Newspaper Page Text
BILL IS PASSED
535,000,000 Measure Has Ap
proval of President
Bond Provision Cut Out — Current
p un ds to Be Used— Panama
Canal Plan to Govern.
Washington, D. C. — adminis
tration Alaska bill, authorizing the
President to construct a $35,000,000
ailroad from Alaska's coast to its
Lat coal fields, was passed by the
house Thursday by a vote of 230 to 87.
A similar measure already has
D assed the senate, and the bills will be
taken up at once in conference be
twee n the two houses, with a view to
sending the measure to the President,
ff ho has signified his intention of sign
in" it. .' , .-'. ■'■--■ r .'■
At the eleventh hour, after a sharp
parliamentary skirmish, the :-> • house
eliminated from the bill, as reported
by the territories committee, a provis
ion authorizing a bond issue of $35,
--000,000 to finance the railroad, and to
be paid off by the proceeds of : govern
ment land sales in Alaska. The gen
ate bill provided for a $40,000,000
bond issue. Representative ; Fitz
gerald, of New York, led a fight
which resulted in striking out the
Under the amended measure the
project would be financed out of the
current funds in the treasury, the
President being limited to 'h $35,000,
--000, and $1,000,000 being , appropriat
ed for immediate expenses. Congress
would appropriate ; each year the
amount estimated to be necessary for
the construction of the road. I \i-. .'■ .:
The bill provides for the reconstruc
tion of a road "not to exceed 1000
miles, to De so located as to connect
one or more of the open Pacific Ocean
harbors on the southern coast of Alas
ka with the navigable waters in the
interior of Alaska, and with a coal
field or fields yielding coal sufficient in
quality and quantity for naval use, so
a3 best to aid in the development of
the agricultural and mineral or other
resources of Alaska." . ",;'-,'' ■:. ; •
The project is of more interest than
even the expenditure of the $35,000,
--000 proposed would ordinarily create.
Coming so soon after the completion
of the Panama canal, it is attracting
attention as another great engineering
project under the direction of the
American government. Moreover, the
project is to be the first test in this
country of government ownership of a
public utility; it is expected to open
to the commerce of the world great
and rich resources that until row have
been for the most part lying idle.
The bill directs the President to ac
quire, by purchase or construction, a
line or lines of railroads from tide
water into the interior of Alaska and
to navigation on the Yukon, Tanana or
Kuskokwim rivers. In choosing the
route he is to use his judgment as to
what will best promote the settlement
of Alaska, develop its resources and
provide adequate transportation for
coal for the army and navy, for troops
and for munitions of war and for the
In conducting and operating the
Alaskan railroad the President is au
thorized to employ any number of men
he may think necessary, choosing
them as he pleases, only those chosen
from civil life shall be under the su
pervision, in the work of construction,
of the engineers taken from the army.
The appointment of any engineer from
civil life whose salary exceeds $3000
s year must be confirmed by the sen
The President is autorized to utilize
»i Alaska all the machinery and equip
ment used in the construction of the
Panama canal as rapidly aa it is not
needed in Panama and can be used in
The opening of mines in Alaska, tc
?ether with the building of a railroad
and the opening of the Panama canal,
!t >s estimated, will save the govern
ment from $3 to $5 on its coal burned
°n the Pacific Coast.
Homestead Credit Asked.
Washington, D. C.—Money troubles
of homesteaders in the West were pic
ked to the joint committee on rural
"edits at a recent meeting by George
*• Fisher, of Redfield, S. D., who
, ed that congress make provision for
'°ans to entrants on homestead lands.
*l Present, he declared, the poor
■""nesteader who endeavored to make
a start in a new country without suffi-
f ejt capital was "victimized by Shy-
! c k bankers, who strip each advanc
es wave of homesteaders and lie in
wait for the next crop."
Mutant Anarchist, Says Taft.
Amherst, Mass.—Professor Taft, of
aie- speaking at Amherst College,
in che^ on the woman suffrage, say-
Jp "If women can show that a gov
[Qment in which they partook would
n »g about greater happiness, or that
J e electorate would be bettered, they
rJWa establish their caee. The argu-
J*t of the militant suffragettes is
m of an anarchist."
Suffrage Bills Defeated.
f fa upolis' Md.—The woman suf-
Jge bill was killed in the house of
agates by a vote of 6q to 34.
