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Forever ff COLIC H HORSES Laf collo arc « , "" M EUwuor* AH!"" 1 - 1 ' EJJtr somewhat with Bfcyrf the disease, ''" > Ibbwi^ Eoasumleiily - r "' EmsSJ tbe horse gees EJar lv the hillcl , i ,l:,r 1>"«' S ■TZjup, shakes himself [Seated only with dittl- Prflen totters, groans, gllad lees at the nbdo |Lj , t his hind quarters. |a a breeding tupnotch Salo this count, v-tins been Msnrhit by the difficulty ■■Mfh clans, mare?. Tli. EJcmnem subsidizes the Bison mares, and tlieii Ere been slow tn part with pad them have come tv Br every year, however, ■pt tUllions have been >e giaerlcan importers tot pn T.V.r use has pro fit* ol mares capable of f"Sa belt, as has been dem ■ h;-recent shows The U Asnrteaa hr*. iters In P B net surprising. They g so> maintained but im —r breed they have tht old world. llvtMr ttauils over a! the ■p Ms back, streiehes the ■ Mck aud places Ihe hunt Wf.au body. As a rule. I lie Bdewii very carefully ami fpfa* attempts tv lie down. Ms** may threw liiiuself S»hV ground. He may li, 9 IKI kick violently. He ■•wfiwelj- and bloat ami die Jp w five hours from tin- Wjm onset of an attack of PWH to give one ipiart of Pi sB. to which has I i parnoe of spirits of turpeu jMrams of flniil extract of m ft*d should be entirely I* at least twenty-four lA* plenty of water. If Paalve It should he prompt a trocar by an ex mW~ l W. Kalktis. Wash gj*"M't Station. iMirr»win9 Sow. fjwihl nut bo fed much of Pf-tweniy fotir j hours it I ter %1h» will he more or less «M Ihe water she •M do uot feed for n day or Psftftl alvfii should be tlie Ptad lieen receiving before PJ »«d should fHd , n „ **** » tlilu slop The feed Increased as pigs intake the milk until sow EJ «* Mil eat of ~ good I" facing feed. Ordluu I?!*** 1 " rtould be taken f • ™i feed Small Cows. ' Wkroniiln experiment sta- P*«i found „,.„ t|)e |urKc ij"™* Profit per cow tbau Cow » "00 pontids nnd products worth $54 R» 1000 pounds. $r.ur,; * 1.100 pounds. $0fi.28; .J* pounds. $72.21; H » pounds, $72.01; IlsJ' 40 " [)oun ' ,B • W*m pounds. $88.01. Mr •*» hook on "Farm Man' | k \™ un >e>itl>iK on the jfL. '" r « e animal, of !£• ■Mb more economical g"m room and usually ■jS** more tallk for the KpT cows oS ed •fast. . Ba . me •"Weney as more effleleiit tban have low, Bng . orse than ,tlng t,,elr polling or Stock. PC,!! afor, " ,,! " '"rough W \ w,rn > In cold Democracy! A DAWK OF BRIGHTER HOPES—A LIGHTHOUSE POR THK NATION'S SAFETY DAIRY WISDOM. All the extra feed given the cows now la n good Investment tor |»reaeul returns nnd in tbe stored up energy needed t<> go Into winter nun rt era, Every farmer Bliould plan to have the dairy in condition to pay n proltl every day during the winter. Alfnlffl nnd the sllo w ill wofh wonders in the dairy, lint they are not the whole thing Cowa und cleanliness have their part. Belling the young heifers Unit ore from the best cows is mov ing backward in dairying. Heifers bred t"" early always remaiu stunted In growth nnd their milk Bow is shortened for nil time. Tin: Ayrshire nnd Guernsey type of dulry cm tic arc Increas ing in favor in tbe middle west ern states Economy Hints A penny saved is a penny earned.— Benjamin Franklin. BRACELESS GATEPOSTS. Original and Satisfactory Method of Holding Stakes In Place. When putting Up fencing, especially arnuiul gardens and lawns, it some times is desirable to omit wood or oth er above ground braces for tbe sake of doing a mat job, yet the fencing must be tight and kept so. Tbe sketch Illustrates a method high ly satisfactory even when used on large gates. If gateposts are set in deep and a few stone- pouuded in Blta ly around the bottoms. liig a shallow BRAI BUMS GATEPOST. trench between tbe posts and connect thi hi with two or c strnuda of gal vanised wire snd -spii.-,- tbe ends slip the strands into tbe trench, twist A with a short stick till you draw posts together firmly ngainst the soil, then cover up the w ire. > The "pUll" of the fence ellllliot lop them over, because tbey are pulling against ench other. In setting any kind of p '-t- always tump the soil very finii the first few Inches in bottom of hole. That is the secret of firm posts •Farm and Fireside. Cemert Floors Pay. Investigation i uei tion with feeding sleers carried on lo the Ohio experiment station bus demonstrated that the value ol Ihe manure for each animal was more than f i greater when the f iiiiL' was don eiuelil Moors than when earth Boors wen iployed. The result would lie practically the same wen- the Boors plunk <f tlie seep age of the liquid manure were eventu ally losi through chemical changes and other avenues of escape. The loss would. ~f course. 