Pesos, 46 H; Mexican gold, ISO; Bacionale, $25 JO;
bar silver, domestic 99He, forgB 60Hc; copper, 14e;
grain, higher; livestock, lower; stacks, lower.
El Paso, fair; west Texas, fair; Hew Mexico, :'a:r;
Anion., fair, warmer.
LATEST NEWS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS
BY MAIL. 11 A MONTH IN TEX. N. M-.
ARIZ.. AND MIX: ELSKWHBBB. Jl-M.
EL PASO. TEXAS. THURSDAY EVENING. DECEMBER 9. 1920.
CABBIES DELIVERY. II A MONTE.
SINGLE COPT. cam
14 PAGES TODAY.
EL PASO HERALD
HIUPPINE NATIVES KILLED IN BATTLE
ONCE A PLAGUE
SPOT, IS NOW A
Mexican National Palace Is
On Site Where Rulers
Have Always Ruled.
TAKEN FROM THE
Occupied By Cortez, Then
All Viceroys Uf Spam,
Now By Obregon.
Picturesque Mexico: Mexico City
"VE of the most interesting struc-
J tures In America is the National
Palace of Mexico "El Palaclo
The uronertv and the oricrinal etruc
ture oart of It 8 till Incorporated
somewhere in the present palace- coat
rue country only H,ooe pesos. oay
it Is worth manv millions.
Hernaxt Cortez. conqueror of Mexi
co, established his residence upon the
sue, and the Montexumans baa their
great "La Nueva Casa de Motecuh
zoma'' or government house, on the
F.te when cortez arnveo.
One a Plague Spec
The great plaza on which the palace
r nts was once a plague spot uf Mex
ico. But In later years it was one of
; he most beautiful spots in Mexico un-
il Venustlano Carranza came into of
fice. He feared another attack upon
tie palace, such as that made by
fleyes, Diaz and Bnerta on Madero
and had all the trees cut down.
A-eertcsMa who re-aeeabere- the
feeastirsl Seeole eC tfce pent when
Porftrie ZHaa and Praacssce Ha
drrt wen la efffee are -hocked
these days to find H perfeetlr
bare of veetatfu CrasrrKi im
wild1 to ylfinniac te restore the
In the earlier days of Mexico, an un
in iting cemetery was located on the
T'laia between the cathedral and the
tiaJace and open sewers full of filth I
and refuse w-e a menace to the
health of the officials who inhabited
1'.. and a grisly gibbet, where public
executions tooic place axmosx auy,
could be seen at a glance from any
of the palace windows.
Place Cleaned Tfp.
Pacheco de Pad ilia, the count of
Revtllagiegedo, 61st viceroy of new
Spain, a man with a soul and a con
science, set about to make things bet
ter in Mexico when he took off tee.
While stopping graft as much as pos
.ble, he aiso cleaned up the city and
n.j'I mTiv nlauta ul narkt. TT
moved the cemetery, the gibbet ads j-4
iL PALACIO XACION'ALr t:e National I'alace of Mexico, seat of trovern
' raent of the Mexican -epublic. a structure wrose history goes back to
uernan cortez wno ouut ue nrst unit or it.
Tomorrow: The House that "t ilia Bntlt hot did not lire in.
he cesspools and made the place one
'vortny or the seat oz government ox
i is country.
Today El Palacio National hi a
worthy seat of government of any na
tion In the world.
Though the "official residence of
the ruler of the republic, originally, ft
j? not his residence at alL His resi-
.nce now 13 Ciu-DUlteoec castle.
The National Palace is the office of
the president and his cabinet minis
ters and the official seat of govern
ment for Mexico. Congress also meets
:a the National Palace, the president
r-eives ambassadors and distin
guished visitors there and banquets
fan he held there, as it fa equipped
v. ith a k'tchen and a state ifnwe
A Wenderfal Gardex-
There is also a wonderful flower
garden in the patio, stairs leading into
mis garden from the banquet hall and
'he guHe tells you that the emperor
Max im I lip n and his guests "came
down these very stairs" to sin their
coffee and smoke their cigarets in the
Prrien. One alabaster vase nlaced
there by Maximilian still graces the
garden. A companion was carried off
ny mooters auring tne late revolution.
This garden was the scene of the
Mauphter of Chapultepec cadets by
-ne tiuerxa troops on tne cay xouow--g
lb assassination of president Ma
' ro and vice-president Snares in
ibiZ. The cadets were rushed to the
palace by the Maderlstas and thev sit
n the capital that 300 of these boys
"tre k i iiea in me garaen.
