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The islander. [volume] (Friday Harbor, Wash.) 1891-1899, October 11, 1894, Image 1

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V< >L. 4. NO. 34.
0 LAWS IN ALASKA
Congress to be Asked to Do
Something for Her.
IMMIGRANTS ARE VERY ANXIOUS
aw g Are Badly Needed Which Will
Establish Closer Relations Between
Alaska and the States—They Want a
Dele**** in Congress.
ashis< roir, October 6.—An attempt
is to be made during the coming session
of Congress to enact legislation for the
better governing of Alaska. Persons
w ho have gone to that Territory and
made investments are anxious to have
laws which will make secure property,
and which v ill also establish closer com
mercial relations between the Territory
nd the United States. It has been sug
gested that one of the first steps toward
bringing Alaska into closer communica
tion "with the United States and making
it more useful to the government would
be to reorganize the Territory as others
have been organized and send a delegate
to Congress to represent it, who will
point out the needs of the people to the
legislators. This idea is com batted by
those who claim that at present there
are enough white people there to consti
tute a representative government, and
that the native population has not at
tained a degree of intelligence to entitle
it to participate in government affairs.
Because of a lack of legislation the de
velopment of Alaska mines, said to be
very rich, is retarded. Most of the mines
are a character that they require a
great deal of machinery to operate them,
and considerable capital must be in
vested before any results can be obtained.
It is possible that during the short ses
sion of Congress there will be no time
for passing adequate laws for the gov
ernment of the Northwest Territory, yet
men who have been pushing the West
for years are determined that something
must be done for Alaska, and her inter
ests will be pressed upon Congress in the
short session. Even if no action is taken
it is expected that the way may be
opened for something substantial in the
next Congress.
JAPANESE WAR SONGS.
They All Breathe of a Spiritual Bitter
mm Toward China.
Washington, October —The officials
of the Japanese legation have received a
budget of news and gossip by the last
mail from Japan. The spirit of the peo
ple is shown in the war songs sung by
the Japanese troops as they push toward
Peking. The songs were officially com
piled by Prince Arisugawa. They breathe
great bitterness against China, and de
clare that now is the time to plant the
flap: of the Rising Sun on the walls of
Peking and to illuminate its darkness.
Each verse of the song begins and ends
with " Strike and chastise China." Va- !
rious verses describe the Chinese as ar
rogant and insolent, with an army of
"cowards." The Chinese troops' war
tones say of the Japanese:
"They are an undisciplined rabble,
and however fine their arms look, they
are useless, like tine ladies in pictures."
The Japanese Minister of Finance has
officially made announcement that the
war will not be allowed to interrupt the
internal improvement of Japan. Con
sequently railway construction is to pro
ceed with the same vigor as in peaceful
times. The Minister has arranged so
that the treasury shall keep separate ac
count? of war expenses and those for in
ternal improvements in order that the
former may not overshadow the latter.
The late customs-house reports in Japan
show that her trade with the United
States is greater than with any other
power. The total trade last year was
about 4,000,000 yen. British trade, which
comes second, is 500,000 yen.
The Japanese people and press are re
torting to the Chinese Emperor's proc
lamation directing that the Japanese
wo jen," meaning pigmies, should be
driven to their lairs. "The Chinese are
being called "chau chau, meaning puer
"»y; "toupikau," meaning pig-tailed
vagabonds. China is referred to as
'i-so-kuku," the country in which
the people cannot make up their minds,
ihe Japanese papers are already print
ing cuts showing the rout of the Chinesf
on land and sea.
DISPUTED GOLD FIELDS.
Brazil and French Guiana Claim
the Country.
Jkk, October 6.—Additional ad
eswere received here yesterday by
c steamer Madiana, which arrived
Qi West Indian ports, regarding the
gold feyer in the disputed country be
tween Lrazii and French Guiana. The
eoiom«t? in the latter province are on a
"ant tor gold, and there are thousands
rates and freebooters waiting for
to imd it and are ready to rob
!em of it. The government of French
can mV S P°werless to protect them be
} ?": t the international dispute over
£L eou°trJ- Already the pirates have
their work according to the news
fnr ,i , everal expeditions have left
Z ft? F? ld fields- A Party left for the
P>w held* a short time ago, and have
arSr Vle:lrdof Bince- The Governor
fata , f"enus are anxious about the
Frenh\ ■ Herard- Meanwhile the
troops and gunboats are waiting
from the home government to
id drive out the desperadoes.
RELIGIOUS FREEDOM.
