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The islander. [volume] (Friday Harbor, Wash.) 1891-1899, September 06, 1894, Image 1

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VOL. 4. NO. 29.
if II IN HIE SOUDAN
T he French Are Badly Bea.eii
at Timbuctoo.
SUMMARY OF THEIR MOVEMENTS
„ts of Other Battles and the Oc-
ACO,r i !l«i«.. «>f i imbuctoo by the French
( up-iii""
Tr<)O ,,s Detachment Makes a Sortie
m. in Hie Town and is Cut to Pieces.
„,,, .\agnst 30.—According to a re
tort received at St. Louis the French
Lrrisan at Timbuctoo after three days'
Lpemte fitting with theTauregs and
tlll . r hostile tribes, which had been be
,in" ie2 that city, made a sortie. The
beleaguering forces in overwhelming
numbers fell upon the sortie party, fairly
annihilating it. This news has created
consternation in army circles, as it is the
eecJndserious resistance the Fr. have
met with in the vicinity of Timbuctoo
eiiue that important Soudanese town
was occupied by them early in the pres
ent year. A summary of the move
ments of the French in the Soudan and
the occupation of Timbuctoo is as fol
\ French column commanded by Colo
n.l Bannier arrived at Timbuctoo Janu
ary 1 'and two days later a detachment
of troops with Colonel Bannier at their
]„..„! accompanied by Colonel Hugier
an( the entire staff, started out on a re
[Smioitering expedition, leaving Captain
rhilipe as nior Captain in charge of
the post at Timbuctoo. This French de
tachment in Home manner never fully
explained to the public was surprised in
sleep in camp at Dougoi, two hours' ;
Fnarcli north of < roardam and three days'
iiiarch from Timbuctoo. The Arabs,
chiefly Tauregs mounted and on foot,
armed with lances and knives, entered
1,,. French camp by several sides during
darkest hours of early morning, and
overturned the stacked arms in front of
the sharpshooters, who, being surround
ed, were unable to seize their rifles to de
fend themselves successfully. The Arabs
massacred nearly the entire detachment,
consisting of the Fifth and Eleventh
Companies of Soudanese sharpshooters.
A French officer! Captain Negotte, though
seriously Bounded in the head, succeeded
in escaping to a platoon of soldiers left
some distance behind the main camp to
guard captured Hocks. This platoon was
under the command of Lieutenant Sarda.
It retreated to Timbuctoo, bringing with
it a few wounded who had escaped the
massacre at Doug'oi. The Tauregs pur
sued the retreating soldiers, and practi
cally invaded Timbuctoo, which Captain
Philippe made haste to defend pending
the arrival of reinforcements.
It was stated that at Dougoi the French
lost nine officers, two European Ser
jeants, an interpeter and one Sergeant,
six Corporals and sixty-one native
sharpshooters. For the defense of Tim
buctoo Captain Philippe had 100 rifles
and six cannons, but this was a very
small force with which to hold a town of
12,000 people, situated amid hot, mov
ing sands on the verge of a morass and
having a water inclosure about three
miles in circumference. But a column
commanded by Colonel Joffer was on its
way to reinforce the French at Timbuc
too, and having sent messengers to the
Colonel and communicated with the
commander of the French flotilla on the
Niger river, the Captain made the best
disposal possible of his small force, and
with the co-operation of the populace
succeeded in hi lding out until the Joffer
column arrived. This column was com
posed of a company and a half of sharp
shooters, a squadron of Spahis, a splendid
African cavalry, 930 auxiliary Spahis
and two guns. It also included the
horse?, mules, drivers, etc., of the first
column. It followed the land route by
Sanding, Monipe, Xamapli, Ere, Soumpe
and Gourdainj and met with a serious
opposition during its advance. January
20 a company of sharpshooters marched
onMafunke, supported by cavalry and
artillery. They were confronted by two
kilometers of a swamp, which sur
rounded the village, in front of which
were 400 warriors drawn up in battle
array. The warriors charged the French
wrce. The latter in less than fifteen
minutes killed over 100 of the Africans.
me others took flight, and the village
was captured without any loss on the
part of the Joffer column. Several such
engagements took place, cannon and
cavalry being repeatedly called into use.
February 20 the advance guard of the
Joner column reached Timbuctoo, and
[ne column itself soon afterward. It is
? all probability part of the forces of
Captain Philippe and Colonel Joffer
«nich according to the advices from
•^e<;a[ has been cut to pieces by the
f1- % is believed that the garrison
°» ! iniluictoo has since the Joffer column
arrived there been again reinforced.
SO CONFIRMATION OF THE REPORT.
