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Throat Trouble Overcomes Him
ne y Trust Investigators Gain
I jttle by Following Financier
io Southern Retreat.
tpkvl island, -"A spasm of the
. t that left William Rockefeller a
JJ-ling trembling old man, on the
He of nervous collapse, abruptly
-nited his examination by Chair
terujo nP and Counsel Samuel Unter
ert of the house money trust com
mf.ee Rockefeller was asked just four
fIU ; c tions. all practically immaterial,
1 ■';■_,. he attack forced the conclusion
f ° the hearing. The aged Standard
nil magnate was closeted with the
ommitteemen for only 12 minutes
v the end of the time he was assisted
f 0 his couch by Dr. Walter F. Chap
elle, his physician, who declared his
Ljent exhausted. , •'•' '-'.--I-..
In Mr. Rockefellers' apartment in
the Sans Souci Club, on the isolated
i-land occupied by that exclusive mil
lionaires' club, the 72-year-old Stand
ar j oil magnate submitted to the
auestions. There ended the six
months' search of the government pro
cess servers, who sought the reluctant
witness from New York to the Ba
hamas and who laid siege to his New
York home. . ' , :
The net result of the examination,
so far as the money trust investigation
was concerned, added practically noth
ing of value to the record.
UNITED STATES CAN LEARN
American Officer, Home Fron Far
East, Draws Conclusions.
Washington, D. C—Major Munroe
McFarland, Twenty-ninth United
States Infantry, has arrived in New
York after nearly three months of
special duty at the scene of the war in
the Near East.
Although Major McFarland had am
ple credentials, the Bulgarian army
did not recognize them to the extent
of permitting him to go anywhere
near the battles. He took a horse
back ride from Belgrade down through
Macedonia to Salonika. He visited
Kumanova and Monastir and studied
the organization, tactics and methods
of entrenchment used by the Servian
and Bulgarian armies. ' .
The Major thinks that the present
fighting will not amount to much and
that the war will soon be over. Al
though his position disqualified him
from expressing an opinion as to who
would be the victor, he said that his
study had shown him that the Ameri
can army can learn much from the
work that has been done in actual
warfare by the armies of the allies.
Women Manage Apple Sale.
Chicago—Club women who recently
conducted an egg sale . went into the
apple business and it was announced
that about 30,000 barrels had been dis
posed of. The sale will continue.
The apples were on sale in about
half the grocery stores of Chicago.
No money was invested by the women,
but they arranged the buying and sell
ing prices and took orders for apples,
In only a few cases were inferior
foods offered or prices higher than
those agreed to asked.
Apples were sold at less than the
Pnce which has been asked for them
by retail dealers in the last few
weeks. Many apples are said to be in
cold storage awaiting a rise in prices
and it was this condition which caused
«ie women to start the sales.
Turks Report No Reverses.
Constantinople— An official dispatch
sued here says: "The enemy con
ges its movements along the Tcha
w'ja lines Several encounters have
occurred during these operations, all of
»em ending in the retirement of the
™emy. An engagement near Palaia
ti o eloped into a somewhat severe bat
"- The warship Idjlalios bombard
on ? T my from Biyuk Chekmodyo,
the Sea of Marmora. The bom
-2r ens Of Adrianople' continues
4rt a ant''y 'bUt the dama> ™"
Koumania Will Negotiate.
manS are St't ' Rou™nia- The. Rou
nan government has instructed its
wrtoßul^ia to arrange are-
JPtionofthe negotiations between
mana'°r nt/ ie. in regard to Rou
maSL "rr.ltorial claims The Rom
the IS m-mster wiH urge onißulgaria
to a f SIi yof bnngjng the matter
mania? 6 y conclusion. The Rou-
Cvf m is to a strip of territory
Black Sea 6Xtend her cast line on the
gt Dollar Goes Unwrapped. i[
parcel °^''~~ silver dollar sent by
Louis STsLffl aS receiv«* at the St."
placed Stoffice- The stamp was
address , °n f e side of the coin and the
as glued \Tlu n on a -Piece of paper,
lar 4 sITv the °ther side. - The dol-
Yuk °n ok, a y t ¥■• L* Addington,of
ter>^^visUing She;e earlddaUgh-
Who w visiting here. ■■■/:
Heie. a Spend $50,000 at Fair.
