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, TODAY'S PRICES.
Pesos, SOftc; Mexican gold, $50; nadonales, $2425; tar silver, domestic 99 He, foreign He; copper, 1313c; gram, lover; livestock, higher; stocks, lower. LATEST NEWS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS SERIOUS PROBLEMS LIVESTOCK MEN FACING BATTLE OF THEIR LIVES From An Exporting Nation United States Has Dropped to a Con suming Nation Public Pays Dearly for Meat; Cattlemen Get Prices That Are So Low They Are Being Driven Out Gov t Aid Sought Relief Plans to Be Worked Out Bv a A MARTIN. QUESTIONS vital In At cattle ufolry f &e Unfed Stales, to &e people of dm Unfed States, to 1 Paso ami fee Setawet ia par&Hlar. are to be dttCBued here tbs week. Cattle raisers awl livestock men El fuo Wednesday mornings :-i attendance uoon the American Na tional Livestock association, the big pest end most Important gathering; of stockmen in the world, because it ia a rreetmpr of tremendous purport to a gTf-at industry. Tin Is a crucial time In the history of cattle raising- and the meeting ia or more importance than usual gath erings of this kind. What can be done to put the indus try "on its feet" again and give the t ttleman some of the profit he claims is going to somebody not en- d to it, is the main question at The cattleman knows that beef is filing high, and he knows also, that lif s not getting the money. The r acker claims that he is not getting ' and there are many, many cattle i n wiio win agree even to the pos .o lity of the truth of this statement, mvorceaaetrt of SteeL: Yard. B.vorcement of the packing inter-f-- from the. stockyards, the cattle men want; tsfey are certain of that ! Tiey are divided over many of the! nhf-r things that are said about and ag-ainst the packers. cattlemen are certain that with the packers in control of the stockyards. "ey CAN" be manipulated; whether . - c v are, or have been, remains to be ?-n anar tney are divorced, what t -e cattlemen want are independent stockyards where they can be sure tne. bidding is genuine; where a mar ket cannot be made by the men who control thm t a tm moat of the animals they buy there. They be 1'eve it would be best If the cattle-- en owned the stockyards them selves, but at any rate they do not want the packers to control the yards ana u is not nara to see tne appar ent justness of this. Packers Private Cars. Many cattlemen do not favor mak- rc the packers give up their cold 'rage cars. They do not see how i .s can benefit the meat industry, especially since the interstate com r t-co commission regulates the rates arvhow. Many e;eo incline to the 5 hef that the packers ought to own ' .r own cars If they like, believing : ey can. possibly, get better service fnr leas money from their own cars. Many believe they were mistaken, when they aided the wholesale gro- - f-ra to help separate the packers fmm their grocery business, since tii.s business in a way helped to re : je the overhead charge of the pack ers. Divorcement of the packers from tne handling of other products than t: ose legitimately belonging to the packing business threw all the "over i cad" of the packers onto the packing business. There are many things about which there 15 a question many over which cattlemen themselves disagree ?nd these questions are all to be threshed out here and, because" of their importance on federal legisla tion, the convention is 'of the utmost importance to the producers of meat everywhere, also to the consumer. Want a Tariff. There is one thing the cattlemen unite upon and that is that they want a protective tariff. 9osae of them may et say they are RepablteaM. bey smy say they are "prelection" Denteerats, bat they are all toekJcg tm a Re. publican eougres to give reUef to the rattle industry. Nearly every man has a different grievance. They may all agree upon many points, but you get complaints from different angles if you listen long to the conversation of any g-'-oup of the men gathered here for the big convention. Men who have all their lives been Democrats and boasted of -totiag the Pe eratie ticket, to day assert that the Wilson rale of the past eight years has dene more harm to the cattle Industry than anything that ever hap pened. The war is, of coarse, blamed for - of tb cattleman's trouble, but t is not so much the war as the ad- nun.stratior or maladministration of - measures which the cattleman l lamps for much of his trouble. To Abme Adssialstrarlea. Some mean things are going to be said at this convention about the tariff or more properly the lack of it ard some men who would have ougnt it a sacrilege a few years ago lo abuse the head of the party in the v hite house, will have some unkind things to say of Wood row Wilson and ie things his administration has one to and not done for the cattle i n. Some blame Herbert Hoover's war -emulations for the slump In the cat- e business. These will tell you that Hoover's "meatless days" were never ccssary