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Pesos, 53!sc; Mexican gold, $50; nacionales, $25.50; bar silver, domestic 99V2c, foreign 63c; copper, 144c; grain, higher; livestock, lower ; ctocti, lower. LATEST NEWS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS REPORT BORDER PLOT AGAINST AnnriniT ti 1 n i UDKCbUft HAD A BIG CHANCE TO SHOW ABILITY Mexico Needs A Construc tive Leader, Not A Des pot Or A Demagog. TASK HEFACES NEEDS SUPERMAN Money The Big Need, But Peace First Requirement Strong Arm Needed. Br G. A. SU&TDTi ALVARO OBREGON. successful In the past as earbanzo farmer, revolutionist and general, begins the role of statesman today by taking ctfice a? president of Mexico. He takes office with a better outlook for success than any man since Gen. Porffrio Diaz look the oath in the senate chamber In the historic na tional palace in 1910. Mrh enwBlf bs-sb tfce ntan who today takes up tin? reins of rovrer la Mexico vrfeetfcer the nuti7 Trill eorae eat C Hi trouble vlekly or not. Gen. Obrea-OK goes la vrttn lite rapport or at least the cMieet of ne tieally all hte people. T-Srer are 1 1red of war and anxSsas for pence. They will back htm If be staovrs mlm fltaeM. He has the support of leading men of ali factions and they are not supporting- him perfunctorily; they are supporting mm in toe nenei tnat ne tan and will maintain order and guide t ie people out of the chaos that has Krpt them in suspense and even ter ror fo- ten years. He faces a hard t roblen. for capital ie looking to him to protect it and giro tt a chance sad isbor Is turning to him in the hops .hat he will be the means of read jiistmg vapps to a scale that will mean the end of peonage. Much Devests oa ObrcaZOa. Foreigners are looking to him for protection ror tneir properuoo. na tives are looking to him to so stabil ize the finances of the country as to put back business 'where it will be safe and profitable. Everybody to loolrtmr to Mm to Maintain peace, est tfce coot of living and to ace that Sadaotriea are restored aad taxes 4aUsed f -w men have faced the tremen dous task that ths obscure Sonera earbanzo farmer of a few years ago iij i6t face today. Porfino Diaz did it pmi won, but Diaz followed methods th&L Merico will not tolerate today. The Diaz methods developed the oun'.ry and put it among the leading nations of Us Wpstd. -bat th nils as a whole did not develop with the progress of their country. The great n-ass of Mexicans was held la sebjec i ion it is a greater task that faces Oregon. He has thousands of more enlightened people than Porflrio Diaz had to do for and he has loss money and Its? power to get tt. He has more lnr-ms to reckon with. Diaz did not mare Sodalfats, I. W. W.. Comatanfcrta w labor nncBttizatioas to contend witfu ubresoa baa all of these aad he luiurt have a oalek brain, a steady. Mtrona- nerve aad, above all, sap port aad MO El. fitted against the things he must 3 .s the fact that the people want pf.ce. A'ben a people grow tired of .Continued oa nag 4. eoJmmn 4,) PROPOSES COMMISSION FOR DRAFTING TREATY LOOKING TO RECOGNITION OF MEXLCO TAKINGTOX, I. W tormal proposal C Dec. X- A from aecrtarT Colby that i inmnlirJwei n be an- -o.ntod by the United State aud Mex- co ic aritxL a ireacr upon vnicn can baed resumption of full diplo- n-i3.ii" reiauons oecween me two sot- rnn nts has been taken to Kexico 'y cy Roberto V. Pesqooira, Mexican . f-i w-leit'al agent in Wasbtnrton. T, e text of secretary Colby's let-t-r dated Xovember 25, follows: CUya Zetter. The conversations -wiiich we haT 1 since the receipt of 70 or notaole ir-iter of October -W. I am very ik.tsd to say, nave been entirely In Keeping with the spirit and tenor of the expression it contained and hare quite confirmed the agreeable antici pations it aroused. "1 think I may say, as one of the resil's oc these discussions, that no i!-ubt can reasonably be entertained f the Mf?h and enligrhttxaed purposes t1 at aituate the present government' : Mexico, and I am fully persuaded t:.at you realize the friendship and I'interestednpss towards your 00 un iry. wmcn aniinavte this sorernment. 