfeteft to this great call of three and a half millions of
God's helpings dhildren; if we close our eyes and ears to
this great demand of duty, We shall be just as guilty of
tiie "slaughter of the innocents" as was Herod, nearly
two thousand years ago.
In these lands, swept by death and billed .with trage
dies too deep for tears, a sum of human suffering is be
ing written greater perhaps than for all ages gone by.
Thi mind grows numb and the heart sick from con
stant recital of tales of such tragedy as it is difficult to
brieve the twentieth century could hold.
And SO, when we received a letter from Mr. Hoover
telling lis that America must not allow death in the form
of hunger and cold to come to these 3,500,000 helpless
children, our soul was stirred and the hot blood surged
up itt our heart We felt it was our imperative duty to
use all the power God has given Us to aid this noble
hearted American in continuing the work of saving
human ftveS to Which he has devoted unsparingly, and
at great personal sacrifice, his tremendous energy and
administrative genius during the past six years, in which
time he and his American colleagues have administered
two billions of dollars of relief funds from all parts of
the world with a total overhead expense of only three
eighths of one per cent, with no remuneration to the
American directors. Now he asks us all to help save
the children who are in imminent danger of starvation
this coming winter.
There they are, in the midst of wrecked homes, and
farms, and factories; in cities crowded with masses of
refugees without sustaining food for children, through
the destruction of livestock; seeds for planting, raw ma
terials, tools, and machinery gone; great areas with ev
erything burned, or looted, or smashed; vast unemploy
ment for workers; no means of subsistence; a land of
economic ruin, of mutilated life, and lingering death,
nd in the midst of it all the little children.
In long lines they are waiting at the American food
kitchens. Will the food be there for them? Will they
be turned away? There are no happy, healthy faces in
those lohg lines not- one. You have Seen rags and
barefooted children, but 'never so many little boys and
girls literally dressed in tatters. Soon it will be very
cold, and for those bare little feet and legs and arms
there is nothing at home to put on.
Hollow faces and shrunken bodies are so common
that their rear condition does not become evident until
we inquire more closely, and then we find that most of
them are from one to five years Back in their growth.
Children of eight years old have not reached the normal
size of two and a half. They are just learning to stand
alone. Others almost as old cannot yet stand on their
feet Their arms, and legs, and spines, and chests are
twisted and warped. The flesh and skin are shriveled
on their bones. It is surprising that life can still exist
there. If they can have food they will gradually regain
their health and strength, but with most of them it is a
question of now or never. Starvation and tuberculosis
will not wait
In Poland alone a million five hundred thousand
such children must be cared for. In Latvia and Esfhonia
the people are living mostly on a diet made from potato
flour, oat-flour, and sawdust In Czecho-Slovakia, in
Hungary, in Austria, and in other countries of central
and southeastern Europe, two millions more are in dire
need of food; and who stops to ask regarding creed, or
race, or nationality when a little child is starving? Chil
dren are just children the world over. And the great
American heart is big enough to care for them all.
But the appeal now is not for all. The three and a
half millions of children in immediate danger of starva
tion, if this organization fails, who must have food at
once, are only a fraction of the total number. The hun
gry children of those destitute countries have been ex
amined by competent physicians, and only those whose
wasted little bodies are reduced to the minimum weight
and whose endurance of hunger has reached the end
which merges into actual starvation, are admitted to
the American kitchens and given one meal a day. It is
hard to turn away thousands of hungry boys and girls
to hear them ask pleadingly, "Do I weigh too much?"
"Am I not thin enough?" "Can't I come any more?"
But this restricting of food to the extreme cases is com
pulsory, because there isn't enough for all.
And these neediest ones cannot reach the totchg
through the cold winds and the snow barefooted and m
the pitiful rags which form only a partial covering for
their bodies. They must have clothes. Each outfit con
sists of one pair of warm woolen stockings, one pair or
boots, and a-little overcoat' This one meal a day, and
these boots, stockings, and little coats can be supplied
only if we give them. If we do not, the slaughter of the
innocents by cold and starvation will be appalling.
