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BERRY PICKING CAREFUL WORK Labor For Large Fields Presents Problems—Local Help Is Best SUPERVISOR IMPORTANT Instruct Pickers to Handle Fruit to Make It Attractive In Marketing. Harvest season for berries, as with any other market crop, is a critical period, because upon proper methods depends the entire success of the year's work. No matter of the vines or bushes have been carefully chosen, properly set, thoroughly cultivated, and scientifically pruned or trained, the grower will not be able to get the full extent of financial returns unless the berries are carefully picked and carefully handled. Must Stand Shipping. Berry harvest once meant taking a tin pail into the woods or fields, fill ing it from the wild bushes and carry ing the berries to the house, where they were prepared for the table or canned. If they were green or over ripe, or if there were sticks, leaves, or hulls in the pails, it meant no more than a little sorting. In commercial culture berries musr tie picked so they will stand shipping and appear on the market with the boxes reason ably filled and the berries In an at tractive and edible condition. If they are overripe when picked they are likely to break down and spoil before getting to market, and if they are picked green they are likely to be worthless. Bruising meakes them set tle down in the basket and also lays them open to mold and heating. If the field is small the members of the family may be able to handle the crop, but if It is large it involves en gaging pickers and their supervision. Unless they are engaged well in ad vance of the harvest neaßon, the grow er is often unable to secure a suffi cient number of pickers to harvest the berries as fast as they ripen. If sorted out, the overripe berries are usually a total loss, and if packed they reduce greatly the value of the firm berries with which they are marketed. Getting the Help. Local men, women and children are preferable to transient labor. Usually they can be depended, upon to remain through the harvest season. However, If there is a large acreage of berries in the neighborhood, outside help fre quently must be secured. Some fam ilies who pick berries have camping outfits and travel from ona district tc another as the season advances. These labors are usually efficieut but not al ways dependable. Many pickers stop work after the height of the season, or as soon as the best of the picking is over. In some districts a premium of a fraction of a cent a quart is offered pickers who stay until the end of the harvesting season. Proper supervision of the picking force is especially important on ac count of the class of labor ordinarily used and the ease with which berries are damaged. Usually a "row boss" or foreman is placed in charge of a group of pickers. He sees that rows are'assigned to the pickers and that no ripe berries are left unpicked, that the number of green or otherwise de fective berries placed in the boxes is held to the minimum, and that the pickers do not damage the vines or bushes. Supervise Picking The grower can advantageously spend most of h is time in general supervision ot the picking, grading and packing operations. When berries are ripening rapidly the fields should be picked each day, and if possible the picking and packing should be done during the cooler parts of the day. Growers will find it to their advant age to spend considerable time at the beginning of the season instructing new pickers in the proper methods of handling fruit. To gain speed there is always a tendency for the beginner to snatch off the berries and toss them into the box. Some pickers crush, bruise, or squeeze much fruit while picking by honding too many berries In the hand at one time; others pile up berries on full trays, which must later be taken off and placed in boxes. Such practices result in bruised ber ries, as well as many without the hull or cap. Damaged berries do not carry well to market. Unless each row is picked clean of all berries that are ready at each picking, the next pick ing will contain overripe fruit. To avoid as much Injury as possible In picking raspberries and blackber ries, three fingers should always be used. Very few berries should be held in the hand at one time. The berries always should be carefully placed, not dropped, into the basket or cup. All decayed, overripe, and injured berries should be discarded, and no later handling of the berries in the basket for any purpose should be allowed. Carriers Helpful Special carriers to hold baskets while picking can be easily