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lit people Shall Rule
A»eri ca Forever EU UNTIL IS KNOWN' Mgrit a Guernsey j breeder of world i let R. E. rilmlck i Fanner. Tbla m bull as a calf I but at tbe age calf developed a le, and as tbis In untenable Guern offered to me as alttng animals ot IK practical purposes. I got mum it was s year and a mi my com in on cows gltkM years, tbe tbird year els Mown heifers, iasl that spring tbat there gtonlef tronble wltb calves liioutry. They bad scours Tmmv snd pony. My own attfttoa ,0 ue ra,e ' aml ' I ft* trooble to the lnhreed lisdded to sell the bull I ■rsti'feare had no trouble ■V Ists my neighbors wll • • pay bell. I sin convinced aj» trouble was not with tin llmfflaf as those who bad pH Sis minor differences sjsssttace under different jest Is different countries. Stk* csv shows the same Meal characteristics ot ! ssser, good constitution BSasafpeUts. She Is a tine OS sassr all conditions. In I Ousts sad the United <kt hu been bred not so Br SSllhliail phenomenal sat an alone the line she B staked ss a cow of unl ■ o*7 superiority The bull WnWgV* rtaiawsy. He Is ■ M to inch trouble, and I ■Hi net trouble with tbe old Ken the daughters I Mid to sold tbe bull ■Mfcrftt, although 1 paid $7" Mt sm tbe same. The party If thi hat used him two years. mf** un * a D J ue csrs. When gfpl hid net yet milked any Mjajboa, bat ss soon as I did Pit I had lists prize in letting flp.j* Th* calves tbat came fP Wwsdlag were even better ptapsdes. Others who had Bj l *—! the same thing, and ■Mi that bare cost three times ■g*W been brought In, any mm m shod of my old bull Bp I Vemhun over anything Kheeaatry today. The man BJ"" "it told me recently that ■ijhgiy paj $2,000 for him, Eff" 1 *• w " worth 16.000 of BPfwey 99** taew the real value of a Bf»-*» wits tested his daugh- Rlf krthat reason when selling PJ" well to reserve the right B*g **> If desired when his |P owe bun tested. P* 6 DRY COWS. tBS mm • h *' l * ■• Reducsd P»C*«sAr» Not Milking. ******* or ten weeks that tMr food should be Ef A dsily allowance of bran or oata or a BBr** 0 tun W(, h of bran and CJ"" 1 "•■tea a proper feed flfctiT'i 8001 c roots. JBsy*tos or squashes are rongbage, such KVJJjWstalks. Is not good ■f.ff™' tt ">«- Such feeds, ■RP* lr ' cold drafts or lying BK*»d»ip or frozen ground, ot caked udder or Dairy and Anl L^" - ** University Farm. M,ki nQ . of experiments HE"™*ei at the lowa sta ■Lv|_?? the efficiency of si ■E?*'esd and to learn the It Without Hfc*a!_i mwn fed catt 'e Broater profit than **■ fed as rough ■Cg"2*,ln> were obtained and silage. In ■EHaaß?t!!! Iltally lmi>or - JJjWnaies. such as U OO the farm, it IKLfeT 1 * that this com iSatn!! 1 ! ,0r feed Al better results P^BSJ**° f I,K higher pro LVJt mmm* ,Twilge Quality. mWVmTi?!!' ~** utlllz ed to ■»Zm* ,iim » ha » lB a ™il- Kr-X* " fuU f eed or si syZ" '•"some very little .fe:*! l 'odd Farmer. HE^*** M * ,, *** ,, *»c (Eajj?* * wh "c it Urn j ■p^^^**a»««» a __ • i totnocracy I A DAWN OF BRIGHTER HOPES—A LIGHTHOUSE FOX THK NATION'S SAFETY —A PEOPLE'S SHIP OF STATE—A GOVERNMENT OF JUSTICE FOX ALL MKN Democracy I DAIRY WISDOM. Kreeding is or Importance in Ihe dairy row, I nil Individuality is whnl really counts The dairyman who puts n low Milne nr. skluimllk is not realis ing his largest profits It is often the side line thllt helps make the bank account grow, So breed of dalrj rows Pan eotitltiue as drat clans dairy ani mals if tlie calves are allowed to run with the cows. The heifer bred too early al ways remains stunted in growth, and her milk flow Is shortened for nil time Cow testing associations are being organised In many neigh borhoods. Dairymen are begin ning to see the wastefulness of Working in tile dark Four quarts ol good outs mix ed with Warm water make n line feed for the row just utter the new cnlf pomes. Economy Hints A penny saved is a penny earned.