1,,, much less where the animals are kept under cover and bedding i- freely used, thus allowing the muss tv lie pin ked Into a thick stratum during the wilder season. Bracing Posts of Sheep Corral. The sheep corral is an Important place to fence, for it should bu built strung enough so if the herd should stampede they Will not be utile to tear It down, says the lowa Homestead. A corral for sheep is often made of Quid fencing nt tlie bottom nnd several strands of tightly st r<•to he d bnrb wires nt the top. Kooth posts, such as cedar or split walnut, are tlie best for high corral, Set them QrmTy and brace the corner posts very securely, illustration shows how to brace. To (Bake ii good fastening nt the corners of n sheep corral or any fence bring a length of wire back from the front of tlie post so It w ill extend clear around It. Then lap these wires nt tlie other side. The wires may also be stapled. A gate which swings from a tall guide pole is the kind for a sheep corral. Fix something to fasten tlie gate to when it Is open: otherwise the gnte Is apt to swing to .it the wrong time when tbe wind springs up suddenly. Fasten a gate of tins type with a chain and hasp. Banish the Sheep Tick. Ticks arc reddish Bxny Insects that rive the blood sucked from the ■beep One of the quickest ways to lose ney In sheep raising Is to allow your flock lo ho half eaten by ticks. The very best treatment Is to dip them, usiug a good commercial dip. Cbe Ellensburs Dawn. Vol. x\. GROW MORE CORN IN KITTITAS VALLEY The tarmen of Kittitas vallej "ill om- of theac day- learn thai they have for years been misaing ■< valuable crop in corn — both for the grain nnd stalk. Soin.' yeara ago corn growcra in ibis valley, measured land and measured corn, yielded 100 bushels p, r acre, There'a not a farmer in the valle] bui that could plan) 11 v• - five to ten acres each ye"ar. and wuh profit, too He might not gel a bij yield every year, bul be would gait enough to make it a profitable crop. For years we have planted i small patch with pleasure and profit.Some of the early d.nt varieties seem 10 us the most profitable as they mature early, usually iv about 100 clay- The farmera could in thi- way raise'much of their hog feed and corn feed in conjunction with alfalfa, produces the finest pork imaginable and it cm he produced wonderfully cheap too. The time is coming and il i- nol far in the distance either. whenKittitasval ley will produce her thousands of bushels of corn and corn cribs will he as common as straw-stacks ate now No doubt there are thos.- who will laugh at this prediction, but let the laughers keep their eye on Kittitas and mark Well the prediction. When we lirst land in Kittitas valley in 1891 we were told that Kittitas -oil would nol produce 'good alfalfa or clover, beans or tomatoes and wheal was the principal crop, everybody raised wheal Later on wheat gave way lo timothy clove r and alfalfa and abundant crops of each are produced annually. The farmers are now gradually working back to diversified farming, raising hay. oats, wheat, barby. rye. onions and potatoes and soon corn will be added to the list, in fact some com* template planting five to ten acres next year. Year by year we work into diversified and intensified farm ing. The day ol simply planting and is past. We must do our best to get two blades of grass, two stalks of grain, two potatoes, two onions and two ears ol corn next year where on ly one grew this year. Good soil, proper cultivation and the judicious use of water, nether 100 much or too little, but enough, .md at the right, times, will do the business. In the mean time do not move the barn to get away from the manure, but move the manure from your barn on lo your land with a spreader—if you can do so—il not any way to gel out and on the land spread out liberally. 