The Subject Debated in the Hungarian
Upper House. - '--"
Bcda-Pesth, October 6.—The Hunga
,lan - PPer House to-day opened thede
to aIK a bill granting liberty of worship
Einn ne°jS* In the course of the discus-
Tran, i ? al Schlauch, Archbishop of
■£n5 v ia« Glared the bill, if it
and \h come a law. would ruin society
aadtK tf tate- The Servian Patriarch
on*« i, • mai?ian and orthodox Bish
ister r ,maßimilar strain- , Ex-Min-
Svaez tzakTaud the Calvinist Bishop,
reform i 1? 1? supported the proposed
MiniSl Wn, waa * introduced by the
EoS r of Public Education. Baron
Promn^ 8 1 declared that | the I bUI * was
*aeX by a true sense of liberty and
Tae utcome of the "Pirit of the age.
* * ueDat* was adjourned.
. ... ":■/,.- .
FREIGHT BATES RAISED.
The Expected Advance Will Take Pla««
October 20.
Poetland, October 3.— Press dis
patches received yesterday confirm the
statement already made that commodity
rates from the East are to be raised in
the near future. The following is the
text of a dispatch sent out from Omaha:
" The Missouri river roads to-day an
nounced that after October 20 all freight
rates to Portland and adjacent points
will be advanced 7to 25 per cent. This
is a discrimination in favor of San Fran
cisco, though the object is a mystery."
Local freight men had not last even
ing received official notification of the
proposed advance, but feel satisfied that
I the change will be made. The following
dispatch was received from San Fran
cisco last night:
"Inquiry among the local railway
agents resulted in the confirmation of
the statement contained in a dispatch
from Omaha to-day, which announced
that after October 20 all freight rates to
| Portland and adjacent points would be
advanced 7to 26 per cent. All of them
united, however, in disagreeing with the
proposition that the raise in freight rates
had been ordered with the intention of
discriminating against Portland."
"It is simply a case," as one of the
railroad men remarked, "of an attempt
to get fair pay for the work done. Here
tofore it has so happened that Portland
has had very low rates, and these in spite
of the fact that she had not those ad
vantages in the way of possible sea com
petition in freights to and from the East
which should tend to keep rates down.
It has now been agreed by the companies
j that something like a fair profit should
be exacted on business which has here
tofore been done practically for nothing."
GENERAL WADE HAMPTON.
|
The Commissioner of Railroads on Go ver
ment Ownership.
Washington, October 3. — General
j Wade Hampton, Commissioner of Rail
roads, was at his desk to-day for the first
! time in several weeks, having returned
from an extended trip over the govern
i ment roads which are under his super
j vision. The Commissioner says he en-
countered in California a great deal of
clamor for government control of not
only the Union and Central Pacific roads,
but of all the roads. Both of these propo
sitions are opposed by the Commissioner,
who will submit his report to the Secre
tary of the Interior November 1.
"In the first place," he said, "the
bonds on these roads are not due until
1898, and the government cannot fore
close until that time. If the government
should foreclose, it, having only the sec
ond mortgage, would be compelled to
pay the first mortgage, amounting to
many millions. A government such as
ours cannot operate railroads. In auto
cratic governments it is possible, but not
in this. The demand for foreclosure of
the Pacific road does not come from the
best-informed people of the Pacific Coast,
although it has got to be a very popular
movement in the West."
COMBINE BROKEN.
Tfaisln Growers to Ship Their Prod no*
Ea«t for Storage.
San Fkaxcisco, October 3.—The raisin
combine that was threatened by the dis
agreement of th« California producers
and the New York and Chicago fruit
brokers has been broken, and the yield
of the San Joaquin Valley is being rapidly
shipped eastward. The raisin combine
refused to sell this year's crop, except in
California, intending to force Eastern
buyers to come to California and make
their purchases. The Eastern dealers
refused to do this, and there was a dead
lock. The raisins were stored at Fresno
until the warehouses became overcrowd
ed, when the combine discovered it could
store the product in the East as cheap as
in California, and the raisins were ship
ped to central points, St. Louis, Chicago
and New York. The product will be
stored at these points to await a call for
it when it will be marketed by the com
bine. Fifty-seven carloads left for New
York, and maybe more will follow, up
to September 30 the following shipments
of fruit to Eastern points were made:
Raisins, 208 carloads; other dried fruits
including prunes, 1,100 carloads; de
ciduous green fruits, 5,500 carloads; can
ned fruits and vegetables, 1,000 carloads.
MAKING CITIZENS.
Right of Citizenship Given to Sallow of
the United States Nary.
Ban Fbancisco, October 3.—ln com
pliance with a recent act of Congress
Secretary Herbert has recently promul
gated a eeneral order which gives to sail
ors of the United States navy the right
of citizenship. This order has been for
warded to every vessel of the navy and
to each naval station with instructions
that it be published at general muster
and copies conspicuously posted. The
order sets forth an act of Congress grant
ing to enlisted men of the navy the right
of citizenship after five years' service
without any previous declaration, the
same as provided for in the case of the
United States army and marine corps.