be ob tained. One method is to take an ordi nary quart basket and tie it about the walHt, setting other baskets In it; but the best carriers are made to swing from Uie shoulder and hold two bas kets Bide by side. This is convenient when the picker wishes to sort berriea Into two classes. For carrying berries to the packing shed, a tray holding six baskets la con- Fewer maple trees were tapped last spring than in any one of the lant five years, and only about half as much sugar was made as during any of the preceding four years and about three-fifths as much sirup, owing to the unfavorable weather, says the Bureau of Crop Estimates, United States Department of Agri culture. The average producer's price of maple sugar in the middle of April was 25.7 cents per pound, compared with 37 cents in the same month in 1920, and 26.9 cents in 1919. NEW LOAN PLAN TO GIVE HELP Cooperative Organizations to Re ceive Badly Needed Assistance LOAN BASED ON OUTLOOK Growers' Associations Responsible for Loan Notes Which Cover Three Year Period. A nlw plaan for financing coopera tive organizations of the norr.Uwes' has been introduced this spring through the loan of from $500,000 to $600,000 which banks of Spokane, New York and Wenatchee have underwritten for the Wenatchee District Cooperative association. The loan was completed last week, according to .1. .!.- McOor mack, Spokane banker. The Union Trust company of Spo kane is trustee for the fund and the Old National bank of Spokane and the First National bank of Wenatche.3 par ticipate with the New York Banks in making up the fund. Th.j loans will bear eight per cent interest. . Under the plan of loan.-i, the grow ers' association agrees to market through the North American Fruit ex change of New York all fsuit of the members who borrow from the fund, at a flat selling charge of nine cents per box. The association reserves the right to reject any bid offered, thus keeping actual margketing under its control. Growers will receive louns on a basis of crop prospects, a maximum advance of fifty cents per box being allowed. No loans will be made on fruit on which a previous mortgage exists, ex cept that in cases wberu the advance would be sufficient to wine out the mortgage, such advance would be used or that purpose. The growers' association is respon sible under its five year contract with the members for any losses incurred by the banks as the result of the fail ure of the crop of any borrower to an able him to pay off the loan. The notes of the loan are in three series, to mature on November - and December 1, 1921, and January 1, 1922. "This loan is in line with the estab lished practice of larger corporations," Mr. McCormack said. "The association believes it has taken step that will be a great benefit to itself and the apple industry of the northwest, which will later profit from the new channel of financial assistance opened by this method of financing. "This plan is designed primarily to protect investors at a distance as well as those near at hand, and also to pro tect the grower against the use of the proceeds of the sale of his apples for any other purpose than to first pay off the obligations of the association, and second to pay him for his crop. Every one in the northwest who is interested in the financing of our apple crop will watch the working out of this plan with a great deal of interest." PLANT LATE PEAS DEEP Weather More Settled, With Less Moisture —Give Plants Cool Root Run. Late peas should be planted deep to insure a good crop, garden specialists assert. At the later season the wea ther is more settled, the soil drier and there is less liklihood of continued wet spells, so the seed should go deeper, as the pea is essentially a cool weather plant and must have a cool root run to do well. There is considerable variation in the date of bearing in the various va rieties and four or five planted at the same time might come into bearing a few days apart. Take notes on the peas as to when they were planted and when the first crop was picked and you will have an accurate guide to regulate successional planting. venient. The tray Is carried by a wire handle. The picker ordinarily should not be permitted to carry more than one tray from the shed, and should be required to set it in the shade until full. This will insure against berries being too much wilted or sunburned. Keeping an account with the pick ing help is troublesome, unless a sim ple system is employed. Many growers get checks the shape of shipping tags and printed with numbers represent ing either the number of boxes or