P^kin August 30.— Journal dcs
!*i>ats has received a dispatch similar
10 Uie one made public to-day. This
°«Patch announced that after three
Jjya fighting the detachment of the
j.- rnson of Timbuctoo made a sortie.
uu. detachment was composed of two
.^H'Panies. Both reports agree in stat
thp \t- c detachment taking part in
nJ, le was cut to pieces. Inquiries
jnaae on the subject at the Ministry of
of^"uooiea show that no confirmation
to ' c report has been received there up
io tms evening, and the official in charge
trff • the opinion that there is no
JJJU M claiming that, if fighting had
ouurred, news would have reached the
Place 5' from Xa >'cs> through which
Rrr T3must pass. The original
a n?f, M! from Senegal was received from
Pate to .source. The latest official dis-
E? / Rom Timbuctoo declare the
cope vritl,£*% there were adequate to
had wi 1 he raure?8' wh °.ifc was added,
WerV?? towed by recent defeats and
fe indisposed to resume hostilities.
African Steamship tine. ,\
e"*hia, August 31.— first
ect , steamship line between America
ri,. »* west coast of Africa has been
lint'f in the State of New Jersey. It
Comr,L know? 1 as the African Steamship
suffix A^ ut half of its stock is
It 'iwtn' ?. nd tne boats will ply month
»»? St n\ Ci ty and Liberia ' in"
whk.h wn? October l The comply,
Liberiani receive a subsidy from the
inS Jf Vernment of * 10.000 a year,
»nds to carry the United States iail^
IF n^^HT »y ""^^SS^v^r /■! J*^s^H #\^^B
THIS TARIFF ABROAD.
What Foreign Newspapers and Corre
spondents Say of It.
London, August 31.— Morning
Post says of the new United States tar
iff: " There is a fair prospect that the
tariff will benefit the American and
English people. Still it is rash to build
up hopes of an immediate revival of in
ternational commerce. The real check
to our business with the States has been
the confusion of American currency and
the unsettled condition of public affairs.
The circumstances under which the new
act was passed do not promise perma
nent improvement."
The Daily News says: " The tariff is
at least a compromise and stop gap, giv
ing some expression to the national con
demnation of extreme protection as pro
nounced at the last Presidential election.
Business must benefit by ending the un
certainty, which has long affected com
merce in and with the United States."
THE CUBAN bUGAE INDUSTRY.
London, August 31. — The Central
News agency correspondent in Madrid
Bays: "In consequence of the new
American tariff the government customs
officials in Cuba will apply the maximum
to all imports from the United States.
The officials expect serious injury to the
Cuban sugar industry, as well as to the
Cuban Treasury, from the higher tariff
on American imports."
MUCH UMBRAGE TO GERMANY.
London, August 31. —The Standard's
Berlin correspondent says: "The
I United States tariff has given much ur
n; brage to Germany. Baron Marschall,
i Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs,
will enter into negotiation with Mr.
' Runyon on points most affecting Ger
j man commerce. According to opinion
' here the effect of the sugar duty will be
> rather to induce bounty-giving in the
1 countries that raise sugar than to abolish
| bounties."
I TALKS WITH ENGLISH WOOL BROKERS.
I London, August 31. — representative
of the house of Windeler & Co., the
largest wool brokers engaged in Ameri
can trade in London, in an interview
I to-day expressed the opinion that the
I American tariff bill would undoubtedly
benefit the English market, which is
now feverish an uncertain. Stocks are
held firm here, and dealers in the United
States are demanding lower prices. The
large stock of wools in the United States
and elsewhere, he believes, makes a
permanent rise doubtful. There is little
business now, and the next public sale
will not take place until September 18.
The American dealers insist upon cheaper
raw material in consequence of their re
duced profit. The wool-broking firm of
Jacob & Co. concur in the views of
Windeler & Co., adding that a recent
sale of 2,000 bales has been made to
American buyers. Yorkshire houses are
jubilant over the passage of the tariff
bill into a law. and are confident of in
creased business in the future.
WHAT CANADIANS THINK OF IT.
Toronto, August 31.—The new tariff
law as passed by the United States Con
gress causes considerable discussion here
among business men, and it is generally
believed it will have an important bear
ing on Canadian interests. The most
important feature of the measure, so far
as Canada is concerned, is the placing of
sawed and dressed lumber and all kin
dred materials on the free list. It is
thought among lumbermen that the ab
j olition of duty will mean in the course
[ of the next few years an export trade
; upward of $20,000,000 with the United
; States. Free wool will also result in a
j considerable expansion of trade. ' Bar-
I ley, in which Ontario enjoyed a large
trade before • the McKinley bill became
operative, will, it is thought, hardly re
; vive under a duty of 30 per cent. The
! same may be said of the egg and horse
! trade, in which Ontario did a very prof
! itable business. Flax-growing, salt
making and bean-growing will probably
become profitable industries in West
> Ontario. On the whole the new bill is
I welcomed by business men generally as
! a harbinger of increased trade between
] the two countries.