The granting of this suffrage to tn«
United States navy will permit about
two-fifths of the enlisted men to become
citizens, and already a large number
have procured their citizenship papers.
It is reported from the New York navy
yard that fully 1,000 sailors have secured
their papers since Secretary Herbert s
order has been issued.
Competition in Beer.
San Fbancisco, October 3.—Within
the past two months two plants have
been established in this city for bottling
Eastern beer, and the brewers of Mil
waukee and St. Louis are endeavoring
to compete with the local brewers by
supplying bottled beer to families, ho
tels and restaurants at the same pnce
per dozen as that charged for local beer.
Train Bobbery FreTented.
St Joseph, Mo., October 3.—Lee
Jones and - Scar-faced Charley " Frizzle
were arrested here to-day, charged with
conspiracy to rob the Chicago, Rock Isl
-3 and Pacific train. They were he-
Wed by one of their own band. A
wSkasro it was planned to rob a west
bound Rock Island train and Wow it up,
I after them.
FRIDAY HARBOR, SAN JUAN CO.. WASH., THURSDAY, OCTOBER 11, 1894.
LAST MOVE OF JAPAN
Troops Said to Have Landed
at Possiet Bay.
CONJECTURES AS TO THE REASON
The Japanese May be Preparing to Re
sist a Possible Advance of the Rus
sians Into Corea—Anti-Foreign Feel-
Ing In Tien Tsin.
Tien Tsin, October 3.—lt is officially
announced 5,000 Japanese troops have
arrived close to Possiet Bay near the
Russian frontier. It was reported here
that a Japanese fleet had been sighted
September 29 ten miles south from Shan
Hai Kwan, 200 miles from Peking. Large
bodies of Chinese troops have been
drafted to that district the last few days
to prevent the Japanese landing.
OFFICIALS AEE PUZZLED.
Washington, October 3. — Officials
here, who have been closely watching
the progress of the war in the East, are
puzzled to account for the landing of
5,000 Japanese troops at Possiet Bay, as
announced officially from Tien Tsin.
This bay lies directly on the eastern
boundary between Corea and the Rus
sian maritime provinces. It is not be
lieved any Chinese troops are in the
neighborhood, as the country is too rug
ged and barren to warrant the plan of
marching the troops overland clear across
Corea to join the army. marching on
Moukden, and it is considered conceiv
able that the Japanese are preparing to
resist a possible advance by the Russian
troops from the north into Corea.
PURPOSE OF THE MOVEMENT.
The purpose of the movement reported
from Tien Tsin of the reconnoitering by
the Japanese fleet off the Chinese coast
near Shan Hai Kwan is more reasonable
and apparent. Shan Hai Kwan lies on
the boundary between the Chinese prov
inces of Manchuria and Chi Li at the
eastern end of the great wall which tra
verses China. It is directly on the rail
road building from Tien Tsin to Mouk
den, and as the line is already in opera
tion between it and Tien Tsin, the town
is a place of great strategic advantage.
Should the Japanese effect its capture
and land an army, there would be noth
ing in the way of a rapid advance on
Peking, the capital, and unless the Chi
nese resistance is more formidable than
it has been so far, the marcn could be
made in a week or ten days.
FEAE FOB PEKING.
Shanghai, October 3.—The anti-for
eign feeling at Peking is increasing hour
ly, and the authorities find it difficult to
repress outbreaks of the Chinese popu
lation. Leading Chinese representatives
at Peking fear that, if the Japanese
march upon Peking, the capital will be
captured, as the Chinese soldiers gath
ered to defend it are dissatisfied and un
reliable. It is reported Li Hung Chang
has received orders not to proceed to
Corea.
ANTI-FOEEIGN FEELING.
London, October 3.—A Shanghai cor
respondent of the Central News tele
graphs : There is no sign in Tien Tsin
that Li Hung Chang's power is waning.
His audiences are well attended, and he
has several thousand well-armed troops,
who protect Europeans. Much anxiety
is felt by foreign residents, as the popu
lace is behaving insolently and becoming
unusually threatening. The removal of
the treasure and archives fromMoukden
made a bad impression.
SECRECY OF WAS.
Japanese Arsenals Are Busy, But Are
Telling No Secrets.
San Fbancisco, October 3. — H. E.
