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BILL IS PASSED 535,000,000 Measure Has Ap proval of President Bond Provision Cut Out — Current p un ds to Be Used— Panama Canal Plan to Govern. Washington, D. C. — adminis tration Alaska bill, authorizing the President to construct a $35,000,000 ailroad from Alaska's coast to its Lat coal fields, was passed by the house Thursday by a vote of 230 to 87. A similar measure already has D assed the senate, and the bills will be taken up at once in conference be twee n the two houses, with a view to sending the measure to the President, ff ho has signified his intention of sign in" it. .' , .-'. ■'■--■ r .'■ At the eleventh hour, after a sharp parliamentary skirmish, the :-> • house eliminated from the bill, as reported by the territories committee, a provis ion authorizing a bond issue of $35, --000,000 to finance the railroad, and to be paid off by the proceeds of : govern ment land sales in Alaska. The gen ate bill provided for a $40,000,000 bond issue. Representative ; Fitz gerald, of New York, led a fight which resulted in striking out the bond provision. Under the amended measure the project would be financed out of the current funds in the treasury, the President being limited to 'h $35,000, --000, and $1,000,000 being , appropriat ed for immediate expenses. Congress would appropriate ; each year the amount estimated to be necessary for the construction of the road. I \i-. .'■ .: The bill provides for the reconstruc tion of a road "not to exceed 1000 miles, to De so located as to connect one or more of the open Pacific Ocean harbors on the southern coast of Alas ka with the navigable waters in the interior of Alaska, and with a coal field or fields yielding coal sufficient in quality and quantity for naval use, so a3 best to aid in the development of the agricultural and mineral or other resources of Alaska." . ",;'-,'' ■:. ; • The project is of more interest than even the expenditure of the $35,000, --000 proposed would ordinarily create. Coming so soon after the completion of the Panama canal, it is attracting attention as another great engineering project under the direction of the American government. Moreover, the project is to be the first test in this country of government ownership of a public utility; it is expected to open to the commerce of the world great and rich resources that until row have been for the most part lying idle. The bill directs the President to ac quire, by purchase or construction, a line or lines of railroads from tide water into the interior of Alaska and to navigation on the Yukon, Tanana or Kuskokwim rivers. In choosing the route he is to use his judgment as to what will best promote the settlement of Alaska, develop its resources and provide adequate transportation for coal for the army and navy, for troops and for munitions of war and for the mails. In conducting and operating the Alaskan railroad the President is au thorized to employ any number of men he may think necessary, choosing them as he pleases, only those chosen from civil life shall be under the su pervision, in the work of construction, of the engineers taken from the army. The appointment of any engineer from civil life whose salary exceeds $3000 s year must be confirmed by the sen ate. The President is autorized to utilize »i Alaska all the machinery and equip ment used in the construction of the Panama canal as rapidly aa it is not needed in Panama and can be used in Alaska. The opening of mines in Alaska, tc ?ether with the building of a railroad and the opening of the Panama canal, !t >s estimated, will save the govern ment from $3 to $5 on its coal burned °n the Pacific Coast. Homestead Credit Asked. Washington, D. C.—Money troubles of homesteaders in the West were pic ked to the joint committee on rural "edits at a recent meeting by George *• Fisher, of Redfield, S. D., who , ed that congress make provision for '°ans to entrants on homestead lands. *l Present, he declared, the poor ■""nesteader who endeavored to make a start in a new country without suffi- f ejt capital was "victimized by Shy- ! c k bankers, who strip each advanc es wave of homesteaders and lie in wait for the next crop." Mutant Anarchist, Says Taft. Amherst, Mass.—Professor Taft, of aie- speaking at Amherst College, in che^ on the woman suffrage, say- Jp "If women can show that a gov [Qment in which they partook would n »g about greater happiness, or that J e electorate would be bettered, they rJWa establish their caee. The argu- J*t of the militant suffragettes is m of an anarchist." Suffrage Bills Defeated. f fa upolis' Md.