11 will pay well to spread out on your land, but is worthies lo yon so long as it is allowed to remain in a heap or spread out all over your barnyard. When .Mark Twain was editor of a Missouri paper a subscriber wrote to hitn saying that he found a spider in bis paper, and asking bun whether that was a sign of good luck or bad. This was Twain's answer. 'Finding a spider in your paper was neither good luck or bad luck for you. The spider was merely looking over your paper to see which merchant is not advertising, so that he can go to that store, spin his web across the door ..and lead a life of undisturbed peace ever afterward.—Fx. Kllensburg. Kittitas County, Wash., Dec. 4, 19:3. THE THREE STEPS TO RUIN In every town and hamlet iv the country can he found men who ought to lie engaged in hetter business, whose sole object in life seems to be only to lead boys into the ways of having a good(?) time, when as a matter of (act they are wiltullv and maliciously corrupting their morals and dragging their souls into hell. Then too, there is another class ot people m the employ ol the devil that are soul wreckers and heart smashers. We commonly call them tattlers. Combine the two classes and we have the devil on earth and hell in our midst. A union suit fits either, but as a rule one can be found in trousers aud the other in a petticoat, and neither are fit to associate with respeetahle people and ought to be shunned at every turn and ostracised by every other human being on earth. Those of us who have reared a family and passed the turn of life and are traveling down the shady side of the hill, have witnessed much of these degraded and degenerated classes and are able to speak on this subject as one having author ity, and in so doing we protest against their work with our posterity. How often do we hear it said of a boy or girl who have drifted into the hands of this lecherous class and are walking in forbidden paths, "It's the way they were allowed to grow up; they were improperly raised; it is no matter tor their parents; they rte not fit to raise children, etc., etc." There may be instances where such is the case, but in most cases, the child has departed from home training by and through the advice of associates, who possess more power and influence over them than their parents, and having once got firmly installed in the clutches of the hu man devils, they go from bad to worse and finally, in many cases, become unfit for God or man, and if we could uncap hell and take a peep into the infernal region we are sun 1 we could see those of the twoclasses mentioned in the first paragraphs of this article, there in abundance tar in excess ot all other clssses of (iod's crea tion. The three steps to moral degredation are: The pool hall, the saloon and the house of prostitution. Mark Twain's Idea All The News and the Truth about it —A PEOPLE'B SHIP »)K STATE —A GOVERNMENT OF JUSTICE POR ALL MEN TWO SIDES TO THE QUESTION .lu-t to look al tin otln-r -nb- of it for a minute, read what Julius Krntt schmitt, chairman of th,- executive committee of tin- Southern Pacific railroad and president of tin- Ameri can Hallway association, said recently in a discussion of "The Railroad as a Public Servant' i Wh'-n Congress wastes millions of dollar.- and -tat.- legislatures squan der million- moi'i-. there is hardly a passing comment, I he money is easi ly obtained. li is raised bj taxation ami wheh expenditures Increase-, whether for good reasons or not. lax is can be and art equally increased Ihe railroads, equally servants of the public, cannot raise money with such case and facility. Tiny can git it only by rendering tin- services of freight and passenger transportation. The national and state governments can make their incomes cover tbeir expenditures because they control bulb ihe income and tin- expenditures The railways must keep their expen ditures within their incomes, because while they have some control over their expenditures, they have almost no control over tbeir incomes, their passenger and freight rates being lixed by public authorities. Do you suppose Fred Warren ever thought ol such a comparison! And yet it is essentially a true one and one we are likely to overlook.