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VOL. VIII. NO. 3.
0S OF THE WEEK from all Parts of the New and Old World. BKIKF ANl> INTERESTING ITEMS Cotni.reh.-i.sivo Review of the Import ant Happenings of the Cur rent Week. The steamer Elier plying between Portland and Alaska ports, reports a* glibly rough trip down The se« - the worst the crew and officers of V Elder have ever encountered, and, lj n g to her being without ballast, all control of the vessel was lost, and it was only ing to the vigilance of the ftffic ers thai she was saved from going 'tli -i crash on one of the thousands of Sail islands in this district. She was 1',;.;,: to remain at sea for 36 hours. rrLwie while it lasted, was terrific, 1\ attained a velocity of at least 100 m ile an hour. The vessel's propeller b ] a( ]es were broken and she was com pelled to lay over at Nanaimo for repairs. M Philadelphia the birthday anni versary of George Washington was com . .... ',•,,; with appropriate exercises at the Academy of Music. The feature of the day was an address to the Ptu dentsof the university of Pennsylvania, delivered by President McKinley. The president paid an eloquent tribute to the^ memory of the Father of Our Country, and from bis life and deeds drew a lesson as to the duties of the American people of today. At Chi cago, ex-President llarrrison delivered arT address before the Union League Club, choosing as his subject, "The Duties of Wealth." At numerous other cities the occasion was appropriate^ observed, with street parades and liter ary exercises. The senate has passed a bill to add two artillery regiments to the strength of the army. This measure has been urged for many month* by officials of the war department, who foresaw that while congress of late years had taken measures for the protection of our coasts by additional appropriations for extensive work md great guns, it had not provided the men necessary to operate these engines of war. Should the house pass the bill, it will enable the department to carry out plans it has limp had in view. Criticisms lately passed upon the state of the army and our fortifications have caused increased activity in military matters, and to some extent this is responsible for re ports arriving from various quarters of movements at army posts. The Bethlehem Company's steel mill, giving employment to 1,000 bads, has resumed work, after an idle ms of some months. The Carpenter Steel Company, of Reading, Pa., is working a double turn on orders from the navy department for steel projectiles. W. .'. Scan lan, the once famous Irish actor, died of paresis in a New York insane asylum, where he had I en confined for five years. Lather ('. Billings, pay director in the United States navy, has been found guilty of falsehood and scandalous con duct by a court mania! at Washington, and sentenced to dismissal from the service. The Great Commonwealth Develop ment and Mining Company has applied to the Dominion parliament for a rail road charter from Edmonton to the Alaska line by way of Peace, Laird and Felly rivers. The board of directors of the Eastern Oregon & Washington Firemen's Asso ciation have met in Walla Walla and elected La Grande as the place for holding the next annual meeting and tournament of the associations, June 14, 15 and i.;. A creeping reduction of over f 8,000, WO from the amount carried by th« curre m law \ a made in the sun , civil appropriation bill, reported to the house Tuesday, the aggregate ap propriation carried being $44,749,893. Ahe total is $13,234,541 lees than the egular and supplemental official esti mates male for the fiscal year 1899, «w 18,861,880 less than the appropria tions made for the current fiscal year. 5a^ Port Townsend, Wash., dispatch tnrii As .a consequence of the unfa- JJJ- criticism that has followed th« wing of the steamer Clara Nevada mm the trouble that attended the de- Partureof the North Pacific for the '-"'• carrying g°seeker ß , Colonel terS C leCtor of customs, has de ernnned to compel vessels bound for -J>ka to carry only the number' of gangers allowed by the federal , er- «ul c nh! t r harf at Tam P^o, con govern ,1 by the Central railroa(lf under ~truT! )ervision. was totally of &by fire Sunda The cause tion'if h' '8 Ullknown- T'>e construe )ah Roo>- lar. f was commenced in W«t n Va" U was to be one of the It'len ,i SPan'sh-American coast. CcJ = T ? 25 75 feet ' and all is stru.tL 1"« custom-house under con a»' nearly completed, was 800 rl" extent of abont ?B°o.- Wse an ? total loss on wharf custom -000,000 •merchandise is nearly $2.