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Vole lo THE ifiPfelt laltPfMS, PUBLISHED EVERT SATURDAY AI— AVit'OBTES, WASHINGTON TEH., By ALF. D. BOWEN & CO. Ra(e» In all cases invariable lu advance. One year, • f2 00 Six months, I * Ihreo mouths, .... 75 Legal Advertising Kates; One Square (12 lines), first insertion, fl 00 Each subsequent insertion, - plfTwelve Nonpareil lines or less, or one Inch of space constitute a square. Sixteen inches constitute one column. All bills for advertising payable monthly. For all transient advertising, payment must be made la advance. Business (lards $1 per line per year, but [no card will be Inserted for less than $5. • Business Locals, first Insertion, 10 cents per line; for each subsequent Insertion 5 cents per Hue. No business local Inserted for less than a 0 cents. Marriage Notices free. Death Notices free —if, accompanied by extended remarks, 5 cents per Hue will be charged. Religions notices and notices for really cnaritable purposes, will be published free for a single week; one-half rates for a longer period. Wo shall be obliged to any person who will furnish us with any Information of local in terest. No notice can ho token of anonymous com munications. Whatever is intended for pub lication must b? authenticated by the name and address of the,writer; not necessarily fpr publication, but as a guaranty of good faith. Wo do not hold ourselves responsible for any views or oplnlouß expressed in the common.*- «ationc of our correspondents. Subscribers not receiving their paper regu larly will confer a favor by giving notice of tbu aaiuu ut this oltico. ENTERPRISE DIRECTORY. TerrltorJnl O/Dcers. P'lcgato to Congress, Thomas H. Brents. Governor, William A. Nowell. B»arotar/, *. H. Owing*. STiAliftTohas. B. Hopkins. V. 8. Attorney, John B. Allen. Auditor, Thomas M Beed. Treasurer, T. N. Ford. Surveyor-General, Win. McMlcken. Judge Ist.Jud. Diet., 8. .0- Wt gard. Judge 3d Jed. Diet., John HoVt. Judge 3U Jud. Diet., R. 8. Oroone. Register U.’S. Land Office, J. T. Brown. Receiver D. b. Laud Office, H. O. Stuart. Whatcom (bounty Ofllcera. Auditor. H. Clothier. ,Treasurer, Thomas Oonno, Sheriff, James O'Lsughlin. Assessor, James O’Laughlin. Probate /hdge, H. J. White. Surveyor, H. P. Stewart. Coroner, Q. N. Crandall. Sebool gupt., W. H. Fonts, Commissioners: F. £. Ollkey, D. B. Henderson Sad H4P. Downs. ■an Jim Co"nty Officer*. Auditor, J. L. Sheerer, Friday Harbor. Treasurer, Israel Kata, Ban|Juan. Sheriff, John Kelly, Probate Judge, J. L. Sheerer, Friday Harbor. Surveyor, E. O. Gillette. Commissioners; Win. Graham, of Lopes; Tbos. Fleming, of Ban Juan; Hi. I'lohols, of Of cay. gtesmhosts. CHEHALI3—Ospt. Brownfield, a -rives f.-om Feattle. Tuesday morn) ngs'earrylug U.;B. Mall. Re turning from Whatcom Wednesuay moaning, f WELCOME—Ospt, Brannan, arrives from Seattle. Monday nights and Friday morning. Returning from Whatcom on Tuesday morning and Friday afternoon, of each week. DISPATCH—Oapt. Williams arrives from Pt. Town send Saturday morning carrying D. 8. Mall. Re turns from Swmiahmoo Sunday morning. .Tide Table. From tables of United States Coast fo Ship Harbor complete. K. non wateb. low wares. Hate. a. k. ft. v. u. ft. a. h. ft. r. u. ft. ~4 i~9B l" 8 419 9 TOP 6 010 1 fi 64a .7 »18 8 141 6 100 0 0 7176 953 8 986 6 164 0 1 861 6 10 39 8 829 6 966 1 • 10 93 6 11 97 8 439 4 368 2 9 11 66 b 11 40 8 633 8 600 3 10 1- r 834 3 604 4 .To ge~ the tide at Whatcom figure thirty minutes Ut r;Be nlahmou, sixty minutes later. *nd Lacon- Btr jviiijr two hours later. Corrected weekly. t* ih* tnUvtsts*t »** »** 3wa» ®»««tUs »*tfe tfc* wk*U firvthmst. THE SHIPBUILDING OPENING. Recently we had occasion to count up the number or practical ship carpenters and ship joiners who are owners of farms ®r places near us in Whatcom and San Juan counties. We find within half a days sail by skiff through the islands, of our own knowledge, nine experienced shipbuilders, whose combined labor, we are informed, would in less than a year complete the hull of a thousand ton steam er, or sailing vessel, including the spars. In this connection, is it not worth while for us to note that there is a “ boom” just now in wooden shipbuilding on the Paci fic coast? When there is profit in owning ships, shipping merchants can afford to pay higher prices for building them; and a greater tonnage is commonly built at very liberal figures than otherwise. In 1850, when charters were in such groat demand from all the Atlantic ports for California, the price per ton paid for building wooden ships was as high as SSO, and the yards were crowded. That was the time when Donald McKay’s little yard at East Boston began to flourish, and when it grew rapidly into the greatest shipyard