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The Tacoma Times
fc_^^^^. Th« only Independent newipapar In Tacoma. Member of i-^^^^ B^^g^ the Scrlppa Northwest I«i|un of N«wi(>pcri, the Newipi- B^M*^ ~^l p»r Enterprise Aieoeietlnn ami the United Preae Aeaoela- W^^Tr. S^fclfc tlone. Kntered at the poitofflie, Taooma. Waih ,a* NnrpniJ- K^^9 BUk < >»»» matter. Puhllahad by the Tauoma Tlmea FulWuhlng Sfce^fc*^ 2^% '°- every evrnlnc except Sunday. 155^258f1? (■^""tß^J Kate* —By mall, 30 cent* a month; $S a yi*ar; hjr carrier, pl^B^^ BS I^^^MMB^Cv It cents a month. Telephone, all drpertmenta. Main IZ. HM^V^Wb I Offii•«■». Times Hutldlnc. 819 Paclflo avenue. I Hf Street Cap Fares Stone & Webster street railway officials of Tacoma and Seattle have been talking for a long time about the "impossibility" of- making their property pay on a basis of five-cent fare. . They ought to wad an article by Newton D. Baker, now secretary of war, and former mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, in the current issue of Hearst'* magazine, entitled, "What Has and Can Be Done by Municipal Ownership and Control." He tells how the city of Cleveland, by taking control of. the traction company there six years ago, has saved $4,000,000 annually to the Cleve land public by carrying them at a fare of 3 rents. Stockholders in the com pany, under municipal control, receive a guaranteed return, of G per cent. Three-cent fare in Cleveland has been an unquestioned success. J3aker writes: "Three-cent fare with universal transfers, unrivaled day service and excellent rush-hour service, in well-ventilated and well-lighted cars, run ning on as good a roadbed as can be found in any city of the country ai\d operated by the highest-paid, best-treated trainmen in the world, is an actuul, persistent reality on exhibition 24 hours a day in the city of Cleve* land, wnieh has a population, including its environs, of 800,000 inhabi tants." And yet Seattle has had to give up the privilege of buying 4-eent car tickets because Stone & Webster say*they can't make any money, and Taco ma has to" be everlastingly on her guard against efforts to increase fares, directly or indirectly, here. t According to the Lowell Courier-Citizen, which lives in the neighborhood and ought to know, the in habitants of the Ayer cantonment pronounce it "can TONE-ment" instead of "CAN-tone-ment," which is the pronounciation of the dictionary. Evidently they think there is mare tone in tone than in can. Jud^e Jurey Because Edwin Conrad Strom of Seattle, a ship carpenter, voted for the shipyard strike so that only "fair," or eigtat-hour-a-day lumber might be tised, .Judge John S. Jurey, of the King county superior court, denied him citizenship papers. "Any man so lacking in patriotism," he said, "that he would strike at such a time when the "United States is in dire need of ships to carry supplies to our allie^ and troops across tlie seas, is not fit to become a citizen of this country." This judge, with the super ego with which the ermine often clothes men of diminutive intellect, announces that several thousand Seattle work men are unworthy of citizenship because they have insisted on the eight hour-a day labor for which Secretary of War Baker pleaded, and which has been advocated by the governor of this state (who appointed Judge Jurey). Would the judge have denied citizenship to an employer who voted with his associates for a strike "in this time of dire need," rather than agree to the eight-hour day? Would the naturalization examiner have had the "gall" to ask the EMPLOYER how he voted in THAT case? Leading surgeons claim that 90 per cent of the 4Srafted men cursed by rejection as unfit could easily $6 made fit in reclamation camps; that even "con scruples" could be cured by association frith men who are not cowardly. "Smoke" M. Nikitine has charge of the evacuation of Petrograd, and any punster who has read "Smoke" will appreciate. What a novel. With relentless scorn Turgenief portrays the intellect als who should have been the hope of free Rus-" sia and are its doom. . A horrible indictment of democracy the new Russian appears—on the surface. At bottom it is a horrible indictment of autocracy. Despotism never taught citizenship. Its niethod is, of