the amount to be paid, and punch out the figures as the quarts are brought In. Others Issue card tickets for each quart or tray filled, and these often are taken in trade at local stores, mak ing it easier for the grower to finance his harvesting. The berry harvest Is of com para tively short duration and involves long hours and hard work on the part of the grower, and every effort at careful supervision will show Its effect when the final checks come In. The Colville Examiner, Saturday, July 2,1921 DIRECTS STATE RECLAMATION WORK GRAIN MEN FIX WHEAT GRADES Adopt Standard Discounts, Rang ing From 1 to 22 Cents a Bushel PRICES IN READJUSTMENT Weather Conditions Favorable to Growing Crops—Alfalfa Mostly Harvested Adjustment of wheat prices is seen by market authorities in the wide fluctuation of the wheat quotations during the last two weeks. Quotations during the last week, although several points below the range of the previ ous week, showed a gradual tendency to climb, following reports of unfav orable conditions in Nebraska fields. The movement of prices during the next few weeks will depend largely on the volume of unfilled export sales, market men report. Wheat cutting has gotten well under way in Oklahoma, Kansas, southern Indiana, and Missouri. Most reports from spring wheat territory indicate a good wield. Adopt Discount Rates Grain dealers meeting in Spokane last week adopted the following dis counts on various grades of wheat: Durham, hard red winter, red winter, common white, white club testing 60 pounds classed as No. 1; 59 pounds, 1 cent discount; 58 pounds, 2 cents dis count; 57 pounds, 15 cents discount; 56 pounds, 4 cents discount; 55 pounds 6 cents discount; 54 pounds, 8 cents discount; 53 pounds, 11 cents dis count; 52 pounds, 14 cents discount; 52 pounds, 18 cents discount; 50 pounds, 22 cents discount. Hard red spring wheat testing 58 pounds to be classed as No. 1; 57 ■ounds, 2 cents discount; 56 pounds, 4 cents discount; 55 pounds, 6 cents dis count; 54 pounds, 8 cents discount; 53 pounds, 11 cents discount; 52 pounds, i 4 cents discount; 51 pounds, 18 cents discount; 50 pounds, 22 cents discount. The following smut discounts were adopted: Sixty cents per ton sacked and bulk up to 3 per cent smut; 75 cents per ton sacked and bulk up to 3Vi to 7 per cent smut; $1 per ton sacked and bulk up to 7% to 15 per cent smut. Weather Favorable Weather favorable generally to all .small grains prevailed last week. Most of the week it was cool and cloudy throughout the district. Wheat would have suffered if hot and dry weather had prevailed, for showers were local and inadequate during the week, and there was reported a shortage in rain fall during May and June. On the soils that retain moisture well the wheat continues fine and heavy rains would jnly injure it by lodging, while on light soils rain is needed. Winter A-heat is filling out well and early spring wheat is commencing to bloom. Corn made little apparent growth last week. It needs both rain and sun shine, with warm nights. Potatoes are reported to be growing well, with early ones in bloom. The harvesting of the first alfalfa crop has been generally completed, with heavy yields. It was slightly In jured insome localities by the rain. Pastures and ranges continue good (or the season. The strawberry crop Is nearing its (•lose, with good pickings reported In practically every district. Livestock Steady Livestock prices and activities con tinued steady last week, quotations at the Spokane Union stockyards remain ing unchanged from the close of the previous week. Offerings of livestock were comparatively light, although trading was brisk. It is predicted by stockmen that present prices will continue to hold fairly firm during July, with little likelihood of any noticeable rise dur ing the month. Grass cattle are becoming more numerous on the marketfl, but buyers are avoiding them except at low prices. Stookers and feeders are not yet very desirable, as prices on them are high compared w<th fat cattle values an'l the prospect of a big advance in il >• latter is not alluring enough to attract speculation. Shippers of the week were: As director uf lurid settlement uiul reclamation department oC Gov ernor Hart's cabinet, Dan J. Scott is at all times In direct touch with the various irrigation systems, com pleted and proposed .throughout the state, and Is working on plan I for land settlement as outlined by tin.' legislature In making a special :■:.Miprlation tor land settlement work. Mr. Scott Is n pioneer farmer of tlic Rltzvllle district, settling in eastern Washington