—Wash ington Standard. Second Time at the Bat <;. H. McNeil informs us that our correction of the matin regarding J. S. Anthony in our issue of last week was not quite satisfactory. I' l ' says tin- county paid his way* to Hi. Louis. Mo., with th,- underatanding in writing now on file in tin-Auditor's office, tbat hi- was not to return to Kittitas county. The board secured bis transportation to St. Louis at half price about what it would cost to keep him a month and il was regard ed as far better to do this than to have to kee"p him here, though he was of the worthy poor. lie also says that the report thai th board had refused to allow or pay for the tobacco smoked and chewed by th unfortunatees of the poor house is false and untrue in every particti lar; that it is th, aim and desire of the board to make thi' unfortunate inmates as comfortable aa possible in table comforts, intellectual food and bodily raiment. Never by Conquest ■ I want to take tbis occasion to say that the United .States never attain will seek one additional foot of terri tory by conquest. She will devote herself to showing that she knows how to make thi' most of honorable and fruitful territory she has. And she must regard it as one of the dot ies of friendship to see thai from no quarter are matererial Interests made superior lo human liberty."—Presi dent Wilson at Mobile. Ala., Oct. 87, 1918. REPULSIVE DOCTRINE WITHOUT A CAUSE Somebody gem ns an "Appeal to Reason" the other day. We do nol know why—maybe they thought we needed It—but anyhow »* were ab« sent minded enough to glance over tbe lirst page where we discovered this opening paragraph to an extended dis enssion of What I Believe," by Fred I). Warren i 1 believe in the eon I isca lion 111 the produotlve propert) ol thisnation bj the working claas, Ido not believe in confiscating it by piecemeal. That would lie foolish and liberal The plan I favor is that the working class shall lirst capture the political powers of the state and nation and t hen the job can be done without the danger ol getting eraoked skulls snd prison sen tences. This is the plan followed bj the master class It baa been proved a success by the master. It w ill prove a workable plan for the -lave. We have a lot of sympathy for Fred ii respective of w hi ther he want- v or nol —we have sympathy for anybody who would subscribe to a creed like that. Our government i- i representative gcvernment. Whenever the time-hall come that its contiol la wholly with in the working class, it will Cease to be representative, just the same as ii would be ii it came wholly under tbe control ol the "masters," i- Warren calls them. None of us want- either condition to conic about. We want our govern ment to be truly representative of all the classes, more -o than il is to day, to be sure, and mote responsive to the claims and difficulties of all the classes. We do not want it .sub servient lo any one class —Washing I ton Standard. Please Explain Will .someone please explain why iv ISU7. when hog- were selline at «J2.25 on loot, that one could buy bacon lot 10c a pound, and iv 19111, with hogs selling at ~1% toH 'cts. a pound on fool, bacon now costs Hsc pet pound 'The difference betwvvn the selling price ol hous and bacon was then 7 cents a pound; the difference be tween tbe selling price of hogs and bacon now is il cents a pound. hoes it not seem plain that somebody tie sides the farmer is getting the big lend of the deal ?—Colfax Commoner. The Knocker Alter Cod hud finished the rattle snake, the toad and the vampire, He had some junk bit with which lie made the knocker, A knocker ia a two-legged animal with a corkscrew SqUI. a water-logged brain and a com bination backbone made of jelly and glue. Where other people have hi arts he carries a tumor of rotten principles. When the knocker comes down the street, honest men turn their backs, the angels in heaven take precipitate refuge behind their harps and the devil bar-locks the gates of hell.-EX.. No. 49 THE SWINEHERD. It. doesn't pay to reed pigs lifter i hey are m; neither does It pay to sell or Kill a put until it is fit. Separate the rattening pigs as they reach marketable condition, so as to give the smaller ones a heller cbOUCe When feeding heavily, correct ors In the w ay of charcoal, ashes, salt and sulphur should be Wept In nil fhe r ling pens und hog yt nls. Don't sacrifice the nlil sow that is a regular breeder, even ii tbe price of pork is high, she is t tie kind that makes the pig business eel tain. in selecting young sows for breeders it is prelty *nfe in se lect fl I lie dnm'S lillel's the pics Hull are most like her In conformation. Economy Hints A penny saved is a penny earned.