if be had not been so arbl-'-ary in his ruling that only cattle 'reusing 500 pounds in weight could e slaughtered. They will tell yon ,v-at the "baby beef" thus left and -e cattle that would make perfectly bistable meat, yet could not dress ') pounds, would have furnished the can try all the meat it needed and rould not have depleted the range -a If as much as the "regulations" i d. which were so stringent that they .Continued est Page 8, Column J) Sociability Run For El Paso Cyclists Sunday Afternoon EL PASO cvdSsta, both young and old, are invited to participate in a bicycle sociability ran from Pioneer plaza to Washington park Sunday afternoon starting at 3 odock from is front of The Herald building. Fred St. Onge, national bicycle trick riding champion, has been secured by The Herald to head the run on his 35 year old bicycle and at the park will keep the riders interested by an exhibition of trick and fancy riding. Besides the purpose of promoting interest in the healthful outdoor exer cise of bicycle riding the ride is planned by Mr. Onge to illustrate the sui ter of riding carefully and he will give a talk at the park upon the subject of taking care nf the bicycle and how to avoid accidents by correct handling of the wheel. Mr. St. Onge is well known to vaudeville patrons of the coun try, having been on the stajre with a bicycle exhibition for 30 years. He is tV lunmest trick r.lT in h.' r , 'jeMdes being the best. 1 There Is No BY X All $1 ARIZ.. AND frea aH puis of &e UaHed Slates Boy Of 5 Kills Self When Punished For Having Wet Feet TXETROrr. Mich.. Jan. 1 1. Joseph J Grichvicb, S years old. ended his life last night by shooting himself In the head, according to a statement to police by the lad's rather, Daniel GrlchTleh. The -boy had been punished for coming home with wet feet and sent into the kitchen to dry them, GrichTich said. FINANCE MOST PRESSING NEED FACING GREECE Const antine Hopes For Settle ment of Differences With Allies. Athens. Greece. Jan. 12. CBt the Associated Press. Greece.) King Con stant ine declared today he did not be lieve the British wished a revision of tne Sevres treaty with Turkey, but admitted he had received no direct in timations to this effect. He said he did not expect an attack upon Greek forces around Smyrna, by the Turkish Nationalists and Russian BokmevikL "Finanee is the moat difficult prob lem before Greece.' he continued. There is no reason to suppose the allies will attempt to squeeze Greece under the unfair arrangement made when Greece was very poor, and the matter mar be arrmjured to the6 mu tual advantage of the nations. There seems to be little nope that Ameri cana win aid financially." win Set lea Operation. "The activities of the Greek arssr depends upon tne aJUea." said Con stantino In discussing the sltnatluu hi Asia Minor. I may go to Smyrna. soon to inspect the troops, but not to lead operations. If the Bolshevik! made a serins: camuairn. it will be against Poland or Rumania. They cannot fia-ht everv where." -i snow out iittie anew tne -urae entente. Rumania. Juro-Shvria and- (jzeciaO-siovaJtia, saia tne King, -out lr that entente was really planned to prevent wars in the Balkans, I am In favor of it. The world has had enough of war for the present." "Are you tired of Interviews?" he was asked. "Well, I have had my share in the last few months," he replied, "but I am always glad to talk with Ameri can correspondents as they have proved their trutworthiness. Insist en Food Kxports. Export of food and meats from Smyrna to Constantinople was in sisted upon In a note handed premier Raallia today by Robert de Billy. French minister to Greece. This note Is considered to be a joint communi cation from the allied governments, which have several times protested against the embargo on exports from Smyrna. FRENCH WAR VESSELS SINK RED TROOPSHIP Constantinople. Turkey, Jan. IS. (By the Associated Press.) French destroyers have sunk a transport fly ing the red flag, and carrying soviet troops, presumably to Trebisond. it Is said in a dispatch received here. The encounter took place 19 miles west of Novorossisk, the Irench war Ships attacking the transport despite the fact that it was escorted by a soviet flotilla. The sinking vessel was run aground and a part of the troops and crew escaped by swimming. roe Tenca suxierea no casualties. French Cabinet Resigns After Defeat By Deputies Paris, Prance, Jan. 12. The cabinet of premier Leygues resigned today following its defeat on a vote in the chamber of deputies. The vote waa on the Question of postponing all Interpellations until after the conference of the allied pre miers, set for January 19. the pre mier making his demand for such postponement a question of confi dence. The government's proposition was defeated by a vote of 463 to 125. Substitute For Good American Beef, EL PASO A MONTH IN TEX.. N. M.. HEX.; ELSEWHERE. $1.50. U.S. SEAPOWER IN 1927 WILL RIVAL BRITISH Relative Strength of World