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* Full Leased Wire Report of the United Press Association )f Complete Service of the Newspaper EntwtftfseAssociation IT
One Cent • VOL. XV. NO. 140. Americans Strike Another Blow Today's Big Sky Spectacle The moon gets between the sun and the earth today, casting a black shadow at the rate of half a mile a second across the United States from Washington to Florida. The shadow's width varies from 66 miles on the Pacific to 40 miles on the Atlantic coast; total eclipse lasts two minutes at Aberdeen, 45 seconds in Florida. While the patch of total eclipse is narrow, all North America sees it as a partial eclipse. CLOUDY WEATHER MAY SPOIL TACOMA'S VIEW OF ECLIPSE Unless clouds and showers in tervene, Tacoinans will see a 99 per cent eclipHe of the sun at 3:55 Saturday afternoon, or if they take a trip as far soiith as Chehalls they may witness the eclipse in its totality. While Weatherman Cover fore cast possible showers for Satur day, the day started out fair. The sun wa» out bright in the morning, all ready for the moon to appear and cast its shadow ou the earth in oae of nature's rarest spectacles. About noon it clouded up in Tacomn. Is.- Smoked (ilasg A partial eclipse of the sun should be visible much of the afternoon, the biggest portion of the sun's diameter will be covered during the few minutes after 3: 5j p. in. Every person should procure a piece of smoked glass or phono graph film thru which to watch the eclipse, in order to protect the eyes. The area of totality will b« from the southern limits of Olym pla to about 30 miles south of Chehalls. Kfferl on W«r? * Many credulous people won dered whether the eclipse would have »ny effect on the world war, even tho unseen in the war zone. Down the ages, they recalled, the list of famous eclipses 1b set opposite tho list of famous bat tles. Darkness of an eclipse in years past ha* stopped battles and turned d«feM to victory—for the side telttßf Om story ECLIPSES IN THE DRAMA OF WAR Battle between Medes and Lydlans stopped by eclipse of May 28, 111 B. C. Eclipse of Aug. C, 431 B. C, marked first year of Pelopon nesinn war. Persians defeated near Cnidus Immediately after eclipse of 394 B. ('. Tyrant.of Syracuse aided in war against Carthaginians by eclipse of 310 B. ('. Alaric, the Visigoth, appeared before Rome "in a great gloom," probably eclipse of June 18, 410 A. D. Kcllpse occurred Feb. 24, 453 A. D., when Atilla, the Hun, was ravaging Italy. In 733 A. A. "Aethelhald captured Somerton, and the sun was eclipsed, and all the sun's disc was like a black shield," re ports the Anglo-Saxon chronicle. Olav, king of Norway, was killed at the battle of Stlkla stad during the eclipse of Aug. 30, 1030. And the famous battle of Crecy was NOT fought during an eclipse, as its historians proudly boast. The Medes and Lydians called | off a terrible fight, 585 B. C, In order to watch the eclipse, and the next day they made peace accord ing to Herodotus. Ho and HI The first recorded eclipse i* that of 4000 years ago, which Is celebrated by the ancient dog gerel : Here He the bodies of Ho and HI Whose fate tho gad was visible— Being hanged because they could not spy Th' eclipse — which was invisible. Ho and Hi were Chinese as tronomers who failed to notify their emperor of an" approaching eclipse. The Tacoma Times I Their unfortunate tragedy em phasizes the sad fact that it has always been the custom to associ ate an eclipse with bloodshed. Historians generally have prefer red bloodshed in quantities, as in war. The mysteries of nature ac count for most myths and some religions. To savagos today, at of yore, an eclipse means either that his god Is wroth with him, or else that a dragon is eating up his god. Savages scare off the devouring beast with the noise of gongs and drums and hideous screeching*. As late as the e«llpse of 1878, an Indian at Fort Sill fired his re volver at the sun, while he mum bled and gestured in the greatest terror. d THE ONLY INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER IN TACOMA. MARINES