There is m target in ee corner
ef the garden where, the kbUc
telle yes, the preeMent and his
cablaet practice p4t4 shooting
The official stables are maintained
in th National Palace, also the pres
idential and cabinet official automo
biles. Mosey Kept There Tee.
While muy of the various cabinet
ministers have their departments la
-thr parts of the city, the minister
n' finance has his offices in the Na
rona! Palace and the national cash Is
kpt in the vaults there. The stamp
lrnting office is also located in this
The National Palace fronts the
Zocolo or Plaza Mayor with the great
cathedral on one side of the plaza,
the municipal and district govern
ment building on the other and stores
on the other.
The building, which occupies a full
block, contains a dozen or more'
patios besides the main courtyard
and the gardens. It has a frontage
. 75 feet on the plaza of Zocoto.
There is an entrance from the front
'or the president himself and for
ambassadors calling on him, with
prlae elevator to his offices. All
others must enter the main "sally
( Con tinned ea ase 2, eei-aa 4.)
EL PASO OFFICERS
ASK WARRANT FOR
CLARA S. HAMON
Authorities Say They Know She Spent Night Wkh Parents on
San Antonio Street; Records Show Judge McClmtock Married
J. L. Hamon and Clara Smith in EI Paso February 1 7, 1917;
Officers Believe Trunk Taken From Smith Home in Auto.
A WARRANT ckargkg Clara Sautfe HaxaeB as a fsgilrre freea jtke
r J l r i r t n v . -n i r ?r
wai bwto uy jssuce iu d. -vawoas lamnaaj E-orjBg. cc8rung
te Kawftfify t&c warraet was sigHed by a depaty semf. Tht wesaa s ar
rest was expected te f oBew sfeertiy, tfce effkefs saiiL
Tr theory that Clara Smith had crossed from Juarez to EJ Paso and is
l rr . tl t . .1 t t
m okuisk nere euxkq exions imtrsaay 10 iccaie me woman cnargea
with the murder of Jake Hamos, millionaire oil operator and politkaan.
Officers say the correctness of their theory was established when they
learned that she had visited her9-
pa rents at 1 119 East San Antonio
street, Tuesday night. She could
have been arrested had local officers
been la possession of proper papers
from Oklahoma, they said.
A further theory is that she will
eventually surrender to officers. Both
her father and brother, while denying
that they have seen her, assert that
"the wisest thing Clara could do
would be to face the charge and
Claza Smith nrf P. X Hazaen.
nephew ef the neatn who vras knied.
were married Sa EI Pas by. Judge IS.
B. MeOHnteefe: Frnary 17,
vrocers saia sne naa croeaea to
Juarez December 2 on a ten dav nass-
Teiegrapnie uuormauoB to Okla
homa authorities broojebt a tardy re
sponse which failed to include a war-
-1 rant or instructions to hold the
woman on a fugitive from justice
J. B- Smith, brother of Clara Smith,
was in 1 Paso on December 4, they
sahL X B. Smith and J. I Smith, the
latter the father, left their temporary
quarters on East San Antonio street
the following day with a large trunk.
uey miBO aeciarea.
Police have advanced the theory
that J, B. Smith accompanied his sta
ler on at least part 01 ner journey.
If she came to 3 Paso. Original in
structions ariven detective eantaia
Claude Smith several weeks ago was
that the woman was headed toward
jsi aso in an automobile, it was ad
mittedly the same kind of a car which
Smith drove to El Paso, though he
says his sister was not with him at
Announcement that Clara Smith
and Frank Lewis Hamon were mar
ried in El Paso followed receipt of a
letter by district clerk a M. McKin
ney from a woman whose name was
signed as "Mrs. F. L. Hamon, general
delivery. Sacremento. Calif." She
asked that she be sent any existing
records of the issuance of a marriage
license to the abvve couple, adding
that she and F. Ix Hamon were mar
ried on August 15, 1918.
Woman 5 Man S3.
Chris Aranda, deputy county clerk,
said that he issued a marriage license
to Clara Barton Smith and Frank
Lewis Hamon on February 17, 1917.
and that they immediately were mar
ried by E. B. MeClintock. The wom
an's age was given as 25 years and
that of the man as 23 years, accord
in? to the records.
Wait on Q Paso.
Ardmore, Okla.. Dec. 9. The search
for Clara Barton Smith, wanted on a
charge of murder in connection with
tne rata snooting here of Jake I
Hamon. Ardmore oil magnate and Re
Dublfcan national commltteempn.
slowed down here today while the
local authorities awaited word from
sheriff Seth B. Omdorff. of El Paso.