Navies Laid Before Committee. WILL LEAD IN MAJOR WARSHIPS BuildingPro gram Will Also Give American Navy Superiority In. Guns. WASHINGTON. T. C. Jan. IS. Secretary Daniels today laid be fore the house naval affairs com mittee what he described as approxi mately complete data on the relative seapower of the three principal naval powers, requested by the committee in connection with the consideration of the question of international dis armament. In appealing before the committee yesterday, the naval secre tary expressed the opinion that no time would be more propitious than the present for a movement toward limitation of naval armament. Tables submitted by the secretary show that while the present effective fighting strength of ihe British navy Includes S38 ships of 1.5SS.442 tons as compared with 330 ships of 778.193 tons for the American navy, comple tion of the author zed building pro gram of this count! y In 1935 will aire it a tonnage superiority in the ratio oi l-ab to one, with approximately an equal number of ships. Superiority Red need. "While the present strength of the American navy was shown to be more than double that of Japan, should the later country complete Its projected program for 1927 in addition to con struction already authorised and this country terminate construction with Its present program. Its naval super iority over Japan In that year, it was shown, would be reduced to a ralto of 1.4 to 1. In major ships and gun power the American navy at the completion of Its present program will have an actual superiority over the British fleet, secretary Daniels said In dis cussing the figures, but it win be "considerably weaker, he added. "In point of light cruisers and other ships needed to protect the main fleet and to carry out blockading and other strategical operations. Inferior In Submarines. "We will be sliarhtlv inferior in rabnsaxines and will hast no modern aircraft carriers amitaote fsr oporat ing wita tne nose," The data submitted or the secretary showed that with too completion of all i resent aothoflsea ouudlng. the enecuve oarxwsnip strength ox tne British navy will be M ships, aggre gating S35.S50 tons; American navy z( emu. aaaiBKBUiur sef.eaw cons: Japanese navy t snipe, ZM.17, tons. The battle cruiser figures win be: Great Britain, i, aggregating 175.460 ions; uniiea owes. , Z5i,wve tons and Japan 8, 270.066 tons. If Japan's projected program for 19ZT 1. antKnrtTMl Unuinar it will rslse her battleship strength n that year, according to the figures, to 13 ships, sggregaltng 411,720 tons and increase her prospective suoeriorltT over the American navy In battle cruisers, giving her 12 ships of that class, aggregating 410.000 tons. This program already has been approved by the Japanese government, secre tary Daniels told the committee bnt there has yet been no appropriations for it. Secretary Daniels declared one of tne most serious snort comings of the American navy at the present time was Its total lack of aneedv aircraft carriers. WORLD WILL DISARM, BLISS TELLS CONGRESS Washington. D- C Jan. 12. Should the United States call upon the na tions of the world 'or ""a full, free and fair discussion of reduction of armaments, the favorable response would be prompt and lrevi table," tn house naval committee was told to day by Gen. Tasker H. Bliss, former American representative on the su preme war council at Paris. "The nation that would come to such a conference and refuse to agree to any proposition looking to dis armament or at least a reduction of Its military establishment'" said Gen. Bliss, "could be written down as the next Germany and the United States could make Its plans accordingly. "Our present form ok civilization cannot stand the great strain of mili tary preparation much longer. The world war was a territio strain on civilisation. The next war will be very much worse." Gen. Bliss said he had discussed dis armament "In a general way and In cident to other matters' with marshal Foch and high British military lead ers. T)id you ever talk It over with any of Japan's or Italy's officials? asked chairman Butler. "I believe I did with Italian rep resentatives was the reply. "Of course the subject on'y came up at that time incidentally. If it were left to me I would not disarm an American soldier nor lav up an American ship until all the great powers had reached an agree ment. declared the general. "If such a .conference were to be held and if the secretary were to make public every Jay an abstract of the proposition put forward and the arguments for and against, with the names of the national representative who made them, the con. mo n people of the world would not allow the con ference to dissolve until at least he first step forward had been taken. I ao not care wnat tne cabinets of the world think, the masses of the people, who pay the taxes, have the vital Interest in this subject." EL PASO, TEXAS. WEDNESDAY EVENING. JANUARY 12. MAN HUNTERS TRAIL BANDIT