— Benjamin Franklin. LIME FOR BROOD SOWS. Necessary to the Health and Growth of Dam and Pigs. 'Tlie Importance of supplying lime iv so form to blood sows and young hogs is often overlooked bj the t ler, writes 11. T. Morgan in the i onnlry Oentlemau An Investigator at one or the agricultural colleges says that n sufficiency id' lime in the ration of Ihe brood sow is fully as important ns n sufficiency of protein One thousand pounds of corn contain only about three ounces of lime Tankage contains about ten pound- of lime to each I.««HJ pounds. Clover and alfnlfa buy eon tain twenty and twenty-seven pounds respectively in each 1.000 pounds it Is evident thill eofll alone is nol :i satisfactory feed either for pregnant sows or for growing pigs li i- sur prising bow quickly lio-js will respond iv winter l" a ration of clover or al falfa hay During the griming season this mat ter of supplying lime and protein in addition to the grnln i d cause the feeder no concern, but during ihe winter months both lime and protein must be supplied Wood or cob ashes or charcoal supplied generous quan Miles will furnish the animal- With a sufficient M lint of lime. They will also eat ground limestone I have al ways made a practice of supplying un slaked lime to hogs of all ages It is estimated that in an average litter of [.Ins about six ounces of lime enler Into the Composition of tbeir bones If the sow has ted had a w ed balanced ration or lias been ted on corn alone -he lias hud to supply the bone building ma terial necessary for ihe development ■ f her young from her own body, .md If thi- bus been Insufficient Ihe pins will be weak and often deformed iv the head and joints Rickets, or rachi tis, Is believed to be due to a link of the proper bone building elements. This di-ea-e usually proves filial in young pigs nnd is milch more frequent ly observed in the produce from glltS than In the litters from mature sows .\ good way iv which lo supply lime Is to make a hopper which will hold a bushel or more and have II tinder shelter in excellent plan Is t" make a square hopper nnd divide It into four compartments, in which wood ashes, air -inked lime or ground limestone, ground rook phosphate nnd salt shall lie provided at all lime- Place this box lii ihe bog lot and arrange It so thai the hoes may feed themselves nt will. Tin- .-over should overhung suf ficiently to protect Hie contents from the weather HANDLING MANURE. Bett Reiultt Are Secured by Hauling Freeh to the Field*. ■Mils Is from Wisconsin bulletin Xo. 221. "ii getting the mosl profll from farm manure: '•It is host t" haul manure when fresh nnd spread ii on reasonably level lieids There is no i"*s by fermenta tion, as the plant fond sinks Into the ground where it is needed There are several systems of storing manure, all of which Involve moisture nnd com pin t ness. ••It requires two tons or fresh manure In make one ton of rolled manure. This Involves much « ttste ■The average per year of mixed farm manure is *:'.(> per 1.000 pounds of live weight of animals. A ton of mixed manure contains about ten pounds of nitrogen at IS cents per pound; live pounda of phosphoric acid and ten pounds of potash at 5 cents per pound, making it commercially worth $2.28 "Liquid exen nt Is more valuable than solid, pound for pound Water tight Boors and plenty Of absorbents are necessary to prevent its waste. All farm manure Is more valuable fresh thnn nfter storage. "Leaching by rains is one great source of loss. Piles loosely built and located under the eaves or on hillsides lose half their value." The Dawn for job printing. Democracy! The People Shall Rule Free America Forever I democracy! SELECTING THE DAIRY BULL CALE Points thnt Indicate dairy quality in ti hull calf are outlined hy a cor respondent of lowa Homestead. The , writer says: l want tirst at least two generations J —four are helter—of strung, vigorous ancestors backing tlie calf to be rais ed, if the cult to be raised Is to be j used t<> promote the best Interests of dairying, its ancestry must