in the early '90'b. He has been a successful tanner and has been prominent in activities, not only in his home dis trict, but throughout the state. His present position is one of great responsibility and with him rests final decisions in matters pertain in n to irrigation and irrigation dis tricts. .Mr. Scott is now working out plans for administration of the land settlement act fund. Under this he will purchase for the state a tract of land to be resold, with improve ments, to actual settlers. Under the act, ex-service men will be given preference rights to settlement. C. H. Priest, Almira; Joe Curtin, Davenport; M. II. Overby, Oarfield; Cater Bros., Milnn; Mahoney Bros., 1'erman, Mont; C. K. Leeper, Peck; II. Hartwick, Reubens; E. S. Hickman, Julietta, Idaho; J. M. Duty, Lenore, Idaho; T. M. Davis, Kamiah, Iduho; A. P. Mundt, Kooskia; J. W. Dyer. Crungeville, Idaho; Inland Meat Co., I.ewiston, Idaho; George O'Connor, Moscow, Idaho; C. P. Pennington, Wil lada; John Hans, lOdwull; and John Ftosenburg, Wilson Creek. Grain Quotations Ranges of wheat quotations during the week were as follows: Chicago cash market —No. 1 hard, U.email@example.com; No. 2 hard, $1.36%@ 1.45ft; No. 1 red, $1.42>4; No. 2 red, $firstname.lastname@example.org; No. 1 mixed, $1.43. Inland Empire cash quotations—at Walla Walla, $1.00® 1.10; at Pomeroy, $email@example.com; at Ritzville, $1.03. Closing wheat prices at Seattle last week were as follows: Hard whitf;. soft white and white club, $firstname.lastname@example.org; hard red winter, soft red winter, nor thern spring and eastern red Walla, $1.18; Big Bend Bluestem, $1.28. Quotations on future wheat deliver ies ranged as follows: July $1.23Ms@ 1.33; September, $email@example.com%. Livestock Quotations Following are the closing livestock quotations of last week at the Spokane Union stockyards: Cattle —Prime steers, $7.00® 7.50; good to choice steers, $firstname.lastname@example.org; me dium to good steers, $email@example.com; fair to medium steers, $firstname.lastname@example.org; com mon to lair steers, $email@example.com; choice cows and heifers, $firstname.lastname@example.org; good to choice cows and heifers, $5.00(g>6.00; medium to good cows and heifers, $4 @5.00; fair to medium cows and heif ers, $:email@example.com; cauners, $firstname.lastname@example.org; bulls, ; "ii'ii f. no light veal calves, $9 @10; heavy veal calves, $email@example.com; stockers and feeders, $4.50®6.00. Hogs—Prime mixed $firstname.lastname@example.org; medium, email@example.com; heavies, $7.00® 8.50; fat pigs, $firstname.lastname@example.org; stockers and feeders, $email@example.com. Sheep—Prime lambs, $firstname.lastname@example.org; fair to medium, $5.50®G.50; yearlings, J5.00&5.50; wethers, 4.00®4.50; mut ton ewes, $email@example.com. Produce Following are produce prices quoted to growers at Spokane: Hogs and Yeal —Country dressed hogs, 125 to 175 lbs., 14@15c lb; fancy veal, 90 to 125 lbs., 17® 18c lb. Live Poultry—Hens, fat and over 4 lbs, 19c lb; hens, fat, 2 to 4 lbs, 17c; broilers 1% lbs. and over, 25c lb.; springers, 20c lb; if staggy, 17n lb.; young roosters, 17c lb; old roosters, 8c lb; ducks, young, 25c lb; geese 18® ?Ic lb; Belgian hares, 10c lb. Dressed Poultry —Hens, plump and fresh, 22c lb.; young toms and hen turkeys, 30®35c lb; fat geese, 21c lb; fat ducks, 30c lb. Ranch Butter— lsc lb. Butterfat—3oc lb. Eggs—Good fresh ranch eggs, $6® 6.50. Hides —-No. 1 green cows and steers, 3c; green salted cows and steers, 4c lb.; No. 1 bulls and stags, green, 2c lb. BUSINESS PROGRESS Financial Firm Gives 21 Reason* For Normal Conditions Coming Twenty-one reasons why progress is being made toward better business conditions are given In a review of the present situations, recently Issued by a large financial concern. These all point toward a tendency to liquidate on the part of all business houses and Indicate a steady deflation of war-time prices. These 21 reasons follow: The depression has been under way for the last seven months and, theoret ically, the country's business Is Just that much nearer normal. Industrial, railroad, municipal and international financing aggregating billions of dollars has been completed. The wealth of the country and the peo ple has been demonstrated by the fact that the bulk of this financing was accomplished during a period of se vere depression. Deflation of Inventories which has been going on for the last six months. Having converted a large percentage of high priced Inventories into finished materials for the market, manufactur ers are now in position to take advant age of lower prices