KILLERS OF 2 IN ARIZONA RAID HHOENIX. Aria Jan. IS. Sheriffs X forces, constables and police of surrounding towns early today were continuing search for two Mexi cans who robbed' a store at Tempe. killed Ernest Htntze, 11 years old. and llilton Spangler and seriously wound ed H. C Baber. one of the propri etors of the store. Tempe Is nine miles southeast of Ehoenlx. Baber made a statement in a hos pital here to a deputy sheriff In which he told how the two bandits had come to the Baber-Jones store at 4:30 p. m. when only Baber ras In the store. Re said one of the bandits remained on guard in front of 'he store while the other forced him to open a money drawer, from which the bandit scooped about $150 into his pockets. moer saia tne oanait tnen snot mm twice without provocation, ojtce through the left shoulder and once through the body. Baber fell to the floor In the office of the store and the bandits dashed out. At the front door they began fir ing into the street. One of the first bullets struck Ernest Hintse. who was passing the store. He died almost in stantly. Spangler, a night watchman, re turned the fire and a lively fusllade followed. Spangler shooting four or five times before he fell with a bul let in his stomach. A crowd had begun to gather at MURCHISON ASSERTS HELMUS ADMITTED MISAPPROPRIATION TO FIRST NATIONAL OFFICIALS T7RANK M. MUKCHISON. vies prest X1 dent of the First National hank. testified In United States court Wednesday morning that Carlos Hel mus. former assistant cashier of the First XafJsnal bank, had admitted having misappropriated money in large sums from the bank. He testi fied that the admission came at the end of a Ioig aeries ST an silinilmi at which Juan CreeL pHle of Hel mus. and James G. sMHsy. president of the First National 'ank. were g resent, besides hlinsilf and Helm us. testified that HeQrras made out a list of bis alleged transactions. When Judge Dan If. Jackson took Mr. Murchison for the cross-examination for the defence, a dramatic scene followed. Judge Jackson attempted to snow tne jury tnnt tne many of ficials of the bank, closetina- them selves with the youthful Helmus. had pitted their combined wits against those of the lone boy in a battle for nours, wnereupon the youthful slatant cashier broke under the strain and made admission which he later repudiated. The line of questioning was tense and dra- ssauc. Judge Jackson brourht from Ifr. Murchison the admission that Hel mus nad said, under questioning from bank officers, that the shortages in money were known by "the Moves' at the Union bank, long before Its onaonosxion wttn tne Texas and then the First NalonaJ. On redirect examination, however. Mr. Murchison said Helm as made this statement prior to his final con fession of guilt. The courtroom was packed Wednesday by spectators, in contrast to the small "gallery" of spectators the first two days of the trial. Helmus is pleading not guilty to an Indictment of 52 counts charging him with embezzlement, misapplication, and misappropriations and making false entries in connection with al leged defalcation of more than 175, 00 of fnnds of the First National bank of El Paso while he was em ployed as assistant cashier at that In stitution during January, February and March. 1920. Testimony Wednesday morning fol lowed the same general lines of attack laid out by government prosecutors on the first day of the trial. Instru ments by which the alleged viola tions were made were introduced, with continued effort to establish that such instruments were prepared by Helmus without consent or authorisa tion of those alleged to have been victimized. Calderon Star Witness. Examination of Rafael Calderon, Jr.. head of a private banking institution of Chihuahua City, and one of the star ITOY eminent Witnesses. wnt rnntlnnMl Tuesday afternoon. His examination consisted primarily of denials to sign ing, or to having authorized the sign- ; ing of 14 instruments memorandums of cashiers checks principally and upon which more than 30 of the 52 counts in the indictment against Helmus are based. The Kovernment also introduced . witnesses who were questioned with regard to a deficit slip which Involved , the alleged embezzlement on Helmuss i VILS0N QUITS WHITE HOUSE ON MARCH 3 Washington. D. C. Jan. 12. Changes In the clans for the lnantrn- ration of president-elect Harding wilH not incenere witn tne intention or president Wilson to accompany Mr. nara ing to tne capitoi wnere tne lat ter will take the oath of office, it was learned today. Mr. Wilson thus on Ifarch 4 will make his first appear ance at tne capitoi in more tnan a year and a half and also his last ap pearance as president of the United States. After Mr. Harding takes the oath of office he and Mrs. Hardin ir. in ac cordance with custom, are expected to entertain Mr. and Mrs. Wilson at luncheon. President Wilson plans to leave the white house for the home here which he recently purchased March 3, the day preceding