THE OREGON SHORT LINE.
Same Receivers Appointed Who Are
Managing the Union Pacific.
Omaha, August 29.—A special from
- Cheyenne says : A suit in equity for the
foreclosure of a mortgage on the Oregon
: Short Line was filed in the United States
Court for the district of Wyoming to
-1 day. The. action was brought in the
name of John F. Billion, trustee, and the
defendants are the Oregon Short Line,
Utah, Northern, Union Pacific, Ameri
can Loan and Trust Company and the
receivers of the Union Pacific. The
amount of the mortgage is $14,931,000,
which was given petitioner as trustee to
secure the payment of bonds. The at
-1 torneys for Dillion, who were in court
I to-day, are Wilson Speyer of New York
1 and Potter & Burke of Cheyenne. John
M Thureton of Omaha appeared for the
receivers, while W. K. Kelly of Omaha
and Judge Lacey of Cheyenne appeared
for the company. * The whole matter
was amicably disposed of in a short time.
Judge Riner appointed for the Short
Line the same receivers who are man
aging the Union Pacific. Supplementary
proceedings will be brought in Idaho
and Utah in order to ! secure like orders
from the courts there. This practically
unites the Union Pacific system again.
i — —
i Advised to Hold Their Wheat.
| Goldendale, Wash., August 31.—M.
A. Showers, the horseman recently lo
cated in Goldendale, has just received a
" letter from L. L. Harris, a grain buyer
of Lincoln, Neb., who owns a line of
elevators on ; the Burlington road from
Chicago to Denver. Mr. Harris says
there has recently been a heavy pur
-1 chase of wheat iby Germans, owing to
| the poor crop outlook in Europe. Fur
ther, that there was a much greater
shortage of the crop in Europe than was ;
1 anticipated. - Mr. Harris said he _be-
-1 lieved, if' the - farmers could hold their
i wheat until next j June, that they would
; receive three times the present prices of
fered Mr. Showers has great confidence
! in Mr. Harris, as he believes he is from
, '•■- long t years %of & successful ; experience
: I strictly on the inside of the world's mar
-1 kets Mr. Showers is :of ; the opinion
i most of the Klickitat farmers will have
, ! to sell, owing to pressure of obligations;
but should they manage to hold a part,
I I he believes they will be well rewarded.
FRIDAY HARBOR, SAN JUAN CO., WASH., THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 1894.
THE INTERSTATE FAIR
Immense Street Parade on
the Opening Day.
GRAND PYROTECHNIC DISPLAY.
Extent*!vc Displays of All the Products
and Manufactures of the Pacific
Northwest—The Cream of the Foreign
Exhibits Are Also to be Seen.
Tacoma, Wash., August 29. — The
Northwest Interstate Fair was formally
opened to-day. Speeches were made by
the Governors of the States, the Terri
tory and the Province the fair is repre
senting. There was an immense street
parade in the middle of the day, and in
the evening there was a pyrotechnic dis
play at the fair grounds. Altogether
Tacoma presented a carnival appear
ance. Blue, yellow and white, the fair
colors, were everywhere. There were
blue, yellow and white sunshades, blue
yellow and white buttons and blue, yel
low and white ribbons, gonfalons and
flags in endless profusion.
While the people of Tacoma are re
sponsible for the inception of the Inter
state Fair project and for successfully
carrying it out, they regard it as the
joint enterprise of the commonwealths
that have joined together to make it a
success, namely, Washington, Oregon,
Idaho, Montana, British Columbia and
Alaska. All these have contributed to
further the enterprise, and the fair is
representative of them. There are
gathered together in the buildings of
agriculture and horticulture, fisheries,
mining, forestry and manufactures and
liberal arts, extensive displays of all
the products and manufactures of the
Northwest. In a manner never before
attempted are shown the resources of
this section of the country. But a
glimpse of what these States have to
show was seen in their buildings at the
World's Fair. Here are seen the more
complete exhibits.
In addition to these displays the fair
management has secured the cream of
the foreign exhibits that were brought
to this country to be exhibited at the
Columbian Exposition. There are six
teen extensive foreign sections in the
building of manufactures and liberal
arts.
Amusement features are numerous,
including many of the best of the Mid
way features at Chicago, such as the
Turkish village; but in addition there
are several thoroughly characteristic
Western features, such" as Indian vil
lages, where the aborigines are shown at
work and play, and typical lumber and
mining camps.
A beautiful natural park occupies one
corner of the large ground. It comprises
forty-five acres of the wildest and most
picturesque of Washington forest scen
ery. Roaming at large in it are tame
elk and deer. On a small lake in the
grounds are Indians in their dug-out
canoes.