Tex., that he had definitely located
Sheriff Omdorff. accord in to Rus
sell Brown, county prosecutor, should
have received today a telegram sent
THE experience of successful
planters would indicate that
at least five different trees
are adapted to local conditions:
A-lzona Ash, Mountain Cottonwood.
s.Ier Leaf Poplar, Black Locust
and Elm. In the lower levels
hre the soli is deep and fertile.
these trees grow luxuriantly.
In tne highlands, where the soil
i coarse and nonfertlle. the Cotton-
ood will generally make th
most rapid growth. With excep
tic ral care the Arizona Ash or
American Elm will probably make
a more permanent tree. Of all th.
trees mentioned the Mountain Cot
tr rirood is generally the short eh'
-d. but u also makes the most
rapid growth The Arizona Cyp
r;e an c -gTeen. generally con
ti i-red an ornamental shrub
rather than a snade tree, is being
t-uoressfully fown In many parts
f? the city It is a most beautiful
i-e1 and can re ust-d to advantage
in decoratir the home grounds.
Bremi Asfex Aettonu
Ardmore. Oklau Dec 9. Russell B.
Brown, county attorney of Carter
county, today telegraphed what he
termed "an insistent demand" for ac
tion by Seth B. Omdorff, sheriff at
El Paso. Texas, who is reported to
have said that he knew the where
abouts of Clara Barton Smith, charged
witn muraer tn conection wttn tne.
death of Jake L. Hamon, millionaire
politician ana on
At the sheriff's office it was said
nothing was known about telegraphic
communications from Mr. Brown, and
that it had not received any insistent
demands from anrwhere about the
Bishop, In Flight To Train,
Reckless Of His Luggage
When the person who found a suit
case on San Francisco street Thurs
day morning about 9 oclock discov
ers it contains a bishop's vestments
Instead of some of the other things
suitcases have been known to contain,
the suitcase may be returned to the
rectory of St, Clement's Episcopal
church and no questions will be asaed.
The Rt, Rev. F. B. Howden. D. D..
bishop of this Episcopal diocese is a
deliberate man. Dr. Fuller Swift rec
tor of St Clement's said. He allows
himself as much as five mlnntes to
catch a train, some times.
Thursdav morninsr the bishon and
the rector took their time at break
fast In the five minutes they had
leic in wmcn tne oisnop might catch
the 9 oclock Santa Fe tram S his
home in Albuquerque, Dr. Swift let
his coupe make np lost time. The
bishop's suitcase was Disced hurriedlv
on the running board of the car. At
tne station it was missing and could
not be found on Dr. Swift's way back.
JAPS IX HAWAII DECREASES.
Honolulu. T. H.. Dec 9. From Jan-
nary 1 to October 1. 1920. the Japan
ese DODUlatlon of Hawaii warn TAnr&A
by 1S86 persons, according to figures
maoe on one ai me jaoaneao conni.
TO PLEAD FOR
Obregon Will Show Faith
By Works As New
U. S. IS READY
Only Newspaper Comment
Caused By Other
CO CITY. Mex, Dec .Ef
forts to obtain recognition by the
United States of the Obregon re
gime In Mexico will not be carried on
as actively a they were under the
administration of Adolfo de la Hner
U, it it indicated here. It is de
clared president Obregon Is inclined
to allow his administration during the
next few months to act as his appeal
An lndicalton that recognition by
the United State, la not far away. It
is asserted. Is the absence of Alberto
J. Pan! from the Obregon cabinet. It
is understood the former Mexican
minister to France Is the new presi
dent's choice for an eventual repre
sentative in Washington.
Th. f-t that within the oast few
days Japan. Germany and Braxil have
recognixed Mexico nas arousea 0017
mild niviuwr comment. Several
journals have urged editorially the
necessity 01 recognition oy tne unit
ed states, airsertinar that would mean
similar action by all the Europe, n
President Obrecon spent the most
of bis first week In official life at
home recuperating from the strenu
ous program of the inauguration. He
is following a rlgia program 01 aiec
and exercise. I
Gen. Benjamin Hill, secretary of
war. also ia ill, and It is believed will
leave soon for Los Angeles. Calif-,
where he will receive treatment.
Boy, Page American
Her Cook, $1.50 Per
PORT AD PRINCE. Haiti. Dec 9.
. There Is no high labor
market In Haiti. The man
working by the day gets one
gourde, which is SO cents, and
sometimes a gourde and a half.
