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The San Juan islander. [volume] (Friday Harbor, Wash.) 1898-1914, March 24, 1898, Image 4

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88085190/1898-03-24/ed-1/seq-4/

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Use only one heap
ing teaspoonful of
Schilling s Best Bak
ing Powder to>,,a
quart of flour.
You must use tw* teaspoonfuls of other baking powder.'
Good Management and Care Required
to Secure Profits in Butter-Making
—Fruit Trees Should Be Set Out
Karly in the Spring—Farm Notes.
Profit and Loss in Cows..
It takes pretty good management in
feeling and care of stock and in han
dling the milk to secure fair profits on
the butter made, even from the better
grades of cows. But no management,
however skillful and scientific; no ra
tion, however well balanced, can make
the production of butter from a very
large number of the cows, as we find
them on average farms, profitable at
all. Many— great many— the cows
in the country do not fully pay for their
keep. That is a deplorable fact, and
from the study of station and other
reports I find that there are many such
unprofitable cows, even among those
that are considered of good blood, and
among the thoroughbreds. In a table
published by the North Carolina Ex
periment Station, for instance, I find
the results of experiments in keeping
sixteen cows in 1896. Half of these
cows gave a net profit of from $4.52 to
$39.3G a cow, while the other half gave
a net loss ranging from 92 cents to
$15.80 a cow. The value of the butter
was estimated at 25 cents a pound. At
the prices which a large number of
farmers receive for their butter almost
all these cows would have given a net
loss. This shows the great need for
weeding out our dairies. We keep far
too many unprofitable cows. The bulle
tin says on this point:
"From the above notes and the tables
showing condensed record of the cows
on the experiment farm it will appear
plain to every reader that there are
some cows in this herd that do not pay
for their food. This has been apparent
for some time, but some have not been
culled out before the end of the year's
record in order to give time, after the
trouble from epizootic abortion was
over, for cows to resume a normal flow
of milk, thus avoiding hasty judgment
and, consequently, erroneous work. A
strong example in this line of feeding
at cost should set farmers to thinking,
and weighing feed and milk, and using
the Babcock tester in earnest."—Farm
and Fireside.
Setting Out Trees in Spring.
When trees are to be set out in the
spring it is quite an item to get the
work done as early as possible. When
it can be done, everything should be
made ready so that at the first favora
ble opportunity the planting may be
done. Trees never should be set out
when the ground is frozen or too wet
to readily work into good condition.
While trees may grow when properiy
cared for if set out late in the spring,
trees set out earlier will nearly always
do better. In many cases the ground
may be plowed during the winter and,
if needed, a good dressing of manure
given. The orchard can be carefully
planned out and a stake set where each
tree is to be planted. While it Is al
ways advisable to label each tree it is
also a good plan to make a plan of the
orchard on paper, so that in case the
label on the tree gets lost the variety
can readily be identified. Having this
work done in advance will help matters
materially in getting the planting done
in good season. In a well drained or
porous soil in many cases the holes for
the trees may be dug, thus saving still
more time, but in a stiff clay or hard
pan soil this may not always be advisa
ble, as the holes may hold water and
delay rather than help in early plant
ing. :. v .
In planning the orchard give the trees
plenty of room. Better have the trees
a little too far apart than to have them
Stop! Women*

And consider that in addressing: Mrs.
Pinkham you are confiding your private
Ills to a woman —a woman whose ex
perience in treating- woman's diseases
is greater than that of any living phy
sician, male or female.; :■ • - ?->
Yon can talk freely to a woman when
it is revolting to relate your private
troubles to a man; besides, a man docs
not understand, simply because he is a
man. : !l '":' :-':•- ■
. Women suffering from any form of
female weakness are invited to promptly
communicate with Mrs. Pinkharu, at
Lynn,: Mass. All ; letters are f re
ceived, opened, read, and answered by
women only. A woman can ■ freely
talk of her private illness to a woman.
Thus has been established the eternal
confidence between Mrs. Pinkham and
the women of America which has never
been broken. Out of the vast volume
'•'-, of 'experience which she has to draw
* t . from, it is more than possible that she
." has ; gained the very knowledge : that
will help your case. She asks nothing
In return except your good will, and
:.*', her I advice ■. has , relieved I thousands.
Surely any woman, rich or poor, is very
foolish if she does not 5 take advantage
of this trenerous offer of assistance.
IH^ cms TwKeTLiasTTwisr*^^r
HI Best Cona* Syrup. Tastes Good. Use B
Jf^M ■* tii"«-^^l?!'"? l*l**' Bl
crowded. Bunch varieties; that is,
plant all of one variety clos.e together
rather than scatter early, medium and
late varieties promiscuously through
the orchard. For a family orchard a
large number of varieties is needed in
order to secure a supply all through
the year and for all purposes. In a
commercial orchard winter apples pay
best and four or five kinds will be suffi
cient. Trees, like seed, cost, and so
far as can be the planting should be
done under the most favorable condi
tions for securing a good growth.—N.