Keller of Philadelphia has arrived from
Tokio, Yokohama, Kobe and other Jap
anese points, where he has been for three
months. "The arsenal at Tokio," he
said, "is as busy as it can be, and no
body is allowed there. Strict secrecy is
preserved. I dined with Iwasaka, the
richest man in Japan, who recently gave
5,000,000 yen or $250,000 to aid the war,
and became quite intimate with him,
but he told me he could not, acting in ac
cordance with the policy of the Japanese,
give any facts about the war. Every
where I found the same secrecy observed.
I met frequently Count Matsugeta, the
James G. Blame of Japan and ex-Prime
Minister, and his son, with whom I
graduated at college. Both told me the
policy was to give nothing out that could
give the Chinese an insight into what
was being done. Going from Hong Kong
to Shanghai, I met four English gunners
who had been engaged for a Chinese war
ship at f 100 a month and five years' pay
to their families if killed. An English
Captain was with them, who was to re
ceive much greater pay. The Chinese
are engaging all the Englishmen fighters
they can, and. they are paying them big
sums. In Japan it is believed to be the
intention to move immediately on Pe
king and capture it before winter sets in.
The Japanese see they have got to do it
quickly, or it will be much harder later."
Letter Carriers* Inspection.
Washington, October 3. —Acting Post-
master-General Jones sent a letter to
Postmaster Hessing at Chicago to-day
concerning the inspection of letter car
riers in that city next Sunday. He says
that, owing to the work of the carriers
and the interruption to business, an in
spection on a week day is impracticable,
but says that, as they must under the
law be inspected, such inspection should
be brief and entail as little labor on the
carriers as possible. Mr. Hessing is di
rected to have the inspection take place
at the poßtoffice and the several stations
without parades or unnecessary demon
strations.
Questions for Diplomacy.
London, October 3.—The Standard's
correspondent at Paris says: The Poli
tique Coloniale, reflecting the views of
the Minister of the Colonies, gives, ex
clusive of the questions of Egypt and
Madagascar, a list of eleven outstanding
difficulties between France and England
connected with frontier and similar dis
putes in various African colonies. Many
of these have practically been settled,
and none of them would justify a rup
ture, unleas one country was bent npon
picking a quarrel with the other, which,
the paper sayi, is not the case.
NEW YORK' POLICE.
Sensational Testimony Before the Leiow
Investigating Committee.
New York, October 4. —Mr. Moss, at
torney for the Parkhuret Society, opened
to-day's proceedings before the Lexow
investigating committee by placing in
evidence a chattel mortgage given by
David Kroman to David Kroman. The
first David has already testified before
the committee that he gave the mort
gage to raise money to give the police for
protection. Policeman Hussey was the
next witness. Mrs. Urchittet, who some
time ago appeared before the committee,
had testified that an officer had walked
her around the streets all night and
taken down her stockings to search for
money. The prosecution tried to show
that Hussey was the officer. Hussey
testified that a stool pigeon named Black
had told him that a policeman named
Charles A. Place was the policeman who
took the money. An affidavit from Black
was read, saying he was present when
Place demanded money in the woman's
store. Place took the stand, and swore
he never saw the woman or took the
money from her. He said Hussey had
asked him to help him out by swear
ing that the woman was disrep
utable. The woman then took the
stand. Her story was a shameful one.
Her children were torn from her by the
policeman and placed in an asylum." She
was scourged from pillar to post by the
police and Max Hochstein, an East Side
politician. Hochstein at first under the
guise of a friend advised her to pay the
police, and later insulted and hounded
her. Looking around the courtroom, her
eyes lighted upon Hussey; she recog
nized the author of her troubles in a
moment, and became intensely agitated.
She pointed dramatically at the officer,
and half starting from the witness chair,
cried:
" That's him; that's him!"
For a moment it looked as if she would
spring at the officer. It was some time
before she became quiet. Elias Mandel,
a restaurant-keeper, testified that Hus
sey had come to him and demanded $100
for protection for gambling. He was ar
rested by Hussey on a charge later, be
ing subjected to much persecution. In
court to-day Officer Hussey accused Nar
berth Peffer, a detective employed by the
committee, of being the author of his
trouble. After calling him a foul name,
the policeman threatened to blow Pef
fer's brains out. Later he denied hav
ing made the accusation or threat. Mor
ris Masch, a cloak manufacturer, testi
fied that clothing had been stolen from
his store. Officers Hussey and Shelby
assisted in finding the thief,but, although
they made arrests and had a strong case,
Masch was not allowed to call his wit
nesses, and the thieves were discharged.
DIED OP THIRST.
Terrible Suffering by Prospectors Cross"
ing the Desert.