'Wr hae not required the assar nm, (o unqualifiedly given in your jetter. of Mexico's resurd for the dis r.arge of her obhsations, and of her : espect for the principles of Interaa tsonal law. Tour suegrestion for a joint arbitration commission to adiu ri.c.te the ulalme preseated bjpelC-7f-i s of other countries for AaaqHBM FuFtainei as a result of dteetJUug fit our country and tne rnrtner pro poal to enlarge and strengthen exist ing: treaty provisions for the arbitra tor) of all controversies, now pending t which may arise between our re spective nationals, bring convincing support of your declarations, if that v rrt needed. Ssroae of Article 3T. ' You refer at length to the mls Lnderstanding that has arisen and which has widely prevailed, as to tlie true scope anci effect of article 27 of tne Mexican federal constitution. Tliat such misunderstandings have Msted, and has exercised an unfortu nate restraint upon the impulses of 'r.endly governments, in their desire " cooperate with the Mexican people m the recovery of the full measure X their material strength and pros 'erty. cannot bt denied. But I can om-eive of nothing better calculated' o correct this misnnderstanding and 0 a! lay the fears of those who have 1 liiired valid titles or who have inade substantial investments in con-'or-aity with the Mexican law, and In Tl.auce upon us protection, than the -tatements of your letter referring to declarations of president de la iluerta and president-elect Obregon o the effect tnat article SI is not and "nust not be interpreted as retroac e or riolatne o valid property -eThtS j Iatrreata of Other Tfattoa. Th.- interests of other nations in Plant Trees BT MAIU 11 ARIZ.. AND ,1 PICTURESQUE MEXICO: CHIHUAHUA j ANCIENT aqueduct that brings water from the Chnbisear river for the city of Chihuahua. This aqueduct, still well preserved and still In use, was built .between 1710 and 1720 and remains as a monument to the masonry of that early age. Chihuahua Is the largest city in northern Mexico, capital of the state of Chihuahua, and suffered heavily during the Mexican revolution. It is fast recovering, however, under the rule of peace that has lately prevailed. It is the most modern city in northern Mexico and had the finest modern homes prior to the revolution. Many of these were destroyed. The Alameda In Chihuahua is one of the most attractive in Mexico. The state palace, the federal building and the Casino are all unusually handsome buildings. Hidalgo. Mexico's patriot priest, site of the present federal building, This ! the first of a dally series made by 6. A. Martin on his reeent "Peace and Progress excursion, which ttIII be printed 1st The Herald. X brief description of the scene and the locality vrfll be .given with each p4etrc WILSON'S ARMENIA DECISION CAUSES RELIEF IN EUROPE Spain and Brazil Offer -to Join President in Role of Mediator; "Wonderful New. Says British Delegate When White House Message Is Read; Assembly Speculates On . Terms of Settlement With Turkish Nationals. DARIS, France, Dec, 1. The peace terms offered the repeMic of Armenia By Mostapha Keaal P&ska, Tarkafe BatienaKti kader, were 1 i r T e - rr? ti By iae rrraca isreiga nce. lue termt are: "Aremcnia sliel resessce its besefits atttler tbe Sevres buAj, "Aimewa ikaH ajept a. frieaev peKcy toward Tarkey. "Tarki Kviag w&Ua the repHic tectMB. rjfivEVS. Switzerfajsi Dec 1. (By die Associated Press.) -Austria was unanimously voted a member of die teasiK of aatioss by (be com- BMisioB for the adukoc of new states sembly or the Jeagne wi ratHy tins A letter to president Wilson, ac- ceptla bis offer to act aa aaadlator rn Armenia, was belnc; drafted by the council of the laasrae of nations to day. Mr. Wilson's note, received this morning, was read to members of the council ax octocc aaai was re- reived with evidence of liveliest satis faction. It was announced this afternoon that Spain and Braxtl had offered to join president Wilson in his role of Armenian mediator. Thia offer has this subject should not be. and I am convinced it is not, attribnted to any desire to inflnence cr Interfere with Mexico in the . adoption aad pursuit of any policy with regard to its land and resoun isyHMuli expresses its as pirations u4MMhf its people. In deed, I may resMrlt that tbere is wide sympathy for the -apparaat desire of your country to insngnrate a policy which shall protect its sreat re sources against waste, dispersal or other improvident treatment. "The freedom to do this, which no one can dispute nor even criticise, is in no sense compromised by the due respect for legally vested Interests which you so fully avow, with a con vincing sincerity which is beyond qvestion. "It only remains to give these un derstandings a form which la usual in dealings between friendly states and I have