his retirement from office. The ancient dispute as to whether Jefferson rode horseback to take his oath of office or walked to the capitoi is revived bv the plans for simplicity in the coining ceremony. One writer who gives his authority as "an English traveler." says Jeffer son rode horseback and tied his horse near the site of the congressional library. Another writer, however. announcing the horseback story S3 a myth, declared Jefferson intended to ride to the capitoi in state with a coach and four, but his coachman. Jacky Kpps. failed to get the horses nn tirtiA and Jefferson walked from his lodgings, lOu yards from the I capitoi. HERALD MENACE STOCKMEN Texan Inherits 400 - Barrels Of Whisky; Seeks Mexican Pass WICHITA FALLS, Tex Jan. 12. DlspoMl of a fort jne In whlaky which was Inherited by K- W. Fowler Is awaiting a ruling from federal prohibition of ficial. Fowler, npon his return from LeaTenwortb. Kan, where his In heritance has been in storage for the last eight years, said he had applied to the government offletVn for permission to ship the liqnor to Mexico. ' There are 49 barrels of the "fortune" In storage. the sound of firing in the store, but scattered when bullets began to rain In the street aBd the bandits made their nctp. under cott of darkness Search was commenced at once an1 a posse from the sheriffs office ras soon searching tb. toads In motor cars. All towns is central Arizona were notified to watch for the ban dits. A detailed description of the Mexicans, given by Baher. had bee-i telephoned to the part of $12, Set gold, and upon which. six counts ox tne inoicaneni are based. Many Witnesses Heard. Thomas Darling, superintendent of tne El Paso ornces or the western Union: E. w. Kayser. vice president of the First National bank; J. L. Coggeshall. chief clerk at the same insTituTion, ana ttsiaer on as u, priv ate secretary to Helmus at the time the. alleged offenses were .committed, were examined Tuesday afternoon. Coggeshall and Urias were ques tioned particularly with regard to a sum of Sl-trS In gold, upon whose alleged misappropriation by the de fendant part of the indictments are based. Introduction by the-government of letters, telegrams and otner docu mentary evidence was greeted almost without exception by vigorous objec tions from Dan M. Jackson, question ing for the defence. Robert T. Neill, special pi peels sr. sad B. B. Elf era. assistant district attorney, alter nated during use afternoon in ques tioning witnesssm CaWeron. Oroaa Bramlaed. The afternoon session began with CsJderon's cross suramins tjpn. He said hs had known Helmus tor several years, and had done business successively with the Union Bank & Trust company, then with the Texas Bank ft Trust company which ab sorbed the Union company, and then with the First National bank after It had taken over the Texas Bank & Trust company. After his own banking business was established, he said, the El Paso institutions acted as local correspondent for them, as he acted ss correspondent for them In Chihuahua City. Helmus. he said, had been affiliated with each of the three Institutions, continuing with the ab sorbing concerns after each consoli dation. Calderon asserted that he fre quently had trouble from incorrect bank statements. Much correspond ence, usually carried on through Helmus. he said, had resulted. Letters Brought to Court. Judge Jackson asked that copies of such letters now in possession of the First National bank be brought into court, and a writ for them was Issued after Judge W. R. Smith had required tne derence to aescnoe snecincauy the character of correspondence de- si reo. On cross examination, Calderon said Helmus now has an account In Cal- deron's bank. The money, about 9700, Calderon said. Is to meet .a small aeot owed oy neimus to mm. Judge Jackson questioned the wit ness as to how he, a citizen of a foreign country, had been reached by subpena to the trial. Calderon re plied that he was served while in El Paso, and later admitted that officials of the First National bank had urged mm to oe present to testuy at tne trial of Helmus. He was asked if the bank's request was accompanied by any threat. A prompt and flat denial was the answer. Did yon lose anythlnST ss a result of the alleged manipulations of Hel- ( Continued on Page 2. Column 1) U. S. ARMY IN GERMANY CUT TO 8000 MEN Washington. D. C, Jan. 12. Reduc tion of the American forces of occu pation tn Germany from 15,000 to 8000 has been ordered by the wsr depart ment. Secretary Baker wrote today to representative Byrnes, Democrat, South Carolina, that the reduction al ready was under way. He added that the ultimate withdrawal of the en tire force was a matter "for future consideration,'' The cost of operating the force of 15,000 was approximately 975.000 a day. Mr. Baker said, but under the terms or the armistice Germany must pay the maintenance. Boy, 6, Samples His Father's Moonshine; Is Now In Hospital CHICAGO, IXL. Jan. 12. Daniel Mclrney. jr.. 6 years old. is In a serious condition at a hos pital today because he sampled same of the moonshine whiskv his father had bottled and stored in the basement. The police will turn Daniel Mclrney. sr.. over to federal authorities today to answer charges of violating the Volstead act. And The Industry Is Not Begging 1921. CARRIER DELIVERY. (1 A MONTH. 