Cooks are to be had without adver
tising. Most of them earn tl.to
a week, and in addition get cent,
a day on which to feed themselves
and their flock. Ton do net have
to include car fare In the weekly
wage down here.
At hum points In the Interior
wages for cooks are even lower.
Many of them live in mahogany
bouses, at that.
PINK BOLL WORM
Plague Discovered ia Dona Ana
County md Near El Paso;
Plan Quick Work.
Washington, D. C Dec 9. A pub
lic hearing to consider advisability of
extending pink boll worm quarantine
to the state of New Mexico will be
held here by the federal horticultural
board December 17. Any person in
terested in the proposed quarantine
may appear and be heard either in
person or by attorney.
The necessity for quarantine action
Is the finding- of the pink boll worm
in Dona Ana county. New Mexico, In
the vicinity of El Paso, and the need
therefore of extending the regula
tions now tn force against counties
in Texas and Louisiana to the newly
infested regions. The adjoining coun
ty of El Paso is now under quaran
tine. Restrictions of the quarantine
apply to the movement and utiliza
tion of cotton and cotton products for
preventing the spread of the insect
The movement of lint Is safeguarded
by being limited to certain routes and
ports of export.
Efforts are under way to secure the
cooperation of Mexico in providing for
the cleaning of all Mexican cars at
country, to avoid as much as possible
some point in the Interior of that
the risk of bringing Infested seed to
Juarez, within a distance of easy
flight of the mature insects ta th
cotton fields on the American as well
as on the Mexican side of the river.
BIND AND GAG
nave received looay a leiesjram sent i . i T" l rt
by A -JOfJCgUtr -fc.-- -ha -."-1 n Anniin? Kla r-et.r' I U
he eloi eahOBte of tne youwpTruinan. y 01 Y7
semnx oaiior ucw, w ik
Sttrreirdcred Sub Chaser.
London. England. Dec 9. Officers
of the Italian submarine chaser No.
8-PN were treacherously attacked,
bound and gagged by their crew and
then placed in a boat which took
them into the harbor of Flume, says
a Milan dispatch to the London Times,
.escribing the desertion or tne ves
sel from the blockading fleet along
the Dalmatian coast. When the boat
landed, it was met by Capt, Gafariele
d'Annunzio. who gave the men a cor
dial reception and made an address
in which he denounced as a traitor
mi ral Millo In command of Italian
ival forees in the Adriatic
Members of the d'Annunzian le
gionaries were asked to kneel before
Retoiwexl PrisoDer Declares Af
ter 4 Years as Prisoner He
Received no Justice.
Brussels, Belgium. Dec 9. Three
shots from a revolver were fired in
the direction of the president's trio
one in the chamber of deputies by
a spectator in the public library. Just
as the chamber was adjourning to
night. "I have been for four years a pris
oner In Germany and have not ob
tained Justice since my return," the
No one is reported to have been
wounded by the shots, but a number
of deputies and spectators were
bruised in the scramble to leave th
"saved the honor of the Italian navy,"
It ia said, the Bot -soldier Mttfns n
the deserters, because their action bad 1 example by kneeling.
300,000 TEXTILE WORKERS
AFFECTED BY 21 PERCENT
WAGE CUT TO REDUCE COSTS
EX-KAISER LIVING IN STYLE,
HAS 50 SERVANTS, SIX COOKS;
THRIFTY DUTCH ARE ANNOYED
1OORN. Holland. Dec 9. Revela
tions in the Prussian state legis
lature at Berlin of the money
which the former German emperor
has been permitted to draw from
Germany during the last two years,
together with the announcement that
the Dutch government will tax him
for an annual income of 1,300,000
guilders, have caused the burghers of
Doorn to speculate as to what he
does with all this money. 1
Nominally a guilder is worth 40
From Germany, the former emperor
is said to have drawn 1.000.000 send
ers, equivalent at present rates of
exchange to 11,138,900 German marks,
also the proceeds of the sale of some,
of his property in Wllhelmstrasse.
said to be 40,000,000 marks. Besides
all this income, the Prussian govern
ment nas coninouiea aaaitionaiiy to
the furnishing of his new house at
Uvea la High Style.
For a long time 'William com
plained of .being financially em
barrassed. Now. however, according1
to the people of Doom he appears to1
be living in high style.
Not counting his marshal. Gen. von
Gontard. and other members of his
immediate suite, approximately 50
servants are employed to keep up the
house of Doom. This dies not Include
the workmen who are stil engaged
about the house and grounds.