—The woman suf- Jge bill was killed in the house of agates by a vote of 6q to 34. Capetown, South Africa—A biU for e^ranchi ße ment of women in the JJ 0* of South Africa, which was in- u <*d into the house of assembly, «3 to 42 °n the first-reading "by TROOPS CAPTURE MEXICAN BANDIT Castillo and Followers Surren der to American Forces. Will Probably Be Turned Over to Revolutionists—Villa Has Con ' demned Them to Death. El Paso, Tex—An Associated Press dispatch saying that Castillo would be turned over to the Constitutionalists, delivered to General Villa at mid night, was received with great satis faction by the general. He said that Castillo would be formally charged with the murder of M. J. Gilmartin an American, and 50 others at the Cumbre tunnel. He promised that the trial would not be clogged by any red tape. El Paso, Tex. — Maximo Castillo, the Mexican bandit charged with res ponsibility for the Cumbre tunnel dis aster, in which ten Americans and 41 others lost their lives, was captured 38 miles south of Hachita, N. M.,'by American troops. This information was conveyed to General Hugh L. Scott, commandant at Fort Bliss, in an official telegram from Captain White, Ninth United States Cavalry. With the bandit were six of his fol lowers. According to Captain White's brief dispatch they surrendered with out a fight. Castillo, to avoid a range of moun tains on the Mexican side, made a de tour which brought him into American territory. Captain White was on the watch, having received information from Walter McCormick, American manager of Las Palomas ranch, on the Mexfcan side, that the much-wanted man was in that vicinity. Whether the prisoner shall be sur rendered to the rebels is a legal ques tion which remains to be settled. If this is done there is no doubt he will be executed for the Cumbre disaster. He is not charged with any crime on this side. « Castillo set fire to a freight train in the Cumbre tunnel two weeks ago. The cars were burning when a passen ger train crashed into it and every life aboard was lost. The tunnel is still burning. A special to the Times from Ha chita, N. M., says the capture was made by Lieutenant Rothwell, of Troop A, and remarks that it was "par ticularly gratifying as coming on the heels of the theft of 18 horses belong ing to the regiment by Mexicans. SEATTLE NOMINATES MAYOR RECALLED FOR MISCONDUCT Seattle, Wash. — One hundred and ninety-nine precints complete give for mayor, Gill, 16,623; Trenholrae, 8411; Winsor, 694; Griffiths, 5924. Hiram C. Gill, who was elected mayor of Seattle in 1910, recalled for alleged misconduct in office the next year and defeated by Mayor Cotterill in 1912, was nominated for mayor in preferential primary, receiving nearly as many votes as his three nearest competitors combined. For second place, James D. Tren holme, so-called "business men's can didate," is about 900 votes ahead of Richard Windsor, with returns from one-third of the city counted. Al though Winsor, under the law, filed as a non-partisan candidate, his nomina tion was made and his campaign man aged by the Socialist party. Austin E. Griffiths, indorsed by the Ministerial Federation, is fourth in the votes thus far counted. The highest two candidates will con test for the mayoralty in the regular election of March 3. A majority of all votes cast in the primary does not elect under the law of Seattle, which is different from the preferential primaries in most cities of the Coast A remarkable feature of Gill's tri umph is that his campaign was di rected chiefly by men who brought about his recall in 1911. Rebels Hold Haiti Town. Washintgon, D. C—Progress of the Haitien government campaign against the rebels in the north of the island is reported. Commander Dier, of the gunboat Wheeling, at Port Au Paix, announced that he had found no place in the hands of federal troops and that the town was quiet. The Haitien gun boat Nord Alexis left Port Au Paix for Cape Haitien under orders from Gen eral Zamor to blockade Cape Haitien and Port Liberte. Commander Har rison, aboard the cruiser San Francis co at Cape Haitien, reports it quiet. Ton of Oats Going: by Mail. Lewiston, Idaho—A ton of oats will be shipped from Ferdinand, Idaho, to Joseph, Or., by parcel post. The oats are being packed in 50-pound pack ages, by which the shipper will effect a saving of $40 over the regular freight charges. The postage on the ton shipment will be $21.60. Life's Savingt Are Stolen. Milledgeville, Ga. — Robbers got more than $10,000 in cash in this city wben they bound and gagged a night watchman in th* office of C. S. Bonner and wrecked the safe. Mr. Bonner ■ays the loot was ~r his \ savings uof j-a lifetime. CHINESE EVADE EXCLUSION LAW Commissioner Declares Illegal Practice Is General. Japanese "Photo Brides" Menace Laboring Classes—Certain to Make Trouble Later. Washington, D. C— Commissioner General Caminetti, of the bureau of immigration, in his first annual report, to