for raw materials. The tendency toward easier money and continued recovery In exchange, and Increase in purchasing power of the dollar. Decrease of $534,000,000 In loans of New. York clearing house banks cum pared with a year ago. Reduction in commercial discount rate. Gold imports of |315,000 000 since the first of the year, with exports of only $G,000,000. Strong Federal Reserve bank posl tlon. Steel ingot production down to 16, --000,000 tons annually, the lowest in maney years and about one-third of country's actual capacity. Unfilled orders of United States steel down to 5,845,224 tons, very close to low record. Surplus copper being gradually worked off as a result of a drastic policy of curtailment. Many manufactured produces selling at cost or below. Gradual restoration of confidence and no longer any fear that the coun try la facing financial and business disaster. Promise of good crops. Wage reductions accepted without protest by employes of nearly all in dustries. Signing of reparation agreement which will facilitate international trade. Determination of present adminis tration to protect manufacturers against invasion of foreign goods. Brokerage houses, with record low bank loans, in a stronger position than they have been in years. Many stocks are selling far below pre-war level on a basis of increase In working capital alone since 1914. ' World shortage of goods. Lack of filj/l^coME I AND SPEND THE EVENING i ! HOLIDAY BALL JULY 4TH SPECIAL MUSIC FOR THE OCCASION A COOL AND DELIGHTFUL PLACE TO SPEND THE EVENING ADMISSION 15 CENTS SPOKANE LET THESE FIRMS SERVE YOU WE ARE OUTFITTERS OF QUALITY APPAREL When you buy a mit, ■hlrt, oodarwear <>r socks nt this store, you may be mured thai you urn baying tin* belt tin- market supplies. Fogelquist Clothing Co. Washington and Blveralde SPOKANE Ladies' Shoes and Hosiery Write or See Us $5 Special PUMPS AND OXFORDS DM Old m*t>m&p-&aMfr .Ipo»«ii,»Uh LADIES'SHOES AND HOSIERY Complete House Furnishers And Dealera In Everything W'" "" X *4ft* orn.r Anything rolM«" m,h, ,,,1 foalt.T. MBfMgl D wi.| on T"H'" /Blffrm Street. And H|Hgpp Hpokane Pay On«h J. A. Mearow, Owner and Mgr. I-lione Milk al»a Good Used Cars GOOD ÜBED PARTB New and Used Gears for ISO Makes of Cars The Automobile Clearing House W. 1212-14 Second Aye. SPOKANE, WASHINGTON WE ONLY KNOW THE RADIATOR BUSINESS So that i« why wr specialize in radiator work. Our »tock of cores for any ra diator made assures the man or firm sending a radiator here that his work will not be delayed. Hipperson's Radiator Shop Spokaue, Wasb. Our service wagon will pick up your ra diator as soon as it reaches the Bi>okane depot. rrfdit largely responsible for ourtall ment of buying. Determination of the adminiitration to K'^'e t'l( * niilroinl ;i si|ii:ire doal. AUDITS COSTS SYSTEMS LANE, BELL & GILL Public Accountant! Federal Tax Advisori Emplro State Building. Spokane. Wash. /j&£\ Book on $I>* .Do§ 7^ Diseases And How to Peed. AMERICA'S Mailed frco to any PIONEER address by the author. REMEDIESI^ Clay G|over Co- lnc -118 West 31st St. New York, U. 3. A. For Export Dry OleauliiK Sond Your Fine Garments to the FRENCH CLEANERS AND DYERS, Inc. We Pay Po»tage On Mall Orders. Third and Washington. Spokane. REGISTERED JERSEYS OXFORD MAJESTYS' GAMBOGE KNIGHTS' Young lliillh out (ir rows of Island Breeding All Foundation Stock from White llorso Farm, Paoll, Pa. J. M. CAREY & BROTHER Incorporated Cheyenne, Wyoming afrit- tvi m w 11t ■■ i. fgjSCpaawJ^BT^ - / !'"''' ' •■! ' MHi/^^S^^ubL* 1 > / makes for hblo or rent IHI^MBwO/ v' low< il i" ■ ifSS^^SS^'&'i Mi Donald v^^"^^^ CORONA TYPEWRITKR BALES CO. Spokane, Whhli. HOUSEKEEPING PROBLEMS ARE MANY THESE DAYS This laundry run help you solve your clean' Ing problem! <>ur laundry lervlce i» !"*< and effective. The cleaning we il" meeti with the approval <>f »ll Crystal Laundry Spokane, Wash. CKYSTAL CLEANBR! ould Ha You Sh ye a Good Drinking Trough Your cattle should l>« protected from disease liy using motul Trough. BROWN BROS. Sheet Metal Works nut E Rlversiilo Avo., Spokane. Troughs made to fit the ih!<j<! ;it a reasonable cost. iflkt SAVt $1° W^> SUITS and Mv >..4 Jm VW OVERCOATS J 1 Hktt'CS »l 1 \°°-° MAtfNS Upstairs Clothing Store •-•nd rio.ir Zleßler Blk. Howard * Blverslde, Spokane ■MMa^y»K[u!l JiTni d I uyu Iv w KL^r Let your boy or girl buy a bicycle under Our Club Plan. Every Hioyclu Guaranteed. $10 Down, $2.50 a Week We have many used Bicycles and Motorcycles in stock. CYCLE SUPPLY CO. AUTHORIZED INDIAN AGENTB SPOKANE, WASH. Are you unhme(l of your backyard, if. so, let's buve a cleaning bee.