— Bmjamin Franklin. How to Use Leftover Meats. Tlie greatest economy In the home menu comes with the knowledge of making over meat int" a disli that Is both tasty ami nourishing and a dish thai docs not proclaim too loudly tbe fact that it is 11 leftover, says the Modern Priscilla, • However, tin-re are many ways in which the remnants may be clothed and adorned so that the original dish Is uot recognised. Chicken, lamb or mutton may be freed from the bone, heated in its own gravy and used ns follows: Make n small pan of biscuit dougb and when it Is baked split it open und pour ou the meat. Place the remainder of the biscuit on top and pour over all the thickened gravy. Slices of ment of any kind may be tented in I portion of tbe gravy and canned mushrooms added. Add butter, thicken with flour and serve on toast. Pork may bo cooked until tbe meat fulls to pieces; then remove tbe bone, add seasoning, a little thyme, boiling water ami thicken with cornmeal t" make a stiff mush, boiling a half hour. Turn out into a bread mold, null When cold It is sliced and fried. It is known as scrapple. Beef Loaf.—Use a cupful of cold beef thnt has been run through B chopper. Mix with a half cupful of breudcrombs, some grated onion, n little melted but ter, one egg and the thick pulp of can 1 tomatoes. Season well, mold In loaf form nnd bake in oven until brown. It should be basted occasion ally with hot water and melted butter. Tomato Kit vi c mny he served with it. Another form of nslng cold beef is to chop it line, ai! 1 ono egg to a cupful of the ment. n little grated oidon nnd I.Tendrrumbx <o thicken. Heat all to ■Other, cool nnd form Into tiny Imlls I»ip these it: ogg nnd erUUlbs a lit] fry iii smoking let fat l train on paper and serve. Hash. There are many forms of hash, and it may Ire made to taste nnd look very up|ietlziug. Cold corn beef perhaps is tbe most desirable meat to use. To one cupful of the chopped meat add two eupfuls of chopped raw potatoes. Cold boiled potatoes mny be used, but they do not give the lame taste thnt the raw ones do. Cover with cold water und cook until the potatoes are tender. Season well and thicken with cracker dust, adding a lump of butter. Cover and allow- to set until 11 crust forms on the bottom of the mixture nnd then fold like un omelet. It mny be garnished with parsley and rings of pepper. If It does not brown readily it may be shifted to another frying pun with hot butter, and it will brown quickly. ENTERTAINING FAD. How to Give a Unique and Popular Card Party. Any game of cards mny be played tbat the hostess prefers or that is popular in the town. Request the guests to dress in costumes represent ing either the face or suit, cards. F° r Instance, have two Aye of diamonds— one a lady and one a man—SO that when all have arrived partners mny be chosen for the lirst game. The prizes may be a handsome deck of cards in a ease, a book on card games, ferns growing In a pretty jnr, a bit of brass or a piece of pottery. The score cards may be cut out of cardboard In the shape of diamonds, hearts, clubs and spades. The mark ers may be of these same figures, cut out of thin colored paper nnd gummed a few days before they are used, so they will be dry. Serve hot bouillon in cups, patties of chicken and sweetbreads, salad, orange Sherbet, small cakes, coffee, nuts, bon bons, if ice cream is preferred use the brick cut In thin slices, ornament with tiny hearts, diamonds, clubs and spndes cut from citron and candled cherries. Try The Dawn for one year. Che Ellensburg Dawn. Vol. xx. HOW TO MAKE HOG RAISING A SUCCESS My ptlltl in IHKIIIg cure ot my Chester White bogs is to keep my brood sows In just us thrifty n condi tion as possible ut nil times, writes F. , Little in Orange .ludd Farmer. In fact. I strive to do this with nil classes of swine. I sort the hogs ns to size nnd age and keep them iv small pasture lots I let them run out nil the time us I 11111 a great believer in bogs hav ing plenty of exercise. They must have this to do well I also plau to feed them n variety of stuff and to | feed regularly, believing that their 1 stomachs need attention Just ns well 1 ns those of human beings My breeding sows are kept in a yard | by themselves I do not shut them ; up until furrowing time approaches, I Sometimes I keep them iv n peu a day or two beforehand, but 1 very frequently permit them to run out 1 with tlie other sows Inm convinced ' thnt the sow should be shut up by herself nnd fed alone some time be fore and some days