Capetown, South Africa—A biU for
e^ranchi ße ment of women in the
JJ 0* of South Africa, which was in-
u <*d into the house of assembly,
«3 to 42 °n the first-reading "by
Castillo and Followers Surren
der to American Forces.
Will Probably Be Turned Over to
Revolutionists—Villa Has Con
' demned Them to Death.
El Paso, Tex—An Associated Press
dispatch saying that Castillo would be
turned over to the Constitutionalists,
delivered to General Villa at mid
night, was received with great satis
faction by the general. He said that
Castillo would be formally charged
with the murder of M. J. Gilmartin
an American, and 50 others at the
Cumbre tunnel. He promised that
the trial would not be clogged by any
El Paso, Tex. — Maximo Castillo,
the Mexican bandit charged with res
ponsibility for the Cumbre tunnel dis
aster, in which ten Americans and 41
others lost their lives, was captured
38 miles south of Hachita, N. M.,'by
American troops. This information
was conveyed to General Hugh L.
Scott, commandant at Fort Bliss, in
an official telegram from Captain
White, Ninth United States Cavalry.
With the bandit were six of his fol
lowers. According to Captain White's
brief dispatch they surrendered with
out a fight.
Castillo, to avoid a range of moun
tains on the Mexican side, made a de
tour which brought him into American
territory. Captain White was on the
watch, having received information
from Walter McCormick, American
manager of Las Palomas ranch, on the
Mexfcan side, that the much-wanted
man was in that vicinity.
Whether the prisoner shall be sur
rendered to the rebels is a legal ques
tion which remains to be settled. If
this is done there is no doubt he will
be executed for the Cumbre disaster.
He is not charged with any crime on
this side. «
Castillo set fire to a freight train in
the Cumbre tunnel two weeks ago.
The cars were burning when a passen
ger train crashed into it and every
life aboard was lost. The tunnel is
A special to the Times from Ha
chita, N. M., says the capture was
made by Lieutenant Rothwell, of
Troop A, and remarks that it was "par
ticularly gratifying as coming on the
heels of the theft of 18 horses belong
ing to the regiment by Mexicans.
SEATTLE NOMINATES MAYOR
RECALLED FOR MISCONDUCT
Seattle, Wash. — One hundred and
ninety-nine precints complete give for
mayor, Gill, 16,623; Trenholrae, 8411;
Winsor, 694; Griffiths, 5924.
Hiram C. Gill, who was elected
mayor of Seattle in 1910, recalled for
alleged misconduct in office the next
year and defeated by Mayor Cotterill
in 1912, was nominated for mayor in
preferential primary, receiving nearly
as many votes as his three nearest
For second place, James D. Tren
holme, so-called "business men's can
didate," is about 900 votes ahead of
Richard Windsor, with returns from
one-third of the city counted. Al
though Winsor, under the law, filed as
a non-partisan candidate, his nomina
tion was made and his campaign man
aged by the Socialist party.
Austin E. Griffiths, indorsed by the
Ministerial Federation, is fourth in
the votes thus far counted.
The highest two candidates will con
test for the mayoralty in the regular
election of March 3.
A majority of all votes cast in the
primary does not elect under the law
of Seattle, which is different from the
preferential primaries in most cities
of the Coast
A remarkable feature of Gill's tri
umph is that his campaign was di
rected chiefly by men who brought
about his recall in 1911.
Rebels Hold Haiti Town.
Washintgon, D. C—Progress of the
Haitien government campaign against
the rebels in the north of the island is
reported. Commander Dier, of the
gunboat Wheeling, at Port Au Paix,
announced that he had found no place
in the hands of federal troops and that
the town was quiet. The Haitien gun
boat Nord Alexis left Port Au Paix for
Cape Haitien under orders from Gen
eral Zamor to blockade Cape Haitien
and Port Liberte. Commander Har
rison, aboard the cruiser San Francis
co at Cape Haitien, reports it quiet.
Ton of Oats Going: by Mail.
Lewiston, Idaho—A ton of oats will
be shipped from Ferdinand, Idaho, to
Joseph, Or., by parcel post. The oats
are being packed in 50-pound pack
ages, by which the shipper will effect
a saving of $40 over the regular
freight charges. The postage on the
ton shipment will be $21.60.
Life's Savingt Are Stolen.
