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The Oroville Weekly Gazette
fifth VKAR. NO. 9 GUARDING PUBLIC LANDj Special Agents Sent Out to See that Settlers Live Up j to the Regulations. HEWS BECOMING STRICTER The Man Who Horn steads Must Show Steady Residence and Good Faith. S. H. Cutting, special land agent with headquarters at S|fokane, spent Saturday in Oroville lookingover plats and getting bearings to carryout work that he is called upon to perform un der the instructions of the department of which he is an employee. The du ties are not altogether pleasant ones, but they must be performed by some one, and men are selected for their fitness and adaptibillty for tlie work. In common parlance Mr. Cutting is a trouble maker, yet be carries out bis instructions wit It till the delicacy that it is possible to exercise in the posi tion. If persons taking up land would strictly comply with the law there would he no necessity of the position Mr. Cutting tills, for examination into good faith and honest of purpose would not be required. The man who closely follows the requirements necessary in order to secure title to government land has no occasion to fear the visits and catechising of special agents. It is only those who have indifferently complied with the law who experience trouble from an interview with these officials. It cannot ho denied that there has been much fraud in securing title to government land in the past. This open violation of requirements has not jc been confined to companies and syndi that hare unlawfully obtained large tracts of valuable timber. In a smaller way the individual entryman has been as culpable as the more pow erful combines. Titles have been ol>- £ tained under circumstances that would hardly bear scrutiny. No matter if the claim is made that a man earns Ids land even if complying with the regu lations in a perfunctory manner, when the land is entered the applicant knows what is expected of him in order to secure patent, and If the land is not worth the trouble of living up to the law in perfecting the entry he should not have tiled. The laxity of the gov ernment in guarding against imposi tion resulted in the passing' of title to land seekers until the best of the pub lic domain has been exhausted. At this late day the interior department has awakened to the necessity of a stricter guarding'of public lands, and new and more stringent regulations are constantly being enacted. A few years ago almost any kind of old con structive residence on homesteads was accepted, and patents issued. It isdif erenl now. The rules require actual residence. Absence at any time and for any period does not go. The equi vocal claim of tlie land being'a home to the ‘exclusion of till other homes, that was formerly allowed a broad con struction, has no standing in the evi dence taken. It must lie THE residence of the claimenl pure and simple, and going upon the land for a night, or a once a week, or month, no longer entitles one to the claim of residence. There must he improvements, and good faith must he plainly shown, i’nder the latest forms of linal proofs eviuence •nust be given as to improvements on, and character of, every subdivision of the land the entryman applies to make Proof upon, in case of commutations the requirements as to residence have entirely changed. Formerly the ap plicant had six months to get on the land, and then eight months residence i would be considered a sufficient com pliance with the law to make commu tation proof. Now a man must live on the land full 11 consecutive months, and even then it must nut appear that the object of entry and proof was for the purpose of securing the land in the speediest possible manner and then abandoning' it. The law is as plain as a high board fence. He who lives on the lines laid down in the public land laws need fear no difficulty in obtain *ug title. He who attemps to dodge the law is lay ing up trouble for himself. Whenever a batch of proofs are now submitted in a county the special agent •s sent out to investigate. That is Air. buttings mission in this locality. He IS out to probe. He is not here to pun ish this one or favor that. All men are tw h ‘"»- He does not come hup "iff to find delinquents. It would be a tfreat pleasure to him to be able to re port favorably upon every proof pre sented, to find every complaint un founded, for ids department receives many complaints, acquisations, charges made by one neighbor against another. Various motives actuate the informers, but these misery makers are common to all classes and conditions of men, all countries and all climes. Mr. Cutting, and others holding similar positions, is expected to follow up these informa tions, lie is as courteous and leniant as it is possible for a man to lie and hold Ids jolt, but he insists upon a com pliance with tlie law, and wheiV there is a palpable and willful violation of the law he reports the facts and the department does the rest, which is not. supremely pleasant for the delinquent. Til K SKASON m i;h. It is safe to say that, the base hall season, so far as Oroville is a factor in the game, is over, and the local fan will have no father chance to jolly