the honor to suggest as our fruitful discussions draw to a close, that commissioners be promptly, designated by both Mexico and the United States to formulate a treaty, embodying the agreements which ! have been reached as the result of your successful mission.' I HAS EL PASO A RIGHT TO USE LIBERTY HALL AS IT WISHES? INJUNCTION THREAT IS MADE H AVE the people of El Paso the right to use Liberty hall for their amusement! The hall was built with the money of the taxpayers. Heretofore it has been rented to any person or group of persons who wanted it, prowding their use of it was proper. The ball has afforded an opportunity for the people to enjoy amusements that they could not have had without it. Recently the Orpheus club rented it for four performances of opera to be given here in December by the San Carlo Opera company. The arrange ment makes it possible for Ei Paso ana to have the best seats in the house for all four performances at a total cost of SC. cheaper than the people of any city In the country have heard It. But I. M. Crawford, owner of the Crawford theater, thinks it is not right for the county to "compete with the amusement houses of El Paso" and his attorney tells the county com missioners they must not let the per formance take place. Thornton Hard i e. declaring: that he had been "retained by clients," Informed county Judge E. B. McClintock today that if the plans for giving the operas were continued, he would enjoin the county. Judge WUHag To Fight. T told him to go ahead. If he thought he could," said judge Mc About You: It Will EL PASO A MONTH IN TEX, N. HEX.: ELSEWHERE, Jl.M. was imprisoned and executed on the being executed on July 30, 1811. u. ju aa. pictures of TlrtBreseee Xrxlco,' tour of that country vfltfc the Sa Paso ef Armeak. sbaH receive fat ftra- here today. It k expected the as acboa. been embodied in the reply to Mr. Wilson rramed by the council. President Wilson's aecentaace cre sted a great imp ronton when it was ajaiwuBcea. Europe Relieved. "Poor old Kurope will feel less abandonment.-" was a remark made by a meraoer or cue iron en oeiegatien while eUsesjslns; the matter. The news gave the assembly .great relief, as ths Armenian Question had become the bog-bear of the assembly. There is much speculation as to what form the mediation of Armenia wUl take. A. J. Balfour, a leader of the British delegation, remarked to me aavemoiy tne oxner ay tnat in order to negotiate tt would be neces sary te offer Mnstapha Kemal. chief of the Turkish nationalists, either money or territory, and this remark Is recalled in connection with Mr. Wilson's known opposition to the dis position made of some parts of the territory of Turkey by the Sevres treaty. Prediction Is made here that in the end the Greeks may pay the price for saving what remains of the Ar menian people. Praises WHsoa' Actios. "President Wilson's action is a big: -wp wwn a, kmquod 01 one ox me most serious problems before the as sembly," vaas the way lord Robert i;ecu cnaracterisea tne American president's acceptance. That is wonderful news. he de clared when the information was riven him. "It brinsra relief to all of us who are trying to find a way 10 neip ue Armenians out 01 tne dif ficulty Mr. Wilson's acceptance Is commendable and worthy of the best traditions of the United States, which has always been a friend of Armenia and taken the lead in alleviating her sunerings. "The decision of president Wilsea is not In any sense political, from my viewpoint, and cannot give encour agement to all those who wish to see the United States in the leasme. CeaHaned oa page 5, ce4mn 4.) Clintock. "The hall was built for the people with their money and we have neen impartial in letting tt out, ed long as the purpose to' which it was to be put was legitimate. I do not be ll eve an Injunction will be issued or can be issued. We are willing to meet them If they put up a fight.' Today Allen Orambllng, associate of Mr. Hardffc, asked who their client was, said L. M. Crawford, of Topeka, Kansas, owner of the Crawford thea ter, at which place the opera company was first booked, had engaged them. "We are not yet ready to act," said Mr. G rambling, "bat our position is that the county cannot compete against private taxpayers in purvey ing amusements. Mr. Crawford is a taxpayer and operates his opera house as an amusement purveying institu tion." TftH a La tt. If Xeeesvary. State senator R. M. Dudley, when he heard of the threat, said: If the eennty eannot rent Ha hall for amusement, then I vrftU mt fer a Mil at the next meeting et the leglfllatnre to give ft this perrer, nnd I trill get it passed, tee. "El Paso Is no longer a village. It is a city and its people are entitled, to amusements. We have no theater ! Con tinned on page S. ceturan 3.) EL PASO. TEXAS, WEDNESDAY EVENING. DECEMBER 1. CONGRESS WILL STUDYREVISION OF TAXSYSTEM Wilson May Deliver An nual Message Next Week In Person. cost ofTjving ' to be discussed Republicans May Block Measures Until Harding lakes Chair. By DAVID UWREXCE. 