Secretary Wilson, recommended certain 'modifications of the Chinese exclusion act, and expressed the opin ion that great care should be taken with the seaman's bill, pending in congress; declaring that "the sea man's bill, on the one hand, and the immigration and Chinese exclusion laws on the other, cannot be properly enforced unless their terms are brought into substantial and practical accord." Commissioner Caminetti, speaking of the general question of Asiatic im migration, comments on "aliens em ployed on vessels," and what he says is the danger of Chinese and other Asiatics reaching the country unlaw fully by serving as seamen and desert ing. As to Japanese immigration, he ex presses doubt whether the "photo graph" brides, after having gone through a marriage ceremony by proxy, recognized as legal in Japan, are really entitled to admission. He says he does not believe "any such marriage is binding on the United States in the administration of immi gration laws; and also that there is no treaty with Japan, or other arrange ment whatsoever, that provides for the recognition by the United States of the so-called marriage of a woman in Japan with a man who may be in the United States at the alleged date of the same." He says there seems to be need of repetition and emphasis of the state ment in the ex-commissioner general's report, which declared that the prac tice of admitting such women "opens the way for the introduction into con tinental United States of large bodies of common laborers— females, it is true, but none the less competitors of the laborers of this country—and this practice must necessarily result in constituting a large native-born Jap anese population— persons who, be cause of their birth on American soil, will be regarded as American citizens, although their parents cannot be nat uralized." Despite the fact that everything possible under existing law is being done, said Mr. Caminetti, to prevent the entry of Chinese not entitled to be here, "Chinese laborers are con stantly gaining admission, in the guise of minor sons of merchants, students, natives or sons of natives." Deputies Found Guilty of Murdering Striker Houghton, Mich. — Three Waddell- Mahon Detective agency guards and a deputy sheriff were found guilty of manslaughter for killing Steve Put rich, a striking copper mine worker, at Seeberville, on August 14 last. Harry James, another deputy sheriff, was acquitted under instructions from the court. Clemency was recommended to the court in the case of Polkinghorne, the deputy sheriff. It has not been decided whether an appeal will be taken. Thomas Raleigh, another Waddell- Mahon guard, who also was involved in the Seeberville shooting, disappear ed on the eve of the trial and has not been caught. MARCH 13 SALMON DAY THROUGHOUT NORTHWEST Portland—"Salmon Day" will be celebrated throughout the Northwest and the salmon-producing parts of the country on Friday, March 31. The railroads are preparing to give the oc casion proper recognition by making salmon in its varied forms one of the chief items on their dining car menus. Bertillion'g Brain Heavy. Paris—The brain of Alphonse Ber tillon, creator of the system of crimin al indentification which brought him world-wide fame, weighed 1525 gram mes. The weight of the brain of the average man is 1360 grammes. Dr. Leonce Monouvrier, of the Col lege of France, who has studied the brains of celebrated men, has just completed an examination of Bertil lon's brain. He considers the weight all the more remarkable because the organ was shrunken and anaemic from long and exhausting illness. Fourth Car Smelt Goes East. Kelso, Wash.—The fourth carload of smelt shipped to the Middle West left here Saturday. C. E. Putnam, who is the Eastern sales agent, re ports fair success in developing a mar ket for the toothsome little ifish and it is believed that the future of the en terprise is assured. Viscount Aoki Is Dead. Tokio —Viscount Siusxo Aoki, form er Japanese ambassador to the United States, is dead. The news that the famous diplomat was critically ill be came publicly known only a few hours before his death occurred, though it was known that he had been ailing for some time past. Unfriendly Legislation | Threatens Apple-Growing Oregon Agricultural College, Cor-' vallis—lf H. R. 9266 ii enacted by the! national congress, it will be an offense punishable by fine and imprisonment to keep apples in cold storage for more than 90 days and then ship them out of the state. If H. R. 9630 is en acted, it will be illegal to take from storage and then return them again to storage, either before or after inter state shipment Both bills enumerate certain food products and then add, "also any other articles used for hu man food." Remedial amendments have been