San Dieoo, October 6. —Jose Garcia, a
peddler, who has just returned from the
Cocopah country with Quirino Cosilio, a
half-breed, and Fred Cota, a Mexican,
tells of the finding on the desert below
the national boundary of the body of an
American who had died of thirst. There
were no means of identifying the re
mains, save that contained in the cloth
ing and a piece of an envelope or paper
sack addressed to "James Moore, pay
master A. T. and S. F,, Topeka, Kan.,"
a common clasp purse, which held this
paper, and the part of a greenback in it.
The boot was about a No. 6, and the man
did not appear to have been large. The
party was three days without water, suf
fering untold hardship, but afterward
afforded relief to Margarita Angulo and
Felipe Moseno, two Mexicans, and an
American, supposed to have been Fred
Wasson of this city. Angulo was insane
from thirst, but all recovered. On the
return trip the trail of another wanderer
was discovered, and certain circum
stances led the party to believe that he
had fallen a victim to the desert, as the
hovering vultures and coyotes howling
up the canyon among the hills afforded
good grounds for the suspicion. Much
suffering is reported on the desert by re
turning prospectors. The water is poor,
and there is but little of it.
First Cargo of the Season.
Tacoma, October 4.—The ship City of
Athens sailed last night for the United
Kingdom with the first cargo of new
wheat Bhipped from this port. It
amounted to 1,800 tons. Four larger
ships have arrived to load wheat in char
ter for Balfour, Guthrie & Co. and Sib
son & Kerr. They are the Androsa, Cap
tain York, Glencova and Windsor Park.
The Androsa arrived yesterday. Captain
Lockhart reports that August 3, 240
miles southeast of Shanghai, the ship
encountered a terrific gale, which lasted
thirty hours. For twelve hours it as
sumed the proportions of a typhoon.
Two ships were dismasted near the An
drosa, and she met three steamers dis
abled by the storm. The Androsa lost a
lower mainsail, but suffered no othei
casualty.
Court of Prhate Land Claims.
Sante Fb, N. M., October 4. —Thft
Court of Private Land Claims has just
concluded a term wherein much im
portant business was transacted. Dur
ing the past year the court confirmed
Spanish and Mexican grants in New
Mexico to the amount of 779,000 and
rejected such claims to the amount of
3,840,000 acres. In Arizona none were
confirmed, and grants amounting to
195,000 acres were rejected. United
States Attorney Matthew Reynolds of
St. Louis receives much credit for this
favorable showing to the government.
The court will meet again January 25
next, when claims to the amount of sev
eral million acres will be taken into con
sideration.
May Remain Open Sundays.
San Fkancisco, October 4.—The aa
loons of San Jose may hereafter remain
open Sundays. The State Supreme Court
rendered a decision to-day in the case of
the People vs. Scherrer, declaring that a
county law passed by the Board of Su
pervisors cannot affect the city of San
Jose.
Ethel Brandon Again Free.
San Fbancisco, October 4.—Mrs. Ethel
Stockwell, better known as Ethel Bran
don, the actress, was awarded a divorce
from L. E. Stockwell in the Superior
Court to-day on the ground of extreme
cruelty.
UNDER THE NEW LAW
First Month's Receipts of the
Treasury Department
IT WAS LESS THAN LAST YEAR
But It Is Estimated, However, That for
the Fiscal Tear There Will be a
Surplus of Between Fifty and Sixty
Million Dollars.
Washington, October 2. — The first
month's receipts of the Treasury Depart
ment, namely for the month of Septem
ber, under the operation of the new tar
iff law were made public yesterday.
The aggregate receipts for the month
were $22,621,288, as compared with $24,
--582,758 for September, 1893. As com
pared with August, 1894, when the re
ceipts from internal revenue assumed
abnormal proportions because of the
large withdrawals of whisky in antici
pation of the increased tax of 20 cents
per gallon, there is in round figures a
decrease of $18,000,000. According to
the estimates upon which the new tariff
bill was based it was to producee, xclu
sive of postal revenue, from sugar $43,
--000,000 a year, and from the income tax
placed at a minimum figure $15,000,000
per year. No revenue from either of
those sources is shown in the current re
ceipts of the month of September, for
the reason that the income tax does not
become operative until January 1,1895,
and three or four months' supply of sug
ar was imported prior to the new law
in anticipation of the ad valorem tax
placed upon it. Upon the basis of the
estimates submitted, and upon which
the tariff bill was framed, the revenue
from the two principal sources—customs
and internal revenue —each was put
down at $179,000,000 per year. For the
the three months of the present fiscal
year the receipts have been $97,848,174,
against $79,379,417 for the corresponding
months of 1893. Of the receipts for the
current fiscal year to date, $35,797,243
have been from customs or at the rate of
$140,000,000 a year, and from internal
revenue $58,944,916 or at the rate of
$232,000,000 a year. These two items
alone show an excess of the total esti
mate of $370,000,000, upon which the
tariff bill was based, leaving the mis
cellaneous revenue of $20,000,000 as a
surplus. From present indications, when
revenue from sugar and the income tax
begin to be received and customs and in
ternal revenue receipts assume their
normal conditions, as they are now
gradually doing, a surplus of between
$50,000,000 and $60,000,000. at the p™,
ent ratio existing between the receipts
and expenditures, is indicated. Even
as the situation is now shown for the cur
rent year to date the expenditures ex
ceed the receipts less than $1,000,000.
