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The Tacoma times. [volume] (Tacoma, Wash.) 1903-1949, August 27, 1941, Image 6

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88085187/1941-08-27/ed-1/seq-6/

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The Tacoma Times
5 week day Oy The Tacoma Times
'&nmu Tacorsa Wash
hr-m S¥ carrier in city 15 cents per
month Tear " ngwon
80 cents per month 84 per vear
: A 8 steOond class matter at the t
under the act wmwfiusun
wide leased wire vews service through the
g P -
The Tacoma Times will not assr~ee financial responsibility for
Lfimmmhm’umhdu its
In those instances where the paper is at fault, it wil
=~-‘¢~Mh which the typographical
“The power to tax is the power to destroy.”
“Those who are governed least are governed best.”
e ——————————— e ————
Man is born into trouble, as the sparks fly upward.
Job 5:7. o
Awarding of a $1,800,000 contract by the maritime com
mission to a Tacoma firm Saturday again illustrates the
most important part that this maritime city is playing in
the constroiction of vessels of all kinds for the federai gov
ernment. The new contract is for building of six tugs for
use of the navy. The Birchfield Boiler Co., headed by Al
Davies, has successfully completed one job for the naval
establishment and is presently engaged in constructing
another of congiderable importance. ‘
The new contract means thdt the Birchfield interests
will extend their present facilities, add new building ways,
and employ at least 200 more men. Co-operation without
stint has been provided by the port commission in offering
additional land for expansion and by the Chamber of Com
merce whose officials have been in touch with the situation
for many months.
Other contracts by the federal government in recent
flflu have been awarded the Todd interests, the Western
tbuilding Co., the Martinac yards, the John Nelson Tank
& Boiler Co., among others. Total costs run into th. mil
lions. It means continued employment for skilled mechanics
on a scale that will dwarf the boom times of World war No.
1. All in all, it is a happy prospect.
Shipbuilding, in view of the worldwide losses sustained
in the present international conflict, promises to continue at
an ever accelerating rate for a decade to come. It is com
forting to know that Tacoma and environs will share in this
industrial expansion. It may be that the shipbuilding
industry will shortly ecli‘ve the lumbering and auxiliary
factories in this area. ith this prospect in mind. Ta
coma’s industrial future for years to come seems assured.
Washington Leads Once More
Not only is this state playing a leading role in defense
Eoduction. but this week it became one of the first states
the nation to mobilize retail stores for the sale of
Defense Savings Stamps.
In response to a request from Secretary of the Treasury
Morgenthau, Saul Haas, State Defense Savings adminis
trator, announced that Defense Savings Stamps went on
sale at nearly 1,000 chain stores Monday. Spokesman for
independent retailers have promised that stamps will he
placed on sale at all independent stores as soon as possible.
It is a tremendous undertaking to attempt to orghnize
genera]l retail sales of Defense Savings Stamps in the
nation’s 1,770,365 stores. But the state of Washington
is already taking over this responsibility for its 26,682
retail stores.
Action by the Washington Chain Stcres association in
distributing and placing stamps on sale at chain stores
this week, has accomplished at once a feat which has
saved months of effort and organization. Time is the
important element in all of our National Defense program,
so this quick response by our state is doubly important.
Purchase of stamps constitutes & defense loan to the
federal government for its great emergency program, and
at the same time provides a sound investment for all
Army Opportunities
One in every 100 soldiers in the “new army™ will get
an opportunity to receive a commission. The program of
training in Officer Candidate schools is being expanded
from 10,400 to 14,280 men a year.
After six months' training, any soldier in the ranks,
selectee or volunteer, is eligible to try for appointment to
such a school. The appointments go to men who have
demonstrated qualities of leadership in actual service.
That’s as it should be. True democracy, in military as
in civil life, does not consist of “everybody on a dead level”
but “equal chance to all to rise according to ability.” A
universal service army, taking as it does s cross-section of
m&mfiu&. contains an unusual proportion of men
of intelligence and ability. It is reassuring to see
that the army proposes to use them.
Side Glances —By Galbraith
h"c window box, dear—something to putter around in until
0 we can offord @ bock yard.”
[ -
~ He Fixes Things
To receive attention in this eol
umn letters must give name and
Address of writer Only initials
will be published when requested
Mr. Fixit: Could you please
tell me where 1 might apply for
& position at Rainier National
park? 1 would like to work
there next summer. When would
be the best time to apply.