Milledgeville, Ga. — Robbers got
more than $10,000 in cash in this city
wben they bound and gagged a night
watchman in th* office of C. S. Bonner
and wrecked the safe. Mr. Bonner
■ays the loot was ~r his \ savings uof j-a
Commissioner Declares Illegal
Practice Is General.
Japanese "Photo Brides" Menace
Laboring Classes—Certain to
Make Trouble Later.
Washington, D. C— Commissioner
General Caminetti, of the bureau of
immigration, in his first annual report,
to Secretary Wilson, recommended
certain 'modifications of the Chinese
exclusion act, and expressed the opin
ion that great care should be taken
with the seaman's bill, pending in
congress; declaring that "the sea
man's bill, on the one hand, and the
immigration and Chinese exclusion
laws on the other, cannot be properly
enforced unless their terms are
brought into substantial and practical
Commissioner Caminetti, speaking
of the general question of Asiatic im
migration, comments on "aliens em
ployed on vessels," and what he says
is the danger of Chinese and other
Asiatics reaching the country unlaw
fully by serving as seamen and desert
As to Japanese immigration, he ex
presses doubt whether the "photo
graph" brides, after having gone
through a marriage ceremony by
proxy, recognized as legal in Japan,
are really entitled to admission. He
says he does not believe "any such
marriage is binding on the United
States in the administration of immi
gration laws; and also that there is no
treaty with Japan, or other arrange
ment whatsoever, that provides for
the recognition by the United States
of the so-called marriage of a woman
in Japan with a man who may be in the
United States at the alleged date of
He says there seems to be need of
repetition and emphasis of the state
ment in the ex-commissioner general's
report, which declared that the prac
tice of admitting such women "opens
the way for the introduction into con
tinental United States of large bodies
of common laborers— females, it is
true, but none the less competitors of
the laborers of this country—and this
practice must necessarily result in
constituting a large native-born Jap
anese population— persons who, be
cause of their birth on American soil,
will be regarded as American citizens,
although their parents cannot be nat
Despite the fact that everything
possible under existing law is being
done, said Mr. Caminetti, to prevent
the entry of Chinese not entitled to
be here, "Chinese laborers are con
stantly gaining admission, in the guise
of minor sons of merchants, students,
natives or sons of natives."
Deputies Found Guilty
of Murdering Striker
Houghton, Mich. — Three Waddell-
Mahon Detective agency guards and a
deputy sheriff were found guilty of
manslaughter for killing Steve Put
rich, a striking copper mine worker,
at Seeberville, on August 14 last.
Harry James, another deputy sheriff,
was acquitted under instructions from
Clemency was recommended to the
court in the case of Polkinghorne, the
It has not been decided whether an
appeal will be taken.
Thomas Raleigh, another Waddell-
Mahon guard, who also was involved
in the Seeberville shooting, disappear
ed on the eve of the trial and has not
MARCH 13 SALMON DAY
Portland—"Salmon Day" will be
celebrated throughout the Northwest
and the salmon-producing parts of the
country on Friday, March 31. The
railroads are preparing to give the oc
casion proper recognition by making
salmon in its varied forms one of the
chief items on their dining car menus.
Bertillion'g Brain Heavy.
Paris—The brain of Alphonse Ber
tillon, creator of the system of crimin
al indentification which brought him
world-wide fame, weighed 1525 gram
mes. The weight of the brain of the
average man is 1360 grammes.
Dr. Leonce Monouvrier, of the Col
lege of France, who has studied the
brains of celebrated men, has just
completed an examination of Bertil
lon's brain. He considers the weight
all the more remarkable because the
organ was shrunken and anaemic from
long and exhausting illness.
Fourth Car Smelt Goes East.
Kelso, Wash.—The fourth carload
of smelt shipped to the Middle West
left here Saturday. C. E. Putnam,
who is the Eastern sales agent, re
ports fair success in developing a mar
ket for the toothsome little ifish and it
is believed that the future of the en
terprise is assured.
Viscount Aoki Is Dead.
Tokio —Viscount Siusxo Aoki, form
er Japanese ambassador to the United
States, is dead. The news that the
famous diplomat was critically ill be
came publicly known only a few hours
before his death occurred, though it
was known that he had been ailing for
some time past.