*<*tCip^intThe " senate of the
? !tt of th l Ute sittiPS- as a com
bly the bill Whole» sported favora
iM«ntani apP^Pria«ng $50,000 for
1 St the Panama"
TURKS MAKE GOOD DEFENSE
Adrianople Prepared for Long and
London—The Turks remain on the
defensive at Tchatalja and Adrianople. I
The Adrianople fortress replies only
feebly to the Bulgarian bombardment,
and apparently no attempt has been
made in the way of a sortie.
A bombardment of Adrianople, de
scribed as terrific, was begun Monday
night, the Bulgarians and Servian
troops investing the place being esti
mated to number 100,000. Military
men who know something about the
several lines of forts which form the
defense of Adrianople look for a pro- !
longed defense. This opinion appar-:
ently prevails within Adrianople it
self. Shukri Pasha, the Turkish com
mander, who is defending Adrianople,
has declared that he will not surrender
the fortress until the last of his sol
diers has been killed.
The Turkish newspaper Tanin as
serts that Adianople has sufficient
provisions for four months, and other
Turkish reports declare that the fort
ress certainly will be able to hold out
for several weeks. Official quarters
in Constantinople radiate a spirit of
great confidence in the new regime
and declare that the condition of the
country and the wintry weather pre
clude serious operations long the Tcha
talja lines for the present.
LINKING AMERICAS BY RAIL
Continuous Trip From New York
to Buenos Ay res Soon.
Washington, D. 'C. —The linking of
the Americas by rail would be of
great value as a peace propaganda
among the different countries of North
and South America, in the opinion of
Andrew Carnegie. This belief was
exhibited by Mr. Carnegie at a meet
ing here of the permanent Pan-Ameri
can Railway committee, of which he
is a member, when reports of the link
ing of the Americas by rail were read,
indicating that progress is being made
towards this project.
Henry Gassaway Davis, former sen
ator from West Virginia, presided at
In Central America only 18 miles of
line remain to be constructed to make
practical a railway journey to Guate
mala City. Construction is well un
der way at San Miguel, Salvador.
From this point to the Panama canal,
600 miles away, several links have
been constructed, and plans for others
are well advanced.
In South America only 175 miles
are still to be constructed between
Buenos Ayres and Lake Titicaca and
the line has been completed from the
latter point to Cuzco, Peru, 2000 miles
from Buenos Ayres. In Bolivia,
Chile, Colombia, Peru and Ecuador
progress has been made.
The'committee will make a full re
port to the next Pan-American con
ference, which probably will be held
in some South American capital in the
course of the coming year.
"Big Injuns" Talk English.
Chicago — Fifteen officials of the
tribes of Pueblo Indians in New Mex
ico passed through this city en route
for Washington. The Pueblo officials
represent the owners of 600,000 acres
of tribal lands, granted by the Spanish
crown in 1690.
The Indians, most of them, were in
blankets and moccasins, and were
slightly amused at efforts of fellow
passengers in the railroad station to
"Heap cold, John," said one travel
ing man to a tall Pueblo in a red and
"Yes, it is rather cold, but we are
accustomed to extremes and don't
mind it much," replied the Indian,
who was Juan Antonio Martin, alcalde
"Heap big Injun on war path,"
laughed a station porter, coming up to
"Here, boy, take this bag to the
smoking room; I'll be there in a min
ute," ordered one of the Indians,
Pablo Abeita, one of the chief men of
Pueblo Isleta. The porter obeyed in
a dazed manner.
Graduates Dress Simply.
Los Angeles —Although many daugh
ters of wealthy citizens were num
bered among the 1500 school children
who were graduated from the gram
mar schools here Wednesday, not one
of them wore a dress costing more
than $5 and most of the dresses were
home-made. The girls appeared sim
ply garbed at the suggestion of Super
intendent Francis/of the city schools,
who believed it was an opportune time
to jmpress upon the children the rudi
ments of economy. , The absence of
ribbons and ruffles was conspicuous.
Paris Is Awaiting Flood.
Paris —The river Seine continues to
rise and now lacks only 40 centimeters
of the 4.76 meters stage, which exper
ience has shown is the danger level.
The authorities are beginning to take
precautions for t the emergency which
will arise if the *flood goes beyond that
point. Rescue parties have been or
ganized and all boatmen have been in
structed to hold themselves in readi
ness in the suburban, districts, which
will be the first flooded.
Million Left to Partner.