course, to discourage the capacity for citizenship. Much less did it teach statesmanship.' Of ne cessity, minds deprived of training in practical affairs and wills undisciplined for practical serv ice wasted their vagrant energies in theorizing, in philosophizing, in vaguely dreaming, just as in the pages of "Smoke." Result: M. Nikitine assists at the evacuation of Petrograd itself. It is a logical consequence of tyranny. What little goo 3 the Russian despotism accomplished lies interred with its bones. The evil lives after it. —Chicago Tribune. Success is sweet: the sweeter if long delayed and lined thru manifold struggles and defeats. —Alcoit. | What Are Kings Thinking? And now it's statesmen of Italy who are boldly declaring that their country is in the war for Mthe democratization of states." We would give something nice for the private opinions of the kings of Italy, England, Belgium, Rumania, Scrvia and Montenegro on this world wide movement for democracy. We already have A fjur idea of the czar's (Ex ) opinion on it ANNUAL BALL ' The Tahoma Dancing academy will hold Us Second Annual Ball next Wednesday evoning, Sept. 19th. Wesley and Johuaon, the managers, have Issued quite a large number of complimentary tickets and no doubt there will bo a largo attendance. The floor 1b being retinlshed and i>olißhed, which will make it one of the best, .is well as beins the largest dance floor in Taeorua. Soldier boys from Camp Lewis are always wel come there and all the boys in uni form will be admitted free to the annual ball. Good management, good order, good music and a good time la the motto of the Tahoma. adv. Harvard Opens Door to Women ii nil. .I Prm l.riurd Wire.) CAMBRIDGE, Mass., Sept. 17. —The war has opened the doors of Harvard, one of the most con servative irnversitles In the world, to women. "Harvard has opened her medical school to women as a war measure," Dr. E. H. Bradford, il^an of the school, told the Unit ed Press In an interview today. "But the medical education for women lias come to stay. There is undoubtedly a place for wom en in the profession," he Tin' war is calling thousand." 'of our medical men to service, students ready to enter medical .schools have been drafted. Some thing must be done to make up the shortage ami we look to the wom en to solve the problem." BUSINESSMEN TO CONFER <l nlir.l l'rr.» I rn»,,l Wlrr.l ATLANTIC CITY. N. J., Sept. 17.—One of the most Important business conventions since Ameri ca entered the war will 6pen hera tomorrow. Representative men from vari ous sections were arriving today. Held under the auspices of the Charuber of Commerce of the United States, Mm war* convention of American business will be ad dressed by Secretary of War Baker, Secretary of Interior Lane; Herbert C. Hoover, Lord North cliffe, members of the council of national* defense and many others engaged in war work. , / Seventh* ward W. ft T. U. will meet Tuesday afternoon at 2 o'clock with Mrs. J. J. Schofleld, SII4 No. Bth. Department work for the coming year will be dis cussed. The Woman's Missionary «» clety of First Congregational church will be entertained Wed nesday afternoon at the home of Mrs. G«orge R. Osgodd, 402 No. D St., to welcome members and church friends after the vacation. A review of the Seabeck misston , ary conference will be given by Miss McLafferty. Kmi Hill Rebekah auxiliary will give a dance Friday evening, Sept. 21, at Lincoln dancing acad emy. Invitations are being issued by Mrs. Charles Ellis. Harriatce llomim* wvre insued Saturday to Oeorge R. Arnold and Mary Thornton. Tacoma; A. C. Barn«tt, jr., and Esther Peter ton, Tacoma; to Andrew Alannn and Ida Uronvall, Tacoma; R. Thuraton and Kathryn ivtfnton, Seattle; T. B. Ivans and Frances M. Hobs, Tacoma. Monday, Etopt. 17,1917.