J. Shepherd, in Farmers' Voice.
New Varieties of Potatoes.
From three to five years are required
to develop seeding potatoes. As the
tendency of potatoes after a few years
of cultivation is to deteriorate, it be
comes necessary to have new varieties
to take their place. Most of the kinds
cultivated twenty years ago are now
superseded by recenit varieties. The in
troduction of the early rose marked a
new era In potato culture. Recent intro
ductions of value are New Queen, Ear
ly Essex. Carman No. 1, Carman No. 3,
Banner. Somerset and Enormous.
Early varieties of potatoes are desir
able to escape the beetle and the blight.
Two other advantages in an early crop
are that the price of potatoes is much
higher than later in the season, and the
land can be used for a second crop of
celery or late cabbage. I also plant
squashes every third row, and get
about as large a yield as if no other
crop had preceded it.—Maine Farmer.
The Bacon Type of Hog.
Good judges say it is difficult to dis
tinguish between bacon hogs on foot
fed in the Canadian method or in that
of this country, but that the difference
in the meat after slaughtering is quite
distinct to any one. The Canadian hog,
fod on ground peas, barley, rye and
shorts, makes leaner bacon, which sells
in England about 4 cents higher per
pound than the corn-fed bacon of the
United States. The time -will come
when reliable feeders of our country
will establish a reputation for their
hogs that will give them an advantage
in price nearly, if not quite, as large as
that given to the Canadian feeder.
Corn feeding will continue just as cer
tainly as corn producing will continue,
and wherever corn is raised it will go
into hogs; but the other feeds with
which the Canadians obtain such su
perior resoilts can also be produced
here and made as profitable, in many
localities, as to feeders in that coun
try. The difference in qualities of dif
ferent bacons, it is now generally con
ceded, Is the result of feeding quite as
much as it Is the result of breeding, and
there will be a» increase in the num
ber of those who will discriminate In
favor of what is coming to be known
as the "bacon" type, and when they
know that they are getting what they
want, will be willing to pay the differ
ence in price for it.—Texas Stock and
Farm Journal.
The Subaoiling Question.
Sub-soiling has always been more or
less of a bugbear to American farmers.
In fact, there are many localities in
which it would not be a very easy mat
ter to find a sub-soil plow, if you wish
ed to see or borrow one. The beet-sugar
and sugar-beet agitation has now
brought the subject to the front. The
capitalists wlio are ready to put their
money into expensive sugar factories
Insist on it that the beet growers sub
soil their land before engaging in beet
culture. It Is well known, and the ex
perience of European beet-sugar mak
ers and beet growers testifies that su
gar beets are very sensitive to the in
fluence of deficiency in moisture, and
under adverse conditions in this respect
will fall to develop the percentage of
saccharine matter that is absolutely
necessary for fullest success in sugar
making. The main root and the root
fibers must have a chance to reach well
down into a stratum of perpetual mois
ture—and this necessity has led to the
practice of sub-soiling beet lands. Of
course, where the sugar-beet Is thus
benefited, other crops will reap some
benefit also, and, Indeed, there are a
large proportion of our soils which it
would pay as well to subsoil, whether
we grow sugar beets or other crops.—
Farm and Fireside.
A New Milk Process.
A process has beer invented In
France for the sterilization of all fer
mentable liquids by means of compress
ed oxygen. The liquids, in a closed ves
sel, are subjected to a current of gase
ous oxygen, proportioned in volume to
the quality and quantity of liquid to
be sterilized. The inventor claims that
by this process milk can be kept indefi
nitely. He is enabled to prepare a very
healthful and agreeable drink, "cham
pagnized" milk. The milk must first
be skimmed. Then the necessary sweet
ening and the desired flavor added. The
whole is placed in a closed vessel and
sterilized by a current of oxygen gas,
then "champagnized" by the introduc
tion of the necessary amount of car
bonic acid gas. The result Is a re
freshing, healthful drink which keeps
fresh indefinitely.—Portland Tran
Protecting Trees fro«i Mice.
When there is snow in orchards mice
are liable to do much damage unless
pretty close watch is kept. Wherever
a mouse has been working set a trap
and catch him when he comes again.
A bit of toasted cheese will tempt him
from apple bark every time. If the
tree Is badly girdled cut grafts from
the limbs of the same trees and insert
them in both the upper and lower por
tions of bark around the cut so that a
I union may be effected. Both will grow
together, • ~ *
Eleven Men Were Burned to Death la
the Flames.
New York, March 15.—Eleven men
lost thekr lives in the fire which swept
the Bowery mission lodging-house tbis
morning and left it a blackened shell.
Their bodies are so charred that most
of them may never be recognized. The
dead are supposed to be:
Ellas Cuddy, 29 years old, address
not known.
John Moran, Stapleton, S. I.