after farrowing. After the pigs come the sow should not be fed very much for n few days else the pigs will scour and some of j them mny die After two or three days the sow should have her feed the 1 snme ns before furrowing. Provide plenty of room foi exercise nt all times for the sow as well ns the pigs. When the pigs tire 11 month or so old they will eat 11 little corn and a little swill. After Uie pigs are eight weeks! A Missouri farmer Rives in a re cent Issue of Breeder's Gazette an account of his Chester White sow. Her first four litters totaled forty four pigs, eleven In each litter, and all were raised tier tlfth litter had eight, all of which were raised. Her slxlb litter hnd fourteen; elev en raised. Her seventh litter had sixteen; nine raised. Her eighth litter, last March, had sixteen; all chilled. Her ninth litter had seven; six raised She has recently far rowed fourteen pigs, eleven of which are living. She never was bred but once for a litter and haa farrowed only one dead pig. The Chester White sow shown is an ex cellent specimen of this fine breed of hogs. Bllbnsburo, Kittitas County, Wash., Dec. 18, 1913. On the Verge of a Prosperity Wave Concluding ;t lengthy review of business conditions in the United States, in which statements of various authorities on different industries are quoted, the Ore gonian says of the situation: " The tariff appears then to have had no injurious effect on any leading manufacturing industry) and it is expected to have none. The present depression is due partly to world-wide causes and partly to waiting for action by Congress on the currency and the trusts and by the Interstate Commerce Commission on freight rates. Action on all these subjects except the trusts can safely be anticipated be fore spring, and the nature of the prospective action on the trusts has been well enough indicated to dispose of doubt. Hence we may expect business to start on the upward grade in a few months. " The Literary Digest tinda in the trade journals a tendency to look elsewhere than to the tariff for the cause of the present slowness and as the result of these in vestigation, tt) express optimism for the future. Hesitation in business, it points out, is not confined to this country, but extends tt) Germany, Canada, India and Brazil and is attributed to an ''overstrained condition ot the world's money mar kets. " That this strain will be materially relieved, the hesitation removed, after the first of the year so that the spring months will bring a return to a fuller prosperity th in the country has witnessed for several years, seems to be the opinion ol most newspapers, trade journals and financial and business authorities. Optimism as to improved conditions after the turn of the year prevails everywhere, and the notes ol pessimism are too few to gainsay it. —Washington Standard. I've bought goods in Glascow, Belfast and Cork, London and Liverpool, and then in New York. I've purchased in Paris, yes, and in Rome. Hut say, to yniiis truly, there's no place like home. Have sent to Chicago, I'm sorry to say, I got what I ordered, but first had to pay. When the boxes were opened I stood there alone and said to myself, goods are better at home. The stove that I sent for had only three legs, what's the use of a stove if it hasn't its pegs? W hen I looked in the oven it was cracked in the dome. Then I wished to old Mike I had bought it at home. I'm now all rilled up with this buying away. I'll buy where I sell my good butter and hay. It the Lord will forgive me no more will I roam. Hereafter I'M spend all my dollars at home All The News and the Truth about it Why I Buy at Home Now old I weun them. The sow will then uot be giving much milk, and the pigs will do better if shut off by themselves und properly fed (live these weanling pigs a warm place to sleep in, plenty of water nt nil times, good feed, and you will be surprised to see bow fust they grow. Started In this wuy they will weigh fifty pounds at two months old and at three months they will weigh from seventy to ninety pounds. At four months old I bave bad pigs weigh 12S pounds und at five months 200 pounds This full one of my seven month pigs weighed 270 pounds and was good enough to tuke tbe blue rib bou in a class of forty-four at the Illi nois state fair. I keep my herd boars by themselves and feed them well I want to say further concerning feeding my sows thnt 11 280 pouud sow will take care of twelve quarts o" good swill three times a day nnd three ears of corn I try to provide swine pasture as fully as 1 cnn. I have red clover and timothy. Clover, of course. Is the very best fowl we can get In this country. 