There are 24 charwomen who are
kept busy polishing the floors, brass
work and otherwise keeping the cas
tle up to the old Grerman standard de
manded by the former empress, Au
gusta Victoria. They receive the
equivalent of about a dollar a day.
Ten of them live in the castle.
Emptors six Cooks.
In all William now employs six
cooks, who Include a chef and an as
sistant living at the castle, and fr
women who come in to work by the
day. There are also a number of gar
deners and personal servants.
To maintain this army of servants
whose average wages, the people of
Doorn say, must be something more
than a dollar a day. William pays in
wages alone about $20,000 a year.
Their upkeep costs him as much more
and this does not include the high
salaried employes, like Gen. von Gon
tard. Capt. von Illseman. the "court
physician" and secretaries, who must
cost the ex-emperor about 920,000
During his 18 months stay at Ben
tin ck castle at Amerongen. William
lived at the rate of about 8325 dally.
In his own estate, be is believed to
be spending much more.
In addition to buying the house of
Do rn , he fa as this year spen t ap
proximately $32,500 on a little hospi
tal which he presented to the village
BOSTON. Mass , Pec. 9. A wage re
duction of 12 H percent in textile
mills In New England and New
York state was forecast today in
statement issued after a conference
of textile manufacturers. The Indus
try employs 300.000 persons.
Such a reduction, according to the
statement, would bring the wage
scaie sen ea ties oacx approximately to
the figures that existed a year ago,
and would leave the ware standards
generally more than double those of
The present stagnant condition of
the textile industry made considera
tion of a wage reduction necessary.
it was scarea.
Aim te Cwt Costs.
"It Is evident." said the statement,
"from what has transpired In the last
xew months ttiit there has been an
Insistent and comDelllne demand on
the part of the public that the cost of
living should be lessened by a read
justment of the price of commodities
entering into the expense of daily life.
"Now that the process of readjust
ment has operated in the wage earn
ers favor and Iivinr costs are still
further to be lessened, as the present
low prices cr raw materials are re
flected In retail costs, the manufac
turer can properly take some action
so lessen the labor cost involved in
"The refusal of buyers to purchase
goods for the last four or five months
on a high basis of cost has led to a
stagnation of the markets upon
which the manufacturers depend so
that at present many of the textile
mills in New England have been
obliged to shut down; many more are
working on short time and unless
something is done to remedy tnese
conditions, unemployment will be in
creased and continue
The White Moll." Pearl White,
The Vice of Fools," Alice Joyce.
r A LACE
"The Jail Bird," Douglas Mac
Lean and Doris May.
"Love Madness." Louise Glaum.
"Sweet Lavender," Mary Miles
"The Divorce Game. Alice
(Read amusement ads on page 11.)
'7a order to stabilise conditions so
that goods can be purchased and busi
ness be done, it is indispensably nec
essary, unfortunate though it may be.
that there should be some wage re
duction. "Accordingly. It nas been suggest
ed that a reduction of 22 percent
will aid materially in stabilising the
"If this reduction is made it Is
hoped merchants will feel that the
factor of labor as well as raw ma
terial costs has been so adjusted that
they will feel secure in placing their
order for merchandise.
"If this turns out to be the result,
employment can be provided and It
is hoped the public will respond to
this suggestion and that manufactur
ers will be able to go on with the
manufacturing processes with no fur
ther reduction in the wages of employes,"
HE'S OWN BOSS,
Speech In Senate Viewed
As Warning Against
NO STRINGS ON
President-Elect Has Mind
Of His Own, Is Belief
By DAVID LAWRENCE.
1 T TASH1NGTON, D. C Dec 9.
W President elect Harding's show
of Independence in his farewell
xneech In the senate is the talk of
the national capitot It was not so
much the impressive way the parting
senator appealed to nis colleagues xor
cooperation, but the clear cut em
phasis which he placed upon the pow
ers of the executive that caught the
ear of noUtical Washington and
promptly set everybody gossiping as
10 tne true meaning- 01 nis uuera-ce.
It is a fact that when Mr. Harding
met some of his colleagues they were
almost unanimously against the Idea
of his making a speech at all, some
suggested that It would be Indelicate
for him to address the senate in his
present position, but Warren Harding
showed he has a mind of his own.
He determined to make the speech
because lie had something definite to
say. something that couldn't well be
said 11 ne wre aireaay president: ana
had to address the senate on official
business. He wanted the men in the
senate to know he Intended to be as
insistent upon the powers of the exe
cutive as he had been on the powers
of a senator.
Harding Gives Warning.