- J ' willy insured. DpubH nA r»- D°le . President of Public U °f Hawai5 ' was tendered a cCer 7' tlOn at San Francisco at the ",°; fl Co.T m.erCe' and ruet with a *n fla "enng recognition on the 01 we crowds of people. de m!!7 Gage points with a good C?! t0 the fact that the cus- Uv c ov' f °r this fiscal y^r at last Ba*e r , er V f a< the recei Pts for the Th total rf • the prior fiscal fear: Che San Jmn Islander FRIDAY HARBOR, SAN JUAN COUNTY, WASHINGTON, THURSDAY, MARCH 3, 1898. WRECKING THE SHIP. No Important Developments in the Maine Investigation. Havana, Feb. 25. —The United States court of inquiry into the loss of the Maine met at 10 o'clock this morning and examined Dr. Heneberger, Pay master Ray and Chief Engineer Howell, of the battle-ship. There was a recess ordered at noon, and it lasted until 1:30 P. M. Several witnesses, whose names are not obtainable, were ex amined during the afternoon. Another visit was made to the wreck by Captain Sampson, president of the court. The captain says he has no idea of the length of time the court will re main in session here. It all depends upon the testimony, and new features requiring further investigation may de velop at any time. Captain Sampson added that sooner or later every sur vivor of the Maine will be examined by the court, which seems to imply that sessions for that purpose will be held at Key West. Although this informa tion is meager, it is absolutely all Cap tain Sampson will give the press. A strong wind made the harbor rough today, and added to the difficulties of the divers, as the electric lights are worked from a battery on the lighthouse tender Mangrove, 200 yards distant. Captain Sigsbee is pained by the comments on his conJuct while the Maine was afloat, made by some of the papers here, but it is pointed out that such papers are not of the better ciass. The captain has been so universally courteous and is apparently so popular that it is t surprising that any of the papers of Havana should seek to do him an injustice. Today has been the quietest since tbe explosion. The wounded are all doing well, except Frederick C. Holzer, who is slightly worse. The divers have been continually at work, but the re sults of their labors, so far^as they would throw light on the cause of the explosion, are kept strictly for the court of inquiry. It is reported that 20 bodies have been found under the forward batches, but only three have been removed, owing to the mass of chains and wreckage in the way. The officers of the court of inquiry, during their inspection of the work to day, discovered, it is said five armor plates projecting from the water near the bow. There is a good deal of speculation as to what caused this, many contending that the position of the plates shows that the big magazine forward did not explode. The divers, it is expected by many, will find very little of the structure of the ship for ward of the 10-inch tnnet. A large quantity of clothing has been taken from the wreck, and, after it lias been disinfected, it will be given to the concentradoes. The bodies of the missing officers, Lieutenants Jen kins and Assistant Engineer Merritt, have not been recovered. The divers reached the former's room, but it was found that his body was not there. Thus far the sharks have given no trouble, but the vultures have left scarcely a bit behind but the skeletons of three men who were entangled in the debris near the surface of the wa ter. The bodies were not noticed by any one until the foal birds had com pleted their ghastly work. From the hand of one, Chaplain Chidwick re moved a deeply chased gold ring for the purpose of identification. Chap lain Chidwick said the total number of missing is 85 or 86, and five have died iv the hospital. ZOLA CONVICTED. Sentenced to One Year in Prison and Heavily Fined. Paris, Feb 25.—The -Zola trial is ended. The jury agreed days ahead on a verdict, and its unanimity was due to threats. It stayed in the jury room for a few minutes, and the sen tence is one year for M. Zola and a fine of 3,000 franc?, and four months for M. Perrieux, the nominal director of the Auroro. The hour was 7 in the evening, and the court was lighted by electricity which revealed the face of every person. A very striking obj<^ "Christ Crucified," hung high behind the bench. M. Maitre la Boric ended his speech by saying: "The name of Pilate is the most ab horred in history." The figure of "Christ" caught Zola's eye. After sentence had been passed with pompous decorum, lie ex claimed: "Today, associated, with Christ, I, too, am a victim of mob violence, official cowardice and a grand miscar riage of justice." WAR TALK IN SENATE. Allen Brought on a Sharp Debate on the Cuban Question. Washington, Feb. 25.