McDermott, 29 years old, address not
James O'Rourke.
James Soden, of Spottswood, N. J.
Six bodies unidentified.
No. 105 Bowery is one of the best
known lodging-houses on that thorough
fare. It is called the Bowery mission
lodging-house, and is conducted by the
Christian Herald. In one part of the
building there is a cheap restaurant.
The second floor is used exclusively for
mission purposes, gospel meetings be
ing held there daily. The two upper
floors were fitted up as cheap lodgings,
with accommodations for 150 males,
who paid 10 to 25 cents each, accord
ing to the location of the room.
Last night almost every bed was was
occupied. At 1:30 o'clock this morn
ing, one of the lodgers discovered flames
coming from a washroom on the third
floor, out before he had time to alarm
the house, the fire was noticed by per
sons on the street. By this time the
flames had eaten their way to the top
of the building, and were bursting
through the roof when the alarm was
given and the inmates aroused. Wild
scenes of excitement ensued. Many of
the lodgers became panic-stricken.
They rushed into the halls and fell
over each other in their efforts to reach
the streets. Those on the lower floors
got to the streets safely by the stair
ways, while those on'the upper floors
groped their way through the blinding
smoke to the fire escape in front of the
building. A majority of them 6aved
only portions of their clothing, while
several of them were naked. Those
who made their way to the streets by
the fire escapes were superficially
burned by the excessive heat of the
iron ladders, which in many places had
become redhot from the flames within.
The firemen saved many lives.
fte Believes That Annexation Will Ulti
mately Succeed.
San Francisco, March 15. — The
steamer China which left Hong Kong
February 12 and Honolulu February
24, arrived today, bringing these Ha
waiian advices:
President Dole returned to Honolulu
the morning of the 4th. After a cabi
net meeting held immediately npon hia
arrival he was interviewed by a press
representative. He spoke very frankly
on matters pertaining to his mibsion to
"Yes, I shall be very glad indeed to
tell the people anything I may know
relative to annexation," said the presi
dent. "The Maine disaster absorbed
the attention of the statesmen in Wash
ington previous to my departure for Ha
waii. When that has quieted down
interest in Hawaiian annexation will
be paramount in congress. When I
was in Washington I met many friendi
of Hawaii. They feel confident that
annexation will come. While there
was a doubt whether the treaty would
secure the required political votes in
the senate, still it was the concensus
of opinion that a joint resolution would
carry in both houses. I place much
reliance in what was said to me by sen
ators and representatives who are fight
ing for Hawaii, for I know them to be
working faithfully and earnestly."
"What is Speaker Reed's attitude?"
"When I was in the American capi
tal I learned that he has always opposed
annexation, although he has made no
demonstration against the treaty. My
impression of President McKinley?
Well, I will reply that it is extremely
favorable. I found him to be an unas
suming, frank and sterling man. He
seems to have set his heart and soul on
the annexation treaty.
"Our reception was extremely cor
dial and hospitable. All along the
line to and from Washington throngs
of people came to see me. We shook
bands, and in many instances I was
obliged to speak briefly from the car
platform. It was from these , people
that I gathered the impression that the
addition of Hawaii was the popular
•entimerit throughout the land." .
Klondike™ Could Not Get in by the
. ' , : Stickeen Route.
Port Townsend, . March 15.—The
steamer Cottage City, which arrived
from Alaska tonight, brought' a num
ber of passengers from Port Wrangel,
who have given up the attempt to get
into the Yukon : country by way of the
Stickeen route. Among them was A.
L. Brown, of Massachusetts, who suc
ceeded in getting about 40 miles above
Wrangel with his outfit before the
depth of the snow stopped further
progress. Mr. Brown says about 1,000
men with their outfits are snowed in
between Wrangel and Glenora.
Philadelphia, March —Over $6,
--000 was realized for the fund of the
wounded survivors and the families of
those killed on the battle-sihp Maine
by a monster | theatrical matinee given
at the academy of music.
Insane Woman's Suicide. - „*
: Pittsburg, March 15. —While insane
through § illness, f and grieving over, the
death of a favorite niece, Margaret Me-
Adams, wife Vof G. W. McAdams, a
well-known c business man, *~ drowned
herself '! in the Ohio river. The ; bo4y
was found by her 14-year-old ; son, an
only child. ■ , -
■■' Traffic on : the railroads between
Tienstin and - Pekin j has increased so
muh that a double track must > be ; laid
at once.
' - ■■' APi Iron Famine. "
London, March 15.—The iron trad*
has been considerably stirred by an ar
ticle in the ; Statist pointing out that
the exports and j home consumption of
iron have exceeded i the whole output of
th United Kingdom by nearly 500,000
tons, and predicting a pig-iron '| famine
before , the 'end 7 of the year. , The
Statist concludes: "Them is a prob
ability that we may have to fall back
upon America at no I distant time to
make ; good oar deficient ■■: supply—on
America, once our largest buyer of pig
aid finished material*."
bSKSL^. .■' - • ' .. . _ . - .- ..