The situatien of the grounds hat
prompted the admiration of all who
have visited them. Sloping away to the
Sound, a magnificent view is commanded
of the water, of the fir-clad hills and of
two mountain ranges—the Cascade and
Olympics. Rising far above the jagged,
snow-capped peaks of the former range
is Mount Tacoma, 14,444 feet high, over
shadowing the very grounds.
The fair buildings, interspersed with
those of the many concessionaires, are
clustered around the grand court, in the
center of which is a' small lake.
Building the fair and putting the en
terprise on its feet was an undertaking
involving no small amount of determi
nation and hard work. The difficulty of
securing money was the first obstacle
encountered. To start the ball rolling
Governor McGraw, the Mayor of the
city, professional men, laborers and me
chanics turned out one March day, took
off their coats and started clearing the
grounds with their own hands. Their
actual labor accomplished much, while
the force of their example had a good
effect in securing money to go ahead.
Floods and strikes set matters back
somewhat, but indomitable Western
enterprise and determination eventually
triumphed, and there is now opened to
the world an exposition greater by far
than any previously attempted west of
the Mississippi, excepting only the Mid
winter Fair. The cost of the buildings
approximates $300,000; the liberal arts
building alone cost $135,000. The ex
pectation is that 500,000 people will visit
this exposition before the gates close on
November 1.
The fair management is as follows:
Henry Bucey, Director General; J. An
thony Gorman, Assistant General Di
rector; Executive Committee, G. L.
Holmes, George P. Eaton, C. H. Dow,
George Stone, A. Gross, A. J. Hayward,
G. R. Osgood and F. K. Lane.
CUSTOMS INSTRUCTIONS.
Arrival at the Exterior Port and Not the
Interior Port to Govern.
Washington, August 29. —Secretary
Carlisle has received a number of tele
grams of inquiry from customs officers
as to the details to be observed in carry
ing the new tariff into effect. The re
plies were of no special interest with the
exception of one, which states on the
authority of the decision of the United
States Supreme Court that imported
goods destined for any interior point
will be considered as having been im
ported when they arrive at the custom
house at the seaboard, or, technically
speaking, the arrival at the exterior port
and not the interior port will govern in
determining the time of arrival. In an
swer to a telegram from the Boston cus
toms authorities Secretary Carlislisle has
replied, holding that no goods which ar
rived in port before midnight on August
27 are entitled to entry under the new
tariff act. This applied to goods under
government order for which no entry
has been made and to goods in port en
tered and also to goods entered for which
permits have not been presented.
Identified as Melbourne.
Denver, August 29.—The man who
committed suicide last Friday at the
Hope Hotel proves to be Frank Mel
bourne, the rainmaker, well known in"
the West and particularly in Wyoming,
where he lived.
<i(MKi:.V()K WAITK ARRESTED.
Charged With Opening and Reading
Another Person's Letter.
Denveb, August 29.—A warrant was
issued to-day for the arrest of Governor
Waite on the serious charge of opening
and reading a letter addressed to Mrs.
Likens, formerly matron at the police
headquarters. The warrant was issued
by United States Commissioner H ins
dale, who also issued warrants for the
arrest of President Denis Mullins of the
Police Board, Chief of Police Hamilton
Armstrong and Kate Dwyer, matron at
police headquarters.
The charge is opening mail and also
conspiracy under statutes Nos. 3,892 and
5,440, the penalty for which is a fine of.
not over $10,000 or two years' imprison
ment, or both. The complaint was made
by Mrs. Likens, and was investigated by
Postoffice Inspector McMechen. Mr.
McMechen laid the matter before United
States District Attorney Johnson, who
this afternoon drew up a formal com
plaint against the four persons men
tioned. This was presented to Commis
sioner Hinsdale, and he issued the war
rants, which were placed in the hands
of Marshal Israel's assistant. Shortly
afterward the warrants were served, and
all the parties named were arrested and
taken before Commissioner Hinsdale.
Governor Waite created quite a scene in
the Commissioner's rooms. He was
highly indignant, and when Deputy
United States District Attorney Rhodes
stepped toward him with extended
hand, the Governor met him with a cold
stare. Governor 'Waite pleaded "not
guilty," claiming he had not opened the
letter, but the contents had been read to
him. The hearing of the case was set
for to-morrow, and when it was sug
gested that bail be fixed at $5,000, the
prisoner sprang from his chair, paced
the floor and exclaimed:
" I will not give bail. lam Governor
of this State, and the proceedings are
had to interfere with me in the admin
istration of my office. I will not give
bail. You may send me to jail, but I
will not give bail."
Finally the Commissioners accepted
the Governor's personal recognizance to
appear for trial in the sum of $100.
THE QUEEN FLOATED.
The Damaged Steamer Lifted From the
Rocks Near Cormorant Island.
Port Townsend, Wash., August 29. —
The "teamer City of Topeka arrived
from Alaska to-day with late news con
cerning the stranded steamer Queen.