If you apply some time this
winter at the office of the Rain
fer National Park Co. in the
Hotel Winthrop in Tacoma, you
will be informed of the date on
which you can make personal
application in the spring. All
Jobs except those of the rangers
are filled by the park company.
The rangers are under civil
. . .
Mr. Fixit: My husband was
born in Glenwood, Minnesot:,
Aug., 10, 1887, 1 was born in
Rockford, I, Oct. 28, 1889,
Where would I write to get our
birth certificates? MRS, H.
The Minnesota State Board of
Health at St. Paul has birth
records dating back to 1900.
Your husband probably will have
to seek some other proof of his
birth date, if he can't find a
town clerk’s record at Glenwood
or record at its county seat. Rec
ords in Illinois are kept by the
Department of Public Health,
Springfield, but go back only to
1916. You also may have to
seek some other proof,
. - -
Mr. Fixit: What county is
LD and where is it located ?
MRS, D. H. M.
The license plates you see with
those initials represent no parti
cular county. LD means li
cense department. Such plates
Are issued in a variety of cases,
Such As where there is some
question of residence, or car
- Benefic aspects rule today, al
though adverse influences are
active. The morning should
bring encouraging news of ab
sent members of the family.
Heart and Home: Women will
benefit under this configuration
which should be fortunate for
interviews with employers or
persons able to accord favors,
Girla will do well to forget ro
mance and to devote attention
to practical matters, Major
economic changes are to follow
the world war and they will add
to women's scope of work in
business, trades and the learned
professions. This is the time to
study carefully what vocation it
is wise to follow.
Business Affairs: As the sum
mer playtime ends Americans
will face the future with hew
gravity. In the midst of pros
perity future financia! problems
will cause even the least serious
men and women to concentrate
upon the wise use of wages and
income. Thrift, so long preached
by the seers, will be practiced
more generally than in previous
Vears. Many will feel the neces
sity of methodical contributions
for the aid of war victims. Modi
fied tithing will be suggested by
National Issues: Educationsl
discussions will bring about
widespread training for the use
of hands as well as brains. Em
phasis on what is praciteal will
be advocated when the achools
and colleges open. The seers
foretell for 1945 & trend toward
art and culture, for here in the
United States will he gathered
in galleries and libraries much
that was precious to European
nations. General interest in the
finer things® will heal many of
the hurts of barbaric war.
Persons whose birthdate it is
have the augury of a year of
success. There is promise of
benefits through travel and
Children born on this day prob- |
ably will be generous in nature
and strong in mentality. They |
should be artistic, generous and |
——— e e
Can you answer seven of these
test questions? Turn to the |
woman's page for the answers,
1. A stethoscope is used by a
musician, a machinist or a physi
cian? |
2. What kind of objects do
still-life paintings portray?
3. On what mountain did Gut
zon Borglum carve a gigantic
memorial to the Confederacy?
4. It is colder at the South
Pole than at the North Pole;
true or false?
5. Do the arteries or the veins
in human beings carry fresh |
blood outward from the heart to |
the muscies and other parts of |
the body,
6. A columbarium is a nurs
ery for columbine plants, a struc
ture surrounded by columns, or
& repository for urmns containing
the ashes of cremated bodies.
7. The actual weight of a ship
is denoted by its “gross tonnage”
or “displacement tonnage”?
8. Which one of the following ‘
metals is the heaviest known
substance in the world; iridium, |
lead, osmium * |
9. Which large American city
is built principaily on three is
10. The celis of a honey comb
have four, five or six sides? ]
The Tacoma Times
Strange As It Seems
According to Mayor Mason of
Kit Carson, Colo., Adolf Hitler
acquired 8,960 acres of American
soil from heirs in the Reich,
who held a lien on the property
at the time of the American
owner's death. Located only four
miles from the town, the land is
WASHINGTON —Congressional leaders who do not see
eye to eye with President Roosevelt on foreign policy were
quick to discover what was probably the real purpose in
Roosevelt's sending a special message to the Hill on his
meeting at sea with Winston Churchill. Certainl: the
document revealed nothing additional concerning the war
plans of the two men. What it did do was emphasize the
firesident's argument that his alliance with Communist
ussia in no way lessens his belief in the preservation
of religious freedom.
Those groups to whom Joe
Stalin's suppression of Christian
worship is the severest black
mark against him have been
slow to go along with the idea
of all-out aid to the U. S. S. R.
