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sOgood cigarettes for 10c from one sack of GENUINE BULL" DURHAM / 3 5 , TOBACCO THE OPEN FORUM Expressions of Opinion From Some of the Many Examiner Readers and Subscribers THK INDEMNITY Forty-six billion dollars is the tidy sum that Germany is expected to pay to the allies. In the eyes of just men is it right they should pay it or not? Germany, in the year 1918, said they would make America pay one hundred billion dollars if they should win the war. They would take all France and really would swallow all of England. In January, 1871, the French capi tol was surrendered to the king of Prussia. The peace delegation of Germany told the French that they must pay an indemnity of five thous and million francs and Alsace together with a large part of Lor raine and they said "Sign this treaty in 48 hours or we will take all of France." Consequently it was ceded to them. I honestly believe no honest Ger man, except it be a Hun, would op pose a just payment but the Hun, who is no surprise to me for he is a bully and a bully always begs for mercy when at bay but has no mercy for others. I fail to find in history where mercy ever was given by a Hun.—Yours truly, Ambrose May. WHITES STATE SENATOR Kettle Falls, Feb. 21. Senator W. Lon Johnson, Olympia. Dear Sir—ln the matter of the \ rU Sales Tax Levy I think it is time that the tax payers should have something to say instead of laying as lambs to be shorn. In this time of 509f normal business conditions, it appears that our legislative bodies have not gotten out of the habit of thinking in terms of billions of $, but are mad with the idea of sky rocketing appropriations and taxa tion, continually adding to but taking nothing off. The general public to day is in the position of the "Tar Baby" swatted on one side by the federal government and then on the other by the state. Their biffing capacity i.s that of the centipede, and each blow sticks. From the begin ning of history in all countries at various times, the people have groan ed under the burden of excessive taxation. The past need be mention ed as only an example, for we are now vitally interested in the present, and it is time for all good men to rally to the hue and cry—STOP! The signs of the times warrant pruning instead of grafting. If conditions become much worse, it would be some relief for business men to turn their affairs over to the government; but in this event, if legislative and administrative forces did not conduct business more effi ciently than they do governmental affairs, there would soon be no busi ness, and as a consequence, no taxes. You will be serving the interests of your constituents best by helping to nip this proposed piece of legislation in the bud.—Respectfully, J. H. Slagle. NEEDED LEGISLATION Editor Colville Examiner: Your tax articles arc interesting all right and show some things that ought to be done, but you have failed to print anything about our worst trouble, which is Bolshevism. Our state representative has .seen the trouble and started a law to stop it. When it is stopped, none of us will have any trouble. Bolshevism is one of the worst things vra have on the farm. Every time the market comes down, it comes up. I am glad it will not be taught in the schools any more, for the children get enough of it at home as it is. But you should call attention to the schools not being the only place it is taught. The barber shops are the worst places to hear it. Men sit around waiting their turn and they talk it. The room gets full of it, and men carry it away with them. Then then' are the grange meetings ami the entertainments where the women go. There the bolshevikesses talk it. And even going home from church there is a chance to get some of it. Children will have to stay at homo all the time not to get taught any of it. I don't know just how we can en force the laws against it, but it ought to be done thoroughly. Every county ought to have its bolshevik erftdicator, either elected or appointed by the coroner, and he could have his deputies in each community. There would have to be one for every two grades in the schools, unless a very active young man could be found to take three grades. It would take one man in each barber shop, and there ought to be a man on each bank corner in the good weather. On Sundays it would take one man in each church, unless preachers could be examined and licensed on bolshevism, and then the regular eradicators could be able to handle the fishermen at the creeks. There ought to be a state bolshiviker de partment which would have charge of all the county work, and could also appoint men to handle the state schools and the colleges and the asylums. Hut the hardest thing to handle would be the public roads. The roads, like the schools, are public property, and