He eave a gentle warning that any
thing like "senatorial oligarchy"
wouldn't be tolerated. He referred
more or leas humorously to Gov. Cox's
phrase, "senate obligarchy." but the
significant thing Is that he saw fit
to bring the phase back into this par
ticular speech, at alL
Those who know Mr. Harding's
mind say he wanted to take occasion
to appeal to his friends not to pre
sume too much; not to make his task
hard simply because he bad grown
fo Intimate with his colleagues in
Moreover, he wanted to remove any
suggestion that the senate would con
trol the next administration, as has
been- so a-tnorinarlr suggested from
time to time, nor try Democrats alone,
but by leading; ELepubUcans in the sen-
MOROS DEFY U. S.
Eckicational Agent Murdered When Attempting to Force Chil
dren Against "Customs of Sdu Islanders'; Fighting Men
of Jolo Attack Coctsiabulary Force With Bolos and
Wound Many; Natives Die in Fierce Battle.
jMANlllA. P. L, Dec 9.TWrty Moros were killed in the Suk islands
in a ha trie with the Pt-ftppine consUbulary growing cwt of efforts to
encourage education of dDdren. it was learned here today in official ad
vices from the governor of Jolo, the Philippine province embracing the
aarent named Ala-
jani, a Moro, was killed by Moros on I out. and was met by a force or Mor
The constabulary force was ca"
Pata island when attempting to in
duce the Moros to send their children , Moro
to school. The resented his interfer
ence with their customs, according to
the official dispasch to the interior
armed with bolos. daggers and ot.i
primitive implements or
The battle resulted in 30 Moros b-i;iz
killed and a number wounded Ma-.r
of the constabulary were wourded.
but none killed.
rate, wftb WBroeh the wish is father to
the thought. To be sure. Mr. Hardtng
has found out one thing daring this
brief visit tn Waa&lngtoa, that tbe
most insistent demands for represen
tation in the cabinet, either far them
selves or their friends, has gone from
colleagues tn the senate.
This baa led to two well defined
counter movements, one on the part of
some loyal comrades who really think
they can be of great assistance to
Mr. Harding by their effort to keep
anybody in the senate from going into
the cabinet, and another group which
really wants to have a great deal to
say in the next administration and
thinks the best way to accomplish it
is by retaining in the senate all the
strong men and making the eapitoi
the same center of gravity that It was
In the days of Aldrich and Cannon.
Then there is another campaign be
ing waged with all the subtlety that
politicians can command. They have
obligations of their own to fulfill.
They want to see a particular friend
in the cabinet, but tbe position for
which the latter may be fitted Is be
ing sought by somebody in the sen
ate, or else there is a conflict on the
subject of geographical select ton. It
Is not customary to take more than
one cabinet member from any one
state, so the process of "kiling off the
other fellow" is now in full swing.
Harding Good Listener.
Throughout It all Warren Harding
remains shrewdly noncommittal, list
en, ng attentively even good humor-.
eaiy. sui tne aennite impression is
left by the president elect that nobody
has a cabinet portfolio cinched.
Mr. Harding Is slow to make up his
mind about anything. He is a delib
erate type and he doesn't hesitate to
change his mind when it is once
made up. In that psychology lies
the best chance of Elihu Root to be a
leading adviser in the next adminis
tration. Were the choice to be made
todav. Mr. Root wouldn't have a
chance, but Mr. Harding has yet to
hear from the whole country. He has
yet to learn what Republicans think
about all questions.
He has been away for a saonth from
editorial opinion and the letters of
friends in all sections of America.
Cntlned on page Z, comma 4.)
CALIFORNIAN IN HOUSE SPEECH
WARNS JAPANESE 'DEMAGOGS'
AGAINST ATTACKS UPON U. S.
TJIASraNCTOX. D. C. Dec . Dis-i "vTe of the Pacific coast deny th.tt
rr cussina- the JaDaitese Question tins is tne case," ne aeciarnL no
freely and fiuokftr In & carefully J objection has ever been made to the
prepared address de five red today In admission into this country of Ja--
the house, representative Kahn. of anese professional men, of Japane-a
California, chairman of the military 1 financiers, or Japanese r ligiom
committee, declared America hoped teachers or leaders, or bona fide Ja;
always to a' old war and if "the , anese merchants or Japanese stude-
statesmen the blicists and the poll- or japanse travelers. The sole o
"clans theitators .and the dema-i Jection 8 to th Iaboriaff cias5.
be the ones to bring it on, and not rbr7 "X1" mH:ltnIc or
the Americans. SKilled coolies, I contend the obj-c-
Mr iTahn said he knew he voiced on is pareiy an economic cue.