Ever since the war begun, the
Catholic clergy have been insist
ing that our ultimate foe be the
Communists. Many a man in
the street has been lukeware
toward helping the Soviets be
cause of the economic principles
upon which Communism s
based. And they have not for
gotten the mock trials at which
enemies of the Stalinist regime
stood in the witness box and de
livered themselves of amazing
confessions of guilt, thereby
hastening their appearance be
fore a firing squad.
But the strongest opposition
in the U. 8. to a joint effort
with Russia against Germany
still econtinues to come from
those who hate Communism
most as an enemy of religion.
When Roosevelt and Churchill
drew up their famous declara
tion of principles, the mainten
ance of religious freedom was
implied, but not mentioned in
80 many words. The president's
message to congress put it into
cold type and on the record.
Before messengers brought
the document to the Hill to be
read in the House and the Sen
ate, a feeble effort was made
by the White House to give it
a buildup, It was stated that
the president had written a
message in long hand the night
before and that the previously
announced eight points would
be only a part of the message.
A tourist public in the capital
looked for great revelations. The
senate galleries were packed.
But an unofficial count showed
only 39 members on the floor
of the House and 25 scattered
About the senate.
- - -
The tip-off that the president
intended to put something
ACross in newspaper headlines
which he had failed to make as
clear as he had wanted it to be
was that the message was sent
to a House that is in recess
until Sept. 15, and to a senate
Openly resting on its oars. Also
significant is the fact that two
days before the president’'s mes
sage, Associate Justice Frank
who is held in high regard in
Murphy of the supreme court,
the circles of his own church,
made a special plea to the Inter
national Convention of the
Knights of Columbus, at At
lantie City, N. J., to support his
chief in his attitude toward Rus
#ia A% a buffer for the Axis foes.
Murphy is a recognized ad
now being used by local ranch
ers for pasturing cattle,
- . .
In 1529 Alvaro de Saavedra
“discovered” a small island in
the North Pacific, and it was
also noted in 1778 by a British
captain. Three subsequent
An Inside Picture of Finan
cial and Political America
ministration spokesman. Honor
ed by elevation to the hightest
court, he has brought back into
the administration picture as
an active participant in the
program to sell the country the
Roosevelt brand of defense.
The possibility of his return to
the cabinet as attorney general
in order to keep him before the
public has been rumored on sev
eral occasions. With this as a
background, he made his im
passioned statement that Com
munism is bad, but that Hitler
iSm is the real menace, and if
Stalin can slow up Germany
with our utmost help, that will
be fine business.
- - -
No matter what kind of a
shakeup the president makes of
the present defense organiza
tion, you may look for the selec
tion of Donald Nelson to be the
head mechanic He is the two
fisted businessman drafted from
the Sears, Roebuck organization
to head the purchasing division
of the office of production man
agement. Twice he has gone to
the White House with his resig
nation. His protest has been
that defense lacks co-ordination.
Both times he has told to wait,
that a streamlining treatment
is just around the corner.
No one person now has a copy
right on the theory that re
armament and lease-lend are
suffering from a severe attack
of overlapping agencies and per
sonnel. But when Nelson first
talked to the president about
quitting, he was the original
man on the inside of the defense
setup to talk turkey to the chief
executive, His division is ac
cepted as a model of speed and
The one master plan the presi
dent found on his desk when he
returned from his sea confer
ences called for putting the
board on a basis of outstanding
efficlency in the conservation
and distribution ©of strategic
materials for planes, tanks,
guns, boats and other equip
ment. These have been the
toughest problems OPM, war,
navy and the lease-lend admin
istration have had. The pro
posed board would include the
heads of these groups plus
Vice President Wallace and
Price Boss Leon Henderson,
But boards and commissions
have proven weaknesses. They
stand or fall largely on the per
formance of their executive di
rector or directors. And co
ordinating such special abilities
is where Nelson is expected to
show the touch of genius that
has lifted him from a chemist's
chair to the peak place he now
2 Subha Hix
8- lo Ea R N
searches failed to locate the is
land, and in 1933 the U. 8. navy
took soundings on the spot, dis
covered an undersea mountain
whose top was 6,720 feet below
the surface! It is definitely
known that Los Jardines does
not “exist” at the present time.
TOMORROW: Two-Day Fight!