—While the senate had under consideration the diplomatic and consular appropriation bill today, a sharp debate on the Cuban situation was precipitated by Allen (Pop., Neb.), who offered as an amendment the reolution passed by the senate a year ago recognizing the belligerent rights of the Cuban insur gents. The debate lasted nearly four hours. In the course of a reply to the pre liminary statement of Allen, Morgan (Dem., Ala.) said that this country's relations with Spain at the present time were seriously strained, and in tervention by tne United States, which i a year ago wonld have been inoffensive, now would almost be a cauee for war. He expressed the opinion that the Cuban affair would be eventually sub mitted to arbitration between the United States and Spain, but he did not want war precipitated by rash leg islation. Allen's amendment was finally ruled out of order, and an appeal from the ruling taken by the Nebraska senator was laid on the table by a vote of 51 to 6. The baked banana is the ideal food lor nervous and anaemic brain workers. TWENTY MEN LOST. The British Ship Asia Wrecked Near >'antucket. Boston, Feb. 24.—There is scarcely a doubt that the British ship Asia, bound from Manila for this port, was wrecked near Nantucket during the gales of the past few days, and that her entire crew of 20 men have perished. This con clusion is not only borne out by wreck age, consisting of the stern of a boat, yards and other materials, which were cast ashore at Montmory, but Captain Haley, of this city, telephoned from Wood's Hall tonight that, while the tugboat E. V. McCauley was steaming out to the barge Excelsior, which lies sunk on Handkerchief shoal, he saw positive evidence of the wreck of a large, square-rigged vessel, and recov ered two bodies from a portion of a dismantled hull. Captain Haley stated that while off the Handkerchief lightship the tug passed through a large amount of wreck age, including bales of hemp, broken spars and broken ship timbers. Drift ing in the midst of this was a portion of the wreck, on which the bodies were lashed. It was discovered that the bodies were those of a man and a little girl apparently 12 years old. They were fast in the mizzen chains. The tug quickly headed in the direction of the wreck, and the crew released the bodies, and the tug returned to Wood's Hall, where the news was sent to this city. A later message from Captain Haley stated that the wreckage was fallen in with about five miles north northwest of the Handkerchief lightship. The starboard quarter of the vessel was all that remained intact. The man's body was hanging to the mizzen rigging, tbe child being in his arms. The body was that of Captain Cook, of the Asia, judg ing from a master's certificate found on the clothing of the dead man. The certificate was issued at Weymouth, N. S., to John Cook, and gave the year of the man's birth as 1843. As the tug was ordered away from Wood's Hall, the bodies were later taken ashore and given into the keep ing of the residents to await the med ical examination. The vessel's cargo of hemp was consigned to Henry Pea body, of Salem. The vessel was valued at $25,000, and is thought to be only partially in sured. She was owned by Taylor Brothers, ol St. John's, N. B. DIVERS AT WORK. Several Bodies Taken From the Wreck —The Naval Court. Havana, Feb. 24.—The court of in quiry opened at 10:30 and took a recess at 12:30. Lieuteunant Horn, navigator of the Maine, was examined at the morning session. The court met for the afternoon session at 1:30, and Lieu tenant-Commander Wainwright has been in immediate charge of the wreck since the explosion. Four divers were at work, two in the fore part of the ship and the others aft. The task is most, laborious, and the men are naturally extremely careful, as they have to work in complete darkness, and several have had bad falls. Electric lights from the Mangrove are now available, and much good is expected from them. Nearly all the possible salvage has been made in the cabin aft. Work in the ward and messrooms is frustrated by some unknown obstacle. It is expected to find bodies in these rooms. Two cases of 10-inch ammunition have been found, one having exploded, the other full of powder. They were found for ward. The work of securing the bodies under the hatch has been most difficult, but it is hoped the electric lights will be of great assistance. The bodies are much mutilated and some are partially burned. The officers of the court of inquiry paid another visit to the wreck today. Among the salvage is the tableware and silver service belonging to the Maine. George W. Koebler, of Brooklyn, died today at the military hospital. All the other injured show some im provement. The bodies of 12 firemen have been taken out from under the hatch leading from the superstructure to the fireroom. None were recognized, and all were necessarily dismembered in the course of removal. ; INDEPENDENCE OF CUBA. leading Autonomists Said to Be Nego tiating With Insurgents. Madrid, Feb. 24.