Unfriendly Legislation |
Oregon Agricultural College, Cor-'
vallis—lf H. R. 9266 ii enacted by the!
national congress, it will be an offense
punishable by fine and imprisonment
to keep apples in cold storage for
more than 90 days and then ship them
out of the state. If H. R. 9630 is en
acted, it will be illegal to take from
storage and then return them again to
storage, either before or after inter
state shipment Both bills enumerate
certain food products and then add,
"also any other articles used for hu
man food." Remedial amendments
have been promised, but so far eggs
only have been given more favorable
High authorities in the apple busi
ness assert that the first of the pro
posed laws would ruin the industry
and bankrupt producers from one side
of the continent to the other. It
would cause a glutted market in some
seasons of the year and an apple fam
ine for the remainder.
If re-storage is prevented it will
greatly damage the apple business in
many sections of the country. It
would be illegal, for instance, to take
apples from a cooler at Hood River
and ship them to the great Eastern
markets. All apples and pears, once
put into cold storage with a tempera
ture below forty degrees for a longer
period than ten days, are branded as
adulterated if shipped out of the state.
"Northwest growers should write to
their congressmen asking them to use
their influence to have fruits exempt
ed, "'said Professor C. I. Lewis, hor
ticulturist of the college. "Since
both bills threaten the fruit interests
fruitmen should refer to both bills,
preferably by number, in all corres
pondence regarding the proposed legis
lation. And they should do it at
Japanese War Talk Is
All Jingo, Says Professor
Boston—"Talk of war between the
United States and Japan has emanated
from the Eastern part of America, not
from Japan," Professor Sidney L.
Gulick, of Diahishi University at To
kio, said before the Twentieth Cen
tury club in this city.
"I don't believe 'there will be any
war," he added. "There are a few
Japanese who say America will finally
insist on war, 'and there is a 'yellow
press' in Japan, just as there is in
this country. But the Japanese earn
estly desire the friendship of the
United States, for they know they
have foes at their back door, and, be
sides, Japan sells more goods to this
country than to any other."
PERFECT BABY WEIGHS 2
POUNDS 11 WEEKS OLD
Tacoma, Wash.—Florence Virginia
Cole is a future voter of Washington
here who is attracting much attention
because at the age of 11 weeks she
weighs only two pounds. The nurses
say she is perfectly normal in every
way and has not been sick at all in
the weeks of her existence in the bas
ket, surrounded by hot water bottles.
She is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs.
J. H. Cole, of Oakland addition, and
weighed juts 1A pounds at birth. It
is possible to slip a finger ring over
her hands and arms to the armpit.
Full length of the baby at birth was
12 1 inches; at eight weeks, 15 \ inch
Congress May Enact
Laws Barring Hindus
Washington, D. C.—Representative
Burnett, of Alabama, chairman of the
house committee on immigration, pre
dicted that as a compromise on the Pa
cific Coast fight to exclude Japanese
and all other Asiatics congress at this
session would enact legislation to bar
out the Hindus.
"Whether the immigration commit
tee will go further than that I do not
know," Mr. Burnett said, "but there
is no gentleman's agreement or fa
vored nation arrangement with Great
Britain so far as the Hindus are con
cerned. There ought to be prompt
legislation to nip in the bud any
steamship arrangements to bring on
an extraordinary number of the Hin
dus, a project which the immigration
bureau once discovered and foiled."
Travel By Coaster Idea.
San Francisco —A roller-coaster with
plenty of seats is being considered as
a means of transporting millions of
visitors from the Ferry building,
where North Coast and overland traffic
end, to the PanaYna-Pacifie exposition,
it is announced officially here. The
distance is perhaps a mile and a half.
The project contemplates an endless
platform, bearing gondolas or cars,
starting 12 or more feet above ground
and sliding down, with machinery to
raise the belt from the foot of the in
cline to a new altitude.
Benefactor of Blind Dies.
Philadelphia — Dr. Robert C. C.
Moon, widely known as a benefactor
of the blind, died Monday from heart
disease after an illness of 18 months.
He was 70 yean old. He continued
the work of publishing books and
charts for the blind from embossed
type which was begun by his father,
Dr. William Moon, of England.
King Thanks Carnegie.
Madrid — King Alfonso has sent an
autographed portrait and a letter of
thanks to Andrew Carnegie for the
diplodoctu east, which Mr. Carnegie
recently presented to the Madrid mu
seum of natural history.