1 use 11 standard dip and either dip or spray my bogs every sixty days. Isolate n cow the moment she has i anything wrong with her udder und ' milk her lust. Poultice the udder with I hot ontineiil porridge in n wide band uge without boles being cut for teuts. Twice dally rub well with 11 mixture lof equal parts warm melted lard and i Hold extract of poke root and bella donna leaves, (live n pound dose of I epsom suits In three pints wurm wa ter 11s one dose nnd follow with a half : ounce of fluid extract of poke root and ] two drams of saltpeter three times dally lv water.-Dr. A. S. Alexander. The pulse of n borse may vary from twenty-eight to forty pulsations a min ute The best place to take the pulse of 11 horse is on the lower border of the Jawbone, about four inches lv front of the throat lurch Feeding Little Pigs. Much or tlie success In raining good i pigs is due to feeding Little pigs must Imve extra feed and should not be expected to forage with the stia-a ! hogs, because If tln-v do not have ! good. SUCPlllent, nutritious feed when | young they lose their mother's Besli i Sweet mill; and middlings made into M 1 thin slop Is one of the most acceptnbli I feeds to use However, no more ol this should be fed at one time thnn h eaten up. I iinse ir too much Is ph d before them the pigs will gorge them nelves and often let some remain llt the trouirll to sour Therefore it is bettor in give just ns much ns they will eat and still let them squeal for a little more. Overfeeding Is often as : Injurious as underfeeding For Diseased Udders. The Horse's Pulse. AN ORPORTUNITY FOR YOUR BOYS The Washington State Grange pro poses 10 help one young man in each county to acquire an agricultural ed ucation thai "ill not only be of ser vice to blm, bul to hundreds of other young men. J, 11 Perkins, commis sioner of Agriculture for the stale is hacking up the following plan, The plan ia to have a hoy of be tween it and I* years of age. selected in some manner, from each couniy in tbe stale, this selection lo be made preferably, by the ('.range or the farmers' I'nion or some representa tive of ties,- organisations, aa they more fully represent the farmers and his family, this boy lo become a finest oT the stale al the State Fair next year at North Yakima, "Ho is to prepare an exhibit, under the supervision ol the Commissioner, lake il to the State Fair and then be there as a student of the fair, such as dairying, horticulture, etc.. • All expenses of Ihe Hip art c to be paid by Ihe stale, but the frjoy must be one who is int. rested in farm work and is anxious to imprive in that line of work and uot one who is not interested, but whom his parents desire lo become so. SO th' 1 place is primarily for the benefit of the one boy. but lor the .ducal ion of the oth er boys of till' slate." Any and till applications for the po sition above outlined, must be in the hands of B, F. Mundy ou or before December 20. IN THE SHEEPFOLD. Unless you want your sheep to snuffle all winter keep them in out of tbe fall ruins lie sure the sheep barn liss n tight roof, ii dry Boor and good ventilation, with no drafts. it Is ii mistake, and a serious one. not to provide an abundance of pure water for tbe flock dur ing tbe winter, it is poor econ omy to let v Bock quench ita thirst by eating snow. An abundance of roots fed with n little grain will bring b flock through the winter In the best of shape for profit Keep the sheep in out of every storm. The feet nnd the backs of the flock should always be dry. No. 51 THE HORSEMAN. Keep the mud cleaned off the horses' legs und they will not have Cracked heels. Measure out your grain accord ing to the work your horses are doing. Musty oats make dull, lifeless looking coats on the horses which cat them. The Irritation caused by a poor driver lessens the ability of a good horse to do Its best work. Back end to Is the way to hitch a horse out where the wind Is blowing When they are loose so they can do as tbey like you nev er saw a horse stitud facing a storm A good horse will always com mand a (rood price, no matter how popular the automobile be comes, and this applies to draft, harness and saddle horses alike. Economy Hints A penny saved il a penny earned.