New York —The filing of the will of
George W. Crossman, a coffee import
er, revealed a curious agreement be
tween Crossman and his partner, Her
man Sieleken. A codicil to the will
showed that each had agreed to leave
the other $1,000,000. In addition to
his bequest to his partner, Crossman
left nearly $1,000,000 to friends and
itfl nfcly dig fc^S Q VhlM i^wm D \* WLdA
HEADS THE GREATEST TELEPHONE SYSTEM
telephone development, and he had
* before put all of his money into the business. As a result he is where
today, while the conservative old Back Bay gentlemen—well, they are
on Back Bay.
SENATOR BAILEY ENDS NOTABLE CAREER
The retirement of Joseph W. Bai
ley of Texas from the United States
senate marks the close of one of the
most remarkable political careers in
the history of congress. For more
than twenty-three years Senator Bai
ley has served his party in the halls
of the lower and upper houses.
Espousing the cause of Democracy
he entered congress as a representa
tive from the Fifth Texas district,
while only twenty-seven years old.
In the senate he took the lead in
almost every debate, was always an
effective speaker and was one of the
most praised and maligned Democrats
in that body.
Senator Bailey served in the fifty
second, fifty-third, fifty-fourth and
fifty-sixth congresses. He aligned
himself with the Bryan free silver
policy early in his congressional ca
reer. Despite the fact that he had
risen in the ranks of the lowel house
to a strong position of leadership he
v/as severely criticised by the Populists of Texas and after th» national con
vention of 1896 he announced that he would not again he a congressional
Mr. Bailey did not quit politics, however. Indeed his refusal of the con
gressional candidacy was regarded as one of the shrewdest moves of his
political career. It brought him prominently before the people of his home
state with whom he was a prime favorite and in a measure forced his elec
tion as United States senator.
CZAR OF RUSSIA IS THE RICHEST MAN
i 1 "Czar Nicholas rules over the larg
est empire on the globe; he draws the
biggest salary of any ruler; he is
the richest man in the world," said
a well-known Russian the other day.
"Those are three things which Amer
ica with all its 'biggest' cannot
equal," he added.
Well-informed Russians say the
czar is wealthier than Rockefeller,
Morgan, Carnegie or any one of the
Rothschilds. Attention has been
brawn to his vast wealth by the re
cent death of Count Dendrikoff, his
"man of affairs."
Just how wealthy the "Little
Father" of all the Russians is no one
seems to know. It is doubtful wheth
er he himself could «ome as near
telling what his balance is as perhaps
the Standard Oil trust king could
name his. The bookkeeping in tb,e
domain of the oil king is more scien
tific than among the Russians.
It is estimated, however, that the
czar's income, including his salary and profits and dividends frqm his, vast
property, is about 37% million dollars a year—s3,l2s,ooo a month, or $104,166
and a few odd cents a day.
MISS HELEN TAFT IS A CAMP FIRE GIRL
Fresh from her experiences In ■ ■
Glacier National park where she rode I I
great distances on horseback and
camped among the Indians, Miss Hel
en Taft, daughter of the president, it
this winter throwing herself with re
newed vigor into the work of the
Camp Fire Girls. Even before her
experiences in the west, Miss Taft
was a member of the national coun
cil of the organization. The stimulus
of Miss Taft's interest Is having a
wide effect in thlß noteworthy or
ganization, the object of which is to
get the nation's young women back
Not only has Miss Taft taken up
a part in the official direction of the
organization, but she has organized a
Camp Fire of Girls In Noel house, a
social settlement at the national cap
ital. Under her guidance this camp
fire bids fair to be a shining example
and inspiration all over the country.
At first Miss Taft joined the Camp
Fire Girls under the pledge of secrecy as she dreaded the notoriety that
would arise from it, once the press got hold of it. But the argument was
made to her that the very fact of her interests, as daughter of the president,
would do more to forward the movement than any other single action.
Miss Taft then consented to the necessary publicity and her action has, as
prophecies awakened widespread interest.
Time was, and not so very long
ago—about twenty-five or thirty
years—when they called the first
long-distance telephone installation
in this country "Vails Folly." This
Characterization was originated and
encouraged by certain conservative
old gentlemen in capitalistic circles
in Boston, who refused to invest in
a project which was being advanced
by Theodore Newton Vail, then en
tering upon that elusive period of
life's span comnjonly called the
"prime," but even then showing pos
session of that valuable faculty of
grasping a situation in its inception,
and looking temperately, but confi
dently into the future, which sent
him from a $40-a-month position as
a railway mail-clerk to the presidency
of a corporation capitalized at $250,
Mr. Vail had the courage of his
convictions in those early days of
SAYS ANTARCTIC NOT "COLD"
Explorer Amundsen Shuns Sweater
at Only 14 Below.