promised, but so far eggs only have been given more favorable terms. High authorities in the apple busi ness assert that the first of the pro posed laws would ruin the industry and bankrupt producers from one side of the continent to the other. It would cause a glutted market in some seasons of the year and an apple fam ine for the remainder. If re-storage is prevented it will greatly damage the apple business in many sections of the country. It would be illegal, for instance, to take apples from a cooler at Hood River and ship them to the great Eastern markets. All apples and pears, once put into cold storage with a tempera ture below forty degrees for a longer period than ten days, are branded as adulterated if shipped out of the state. "Northwest growers should write to their congressmen asking them to use their influence to have fruits exempt ed, "'said Professor C. I. Lewis, hor ticulturist of the college. "Since both bills threaten the fruit interests fruitmen should refer to both bills, preferably by number, in all corres pondence regarding the proposed legis lation. And they should do it at once." Japanese War Talk Is All Jingo, Says Professor Boston—"Talk of war between the United States and Japan has emanated from the Eastern part of America, not from Japan," Professor Sidney L. Gulick, of Diahishi University at To kio, said before the Twentieth Cen tury club in this city. "I don't believe 'there will be any war," he added. "There are a few Japanese who say America will finally insist on war, 'and there is a 'yellow press' in Japan, just as there is in this country. But the Japanese earn estly desire the friendship of the United States, for they know they have foes at their back door, and, be sides, Japan sells more goods to this country than to any other." PERFECT BABY WEIGHS 2 POUNDS 11 WEEKS OLD Tacoma, Wash.—Florence Virginia Cole is a future voter of Washington here who is attracting much attention because at the age of 11 weeks she weighs only two pounds. The nurses say she is perfectly normal in every way and has not been sick at all in the weeks of her existence in the bas ket, surrounded by hot water bottles. She is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Cole, of Oakland addition, and weighed juts 1A pounds at birth. It is possible to slip a finger ring over her hands and arms to the armpit. Full length of the baby at birth was 12 1 inches; at eight weeks, 15 \ inch es. Congress May Enact Laws Barring Hindus Washington, D. C.—Representative Burnett, of Alabama, chairman of the house committee on immigration, pre dicted that as a compromise on the Pa cific Coast fight to exclude Japanese and all other Asiatics congress at this session would enact legislation to bar out the Hindus. "Whether the immigration commit tee will go further than that I do not know," Mr. Burnett said, "but there is no gentleman's agreement or fa vored nation arrangement with Great Britain so far as the Hindus are con cerned. There ought to be prompt legislation to nip in the bud any steamship arrangements to bring on an extraordinary number of the Hin dus, a project which the immigration bureau once discovered and foiled." Travel By Coaster Idea. San Francisco —A roller-coaster with plenty of seats is being considered as a means of transporting millions of visitors from the Ferry building, where North Coast and overland traffic end, to the PanaYna-Pacifie exposition, it is announced officially here. The distance is perhaps a mile and a half. The project contemplates an endless platform, bearing gondolas or cars, starting 12 or more feet above ground and sliding down, with machinery to raise the belt from the foot of the in cline to a new altitude. Benefactor of Blind Dies. Philadelphia — Dr. Robert C. C. Moon, widely known as a benefactor of the blind, died Monday from heart disease after an illness of 18 months. He was 70 yean old. He continued the work of publishing books and charts for the blind from embossed type which was begun by his father, Dr. William Moon, of England. King Thanks Carnegie. Madrid — King Alfonso has sent an autographed portrait and a letter of thanks to Andrew Carnegie for the diplodoctu east, which Mr. Carnegie recently presented to the Madrid mu seum of natural history. FARM AND ORCHARD Notts and Instructions from Agricultural CoOtgss mat Bxßtrhnmd Ss^k^ «/ Ongon and Washington. SptdaUy Stdktbk to Padne Cmut ConMhrn Many Ways to Control Insect Pests On Farm Oregon Agricultural College, Cor vallis — Good farming methods are necessary to the complete success of insect control by spraying. Other very helpful factors are protection of birds and friendly insects, selection of resistant strains of plants, and co operation among neigh bora. No matter how carefully spraying has been done during