in the world; when Webb at New York, and other shipbuilders, along with the shipping merchants at the port, laid the foundation cf their great wealth. McKay frequently has lour 2000 ton ships on the stocks at onoe. The “ Sovereign of the Seas,” of 24.00 tons burthen, was built in eight weeks’ time, at SSO a ton ter hull and spars. The Uni ted States then had not only the largest but the best shipyard in the world. The mercantile marine of this country rivaled that of England, and excelled that of every other nation in the world. Then the civil war broke out, fhe pri vateers were let loose, and what was not destroyed of A.mericaa shipping was most ly transferred to the English fleg. Dull times following, attention to interior de velopments, mines and railroads, and the advent of the iron ship, from the Clyde, together kept Uncle Sam pretty much ashore, down to 1881. Altbouth the Del aware produced many iron ships our ca pacity for reproducing a mercantile navy of wooden material by a body of trained mechanics as of old, has been held in abeyance by the supposed final superior ity of iron. We now learn something more by experience; that twice as many iron ships are lost than wooden ones: ana that the underwriters will not insure the iron ship? on equally favorable terms with wooden. They cost more and the risk of ownership is greater. It ie a proposition—capable of demon stration from the data in band—that our tonnage for the seas must in the approach ing years show an increase like that we have seen in our railway mileage by land in the several years past; and the mated < al will be wood, as extensively as iron. All the ports from Puget Sound to sun Francisco are crowded with ymrk and have been turning out work with con stantly Increasing rapidity. Such is the demand that shipbuilders have recently been compelled, through over-abundance of work to decline contracts; instances, the Dickie Bros., at San Francisco, and the Hall Bros., at Port Blakely. The yetsela built at San Francisco dur ing 1881, says the Alla, number 35, hav ing an aggregate tonnage of 5985, viz: Steamer Mexico, 1707 tons; barkentiue W. H. Dimond, 391 tons; barkentine W. Q. Irwin, 348 tons; schooner Anna, 239 tons; steamer Bonita, 430 tons; brig Tabita, 290 tons; schooner Wm. Arkman, 144 tons; schooner Wing and Wing, 142 tons; schooner Howard, 125 tons; atpajner State of Sonora, 600 tons; and steamer Crescent City, 350 tons. Among the vessels built at Eureka and on Puget Sound are barkentine Klickitat, 893 tons; Kitsap, about the same size; Re triever, do; Uncle John, 835 tons; Mary Winkleton, 532 tons; Wrestler, 471 tons; schooner Annie Larson, 377 tons; Bertha Dolheer, 243; Dakota, 335; Geo. C. Per kin?, 386; Halcyn, 204; J. G. North, 837; James A. Garfield, 838; Jo Russ, 192; Lot- Auacortow, T„ 9 JTuliu© 3 9 tie Carson, 287; M. C. Russ, 1(>2; Maggie C. Russ, 193; Maria E. Smith, 365; "Vega, 245; Chns, Hanson, 193; barkentine, Mrs. Maknh, 673 tons. Besides these there are a number ot steamers intended for local ;uec, such as the Hope, Biz, etc. Dickie Bros, at San Francisco have in hand a steam whaler of 700 tons, a bark of nearly the same size, and, in addition, two more steam whaling vessels of about 800 tons are contracted for, the first to be finished by October Ist. Adjoining Dickies’ is a steam schooner for the lum* her trade, nearly completed. At Rum-* boldt bay there are seven vessels of vari ous sizes on the stocks. At Umpqua a large three masted schooner is well ad vanced, and at bay a fine three-masted schooner of a carrying ca pacity of 330.000 feet of lumber is build ing, and at Masrhfield a fine barkeqtine is on the stocks and will socn be finished. At Beabeck, W- J. Adams has nenrly.com pleted a fine sbooner, and intends starting a barkentinc of 500 tons immediately. At Port Blakely, the Hall Bros, have just completed and launched a fine barkentinc, have another on the stocks well advanced, and have the keel aud frames out for a bark of about 800 tons. Our mercantile navy, to be composed largely of steamships connecting with the transcontinental roads, will again com*' pare favorably with others of (he leading nation;) of the world. It costa here to build a wooden vessel of 100 tuns about SSO per ton; of 200 tons $42 to $43; of 600 tons tbout S3O per ton; of a 1000 ton vessel for $25 to S2B. It cssts to lit up a shipyard .with all the necessary tools and appliances not commonly owned by jour neymen about £IOO. It need not even be located near a sawmlsl, for a couple of schooner loads will comprise the stuff. For knees some men need only to be started into the woods to dig them from the roots of the fir. And ttys is the way they used to build their ships down in Afuine: A ship