8INQL.E COPIES, ( GENTS. MECHEM URGES JAPS BE SHUT OUT OFSTATE New Mexico Governor Also Wants Drastic 'Blue Sky' Law For The State. ASKS MONEY FOR FLOOD CONTROL Says Stop Judges 1 And Clerks Assisting Voters To Mark The Ballot SANTA FE. N. M Jan. 12. Recom mendation of the passage of a t.l amaHklik -a avMiulInc Tan. ess and a drastic "blue sky" law were two unexpected features of the shortest gubernatorial message on record in this state, delivered by Gov. M. C Mechem to the fifth New Mexico legislature when It convened in joint session at noon today. The message covered only four snd a half type written pages. The Kovernor adhered closely to the party platform featuring economy and retrenenment ana especially recom mended legislation as follows: Permittins women to hold state office. Statewide primary law for nomina tion of all candidates. Adequate budget system. Later date for opening 1 .legislative sessions. ' Removing tenure limit from county and stats school superintendents and placing minimum salary for first grade teachers at J 1200. Establishment of state gams com mission to take orer the game war den's work. Bipartisan laijp commission. To Keduee Corporation Commission. One cornoration commissioner in stead of three, with greater authority. Flat rate income tax. Ad valorem system of taxing mines. Short ballot. Horizontal reduction; of all tax levies. Limitation of taxation for all pur poses. Amendment of election law which now permits Judges and clerks to mark ballots. Abolishing mounted police, road su perintendents, superintendent of In surance and legal adviser to governor. Preventing land ownership by all not eligible to citizenship. The aovernor asked only one appro priation, that of SIO.OO for the sur vey oi tne tuo uranoe vaiiey for uooa prevention. v He recommended an amendment giuisuT the legislature power to con solidate the state educational institu tions. Fesipeue Legislature. "In order to make a budaret system effective, the meeting of the legisla ture snouia be nxea xor a nuer oay than at present, as it Is absolutely Impossible for a governor, new to the duties of the office, to prepare and submit a budget la the short time now at his disposal. This will likewise require a constitutional amendment," asserts the governor. In submitting the majority and minority reports of the special rev enue commission, the governor says: "They are entitled to serious consid eration at your hands, as they repre sent a great amount of Intelligent and impartial investigation of the tax sit uation in this state. The discussions and recommendations they contain, particularly on the budget system, the (Ceo tinned on Page 4 Column 3) COMMUNISM 4N RUSSIA HAS BROUGHT HUNGER, DISEASE, AND DEATH, T" 15 KLIN. Germany, Jan. 12. Frank D expressions of disappointment over conditions in Rmssia, togeth er with assertions that American workmen would never' pursue soviet methods, are declared, by 3C Schwartz, an American Socialist and a resident of San Francisco, to hsve been .e sponslble for his four months im prisonment in Bolshevik jails In Mos cow. Schwartz and his wife were ar rested on August S and released on December 3. Mrs. Schwartz died In Reval on December 20 from the ef fects of the hardship she endured. Schwartz went to Moscow last June and attended the second congress of the third Internationale. 1-c said here yesterday efforts were made to dis guise the real situation in Russia, but that he had detected the condi tions which prevailed. Bitter Disappointment. I was broken hearted by what 1 saw." he continued, 'and realized what a terrible misconception ray wife and I had of the soviet govern ment before we arrived in Russia. We were cold, and could not conceal our disappointment. The Bolshevlki came to realise our condition. Wll helm Dlttmann, Herr Crisplen, Ernest Daumig snd Herr Stoecker, four Ger man Socialist leaders who were dele gates to the soviet congress, knew we had visited many sections of the country and that I spoke Russian. As a result they asked me my opinion of the situation. I spoke frankly tell injr tltem it was unnecessary for me to discuss miseries which were ap parent to even a casual observer. "My frank statements probaMy led to our troubles. Later Boris Rein stein, of Buffalo. N. K.. and a prom inent Socialist leader.eked me when a revolution would 'take place In America and how the Communist rirty was progressing there. I told Im frankly I did not think Ameri can workmen would ever adopt Rus sian methods snd that there was no Communist party In America. Eater Jehu Reed. He repested my remarks to John