one season, a goodly number of pests are bound to escape destruction. These hold-overs are necessarily among the most hardy and prolific of the. species, and propa gation is very rapid among them. They take shelter in weed piles, brush heaps, litter and trash scraps, and odds and ends of last year's crops. Here they build their nests, deposit their eggs, and lay by for winter. Practically every scrap heap about the farm shelters a brood of pests that will let loose a swarm of destructive insects as the warm days of spring approach. Knowing this, the careful farmer will rake these farm wastes and by products into piles and light huge bon fires when the pleasant days of au tumn have dried out the trash ready for burning. Myriads of insects, eggs, nests and food stores will be destroyed in the burning. This scavenger work will add immensely to the appearance of the farm, will destroy vast stores of weeds and weed seed, favor good drainage, so that earlier plowing may be done the following spring, and wipe out prolific sources of disease germs. Notwithstanding these many advantages of cleaning up, the princi pal gain is in the reduction of the propagating force of insect pests so that the following season's crop of worms, bugs and beetles will be much smaller than it otherwise would have been, arrive later and find the crop stronger to resist them. "A knowledge of the feeding habits and the life history of the pests is es sential to successful growing meth ods," says Professor A. L. Lovett, assistant entomologist at' the college. "With this knowledge, growers may look ahead and bo manage their land and crops as to avoid the most serious losses. The careful rotation of crops; fall, winter and early spring plowing; clean cultivation; general cleaning up of roadways, fence corners, and trash about the field; the best time for planting; the proper use of fertil izers; the use of trap crops; and the frequent examination of young plants for insect pests; each in itself is a big step in the right direction for the control of insect pests. "The use of insecticides, while es sential to the highest production of truck and garden crops, is not a rem edy for all troubles that arise from neglect and abuse. Having the crop in a clean, thrifty and growing con dition is the first step." Crop rotation is often essential be cause the ground itself becomes in fested with the insects which devas tate the crops. This is especially true of insects of the worm and caterpillar types. Often, by substituting some other crop, these pests will either be starved out or forced to leave. Other insects, such as grasshoppers, deposit eggs in holes in the ground in early autumn, so that the next sea son's crop of pests can be destroyed by fall plowing. Where plowing is not feasible, as in a meadow or pasture, good results can be obtained by disk ing the field. If the grower knows the time of depositing eggs he can often do much to destroy them by some cultural methods that are at the same time helpful to the crop. Clean cultivation will destroy the weeds which often harbor the pests, offering them shelter through the win ter and facilities for successful prop agation of the young. And clean cul tivation means not only the eradica tion of weeds from among the culti vated plants, but also the cleaning up of weed patches in corners, fence rows, waste places and roadways. With a knowledge of the time that a crop of insects destructive to certain plants is likely to appear, the grower can often plan to plant the crop either late enough to escape the insect in vasion entirely, or early enough that the plants will have gained sufficient size and strength to resist it. If this cannot be done it may be profitable to substitute another crop, when the insects threaten to be unusually ac tive. At any rate, the grower will be prepared to meet them in the most effective manner if he knows when they are likely to appear. There is, according to Professor Lovett, a double advantage to be gained in the use of fertilizers. In the first place some of the valuable fertilizers have a distinct action in killing the insects or driving them away. The other value of the fertil izer is found in the fact that its wise use so strengthens the plants that they Superb John D. An efficiency engineer was talking about presence of mind. "For presence of mind," he said, "nobody can equal John D. "When John D. lived in Cleveland his next-door neighbor said to him one morning: - "'Smith's cow got into my garden yesterday and ate a lot of grass and flowers.' " 'Yes," said John D. 