—A gloomy tone pervades political circles on the report of a split in the Cuban ministry. The autonomists, Senor.Gubera and Sencr Amblard are, it is believed, really treat ing with the insurgents in direction of independence for Cuba. Senor Govin. the Cuban secretary of ; the in terior, is accused of treason by the Im parcial, "which publishes a facsimile of a letter from Senor Govin to a friend, in which the former says: • * -\ "How could you think that Sagasta, a man inferior to Canovas, and liberal only in name, has inspired my attitude and not my ideas and sentiments aa a Cuban? McKinley, as well as Cuba, will determine whethei I am a Span iard. Long live our country and lib erty!" The Imparcial adds that it predicted a weak ministry in Cuba, and warned Senor Moret. the Spanish colonial min ister, of what was likely to be the oat come of his autonomy scheme. To Raise the Maine. New York, Feb. 24.—The Merritt & Chapman Derrick & Wrecking Com pany today signed contracts with the government to raise the battleship Maine. Their most powerful log, the Monarch, now at New York, will pro ceed at once to Havana. The Monarch will be followed by other tugs, and the work will be begun as soon as possible. Two expert divers with all necessary applioances will accompany the Mon arch. DYING IN THE STREETS Condition of Reconcentrados in Matanzas. RELIEF FUND IS EXHAUSTED Fourteen Thousand Persons in the City Absolutely Without Food—The Autonomists' Latest Move. Santiago, de Cuba, Feb. 25. —While the United States cruiser Montgomery was at Matanzas recently a board of officers was appointed to inquire into the condition of the people in that province. Although the exact terms of the re port are not known, it may be said that in substance it sets forth that there are 14,000 people absolutely without food and clothing within the city limits. About 3,000 of these live in small huts of palm branches. The other 11,000 unfortunates live in the streets of the city and are absolute ly without home or shelter. These 14,000 people are of the laboring class who have been driven into the cities from their country homes, which have been destroyed by the war operations. Most of them are women and children, and they -are emaciated, sick and al most beyond relief, unless they can have the benefit of regular treatment in the hospitals. As it is, they are dying in the streets for want of food. According to statistics gathered from the best official sources, the number of deaths in tbe province of Matanzas from starvation is 59,000, and the number of starving people at present in the province is estimated at 95,000, out of a total population of 253,616' in December, 1897, and the number of starving people is rapidly increasing. In the city of Matanzas alone there have been about 11,000 deaths during the past year and the number is increas ing daily. The death rate at present averages 46 per day, as shown by the reports at the cemetery. The in creased death rate is due to the fate that the distress is no longer confined to the laboring class, most of whom have already perished. It is now ex tended to the people who before the war were in moderately comfortable circumstances. Those now begging in the streets were in large part well-to-do people or children of the well-to-do. The citizens of the city of Matanzas themselves are begging for the actual necessities of life, having exhausted their resources in order to supply the needs of the laboring class who have been quartered upon them. The citizens of Matanzas have an organized system of relief for the starv ing people, but it is entirely inadequate and is daily becoming more glaringly so, for the resources of those who were well-to-do are rapidly diminishing, while the demand for food is constantly increasing. At one of the stations the board of officers found 100 persons starving, this being the actual number of people for which the citizens had been able to provide relief there. Pans of rice and fish were arranged in rows ready for distribution among the people who were waiting in another part