Reed, the author, who died last fall, v. ho came to me and asked me to repeat my statements. I explained to him that I did not say there were no Communists tn, America, but that I had asserted the Communists did not hae a party organisation. "On the night of August (. st 11 oclock. an armed guard called at my 20 A TARIFF DUTY IS URGED AS AN IMMEDIATE STEP President of American National Livestock Aawdatiori Sets Forth Tkk as One of the Great National Needs Aho Favors a 1 National Livestock Coaunusion and Increased Credits War Regulations Are Harshly Criticised. A TARIFF duty on farm products at the earliest possible date, increased credits, and early adoption of legislation now pending in congress pro viding for the appointment of a commission to stnperrise the livestock industry were urged as necessary steps for the rehabilitation of the cattle srrowinar Industry bv John B. Kendrick. of Sneridar -at uie very iima wnen areiuunis f -i CJOHNB-KENDRICK Products of the far- made shipment of tnos vAyiHiwiwuiuwu products prohibitive" were assigned as furtnrr causes for the present unfavorable condition of the industry. Makes 33 Cents a Sheep. He estimated that increased freight, yardage and commission charges amounted to from 50 to 100 percent during the last year. ZZ 0 -An extreme case in connect' MEXICAN REDS FLAY GOMPERS IN LEAFLETS u. S. Rule in San Domingo Also Attacked By Pan American Labor. Mexico Cltr. Mex, Jan. 12. Or the Associated Press.) Roolntloas were received todav bv the Pan-Amerieaa Federation of Labor congress, a mo tion having- been adopted that all res olution, mcst be submitted before 5:30 odoek this afternoon. Cajsment on occupation of San Domlnco by United States marines waa again heard from Carlos Gracl dad. a Mexican delegate, who referred to tb. section of the sttretary's re port dsallnt; with the efforts of the Amariesn Federation of Labor to se enr native rule in th. latand. and nonnested that tb. awsssst congress make a renewed protest "as thwre Is danfrer the same forea mar ba applied Is Mexico. Radical. Attack 6omarra. Radical agitators who but week threatened to provM. at least some excitement to the sessions of the congress, nave sot been particularly active, although the delegations are daily presented with soviet and com munist literature, which Is largely a personal attack on Mr. Gempers. who ha asserted to be "unrepresentative of the laboring masses." The America, delegation, headed by Mr. Oosspers. paid a formal call on Plutarce E. Calws. secretary of the interior, last eveninr for the purpose oi thanking him and the government for courtesies, which had been ex tended. Gen. Calles told the delega tion the government encouraged such meetings as the congress and was willing to give all possible aid to the Pan-Americas organisation. SAYS TRAVELER hotel snd arrested my wife and me. throwing us into separate Jails. For two months we received no sugges tion relative to the charges lodge! against us. My wife could not speak Russian and suffered from her soli tary imprisonment. At the end of two months I was called brre M. Feld man. chairman of the committee tn charge, who asked me if I would re port to American workers that it was a mistake that I had been ImprhK ned, hinting that I would be released if I should rive this promise. I told him I might forgive the wrong X had suf- fered, but was sure my wife never would, and I asked to see her. "After ."SSj'Sh. Sh was emaciate and miserable, and . J ? J" ; forn,eJ I verwsly affected the cattle raisins ana n. b 1 now I appear i shipping- industry. He assert? iK befor. her wita my fac covered with the farm and ranch industry is tn Ions frray whiskers. I aeked her not v.rv lif. mA i r i A. . to cry and worry, and she indignantly protested, declaring- she Dad no tears left and could not possibly cry be- cans, of the great Injustice whlcn naa been done us by t&e my persons (or whom we had worked for many years. M. Feldman said e would be re leased immediately, bat there was an other long-, weary watt before orders were received for us 10 prepare im mediately to co to the statlon.- urs. Schwartz was known 21 vears In America as a Soda1tst worker un der the nam. of Jessie 1L Molle. To Tell Worker. Troth. "Before I went to Russia.