Sunday evening at high tide, after the
Queen had been relieved of the freight
in the forward hold, the anchors and
chains taken ashore and several hundred
tons of coal discharged overr-oard, she
floated off and was beached at Alert Bay,
ten miles distant. A bowlder had pene
trated her forward compartment, knock
ing off a plate and admitting a large vol
ume of water, but the damage couid not
be ascertained until the tide had fallen,
which would have been yesterday six
hours after the Topeka left. Captain
Carroll told the passengers he was un
able to ascertain the extent of the injury,
and that he might possibiy patch up the
aperture and return to the Victoria dry
dock for repairs. Two of the excursion
ists decided to return and come down
on the Topeka, and the others stopped
by the vessel and will continue north
on the next trip of the Topeka. The
officers of the Topeka think the Queen
more seriously damaged than at first re
ported, and that it will require much
labor and expense to put her in first
class condition.
A. Lordeaux of Duluth, one of the
Queen's passengers who came down to
day, said that the shock of the vessel go
ing on the rocks was scarcely felt, and
that few realized that the ship was
aground until next morning. The beach
all along Cormorant Island is sand ex
cept where the accident occurred, and
that for fifty or sixty feet is strewn with
sharp jagged rocks. The passengers are
encamped ashore, enjoying the novelty
of the excursion.
WANTS A DIVORCE.
Mrs. W. K. Tanderbilt Considering the
Advisability of Instituting; Suit.
New Yoek, August 29. —A Paris dis
patch says: Mrs. W. K. Vanderbilt has
under consideration the advisability of
instituting proceedings for a divorce.
The difficulties, it is said, nearly reached
a climax some months ago, when tin
party on the yacht Valiant in the Medi
terranean separated. About ten week:^
ago Cornelius Vanderbilt w[ent to Lon
don to stop further proceedings, but wa.
unsuoeesstul. Mrs. Vanderbilt is repre
sented by Colonel William Jay of Nev
York, who is now in Germany. A prop
osition is said to have been made b\
Mrs. Vanderbilt for a separation on th<
basis of an annual allowance of $300,
000, the custody of her children and tht
possession of three houses at Newport
Islip and New York. It is said that Mi
Vanderbilt offered no objection, bu
would only consent to terms less libera
than those asked by Mrs. Vanderbilt
She has refused his proposition, and fur
ther discussion is postponed until th<
arrival of Colonel Jay in Paris. Mr
Vanderbilt yesterday declined to dis
cuss the matter further than to say that
he had instituted proceedings in divorce.
Coiner of the Mint.
San Fkancisco, August 29. —A. T.
Spotts, who was recently appointed
coiner of the mint of this city, will as
sume his new duties next Saturday.
Judge Charles M. Gorhman, the retiring
coiner, will close the business of his de
partment Friday afternoon. Jndge
Gorhman was appointed by President
Arthur, and has held the office continu
ously for twelve years. During his ad
ministration of the coinage department
of the San Francisco mint he ha* coined
$273,500,000 in gold and $39,600,000 in
silver, a total of $313,000,000. The me
chanical wastage since he took charge
has been only \% pe* cent of the allow
ance permitted by law. Judge Gorhman
has held office in the mint longer than
any of his predecessors.
Over a Lotc Affair.
San Jose, Cal., August 29. —Miss Ada
Nichols, the sixteen-year-old daughter
of Theodore Nichols, committed suicide
this morning at her mountain home, six
miles above Los Gates, by taking strych
nine. No motive is known, but probably
it was despondency over a love affair.
THE TREATY RATIFIED
England Recognizes Japan as
a Fully Civilized Power.
AN OBJECT DEAR TO HEE PEOPLE
By the Terms of the Treaty the Claim of
Great Britain to Extra Territorial
Jurisdiction Is Abandoned—The Im
portance of Great Britain's Action.
Washington, August 28.—Japan has
at last succeeded in an object very dear
to her people and for which the govern
ment has striven with all the arts of
diplomacy for many years. News has
been received here by the diplomatic
corps that a new treaty has just been
negotiated between Japan and Great
Britain, by the terms of which the claim
of extra territorial jurisdiction by the
latter is abandoned. Negotiations look
ing to the ratification of a similar treaty
are going on between Japan and the
United States and European nations
other than Great Britain, and it is said
that they will speedily follow the ex
ample set by the latter and fully recog
nize the right of Japan to exercise juris
diction in her own territory. The im- 1
portance of Great Britain's action, which
by the way rather tends to discredit the
stories that she is hostile to Japan in
her present war, lies in the fact that it
is actually the recognition of Japan as a
fully civilized power. The exercise of
extra territorial jurisdiction has always
been confined to barbarous and semi
civilized countries, whose ignorance of
the first principles of justice and law
seemed to render imperative the reten
tion by the civilized nations of the world
of the right to administer justice where
their own citizens were concerned, even
as against natives of the semi-civilized
country and within its borders. This
has been done through the medium of
Consular Courts, and the system obtains
in Egypt, China, Japan, Turkey and
many other countries. Ever since the
wave of civilization rolled over Japan
her sensitive and proud people have re
sented the continuance of the extra ter
ritorial system not solely because of ita
workings, but also because it was a
standing declaration that Japan was not
civilized and was a reflection upon the
Japanese judiciary. Therefore the action
of Great Britain in surrendering thia.
claim in the new treaty is of great im
portance to Japan as marking a distinct
epoch in her advancement to the front
rank of nations.