1 7ASH1NOTON, D. C Dec 1. yy Congress will meet next week for Its regular December session. but whether president Wilson will de liver his annua address in person, as he has done so many times before or whether he will send it to be read by a clerk as other presidents nsed to do, is still undetermined. Tne president wants to make a farewell appearance at the capitol and is said to be well enough to do so. Tot. there is always a risk with one who has had a nervous breakdown that excitement might bring on a re currence of ths same trouble. When ever any decision has had to be made Involving a risk to the president's health, ths members of the president's family have always played safe by avoiding the risk. That's why it seems unlikely that Mr. Wilson will go to congress, though he is strong willed and may insist on doing t- There are, os the other hand those who think the president might De persuaded to postpone his visit until the close of the session in March ani say good by then. As 5or the contents of ths presidential message, which Is being prepared, no inkling has been given. ReeeoaHadsmiiB V'seiess. From a political viewpoint, if for no other, there will be recommenda tions that congress reduce the burden of taxes and also cut the cost of liv ing. Of course, it is unlikely that the Republicans who are m the majority In both houses, will permit any ac tion to he taken on the recommenda tions of a Democratic president, since their own president will take office In three months and call an extra ses sion of congress to adopt a legisla tive program. The Democrats, hove er. talk of wasted time and opportunity and will not lose the chance to accuse the Re publicans of dilatory tactics and po litical expediency. On the other hand, -fWantleaii leaders already coun ter with this query: Would president Wilson fa-or a Republican tax bill, especially one that proposed the rais ing of revenue by the imposition of a protective tanrr : wnite nouae 01- CenHaBed em page S. eoinmn S.) TURKS HOSTILE TO AMERICANS' ARMENIAN AID Refuse Travel Permissioru For bid U. S. Flag on Buildings; Confiscate Food Supplies, Constantinople. TurVef. Dec 1. Br the Associated Press.) Increns- Ing host ill tie toward Americans and American relief interests Is be ins; shown by the Turkish nationalists. saya a letter from Henry nta-ga. di rector ror the near east relief at Kharirut. He asserts the nationalists still refuse the Americans permis sion to proceed to vanoos places to carry on their work and forbid the American flair to be flown from American buildings and autoirobt.es. ' Tefv Siar-ars: aia IH .ltk..lnt. f tanha Kemal confiscated a certain proportion of the food supplies in tended for Armenian orphan agR. He charges also that Armenian children hare been exnelled from ornhuum 1 and the building converted Into Turkish schools. j $I0TO$I5TO BE CUT FROM PRICE OF SUITS St. Louis, Mo. Dec. 1 . Two co operative tailor shops wf'l be opened here within the nxt nk under the direction of the Merchant Tailors as sociation of Rt. laouis on a plan that will result in a rnateml reduction in clothing prices, according to SamnI I Fox, president of the association. Work to be done in tnese shops at present is performed oy .contractors' who make up suits after they hare been cut out by the merchant tailors. Fox explained. The elimination of these "contrac tors" coupled with the reduced wool prices will effect reductions of from $13 to 115 on suits now sellinr for from $15 to 75, Fox raid. The naion scale of wag-s will prevail, he said. 20 Blocks Of Town Are Burned; Loss $500,000 Jasper. Ala. Dec 1- Fire today destroyed 20 business houses and ten residences before it was brought un der control. Early estimates place the loss above $500,000. PLANT A TREE. HE it Hants a tree. He plant love. Teats eeelBese spreading ant afeive Warfares he ssny net live 1 see. GUtm that sTtvw