Trade Conditions in the Leading Cities
of the World.
The wheat traders are kept busy
these days watching Leiter and Ar
ifcour, and are unable to see their way
3learly in May. They have given up
fighting Leiter, and if he is to have
any scrimmage it will be with Armour.
The latter has been buying in the
Northwest and Southwest, and will
bring 900 cars of wheat from the North
west to Chicago. Last week he was
the seller of May. There was also
liquidation by holders here and in the
Northwest, the latter being closely
identified with Armour. Shorts in the
Northwest have been covering, some
large lines having been taken. No one
but scalpers has the temerity to sell
May short, and they do not stand long,
as they know that Leiter controls it,
and can put the price where he desires.
The attention of the trade is attracted
to the July and September. There is a
disposition to discount the effects ol a
possible large crop here and in Europe
this year by sellling the new crop
futures at the wide difference under
May. Those who have been bulls on
May, if they are in the market at all,
are selling July and September. The
former has the preference, but there is
more risk in selling it, owing to the
crop uncertainties. Some traders on
July at 90c think that September at
78c is about on a right basis. On the
other hand some very good traders
who have been and are still long on
May are bearish on September and be
lieve it should be sold on all bulges.
They are afraid of the short side of
July, but think the September a safe
sale at 12c under the July. No one is
selling May wheat now except Armour
and those who have case stuff to de
liver. The shorts are getting out, and
the market is narrowing so that the
speculative shortage by the first of May
is liable to be very small. Those who
have the wheat bought will get the
cash stuff in May. As Chicago is the
highest market in the country, May
wheat here being 5c over New York
and Baltimore, 4%c over St. Louis,
6 3-8 c over Toledo, 6%0 over cash
wheat in Minneapolis and Duluth, it is
natural that wheat should be drawn
from other than the regular sections
and shipped to this market.
Portland Market.
Wheat—Walla Walla, 75 @ 77c; Val
ley and Bluestem, 78 @ 80c per bushel.
Flour —Best grades, $3.85; graham,
|3.40; superfine, $2.35 per barrel.
Oats—Choice white, [email protected]; choice
gray, 33 @ 34c per bushel.
Barley—Feed barley, [email protected] 18.50;
brewing, $20 per ton.
Millstuffa—Bran, $18 per ton; mid
dlings, $23; shorts, $18.
Hay—Timothy, $12.50; clover, $10
@11; Oregon wild hay. [email protected] per ton.
Eggs—Oregon, 11 @ 12c per dozen.
Butter—Fancy creamery, 45 @ 50c;
fair to good, [email protected]; dairy, [email protected]
per roll.
Cheese—Oregon full cream, 12^c;
Young America, [email protected]
Poultry—Chickens, mixed, [email protected]
3.50 per dozen; hens, $3 [email protected];
geese, [email protected]; ducks, [email protected]
6.00 per dozen; turkeys, live, [email protected]
per pound.
Potatoes—Oregon Burbanks, [email protected] 50c
per sack; sweets, [email protected] per cental.
Onions—Oregon, $2.25 @ 2.60 per
Hops—l 4 @ 16c per pound for new
3rop; 1896 crop, [email protected]
Wool —Valley, [email protected] 16c per pound;
Eastern Oregon, [email protected]; mohair, [email protected]
22c per pound.
Mutton—Gross, best sheep, wethers
and ewes, 4c; dressed mutton. 7c;
3pring lambs, s>£c per pound.
Hogs—Gross, choice heavy, $4.25;
light and feeders, [email protected]; dressed,
|[email protected] per 100 pounds.
Beef—Gross, top steers, [email protected]
3.75; cows, [email protected]; dressed beef, 6>£
@7c per pound.
Veal—Large, [email protected])£c; small, [email protected]Bc
per pound.
Seattle Market.
Potatoes—Yakimas, $14 per ton;
natives, [email protected]; sweets, 2c per pound;
box of 60 pounds, $1.
Butter—Fancy native creamery,
brick, 27c; ranch, 22 (323 c; dairy, 18
@22c; lowa fancy creamery, 25c.
Cheese —Native Washington, 12 @
13c; Eastern cheese, Y2>%v.
Eggs—Fresh ranch, 15c; California
ranch, 140.
Meats—Choice dressed beef steers,
8c; cows, [email protected] I% c; mutton, B>£c; pork,
7c; veal, small, 80.
Poultry—Chickens, live, per pound,
hens, [email protected]; dressed, 14c; turkeys,
live, 12c; dressed, 16c
Fresh Fish—Halibut, [email protected]; steel
heads, [email protected]; salmon trout, 10c; floun
ders and sole, 3(3 4c; torn cod, 4c; ling
cod, [email protected]; rock cod, sc; smelt, 2%%
4c; herring, 30.