FARM AND ORCHARD
Notts and Instructions from Agricultural CoOtgss mat Bxßtrhnmd Ss^k^
«/ Ongon and Washington. SptdaUy Stdktbk to Padne Cmut ConMhrn
Many Ways to Control
Insect Pests On Farm
Oregon Agricultural College, Cor
vallis — Good farming methods are
necessary to the complete success of
insect control by spraying. Other
very helpful factors are protection of
birds and friendly insects, selection of
resistant strains of plants, and co
operation among neigh bora.
No matter how carefully spraying
has been done during one season, a
goodly number of pests are bound to
escape destruction. These hold-overs
are necessarily among the most hardy
and prolific of the. species, and propa
gation is very rapid among them.
They take shelter in weed piles, brush
heaps, litter and trash scraps, and
odds and ends of last year's crops.
Here they build their nests, deposit
their eggs, and lay by for winter.
Practically every scrap heap about the
farm shelters a brood of pests that
will let loose a swarm of destructive
insects as the warm days of spring
Knowing this, the careful farmer
will rake these farm wastes and by
products into piles and light huge bon
fires when the pleasant days of au
tumn have dried out the trash ready
Myriads of insects, eggs, nests and
food stores will be destroyed in the
burning. This scavenger work will
add immensely to the appearance of
the farm, will destroy vast stores of
weeds and weed seed, favor good
drainage, so that earlier plowing may
be done the following spring, and
wipe out prolific sources of disease
germs. Notwithstanding these many
advantages of cleaning up, the princi
pal gain is in the reduction of the
propagating force of insect pests so
that the following season's crop of
worms, bugs and beetles will be much
smaller than it otherwise would have
been, arrive later and find the crop
stronger to resist them.
"A knowledge of the feeding habits
and the life history of the pests is es
sential to successful growing meth
ods," says Professor A. L. Lovett,
assistant entomologist at' the college.
"With this knowledge, growers may
look ahead and bo manage their land
and crops as to avoid the most serious
losses. The careful rotation of crops;
fall, winter and early spring plowing;
clean cultivation; general cleaning up
of roadways, fence corners, and trash
about the field; the best time for
planting; the proper use of fertil
izers; the use of trap crops; and the
frequent examination of young plants
for insect pests; each in itself is a
big step in the right direction for the
control of insect pests.
"The use of insecticides, while es
sential to the highest production of
truck and garden crops, is not a rem
edy for all troubles that arise from
neglect and abuse. Having the crop
in a clean, thrifty and growing con
dition is the first step."
Crop rotation is often essential be
cause the ground itself becomes in
fested with the insects which devas
tate the crops. This is especially true
of insects of the worm and caterpillar
types. Often, by substituting some
other crop, these pests will either be
starved out or forced to leave.
Other insects, such as grasshoppers,
deposit eggs in holes in the ground in
early autumn, so that the next sea
son's crop of pests can be destroyed by
fall plowing. Where plowing is not
feasible, as in a meadow or pasture,
good results can be obtained by disk
ing the field. If the grower knows
the time of depositing eggs he can
often do much to destroy them by
some cultural methods that are at the
same time helpful to the crop.
Clean cultivation will destroy the
weeds which often harbor the pests,
offering them shelter through the win
ter and facilities for successful prop
agation of the young. And clean cul
tivation means not only the eradica
tion of weeds from among the culti
vated plants, but also the cleaning up
of weed patches in corners, fence
rows, waste places and roadways.
With a knowledge of the time that
a crop of insects destructive to certain
plants is likely to appear, the grower
can often plan to plant the crop either
late enough to escape the insect in
vasion entirely, or early enough that
the plants will have gained sufficient
size and strength to resist it. If this
cannot be done it may be profitable
to substitute another crop, when the
insects threaten to be unusually ac
tive. At any rate, the grower will be
prepared to meet them in the most
effective manner if he knows when
they are likely to appear.
There is, according to Professor
Lovett, a double advantage to be
gained in the use of fertilizers. In
the first place some of the valuable
fertilizers have a distinct action in
killing the insects or driving them
away. The other value of the fertil
izer is found in the fact that its wise
use so strengthens the plants that they
Superb John D.
An efficiency engineer was talking
about presence of mind.
"For presence of mind," he said,
"nobody can equal John D.