"the earnest hope and the wish of
every patriotic American that peace
between the two countries may con
"But tbe world." he said, "has only
recently learned that we are not too
proud to fight; nor are we afraid to
fight when we are forced into war."
Adveeates Military TralstMg.
The military committee chairman
took occasion to reaffirm his belief
that a universal military training
policy would best safeguard the
country, and added:
I have not fear thar there will be
war between Japan and the United
States in my lifetime nor even the
lifetime of my ftons, and I am thor
oughly satisfied if my country re
mains measurably prepared, there
will be no difficulty between the two 1
nations at any time."
Mr. Kahn briefly reviewed the his
tory of t ha reiat tons- between the
United States and Japan and with re
gard to the Japanese immigration
problem in California, now tbe sub
ject of treaty negotiations between
the two governments, said stud eats of
international law everywhere bad
recognized the "absolute right" of
any nation te regulate immigration as
it deemed best. Even Japanese stu
dents were familiar with universally
pan herself is doing to the lah-ir----
of China and Korea what she cla.-.i
is racial hate or prejudice w''-t!
done by us to Japanese laborer
Representative Kahn called s-.te-:-tton
to newFpawper dispatches quoting
count Oku ma, head f the Japar-s
peace society, as having -said if th-Uiit-d
States restricted Japan e1 .r
migration by statute instead of
voluntary action of Japan, the -' -rather
than "suffer such pre udicf ta
her prestige must resort to for-? "
Decries War Talk.
"Surely." Mr. Kahn said, "the h-il
of the peace society of Japan doe r
advocate the taking up oi ar- .
against the United States as Indlcati
in the newspaper articles."
From his reading of Japane r
tory, repreeentat iv e Kahn &a.'A e
was sometimes inclined to be e
there are many more political act-tors
and demagogues on the c--md-i
of tbe Pacific than we "an po?-
sibly find in our own country.
-Happily," be continued, "we It
America are not worked into a fvy
of excitement by purely political hL
penlnga.' Mr. Kahn recalled the recent ir -dent
at Tientsin, where American -"c -diers
had been found in tbe Japan-e
police station by tba American en--
general, wounaea nn Dea;-1?
U. S. MONEY FOR RAILROADS
URGED BY FEDERAL BOARD;
WOODEN CARS CONDEMNED
accepted decisions en this point, he
saia. ana aaaea:
"It Ik thfar ntMt wnfrtn na t Bui
that a constant aarltation resardina t when "tbe Japanese officers dn
these matters is maintained by our ny knowledge of their whereaboa
neighbors across the Pacific because f This incident, he declared. in
tbe final effect of such propaganda fair way of amicable adjustment c
and agitation undoubtedly is to install
prououneen natrea 01 America and
Americans among the masses in
Wars A gat t Affttmrrle.
Thls is a decidedly unfortunate
condition of affairs. Indeed. I say
It Is a most serious condition a con
dition that may result, unfortunately,
in grave difficulties between two
heretofore friendly nations.
The speaker said "many public of
ficials in Japan," as well as political
agitators, had "tried to make the
world believe" that opposition to im
migration of Japanese laborers into
the United States was "based upon
tween the government, adding
rne American people naw tic- -become
excited over the affair o
hear no threat of war on the iar; i
American sta t e?men. poll t i s r
Publicists and authors reported t-e
California representative sai :
Japan was "making every effort
unite the yllow races; that lapa-i
under such a program hopes and ex
pects to be the leader c such a race
amalgamation; that she is striving ti
every way to acquire and maintain
the hegemony of the yellow nation
"'Are the Japanese trying to hnoc
about the world-old conflict between
(Ceattssed o page 2, eolsxaa 5.
PROSPECTS FOR IRISH TRUCE
WITH ENGLAND BRIGHTER THAN
SUPPOSED, SAYS LLOYD GEORGE
LONDON. Eng.. Dec 5. Prospects of
an Irish truce, which last night
were generally regarded as hav
ing receded almost out of sight, have
been revived, according to a late edi
tion of the Daily Mail, as a re.nl t of
a private Interview between mon
signor Patrick Joseph Clune. bishop
of Perth, and premier Lloyd George
The archbishop, the newspaper de
clared, conveyed to Mr. Lloyd George
what, in effect, was a message from
Michael Collins, commander of the
Sinn Fein army.
The Dally Mail quotes the premier
imply autocratir- interference on -part
of the government with :
communication of friendly peop.es.
PsMHtpert Vise Refused.