'It got into my garden, too. I milked it to the ▼sine of the damage done and then drove It oof "—New York Tribune. are able to successfully weather the attacks of the insects. The vie of trap crops to entice the pests away from the more delicate plants is worthy of more attention than it has generally received. A knowledge of the insects' feeding hab its will often enable the grower to plant a variety of grain or garden crops that ;wiil attract insects from the crops to be protected aa well as produce a valuable crop of itself. The life history of the most common and harmful truck and garden pests is simply and plainly given in College Bulletin No. 4, Extension series 2, called "Insect Pests of Truck and Gar den Crops." This was prepared by Professor A. L. Lovett, for use of gardeners, truckers and school garden directors for the year 1914. Copies may be had free of cost by requesting them of Prof. R. O. Hetsel, Extension Director, Oregon Agricultural College, Corvallis, Or. Loganberry Growers Should Organize, Says Professor Oregon Agricultural College, Cor vallis—' 'It is just as necessary for the loganberry growers to organise as it was for the apple and prune men," says Professor C. I. Lewis, 0. A. C. horticulturist. "It seems absolutely necessary that a certain period of or ganization, "standardization, and co operation shall be gone through with before the products are handled in a satisfactory manner and with profit to the producer. "For years the apple men had no difficulty whatever in getting rid of all the fruit they could grow, but in 1912 they encountered many and ser ious difficulties. As a result there was a cry of over-production, but it is now known that over-production had little to do with it. During the last ten years we have grown 40 per cent fewer apples than in the previous ten years, while 125 per cent more apples were consumed in New York during the last ten years than in the previous ten. ' 'Something else was wrong. What was it? Merely this, the growers did not attend to the distribution of their product. They did not advertise nor educate the people to the possibilities of the apple, to know the different varieties and their best seasons for use. "The prune men have gone through the same period of association, and co-operation and it is found upon look ing into the history of the industry that the low prices and apparent over production were due simply to a lack of standardization, to a lack of proper advertising, to a lack of co-operative methods, a lack of the spirit of work ing together. The loganberry men may profit by the experience of the other fruit growers who have learned the value of organization and standardization. We should start in right now to standard ize the loganberry products. Not a single dried loganberry that is not fit to eat should be serit out of the state. Canned goods must come up to the best standards. The same is true of jells and jams. And if we put "a juice on the market let us put on one that we can stand behind. "Preliminary steps have already been taken for the organization of loganberry growers. A committee of five, headed by Mr. Britt Aspinwall, has been selected to prepare a tenta tive constitution and by-laws and rec ommend districts of the state that are entitled to representation, to make recommendations for having a perma nent loganberry association in the state. "Many loganberry growers are apt to ask themselves what is the use of an association of this sort to me, and is it merely a scheme to get a few dol lars out of me? There is in reality a tremendous amount of work to it and I would like to urge upon every grower in the state that he become interested in the loganberry association." Fruit men should come to the aid of C. E. 'Whisler, who is representing their interests in the proposed nation al legislation at' Washington, by writ ing him or their congressmen in favor of the standard box bill and against including apples and pears in cold storage measures. In order to be suc cessful, Mr. Whisler must be able to make a showing before the commit tees in charge of the bills, says Pro fessor Lewis, O. A. C. horticulturist. The dairy demonstration train serv ice came to a most successful end. By universal consent of farmers and the state press, the Agricultural col lege and the railway company have shown their interest in the most prac tical and helpful way that can be de vised. The snort course students at 0. A. C. have decided to present their appre ciation fund to the committee on Stu dent Loan fund. No Mode for Him. William (who has been persuaded to contribute to oar annual concert) — Can 'cc tinkle "Varmer's Boy," miss? Squire's Daughter — Have you brought your music? William—Music! I don't sing by music; I sings by hearsay. — London Opinion. William D. Mahon, international president of the Amalgamated Assoei stion of Street and Electric Hallway Employes, has been appointed a mem ber of the Detroit monidpal street railway board of eommimioners.