Among the more than two million men and women
who will read this page there is not one there cannot
be a single one whose heart will not respond gladly
and eagerly to the challenge of this great need. We
are asked, you with us, to co-operate with Mr. Hoover
in raising twenty-three million dollars to feed and clothe
these children and save them from death this winter.
It can be done. It shall be done! THE LITERARY DI
GEST knows its readers and the deep earnestness, the
quick sympathy, the great-hearted generosity they al
ways show when any real human need calls to them.
You have never been called upon in vain. We are count
ing on you now with great confidence. We know,
also, how truly you represent the American spirit,
which beats in the hearts of a hundred and three million
more in this big land of plenty, a spirit which leaps ready
at every such call, and is never weary in well-doing. We
are not a hermit nation, isolated from the world, when
suffering and want cry out to us from anywhere under
the sun. A great, a beautiful and heart-slistaining hope
supports these stricken people America will come to
their relief. For in the far places of the earth, where
famine stalks, one name and one alone is synonymous
with rescue and hope and that name is America.
The small individual unit of ten dollars will provide
the coat and boots and stockings and one meal a day for
one child this winter. We urge our readers we urge
every one whose eyes are on these words to give quick
ly as many of these units as possible, to buy for them
selves -that precious and priceless thing, the Hfe of a
little child as many of them as they can, and every one
will be a sliining star in an eternal crown. It was the
Divine Love of little children, who came to earth as a
little child, and who reigns now as the Bang of Glory,
who said, "Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the
least of these, ye have done it unto me." He does not
forget, nor fails to reward
So deeply do We ourselves feel the urgency of this
great needi knowing all the facts, that we should feel a
heavy burden of guilt if we did not go beyond anything
we have felt possible heretofore in order to sate these
innocent children from suffering and death. Therefore,
THE LITERARY DIGEST will start this fund With the
sum of 125,000 to feed and clothe twenty-five hundred
little boys and girk this winter. What an inspiration
and example to many thousands who may be uncertain
how much to give if in the first week there shall be a
great shower of cheeks for $1000, for 5000, for $10,000.
as well as a deluge Of smaller amounts, to send the fund
rolling on toward the necessary twenty-three millions.
Let us all see again What the f ather's heart is like in this
great rich land of America, Let us have again a won
drous revelation of the heart of American motherhood.
Let tie have a great outpouring of love and helpfulness in
the name of Him who said, "Feed my lambsl"
President-Elect Harding, in a Great-Hearted Response, Sets an Example for All Americans
In the midst of the flood of telegrams, telephone, calls, and election returns pouring in upon him from every part of the United Slates, Mr. Harding turned from it all
to write and dispatch the following telegram from his home:
THE LITERARY DIGEST, NEW YORK CITYs t Mam. Ohio, Newnber 4, 1920.
I have just now read your splc8d appeal to the people of America k behalf of three and a half millions- of unfortunate children in Central afed Southeastern Europe who are the helpless victims
of the Great war. Because such a movement for relief reveals the true heart f America, becaiwe it bespeaks an American desire to play a great people's part in relieving and raetoring God's own children, I
want to commend and support yow noble undertaking. In seeking G od's blessing for ourselves I am sure He will bless us the more abun dantly if we share our good fortunes in acts of sympathy and human
fell&Wfthip. I wish you a Success which will reveal anew the unselfishness of ow great people. I am forwarding you my check for two thousand five hundred dollars by mail today.
(Signed) WARREN G. HARDING.
Make all checks payable to "The Literary Digest Child-Feeding Fund" and mail them direct to The Literary Digest. Every remittance will be acknowledged, and the
Literary Digest will be responsible for every dollar contributed, to see that it goes, without one penny deducted, to the purpose for which it is given. Address, Child
Feeding, THE LITERARY DIGEST, 354-860 Fourth Avenue, New York.
This advertisement contributed by James G. McNary.
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