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NORTHWEST _. ENTERPRISE.
Voie I. 'j£nlci;jm.'ic PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY AT ANACORJES, WASH. TER F^, ALF. D. BOWEN & CO. F. M. WALSH. ALF, T>. BOWKN. Hubserfptiou Bntwi In nil oases invariably In advance. 0„e year. - - * ‘ * f 7 Vj, Hi\ iimnths, ... * - i -m Three months, * •** \tlvcrtlsinsr Halms One Square (13 lines), rtrst insertion, |1 00 Each subsequent,insertion, - - jay Twelve Nonpareil lines or less, or one Inch of space, constitute t »square. Sixteen inches constitute one column. All bills for advertising payable monthly. For all transient advertising, payment must be made in advance. Business t'ardsll per line per year, but no card will be inserted lor less than id. Business Locals, llrst insertion, 10 cents per Hue; for each subscq nenl insertion 5 cents per line. No business local inserted for less than 50 cents. Marriage Notices free. Death Notices fro* —if accompanied by extended remarks, 5 cents per line will be charged. Religious notices and notices for really cuarUuole purposes, will be published free for a single week; one-half rules for a longer period. VVc shall bo obliged to any person who will furnish us witu any lufonnulMMi ‘of local in terest. * No notice cun be taken of anonymous com munications. Whatever Is Intended for pub lication mint be authenticated by the mime and address of the writer; not necessarily for publication, but us a guaranty of good faith. Wo do not hold ourselves responsible for ahy views or opinions expressed in the eoinmunl e.ttlons of our correspondents. Subscribers not receiving their paper regu larly will confer a favor by giving notice of tue same at this olUee. ENTERPRISE DIRECTORY. Territorial Ofllrrr*. Delegate to Congress, Thomas H. Brents. Governor, William A. Newell. Secretary, N. H.Owing*. Marshal, Oha*. B. Uopkin*. U. H. Attorney, John H, Allen. Auditor, Tlianias M. Keed, Treasurer. T. N. lord. Surveyor-General, Wm. McMtoken. Juil»;o Ist.dud. L>lst., 8. 0. Wlugiird. Judge 2J Jud. Ulat., John Hoyt. Judge HI Jud. Diet., U, S. Oreene. Register U. 8. Laud Office, J. T. Brown. Receiver U. 8. Laud Office, K. O. Stuart. Whatcom t'oimty Olßcera. Andltor. H. Clothier. Tr lasun-r, Thomas Conne. Sheriff, James O'Laughltu. Assessor, James O'Lnngliliu. Probate Judge, H. J. Whits. Surveyor, H. P. Stewart. C Toner, G. N. Crandall. School isupt., W. H. Fonts, Ooiinuisaloners; F. E. (illkey. D. B. Henderson snd U. P. Downs, Nan Juan Comity Officer*. Auditor, T. L. Sheerer, Prldsy Rsrbor. Treasurer. Israel Rats, Han Juan. Sheriff, John Kelly, Probate Jndgo, J. L. Sheerer, Friday Harbor. Surveyor, E. 0. Gillette. Oommiaslonera; Wm. Graham, of Lopes; Tbos. Fleming, of San Juan; Mr. Nlchola, of Orcaa. Nt cam boat*. CHEHALIB—Capt. Brownfield, arrives from Seattle. Moiidav evenings, carrying U. S. Mail. Be* turning from Whatcom Wednesday morning. WELCOME -Capt. Brannan, arrives from Seattle. Monday nights and Friday morning. Betiirning from Whaloom on Tuesday and Friday after* tiouaa of each week. DISPATCH—Capt. M egan, arrives from Pt. Town aond Saturday morning carrying U. S. Mail. Re turn* from S.-miahmoo Sunday morning. Title Ttable. From tables of United States Coast Survey for Ship Harbor, complete. HIGH WATER. LOW WATER. m m n Bate. A. m. g p, u. 3 A.M. |p.m. s June « u.i tp• i) | li.Oii hi 6.1(1 7T4.40 4 ’* M 1.46 6 11.341 8 6.11 1 6.47 6 *' 27 —j 3.13 7! 7.00 0| 6.61 6 " 28 0.13 aHI 4.38 8 7.42 0 7.68 7 " 29 0.58 8 j 6.36 8 i 8.28 1 ) 9.08 7 , “ *0 1.30 8 I 614 9 , 9.04 1 10.02 7 July 1 3.) yj 8 I 0.41 0! 9.46 1 I 11.04 6 To gat the tide at Whatcom figure thirty minutes later; Seuitahmou, sixty minutes later, and Lacon ocf nearly two hours later. Corrected weekly. t*tfce (Kttmd *< «*> g#»3«s# jgewitit* #*> th* g**tM»s*t. A Mter on the table lies; I do not recognize the band. And yet my heart is throbbing fast, and There’s a joy-light In my yearning cyea. Is it from my mother, old and gray. Or from the little trusting maid Whose heart I won before I strayed Out to the mountains, Joagues away? Before I break the seal 1 press My Ups npon the envelope, And obi s bounteous wealth of hope Is lavished In that aoft caruss. Peace, fluttering heart! Ob, aoul, sit stilll Why should my trembling frame recoil? My letter conies from Bridget Doyle; It Is—lt Is my laundry bill! —Bret Harte. AiVONU THE INLANIM OP PBUET NO CXI). The following interesting article is taken from advance sheets of the forthcoming work, “Oregon and Washington,” by Newton 11. Chittenden: The San Juan group of islands, some thirty in number, composing the county of San Juan, W. T., contain an aggregate area of about 250 square miles. They arc situated between the waters ef the Gulf of