must be kept free from bolshevikers, bolshevikeresses and bolshevikerism. Few bolshevikers will pursue an able bodied man into a school house or college to teach him, but one can stand on a street corner or wait in the country road until a man comes along, and the man is not able to help himself. He gets the bolshevic ideas before he knows what the man is waiting for. The penalties ought to be severe enough to stop the thing quick. It docs no good to put a man in jail, for ho only gets more time to think how to teach better. It will not do any good to fine him because if every one guilty were convicted we would not have enough money to pay the fines. Why not try penalizing for first offense by making the guilty party read all of the legislative pro ceedings. For second offense require him to spend 90 days raising hogs at present prices. For third offetise —but there wouldn't be any under th<> preceding penalties. I don't know what bolshevism is, but from everything I can learn, it is what the other fellow thinks. The world has been a long time getting to its present stage of centralized in formation, and now it is time to legislate against any new ideas. School books cost enough as it is, without any more knowledge being discovered. Yours for a strong law and a thorough enforcement. — Pro Bono ISolsheviko. THE SCHOOL CODE (By Mary A. Lucas, secretary, Ste vens county unit of the Washington Education Association, formerly the Stevens County Teachers League.) For the past eight years, Wash ington has been going backward in educational matters. In 1910, Wash ington ranked first of all the states of the union. In 1918 she ranked sixth. Says the executive secretary of the Washington Education Asso ciation in a circular letter: "As a friend of education, your attention is directed to these condi tions. What do they mean? If we lost in rating from 1910 to 1918, what will happen in the next 8 years? Are we going to continue sliding down the scale? If not, what will be done to check this down ward movement in our state? What will you do to bring our good old state back to the top? What do you want to do?" Weakness Long Recognized To many people, blissfully unaware that anything might be radically wrong with the present system of school administration, the proposals of the governor's school code com mission came like lightning from a clear sky. To educational workers, however, the situation had long been causing great anxiety. Plans were under way to propose certain reforms to the present legislature long be fore the findings of the governor's commission were made public. The Washington Education Association had already mapped out a rather comprehensive program of legislation. However, this body found the pro posals of the code commission to be so in harmony with its own that it has given them its official support. In addition to the proposals of the commission, it has also some indepen dent plans of its own. It agrees with the code commission in ad vising the adoption of the county unit system of school administration, an increase in the state levy for the support of the schools, and the reor ganization of the state department of education. In addition, it is pushing the "30-10" bill, besides recommen ding several other measures. Rating Methods Explained In his circular letter quoted before, The Colville Examiner, Saturday, February 26, 1921 the executive secretary of the Wash ington Kducation Association explains further the matter of the lowered rating of the Washington schools. "During the past fifty years the I'nited States Bureau of Education has published annual reports setting forth conditions in the public schools of each state in the union. These reports reflect the diffusion, the amount and quality of the education that the children of the nation are receiving. The deVartment of educa tion of the Russell Sage Foundation has made a comprehensive study of these government studies and has published their findings. These rat ings and findings for each state are based on the following ten points: 1. Per cent of school population attending school daily. 2. Average days attended by each child of school age. 3. Average number of days schools were kept open. 4. Per cent that high school at tendance was of total attendance. 5. Per cent that boys were to girls ire high schools. 6. Average expenditure per child in average attendance. 7. Average expenditure per child of school age. 8. Average expenditure per teacher employed. 9. Expenditure per pupil for pur poses other than teachers' salaries. 