ATTACK Wisdom of Gen. Foch's Choice Demonstrated Special Battlefront Dispatch to The Times From C. C. Lyon, Staff Correspondent. WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY ON Till. BOMIfJS, Jane 8. —Without ■ doubt the greatest sin gle day's work the allies have done sint-e the begin ning of the war waa when they came 1<» their sense and made Gen, Fo<h supieiiie commander of all tin ir forces. The benefiti of one supreme command have proved themselves, after only ■ few weeks of trial. The greatest of these results is the NEW KPJKIT in the allied ranks. It is a spirit that expresses itself after this fashion, and it is heard from officers and men of all the allied armies: "Standing together as one great army, we can't lose because Foch is a greater general than anyone the Germans have produced, Hindenburg not excepted, and he now has at his command, to direct as he wishes, more men, more guns, more munitions and a higher morale than the Germans. It is only a mat ter of time until he wins." It took the allies a long time to conic to the point where they could lay aside their pride and their sel fishness and center on one man to direct them. Surprise to the Huns The Germans were posibly nearer winning (he war last April than they'll ever be again. At that time the allies were divided into separate armies: the British had their own organization and. their line to hold, the French had theirs and the Americans had theirs, (Continued on Page Eight.) HUN FLEET IS TO STRIKE? (United Press I/eased Wire.) MII.AN, Italy, June B.—Reports are in circulation here that the German admiralty is preparing a huge naval stroke against the allies. Orders are said to have been given the high seas fleet to be in instant readiness to move. Numerous high German nay al officers have been recalled from Switzerland and all leaves are said to have been suspended. Talk o' the Times (Jreotlngs, are you wash ing for the corona.? Tacoma bakers have just suc cessfully shown us again how to raise bread without using yeast. And another thing we li<>l«e cotiKi'OtN doesn't tux any luii'ii «t is < lothiiiK- If it ilni •■-. wo fear tlic t*lotliing manufactur ers nnil dealers will raise the prices. An appeal lias been l«sue<l to (ieniian people to go bare foot. Wliat'H the matter? Have they run out of substi tute* for nli <*".'.' YET SOME FOLKS THINK THAT CHIVALRY EXPIRED WITH THE KNIGHTS OF OLD *• (Old Doc. Roberts to the reporters at conclusion of husk trial.) "Now you understand," he said, calmly and distinctly, "now you understand what I have stood from this woman." WEATHER FORECAST Olivia spent all h«r money on chocolates and had to use an old brown silk stocking to watch the eclipse. What was yours? To night and Sun day partly cloudy. Occa sionally threat ening. MORNING (Found on the body of an Aus tralian soldier.) Ye that have faith to look with fearless eyes Beyond the tragedy of a world at strife, And know that out of death and night shall rise The dawn of ampler life: Rejoice, whatever anguish rend the heart, That (Sod has given yoii the priceless dower To live in these great times, and have your part In Freedom's crowning hour. That ye may tell your sons who Ml (he light High in the heavens—their heritage to take— "I saw the powers of darkness take their flight; I saw the morning break." Try to Steal a Baby Bear L. G. Wilson of the Milwaukee Tug Boat Co. called police Fri day about 2 p. m. and told them that someone had "swiped his little baby hear from hie office." He caught the bear hunting some weeks ago and keepg it around the office; it's only about the size of a cat. Sherlock* from h. q. got busy, and, of course, found it for Wal lace. Someone had taken It out In the yard and locked it up in a box, apparently figuring on coming back and taking It away TODAY'S BATTLE SUMMARY BY LEASED WIRE TO TIMES MAIINM I'Ho.vr French forces eo-operatUm with the Ameri cans northwest of Cheateau Thirerry made Further advance* on the northern portion <>t the front, at the mum time repulsing two violent Gorman attack* on the southern portion. The French also Inproved their pCMltlom wnrt of Soissons. Artillery was active in the Aisne region of tin' front. PK'AKDV I-'HOXT Tli<> British made it iurrnsfal mid near Hullochi between Laßawee and Lent, The (Herman artillery was active north or Albert, ll..