Editor, The Times: Regard
less of what may be the indi
vidual's personal opinion as to
the meritz or demerits of Soviet
ism or Hitlerism, the citizens of
this country have been advised
by the president, congress, the
radio and press of the nation
that both isms were inimicable
to the best interests of this
country and the western hemi
sphere. That the Communists
in this country were to be routed
out, persecuted, and, if possible,
deported to Russia, that the U.
8. should come “all out” in order
to put an end to “Hitlerism.”
Both isms have been publicly
branded by the governments of
Great Britain and the U. S. as
being the ‘work of the devil.”
Today the U. 8. and also
Great Britain have jined hands
in the hope that the usual Brit
ish practice of having other
people defeat the enemies of
Britain, might be again repeat
ed. If we will recall the hlstm'y
of the Am *rican colonies, we will
remember that our forebears
were required to fight the
American Indiang, who were in
the pay and supplied with arms
by Great Britain. So many
times nas this practice been |
made use of that seldom has it
been that British soldiers have |
fought their own wars, but that |
others have helped them in tak- |
ing the lead in pulling their |
“chestnuts out of the fire,” only |
te later face the fact that prom
ises made and English apprecia- |
tion had little if any real value. |
The records of both Great
Britain and the U. S. fully con- ]
firm the fact that Britain has |
not forgotten her old tricks, and |
that the (/. S. is learning to use ;
them to zjood advantage (seem- |
ingly). In plain English, the |
present line-up of nations on theé |
part of the Allies is an “Unholy
Alliance,” and, as in the past is
destined to ultimate failure and
continuance of wars,
Assume that Hitler is victori- |
ous over Russia. The U. S. is
pledged to defeat “Hitlerism' -
meaning more wars, and pos
sibly with Russia against us, !
Assume that Russia 18 vie- |
torious over Germany-- probable |
result wouid be that Communism |
would embrace all of Europe and |
Asia and ‘t is well known that |
the Tories of England helped to |
finance and arm Hitler, under i
the promise that he would at- |
tack the U. S. S. R. and defeat |
Communism. Probable result— |
England and the U. S. having |
pledged (hemselves to destroy |
Hitlerism and more bitterly op- |
posed to Communism, the Tories !
of England and the western
hemisphere would never endure |
seeing all of Europe under Com- l
munistic rale. }
Truly the U. 8. and Great |
Britain have grabbed noid of the |
“bear’'s tail” If they let loose, |
Hitler will “get them.” If they !
hang on, and the Russian Bear
outruns “is enemy, both nations
will wish to be up a tree for the ’
people of the U. 8. 8. R. have
not been deceived as to the hat- |
reds and antagonisms of the two |
Bowditch is a magical
name in the seafaring pro
fession, and the ponderous
book of mathematical calcu
lations bearing his name is
fondly known otherwise as
“the sailor's Bible.” But
‘l the volume (and the man
. too, for that matter) isn't
nearly as prosaic or dull as
might seem it could so
easily be,
The topic is brought to mind
at the moment because the U. 8.
navy has just taken cognizance
of some enterprising merchant
marine mate who has invented a
system of using Bowditch “to
determine the approximate in
trease in draft of a ship due to
Nt Quite compucated
and very technical, but men
tionble in connection with the
extreme versatility of the book's |
super-arthmetic tables, |
And we once knew a highly
dignified and much respected |
lawyer who had always enter
tained a particular fondness for
the sea and things thereof. Suc
cessful in his profession, he
specialized in real estate -deeds, |
boundaries, titles and like dis
putable mattert. And he had |
developed a method of using a |
sextant and a Bowditch for |
establishing facts pertaining to |
his cases; could make them |
stand up ‘n court, too, |
For a technical tome intended |
to be used only by navigators, |
Mr. Bowditch's contribution is
surprisingly adaptahle. We
doubt that any single person
knows of all its merits,
- - -
Nathaniel Bowditch was born |
in Salem, Mass., in 1773. His
father was a cooper (barrel
maker to us) and at the age of
10 years Nathaniel quit school
to work for his father.
The youngster was something {
of a child prodigy and at a very |
early age showed a marked in- l
clination and talent for mathe- |
matics; by the time he was old |
enough, he had acquired a
mathematical education com- '
parable to that obtained in a |
university so he didn't attend
such an institution.