Olympia oysters, per sack, [email protected]
Corn —Whole, $23; cracked, per ton,
$23; feed meal, $23 per ton.
Barley—Rolled or ground, per ton,
$23; whole, $22.
Flour—Patents, per barrel, [email protected]
4.50; straights, $4.00; California
brands, $4.65; Dakota brands, [email protected]
$5.75; buckwheat flour, $6.
Millstuffs—Bran, per ton,sl7; shorts,
per ton, [email protected] . . . " '
; Feed—Chopped feed, $18 20 per
ton; middlings, per ton, $24; oil cake
: meal, per ton, $35." -',* '*:-_•/
: - —Puget * Sound, new, per ton,
$12 14; Eastern Washington timothy,
$18; alfalfa, $12; straw, $7. ;"■ :;>
"Wheat—Peed wheat, per ton, $23. •
Oats—Choice, per ton, $23.
■•;,.■■ 'v-':' San Francisco Market. * ■■'• -
: I Wool—Nevada^ [email protected]; Oregon, 12
@ 14c;' Southern coast lambs, [email protected] r
Hops—[email protected])^o per pound.
; i Millstuffs — Middlings, $2060;
California bran, $16.00 16.50 per ton.
: Onions—Silverskins. $2.40 2. 75 per
cental. '
y Eggs—Store, T lie; ranch," 11 % @
12^c. 1
; Cheese—Fancy mild, new, 9>^b; old,
9c per pound. .
Jj Butter— creamery. 18J£c; do
seconds, 17)£c; ~ fancy ! dairy, : 17c; good
: to choice, 15 @ 16c per pound.:... >'/ iC
Fresh Fruit—Apples, 40 @ 65c per
large box; grapes, [email protected]; s Isabella,
6075 c; i peaches, [email protected]$l; pears, 75c
@$lper box; plums, 20 35c. '"'■-
J ; Potatoes—Early Rose, 65 @ 75c. ,
Citrus Fruit—Oranges, navels, $1.25
@3.00; Mexican limes, [email protected] 6.00;
California lemons, choice, $2.25; do
common, [email protected] per box.
"^Hay—Wheat, $16® 19.76; wheat and
oat, [email protected]; oat, [email protected]; best
barley, $16.60; alfalfa, $10.60®
11; clor«r, $119 It.
How Bakers Cheapen the Coat ok
Their Floar.
A report comes from St Louis to the
effect that corn is extensively used
as an adulterant of wheat flour and
also as a substitute for barley malt by
brewers, says the Milwaukee Sentinel.
The millers of St. Louis are said to have
declared that manufacturers of wheat
flour will be either driven out of the
market in the course of time or forced
to adulterate their product in order to
meet the competition that surrounds
them. Corn flour is, it seems, being
produced on a very large scale, and
the only mills showing an increase of
business this year are those manufac
turing exclusively corn products, all of
which show an enormous increase.
They are turning out not only corn
flour made from grits but a new flour
made from corn starch, which is said
to be very white and finely ground, so
jthat It lends itself particularly well to
use as an adulterant. Corn flour has
been sold as low as 70 cents a hun
dred pounds, so that it is quite an ob
ject to bakers and manufacturers to
use it. The bakers are said to be doing
the greater part of the adulterating in
order to cheapen the cost of their flour.
In the manufacture of crackers and
that class of bakery goods the adulter
ated article is said to be most exten
sively used.
The brewers figure as the largest
purchasers of corn products. Corn
flakes are substituted for barley malt,
producing excellent results, while the
expense of making beer is lessened and
the process is said to be less trouble
some. The beer that is adulterated
-with corn is more palatable, but it is
not as wholesome as the pure article.
There Is no reason to doubt the truth
of these reports concerning the use of
corn as an adulterant. It would l>e
strange If its introduction into the flour
and beer trade had been prevented,
considering the magndture of the corn
crop and the great effort that has been
made to utilize it. It is, however, un
fortunate that it cannot find a legiti
mate field, instead of eomlng into trade
as an adulterant. Whatever gain it may
show at present from this cause is
likely to be temporary, for the consum
ers are clearly entitled to protection
from adulterations, and are bound to
receive it. It is no more fair that flour
and bread should be bought as made
of whole wheat when they are a mix
ture of corn and wheat than it is that
filled cheese should be bought as full
cream cheese. It is best that the pur
chaser shall be sure that what he is
buying is exactly what it purports to
be. A law r that compels millers and
bakers to sell genuine goods will un
doubtedly be demanded and passed in
the course of time. A similar law re
lating to beer will undoubtedly also
find its way upon the statute books.
The Sugar Beet Industry.
From the last annual report of the
largest beet sugar factory in (Culmsee,
Prussia) Germany, we learn that 140,
--340 long tons of beets were converted
into sugar for the season of 1890-97.