The commission's letter was in
ply to one sent yesterday M rj-e
British embassy refusing an rp 1
tion from th comm.ssion for j. v
of the passports issued by the sta -department
to the six members ci tu
special committee appointed by t
"In seeking to scr.d our commitvr
to Great Britain." says the oinm -sion
letter, "we have but followed tr
suggestion originally given us b
representatives of various groups
prominent in both English and Irsf
life. We had expected that this a't-p
WASHINGTON, D. a. Dec Imme
diate payment to the railroads of
'sums due them under the
guaranty provisions of the transpor
tation act but withheld under the
ruling of the controler of the treas
ury, was declared by the interstate
commerce commission tn its annual
report today to be "vital in order
that the carriers may properly serve
the public The commission recom
mended that congress amend the rail
road act to permit the release and
payment to tbe roads of the money
thus tied up.
Many of the roads are greatly
handlcanned because of their inabil
ity to collect the guaranty, tbe com
The year's rail operations nave de
veloned the need of several other
chancres In laws, the commission said.
It urged congress to amend the inter
state commerce set to provide for tbe
punishment of any person "offering
or giving to an employe of a carrier
subject to the act any money or thing
of value with intent to influence his
action or dicislon with respect to car
service and also to provide for the
punisnment oz tne guilty employe.
ing the awarding of reparations for
damages which, the commission held,
should be a matter entirely for tbe
adjudication of court a
The menace of wooden passenger
coaches was set forth as another sub
ject for legislative action, the com
mission urging that the roads be
compelled to use steel cars In all pas
senger train service.
On the subject of equipment supply
the commission declared that while
the shortage could be minimised by
car conservation and increased effi
ciency, the only permanent solution
was substantial additions 40 equip
ment The latest general statistics of
the commission showed that the rail
roads under Its jurisdiction owned
approximately LICM? freight ears
while an additional 14.0 cars were
owned privately The freight cars
were divided as 1.062.SM box cars. 1.
069.87 open top cars. 107.12s flat cars.
83.000 stock cars, COSC refrigerator
cars and 45,000 cars of miscellaneous
It mav definitely be stated that
nrosDects for a settlement are mum would meet with your appro va:
brighter than they appear on the , view of tfc fact that in his letter f
surface." I October 23. Sir Auckland Gade
Similar information is printed by stated that 'the British governmen
the London Times. has more to gain than anyone in
Urge Irtt VLntt. ! sunns that the truth is made know;
Washington. D. C- Dec 9. Hope , to tne whole world.
Despite the shortage of equipment,
it showed that the volume of freight
carried during the first seven months
of 1920 exceeded hy 17.1 percent tbe
first traffic for the corresponding
period in 1919.
The commission's accident table dis
closes that 6495 Jersons were killed
by trains or in train service accidents
Anurouriate legislation srovernina- dtirine 1919. Of these. 1784 or more
the transportation of explosives was than 27 percent met death in grade
asked as were changes in laws affect- 1 crossing- accidents.
that the decision of the British gov
ernment not to permit the special
committee of Americans to visit
British territory to obtain informa
tion about conditions in Ireland Is
not final is expressed in a letter sent
today to the British embassy by the
commission of the committee of one
hundred Investigating the Irish ques
tion. "If your letter were to represent
the final opinion of the British gov
ernment," the commission wrote, "cer
tain regrettable conclusions would
seem to follow. It would seem to
ExsJaia Amerie-i Interest.
"It was and is our firm conviction
that such a committee as we had in
tended T3 send miRht make plain to
the peoples both of E.igland and Ire
land the compelling reasons :or
America's interest. The Amenc
people are united by ties of b ood tr,
both countries. The Irish ques' .or.
deeply engrosses oar people's interest
"It is literally a domestic is
within the United States. If if
present tragic conditions coatir t
they will menace the world friend
ship and ultimately world pa- e."
RELIEVING THE 1ST DIVISION
IN BATTLE LINE NEAR METZ
yjHAT it was like up beyond Taul. moving into the line during a dark
night to relieve another drvaioa in occupation of the sector in front of
Metz . three months before die end of the war, 15 suggested m today's
instalment of the "Overseas Notebook." which gives yoa an idea of the
impressions you yourself might have received if you had been there. It
isn't often that you fan get hold of "war stuff" entirely free from
imagination as this is, and just plain simple narrative of the little unim
portant things that made up the average mac's r-sener.ce. 1
J r 1
Planting Trees, Yon Help To Abolish The Dust Nuisance And Modify The Summer Hea
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