BLOOD OF WOUNDS.
British Naval Officer's Account of the
Horrors of Modern War.
London, October 2.—A British naval
officer attached to the Chinese naval
squadron which was engaged in the fight
off the mouth of Yalu river has written
a letter to the Graphic, which is pub
lished in that paper to-day. In this let
ter the writer gives additional details of
the fighting, and says:
"On board the warship Chen Yuen
the fighting was awful. The decks and
the space around the guns were strewn
with human fragments. Three of the
five men working a four-ton gun were
blown up by a shell from the Japanese
warship Naniwa Kan. The fourth gun
ner was shot while trying to escape from
the turret, and the fifth stuck to his
post. This man fired three rounds at
the Naniwa Kan, one shell entering the
engine-room of the Japanese ship and
another smashing her forward bridge.
The Naniwa Kan then hauled off. The
Chinese Admiral rewarded the surviving
gunner with a present of 1,000 taels. A
shell glanced from the steel deck of the
Chen Yuen and went through her tower,
shattering everything within. A Lieu
tenant, who was in the act of speaking
through the tube leading to the engine
room, was blown into atoms, ana his
head was left hanging to the speaking
pipes. Huge fragments of armor and
the teak backing thereof were driven
inboard by the shot, crushing a large
number of sailors into a shapeless mass.
A European engineer, who was in the
act of groping about in an endeavor to
repair a steam pipe, was drenched from
head to foot with the blood of an assist
ant, who was disemboweled while stand
ing by his side by a shot from the ene
my's ship. The Chen Yuen arrived at
Wei Hai Wei the day after the fight m
the same condition in which she left the
battle. No attempt had been made to
wash the blood from her or to remove
the corpses which strewed her decks."
The writer expresses the opinion that,
if the European rulers could have seen
the decks of the Chen Yuen, they would
have foresworn war henceforth and for
ever.
AUSTRALIAN BUSINESS.
Another Line of Steamers Between Syd
ney and San Francisco Advocated.
San Francisco, October 2.—Joseph
Howard Witheford, who arrived on the
Monowai last Saturday, is according to
his own account visiting the United
States upon a very peculiar mission.
He comes to advocate the establishment
of another line of steamers between Syd
ney and San Francisco. At present the
Oceanic Steamship Company is running
three steamers regularly between these
points via Apia and Honolulu, and so is
the Canadian Pacific Steamship Com
pany. At one time the government of
New South Wales paid a subsidy to the
Oceanic Company, but about three
years ago withdrew it. Then the Cana
dian Pacific came into the field and the
subsidy was paid to it, and it is still aid
ing in keeping the opposition alive.
The steamers that make British CpUnn
bia their headquarters receive $500,000 a
year from the Canadian, Australian and
British governments, while the Oceanic
Company has to struggle along unaided,
with'the exception of a few thousands a
rear paid it by the government of New
Zealand. Mr. Witheford Bays he is
confident that, if American capital will
put on » fine line of steamers to the
boloniei, it will reap a large income from
tii« outlay.
THE PUGILISTS.
"Gentleman Jim" Indites Fiti
an Elaborate Epistle.
Boston, October 2.—Under date of to
day Corbett wrote Fitzsimmons as fol
lows:
"In reply to your communication to
day I desire to state that I am the heavy
weight champion of the world. I won
that title not by defeating middle
weights, but by battling with every
heavy-weight that stood between myself
and John L. Sullivan. I dispute your
right to claim a battle with me at the
present time, because, while you are un
doubtedly the best middle-weight in the
world, your record gives no right to a
place in my class. I propose to enter
the prize ring once more and then retire,
whether I win or lose, and I want my
next contest to be with the best man in
the world. Ido not consider you that
man, and I do not propose to meet you
and then after having defeated you be
told by your friends that you are only a
middle-weight after all. I care nothing
for the past history of the ring or its ob
solete rules. My future is in my own
hands, and I do not propose to be told
by you or any other man living what I
am to do. I consider Steve O'Donnell a
better man than you are, and he will
prove it when he meets you. If you ac
cept his challenge and defeat him, then
you will not have to worry much about
securing a contest with me. You say
that O'Donnell is a fourth-rater, and
that you are sincere in your desire to be
champion of the world. Then you should
remove the only obstacle that stands be
tween you and me, especially when he
is so easy. lam prepared to post $5,000
with any reputable man or newspaper
in this country, to be paid to you in case
I refuse to fight you after you have de
feated O'Donnell. Mr. Brady has posted
$1,000 with the New York Herald in evi
dence of O'Donnell's good faith. You
do not need to wait thirty days for me
to pay any attention to you, for I do not
propose to do so. If you are sincere,
then you had better arrange a match
with O'Donnell at once, for the sooner
you do the sooner you will get the chance
you seem to desire so much—a meeting."