— Benjamin Franklin. How to Lessen Tirs Trouble. One-balf tin? enjoyment of touring is Immunity from tire trouble*. The aver age owner-driver can enjoy iliis im munity iiy exercising care in making liis preparations. Blowouts, punctures nnd other tire troubles are holdups Hint li*' looks forward to with nn de gr if enjoyment whereas r little prepartlon in tbe way of accessories fur temporary repaint obviates unnec essary delay. In the lirst place, be should be sun' that his casings and tubes are in guild condition and tbat be bus an extra supply of both. Then, with a good nlr pump, v tire gauge to test the air pres sure In his tires nnd :i supply of tire repair devices, in- can go on bis way confident thnt he has taken every pre caution to sidestep till- troubles, fie will find thnt thus prepared the tour will be more enjoyable both for him self nnd his guests. How to Make Lemonade Sirup. Many housewives bnve found that it is wiser and more economical to make lemonade sirup than to rely on making lemonade Impromptu, Make n sirup by using one cupful of sugar to one pint of witter nnd boil about ten min utes. Add lemon juice, strained, or other juice nnd bottle. Use us re quired nnil dilute if necessary to Indi vidual tastes. How to Make a Pretty Brassiere. A pretty brassiere Is made "f alter nate strips of lace nnil bending through which wide ribbon is threaded. Ad justable straps are used for evening wear. How to Keep Baby Covered. An old side garter solves the problem of kicked "IT bedclothes without the torn sheets thai safety pins always perpetrate. To each side of the crib, around one of the side bars or sewed to the mattress by the elastic, fasten one of the clasps which held the stock ings. These should be placed so that they come lust to the fold of the bed clothes on each side. After the baby Is laid in fasten tbe clasps to the sheet and one blanket on each side us If tbey were stockings. How to Make Photographer's Pasts. This formula for making photogra pher's paste will be found very satis factory : Hue cupful Hour, one dessertspoonful :ilnin. half a cupful water. Mix this to a smooth paste, udd two nnd n half eupfuls more water and let come to a boil. After it is boiled heat in 5 cents' worth of formaldehyde nnd a few (imps of oil of cinnamon. How to Make Perspiration Powder. Mix French chalk, baking soda, pow dered alum nnd orris root In equal pro portions and dust tbe body nftera bath, but not tbe fin c. The soda counter acts the acidity noticeable In excessive perspiration. Bone Troubles In Hones. One cause nf spavin, ringbone and other bone trouble* In horses Is the lack of proper nourishment. An un balanced nttioil containing a large) amount of corn and deficient In ash makes n porous bone with a rather spongy texture. Fed n proper ration, the same animal would develop » much stronger bone with it Brm. solid texture The lame diseases are usual ly simply nn effort of nature to add extra growth to re-enforce a bone thnt Is not s'rong enough Por Us load A (Trent m.ttlj of these troubles would b avoided if .ill horses, pnrtieiihirly when they ate growing, were supplied un abundance of such feed as oats, with some nf the legume hays fur roughage Live Stock In Pamand. Those who have plenty of grain, hay and pasture for their stock are for tunntc Animals are In great demand nnd those who have facilities for cheap feeding will reap the benefits to be de rived by keeping animal*. Try The Dawn for one year. Democracy! The: People Shall Rule Free America Forever Democracy! MILKING SHORTHORNS LIKED IN ENGLAND It is claimed by high authority that from 80 to 00 per cent of the milk used lv England comes from dual types of cattle, writes Thomas Shaw in the National