-THI TACOMA TIMBfr- Page Four ronrr signy-n^ wirn MAKRIAUK AND M>\ Is MAY NOT (OIMIDK. The third act of the play (Ha>» I'aula) opened at the home or Buelah Burton, llanna had read in the paper that Buelah was giv ing an entertainment for cbarity, and taking advantage of tbh» as an excuse she goes to the home of the girl Evan Treadway is going to marry. Mutirr, showing Hanna Into a splendid drawing room: Miss Burton wUI see you shortly, Miss. Hanna: Thank you. (She sinks into a seat partly facing the door. ) „ • Enter, Buelah Burton. Huelali, in a somewhat insolent as well as questioning voice, just speaks Hanna's name: Miss Krankel. Hanna, rising: I heard. Miss Burton, that you are giving an entertainment for charity and 1 ventured to come and offer my services. Buelah: And wh%t may those services be? Hanna: I play the piano—have been engaged for next season for a series of concerts in America, and arter that in England, France and Germany under the management of • Buelah, superciliously: lam to have Paderewskl play. Hanna: It was at Paderewskl's suggestion that I came to offer my services. He has been good enough to write this. (Shows her a letter.) Buelah, reads Jotter and says muglngly: It would make a sen sational hit. - Hanna: What do you mean. Miss Burton? ■ Buelah: Oh, let's not fence any more. I know perfectly well who you are and you knew whom v you were coming to see. All so ciety will flock to see in one room the woman Kvan Treadway 1* to marry and the woman who has kept him from marrying all these years I think it would be a splendid thins if you would play my accompaniments. You know I am going to sing and we might do, "Bid me (ioodbya and Go" as an encore. Hanna: Do you mean to tell me, Miss Burton, that you would make mockery of the tragedy that has come into our lives? For you must know that this is equally tragic for you as for me. No woman could have been to a man what I have been to Evan Treadway with out leaving an Indelible imprint of herself upon his heart. In the time which will surely come to you and Kvan when the last Kleam of golden passion goes out and before the silver of the moon of af fection and companionship comes iip over the horizon of your dreams, the ghost of me will stalk in both your hearts. It will.t&ke all your love, aH your selt-sjicriflce, all your devotion to lay that ghOßt. ' Buetah, lightly: I don't believe In photsts and after lam mar ried to Kvan Treadway it will not matt«*r to me whose ghost flits thru his Hfe. I shall have his name, the name of the richest bachelor in New York, a name that all New York has said rightfully belonged to you, and that even if you did not bear it you co»ld keep any other woman from getting. I have demonstrated again that Buelah Bur ton has done the most sensational thing of the season and I rather think this concert business will cap the climax of my society career. Ilanua, tremblingly: Then you don't love Evan? Buelah: I.ove Kvau Treiidway? Love the man who has given the best years of his life to another woman—love a m*u who Is liable! to be haunted by the ghosts of a day that is dead? I should say not. I am marrying Kvau Treadway, which Is a very different thing from loving him. llanna: You will never marry Kvan Treadway. Buelah: You ornnot prevent It. llanna: I will prevent it. When 1 thought Evan Treadway loved you and you loved him, I was willing to give him up if you could make him happier than I, but you do not love him. God for give you you would marry him to pleane your vanity of the moment. Kvan Treadway is too fine to be sacrificed to your feminine egotism, and whether he comes back to me or not, I'll prevent him marrying "(The curtains at the back of the stage open and Evan Tread way Btepß T t r pa" way: You don't have to prevent it, Hanna—l cohWI not help'overhearing, and 1 know that fate has U always been kind to me. Come, Hanna. come home to me. tlanna: But, Evan, are you sure you want me? Kvan- Yes, dear: I know now you have always been my love and henceforth I will say it to the, world when I call you wire (They go out the door without a look back as the curtain falls.) The end of the play. (To Be Continued.) GERMAN ARTILLERY IN BAD CONDITION BY WrtiMAM PHIIJ-IP SIMMS (I 1 |»* Staff Correspondent) WITH THIO BRITISH ARMIKS IN THIS nBLD, Sept. 17.