have. In addition to size and vigor, a dairy per formance that win warrant the trou ble ami expense nf raising tills calf properly, hs Ita future usefulness de pends largely on the manner In which the eulf Is eared for. At birth tbe calf should be of me | diutn size, vigorous, active and free from deformities, full, good sized ; eyes, with clean cut features, broad between till' eyes, dished OUt In face i below the eyes, broad muzzle, open nostrils, with eight well developed milk teeth. A rat her straight and broad back, with well sprung ribs and well proportioned body, with plenty of ca pacity . is wanted Measurement through body just back of front legs should be g'>od. as this is where Ihe heart and lungs tire located. Tbey must have plenty of room to do their work If the calf is to prove a vig- The vnlue nf keeping records ami breeding dairy cows for production rather than for pedigree and form was emphasized in a bulletin of the Illinois experiment station The time has arrived, it says, when the cow which cannot show a good miiK and fat record is not desired for breeding purposes by intelligent dalrj mi n< The true measure of the economic value of a cow Is her pro duction of milk and butter fat. The cow Illustrated la Minna C. a pure bred Guernsey. She has a record of l»4ofi pounds of fnt Ik and i& pounds of fat oroui ami prepotent animal, which it he is not lie is a failure I should iik« tbe call to be a fair representative ot his ine,d as to coloring ami markings, I will some of my reasons foi want in;: certain points. Brightness vigor and uctivlty are tbe prime ren.nl sites lor prepotency. Large eyes, clean ■ut tea tires nnd good space between the ribs denote good nerve force, which every good dairy cow must bave Broar' amz/.le and open nostrils denote good lung power and appetite. Tbe eight milk teeth ere the ones on the front ol the lower law aud when well devel oped denote vitality Four fair sized, well placed rudlmeu tary tents ahead of tlie scrotum Is con sidered a good dairy indication. Tin skin should be sort, mellow and oily with yellow color Tlie Inside of the ear also should lie oily with rich yel low This denotes quality in butler fat. It is very essential that the calf be properly treated and fed. especially In the early stages <>r Ills growth. The first four months after birth he should be given fresh whole milk, but not over six quarts per day Equal parti of outs and bran nnd some alfalfa oj j clover hay should be placed where the [ animal can get at It conveniently. He : will soon learn to eat it. and It should be left before hiiu constantly. If the young animal is very fractions a rluc should be put in his nose at ulne or ten months of age. but usually one year Is soon enough AI two years of age he should be dehorned and another ring put in his nose When lending the an) mill the proper way to use the rings Is to fasten the staff to one and s rope to ihe other As warm weather approaches the I ewes with their lambs will soon be leaving the yards for the pastures, and ' unless proper precautions sre taken they me likely lo be subjected to cer | tain dangers One of the most common ami harmful of these to the Isiubs is i thai of becoming Infested with para j sitie worms to which the ewes com monly become :i prey on tlie fall pas lines While In the yards tbey void many of these In their excreta and i conch and sneeze out others On ac count of tbe nature of their food lambs ! kept In yards are not In much danger of becoming Infected, but on the pas tures it is different Many of the va rious kinds of worms thus dropped among the young mass have a faculty ]of crawling nn Inch or two up the stalks and are eaten l)j (lie close biting lambs This is one of the reasons why I constant chance of pasture Is so de | sirnlile for sheep and why pastures be- I come "sheep sick."—Farm and Fire j side Asparagus is n hardy plant, it does m>t need a winter mulch tn keep It from being killed by freezing, bill It l„,vs i,. rett .m tin four Inebee ..f coarse miiiiure liecnuee it will re sult in asparagus elghl or ten daye earlier in -t spring ami lietter stalks as well. And tbis ii ns n grenl deal when yon are waiting for something fresh from the garden la the spring. Democracy; I Democracy! Pasture For Sheep. Manure the Asparagus.