of the house. But this relief does not begin to supply the 14,000 people who are starving in the streets, for the citizens are only able to issue food once daily at each place and then to only about 100 at a time. Consequent ly only about 900 of the destitute peo ple receive food in a day. It should be added that a large number of the citi zens of Matanzas have fed the starving in the streets in front of their own homes, but the citizens themselves are feeling the pinch and privation, and unless assistance soon comes to them, they will be compelled, in self protec tion, to cease the work of charity in which they are now engaged and which is seemingly the only salvation for the starving thousands. The only public relief at Matanzas is that given to the sick children by the management of the emergency hospital, which is under direction of the volun teer fire department of Matanzas. There are about 80 children treated daily, furnished with nourishment, un der the direction of the city physicians. These statements are the conclusions, facts and figures arrived at by a board of United States naval officers. When the officers landed, they were constant ly followed by clamoring crowds of starving men, women and children, who importuned them in the most heartrending manner for a little food, for the want of which they were slowly dying. The United States consul at Matan zas has done everything possible under the circumstances, but when the Mont gomery left the consul had only enough rations remaining to last about two weeks. Work at League Island. Philadelphia, Feb. 26. —Imperative orders were issued today to the painters working on the cruiser Minneapolis in the drydock at League island, that they must finish her so that she can be float ed at high tide tomorrow. The force of men has been enlarged and they worked until dusk tonight and will re sume at daylight in the morning. The navy yard was crowded today with men desiring to enlist, but only a few were accepted. An Irrevocable Decision. New York, Feb. 25.—A dispatch to the Herald from Madrid says: As the question of the purchase ot Cuba is again being pushed in Washington it may be of interest to state, on the highest authority, that Spain will never, no matter what government is in power, consider any such sugges tion or any compromise in Cuba beyond the broad measure of autonomy drafted by the liberal government. This is as irrevocable decision. RECOVERING THE DEAD. Special Telegraphic Service Has Been Discontinued. Washington, Feb. 23.—Today's de velopments in th« Maine disaster were of a negative character, greatly to the disappointment of a considerable num ber of persons, who were looking for some startling discovery by the divers working in the sunken hull. What threatened to be another inter national incident growing out of certain alleged utterances by Lieutenant-Com mandei Sobral has been dismissed sum marily as shown by the following state ment given out at tbe department of state: "The department of state learns from the Spanish charge d'affaires that Lieu tenant Commander Sobral, to whom unfavorable utterances respecting the discipline of the United States navy had been attributed in a newspaper in terview, was relieved of his functions as naval attache to the Spanish legation in the United States some time ago, his successor, Lieutenant-Commander Don Ramon Carranza y Reguera having been appointed on the 24th of January last in his capacity." For very obivous reasons, Captain Sigsbee at Havana is making the most strenuous efforts to hasten the recovery of the bodies, probably 100 in number, still imprisoned in the wreck of the Maine. It was a knowledge of the cap tain's desire that probably led Consul- General Lee to inform the navy depart ment of the need of more divers. This had the desired effect, for the navy de partment took action to send more help. Admiral Sicard telegraphed from Key West this afternoon that he had sent ! five divers to Captain Sigsbee and asked jf that was sufficient. The acting chief of the navigation ; bureau, Captain Dickens, at once took i the sensible course of directing the ! admiral to put himself in communica i tion with Captain Sigsbee and learn his needs at first hand. The business of the navy department is getting back to its normal condition, as is evidenced by the fact that an order has been issued to discontinue the special telegraphic : service which was established with Key I West, and hereafter the office at that ! place will close at 10 o'clock at night, I as formerly. Commander Forsythe, the command ! ant at Key West, baa also asked