—Ger man guns are becoming no worn, at least in certain sectors, that the kaiser's troops are frequently kill ed by their own shells, according to prisoners' statements today. Worn guna and lack of sufficient aeroplanes are causing the armies under Crown Prince Rnpprecht considerable trouble. The story has been told anl verified by pris oners today that the German guns fire short as a rule and there being no planes to observe the error, the shells have frequently been burst ing in German trenches. The Outbursts of Everett True, w «*»» V A gun in good condition can be fired accuratery by tabulation. Un der given conditions a shell wiH go exactly so many yards. When a Rim becomes worn, however, the shells do not travel as far as they should algebraically. Hence, the Germans' trouble. German prisoners complain of the shelling. Some see in it the usual callousness of the higher commanders, who have not any regard for the lives of their men. Diaries show the Germans are calling some of these worn guns "99% millmeter pieces" explain ing this as "short for 100 mlli iih•ti-r" because tfce wAns them selves "are always a little short." FRUIT BUTTER By Cynthia Grey. What to send a soldier next winter is a question which already disturbs many a military man's wife, mother or sweetheart. Canned fruits put up in glass will not virni transportation. Dried fruits cannot be cooked easily by a soldier. ' But what about fruit butters? They are much like the famous "plum or apple" jam with which England so lavishly supplies her troops. They concentrate the most fruit flavor and sugar in the smallest amount of space and in! any kind of a container. The but- i ters can be storey at home and I shipped to the absent one in small quantities. The following recipes have been tested by government experts: APIMJ4 BITTKIt, is made by boiling down sweet elder to half its original quantity, then adding apples which ' have been peeled and sliced. , It takes, about equal amounts of sweet cider and peeled and sliced apples to make butter of the right consistency. Two things essential to making pood apple butter are: i,ong, slow W jj^lf^fcj) CYNTHDA QREY (AN BUtVOIUAL FOR WOMMN, BY CYNTHIA ORKT.) Women uro always willing to boil potatoes and fry meat. These are short cooking processes. Baking br^ad is a long process, there fore it was the first housewifely duty which woman thrust out of the in.ii, c, and the one which is*today avofded more thau any other by the mi;i > ..I housekeepers. Now that the price of our dally bread, as purchased at the stores, is known to be extortionate, women learn that the labor re quiredl to make bread is the baker's excuse for doubling Its price. To the cost of the Ingredients, bakers add an equal sum as their profit, their reward for .doing the mixing and kneading, formerly .done by the wife at home. The actual "" i of the 10-cent loaf is less than 5 cents, according to Washington figures. Hoover says that the 8-cent loaf allows the baker a good profit. The American woman protests in vain when she is orer-Cnarged 2 cents a loaf. Just lately she has learned that bread costs more in the Unitod States than in fanrine-thratened, war-torn Europe. Authoritative statistics show that bread in Belgium and France costs 40 per cent leas than in New York, and that in England four pounds of bread are to be had for 28 cents, which is about one-third less than in America, wlwro the wtyeat U grown. Isn't it .ilm.ul time fur the housekeeper to do a good deal more tluui murmur an objection to the ten-oont loaf? Woman Is the original bread baker, and obviously In: Is compe tent to cut the nation's bread bill In two simply by doing her own baking at home. SHE CAN SAVE 5 CENTS ON EVERY LOAF SIIK MAKES. AT THE RATE OF A LOAF A DAY TO EACH FAMILY, THE WOMEN OF THE COUNTRY COCIJ3 HAVE $400,000,000 TO THEIR CREDIT IN THE HANKS. AT THE END OF JUST ONE YEAR, IF THEY WOULD DO FOR THEMSELVES WHAT THEY ARE NOW LETTING THE BAKERS DO FOR THEM. "But we do not want to return to such primitive ways," an nounces some no-called "progressive" lady. "We want to free the home of drudgery." Which is douhtlem admirable, in times of peace. But Just now the business of all civilized peoples is to free the world of German militarism. This is more important than any other human aim. To claim exemption from the common service on any grounds is a symptom of mental or moral inferiority. Suoh » spirit is unfair to our allies, it Is unfair to* the armies we are raising, It is unfair to woman herself. Man, too, was trying to lift the world out of Its dreariness, trying to lighten the physical burdens of existence, trying to make living a finer and a better Art, when the Hun broke loose. War sett tin; artist and the