Stockman. The great | preponderance comes from the Short . horns, In fact very much more than | from all the other breeds combined. I There are some Shorthorn herds In England that are maintained only for beef. But the proportion of these to that of the Shorthorns that are milked Is very small indeed. It would also lie correct to say that nearly as large a proportion of the beef consumed comes from Shorthorns, pure nnd iv the graded form, nnd yet In the face of these facts some of the While dairymen as a rule pin their faith to cattle of dairy breed ins, many farmers like the milking strain of Shorthorns. A Kansas farmer says of this breed: "Three Shorthorn cows of mine are all good milkers, giving about five to six gallons per day when fresh nnd holding up with their milk very well. Sometimes they are giving about a gallon and a half a day within two weeks of the time they come fresh again. They do not keep fat on the best of feed when giving milk Their milk is good and rich, and I consider they pay well for their feed and milking." The hull shown Is of tbe milking Short horn strain. wise teachers at our colleges have said that dual qualities could not be main tained. An annual was issued iv 1912 by the English Dairy Shorthorn association giving the milk records ot 243 cows for that year. The cows were In milk on the average 2!»4'i days. Tbe lactation periods in many instances were not Completed, and quite n number of the animnis were heifers. The average production In milk was 7.518.88 pounds. The males, the progeny of these, wheu grown into beef Invaria bly do well. The steers grown on skim milk and adjuncts during the milk period are positive favorites with the butchers. They attain to a large de velopment, especially during the sec ond year of growth, nnd it Is claimed dint the beef produced by those ani mals Is better marbled than when the calves are reared upon the dam. In the hitter Instances the maturity is frequently premature, and the external fat is excessive. LUMPY JAW IN CATTLE. Two Method* of Treating Thia Dan gerous Disease. Lumpy jaw is the common name for the disease of the head, jaw nnd neck of cattle. The scientific name is de rived from tlie fungous spore which gives rise to the dlseuse aud which is technically known as actinomyces, writes Dr. A. S. Alexander in the Farm Journal. There are two ways of treating the disease, either of which must be resort ed to at once. In many cases the tu mor when tirst noticed is not attached to the bone nnd may be cut out with little difficulty or danger. After tbe operation, which is best performed by a veterinarian who is fnmlilar with the anatomy of the part, the walls of the cavity made by the knife should be cauterised with the hot Iron or some caustic solution such ns bichloride of mercury nnd hydrochloric add In wa ter. This solution should consist of at least tut If an ounce of bichloride to tbe pint of water with sufficient of the acid to make it dissolve. It may be introduced by means of n swnb of cot ton on a stick. There are many other effective solutions. If tlie operation and application are thoroughly done the first time there is rarely need of a second operation, but the solution may have to be used sev eral times while the wound is healing. If the bone is involved it will have to be scraped and the swab used as be fore. The other method of treatment con sists in giving iodide of potash inter nally, and it is very affective, especial ly In cases of actinomycosis of tbe tongue (wooden tongue). The dose for au adult steer is one drum two or three times dally in a little water, ac cording to the severity of the case, aud it is to be continued until the disease seems to be lessening, when the dose may be reduced one-hnlf and continued for a few days longer. As a rule, fal. progress toward recovery is made lr from eight to ten days. Udder Inflammation. Mastitis (Inflammation of the udder) mny often be Induced In a cow by I ronpli milking: wben the are sore or chapped. Chapped tents may be re lieve I hy gently rnbhlun with vaseline before md after milking Several ap plication* of sine ointment to sore tents, niter oleanlusr them, will relief* most eases. Democracy; Democracy!