are test. Hands tnt MfM are Meat. Plants Life d the ret! Henven mm earth help him ttTbo plants a tree. And hl work Its own reward shall be. Lucy Larcom. Reduce The HERALD Finds Money Belt With $970 In Boot At Clothing Sale GARDNER, Mass., Dec. 1. While examining a pair of leather boots at a sale of the personal effects of Jacob Haggstrand of Finland, who died here In IMS. a prospective purchaser stuck his hand into one of them and found a money belt containing $970. Haggs trend's widow in Finland will be notified of the find. PREMIER HOLDS BACK ANSWER ON D'ANNDNZIO Gioletti Refuses To Say Whether Government Will Take Action. RAPALLO TREATY TO BE SUBMITTED Regulars Will Try To Per suade Followers of Poet Soldier To Desert. rIBSTB. Austria, Dec 1 Tfce steamer Xarenta, loaded witk flsnr and (odder, has bee captured br Gabrfele dAununslos ardltl near XNla London. England. Dec 1. Premier Gioletti of Italy, apeaklnc lu the chamber of dopvtJes in Rome, refused to answer a anastion asking; whether the government intended to take mili tary measures against Capt. d'Annun zio in Flume, says a Borne dispatch to the London Times, 'The government," ha declared, -is anxious to Bastes final ratification of the Rapalla treaty with Jngro-Slavia. which already aaa been approved by the chamber and will be submitted to the senate tomorrow.- While Gen. Cavlgiia's regulars have thrown a cordon aroond Flume, only small incidents have thus far been roDorted. says a Milan disoatch to the Times. Every effort will be i made by the regulars, it is said, to induce the followers of d'Anunzio to desert. The dispatch quotes a telegram from Trieste, aayias that regalar Alpini aad! some of oTAnanslo'a man .Tchanged shots and band grenades when the fatter crossed tow KsHa-i territory proper. A few regular wers made prisoners by oTAnnmzlo's soIdssfF at an dvaaced poet on the road to Cantriva. The garrison on the Islaad of Veglla. held by men loyal to the poet-soldier, has been re inforced. Bred In America Super-Prunes Will Be Cultivaled Soon -IinunxOTON. Del, Dec. 1, W The "perfect prune- soon is to be grown in America, pro fessor L. R. Detjen of Delaware college, an bounced in an address before the 34th annual convention of the peninsula horticultural so ciety. Describing his soperprnne. which is to be evolved from a domestic plum, professor Detjen said it would be the first time an Ameri can variety haa been adopted to prune purposes, the output hither to having been grown from Euro pean varieties. Evidences Of Christmas In Trees Chi Plaza ioneer plaza in decked in the first j nouaay garb or tne season. Christmas tree have been placed all about the plaaa in front of all the stores and business houses. In various locations about the monu ment and about the light posts, giv inr quite a Cbriatmasy appearance to things and lending the first holiday atmosphere to 1 Paso. Jake Miller, manager of the White House, started the plan for the dec orations and secured the trees. Merchants of other streets are understood to be planning to put Christmas trees along the sidewalk, and It is expected that many sections of the city will soon take on the holi day appearance. HOLIDAYS WILL LAST 1 2 DAYS; BEGIN DEC. 22 Holidays for city school children will begin Wednesday. December 23. Class work will he resumed Monday. January 3. Superintendent A. II. Hughey who went to Rutherford. Austin and Houston after the state teachers as sociation meeting in Port Worth, is expected to return to EI Paso in a day or two. The new Uanhscttao heights school opened with an enrolment of 2t pu pils and a teaching force of eight In structors. Classes tn the kindergarten and first six grades are being conducted In the finished rooms of the school and as soon as the second floor of the bu ild 1 ng is completed, addi tio nal classes will be started. The congested conditions of the Grand view. Highland Park and Aha Vista schools, have been greatly re lieved by the opening of the new school. COUCIL RESIGNS. Tokio, Japan. Dec J. Members of the municipal council of this city re signed today in connection with charges of graft which have hen presented. Summer Heat And Baffle The Dust Storms 1920. IRISH TOWN IS UNDER SIEGE; 2 MEN KILLED No Traffic In Macroom Ex cept Distribution of Food; 4 Persons Arrested. bputainIntends TO INTERN ARMY Arrests Follow In London; Men On Steamers Found Carrying Firearms. POBK. Ireland, Dec 1. It was re- ported this afternoon that two men