The average cost per gross ton of beets
was $4.20. The cost of conversion was
$1.40 per ton. The capital of the com
pany owning the factory Is 1,300,000
marks, about $325,000. The total net
profit for the year was 171,354 marks.
A. dividend of 12 per cent., amounting
to 150,000 marks, was paid, leaving 15,
--354 marks to be carried to surplus ac
With an average yield of twelve and
one-half tons of beets per acre, the
factory consumed the product of nearly
12,000 acres. The growers received an
average of $52.50 per acre for beets
delivered at the works. The average
return to the grower for wheat or corn
of Ohio does not exceed $9 per acre.
Raw sugar Is worth more to the refiner
In this country than in Germany,, there
fore he can well afford to pay a higher
price for beets than the German re
finer. For many years to come sugar
beets will yield a better return to the
producer than cotton, corn, or wheat.
Two million acres of beets at $50 per
acre return to the farmer $100,000,000,
while two million acres ' of wheat or
corn return only $20,000,000 at ■ie
most. ■ •."-."■.'..;;■-■' ■./:/..:' - ".*
How long shall we continue to ex
port the product of 10,000,000 acres of
corn and wheat to pay for the sugar
products of 2,000,000 acres of ■■ sugar
beets in Europe?— York Sun.
Some Things About Alaska.
Alaska Is two and one-half times as
large as Texas.
It is eight times as large as all 'of
New England. -
It is as large as the South, including
Texas. .-■;■■;;'; -1: ■;■:-'. --; : _ -•: ;._: , : ,,;
It is as large as all of the States east
of the Mississippi and north of the
Ohio, including; Virginia % and West
Virginia. . . .'-"".' iM??K£M PM
It makes San Francisco east of our
center. -■'..'■■''^■', '■.■• ' »
; Its coast line Is 26,000 miles. '.-. ;
It has the highest mountain In North
! America. ;V;.» J'.';;■ ; - ":;;V-. . \ ' ';'.■- ' :'•■
';: It has the only forest-covered glacier
In the world. "' *- . '-""-,"
I '- It I has - the } best yellow cedar In the
! world. "*" . .
; It has the greatest seal fisheries.
It has cod banks that beat Newfound-
I land. _":'■'■■ -'.!"^ : :\/:':' v-;^;/: ■■■'.; ;\ ".'.' —
;-•■ A Forcible Stop. ~
j " A paper in a neighboring : State was
! ordered ,to stop a;" subscription, and it
facors the public with the letter, which
Is las follows: "Bryson '} I ■.■ rote you Vto
stop my paper I want you to stop it I
am getting : enough of your , scheme to
make me take your paper I state once
more 21 i : don't want; your dog gon old
paper the post Mrs. has notified you and
she has got record of it and if yo don't
stop the dam \ thing i will 5 give you a
piece }of my mind. *4 Stop : ; that '[ paper I '
haven't taken none of them out of the
: ofes." A newspaper has little effect on
this stripe of Ash tabula Stand
ard. -
To Nip a Sneeze.
A medical paper says a sneeze Is in
stantaneously dispelled by pressing the
finger upward against the division of
the nose at the point where the upper
lip inside Joins the gum. Another plan
Is to exhale all the air possible from the
lungs the moment you perceive indica
tions of a sneeze.
Prescriptions are often -worth their
weight in gold—to the physician, the
druggist and sometimes toe under
Mothers. Chlldren.Wlves, Sweethearts! Made to order from
A A »«r kind of pbotorrftpta. FMtens like* brooch. An artist,,..
1$ elegant present, a beautiful souvenir, rueful, durable, i ne £
1 panslvp. Send any size or kind of ' "^^^mm^^
1; photo with name and address B^
■ | plainly I written 'on :t back, which Ms3^M -. -
I J will be returned to you unharmed g i^
I' or disfigured in any manner. * - ~s^M Ht
H V ■'■;■-■ - Large ■lie, like cut, one for VV. MM
Hi V $ three - for ? fit? Including a 14 K. > SB
HfSfll f rolled gold enameled brooch. r?««f| ■ ■■
« B7 . Smalt sice, one for 25c, three for J BBBBBBBV
B 7 «V. Hand painted 55c each extra. WHHHHMHV
BT Owing to the special low price 'A- WBHBBHBT
Br '.'-:■:' we are making, to introduce these . W V
V goods, we must: invariably have V V
rash with the order. We solicit '^BJV
correspondence. Send stump for .^^ss»«^^
Exact Ottf. highly illustrated catalogue, - Exact Size.
SALESLADIES and SALESMEN wanted, 15 per week and expenses.. No experience necessary
OUR GUARANTEE : If good* are not satisfactory, money will be refunded, or new
photos furnished. Estimates furnished from one dozen to one million.
Carronsel for Bicycles.