- he said, "I came to Berlin and visited Mrs. Earl Liebknecht to express my sym PVby with her over .he death of her husband, whom she haa charged Nosk. with mnnleiintr. Now I have come to see her ag-ata and tell her Communist leader, in Russia have killed my wife and that I am going to America to Mil the working peo ple the troth about the soviet gov ernment which I formerly amypa thlzed with thoroughly and supported. "I want to tell them vhat that sec ond congress of tb. Third Interna tionale was. It was ' nly Zlnovief f. Bukharin. Lenlne and Trotsky. It was all cut asd dried. Members -war told what action to take, and they did not dare do otherwise. . -Communism is Ruula Is barbar ism: it tol.ratea tmrri.oiim.nf nr- secutlon and execution without trial; it nas Drought Russia starvation, dis ease and death. There Is no govern ment. It is a worse sutoeracv than the czaristic govrnment. and I lived there for over years under the HOME EDITION WEATHER FORKCAST. El Pass, cloudy, winer; west Texas, cloudy, warmer; Mew Mexico, fait, warmer; A moat, fair, warmer. PAGES, 2 SECTIONS. TODAY. wyow in an address before the annual convntio-i of the American National Livestock association which opened here today. Mr. Kendrick is pres -dent of the association. The history of oar llvesieelc fades try the past year Is unpleasant eve to recall, nueh less to relate. declared Mens tor Kendrick. "Vie had met discouragement m year ago. We have met disaster since. A generation of men has ee d gae since any Industry has suffered such a saeeesslon Saatorkendrick sketched the troubles of Industry, beginning with drouth conditions tn t southwest for two or three years, an Increas meat Imports in 1970. a decrease in meat exports the same period, and the absence of markets ' -wool at any price. Increased labor costs, "fl doubling up of taxes." and increased freight ratPt WllD 111 IB ftllUaVLIVn, lav oVJU. shown in a shipment of sheep fron Wyoming in uecemDer. u;y. in wn.c i the coot of movement, freight and other charges involved in Ute ship ment and sale of -sheep amounted t" 13 .224. 64. while the gross receipt from the shipment were J2.87S II. leaving the net amount received on v 253.45. or slightly orer 22 cents a head. . "Manifestly." he continued, "ther? should be at the earliest possible da' a tariff duty Imposed upon fan-i prod ucts st least equal to offset the cos of domestic production tn excess : the cost of foreign production. Ex perience will some day compel as -understand that the Question of tar;" should be forever eliminated fro politics. "Whether imposed far the pnrpeoe of protection ov revenue it should be dene scientifically with due re jcard to the welfare of the gen eral pabHe as well as to the Industry involved. If U eco nomically sound to Impose a tariff for both preieetien and for revenue on mannfaetBred artl eles. ft Is jMt aa aoud to gire the sasae consideration to the redacts that constitute the very hos4s of ear natleaoJ welfare 1 those products en the farm and Pointing out that the longest ban loan that can he obtaalned on live stock is six months, while the proems of production of cattle extends o -a period fit three years at the lea" Kendrick declared "nothing would give greater impetus to the produc tion of livestock at this time than a changs in our laws which would pro vide a sound, rational system financing that would extend to sma producers loans in limited amoun.- ' FoHtlelans Are Uze Nero. He charged that "the long draw--! out controversy over the ratifieat; of the peace treaty and the readjr--ment of foreign relations in Wash ington, and the resultant demoraliz -tioo and even destruction of tra.-1 relations stands as eloquent test -mony to the fact that the poUticar In Washington have been, like N flddUng while Rome was burning Opened by Prayer. The convention was opened by a" Invocation by Rev. George W. it. CaU. Following the invocation ma Charles Davis formally welcomed it livestock men to the city. C K. Basset t, president of ir chamber ot commerce, also extendi a welcome on behalf of the bus-ct-s and financial interests of the r. Mr. Bsssett said he had read every thing he could find on present co diftons and had finally come to : conclusion reached by W. W. Tur.it:. president of the Texas Cattle Rac ers association that conditions ar the result of the upheaval, the and only time could bring us ba . to normal Mr. Turney followed presiden; Kendrick on the urogram. H.s s-b Ject was "The Cattle Business. P--- et ana Future." He talked .i'mi, the lines of his address Tja;ch nlrht at the dinner at the Shel.lo pointing out the difficulties and suf 1 g est ing unity m the entire .cdustr and menaiy legislation as the so..- SJI?:;Lf" .?-T condiUoBS which k, jhS Cheap Lak.r I. deeded. I The farama- and Mt it.-a,. were sofferine from competition v.:i raw material from foreign countries Imported duty free. Mr. Pryor n. clared. "If they ar. forced to do th:s then poverty la their heritage tb. producers are as much entitled to a tariff on th. so called raw materia, aa the manufacturers," he asserted. "Why should they be compelled to sell In a free market and buy in a pro tected one? It ia unjust discrim. ra tion. "Wa can never prosper under a sja (CMttaaed .a Pase g. damn 5 Headliners In Today's Theater DUOS Prairie Trails." Tom Mix. CRAWVORD "Th. Oirl Frem Paris." ELLANAY "Waal Women Love." Jmnette Kellerman. GRECIAN -Just Out of College," Jack Plekford. PALACE "The Restless Sex.- Marios Da vies. ri tiro "Her Unwilling Husband." Blanche Sweet. MHUE "Something Different," Constance Binney. WIGWAM "Palace of Darkened Windows," Claire Anderson. (Raad amusement ads on rag. 17.) For Favo