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;fkfl/V%ir«rißa«UMa» Office Main 783,: PHI IN V SoircaUUuß Dtpt. .H«la 783, EaitorlAl Pept. Main 704. OFFICE—77O-778 COMMERCE SI. The Wolf and the Sheep The commission Rovernment reform Btlll goes on. It has PreUy I all awept the country so far as geography U concerned, from toe tlantir to the Paclflo, and from the gulf to the M«. It has been the best thing America has evolved In city gov ernment, and ha« redeemed a hundred cities from corruption. One thing it fella to do—to secure trained men for the man •gvment of cities. It ha« been content to select good men. But a good man is not good for everything. The commission under the t-ommissloa form of government are the directors of the corporation. American citlea will Boarcelj •ver go batk to tb« old plan of letting these men be selected In the old. crooked, ward-limited, partisan way. The directors will A delegate from Cororado Springs at a recent convention of etty officers spoke for another step In commission government —the hiring of a general manager for the city, In accordance with the established customs of other corporations. There Is a good deal to be said for the idea. The general manager could be brought from abroad. Just as the superintendent of schools now is. He could be a man trained for the work of city administration. He would be the American prototype of these German mayors who pass from city to city and make a career of the "mayor business Just as able sckool men make a career of the school business. A man makin« good aa the general manager of Oskaloosa would be sought for by Dcs Molnes or Indianapolis. From Indianap olis he would receive a call to straighten out the embarrassments Of San Francisco. Thence he might be called by the commissioners of Chicago, New York or Philadelphia. He would grow bigger and broader and more efficient with experience. Buch a policy, It would seem, might be Inaugurated under the very broad powers of some of our t ity charters. Once adopted, It would Beeru to promise new powers for good to the commission form of government. WAHHINGTON lumber mills closed and kept 600,000,000^ feet of lumber off the market. Will open Feb. 1, with advance In prices of 50 cents to $1 per 1000. It is socialistic to say that Uncle Sara ought to cut and market lumber, of which he has plenty. In the Swim As chroniclers of high society events, we are bound to an nounce that the young and beautiful Madeline Force, who married the old, tough but rich Astor, to the horror of New Kugland churchmen, Is getting what she went after. Reports from New York are to .he effect that Mesdame Bob doelot recently gave a "harem dance" to about 150 of society's yery "best," and the beautiful Mrs. Astor, whose acceptance by the yery "best" wa« problematical, sort of paralyzed 'em all with a wonderful costume of Nile green gauze that "displayed her charms of person wonderfully," to say nothing of the oodles of gems she wore. We were not invited to that dance and so cannot corroborate •astern dispatches to the effect that as to "pantalets," laces and neglige that affair out-haremed the dreams of tho Turk who in rented harems. Nor are we in position to explain what is meant by Mrs. Astor's costume which "displayed her charms of person wonder fully." Society reporters often use remarkable terms in express ing their rapture, but we'll not be contradicted when saying that, Judging from very slight acquaintance with Nile green gauze, that tnaterlal can be made to go the limit of all that's wonderful in dis- play. The "harem dance," the newest fad of our very "best society," Is evidently a little closer approach to Indecency than our very "best" has hitherto ventured, but that's not the point we wished to make. Mrs. Astor, nee Force, is in society and making old Aitor sweat for jewels, Nile green gauze and other luxuries com manded only by large fortunes. With the ex-Mrs. Astor's $10, --000,000 alimony and Madeline's penchant for Nile gauze both pull ing on the bank account, we can reasonably expect to finally see Justice perching on the bald spot of at least one of that Astor tribe of parasites. THE TRUSTS-Where Are <tt Today? NO. —ItEGUIi.ATED COMPETITION" VS. KEGILATKD MONOPOLY By Win. K. Smythe. . WASHINGTON, Feb. s.