were shot dead hist night in Macroom district and that four per sons were arrested. The town of Macroom is in a state of siege and no traffic is allowed ex cept lor food distribution Irish To Be Interned. London. Eng. Dec 1. Sir Hatnar Greenwood, chief secretary for Ire land, when aaked in the house of commons If tt was the plan of ths government to intern members of the Irish republican army, said it wss in tended to intern those whom there was reason to believe were connected with the republican forces. The chief secretary added that in terned prisoners would be given treatment similar to that accorded to prisoners of war. Six men arrested at Southampton yesterday upon the arrival of the liner Aqultanla from New York were released here today by police of ficials. When they arrived it waa an nounced they were anspected of being agents or the binn F ein. Revolvers Are Seised. Revolvers were found est their per' sons, but the men asserted thaj were firearms act. which fcrbMs the im- ignorant of the recently enacted portation of weapona. They were closely questioned and their weapons confiscated before they were placed on a train coming to this city. Buildings housing Sinn Fein ganlzations in this city acd its suburbs were raided by Scotland Yard detectives and It Is declared a large quantity of documents were seized. Watchman Killed By Burglars He Located Denver, Cole. Dec 1. Roy Down ing, astelal watehaaan. was. abet asst killed early this an oral ng ea the baefc norru or the ansae of S. J. nMllsi here. Police believe he was killed by burglars whoaa he dlscoverea in the (raHivaa home. The eleetrie wires ' in Snlllvj home had been cat. A neighbor also reported the wires in his heme cut but nothing had been taken. NORWAY ROADS TIED UP WHEN STRIKESTARTS 10,000 Trainmen Out Because Government Refuses Wage Increase. Christiana, Xorway, Dec. 1. CBy the Associated Press. Ten thousand railway employes were ordered on strike at midnight tonight, which will stop the e n 1 1 re Norwegian railway service. The strike is doe to the gov ernment having: refused to consider demand; tor increased wages unless the strike notices first were with drawn. The government has taken steps to assure aistrionuon oi xooa ana pa us oy motor cars, a teamer services win b operated for coastal towns. The railway men are demanding signer wages man otner government employes receive, although govern ment railways are showing an an nual Increase in deficit owing to high wages and coal bills. MISSING RICH MAN'S CLERK HELD IN JAIL Toronto, Ontario. Dec. 1. John Doughty, arrested in Oregon and re- turned lure to face charges of theft ' and conspiracy in the kidnaping of I Ambrose j. Small, millionaire theater owner, who has been missing since last December, will be held without bail for & hearing next Monday, the police announced today. Doofchty is a former secretary and clerk of the missing man. In attempting to solve the mystery surrounding Small's disappearance, police said they placed little credence in the theory that Small was mur dered and the body shipped away in a trunk. May Bar Farmers From Workers Federations Pans. France. Dec. 1. AH agricul tural syndicates which adhere to the third Internationale of Moscow will be excluded from the federation of agricultural workers, according to a decision reached by the national com mittee of the latter organization, it is Plated in newspapers here. Headliners In Today's Theater. BIJOC Tiger's Cub," Pearl White "The Devil's Passkey." GRBCIAN "The 8teaiers. FAIsACB "Humoresque." RIALTO "The Last of the Mohicans." tMftUE "Dangerous to Men." Viola Dan. WIGWAM. Th Love Flower." (Read amusement ads on page 11.) CARRIER DELI VERT. 11 A MONTH. SINGLB COPT. I CENTS. OBREGON ! MEXICO MUST GET INTO WORLD TUNE, SAYS PRESIDENT General Declares His Country Must Open Doors and Protect Foreigners of Good Intent and Settle Its International Obli gations; Urges Mexicans to Return to Normal Mode of Living; Education Real First Need. WASHINGTON, D. C, Ded I. Rhmh of asb'-ObregOB ceairacies Tr k BerlWa part of Mexke a ale At bnkr feae racfe-ed &e state ilepartataL Offkkk tetfaj said tfeey were watebng tiie siteatieB ckself te see feat Asericas aestrafirj was aet violated. CogBsaace bas bees taken of tke Kports from Havaaa tkat Pablo Gonzales aad outer leaders of tbe Carraaza regoae were oa tbek way to Texas, bat goverBi&est officers said tbere was ae roasee why they sbo&M be deaied eatraaee to tbe United Steles. AjYEXICO CITY. Mex., Dec. 1. Gen. Alvaro Obregon, who was inauguratJ as president of Mexico at midnight, prefaced his nnlbctson into office with promises of the immediate institution of a program of social and civil i. -l.l.tl-f.l -!