artisan together back to the most primitive customs, to digging ditches, to living out of doors. By what right can woman cHng to the old easier haliits? Why should »he escape her portion of manual labor? * Woman can control bread prices In this country by going back to the kneading board. Just as man has gone back to the pick and shovel In the cause of democracy. The goTernment has fixed the price of wheat at $2:20 a bushel. It Is up to the women of the country to take up the Job of reducing bread prices when the government power ceases. HELP HOOVER. He says an 8-cent loaf is reasonable. DON'T SHIRK YOUR SHARE, Madame Housewife, and BREAD WILL SELL FOR THAT, OR LESS! The requests for directlons for making <Mll pickles are ho numer ous that I am reprinting the ii ti|h- which appeared In my col umn a few weeks ago. Pleane clip It out now, or enclose a self-ad drewsed ntami»e<l envelope for a copy, an It will not aPi>ear again this season. I ..!|i>nini' In the recipe: Fill a-quart in- with cucum bers, alNHi* 4 or .T Inches long. putting dill broken into -mull pieces in with them, about 1 Ntalk of diU to a jar. Pack the Jars rtonely. Make v l>rine of 1 gal lon of water, I teacup Halt, 1 teacup good elder Vinegar and pour over the cucumbers boiling hot and seal. Place, them where Hi.- light, and a little sunHhine will strike them. Shake occa sionally. After a couple of weeks] remove to the fruit closet. Ifj they ferment and the brine cooks | white, it will not Injure them. Add j * few green grapes if you like. Dear Miss Cirey: lam a I toy of 21 and am goluß wit it a girl of 20. I love her dearly, but there Is only one thing I can do in order to get her consent in marriage. I ha,ve a few hundred dollars in the bank and she said I would have to Invest it in some business be fore ato» would become my wife. What do you advise me to do? M. 8. A.—Unfortunately, w« w«re not «JI cut out for buMiiMwt peo ple.. If you have ■ keen percep tion, ami a fair knowledge of mmiic I iii si in ■■<- ami the fatea are A 1.1. mill >-<»v, yon MMIHT make. «o«<»— and you nOtflit »nt O«. cooking (4 to 6 hours), and con stant stirring. Sugar should be added after the cooking of cider and apples is about two-thirds done. About a pound is the usual amount per gallon of apple butter. Apple butter is spiced according to preference, about half a tea spoonful eaHi of ground cinnamon, cloves, and allspice for each gal lon being, a common mixture. These are stirred Into It when the oooking is finished. While boiling liot, apple butter should be packed 411 hot sterilized glasses, glass jars, or hermetically sealed stone jars, or crocks with tigiitly fitting covers, and be ster ilized in steam as follows: Set the Containers, filled and with tops on, in a vessel fitted with false bottom and deep enough to hold them/, pour In a little water, put on the coven^to hold in the steam and set over tne fire. After the steam has escaped A minutes ( 1 (I minutes for half ual lon, or 15 for larger containers) take the containers out to cool. I>o not disturb the covers until the butter Is to be used. If «he covers do not fit tightly place waxed ,or oiled paper in them to make a tight fit before sterilizing is done. the other hand, if you liave a good portion, ami no executive uMlity, I would advise you to hang on to the position—and the coin. If your fiance*"cannot sM thing* In «lns light, *!ie would make v very unrea.soniible wife. Dear Mlas Grey: I have read the letterslgned "Energetic 18" and have wondered if perhaps one .thing at the bottom of this dilemma is not "selfish ness." Is it that these girls really do not meet" nice young men, or Is it that they do not recognize or attract them? 1, myself, belong to the samp class of several of these girls, but when I «■■>« what some girls have done I haVe concluded that the trouble is not so much with the young men as with me. I know sev eral girls who have come to thi- city as strangers and with out social advantages, and have gathered around them selves a circle of friends of both sexes; and they ar« girls of a good typfe. But they are girls who are able to so forget themselves that they can meet a man on a plain footing as a fellow-being. "As we bow, we reap," ap plies to this as well as any thing* else. I • li'-ar people say it is too bad/ that ro-and-so docs not met a nice young man, but I know that if I tell the truth. It is qgt that I do not meet them, but that I do not attract. I cannot believe that girls in the business world, as most of these girls seem to be, Actually do not meet any men • PEACH BUTTKH. Put the peaches In a wire basket and dip in boiling water a few sec onds until-the skin slips. Then dip into cold water and peel and lit the fruit. Mash the pulp and cook in its own juice. If it is coarse put it thru a colander or coarse wire sieve. To each meas ure of pulp add one-half measure of sugar, cook slewly and stir fre quently until the product is of the desired thickness. The meats of several pits may be cooked either whole or tliced in each gallon of hutter. While .still hot sterilize like apple butter, or cover with hot paraffin. pi.vm iirrmi. Wash the plums and place them in a preserving kettle with water enough barely to cover, and cook until soft. Then put them thru a colander or coarse wire sieve to re move the seed* and skins, ami to each measure of" pulp add threc l'ourths measure of sirKar and cook slowly with frequent stirring until the'butter is as thick as desired. Cinnamon, allspice and cloves may be added according to taste. I^im butter should be packed hot in sterilized jars or glasses and then be sterilized like apple but ter. in the course of their work, It is a hard thing to ,;i>. bat It applies to me, too; but it 1b true that there is something• lacking or undeveloped within üb, which has placed us whore we are. I dare say of some of these girls at least, were they to meet the young men whose lettera they read and agree with aa they read —Would they be con genial ? There can he no effect without a cause, and I belier* that some of ua have just t>e con|e aroused to the efect, and .our work now is to destroy this cause, and that is a problem which we iii-nst work out be fore it Is too late. . And the boya who say that they would like to meet a nice "home" .sort of a girl. Do they do their parj? Do they co-ot> erate? I, myself, like the Idea of several girls and ixiys get ting together, and having a good time singing, with a nttle dancing or cards, or sonfe oth er form of amusement —but I have had the experience and I know others have too, of har lng some of those invited en tirely omit to inform me wheth er they were coming or not, and others to sit back and ear "I can't sing," and so forth. Both as young women and young men" I hellfve that the cause and the remedy is with in ourselves, and that we should remember "the fun is in the fellow" and that opportunity is ever at the door. HOI*EFUI* Q. —When a lady is sitting and is introduced to a man, should she rise to acknowledge the introduction? ' EITQUETTE. A.—No. It Is not customary, unletw tlie man Is very much older. Dear Miss Orey: While read ing.your column the other even- Ing I noticed a letter signed "Broken-Hearted" claiming to have a very Jealous husband,£nd It immediately brought to mind an incident which actually hap pened many years ago, yet had splendid results, and I would like to relate it. Maybe "Brok en-Hearted" might apply the same treatment to her spouse. An insanely jealous man mar ried a very good tho uneducated woman and he was at the opin ion that she flirted with every man she met. He made h£r life, .M. h a perfect hell that finally she In desperation resolved In her own tnlnil that she would stand It no longer, so she pro ceeded to administer corporal unlshment with a stick of stove wood, and after she had all but finished, him, she shrieked In tones that he understood, "I'll give you to understand that I'll sueak to every man I meet and them I don't meet I'll holler at." And it waa sufficient—fie never was Jealous of her again. MRS. M. • Dear Miss Grey: I hare ■ small circular pin which 1117 great-great-aunt gay% me. I waa too young then to ask her what It stood for, but now T would like to know. Some say it is an old Masonic etnbiam. Oould you please ted me where I might be Able to learn If It has anything to do with the Masonic order? J. F. B. Any of the loading Jewelers no doubt could give you the Informa tion about the pin. If not, consult tome of the off irers In the Masonic Wtdjce la the city.