the players on the diamond this year. At this time the home club is to he con gratulated 011 the record made during the season. Oroville may have had stronger teams in the past, but iu no year lias the club hem so successful. Of all the games played in and out ol town tlds summer it lias lost hut one. .Some of the games have been the closest and most exciting ever played in the county. Tite conduct of the members on the Held lias been most commendable, and the season has end ed without an unpleasant feature to mar the record. To the painstaking and excellent management of J. A. Bladder is tlds creditable showing due. He has insisted upon clean ball, and he has been cheerfully seconded by as gentlemanly an aggregation ol amateur hall players a> ever got to- gether. The members of the club, individually and collectively, are to be congratulated upon the season's record at hall playing and as playersof ball. A <HIOD 1N V KSTJI KM'. A call is acknowledged Sunday from Hubert Churchill, of Ornak, an old lowa friend of Mayor K. A. McMahan. Mr. Churchill came to Okanogan coun ty hist year and proceeded to load up on real estate to the extent of his means. He secured about three acres at Wenatchee and nearly 40 acre-, near Oraak, under the government ditch. He paid $l5O per acre for the land in this county. After making the invest ment Mr. Churchill went back to lowa to close up some business matters, and when he told his old neighbors what he had paid for raw land in the Oka nogan valley they thought he had gone batty. But Mr. Churchill knew what he was doing, and is now glad he did it. He says he could unload any day for S.IOO per acre, which is pretty good interest on Ids investment. But Ills land is not in the market. He believes that so soon as the Oroville-Brewsler road is built this same land will com mand SSOO per acre. His lowa friends have a surprise coming when they learn that his purchase was a bargain, and has increased in value with leaps and bounds. The experience of Mr. Churchill is only the experience of many others, and those who have lived here for years and failed to gel in on the ground (lour have a big regret to carry around the balance of their days. - —• out D. S. Gamble, Danas hois known among his old familiars, who has con ducted a hotel in Brewster since that town was first .settled, lias lately be come ambitious and branched out in Seattle. In conjunction with T. Dimer flint, known so favorably to the trav eling public for so long a time as the genial and courteous clerk of the Ste vens hotel, he recently leased for a term of years the Hotel Archibald, located lit the corner of Second avenue and Stewart street. The building is a ma jestic modern structure, with evert convenience of an up-to-date hostelry , and is elegantly furnished throughout. Centrally located as to the business section, and yet far enough away to escape the noise and turmoil of busy streets, the Hotel Archibald is an ideal stopping place for strangers sojourning in the big city. It is conducted on the Kuropean plan, and the single aim of the management is to make the place a welcome refuge to the traveler. Mr. Gamble is to be congratulated upon securing such a hotel in such a pro -ressive city as Seattle. He still ope rates the Hotel Gamble, at Brewster, tut is a frequent visitor to Seattle. Considering the high character of the premises, its location and its attractive ness, it is evident that Messrs. Gamble and Flint have entered upon a business venture that will insure a large and steady income OROVILLE, WASHINGTON. SEPTEMBER 3. .909, * BAD MAN IN HISTORV A. Dccendent of Simon Girty, the Renegade, Dies in This County, THE DECEASED A GOOD CITIZEN And No Reflection Intended Upon an Old, Worthy and Re spected Resident. Last Thursday morning word was received here that George Girty, an old and widely known miner and resi dent of this upper country, was sick at his cabin on the Similkameen river, between Oroville and Nighthawk. Dr. Schwabland at once answered the sum mons, but before he reached the bed side the unfortunate man was dead, word of the fatal termination of the illness reaching this ottice as the forms were going to press. The funeral took place Friday. George Girty was a pioneer of the Pacific coast, and although a resident of lids county off and on for many years little is known of Ids early life. It cer tainly was an active one, and unduubl edly intensely interesting if the story could lie told. He followed mining for years, having worked on the great Comstock lode, at Virginia City, Nev., when those mines were the wonder of the world, and piled up fortunes that made men famous in financial circles lie came to Okanogan county in early days, and was one of the original loca tors of the. Wy ndotte and Lone Pine properties. He left here and was in Alaska for some time. Upon his re turn he followed placer mining on the Similkameen river, above the falls, living the life of a recluse. Ho was some 75 years of age at the time of his death, and >o far as known leaves relatives. George Girty was a grandson of that infamous and execrated white rene gade, Simon Girty, whose heartless cruelties during the border Indian war fare of