"When John D. lived in Cleveland
his next-door neighbor said to him one
"'Smith's cow got into my garden
yesterday and ate a lot of grass and
" 'Yes," said John D. 'It got into
my garden, too. I milked it to the
▼sine of the damage done and then
drove It oof "—New York Tribune.
are able to successfully weather the
attacks of the insects.
The vie of trap crops to entice the
pests away from the more delicate
plants is worthy of more attention
than it has generally received. A
knowledge of the insects' feeding hab
its will often enable the grower to
plant a variety of grain or garden
crops that ;wiil attract insects from
the crops to be protected aa well as
produce a valuable crop of itself.
The life history of the most common
and harmful truck and garden pests is
simply and plainly given in College
Bulletin No. 4, Extension series 2,
called "Insect Pests of Truck and Gar
den Crops." This was prepared by
Professor A. L. Lovett, for use of
gardeners, truckers and school garden
directors for the year 1914. Copies
may be had free of cost by requesting
them of Prof. R. O. Hetsel, Extension
Director, Oregon Agricultural College,
Loganberry Growers Should
Organize, Says Professor
Oregon Agricultural College, Cor
vallis—' 'It is just as necessary for the
loganberry growers to organise as it
was for the apple and prune men,"
says Professor C. I. Lewis, 0. A. C.
horticulturist. "It seems absolutely
necessary that a certain period of or
ganization, "standardization, and co
operation shall be gone through with
before the products are handled in a
satisfactory manner and with profit to
"For years the apple men had no
difficulty whatever in getting rid of
all the fruit they could grow, but in
1912 they encountered many and ser
ious difficulties. As a result there
was a cry of over-production, but it is
now known that over-production had
little to do with it. During the last
ten years we have grown 40 per cent
fewer apples than in the previous ten
years, while 125 per cent more apples
were consumed in New York during
the last ten years than in the previous
' 'Something else was wrong. What
was it? Merely this, the growers did
not attend to the distribution of their
product. They did not advertise nor
educate the people to the possibilities
of the apple, to know the different
varieties and their best seasons for
"The prune men have gone through
the same period of association, and
co-operation and it is found upon look
ing into the history of the industry
that the low prices and apparent over
production were due simply to a lack
of standardization, to a lack of proper
advertising, to a lack of co-operative
methods, a lack of the spirit of work
The loganberry men may profit by
the experience of the other fruit
growers who have learned the value of
organization and standardization. We
should start in right now to standard
ize the loganberry products. Not a
single dried loganberry that is not fit
to eat should be serit out of the state.
Canned goods must come up to the
best standards. The same is true of
jells and jams. And if we put "a juice
on the market let us put on one that
we can stand behind.
"Preliminary steps have already
been taken for the organization of
loganberry growers. A committee of
five, headed by Mr. Britt Aspinwall,
has been selected to prepare a tenta
tive constitution and by-laws and rec
ommend districts of the state that are
entitled to representation, to make
recommendations for having a perma
nent loganberry association in the
"Many loganberry growers are apt
to ask themselves what is the use of
an association of this sort to me, and
is it merely a scheme to get a few dol
lars out of me? There is in reality a
tremendous amount of work to it and I
would like to urge upon every grower
in the state that he become interested
in the loganberry association."
Fruit men should come to the aid of
C. E. 'Whisler, who is representing
their interests in the proposed nation
al legislation at' Washington, by writ
ing him or their congressmen in favor
of the standard box bill and against
including apples and pears in cold
storage measures. In order to be suc
cessful, Mr. Whisler must be able to
make a showing before the commit
tees in charge of the bills, says Pro
fessor Lewis, O. A. C. horticulturist.
The dairy demonstration train serv
ice came to a most successful end.
By universal consent of farmers and
the state press, the Agricultural col
lege and the railway company have
shown their interest in the most prac
tical and helpful way that can be de
The snort course students at 0. A.
C. have decided to present their appre
ciation fund to the committee on Stu
dent Loan fund.
No Mode for Him.
William (who has been persuaded to
contribute to oar annual concert) —
Can 'cc tinkle "Varmer's Boy," miss?
Squire's Daughter — Have you
brought your music?
William—Music! I don't sing by
music; I sings by hearsay. — London
William D. Mahon, international
president of the Amalgamated Assoei
stion of Street and Electric Hallway
Employes, has been appointed a mem
ber of the Detroit monidpal street
railway board of eommimioners.