THE KAISER'S VIEWS.
What He Thinks That the Modern Bat-
tie Ship Should Be.
London, October 2. —Edward Reed, M.
P., in an interview to-day gave an out
line of a conversation which he recently
had with the Emperor of Germany on
the subject of war between China and
Japan. Mr. Reed said:
"The Emperor expressed clear and
pronounced views on the situation, which
have been remarkably fulfilled through
the results at Yalu. His Majesty recog-
nizptri tfco vainft of --strong armor, and
particularly dwelt upon tfie efficacy or
an armor belt reaching virtually from
stem to sterm, but he emphasized his
opinion that it was of the utmost im
portance that a vessel in action should
be given the greatest possible scope, of
gunfire."
The Emperor at the time of his inter
view with Mr. Reed gave to that gentle
man a portrait of himself with his sig
nature indorsed on its back. Preceding
the imperial signature were these words:
In the modern battle ship the dis- ;
tribution of weight necessitates a com»
promise between armor and artillery,
Give her a full all-around belt, and aftei
that always decide in favor of artillery.'
Mr. Reed expressed his opinion that
the Yalu battle was remarkable for its ,
emphasis of the value of speed and ar
mament multiplied by the quick-firing
gun. _______
MANY LIVES LOST.
Much of the Island of Cuba is Now
Under Water.
Havana, October 2.—Owing to the ex
cessive rains, with a fall of 167 the 23d
and 242 the 24th, the rivers Sagua, Yabu,
Yabusito and Mayaneya have flooded
the surrounding country and inundated
the towns of Sagua, Crences, La Jas,
Sitiesto and San Domingo. At Sagua
the water is from eighteen to forty-five
feet deep, and 3,000 families are home
less. The inhabitants have sought sal
vation on the roofs of the two story
buildings, which alone are not under
water. The loss of life is estimated at
200, while the damage of property will
reach $4,000,000. Some seventy houses
have been destroyed, and 200 more are
badly damaged. Most of the furniture
and merchandise has been swept away,
and many head of cattle have been
drowned. The electric plant and the gas
works have suffered heavily. Many sug
ar-houses and cane fields are under
water. The sugar crop is seriously
compromised. Forty-seven houses have
been destroyed at Santa Cruz del Sur,
and a pier there was also wrecked. Com
munications have been interrupted for
four days. Subscriptions for the relief
of the sufferers by the flood are being
organized. ________
■ Longest In the.World. ;
New York, October 2.—The power and
mining department of the General Elec
tric Company has just closed a contract
with the Sacramento Electric Light and j
Power Company that calls for the trans-1
mission by electricity from a water
power at Folsom, Cal., of several § thou
sand electrical horse power to the city of:
Sacramento to supply light, heat, power,'
etc., to an extent that will practically j
supersede all the present steam plants
now in operation. This will make the.
longest transmission:by 1 electricity of,
power in large amounts installed in the
world. , v - . '
The AnrachUU Aetlre. '
London, October 2.—Adiipatch to the
Chronicle from Vienna says that an Ital
ian anarchist has been arrested at Cairo, J
charged with an attempt to murder the g
Khedive. It is alleged that ]he went I
from Italy to Cairo for that purpose, and,
that the Italian police authorities warned
the Italian Consul at Cairo of his com
tog. A dagger was found in the posses- !
sion of the man when he was arrested.
'./■"'.• An Italian Society.
Paris, October 2.—Eight anarchists
were arrested at Marseilles to-day on a •
charge of plotting the murder of Signor j',
.Dura-ado, th« Italian Consul, and an at-j
tempt to blow up the Italian f consulate. (
Letters found in the lodgings of the pris
oners showed that they were connected I
with an Italian brotherhood, having .-,
ramifications in London, Trieste, Genoa (
and other European ttatart. I
PEICE, 5 CENTS.
THEPUYALLUPMUDDLE
No Settlement Except in the
Manner Now Employed.
INDIAN BUREAU IS DETERMINED
It Is Said That Its Officers Want the
Contracts Made With the Indiana
Ruled Oat as Invalid—The Commis
sion Doing Good Work.