the early history of the United Stales still lives in fact and fiction. Deserting his race he joined the In dians and made common cause against the white settler. He was even more cruel and brutal to prisoners falling into his hands than his savage associ ates. No name connected with the in human butcheries that accompanied the settlement and reclamation of the wilderness is so detested as that of Si mon Girty. The deceased rarely ever acknowledged the relationship, fearing it might reflect upon himself. But the blood of George Ginty was not po inted by that of his notorious ancestor, fie was a quiet, gentle, inoffensive, generous man, and his entire life, so far as known, was that of a model citi zen. Among the few effects left by the dead man is a very old-fashioned, well-worn, horn-bowed pair of specta cles, made upon a plan that denotes their antiquity, that he claimed were the property of Simon Girty, and were worn by that hardened wretch up to the l imp of his death. The New Americanized Encyclope dia Britannica gives I he following brief sketch of Simon Girty, who roamed with torch and hatchet the Ohio valley during the latte part of the last cen tury ; "Simon Girty, an American adven turer: born in what is now Dauphin county. I’enn., in 1741. He joined the Virginia militia and became arrlndian interpeler, but in 177(> deserted, and joined the English forces serving un der Lord Dunmore. He acted as In dian interpreter and spy for the Brit ish army, and was declared a traitor by the ! ’enusyivania legislature. He finally commanded a large body of In dians and was guilty of many atrocities against the whiles.’ He died in Cana da in Ih |K. ’' (HAMiK THK ROltrK. The t oncouully Record states that owing to the enormous price asked for right-of-way over some of the land in the Sinlahekin valley, from Loomis northward, the promoters of the pro moters of the proposed electric rail road at e seriously thinking of chang ing the route and building across VVhilestone Hat to the valley of the Okanogan, and connecting with the standard railroad at Oroville. This really would be wise move on the part ot the company, and shuold have been looked into and considered in the first place. There is no heavy work to en counter in building from Loomis along Spectacle and Vi hitlestone takes, down through the Lauber draw and on to Oroville. Such a survey would carry the line over a country where at pres ent there is little land made valuable by improvement, and for miles the the land is vacant. Besides it would thus take in the big Whitestone flat, that will soon be under wafer hence largely productive, and also a rich and extensive section of the Okanogan val ley. By taking that route the cutting up of the rich orchard lands north ol Loomis would be avoided, much to the satisfaction of the owners, while they would still be within easy reach of the road at Loomis to secure the advan tages of shipping facilities. Then more business can be expected from Oroville than from any point on the Great Northern west of here. It would be good business judgment to look into the route suggested before Anally set tling upon a line of construction. LOSING A GOOD CITIZEN. Prof. W. M. Savage expects to move ■to Okanogan town next week, where he has been engaged as principal of the school. The school opens Tuesday, September 14. It is supposed that tite trustees skipped Monday on account of It being the 15th, fearing that a hoo do might fall upon the term if school opened on that date. Prof. Savage has tilled the position of county school su perintendent during the past two years, and has performed the duties of the office faithfully and well. During ids incumbency he has resided in Oroville, and for the past year lias been a mem ber of the city council, in which office he has always taken a stand for good and progressive government. As a pri vate citizen his civility, urbanity and joviality has won to him a host ot friends who regret tils departure and at the same time wish him a full meas ure of success and prosperity in ids new home. His departure leaves a va cancy in the council that may have to be tilled by appointment. FINISHED THE SI'K V EV. Geo. J. Gardiner returned to Oro ville Monday after an absence of two or three weeks during which he sur veyed out the proposed ditch and Hume to convey water from the Sinlahekin creek to the Whitestone Hat lands. The intake of the ditch will tie at a ryiint near the old saw mill site, almost equJl distance between Loomis and the Q. S. mine. The project is not only a feasible one, but the cost will not be great considering the distance watet must be carried to reach the objective point. Prior to putting Mr. Gardiner in the field M. D. Winder, promoter of the project, took elevations and made a rough estimate as to the grade of the ditch and distance, and Mr. Gardiner says that his calculations were very close to the figures reached by I lie use of instruments. Mr. Gardiner has fin ished the field work, and it will now require about a week of office work on the profile and estimates. The enter prise seems to be a sure go. and will prove to be of great benefit to the coun ty by putting a large extent of waste land