—Those who stand for regulated mo nopoly rather than for regulated competition, declare that we are In the grip of Inexorable economic tendencies — it la Impossible a to return to competition, and would be undesirable, even if possible. • If you should meet this argument some dark night you would havii to taks the speaker under a lamplight before you could tell Whether he was a Wall st. magnate or a socialist agitator. On this point they are in substantial agreement. They say competition Is dead in nearly every important field of trade, commerce and finance, I and destined to die everywhere. They say competition is wasteful I and inefficient, while Monopoly is economical and efficient. They unite in urging that civilization must discard outworn and outgrown tools in favor of tools that are modern and up to the minute. The Wall st. policy may be stated in two brief sentences: Repeal the Sherman anti-trust law. Let the nation fix minimum prices of all commodities produced \ by trusts. . Wall st. claims that this policy will preserve all the advantages of monopoly, while safeguarding the public against all its dangers. ( The friends of regulated competition reply that private monop . oly Is not economical and efficient, and they bring overwhelming i facts to prove this case. Their argument on this head has been ..supported in a dramatic way during the recent cold snap. Nearly nil trains in the cold belt have been delayed and many have been . wreaked, because of the Inferior quality of the rails produced by private monoply. LaFollette and Bran-dels claim that under pri vate monopoly there is no more incentive to turn out good rails than to sell rails at the cheapest possible price. E. H. Harrlman, "In the .capaolty of a wholesale buyer of rails made the same com plaint a few years ago. It is said that when he bought rails of the steel trust he kept 9 inspectors on the job to examine every rail before he would take it, :and that on one important occasion he gave a big*order to one of • the independent concerns because of his lack of confidence in the products of private monopoly. The opponents of monopoly point to the swollen capitalization of the trusts, end charge that the Wall st. policy Is intended to \ solidify these billions of watered stock and fix prices which will ; I permit the trusts to pay dividends thereon. They declare a bureau : or commission vested with such powers would become the greatest "prize of politics, and that American life would be degraded and de bauched beyond anything that ever happened in the palmiest days of railroad domination. But that lg not all— the opponents of monopoly declare that if ,: we are to fix the price of beef, oil, cigars, sugar, end all other neces sities of life "every morning before breakfast" we must go further. If we are going to do any good to labor we must fix its wages also. I But that is not enough. There is the producer of raw materials. He li a citizen with rights equal to any other. Sometimes, as in th« case of the tobacco growers, he is oppressed by the trust, with its absolute monopoly of the market, to a point where human nature .can stand no more. Then he organizes the night riders, . burns warehouses and resorts to other forms of violence. • - Now, having taken care of the investor by fixing his profits, and having taken care of the consumer by fixing prices and having made . labor happy by fixing wages, we must go on to the logical conclusion and fix the cost of raw materials. s." r Then, at last, everybody is happy. The trust magnate has his watered stock frozen hard and earning fat dividends; the consumer has prices which we must assume will be wholly satisfactory; the wage earner is getting big pay for his labor; the producer of raw material gets his price for his crop. . ; ' What have we'then T A paternal government? A kind of so ; ciaJisni? Or have we a government which, having undertaken to run •very detail of every private business in the land, is able to satisfy only that limited element of our population which puts up the cam paign fund? .. " ..* .• The opponents of private monopoly declare that the Wall st. policy can never prevail in America because our people will not sub nit to private monopoly. They say we must make an honest and thorough-going effort to return to competition, and If that is impos albU tfc— editori.il P.w of €lie €»coma Ctmes HOUSKFIjY has two sets of eyes, one with thousands of lenses, bo that it can see In every direction. IiOS ANfJKLKS aviation meet a great success. One dead, one In hospital and a woman did the "kangaroo hop." KI-OKKXC'K KKI>I<KY, secretary of the Housewives' league, says that not a single cotton mill In the United States has the eight-hour day. * KIND of looks as if the aeroplane would bother the old war plans. REASON J3V J3EHTON BRAZiV Tho man who wins out and who gets to the top Is mostly the fellow that nothing can stop, No unions are needed HIS state to advance. No laws need to free HIM from fell circumstance But he's the exception — forget him—we know That the Everyday Chap hasn't quite got a show, And what we desire is to give a fair rub To the Average, Commonplace, Workaday, Dub. The wealth of the nation Is not in The Great, It's not in the folk who are living In state; It's found in the comfort of body and mind Of hardworking people —the everyday kind. ■ They're body and sinew and heart of the land; Without them —a nation in bullded on sand, And that's why we take up the cudgel and club For the Average, Commonplace, Workaday Dub! Who is he?