GENERAL DIMOND'S REPORT.
Operations of the National Guard During
the Strike Reviewed.
San Francisco, August 28.—The re
port of Major-General Dimond to Gov
ernor Markham on the operations oi
the National Guard at Sacramento dur
ing the strike has been made public by
the Governor. It is a document oi
length, and the major portion of it ia
devoted to a review of the events at Sac
ramento July 4. He quotes a number
of telegrams that passed between him
and the State authorities and the Na
tional Guard officers, in particular the
one received from the Governor author
izing him to proceed to Sacramento with
troops and directing him to use his
" best judgment as to number, equip
ment and mode of transportation."
General Dimond, in view of the fact that
the troops suffered much from hunger
on the first day of their arrival at the
capital, lays great stress on the fact that
in issuing orders toMhe commanders he
repeatedly directed that two days' ra
tions be taken along, which orders, he
says, " for some reason not yet known
were not complied with." He also
quotes telegrams to show that he had
made inquiries as to the loyalty of the
troops and had been assured that they
would do their duty at all hazards.
The depot campaign is set forth at
length, but the facts do not differ mate
rially from those published at the time.
It appears that the General had agreed
to take the troops direct to the depot,
but through orders, the responsibility of
which he has not yet been able to place,
he was taken to Twenty-first street, and
found it necessary to disembark his
troops there. This he refers to as "a
serious and fatal mistake." The respon
sibility of the movement of General
Sheehan's troops from the head of the
column is placed on Marshal Baldwin.
General Dimond states that General
Sheehan saw the necessity of occupying
the end of the det>ot, which was clear of
strikers, and sent a request to General
Dickinson to that effect. General Dick
inson refused, saying he preferred to re
ceive such orders from General Dimond.
When General Dimond finally sent the
order General Dickinson had been over
come by the heat. The removal of the
companies from the head of the column
to guard the bridges was opposed by the
officers as demoralising to the soldiers
and encouraging to the strikers, but
Marshal Baldwin, who had assumed
command of the troops, insisted on his
orders being carried out.
PALACE CAR BUILDERS.
Ex-Era ploy eg of Pullman and Capitalists
Organize a New Company.
Hiawatha, Kan., August 28.—A com
pany of ex-employes of Pullman, backed
by capitalists, has been organized to
build car and manufacture shops here.
Brown county citizens have taken $50,
--000 in stock and Chicago capitalists
$200,000. Louis Myers, President, and
G. O. Allen, Secretary, will be in Hia
watha to-day to select the site, C. O.
Allen is the inventor of a new palace
sleeping car, for which Pullman offered
him $50,000 and a New York company
$80,000 and a royalty. The company
will be managed on the co-operative
plan, each workman to receive a share
of the profits, though the capitalists are
guaranteed 6 per cent on their invest
ment before the laborer comes in for his
share. The company has control of five
patents, and is to manufacture all kinds
of railway equipment. Louis Myers,
President of the company, ia the archi
tect of the initial Pullman cars, and has
been in the employ of that company
since its organization. Eight hundred
ex-employes of Pullman will come here
and begin the building for the works as
■oon aa preliminary arrangements are
HUNTINGTON'9 LKTTXR.
Policy of the Southern Pacific Company
Toward the Striker*.
San Fbancisco, August 28.—A fort
night ago a local newspaper printed an
interview with J. A. Fillmore, General
Superintendent of the Southern Pacific,
in which he was quoted as follows:
" If I know that a man was not true
to this company, and if I find that he
has a job anywhere, I will pursue him
and use my best efforts to have him dis
charged."
The men referred to, of course, were
American Railway Union men who took
prominent parts in the strike on the
Southern Pacific. The interview pro
voked a storm of criticism, which was
mainly directed at the Southern Pacific,
for there were many who charged that
Fillmore had spoken with authority. C.
P. Huntington, President of the com
pany, has written a letter from New
York, in which he positively declares
that Fillmore's reported policy is not the
policy of the Southern Pacific Company.
The letter is to H. E. Huntington of this
city, and is as follows:
" I notice in the papers some remarks
said to have been made by Mr. Fillmore
in respect to some of those who went out
in the late strike—that he would en
deavor to prevent their getting work
elsewhere, etc. I have not the article
before me, but quote from recollection.