10. Expenditure per teacher em ployed for salaries. "It must be admitted that these points furnish the acid test for the efficiency of the schools in any state. On the basis of these points the Russell Sage Foundation compiled and published the ratings of the different states of the union for a series of years. "The position which Washington occupied in these comparative ratings in 1890 was twentieth. The position which she occupied in 1900 had ad vanced to fourteenth. The position which she occupied in 1910 was first. The position which she occupied in 1918 was sixth. "No one person can be blamed for the lower ratings for Washington in 1918 as compared with 1910. We are simply stating facts and upon these facts wish to point out that there is, as stated above, both room and op portunity for some advancement to be made In our school system." Recommended Legislation The recommendations of the gov ernor's school code commission which are endorsed by the Washington Edu cation Association are, in brief, the following: "First: That county and school district administration be reorganized to provide: 1. That each county, outside of districts containing cities of the first, second, or third class (population over 1500) be organized for educa tional purposes as a single unit known as the county school district. (At present the plan is to exclude all towns having less than 25 teachers. The statement of last week that districts having 1000 population would not be included was an error. However, modifications of this pro vision are under discussion. 2. That in each county a county board of education of five members be elected from as many sections of the county with power to appoint a county superintendent of schools who shall be superintendent of the county school district. "Second: That the state depart ment of education be reorganized to provide: 1. A state board of education of seven lay members to be appointed by the governor for terms of seven years, said board to have legislative and judicial powers in educational matters. 2. A state superintendent of pub lic instruction appointed by the state board of education without restric tion as to place of residence or po litical affiliation and for such term and at such salary as the board may determine." Certain recommendations concern ing the financial support of the schools follow. The Washington Education Association recommends further: "1. That the state raise and dis tribute for school purposes $30 for each census child." This suggestion is in harmony with that of the code commission to the effect "that a larger per cent of the cost of the common school education be raised by a statewide tax." During the present very natural outcry against the confiscatory nature of taxes, it .should be remembered that this measure is not one for increased taxation but one for more equable taxation. It puts the major part of the burden of the support of the schools upon the state, rather than upon the local district. Keep Politics Out of State Office Anent the proposed reorganization of the state department, it might be well to quote the following excerpt from an address by Dr. Ellwood P. Cubberly, director of the school of education, Leland Stanford Uni versity. He says: "There is no reason except the historical one why we should elect the head of the state school syjiiem and appoint many other experts in the state service. The argument so often advanced that the appointment of a state school superintendent would be taking the schools away from the people represents a con clusion based upon incomplete evi dence. What the people want is efficient service from their public servants. "The situation can best be seen if we compare two offices the head of the state school system and the presi dent of the state university. As a potential position that of state sup erintendent of public instruction is more important. That the office of the head of the state school system has not measured up with the presi dency of the state university is a matter of common knowledge; that it has not so done is largely because the office has for so long a time been affiliated with the blight of partisan politics; because it has been one of the lowest salaried positions in the gift of, the state; because political expediency rather than any educa tional standard has been used in selecting candidates for the position. "As a result, few of our states to day reveal in their educational legis lation any evidence of having follow ed for any length of time a well thought out educational policy." The county unit system was treated so fully in previous issues that it is, perhaps, unnecessary to write fur ther concerning it. The new plan, like that for the reorganization of the state department, is simply a scheme for dealing with the problems of school administration in a more efficient and modem way. Putnam Heads Local Society Perhaps a word of explanation should be added concerning the Washington Education Association, for the local unit of which these ar ticles are written. For two years there has been in Stevens county a local unit of