cap* tain fami'iar with some profitable line of trade au*i having, perhaps, a little money, would put in an appearance, and give possession of his facts to a convenient merchant. The merchant would talk the matter over with his acquaintances,the in* dividual mechanic. Having found the two essentials, the proper captain and the trade, the merchant thes offered to fur nish the supplies and the uecessar, mate* rials, while the mechanics did the work; both in consideration of the proper nnm* ber of shares, which were distributed and owed pc-operately. A few cpmmonly preferred to work fur hire, and were paid. In this way the shipbuilders of Maiup in the course of time became the ship own ers and merchants of the Atlantic corat, of Boston and of New York. Such are among the opportunities to which we can direct the attention of eur neighbors, the ship carpenters, who heve turned farmers in Whatcoinand San Juan counties. “Eighty years ago,” -aid old father Stewart, of Semiahmoo, diverting into coon banting stories suggested by our large fireplace, ,ar the high backed chair in the Ektbfrisb office, “ the principal occupation of all energetic men in the eastern part ot Pennsylvania, near Harris burg, was coon bunting.” pis “pappy” and uncle were like the rest fond ol the sport, while making a liviug out of it. The narrator, then a boy of b years of age, on one occasion went Suddenly the uncle disappeared in the darkness. “Drop that ax,” was beard from unknown depths. ‘ Whulfor?” “Drop it and come along.” Pappy obeyed as did the nar rator, only to suable into a deep bole or cave which had trapped the uncle, and to be laughed at, while thus cheated of hav ing a good laugh at the expense of the uncle. Key. Win. M. Stewart was born on the Monongahela, in 1704; was a neighbor ot Qeorge Washington at one time; fought the British Ip America in 181*4 and the Indians in the Pluck Hawk war; and EIGHT Y YEAFS AGO. worked and traveled with Peter Cart* wjigbt as a preacher, “People,” says Mr. Stewart, *' arc not now as they were 50 to SO years ago in several respects; for in stance, pobody pow wans to burn a wo* man lor being a wit®b* .The government does not now imprison drunkards and fools tor debt, and turning the women and children adrift. Peoph *fe .not so sectarian as they were; but they are ‘scien* tifically cieaner.’ ” In his youth people got drunk every time they met. The Methodists all dressed alike. At elce* tions the first thing attended to was the bottle, then fighting and voting incident* ally. People wore low crowned, wool and fur hats with * narrow brim. Some men went barefooted always, and all went barefooted at plowing. Religious people in general got intoxicated, and many were most pious when they got drun>.; it was considered quite the thing. Indians were more numerous in Stewart’s rccol* lection in Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana than now on Puget Sound, but he never saw as many lialf-breeds as we have here, This country is harder to settle, because we are farther away from all old settle ments. In the east people s warmed once in a while like bees. They would come here now if there w&s a road that they could travel. Mr. Stewart thinks the towns on Puget Sound will be as big as the people will need. He does not like rich men quite as well as poor men because be finds a poor man is commonly kind acceding to his ability. Women have made wonderful changes in dress and otherwise. -In his earliest recollec* tion they dressed in petticoats and short gowns, and narrow felt hats. Women now know just as much about cooking as they formerly did, but they cannot spin nor weave. He was quite an old man when be first saw a ,jvoman take up a pen and write with it freely. Father Stewart tells many a good story, and he shows by the merry twinkle of bis ey p when the point is arrived at, how much be enjoys it. jjtvEsxioira, Editor Enterprise; your permissiqp we desire to sup pose two or three cases and ask a ques tion which we propose to leavs with your readers to answer as it may strike them: Suppose the Northern Pacific railroad instead of building this road right across from Pen d’Oreille lake to the Straits of Fuca should conclude to adopt the li*e . fready built down to Wallula or some other point, jmd then angle up i? a northerly direction to Puget Sound, form ing a great letter V across the territory, and then rest horn their labor and say it is finished; we have got all we want and as we want it. Then suppose the Chicago and North western, which is evidently heading for the Sound, should build by way of Boze-. man, and through the newly-discovered pass of the Bitter Hoot river, down the Clearwater to Lewiston. Thence keeping the satpe general direction and