Georgia and the Straits of Juan de Puca, the island of Vancover, British Columbia and Whatcom county, Wash* ington Territory. They have an average elevation of ab<.ut 250 feet, not including Mount Dallas, of San Juan, with an alti tudeof 1080 feet, and Mount Constitu tion, which rises 2500 feet a’mvc the sea level from the island of Orcas. A thick growth of fir, cedar and spruce covets their surface, extending down to the bluff and rocky shores. Though better adapt* ed to grazing Mian agriculture, they com prise considerable areas of good farming The soil of the uplands is gener ally a light sandy or gravelly loam, peat and black loam, with a clayey upsoil pre vailing on the bottoms. All the cereals and roots commonly grown in the terri tory west of lhe Cascade range flourish finely. Apples, plums, cln rries, straw berries, and other small fruits of excel lent quality are raised in abundance. The climate is moist, mild, equable and health - ful; the summers too cool lor earn, toma toes, melons, poaches and grapes, though the former arc grown in a few sheltered warm places. Water of good quality is obtained everywhere. The forests abound with deer, otter and mink, and the sur rounding waters with salmon, halibut, and other excellent fish. There are no beasts of prey or poisonous reptiles, and but few mosquitoes. Of these islands are settled San Juan, Orcas,-Lopez,’ Blakely, Decatur, Waldron, Shaw’s, Stewart, Spei den, Guemes and Fidalgo, with a popu lation of 889 |>eople. of many national ities, chiefly Americans, English,Candians, Irish and Scandinavians. A few Indians still inhabit these shores, but arc peacea bly inclined. An examination of the county records, through the kindness of Judge Shercr, the county auditor, shewn 42,89fl acres of improved lands, property assessed at $181,162, including 16,000 sheep, 3,000 head ot horned cattle, and 1,000 head «f horses. Those portions best suited to agriculture, are already oc cupied, though much available timber land is still open to settlement under homestead and pre emption laws. Im proved farms are valued at from $3 to S3O an acre. Bun Jaun island, the largest ot the group, and containing about half the population of the county, is about 18 miles long, with an average width of four miles. It became famous in history from its joint occupation by the American and English forces, from 1858 to 1878, during the pendency of the Sun Juan boundary dispute. The princi pal buildings of both American and Brit ish campe are still standing, the former on the northeast and the latter on the south west shore. Sheep raising, mixed farm ing, and the manufacture of lime are the chief industries of the people. It sup ports 5,000 sheep, in pretty good condi tion, throughout the year, without feed ing, except in severe seasons. The aver age wool clip is about three pounds each. The limestone deposits arc among the most extensive and purest in the world. Anacortesj Wc Saturday? Jime THE LETTEE. Shu Juan lime has no superior 5u the mar*- ket, tor fineness and strength. At Eureka, theYaquina took on board over 700 barrels of lime from the kiln of McLachlan & Lee. It burns perpetually, producing about 800 barrels annually, worth at their landing from $1 to |1.25 per barrel. The lime rock is apparently inexhaustible. An analysis shows it to be remarkably free from clay, silica, oxide of Iron, bitumen, carbon or other deleters ous substances. Onetheeveningof the 16th we sailed from this beautiful little bar bor for McCqrdy’s kilo, situated on the south side of the island. The combined landscape of these islands is exceedingly picturesque and charming. Their shores present a continuous surprise ol cosy coves and harbors with an occasional stretch of clean, gravelly beach, overhung with the evergreen cedar and fir. In many places the off-lying waters are so deep that the ships may run their bow sprits among the forest trees, without touching bottom. Leaving the islands of Shaw, Orcas and Stewart, on our right, we arc soon in tiie waters of Canal de Haro. Here such a strong wind is en countered, that we turn back and anchor for the night close to the shore in 83 feet of water, in Roche harbor, the rendez vous of the English fleet during the joint occupation of San Juan. The tallowing morning the Yaquina received 500 more barrels of lime from McCurdy’s. These lime works are the most extensive on the upper const. A perpetual kiln with a daily capacity of 135 barrels, burns day and night the whole year round. About 3000 barrels a month are shipped, the principal markets being Portland, Victo ria, B. C., and points on the Sound. The deposit of lime rock there is i umense—a mountain cliff extending buck trom the shore and downward for an unknown depth, estimated