— the carpenter, laying your floor. The postman who whistles outside of your door, , The street car conductor, the grocery clerk, The factory hand at his wearisome work; Who Is he? He's you and he likewise Is I - And therefore it's plain to be noted Just why ■ We all need to better the home and the grub Of the Average, Commonplace, Workaday Dub. OUTBURSTS OF EVERETT TRUE DOILIES /.' GREAT SCOTT. DOtU£9 ON EVCRY STAND ANt> TRBLt IN THE I HOUSe it TELL Me. HAS. TRUE, PLtfl&W TiLL MB. Of WHAT EARTHLY US£ THIS" OBSERVATIONS "NOBODY" BY MEEK. THJC TAUUMA TIMJBB. . Michigan students assumed the roles of stokers when firemen struck. But don't get elated, the blisters will keep them out of school for at leaat three weeks. A New Jersey girl saved a man from drowning by the use of her fur neok piece. That looks §u» ptelous In Leap Year. A St. Paul (Minn.) minister has adopted the graphophone method of delivering his sermons. That's a mean trick to play on the man who wants to sleep through the sermon. W YOU WANT TO BE FUNNY. Twist up your eyelash. Make your laugh a frown, Wiggle your ears And you'll be a fine clown. Men accompanied by ladles may naw take advantage of the New York Y. W. C. A. dining rooms. A man tried it the other day but forgot he was igood looking. A near-riot resulted. Order Is Heaven's first law. — Pope. And a policeman's too, Lake Superior Is freezing all over. So is the average human nowadays. Some tall players are like owls. They bat all night and blink all day. Moscow, Russia, has a munici pal pawnshop. Hope one isn't started here, someone might pawn the city. I am always content with that which happens.—Epictetus. A West Virginia man took shoe buttons instead of pills. He says the effect was no worse than tha)t experienced from the pills. Ding doriig, diner bell, Ding done money. The poor havon't either, pal, Ifg ding donged funny. . GREAT SPecOLATOR SAT ll* TROMT OF TH& FIP£ PLACB IH DEEP THOUGHT, WHRM AT LpNGTH We S/s\9 ALOUD > IP lOSAti<i£L£S VOTED DfOf, HoW WOULD SAfi DIEGO i j W l'. lil' KX< >\V X (HA RACT ■ ItS.! The Insurance agent. , The rag man. The boss. America leads In exporting to bacco. Dukes and counts get a lot of our real igold money, too. The living cost is high, old man, And rent Is soaring, too. And soon. If you don't look right smart They'll hang a sign on you. Scientists have discovered an animal which ha ethree seta of legs. If they only held elections in the animal kingdom he'd be a favorite. As the days get longer we all begin to kill more time. Maybe the bird who Is not early doesn't have to eat worms. The price on the menu curd is I always Knglish. In Russia all horse breeding is under military supervision. "You seem to be aomevot flush ed mit money lately, Adolf. Vot iss der answer of ier reason?" , I "Why, dot iss becass I haf went to vork. Dot iss der answer of der reason." "So? I am glat you haf glfen up picking pockets und selegtet somedlng vich hasn no obbortun- Ity to be dlahonest. Vere are you vorkln,;?" "By yon of dose help-yourself restaurants, Osgor." "Attending to der patrons?" "No; attending to der cash drawer." ISAN FRANCISCO.-^Awakenlngl to find a masked burglar covering liitn with a revolver, J. P. Jones, told his wife to "go back to sleep," and then proceeded to talk the crook Into a fit of hysterical weep ing, after which he took the thief's Kirn and today landed him behind the bars. The burglar says bis n*me is Edward Uevlln. 18. I peep .stuff) Tyj" UN D \jk Ribbons off Steel Spread On Ocean Flagler's Over-Sea Railroad Open By William Shepherd. KEY WEST, Fla., Feb. t. —A tall, gaunt, white-haired man of 82 sat on the rear platform and smiled as the 25,000 people of the coral Island cheered themselves hoarse. The old man was Henry M. Flagler and the crowd was cheering the arrival of the first train ever seen there —a train that had come 120 miles on a trestle over the ocean from mainland. In 1899 Flagler called together some engineers and showed them a, map of lower Florida—a long strip of narrow coral islands, or "keys." "I -want a railroad built out to the last one of those keys," said Flagler. That was Key West. W. J. Krome, a young Illinois engineer, was sent out to survey the Islands and the sea. Ho trudg ed, rowed and struggled through jungles and swamps, over salt rivers and stretches of ocean. The construction work was dar ing and perilous. Three' hurri canes, of the merciless typhoon type, did millions of dollars' worth of damage. In 1906 a wind of 125 mites an hour swept out to sea a houseboat containing over 300 men, and smashed it on a 1 coral reef. Days later men float- 1" Ing on boards were picked up on!; the coast of Cuba, 100 miles away.! The work of years went down. Steel girders 9 feet 'high and 60 1 feet long, and rocks weighing tons . were blown out to sea. "Build it again and build It , (stronger,'" said the Iron Flagler. A hurricane In October, 1909, Bent waves under the great con crete arches and