- I. reform mat was said to oe me oasis ultimately swept him into power. HeS has stated not only to the press, but in several joint conierences wiin con gress that Mexico must open Us doors to foreigners of good intent, most protect foreign capital, must settle its international obligations in other words, must get in tune with the world. As the fundamental bast for this adjustment, he has asserted that Mex ico must, return to a normal mode of living in which petty ambitions of indlvidnalK must be submersed and vital policies of social reform put into practice. Education First Need. TT rtro.rnIzes education of the masses as the real first need and. if bis Diana are carried out. scnoois loner neglected will be opened and school learners. long unaerpaxi ana in buuij enses not paid at an. will be given employment. xne new president traa corn in in th stale of Sonora. From early childhood h was forced to work for a living, hut he haa become one of the pfluntrr's biearest industrial men. He Is said to possess considerable wealth. Revolutions in Mexico within the last few years made him first a mill tarv uover i.i th e north, th en i staunch adherent of Carranza whose succession to the presidency is sad to have been largely due to tne mili tary genius and energy of Obregon. It was Gen. Obregon who at Celaya inflicted what is said to be the only decisive military defeat Francisco Villa, the bandit, ever suffered. With Carransm in power. Gen. Obre gon was entrusted with many diffi cult tasks of rjsconstruction, occupy ing numerous official posts, includ ing that of minister of wax. When in the fall of IMS president Carranza -an flounced aetmiieiy ne would retir from office at the ex piration of his term December 1. 19Z0. and that elections would be held in a rcnlar and lesral manna. Gen. Obregon was the first to annonnce nis caaoioacy. jftoui rum iwcienaa home tn Sonora early this year be issued a manifesto which proclaimed him the leader of the Liberal Con stitutionalist party and announced a nlatforxn of reform unon which he purposed to make his campaign. He Immediately began a tour of tbe re public. Xeanwbile politics was fermenting in the national capital. Gen. Pablo Gonsales. at first reputed to hold the official favor of president Carransa as his successor, began an active cam paign and within a few weeks Ig-nacio MEXICO WILL BEGIN A PROBE OF MADERO-SAUREZ MURDERS By SU.VKSTRK L A probe into the death of Francis, co 1. Madero and Pino Suarez, president and vice president of Mexi- . is to be undertaken Immediately. They were reputed to have been tinted by a mob-that took them from the national palace shortly after they had abdicated their offices under pressure early tn the morning of February 19. 1913. ljater it was stated tnat tney were murdered in the palace. Mexico City now gen really accepts the latter ex planation and guides point out a stall n tne presidential staoies wnere tney say both men were shot down by Francisco Cardenas, a captain of tbe guard. CrejMs CMtcMM, Cardena!. who inflicted injuries upon himself In Guatemala this week, ', ending in his death. Is said to have confessed his guilt and to have placed ne Diame noon tnose niirner uo under bose instruction., he was, working. Tne watch or president Jdaoero is said to have been recovered from the wife of Cardenas in Mexico City in a i search that .followed the general ac- ceptance of the belief that he had murdered the two official. Pimf Thotongn Probe. Gen. Obreaon has promised a thor ough probe of the affair, to fix re- ! spo risibility for the deaths of the two men. Provisional president Ue la ; Huerta has been assistinc in the plans! so that an immediate probe could be- gin when president Obregon took of fice. Former federal officials Pedro Las- i eta in .tad Manuel Vasques Tagle, : and senator Fernando Ixtesias Cald- eron. recently Mexican envoy to j Washington ha, e been summoned to give testimony in the sixth district court in the federal invest (Ration con cerning the murder of Madero and ' Suarez. J All Were Canloet Officers. Lascurain was foreign minister in the cabinet of Madero and when , Madero and Suurex resigned, became president, but immediately named Gen. Vlctoriano Huerta as minister of Bbrnacion and resigned. This made nsrta president. Tagle was minister of Justice in the cabinet of Madero at the time of the death of the president and Cald eron was finance minister. Just recently Cald eron has been confidential agent1 HERALD TKLBPBGK9S HOURS. Herald telephone mem. from 7:4i a. o. to I d. m.on weak days. No telephone service outside those hours, or on 8uttjdsrs. HOME EDITION WEATHER FORECAST El Paso, fair, warmer; west Texas, fair; Ne Mex1c, fair, warmer; Arizona, cloedy. 