Ordinary bicycles can be used in a
new style of carrousel, which has a per
manent circular guide rail, which car
ries sliding brackets, having projec
tions, in which the bicycle frames can
be locked to hold them in an upright
position to be propejled around the
We all know what toothache is, with the j
nagging, jumping, throbbing of a single
nerve in a single tooth. Now when we
come to reflect that a system of nerves
concentrated in some part of the body are ,
all aching at once, with their throbs and"
pulsations of pain, we know what the worst
form of neuralgia is. It is very common,
very violent, simply because it is very
often, like toothache, allowed to take its
own course. Now it is known as a fact
that when St. Jacobs Oil is used on the
parts affected, with patient application, the
pain will succumb and relief will certainly
follow. This is true of acute or chronic
cases, founded upon the testimony of many
who have been cured of the worst form.
Sea weeds do not draw nourishment
from the soil at the bottom of the sea,
but from the matter held in solution
in sea water.
No one need go to Paris now to see all that
is marvelous in hypnotism. In the hypnotic
wards of many hospitals of this country are
hypnotic subjects that a mere glance, it is
said, throws them into the trance state. But
in order to overcome that obstinate kidney
trouble, the persistent use of Hostetter's Stom
ach Bitters is necessary. Use it also systemat
ically lor malarial,bilious dyspeptic, rheumatic
and nervous diseases.
"You don't mean to say, Jones, that
you paid f 150 for that suit?" "Well,
I should say not. I had it charged."
A fter being swindled by all others, send us stamp
for particulurs of King Solomon's Treasure, the
ONI.Y renewer of manly strength. MASON
CHEMICAL CO., P. O. Box 747, Philadelphia, Pa.
A well-known Kansas City preacher
says that his chief ambition in youth
was to become a pirate.
Allen's Foot-Ease, a powder for the feet.
It cures painful, swollen smarting feet and.
instantly takes the sting out of corns and
bunions. It's the greatest comfort discov
ery "of the age. Allen's Foot-Ease makes
tight-titting or new shoes feel easy. It is a
certain cure for chilblains, sweating, damp,
callous and hot, tired aching- feet. ,>. We
have over 10,000 testimonials of cures.' Try
it today.. Sold by all druggists and shoe
stores. By mail for 25c. in stamps. Trial
package FKEE. Address Allen 8. Olm
sted, Le Roy, N. V. ; _
When civilization reaches the perfect
standard barbers will not eat garlic.
C|Ts Permanently Cured. No fits or nervousnes
illY after first day's use of Dr. Kline's Great
Nerve Restorer. Send for XMUfiK SS.OO trial
bottle and treatise. DR. B. H. KLINE, ltd., »30
Area street, Philadelphia, Pa,
Whistling is practically unknown
among the Icelanders, who regard it as
irreligious and a violation of . the di
vine law.
ONE bnjoys
Both the * method and results when
Syrup of Figs is taken; it is pleasant
and refreshing to the taste, and acts
gently yet promptly on the Kidneys,
Liver and Bowels, cleanses the sys
tem effectually, dispels colds, head
aches and fevers and cures habitual
constipation. Syrup of Figs is the
only > remedy of its kind ever pro
duced, pleasing to the taste and ac
ceptable to the stomach, prompt in
its action and truly beneficial in its
effects, prepared only from the most
healthy and agreeable substances, its
many excellent qualities commend it
to all and have made it the most
popular remedy known.
Syrup of Figs is for sale in 50
cent bottles by all leading drug
gists. Any - reliable druggist I who
!. may not have it on hand will pro- ■
; cure * it promptly for any one '■■ who:
wishes to try it. v Do not accept any
if Ik* T3OWER
;:: ■ -*- ...for...
f! - >lfaSjl|^HH;: DD/\I-?l'T* iS»
?! !{ >'|p| j^^^^ •'-■ Power that will save you money and ''< •
1< ► . I II Cl A, make yon money. Hercules Engines JI
;! < ► v^mißl^^^^m are the cheapest power known. Burn £ ;
1!: I t—Mm ■ 6aßoUne or Distillate Oil; no smoke, <m ■
!- PJ^Mal^y^t^ pumping, running | !
' 1 '-lIIJWM A M dairy or farm auchinery, they have no ♦;;
|! ;: :V:I i| LW# equaL Automatic in action, perfectly «m >
;">■: lkl If iafe and reliable. - .-.. <" >
11 < «^B '* r 'Seid for illustrated catalog. s .-. ** I
B Hercules Gas \\ :
JTv*^.:^^al ■■■■■■■■■■■■^5 ' ' Engine Works ■■■■-■■■'" \V>
■ S^™^J *!ir;r'' » #• •" ••" - Iii1 JK*Uvffi"rj"* <»J.-..".'■ M '
Hercoh* Spedai . j;;
f2# actual honepowir) Bay St, San Francisco, Cal. < N -
BB^??iiirii'iiiiiniiiiiVi'iiHin»»im !
The Pope's Paris Property.