Chicago—Captain Roald Amundsen,
discoverer of the South Pole, and navi
gator of the Northwest passage, was
the guest of the Geographic society
here. He was presented with the
gold medal of the society for his
achievements as an explorer.
The South Pole was" reached by
Amundsen while clad in light clothing,
he said in a short address here.
"It was not cold," he said. "We
did not wear furs. It was only 14
degrees below zero and often it was
too warm for me to wear my sweater.
I wore light fall underwear and over
garments made of silk and wool."
His feet, however, Captain Amund
sen said, were like bales of hay.
"First I wrapped my feet in dried
grass," he explained. "Then I wore
seven pairs of socks with reindeer skin
boots outside. The worst thing that
can befall a polar traveler is to freeze
his feet. It is enormously difficut in
bad weather to dry the socks and moc
casins properly, but this must be done
under penalty of death."
Captain Amundsen will leave San
Francisco in June, 1914, to explore
ONE-TERM AMENDMENT IS
PASSED BY U. S. SENATE
Washington, D. C. — A constitu
tional amendment which would restrict
the president of the United States to
a single term of six years, and would
bar.Woodrow Wilson, Theodore Roose
velt and William H. Taft from seek
ing re-election, was approved by the
senate, byjihe narrow majority of one
After a three-day fight, in which
the Progressives joined with many
Republicans in opposing the restricted
Presidential term, the senate adopted
the original Works resolution by a
vote of 74 to 23.
FLORIDA FRUIT UNDER BAN
California Officials Order Citrus
Shipment Out of State.
San Francisco —Hope which has de
veloped among some of the commis
sion houses that owing to the recent
cold weather in Southern California
supplies of grapefruit might be drawn
from Florida, were badly shattered by
the action of the State Horticultural
commissioner, when a carload of
grapefruit was stopped and the owners
received the 48-hour notice customary
in such cases. This car must be sent
out of the state and the consignees
will ship it North, where there is no
citrus industry to be guarded.
The fruit was found to be infested
with the Florida red scale and the pur
This is the second car of grapefruit
to come through from the Florida cit
rus section. An experimental car was
received last week, and being free
from insect pests was promptly ab
sorbed by the local market.
The horitcultural commissioners
want it understood that this fruit was
not stopped because it came from Flor
ida, the quarantine having been
raised December 17, but because it
carried Florida fruit pests that are not
wanted in California.
Pigeon Flies 600 Miles. ,
New York —Bearing a note from a
passenger on the Prinz Friederich Wil
helm, in mid-ocean on the way to
Bremen, a carrier pigeon dropped ex
hausted on the roof of a big uptown
The message was from A. Schu
bach, of Seattle, Wash., president of
a steamship company, who informed
the hotel management that Mrs. Schu
bach had left two valuable sable skins
in her suite at the hotel before she
started for Europe.
When in this city 15 months ago
Mrs. Schubach left two carrier pig
eons, and the birds were kept on the
hotel roof until she decided to take
the ocean trip. The Prinz Friederich
Wilhelm was nearly 600 miles at sea
at 9 o'clock Sunday morning, when
one bird was released.
Defense League Forms.
Washington, D. C—To work for a
large navy, an-. adequate army, the
improvement of the National guard
and for all things that will better pre
pare the United States for war, the
National Defense league was organ
ized here. Representative Kahn, of
California, was, elected chairman.
While the league will work to
make the country better prepared for
war, it says in its constitution that it
"believes in universal peace, but
firmly believes that preparation for
war is the best guarantee of peace."
Pension Plan Proposed.' ...
Washington, D. C. —A* system of
old age retirement for employes of the
postal service was proposed by Senator
Penrose, of. Pennsylvania, in an
amendment offered to the postoffice
appropriation bill. It would give the
Postoffice department authority to
grant "indefinite leave of absence" to
an employe who became incapacitated
for actual work with annual pay at the
rate of $600. An examining board
would pass on applications." m^±
Minimum Wage Advocated.
London — The Daily News under
stands that the intention in the land
campaign inaugurated by Chancellor
Lloyd-George is to propose the statu
tory establishment of a minimum wage
for agricultural laborers of at least
one pound ($5.00) a week, and provis
ion for every laborer of a cottage and
a plot of land held independently of
the farmer or landlord.