bursted them like bubbles. "Make something that will stand these waves," ordered Flat,', ler. This task was given to A. S. ' Coe. Today that "something" ! stands a series of 325 gigantic i 'concrete arches, crossing seven • miles of open ocean, foundations; built in 30 feet of water, anchored | to bed rock below the ocean floor, 1 I carrying a railway truck 15 feet above the widest wave that a 2 00- I mlle-an-hour wind can kick up. Almost every engineer on the Job has tied himself in the top branches of a cocoanut tree, with; I the waves sweeping the Island be low him, and has tossed about j like •a- cocoanut, as the tree | whipped the sky, until the wind I died down. I In 1906 all the boats and dredges were blown to sea. That j . cost Flagler three-quarters of a million dollars. After that, when a hurricane came along, they knocked holes In I the bottoms of the boats and sank - them where the wind could not i move them. When the hurricane passed they pumped out the boats and went back to work. The ride to Key West is memor t able. On one side stretches the gulf of Mexico to the horizon. On the other the Atlantic ocean. Be hind the track seems to run off the edge into black storm clouds , Before, it runs over the ocean, r Into the sky. 8 Now and then you come to an a island, dash through Jungles and! swamp for a few minutes, then out again over the ocean. You see 11 sharks in the water below and bright coral beds. "The hurricanes come only In y October and November," says Coe. "I don't know how high a wind It would take to blow off these Pull- In the Public Eye Frederick Jauics Volney Skiff, director of the Field Columbian Museum at Chicago for the past 14 years, member of the Legion of Honor of France and holder of a aeon* of foreign decorations, has aecpted an appolntmpnt as dlrector-ln-ehlef of foreign and domestic participation of the Pa- nama-Paclflc international exposi tion, which lg to be held In San Francisco In 1915. Entered st th» poftoffiee at Taeoraa, Wash., as second-claw matter, Telegraphic - Service of United Pre«« Association. 1 ; •. * V Published Every BTfmliut Except Hun<l»y !■>■ the T«com» Times I'ub lulling Qompmnr. ;~; -.* ABOVE THE FIRST PULLMAN TRAIN OVER THE LONG OCEAN TRESTLE; BELOW. PART OK THE CROWD WELCQM INC, IT AT KEY WEST. CROSS SHOWS FL.AGLER, OWNER Ol THE ROAD. mans. I've seen an empty freight car stand on a trestle In an 80 --mile wind. But we're not going Ito allow trains to go over-sea In a iwind. Electrical gauges on all the trestles will hold trains back ; wlien the wind blows 50 miles an ihour or more." This road is Klagler's $50,000,- Trlncesg Rosplgllosl, who was Mary Jennings *teid of WashinK- ion, granddaugh ter of C o m- HiHKler R e i <!,| hero of the war •if 1812, has re turn c d to America after an absence of 12; years. She la go- Ing to San Fran cisco, wliere her mother died two weeks ago. As the pope has re fused to - annul I her former mar riage to Freder i c k Parkhrust the princess and her nobleman husband have had to content themselves with met a rivll rfire- I I'rlncess Rosplg- JUE3I .1 UI>II tOIC- Prlacew R<:si>ls- « * * llosi. MICAJAH WISK, 109 years old, appeared in the newspaper offices at Scranton, Pa., and made the editors retract th ur statements that he was dead. FRANK A. HARDY, 94 years old, and who has held 109 years of public office, contemplates re tiring. He lhfs In Washington township, Miami county, Ohio. Bankrupt SALE The entire stock of the Kelly Hdw. Co., 1118-1120 So. X., furniture, stoves, ranges, hardware, crockery, painis, oils and glass. The entire stock must be sold, and if you will come in and get the prices, you will be convinced. All dishes go at one-half off. Rugs and furniture at almost half of the former price. In fact, a great reduction of this entire large stock. If you need plumbing goods come in. Kelly Hardware Co. Has Been Purchased by A. M. Berg TKonaayJTWJHJ^WzT^" 000 hobby. Florida folks are won deilng how he will get his mone] l)a<k. Th« last 161 miles rum through uninhabited country, bu< Flasl^r says that freight cars an to be loaded with fruit In Cuba brought across to Key West il ferry boats and drawn directly t« Chicago and New York. TODAY INJISTORY Feb. 5, IBG4, the championship buttle of Champion Hills waa fought. The hill* were named Champion be fore the battle, which was a Cham pionshtp fight In that Gen. J. B. Mc- I'herson and hlg union forces chased the con federates eigh teen miles In constant skirm- ish and that without losing any of tli< ■ speed they had planned to make if unopposed. Besides that the confederates left behind them a pontoon bridge which was too much trouble to carry. DID YOU KNOW--- The phraua "The Nuked Truth" raino from an oIU-ttm* fabl* which represented Truth and Falsehood as going bathing, and how Falsehood by trickery decked herßelf In Truth's clothing and made off. Truth, rather than don the garments of Falsehood, went naked.