to bo inexhaustible for two or three generations, at an annual product of 30,000 barrels. A force ot about thirty men are employed in mining, burning, coopering, etc. The lime is ot superior quality and in great demand for hard-finishing and other plaster-work. Here I bade goodbye to the officers and crew of the steamer Yaquina, and with the injunction from Capt. Denny net to get lost, started through the forest for Thornton’s, eight miles distant. There is no regular communication between these islands, or them and the main land, ex cept by the little steamer Dispatch, which calls tor mail once a week, and she is now ashore on Shaw island. Their principal truffle, except the shipment of lime, is carried on by sloops and small boats. I bad previously arranged to meet Capt. Dake at the landing mentioned, and sail with him tor Victoria. Through a gen eral disagreement as to location, the roads of San Juan were in bad condition. For several miles I found only a tortuous trail; but with the aid of a compas and previous experience, after many detours of marshy places and difficult passages of dense fir thickets, I reached Friday har bor just in time to escape a severe storm. But few of the settlers along the way were at home; they generally live in small frame or log cabins, cultivate small fields among the stumps, raise a few chick ens, and hunt and fish. I passed one Swede, two Irishmen, one English woman, one Canadian, one half-breed and one American. At Friday harbor I was fortunate in meeting Mr. Izott, special cruising inspec tor of customs, a pioneer of 1854, who has children over twenty-four years old, who were born on Wind by island. He complains of the meffiency of his service, owing to the want of a steam launch to enable him to overhaul any vessel sus pected ot smuggling. This is the county seat of San Juan, and comprises a wharf, store and a restaurant, owned by Mr. Sweeny; the company building, and a few residences. Three steamships landed 3500 immi grants at New York. Several California ladies went among them to secure bouse servants to supplant the Chinese. A Big: Land Scheme. A gigantic land and colonization scheme was completed in Chicago, May 31. The Duke of Manchester and President Ste phen ot the Canada Pacific railroad came from the West and met R. B. Angus, Vice President of the Canada Pacific and Mr, Scarth, of Cochrane, Scarth & Co., «f Toronto. Besides these, the parties in interest include Robert Tennant, of Leeds, England, and Mr. Todd, of the firm of W. F. Kennedy & Co,, of New York, rep resentatives of the Scotch and Canada Pacific syndicates, in fact practically all the large land syndicates, besides capital-* ists in Paris, London, Montreal, New York and other points are interested in the scheme. The plan as outlined with the Duke of Manchester as President, is as follows: The syndicate represents a capital of $15,000,000. It proposes to buy |9,000,000 of unsold bonds of the Canada Pacific road, now held by the bank of Montreal, and take the second issue of $6,000,000 of bonds of the road not yet in the market, paying par for them. In turn, the Canada Pacific agrees to accept these bonds in payment for lands granted to it by the Canadian government, which are to be taken chief ly in the Saskatchewan country at the rate of $1 10 an acre. The grant to the Canada Pacific was 25,000,000 acres, of which 23,000,000 acres remain unsold. The combination proposes to take 11,000,- 000 ocres on the terms mentioned. Con nected with it is an immense colonization scheme, including, among ether things, the erection of farmhouses for settlers un able to build and the selling of them on easy terms. It is staled that one of the effects of the scheme will be to insure the early completion of the Canada Pacific Railroad. Ladles' Fashions. The spring fashions are to be taken cum grano tills. For some years past ladies’ fashions have i>een neither simple nor graceful. But the quest for novelty, and the milliners interest in furnishing sim pie people, with more money than taste, an opportunity to get rid of their money under the fashions delusions, those create a regular market for Butterick’s monthly varieties and the like. Shapeless enormi ties in hats, bundle s of useless folds across the front, about the middle, before and behind, great sprawling points with out purpose or beauty, ruffling and shir ring in all sorts of places ad libitum, sup posed to be fine because they are costly; square and angular lines in violence to each other, and all these combined with trails, tics and fastenings to impede loco motion. Yet wo would not criticise the fashion business; the fashions are sacred to the feminine soul; it is only to those de vices which are invented to enable