perm is ■ sion of the department to stop his daily ! bulletins, and this has been granted, with an understanding that he will re port any deaths that may occur among : the sufferers in the hospital there. To day he reported that they were all get ting along nicely. The exchange of official condolences still continues. Today, Secretary Long ; sent a telegram as follows to Captain ; Eulate: "Commanding Officer of the Spanish : Cruiser Vizcaya, Tompkinsville, N. Y. J— I have the honor to acknowledge the j receipt of your telegram of condolence for the loss of the Maine and to thank I you for the exreasion of sympathy." A similar response was made to a j cablegram from Vice-Admiral Spann, : at Vienna, expressive of sympathy for the terrible disaster to the Maine. The social courtesies which the gov ernment intended to extend to the offi ■ cers of the Vizcaya have been aban- I doned on acaount of the Maine catas j trophe. As a result the stay of the Vizcaya at i New York probably will be materially | shortened, and she is likely to sail j within the next three days. The ship will probably proceed direct to Havana, not stopping at Charleston or other ports, as had been suggested during the earlier preparations. The Vizcaya will not coal at New York, ac cording to the understanding here, nor will it be necessary for her to take coal before reaching Havana. This deter mination gives relief to the authorities, as the taking of coal in time of public excitement is attended with more or less risk, the coal affording an opportu nity to extremists for the secretion of explosives, despite the utmost precau tion that may be taken. Numerous letters and telegrams have been received at the department from individuals desiring to join the navy, asking to be enlisted immediately. A | telegram was received this morning i from an organization in Detroit, offer ing the imrndiate services of 10,000 citizens of that city in case of war. Patriotic offers also have been received trom other places. Owing to the delicate situation, the board of inquiry, which is now in ses sion, has decided to make nothing ! whatever public. It is not known j what the testimony may develop or j when, and it is only fair to the Span ish government not to tell the public the testimony until all has been re ceived and the findings have been con sidered. Untimely Indignation. Dayton, 0., Feb. 23.—Great indig nation was shown toward the Spaniards today. The National Cash Register j Company is holding a convention of ! agents from all over the world, and ! among other countries Spain ie repre \ sented. In honor of the various na i tions, the different flags were displayed !at the factory. Objection was made to I the Spanish flag by the workmen and 12 Spanish flags displayed about the works were pulled down and torn into shreds. President John H. Patterson, lof the company, ordered 24 Spanish ! flags put up to replace the ones torn down. This made the 2,000 workmen angry, and trouble is feared. New York, Feb. 23.—A dispatch to the World from Havana says: The divers have made only three descents to the wreck of the battle-ship Maine. Captain Sigsbee's state documents were rescued from a private drawer in , his cabin. The keys to the magazines were found just above the hook over the head of the captain's bed, the usual place. They had been floated upward by the rising of the mattress. About 100 of the Maine's heroes are yet in the wreck. NEWS FROM SKAGWAY. Miners and Packers Resist Troops— Several Shooting Affairs. Victoria, Feb. 23.—Three steamers, the Danube, the Thistle and the Tees, returned today from Skagway, each with a few Dawsonites on board. There was very little gold on board and no late news. Passengers from Skagway bring news of a blockade of the Dyea trail by miners and packers, who re sisted the demand of a detachment of United States troops to go over the trail before them. It was feared at Dyea that trouble would arise over the affair. Another shooting affair occurred at Skagway in front of a saloon. Tom Ryan shot and wounded a newcomer, whose name was not given. Ryan was promptly arrested and taken to Sitka for trial. Mike Quinlan, formerly of Minneap olis, has been appointed marshal of Skagway. A jail is being provided. Two men, whose names are not known, were detected robbing a cache at Sheep Camp, and one of them, while trying to escape, turned and fired at his pursuers, who returned his fire and dropped to the ground. Thinking that he had killed them, the fugitive turned the revolver on himself and sent a bullet through his brain. The other man was taken back to Dyea, with