the Washington State Teachers' League. Last fall this or ganization became amalgamated with the Washington Education Associa tion, a much -older and more con servative organization. The activities of the Stevens county unit are under the able direction of G. L. Putnam of Colville, president, who is assisted by an executive committee. * APPALLING FACTS ON THE TAXATION IN THIS STATE (Spokesman-Review Editorial) If the legislature at Olympia is not sobered by the tax compilation just made by the state bureau of inspection nothing could bring it to a realization of the vital need of rigorous retrenchment. It shows by the records that the stupendous total of $72,665,820 will be taken in direct taxation from the people of this state in 1921, as levied in 1920. The state's population at the last census was 1,356,314, so there will be taken by direct taxation this year an average of nearly $R4 for every man, woman and child in Washington. That tells only a part of the taxa tion story. This $72,000,000 is ex clusive of inheritance taxes, special improvement taxes, auto license fees, state license fees of various descrip tions, county recording fees, etc. It does not' touch, of course, the enormous sums that will be taken from our people by the federal gov ernment through the income tax, war taxes of any kinds, the taxes on tobacco, etc., and the indirect tariff tax. This direct state tax burden of $72,000,000 is greater by $16,000,000 than the entire ordinary disburse ments of the United States govern ment in 1860, when Lincoln was elected to the presidency. That is what the people of this state will pay in 1921. What they will be called upon to pay in 1922 is still an' unknown quantity. The demand is clamorous at Olympia for yet greater appropriations and in creased levies. If the legislature should yield only in part to that in sistent pressure more millions of dol lars will be exacted from the dis tressed taxpayers, many of whom will be ruined. APPLIED LANGUAGE The oldest of two farm boys left the old home for the bright lights. After working awhile at his job in the city he wrote his brother on the farm telling of the joys of city life in which he said: "Thursday we autoed out to the country club where we golfed until dark. Then we motored to the beach, and Fridayed there." The brother on the farni wrote back: "Yesterday we buggied to town and baseballed all afternoon. Then we went to Med's and pokered until morning. Today we muled out to the cornfield, and gee-hawed until sun down. Then we suppered, and then we piped for awhile. After that we staircased up to our room and bed steaded until the clock lived." Examiner want ads bring results. Diary of Slats A CAREFUL RECORD OF THE DAILY HAPPENINGS IN THE LIKE OF ONE YOUNGSTER Friday —was at a party tonite agen & walked home with Jane. I stopped at her gait not wanting 2 ack rood & leave 2 early. We seen a star fall out of the Sky & I sed 2 her Make a wush & it will cum trew. She B sed I wish »you wood go on home. Her wish cum trow. Sum day she will go 2 fur. Saturday —Valentines day. I got a pitcher of a dunky which had my Inishala rote under it I cant imajen who sent it only the riteing looked like some notes I have fourmerlie reed, fruri Jane. & I spent a dime on 1 for Her. As Rudder Flipping sed in a pome which he rote A Fool they Wai and etc. Sunday--They was a fine pitchei show in town tonite which was Wm S. Hart & a funny comedy at the pitcher show and ma kinda wanted 2 go. All so I. But pa objeektc d he sed he was so awe full sleepy. So we went 2 church. Monday—Teecher was tawk'ng about advise. She ast me did I all ways take my mas advise & I ox clamed to her that ma never gives mo no advise. She jus tells me what 2 do & I most all ways gener elly do it 2. Tuesday—me & Jake found a pack of reel cigaretts today & we went out in the summer kitchen & lit a cupple. pa cum in uneckspected & grabbed at me. & all so caught me. I exclamed they was only lit tle innosent cigarets. I am rixmg this standing up. got sick besides. Wednesday—ast. ma for a jitney for 2 get sum candy today. She sed Slats I cernly get tired of have ing you ast me for money all the time no you cant have it. J get turned down so often I am go it ing tired my own self. Thursday—we saw Mr. Gillom a passing the house today with a pa per sack under his arm. ma won dered what it was like wimmen do & pa sed prices was up so high it was hard 2 tell wether it was a nickles wurth of cabbige or a $ wurth of appels. NOTED STATISTICAN SEES PERIOD OF PROSPERITY Roger W. Eabson, the noted statis tican and analyst, writing in the current issue of Forbes Magazine (N. V.), predicts a period of prosper ity for American business, basing his conclusions on the following 10 factors: 1. The great mass of people still have the government bonds which they bought during the war. Until these are sold there will remain a big reserve buying power. 