Washington, October I.—Notwith
standing the hard fight made by Repre
sentative Doolittle and other members
of the Washington delegation, the prob
abilities are that there will be no settle
ment of the Puyallup Indian reserva
tion muddle and sale of the lands except
in the manner which is now being em
ployed. The great fight which has been
made to have something done which will
give the men who made contracts with
the Indians an opportunity to test their
validity will probably fail. From the
very first there has been a disposition
on the part of the Indian office to have
these contracts ruled out as invalid and
make the men who made the contracts
with the Indians lose what they have
paid them. This disposition originated
with Agent Eells, who has for so many
years been agent for the Puyallups, and
permeates the entire Indian office. The
contracts were probably made in opposi
tion to the wishes of Mr. Eells, and he
intends, if he can, to make the contract
ors lose. Ever since Washington was
admitted the delegation in Congress has
been trying to have the lands opened
under some regulations that will give
the contractors an opportunity to get the
lands or their money back, but it has
always been a failure. The nearest a
bill of that kind came to passing was in
the Fifty-first Congress, when Repre
sentative Wilson slipped through in a
right-of-way bill a clause which would
have settled the whole affair. Cockrell
of Missouri caught it up in the Senate
and made a tremendous bluster, and
Allen and Squire, who were not as famil
iar with Senatorial ways as they have
since become, allowed the clause to be
stricken out, something that would not
happen again. Now the difficulty is in
getting something through the House.
In the last session of Congress Doolittle
tried the House and Squire the Senate,
but the more that has been done the
more opposition is found. This opposi
tion comes from the Indian bureau,
which is very much opposed to the set
tlement of the Puyallup lands on any
other basis except to eschew all contracts
Assistant Commissioner Armstrong,
who for all practical purposes is the
Commissioner during this administra
tion, says that the commission which is
now at work on the Puyallup reservation
Is doing good work in his opinion. He
was there not long ago and looked the
field over. He says that when the com
mission reports its action will be unop
posed and the lands will be sold. The
first report will relate almost entirely to
the lands held in common by the Indian!
and not to those held in severalty. Gen
eral Armstrong says that after these
common lands are disposed of, the com
mission will take up the individual
lands, which the Indians desire to sell,
and they will be sold under the direction
of the government. Asked if anything
whatever would be done with the con
tracts, General Armstrong replied:
"Nothing. They are invalid. Every
body knows they are of no account. If
they are tested in the courts, it will make
no difference. When the court dismissed
the injunction against the commission
that settled the contracts. They will
have no standing in court. Why would
these fellows be trying to secure legisla
tion to legalize them if they did not
know they were worthless without such
legislation?" . m «
It will be seen that the Indian office
is dead set against the men with the
contracts. '\-\f
CHINESE TREATY.
It Hm Been Formally Ratified by the
Celestial Government.
Washington, October I.—Notification
has been given the government in an in
formal way of the ratification by the Chi
nese government of the treaty between
the United States and China negotiated
by Secretary Gresham and Chinese Min
ister Yang Yu and ratified by the Senate
on the part of the United States, ?: Only
a formal exchange of ratification be
tween the Department of State and the
Minister is to be transacted to make the
treaty a law governing the relations of
the two powers, and this ceremony will
doubtless take place within a month.
Minister Yang Yu called upon Secretary
Gresham last week and said he received
word from his government that • it had
ratified the treaty that % the document
had been forwarded to him; also that be
had ( received instructions Ito exchange
ratifications with the United States as
soon as it was delivered to him. The
treaty with the Chinese seal and signa
tures was sent from Peking several weeks
ago. In the -- course lof : communication
six weeks will be required for its trans
mission to Washington, so it is { not ex
pected at the 1 legation for two weeks.:
This is the first authentic information
received in this city regarding the treaty. ?
As the diplomatic business of the gov
ernment is naturally transacted secretly,
, Yang Yu's communication to the Secre
tary of State was not made known until \
Gresham's attention was called to the \
speculation afloat $ here concerning the
apparently * slow course of '.- the Chinese
government rin taking action. Then
'- Secretary Gresham gave to the press the
1 status of the 't matter, and said the re
ports that there was « any cause for dis
-1 satisfaction over the way China was pro
| ceeding toward the consummation of toe
1 treaty were entirely groundless.
New York's New Constitution.
Albany, N. V., October I.—The Con-;
stitutional Convention has adopted the
1 new constitution as reported * from the
! committee of the whole by a vote of 06
to 45, two Republican members vottnjt %
with the minority. It was first; decided
\ to admit the canal article and the ap
portionment article I separately ana tbfj f
| ft* of the document mft who** $&£

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