>\i)i.us KIMMT nritisii patroli Inflicted casualties on tin' eiiemy in the Stra/tcle sector, in the northern portion of the front. li.WCK—A s|jpi i;tl eommieetofl hai been appointed to ar range for the defense of Paris, as a precautionary measure. The Qertuatt* rontinued to bombard that city arlth long ranee Kirns. GKKMAKV Koports iron) neutral sources pertiat tliat the German nav> i« prepaflm for it major stroke agalnit the coav blned British, French and American tea forcee. The Oerman liinii fleet hi s;ii<i u> be nsder ofden to nicve at any time. lII'SSIA Ukrainian iiea^antw are liiirniiiK the forests. n>i/.- Inp. arms and oppokiog Qerman dominance, I*l-7I'IC( ><• It Alt Workmen are Ir\ i ny; to induce the Kussian peasants to send bread into the city for the Marvin*; population. It negotiations fail, fuiifi may be employed. ALL GAINS ON ENEMY ARE HELD ______________„ . - — ■ £ Dispatch From Fred S. j Ferguson. I Hy I iiiii-il Press la>mn<nl Wire. | WITH THE AMERICANS ON THE MAUNK, June S. Ameri can troops, co-operating with Ibo French, this morning hold all gains of the last two days' I'iKht ing on a 10 miles front north west of Chateau Thierry. The Americans and French now hold a line extending north west of Vinly, thru Himsiares and Helleau to southeast of Houres chos. This represents an ad vance running from les.s than _ mile at some points to nearly! three BUM at olher points. The Americans' advance adds] (Continued on rage bight.» PERSHING ON JOB AT CANTIGNY (I'nliril I'n-s, I.man) Wlrr.) WASHINGTON', I). ('., June S. —-<Jen. I'ershing, commander in chief of the American forces abroad, personally directed the attack that resulted in the (rapture of Cantigny, a few days ago, the senate military affairs committee was told today at the meeting of the war council. And at the saint- time it was revealed that the Americans stopped the German advance just in time. A few miles additional gain by Ilindenlitirg at that point and some of the French munition factories would have been within reacli of the German long range guns. I Pershing's presence at Can #tigny shows the victory there bore the trademark "made in Amer ica" —from the commanding offi cer down to the rookie. The general situation now on! the west front is favorable, the senate committee was told. The German attack wait virtually stopped in six days. Fighting dur ing the last week either has been to the advantage to the allies or without advantage to either side, committee members learned. Ordnance production in this country Is greatly improved now. A number of heavy Browning guns are being turned out, it was said. TODAY'S CMCAIU\«R ings | 618,919.50 Balances 49.340.05 Transactions 1,834,434.07 Charles H. Plass nan resigned hid position as president and gen eral manager of the Tacoma Gro cery Co. after having been with the firm for 12 years. TACOMA WASHINGTON, SATURDAY, JUNE 8,1918. INITIATIVE ON MARNE IS ALLIES' £, , Battle Report From | Paris Today. j By Initeil Pres* U-hm-<I Wire. | «g> ii iim.il l'rf«» I riiKi-il wire.) PA HIS. .lime H.—The In itiative on the Mnrile Imttlc fn.nl is in the liiiikls iif llie Hllies. il whs imliciited in over-i'iKht officinl stjiteineuts. All <>|H'ialii>ns resulted in fa vor of Ihe allies. Kremh troops, co-operating with the Americans northwest of Chateau Thierry, continued lo ad vance on the northern portion of that front, the French war office announced today. Two vlolenl (iernnin ittaolU on the southern port ion of the line in (Continued on Page Eight.) AMERICAN HEROISM COMMON «> » Dispatch From Henry i Wood. i Ily I mt.Hl Press Leased Wire, j U, *> WITH THK FRENCH ARMIES ON THK MARXK, June S— The| allied attack in the reuion of Neuillv la I'olerie, in which tlie I American marines ]ila\cd so spectacular a role, was tor the, purpose of reducing a sharp sali-' ent which the (Jermans had diiv eu Into our line south of the ("lig non river. The combined French and American line has been advanced until It now Includes Vlnly, north of the Clignon river; Neuilly la I I'oterie, the heights southeast of IJlaulevesnes (two milen north- , east of V'inly); Tony and Helle:iu. Reports of the lighting receiv- , ed at French head(|uarter« in this j region are replete with feats of , American heroism. , Ono American lieutenant, after leaping from liis lines, killed an entire German machine Run crew and brought back the gun. An Americiin ambulance driver, after attending wounded In the field \intil ttteuvy firing caused him to seek shelter, brot back four wounded men with him. Planes Collide 11 ■•ii.-.1 rr«. I tn«i-.l Wire.) NEW ORLEANS, June 7.—Lts. John A. Hogarty and Travers Lee llollen were killed here today when their airplanes collided and fell. Lieut. Hocarty's home was at Mount Vernou, N. Y.J Ueut. Hol len lived at San Antoiila, Texas. Home Edition Enemy Losses Heavy Dispatch From Lowell Mellett. ISy I nilcil hw L.Msril Wire. WITH Till: AMKKH'AN AItMIIS IN I lt,\.\< X, Inn. H. —4 |>. in.—.\ni«"rinin nia lincs uml udjofnlnK unilH .iL.itn <Ikh<' i<it'Uiir<l north west <if (liat<-au Tiilerry to day. (il'llll.lll ...Illil. I Illl.M ks \\<ir MoHwd liy ""• Aiimti- can MtvMMh Artillery fire, which lias been ISCMunI along UelliMii wood thruoul thi> iiiKlit, in< reased vio lently a!i<)iil 4 a. in. At that moment the right wins of the marines attacked in the ■OUth part of the wood, where the Otnaani h*4 retained a foothold. The IIMMM of this attach haa not bci-a lully reported, alt-bo MlinierOUl prisoners have been sent back. I limiiutfe the l-.m-inx. Indications are that the Ameri cans eliminated the enemy north of I lie sunken road between Torcy and Uellenu (a front of about a in! lei. At 11:81 the enemy attempted to advance. Their inl'antiy was supported by iMlillery and machine gun*, and their iiHack wa.s preceded by a bwi|| of gM shells and clouds of poisonous smoke Tlie marines donned their gajt masks and Mopped them, 400 yards from Urn trenches, with ar tillery and rifle fire. At (.lie Mime time the <;<■«•- ■MM hUju'luhl an adjoining unit, losing a hinulnil uk-ii hikl suffering » i<>nii>lile re- IHlls.v Tlie Am.ti. all lUM was im <tii~. pit nti.il. LtiM than an hour later the (Jermaus attacked the marines who are holdlßg Houresches (two miles southeast of the previous at tack against tlie marines). Tlie najriaes, »ho had been strengthened during the night, re pulsed the enemy with sanguinary losses. Tlio Price We Pay. Earlier in the night the Ameri cans attacked at the right of Torcy, advancing half a kilometer and holding their gain. The Americans found the ground covered with unburled QWMUMi as well as many new Braves marked by German hel mets. Hero the Germans had dug In. but were ousted. There are evidences that tho (Jerinan elements are again receiv- | ing fresh reinforcements, In am lefforl to hold the Americans. <.inil\ moving American iiniimliiiic <■- rolling toward l'aris nliipjf n perfect French liiult»;i> iM'fvvrcn rowH <>f tall trees iml;i\ showed Hie, price Anicridiiis arc willinK t<» pay to stop MM <;>'iimtn ni-li. Some, of course, paid dearer sill. Tlk-.-c who sold their lives for civilisation —at the price of many Hung —could not receive Franco's spontaneous expression of Kratitudp, which took the form of long lines of childircn and wom en heslde the road, silently waving a simile us the ambulan-cen named, and bursting Into cheers whenever a wounded marine raised himself on his ttlbow and waved back. Kranre ItajokxM. It ■ '■■•in' the story of the map riiifs' heroic work, in what history may term "America's socond Lex ington," spread thru the Interven ing country and France, to whom heroism might well be an old story, was quick to pay tribute. Artllery, machine nuns, rifles and bayon«ts figured In the ton days' fighting. Artillery and mar chine guns the first day; machine guns and rifles the second, while the third and fourth found cloM up fighting, due to the flinnM counter attacks.