After a few years in the bar- ’
= e iik
western nations, ,
The ultimate seems to he in
evitable. With central Europe
under the domination of either
isms, and the masses of the
three continents thus dominated
~—Uncle Sam will probably have
his hands full, and for the simple
reason that he has not as yet
learned to “mina his own busi
ress,” and turn his attention to
an all-out for home, economic
betterment, rather than in med
dling with the affairs of Europe
and making unkept promises
with “fingers crossed,” hoping
that ultimately capitalism might
become the dominating eco
nomics of the world.
Answer to Previous Puzzle
1, 5 Great
actress. |
9 Table imple- ]
10 Goodby.
12 Child.
13 Oath.
15 Father. .
17 Greek letter.
18 Suffix.
19 Concerning.
21 Elevated
22 Rodents,
24 College
degree (abbr.)
25 Pertaining
to the Alps.
28 Call for help.
29 Tips.
30 Jumbled type.
31 Test.
32 Pronoun.
33 Assessed.
35 Hobo (slang).
36 Metric
39 Tumor.
40 Case
43 Levers.
45 Theme.
46 Upon.
47 Prevaricator,
te— ———————
) 49 English money
50 Plural suffix.
51 Toward.
52 Animal.
- 54 Note of scale.
55 Born.
58 Tree.
59 Farm animal.
61 Barter.
63 Brown
€5 Main point.
66 Step.
1 Likely.
2 Negative,
! rel business, Nathaniel was ap
prenticed to a ship chandler,
where he stayed until he was
old enough to go to sea. He
studied constantly, bcfore and
after working hours and dur
ing frec moments between
times; he specialized in mathe
mAatics, but he alsn mastered
algebra and Latin unamded He
learned French, and later ac
| quired Spanish, Italian ano Ger
| man. He read everything he
could lay hands upon, and he
taught himself navigation.
When he was just oid enough
to vote he made his first voyage
to sea as a ship's clerk, or what
we know now as purser. His
next trip was as supercargo.
And when he voyvaged away on
what was only his fifth trip to
sea, he was aboard a lofty big
merchant ship as captain—a re
. markable man!
Shortly afterward Bowditch
enjoyed the distinction of being
| able to refuse honors trom no
less than three of the nation's
greatest universities: An invita
tion to become protessor of
| mathematlcs at Harvard, the
| University of Virginia and the
| United States Naval academy at
| Annapolis.
| Bowditch was still a young
| 'man (he died at Boston in
| 1838) when he retired from his
| spectaculaily active sgeataring
| career to devote himself to more
| academic matters and became
| equally famous among the schol
| ars of the era.
' Meanwnile, it was in 1802
(when he was only 29 years old)
[ that he published his now
| famous ook of navigators'
I mathematical tabulations, which
is formally and awkwardly
known as “The American Prac
tical Navigator” and more fa
miliarly called simply a Bow
| ditch.
| Bowditch is even yet the high
| est authority on navigation and
| is unquestionably of the great
- est value to mariners of any
| single navigational book there is.
' Our navy adopted the volume
| as official almost immediately
! after it was first published; no
skipper or mate of the merchant
l marine would ever give g 0 much
| as a passing thought to naviga
| tion without automatically Ine
| cluding Bowditch,
| S S
1f you ask me about the Canal
defense, they're 0 k
© --Ma) Gen. Sanderford Jar
man, just returned from come
mand there,
> 4 5
Az an American you must lay
aside petty politics and indi
vidual beliefs and willingly sac
rifice yourselves for the good of
our nation, whatever its final ac
tion may be.
—Rear Admiral Richard E.
You help yourself when you buy
U. 8. Defense Bonds!
Bt e
y 3 Beginner.
4 Positive pole.
5 Exclamation,
6 Man’s nicke
. 7 Chinese- |
8 Prefix.
. 9 Thus. |
11 Above. 4
12 Silk material. .
14 Pronoun.
16 Shaded nook.
17 Repast.
20 Gentles
22 Ore. f
23 Insurance
(abbr.). {
26 Discharged
a debt,
27 Cross
28 Portico (pl.).
30 Animal's foot,
34 Printer's
35 Reared.
36 Stain,
37 Part of frame
38 Yale.
40 Midwestern
city (abbr,),
41 Rows,
42 Suffix.
44 Courses at
45 One who
48 Set again.
49 Search.
53 Member of
56 And.
57 Unit of work,
59 Island in
inland water,
60 South
62 Three-toed
64 Large river,

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