14 PAGES TODAY. tor me revolution last summer wmcn - Bon! lias, at that time Mexican am bassador to the United States an nounced his candidacy as a clMl.a r barging that Obregon and GonzaJfs both represented th5 military classe Refnting the latter asssrtim. Obrepon requested congress to withdraw h rank as general, but this was re fused. Start of BehelH . Early in April, Gen. Obregon tired to his home In Sonora foilowm? published charges that tfce Carranza regime was attempting to embarris his candidacy. Almost coincide n with this retirement came the deflec tion of Adolfo de la Huerta. who governor of Sonora, refused to recoe nixe the sovereignty of president Car ranza in certain state affairs. disagreement culminated early m May in open revolution with wr'rr Gen. Obregon and numerous h -political aids and large numbers oi followers became affiliated. Followed then in quick successor the march of the army of the nortK on Mexico City and Its subsequent bloodless capture, the flight of presi dent Carranza and his cabinet and the death of the executive in a lon!y mountain hut. Wins Presldestey. Adolfo de la Hoerta was elected b congress as the provisional pres to act until December 1. Gen. osr1--gon immediately returned to a ener getic campaign and tn September wa overwhelmingly elected presidn 1 An official canvass of th vcle showed that Gen. Obretron recfi-1 1.131.751 and his nearest oppon i Alfredo Hobies Dominguez, rece. -i 47.4 12. Since the election Gen. Obregon h-? remained in Mexico City, arxrcclr er gased In preparing for M induct into office. He varied his routine b a short visit to the Texas state " -at Dallas and upon his return a -dared he was convinced that co- relations exist and will exist betvter , Mexico and the United Suites, WfU ISmt Enter lngne. "Mexico will not ask admission to r league of nations, but should an r vfttlon to membership be exter-i-a by the league, it would be given con sideration. Gen. Obregon said he was certa.n the provisional government unaer president de la Huerta had not re quested such membership and it was the intention of his government tn continue this policy of aloofness, his attitude being that Mexico in maktc overt ares for membership In the league would engage In a hnmili'at- Cttaaed mn page 4, ctbbsb 1., TERRAZAS. of the Mexican government in t United States, having been appointed by Carranza, Prstea at Magicm. Prominent members of tiie Miclio can colony in this city asked con gress to prevent Gen. Mugiea fram at tending ceremonies in connect' on with the presidential inaugural :or charging, him with unconstitutioca' sets is Morxaila. Gireaajsr Peposed. The legislature of Yucatan, after an exciting session, has decided to depose Gov. Albertos appointing in his place Dr. Hurcano Ayuso. XEW JFARBZ POSTMASTER. Pedro Guerrat. formerly of Vera cruz, has been appointed postmastr at Juarez. The office has been fiP-d for several months by a temporary officer. Reduces Homework Twenty-five Percent ! rrs is the end accomplished i when a study s made of Lhe ' average household, and it n 1 rearranged from the standTotnt of convenience and efficiency. i Did you ever stop to thmk how much time en her feet, how many miles of walking, would be aved J the cook if the kitchen .Hhinot f were arranged for her with every article she needs m its place, and a comfortable stool drawn ld in front? Wo offer a free book.et issued by the department of agricu'ti:--which tells what kind of cablnt-r: to buy or how to make one eheaplw It als tails how to make a fire less cooker, a drainer that ilofK away with drying dishes, a service l ir. an iceiess refrigerator, a shower bath, an evaporator When the housewU learns to do her work with less effort, she has more time for recreation. Frederic J. Haskfu, Director, The EI Paso Herald. Information Bureau. Washington, D. C. I enclose herewith two cents In stamps for return postage on a free 'opy of the bullet "Home Conveniences "