I can hardly believe that Mr. Fillmore
said this. If he did, I think he was all
wrong. We, of course, owe it to our
selves and the patrons of the road to re
fuse to take back men who destroyed any
of our property or made any effort to
prevent others from taking their places,
thus preventing the operation of the
road not only for the benefit of the com
pany, but for the common welfare of
people to use the road, particularly those
who had perishable property that needed
celerity of movement to save it from total
loss. But when we have done that, to
refuse to take the men back, we have
done our part toward protecting our
selves and the interests of those who
need the road to take their stuff to
market. After we have refused to take
them back I think we should wish them
to obtain places elsewhere. If it could
be done without injury to the public,
and it is not our business to follow them,
but when they go, wish them well. I
never should refuse a man work, even
my worst enemy, without regret, as any
one that comes to me for work whereby
to support himself and family shall have
it, if I can give it to him, unless there
was some serious reason; and, as I have
said, I should then almost regret to re
fuse them. I hope our people will con
sider these things carefully and bear in
mind that in handling the great interests
we are caring for it is not enough to look
out for the side of the company, but
also for the rights of every member of
the community in which we are work
ing and where our influence is felt."
EFFECT ON FRUIT.
The Present Hot Weather Expected to
Benefit the Grape Crop.
San Fbancisco, August 28. —In an in
terview to-day Weather Observer Ham
mond gave it as his opinion that, so far
as the effect upon the crops was con
cerned, the present state of the weather
would be rather an advantage than other
wise. For one thing the raisin men have
been worrying somewhat of late about
the slowness of the season, fearing that
the ripening of the grape crop was not
proceeding as rapidly as it should for
their purposes, and a spell of extremely
high temperature would seem to be just
what they need. It would also have the
effect of hastening the ripening of other
fruits, though it is possible, of course,
that a little scorching may be done also.
As a general proposition, however, it is
considered that everything is now too
far advanced and fully matured for any
particular damage to be done.
THE TRUST AND THE TARIFF.
Whisky People Were Unable to Ball*
the Money Needed.
Pkokia, HI., August 28.—The whisky
trust failed to negotiate the loan of $6,
--000,000 with the New York banks for the
purpose of taking all of its product out
of bond before the new tariff went into
effect. At the close of business hour this
afternoon, the labt day of grace, the gov
ernment warehouse contained a large
quantity of spirits. At 2 o'clock a check
bearing the signature of John Baggs,
Vice-President of the Distilling and Cat
tle Feeding Company, was presented to
Collector Hunter for $611,165. At 4
o'clock, the utmost limit allowed for the
payment of the old tax, another check
was sent in for $165,164, making the
total amount paid by the trust to the
Collector to-day $667,320. From other
distilleries enough was taken to swell
the amount to $928,757, making the
largest daily collection at this office in
the history of the service.
FBOM ANOTHER SOURCE.
Pboria, 111., August 28.—With the
close of business the whisky trust took
out 13,000,000 worth at all points. It
could have taken out more, but wanted
to influence the stock. The trust will
test the validity of the new tariff.
Stambuloff Interviewed.
Beblin, August 28.—The Frankfurter
Zeitung publishes an interview with
Stambuloff, Bulgaria's deposed Bis
marck. Before his retirement, he said,
he received from St. Petersburg an offer
of 500,000 roubles as a bribe to depose
Prince Ferdinand. The Czar was as
stubborn as an ox, he continued, and
would never make friends with the
Prince, although the latter was inspired
now with the single desire to Russianize
Bulgaria and her Assembly. The return
of the Zankoffists was imminent. The
power of this group lies in intrigue and
assassination. Should Ferdinand be rec
ognized by Russia, he would bring back
with the'Zankoffiste the very men who
would murder him.
'•■"•■. Sight K«Y«r to •*• Forgotten.
Ybsmfrr*/ Cal., August 28.—The peo
ple who were visitors in i the valley to
day were treated to a sight which they
will never forget. This evening a cloud
burst somewhere on the Yosemite creek
back of the Yosemite Falls, and the falls
increasedi in volume until they were
higher than they have ever been at any
time this year. The water below the
falls increased until it was within a foot
of the bridge, and had it increased an
other foot, the Btate bridge would % have
been swept away. No damage was done
to the valley except a slight washing of
banks on the Yoninite creek.
PRICE, 5 CENTS.
A RUSSIAN SEA GALE
It is Certain That a Thousand
Persons Have Perished.
REPORTS RECOUHT WIDE HAVOC
Two Parties of American Tourists Aro
Supposed to Have Boon on the Sea at
the Time—lmpossible for Days Yet
to Compute the Damage Done.