Portland Produce Dealers Al
leged to In Trust.
Fifteen Prominent Merchants Re
ceive Attention of Federal
Portland, Or.—Grand jurors in the
Federal court have returned indict
ments against 15 fruit and produce
dealers on Front street, charging them
with unlawful conspiracy in restraint
of trade and in violation of the Sher
man anti-trust act. The men indicted
assert their innocence of law-break
Every commodity that the average
family requires for its daily food sup
ply, with the exception of meat, it is
alleged, is controlled by the group of
men under indictment, with the result
not only that the prices to the consum
ing public are greatly increased, but
that all dealers not members of the al
leged combination are and have been
prevented from doing business.
Eleven of the 15 men against whom
true bills were returned have been ar
rested and have given $1000 bail each.
They are E. A. Bamford, C. N. Dilley,
Timothy Pearson, W. A. Mansfield,
W. H. Dryer, Herbert B. McEwen,
Mark Levy, Charles R. Levy, Ed B.
Levy, Ben Levy and G. W. Cardwell.
W. B. Glafke, John A. Bell, Fred
A. Page and John J. Cole are under
indictment, but have not been arrested
—Glafke because he is visiting his
mother, who is ill, and the three oth
ers because they are out of the city.
They have been advised by their asso
ciates to return and submit to arrest.
The defendants, individually and
collectively, are among the leading
commission men on Front street.
Many of them have been in business
here for a long time. While they ad
mit the existence of the Produce Mer
chants' association of Portland, they
deny that it tends to stifle competition
or that it manipulates prices.
The center of activity during the
grand jury's investigations and the
probable star witness when the case
come to trial is J. W Bunn, the secre
tary of the organization, who has been
granted immunity by the Federal
FIND SHIP WITHOUT A CREW
Afloat In Ocean, All Ship Shape,
Without Soul on Board.
Newport News, Va.—Another mys
tery of the deep, practically parallel
ing the unexplained disappearance of
the crew of the schooner Marie Celeste
several years ago, has been reported
here by the British tank steamer Rou
manian. On January 19, churning
along ten days out from Port Arthur
and near the Azores, she picked up
the Norwegian bark Remittent, sea
worthy, provisioned and fully rigged,
but without a soul aboard and with no
indication of the crew's fate. The
Roumanian, after towing the Remit
tent to within 100 miles of Cape
Henry, lost her in a violent gale.
The Marie Celeste was found at sea
with a pot boiling in her galley and
her captain's papers on the cabin table
and every indication that her crew had
been aboard within a few hours of her
discovery. But nothing ever was
heard of her skipper or crew.
Allies Attack Turk's Rear.
London—The Bulgarians are devot
ing their chief attention to the bom
bardment of Adrianople and an at
tempt to capture the Gallipoli penin
sula and so take the Turkish, forts in
the rear. An official dispatch issued
at Constantinople indicates that the
Bulgarians have been successful in
their first operations in the latter
quarter, and, according to a Sofia dis
patch, the capture of Gallipoli is the
chief objective of the Bulgarians for
the time being.
Man Gets Brain of Dog.
A«n Arbor, Mich.—The brain of a
dog was transferred to a man's skull
in University hospital here Thursday.
W. A. Smith, of Kalamazoo, had been
suffering from abcess on the brain and
as a last effort to save his life this re
markable operation was performed.
Opening his skull, the surgeons re
moved the diseased portion of his
brain and in its place substituted the
brain of a dog. Smith was resting
comfortably at last reports, and the
surgeons say he has a good chance to
10,000 Wounded, Say Janinans.
London—An Athens dispatch to the
Telegraph says that three prominent
citizens of Janina, who escaped to the
Greek lines, assert that there are 10,
--000 wounded in the town, which would
have surrendered but for the influence
of the Austrian consul.
A Constantinople dispatch to the
Telegraph says the Bulgarians have
retired from the Tchatalja and have
made their headquarters at Tcher
Duluth's Oldest Citizen Dead.
Duluth, Minn. — John Flynn, the
first white man to push a trail through
the wilderness from St. Paul to the
Indian trading posts on the shores of
Lake Vermillion, and who was Du
luth's oldest citizen, is dead at his
daughter's home here. Had he lived
tsntil June 24 next he would have been
100 years old.