crossing the Columbia soiqewbeie in the Crab creek country, and so on up the Columbia to Wenachee valley. From there cross ing over into the Skagit valley, an.d end on or near the Straits of Fuca. Or suppose that otf. account of the new route of the Canadian Pacific coming so near the boundary lino between the Cas cades and Rockies, a c empany should be formed by the Canadian Pacific Syndi cate that would commence at the Straits and build a road up the Skagit valley, and so on over to the Okinakan river valley, thence to the boundary line con necting with the Canadian Pacific some where in that vicinity. In the event of first supposition or either pi the last two happening, where would the Northern Pacific be as a short through route to the Atlantic ocean? A special election will beheld at Olym pin on Monday next to vote upon the question of levying a tar. ot 2i mills for lire purposes. MORE ABOUT THE SAMISH. Editor Enterprise The three who made the trip up tbp Samish, lately described in your columns, although visionaries, demonstrated some very important facts, which.l concidec *of interest to the people of the lower Bound. Among others, that a valley exists above Capt. Warner’s, heretofore almost un known, at least 30 miles in length, if we include the Whatcom Lake branch. The valley is wide enough to admit of two farms abreast, which would make J?0 farms of JfiO acres each. This no doubt would be doubled by the bench claims and smaller claims in the valley, making 240 claims in all. Allowing a family fqr? each claim and five in each family, we have a population of 1,200. But what makes this valley of the mostvipjportaljce at the present time is its lumber supply, which can hardly be overestimated,.espea dally now that the late explorations ap> pear to warrant the balief that , the lum ber, capacity of Alaska have beep greatly exaggerated, and that it cannot be de pended upon.for any great amount tor commercial purposes. If this be so, ft increases the importance of Puget Bound many fold, and particularly the garnish country, as this section is probably the best timbered of any. Muck good timber is passed through in reaching the south branch,'but nothing like that growing ou the benches of the mountains bordering both sides of the valley. I thought I had seen good timber before, but bad never imagined anything equalling this. Ce dars 10H or mor?, without <a knot or limb; firs from 159 to 200 feet, ns clear as a quill, and standing so thicklythe light of the sun seldom reaches the ground in places, covering all the benches, bench after bench, mile after mile, even to the very summit of the mountain, and contin uing on around the bead of the valley. That this timber can be brought safely and cheaply down to tbs valley there is no doubt, and that a way will be provided to bring it down to tide water is equally certain. This vast amount of timber, to P getber with the other resources of thy country, insures this. The expedition having been uddertaken mainly to prospect lor croppings of coal, we were somewhat disappointed in our search, and also surprised, to find the for mation so different from what it is at the Skagit coal mines (the writer had sumo experience in the early discovery of the Skagit coal), and not at all like the &jr» mation described in geology aa coal bear* log. The first bench seems to tie resting on soft sandstone—soapstone some call it. All the benches above this are com posed of a soft slate, highly impregnated with plnmbago; so much so in places as to make it glisten like coal, and be easily mistaken for it at a distance, This for mation, revealed in all the canyons of the creeks, continues on up at least half if ay to the summit. Wo brought specimens with ns, which parties having experience in prospecting for coal in the Puget Sound basin, and they tell us that plumbago is a good sign, and that such a formation as el ten over* lays coal as sandstone. It is possible the plumbago itself would pay, as it pen be shoveled out like morter in places, 4lto* gether we consider this a remarkable country, and added to the already plored Skagit country, including the com* bined deltas of the Samish and Skagit, makes quite little empire of itself, richer perhaps ill all the combined re-* soyrees ot material wealth than any other like area ot territory iu the known world. And right here the question pre sents itself, when all this wealth is dev eloped, where will meet the ships of the ocern? It seems t.g us that our cham pion townsite locators and capitalists should bestir themselves, for if we »is take not, the signs of the times seem to indicate that such a place will be ueedecj as soon as it can be made ready. Yours, etc., Observer. IVQo JL IU )PIIOSPB£TOQ.