shoddy and ugliness to compete successfully with modest simplicity and beau*y that we re fer, and with such the season seems to be liberally supplied. Simon Frazier fought in the war of 1813, drifted ashore on a single -timber from his raft which the St Lawrence rapids bad knocked to pieces, was blown fifteen feet into the air by the premature discharge of a blast, assisted in a boiler explosion on the Hudson, was brought home halt dead from three other acci dents ot which the particulars have not been preserved, twice recovered from ill ness after the doctors had given him up, and finally died in peace and hope re cently in the Home lor the Aged, on the Troy road, at the age of 105 years. As evidence of the rapid growth and development of eastern Washington the Cheney Sentinel cites the fact that during the month ot May the N. P. land office in that place sold $71,000 in lands, making the largest sales in any one month since the opening of the office. The last week the sales amounted to 10,153 acres, the best illustration of the rapidity with which that country is settling up that can possibly be obtained. The Prater River Freshet. Just as the thrifty, mdustrons farmers and stockraisers in I*ew Westminster dis trict had recovered from the disastrous effects of the 1876 floods, and when a much larger area of land was under crop, with the certainty of commandin'? good cash prices, down came a nr torrent from the mountains, overflowing the river banks, backing up all the streams and sloughs, and covering the grain and hay fields with water. On the Sumas prairie alone there are 30,000 acres of arable land overflowed. The water is about three inches higher than it was six years ago, and the rise was so rapid and unexpected (as extreme high water has not come in any year since the settlement of the Fraser till nearly a month later) that it was with great difficulty stock could be removed. Many animals are now suffering severely and standing in from a foot to three teet of water. The difficulty of getting them to the high grounds and mountains is very great, to say nothing of the danger of wading over the prairie, swimming the hollows and sloughs, and mad streams before dry ground can be reached. Several losses have occurred already. Mr. Keith bad nine head drowned, and several other farmers lost three or four each. A num ber of families were obliged to leave their comfortable homes, and fly to the mountains for shelter. Others have gone to their neighbors, whose holdings are not so much under water as their own. With but one exception every bouse on the Snmrs prairie is surrounded by water, the depth varying from six inches to three or four feet. Fences, outhouses, farming implements, cord wood, furniture and trees were carried off and floated promiscuously with the current. A large number of the settlers will lose from SSOO to S3OOO each. Many are entirely ruined, and to save theft" families from actual want will be obliged to abandon their farms and go to work as day laborers on the railroad. —Colonist. Nlu of Countries. Greece is about the size of Vermont, Palestine is about one-fourth the size of New York. Hindustan is more than abundrad times as largo as Palestine. The Great Desert of Africa is nearly the present dimensions of the United States. The Red sea would reach from Wash* ington to Colorado, and it is three times as wide ns Lake Ontario. The English channel is nearly as large as Lake Superior. The Mediterranean, if placed across North America, would make sea naviga tion from San Diego to Baltimore. The Caspian sea would stretch from New York to St. Augustine, and is as wide as from New York to Rochester. Great Britain is two-thirds the size of Japan, one-twelfth the size of Hindos tan, one-twentieth of China, and one twenty-fifth of the United States. The Gulf of Mexico is about ten times the size of Lake Superior, and about as large as the Sea of Kumscbatka, Bay of Bengal, China Sea, Ochotsk, or Japan Sea. Lake Ontario would go in either of them more than fifty times. The following bodies of water are nearly equal in size: German Ocean, Black Sea, Yellow Sea; Hudson Bay is larger; the Baltic, Adriatic, Persian Gulf, and JSgean Sea, half as large, and some what larger than Lake Superior. The lumber business of Chicago is pro digious. Movements of lumber by rail from that city amount at the present time to about 4,000,000 feet a day. lever aged for the entire year almost 0,000,000 feet a day, or GOO carloads leaving the city every twerty-four hours. It is esti mated that from 2000 to 3000 Acres,of timber land are stripped every twenty four hours to supply the lumber which finds market at Chicago. Strong language utterly fails to bolster up a weak argument No. 14.