a placard on him, setting forth that he was a thief. He was afterward lodged in jail. Complaints are being made at Skag way in relation to the number of men arriving there by each boat without means of subsistence. Among the returning Dawsonites was George Beldon, one of the last men to go up the Yukon last fall. He was one of a syndicate which purchased the little steamer from the Creek mission for $10,000, and made an attempt to reach Dawson, but got only to Circle City, where the boat stuck in the ice. Beldon made his way by dog sled to Dawson and thence to the coast. TO FIGHT FOR THEIR FLAG. British Troops Are Ready to Leave for Africa. London, Feb. 23. —Great activity is manifested at the colonial office in tbe West African department, and among high military officers who are going out to Lagos Hinterland. The latter are inclined to discredit the news which reached the Akassa Niger coast protectorate yesterday to the effect that two French expeditions are advancing towards Sokoto, the capital of the sul tanate of that name, which is within the British sphere of influence, but add that if the news should be confirmed it must be followed by a declaration of war. London, Feb. 23.—The St. James's Gazette, commenting on the West Af rican crisis, says: "If the invasion of Sokoto is directed from Paris, it admits of but one in terpretation. It would appear that the French cabinet, foreseeing revolutions which would be caused by the trial of Zola, had determined to bring affairs in Africa to a crisis to secure a renewal of its popularity." ON AMERICAN SOIL. Another Wonderful Strike Marie in the Yukon District Below Dawson. San Francisco, Feb. 23.—News has reached here from Dawson City of a rich strike on American creek, 130 miles down the Yukon river. The dispatch adds that 75 men left Dawson for the new diggings, which are on American soil, 25 miles across the boundary line. Two Millions in Mines. Tacoma, Feb. 23. —Joseph Ladue, recently from the northern gold fields, say 8: "The North American Transporta tion & Trading Company is the only one now buying claims in the Klon dike. I understand that they are anting as agents for the Rothschilds. I met Mr. Cudahy on the train from Chi cago to San Francisco, and he told me that they had just received $400, --000 in drafts which had been given in payment for claims there. He said the company was acting as agent in purchasing, and I learn that the Roths childs are preparing to spend $2,000, --000 for the purchase of mines. It looks a little as though the great English j banking house would make stupendous efforts to control most of the claims I on the Klondike." Overproduction of Oil. Los Angeles, Feb. 23.—1t is stated that the overproduction of oil in the Los Angeles oil fields at the present time is nearly 500 barrels a day. Drowned Near Victoria. Victoria, B. C, Feb. 23.—Harold Scott, a young Englishman, who lives on one of the adjacent islands, and Fred Smedley were drowned on Satur day by the capsizing of their boat. Federal Court Reversed. Washington, Feb. 23. —In the case of William Q. Rice and others, under indictment in Texas for violating the anti-trust law of that state, the United States supreme court today held that the federal circuit court had interfered in granting a writ of habeas corpus when no proper exigency arose for such interference, and therefore reversed the decision, remanding the prisoners to the custody of the state officials. The court did not enter upon the merits of the anti-trust law. Albuquerque, N. M., Feb. 23.— Central and Southern New Mexico are infested with cattle and sheep thieves, and trouble is anticipated on ranges east and south of this city, for the stockmen are organizing and intend ing to rid themselves of these depreda tors. M. T. Moriarity, a shepraiser in the Chilili vicinity, where there are j over 200,000 sheep, says that the big flocks are being greatly diminished and that the officers appear powerless to stop the lawlessness. PRICE 5 CENTS. COAST IS PROTECTED Vessels of the Navy Within Easy Reach. WHAT SPAIN MIGHT EXPECT In C*te of Hostilities Twenty Warships Could Be Had on the Pacific Coast in a Month. Portland, Or., Feb. 22. —The possi bility of a war with Spain in the near future, has, of course, aroused an im mense interest in the fighting strength of the United States navy, and eapeci ally in this part of the country, what manner of a defense could be made should an enemy send a hostile fleet to the Pacific coast. To a great extent, the immunity of this coast from in vasion would depend upon the strength of the navy which Uncle Sam