St. Pktkesbubo, August 28.—Words
cannot describe the wind that swept
across the Sea of Azof yesterday. It is
impossible for days yet to compute the
damage done, bat it is certain that 1,000
have perished, some by drowning, others
by being crushed under falling houses.
The excitement is great among the Ameri
can colony in this city, for it is feared
that at least two parties of American
tourista were on the Sea of Azof at the
time the wind did its deadly work. All
the afternoon there has been a string of
callers at the American ministry asking,
almost begging, for news from Odessa,
whence the tourists were to have started
on the regulation sight-seeing trip across
the Crimea, visiting Sebastopol, Balac
lava and the other famous battle scenes.
The parties were separate, but it is
probable they started within twelve
hours of each other, and according to the
schedule of these excursions they would
have reached the Straits of Kertch yes
terday morning, going thence by steam
boat north to Berdiansk, where they
would take a train back to Odessa. It
is said the leader of one of these parties
had proposed a trip a short distance
north from Temruk into the Lake of the
Black Cossacks. If his party branched
off that way, they have unquestionably
perished, for the storm raged almost
along the entire east coast of the lake.
It is noped some lucky chance delayed
the excursionists co that they could not
reach their embarking port to-day.
At a late hour there was still no gen
eral report of the disaster on which to
base surmises of the Americans' safety.
The reports received recount wide havoc
The wind was first felt at Nogaiak. No
gaisk is peopled by fishermen, who were
oat on the water. When the hurricane
had swept out to the north a terrible
scene was presented. The village was
razed—overturned—as if an immense
plow had been pushed through it. Ly
ing everywhere were women and chil
dren, dead or in the last agonies. The
shallow waters of the Sea of Azoff were
lashed to such a height that it was plain
every fishing boat must have been sunk.
The cyclone swept on to the northwest
after wrecking Nogaisk. Its path seemed
to have been unusually wide, for at Ma
riopol it devastated the country to a
point eleven miles inland, and had its
outer edge far upon the sea. Mariopol
was practically blotted out of existence.
Not three housei in 100 are left stand
ing. It is estimated that 800 persons
perished in this place alone. North of
there the cyclone made a sudden turn
to the east over Dolga points. Its left
edge inflicted slight damage to the town
of Berdiansk. Houses were unroofed
and a dozen persons killed by falling
timbers.
Once at sea, the storm made its full
fury felt. Of the steamers that touch
at the port of Berdiansk not one had
come in at the hour of the latest report.
Grave fears are expressed that every
craft on the sea has gone to the bottom,
and that every passenger has been killed.
When the wind swept over the northern
end of Azof it took a new coarse, and
Eing southerly along the coast of the
id of the Black Cossacks, Temruk and
Achuev were ravaged, each town being
almost totally destroyed. Telegraphic
communication with this district is sus
pended, and it is impossible to learn the
extent of the destruction, bat at least
1,000 persons must have died on the two
shores. The storm, as nearly as can be
learned, seemed to suddenly cease its
force near Temruk, and passed off with
comparative quiet southerly over the
black Sea.
PREPARED FOR THE BREAK.
Another Joknitowi, but Without th«
£*>•■ of Life.
Silica, August 28.—Gohna Lake, which
has for some time past been threatening
to break its banks and sweep down the
valley, at the head of which it lies, has
broken the dam controlling the waters.
Thousands of tons of water poured
through the valley like a cataract, sweep
ing everything before it. Huge bowl
ders were swept along like pebbles, trees
were uprooted and carried on the crest
of the flood, and villages along the valley
were swept out of existence in an in
stant after the roaring torrent of whirl
ing waters struck them. The rainfall
during the monsoon has been heavy,
and the lake rose with great rapidity.
The percolation at the dam became very
heavy, and the engineers who examined
it decided that its breakage was im
minent. To repair it was impossible,
and the government at once took steps
to prevent loss of life when the bre«k
came. Elaborate railway and tele
graphic arrangements were made, and
when the dam started to go out the
petDle nearest the point of danger were
cm.Aed by the railroad to places of
safety, while those farther down the val
ley were notified to pack up their be
longings and be prepared to leave their
homes when called upon by the govern
ment to do so. The call was soon issued
and the people taken away. So when
the flood really came the valley was
leserted by everybody. To this wise
foresight of the government is due the
fact that great loss of life was averted.
National Park at Gettysburg.
N«w Yokk, August 27.—General Dan
iel £. Sickles has a scheme for the con
strnction of a grand national park, which
will include the battlefield and other
historic points of interest at Gettysburg-
The purchase of something like 4,000
acres in and around Gettysburg is em
braced in the plan. The government
already owns several hundred acres at
the scene of the decisive battle of the
war, and Genaral Sickles proposes to ac
quire about 2,600 acres mote. Hit plan
contemplates the establishment of a
military post at Gettysburg as a soldiers'
home, an Indian school and perhaps a
Grand Army mueom.

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