under a high state of cultivation and productiveness. AN KKKOK COKKECTED. A misleading statement has been published in some of the county papers based upon a dispatch from Olympia, appearing in the Seattle Post-Intel ligencer, to the effect that the school superintendent of Okanogan county, among a few others, had failed to send in his annual report, and if not in dur ing the month of August the county would lose a portion of the state school fund apportionment. The truth is Sup erintendent Savage had his report com pleted long before it was due. He re ceived a copy of the new school law just before mailing 1 the report, anddis covered that several changes had to be made to conform with that law. These corrections were properly em braced in the report, and the docu ment forwarded to headquarters in ample time to meet every requirement of the department and save tot lie coun ty every dollar justly due. A BRACK OK ACCIDENTS. Monday while playing about flu 1 home of her parents Kinma. the live year-old daughter of Dr. and Mrs. F. S. Beal fell from a box and broke her left arm between theelbow and should er. The fracture was reduced by Drs. House and Beale and at last accounts the little sufferer was doing nicely. S. Rayburn met with a very painful and serious accident early Thursday morning. While engaged shingling the roof of the addition to the building occupied by .lay Newall, he slipped and fell to the ground, a distance ol 14 or 15 feet, striking his hack across a carpenter's saw-horse. The unfor tunate man was conveyed to his home and Dr. Schwabland made an examin ation of the injuries. He found, be sides severe bruises, that two ribs were broken at the backbone. The accident will lay Mr. Rayburn up tor some time. ONE OF IE RESOURCES Of the Many in Okanogan County that Promise to Produce Wealth. A LAKE OF ALMOST PURE SALTS Located Within a Short Distance of the Town of « Oroville. Few people really realize the extent, character and number of the resources that are to play a prominent part in the future prosperity of Okanogan county. Those that have already been made productive, and others in vari ous stages of investigation and devel opment are, of course, patent to every body, but there are sources of wealth sill in the lulls to bo .discovered, or made creative of incomes, of which little is yet really known, or, at least, have been indifferently investigated with an aim to be made valuably pro ductive. it is not generally known that within a very short distance of Oroville exists one of the largest de posits of Kpsom salts extant. Vet this is absolutely true. No great effort has yet been made to commercially utilize this remarkable exposure of salts, or arrange to place it upon the market. Recently correspondence has been opened with chemists with the object of having the salts put upon the mar ket, and it is possible that at an early dale parties interested in that charac ter of medicinal product may be in duced to take hold of the property. The reason assigned for failure to arouse interest in the deposit is its remoteness from the center of greatest population, where naturally the larg est demand exists, the cost of transpor tation being so great as to leave no margin for the operators. The discoverer of this salts deposit was K. Met'amnion, of this place. Probably it is hardly correct to say that Mr. Met 'amnion is the first man who had his attention attracted by the wonderful lake and its peculiar incrus laion, but that gentleman is one of the most enthusiastic minerologists in lids upper country, with an investigating turn of mind, and if his attention is every attracted by any formation of an unusual character he does not rest un til he has ascertained the nature of the find. Too supposition prevailed that the crystalline lake was a borax de posit. < tne day when out prospecting Mr. Met'amnion drank some of the wa ter. tie discovered that those who had pronounced the lake borax bad guessed wrong. He sent samples of theci.is lals east tor analysis, and the returns showed them to he fa) per cent salts. Several residents of Oroville are asso ciated with Mr. Met'ammon in the ownership. As heretofore stated Hie company is hopeful of interesting out side capital in the proposition to tlie end that some returns can be secured from the property. The lake, or pond, upon which the salts form is located at a considerable elevation above the valley, less than three miles northwest of Oroville. The lake is a irregular oval in shape, about 1(100 feet in length and L’oo feet wide, situated in a depressionof the foothills. Thorough prospecting around the shore line shows the lake to he in a bed of magnesia. A strange feature is that a shovel, or drill, or any metal left in the water over nighl is coated with copper. At this season of the year the surface is a glittering sheet of snow whiteness, and the crystalized crust some six inches thick will hear the weight of a man. It can he readily removed in large slabs, almost w holly free from all impurities. Hast winter a hole was sunk to a considerable depth near the center of the lake, and noliottom Found to the salts. The salts were deposited in vericolored layers, white, green