2. Millions of dollars which here tofore have been spent for drink are now being spent on the building of homes, the buying of comforts and general merchandise. 3. The banking system of the Uni ted States is more flexible than it has ever been during any preceding period of financial stress. 4. National advertising has come to stay and is destined to be a great force in the producing and steadying of business. 5. The war has resulted in the standardization of many lines, which causes greater efficiency in produc tion. 6. An impetus has been given to foreign trade which will continue for many years, especially as we now have a great merchant marine. 7. Seasonable fluctuations in man ufacturing and selling air 1 being eliminated. 8. A reduction in taxation may be expected. This especially applies to business and profits taxation. 9. Recent political elections show that the mass of people are at heart conservative and can be counted on to back up a business man's govern ment. 10. The war made the United States the richest country potentially in the world. INCOME TAX FACTS YOU SHOULD KNOW Numerous errors in claims for de ductions have been discovered in tax payers' returns. To be allowed, deductions for losses must be confined to the fol lowing classes: Losses sustained in trade or business; losses sustained in transactions entered into for profit, though not connected with a trade or busino-s; losses sustained of property not connected with trade or business if arising from fires, shipwreck, storms or other casualty, or from theft. To the extent any of the above losses are compensated for by insurance they are not deductible. To bP"allowed as a deduction in the return for 1920 a loss must have been actually sustained during that year. A taxpayer may feel .certain that real estate owned by him is worth less than what he paid for it. A merchant miy be convinced that certain stock can not be sold un less marked below cost. In neither event, however, is he entitled to a claim for deduction until the loss is made absolute by sale or other dis position of the property. Claims for losses must conform closely to the wording of the statute. A loss sustained in the sale of an au tomobile purchased for personal use is not deductible, because it is not a transaction "entered into for profit." A loss sustained by a taxpayer iiC the sale of his home is not deductible for the reason that ordinarily when a man buys a residence and moves into it he has no intention of selling and has not "entered into a transac tion for profit." GLYCERINE MIXTURE FOR GAS ON STOMACH Simple glycerine, buckthorn bark, etc., as mixed in Adler-i-ka relieves ANY CASE gas on stomach or sour stomach. It acts on both upper and lower bowel and removes all foul matter which poisoned stomach. Often CURES constipation. Prevents apepndicitis. The INSTANT pleasant action of Adler-i-ka surprises both doctors and patients. One man who suffered five years from indigestion and constipation was helped by ONE dose. —C. H. CARROLL, Druggist. Gominec to Golville United Doctors SPECIALISTS Successors to DR. MELLENTHIN & CO. Do Not Use Surgery Will be at HOTEL LEE FRIDAY, MARCH 4 Office hours 9 a.m.to 3 p.m. ONE DAY ONLY No Charge for Examination The doctor in charge is a graduate in medicine and surgery and is licensed by the state of Washington. He visits professionally the more im portant towns and cities and offers to all who call on this trip consulta tion and examination free, except the expense of treatment when de sired. According to his method of treat ment he does not operate for chronic appendicitis, gall stones, ulcers of stomach, tonsils or adenoids. . He has to his credit many won derful results in diseases of the stomach, liver, bowels, blood, skin, nerves, heart, kidney, bladder, bed wetting, catarrh, weak lungs, rheu matism, sciatica, leg ulcers and rec tal ailments. If you have been ailing for any length of time and do not get any better, do not fail to call, as improp er measures rather than disease are very often the cause of your long standing trouble. Remember above date, that ex amination on this trip will be free and that his treatment is different. Address: 336 Boston Block Min neapolis, Minn. MADAME MAJER Hyde Bldg. Spokane, Wash. Accurdian-Knife-Side-Box PLEATING IKiu.slitcliing, Braiding, Buttons. But lunhoU-8. Hat and Feather Work Mail order* given prompt attcntior SA\l<3 THAT OMJ SUIT Try the OdnrlmN Wny For ten years the French Cleaners have been located on Third Aye. and WuHhinyinn. No branches. We clean nnd dye with a clean conscience. I'oatagi! paid. French Cleaners and Dyers WiiNlilnitlun mill Tliln! SfOKAMi SPOKANE'S VIKGIN WOOL CLO TillKlt & TAILOU Q If It Isn't ff^W All Right mm Bring It Back L. P.. Dolby Co.