could master, at short notice. At the present time the Pacific? coast squadron, under the command of Rear-Admiral J. N. Miller, consists of nine warships in ac tive commission. The flagship of the squadron is the armored cruiser Balti more, 10 guns, Captain N. M. Dyer commanding. She is now at Honolulu. Probably the most effective ship in time of war is the battle-ship Oregon, 16 guns, under the command of Cap tain A. H. McCormick. She is now in the drydock at Bremerton, Wash., getting bilge keels put on, but, in case of necessity, she could be put in shape on short notice. Next to the Oregon is the double-turreted monitor Mon terey, four guns, Captain C. E. Clark commanding. The monitor Monadnock, six guns, * under the command of Captain W. H. Whiting, sailed for Magdalena bay from San Francisco, January 29. On her return she will be held at Mare Island in reserve. The Alert, a cruiser of four guns, under Commander E. 11. C. Leutz, is at San Juan del Sur, Nica ragua. Commander Leutz February 8 landed a force to protect American in terests during the revolution. Three gunboats, of six guns each, are scat tered along the coast. The Benning ton, Commander H. E. Nichols, is at Honolulu. The Marietta, Commander S. M. Symonds, is at Libertad. and the Wheeling, Commander U. Sebree, is cruising in Alaska. The Adams, a training ship of six guns, under the commmand of W. C. Gibson, is at Mare Island, Cal. To this formidable list must be added the ships at the Mare Island navy-yard, which could all be put in commission inside of two or three months at the most. The protected curisers Philadelphia and Charleston, of 10 guns eaoh, are the most formidable of these. The gunboat Ranger is also undergoing slight repairs, and the wooden frigates Pensacola and Hartford are being re fitted. This makes a total of 14 war ships, which could be available almost immediately in case of war. ' Besides these, the Asiatic squadron could make the run home in a short time in case of urgent necessity. The Asiatic squadron, under the command , of Commodore George Dewey, comprises six warships. The armored cruiser , Olympia, 14 guns, Captain Charles V. ! Grid ley, commanding, stands at the 3 head of the vessels of this squadron. , She is the flagship, and is now at 5 Yokohama, Japan. The cruiser Bos i ton, eight guns, under Ihe command T of Captain Frank Wildes, is probably the second in fighting strength. She is now at Chemulpo, Corea. The Monocacy, six guns, under the com » mand of Captain O. W. Farneholt, is ' an old gunboat, and will probably be sold as soon as possible. She is at ' Woo Sung, China, and her place will be taken by the Helena, formerly of ' the European station, and under the ; command of W. T. Swinburne. At ' Canton is the gunboat Petrel, four gunf>, under the command of Com mander X P. Wood. The cruiser " Raleigh, 11 guns, under Captain B. ' Coglan, sailed on February 10 from ' Singapore to Hong Kong, and will re -1 main at the latter place for quite a while. The gunboat Concord, six guns, Com i mander A. Walker, completes the list ' of the Asiatic squadron. These ships are all available for use on the Pacific 1 coast and should such heroic measure become necessary at a month's notice, 20 warships could get together for de i fensive purposes.* This is a fleet which I' Spain could not match without con , ! cent rat ing her strength on this coast, which 6he is very unlikely to do. Thus it can be seen that on this side of the United States there is no spe cial cause for fear if wai should break ! out. There is not the least danger of a hostile warship ever getting near enough inland to do any harm. It > would be an act of suicide for a hostile I vessel to enter the Columbia river, un \ less her nation had control of the Pa | cific ocean. Otherwise, she would be : caught like a rat in a trap, and blown to pieces at ease. Woman's Life Crashed Oat. New York, Feb. 22.—Mrs. Arthur Levy, wife of a member of the whole ; eale clothing firm of Hays, Goldberg & Co., was instantly killed tonight in an elevator at the Holland house. i The accident was due to the careless ness of the elvator boy. Secret Mission of a Spanish Officer. El Paso, Tex., Feb. 22.—Much ex ; citement was caused here today by the '■ presence of an officer of the Spanish ■ army. It is said he is on his way to ' the City of Mexico on a secret mission, which is supposed to be to enlist the : services of the Mexican government, in ; the event of trouble between the United States and Spain. The largest printing office in the world is in Wahingotn, D. C; it is for printing government document*. j