The pope has just become a Parisian
landlord. As the result of a lengthy
litigation before the tribunal of Limo
ges Leo XIII becomes the owner of one
of the finest private residences in Pans
—the Hotel da Piessis-Beliere, on the
Place de la Concorde. The hotel, to
gether with a chateau and lands, waa
hequeathed to the Vatican by the late
Marquis, de Piessis-Beliere. The heira
contested the legacy, and for some
time it seemed that they would win,
as the constitutionality of the pope
owning property in France seemed
We are asserting in the courts our right to the
exclusive use of the word "CASTOKIA," and
" PITCHER- S CASTORIA," as our Trade Mark.
I, Dr. Samuel Pitcher, of Hyannis, Massachusetts,
was the originator of " PITCHER'S CASTORIA,"
the same that has borne and does now bear the
facsimile signature of CHAS. H. FLETCHER on
every wrapper. This is the original "PITCHER'S
CASTORIA " which has been used in the homes
Of the mothers of America for over thirty years.
Look Carefully at the wrapper and see that it is
the kind you have always bought, and has the
signature ;of ; CHAS. H. FLETCHER on the
wrapper. .No one has authority from me to use
my name except The Centaur Company of which
Chas. H. Fletcher is President.
March 8, 1897. SAMUEL PITCHER, M.D,
My. doctor said I would die, but Piso's
Cure for 1 Consumption cured me.—Amos
Kelner, Cherry Valley, 111., Nov. 23, '95.
Strength of Nerve, Vitality, En
ergy, Vigor, Vim and Bounce
; —Are given into the system by-
It is a nerve tonic—an invigorant, builds up
vital energy and make* manhood complete. If
you are weak read Dr. Sanden's new book
"Three Classes of Men," it is worth {100 to any
weak man. It is free by mail or at the office.
Call or address r/s
553 West Washington St., Portland, Or.
. Please mention this Paper.
grow paying cropa because they're
fresh and always the beat. For
sale everywhere. Refuse substitutes.
Stick to Ferry's Seeds and prosper.
1888 Seed Annual free. Write for it
0. M. FERRY* CO., Detroit, Mich.
f !•••■•••••>»••■■•»•■■•• \
iii-;..«S FOR 14 CENTS ;
.^DL .^^ We wt«h to gain 150,000 new en»- | |
1 |Rur tomerg, ana hence offer , ,
tH HsT^ 1 Pkg. Day Radish, Mo |
IWt I Pkg. Emlt Spring Turnip, 100
I ■■■ 1 " Earliest Red Beet, 10c I '
1 1 MUUB^sV 1 " Bismarck Cucumber, 10c I <
I flMs^sV 1 " Qneen Victoria Lettuce, 16c (
, fIU If 1 "* - Klondyke Melon, 100,
■M 1 "" - • Jnmbo Giant Onion, 15c ,
Ifl ■# * " Brilliant Flower Seeds, lie
] [ |Pl Worth • !.©•, for 14 eeata. {
I 1 MM ■ Above 10 pkg«. worth CI.OO, we will (
1 WDm fll mail you free, together with our ,
■I flj (Teat Plant and Seed Catalogue ,
1 IV SB upon receipt of this notice and Me. ]
I ■ ■ postage. We inrite your trade and '
I flj fl| know when yon once try Salzer's <
I *■ i flK^aeedsyon wilfneTer (jet along with- (
■V^flJjß out them. Potatoes at 81.50 {
fli HP a Bbl. Catalog alone 6c. No.p.C (
■■■■■>•———— ■■■•■•••
',-..'... a--1 --'' '.-^;. — ~ —: . —: ' —' '
I■f 11 ■■ ■ am* - •.. Make money by snecesf ul
HI U t II 'T\ speculation in Chicago. We
.WW nril I buy *nd sell wheat on mar
-11 lllsjll I gins. Fortunes have been
made on a small beginning by trading in fu
tures. Write for full particulars. Best of ret
erence given. * Several years' experience on the
Chicago Board of Trade, and a thorough know
ledge of the business. Send for our free refer
ence book. ■ DOWNING, HOPKINS 4 Co.,
Chicago Board of Trade 1 Brokers. Offices in
Portland, Oregon and Seattle, Wash.
I UUII LI ILI I Keep it Right.
I Moore's Revealed Remedy will do it. Three
doses will make you feel better. Get it from
I your druggist or any wholesale drug house or
from Stewart & Holmes Drug Co., Seattle.
INDIAN WARS Write for infor
mation Important to •nrvivor* and widow* "'
Indian war veterans. TABEB A WHITMAN CO.,
[ Pension and Patent Attorneys, Washington, D. <-•
i TiATlfl for tracing and locating Gold or Silver
I Kill IS Ore. lost or buried treasures. M. «••
[ AlVl/U yoWLgK.Box337,Soothlngton.Conn 1
M. P. N. P. ■■•..■-.-•■■■■:.:-.-.: Sa. 19' >98!
WBIN writing; to advertisers please
IVY mention tnls paper.

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