and yellow, lu summer water shows thro' the crust in small circular spots, with ridges of mud betweenasthough forced up from below. The quantity in sight is enormous, and seems suliicienl to supply the whole country. It would really seem that this remarkable and wonderful deposit of a medicament so generally in use. and for which there is so large and steady a demand, could be made a source of large profit to any company that could place it on the market. SI*. I' KIT Y HLf'KKIMi. The watermelon robber has been busy in this neighborhood ever since $1.50 PKR YiiAR that tempting and dropsical fruit has been ready to- carve. Some time ago, when the tiist melons were ready to market, parlies entered the patch of Geo. Bowerman, on Usoyoos lake, and helped themselves to the choicest of the collection. These individuals are known, as they were seen through a field glass, but the kind hearted owner has taken no steps to punish the de spoilers of his vines. Now it is report ed that VV. K. Bash*has suffered a vis itation from the melon thief. Mr. Rasli has a place almost under the rail road trestle east of town, and a patch of lucious melons that would almost tempi;a saint. They evidently tempt ed sotnbody, but more probably a sin ner. The raider was also a believer in monopoly, for he carried off Jo at the (irst dash. Tho performance took place Sunday night. Monday morning Mr. Slunsbury discovered almost a wagon load of melons hidden in his hay stack, and missing none of his own suspicioned that they had been pur loined from Mr. Bash's place, which proved to be a correct premise. This nocturnal hooking of melons from Mr. Bash is wasted energy, as the gener ous gentleman gives away more than he sells. Melon stealing is a vicious pastime and annoying to tho grower. An example should he made of some .marauder and propably the practice would lose its funny side and become less common. ritKI'AKINd TO l><> SIOIKTIIIMI A letter from W. A. Snow, dated at Spokane, stales that on liclialf of the Copper World Extension Mining com pany lie has secured bids for the in stallation of a tram and electricity for the mine, and also bids for a smelter complete. He was on bis way to his home at Columbus, Ohio, where he will confer with the board of trustees, and then decide upon the course to be pursued. The company will either put in a tram to get the ore down oil the mountain for shipment to a smelter, or close a deal for the erection of a smelt er to treat the ore at some point near the mine. Whatever conclusion is reached means the renewal of work at the Copper World Extension. It is probable that the shaft will be sunk to greater depth, its it should be, while the ore at the upper levels is being made a source of revenue. li\ follow ing that plan the company would dem onstrate the full extent of theore body at depth. Let the decision be what it may it now looks as though the com pany would takeuplhe matter of work ing the Extension in earnest after a long term of idleness. Activity at the mine would infuse new life, in that part of the county. <b ► AN OLD mil K Mr. and Mrs. \V. H. McDaniel, tlieir daughter Grace and *on Lloyd, drove in from Mr. McDaniel'* river ranch Monday morning for the purpose of seeing Mis* Carrie Dowers, a niece of Mrs McDaniel who ha* been visiting with the family all summer, depart for her home at t bippewa Kails, Wis. Mr. McDaniel I* probably the oldest white resident, in point of settlement, in the Sinlahekln. valley. He owns a beau tiful and valuable home only a short distance north of Loomis, where he raises magnificent fruit, and where the hospitality of the family has become proverbial throughout the county. He also owns one of the best ranches in the Okanogan valley a few mile* south of Oroville, from which he cut three crops of alfalfa this season, and it was a mighty poor season for that forage plant. The family spent most of the day in Oroville, going from here to the valley ranch and on to Loomis Tuesday. * • *- a pi y.y.i.i H. The town council seems to have a hard nut to crack in the matter of a further granting of liquor licenses. There are already ten convenient and cheerfully conducted relief stations scattered about the highways where those fainting from thirst may drop in and save their lives. With the pros pects of railroad building, and the de mand for liquid refre*menl* that the building’ or railroads generally creates, there are other applications before the council from parties desiring' to estab lish dispensaries to supply thedemand, and the councilmen hardly know w hat to do about it. There i* a sentiment against the issuance of mon licenses, and some more sentiment in favor of giving every man a run for hi* money, the additional joints to be under the same strict police surveillance that is now keeping the town in such good order. The council seem* to be pretty equally divided on the question, or at least was at a recent meeting, when four of the five member* were present, two favoring and two opposing tin* granting ot a license to an applicant. The complicated puz/.le may be worked out at a subsequent meeting, and it i* a sure oel that no matter how it i* d< cidtd everybody will not be *aiLlu.d.