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CHANGES DUE IN CANADA IT LOOKS AS THOUGH THE TER RITORIES WILL SOON BE COME PROVINCES. Many People of the Northwest Terri tory Are Clamoring for Home Rule Government. WINNIPEG, Man.. Dec. 12.—The country editors of the states, who think that it is sufficiently definite to say in a personal paragraph that Mr. So and So has left for Canada, may not be greatly disturbed by the news that great changes are to be made in the map of the Canadian northwest. The event, which it is now assured will take place at an early date, is one which will be of great political sig nificance for the northern part of this continent. By the beginning of the next year, delegates from Regina will go to Ottawa to discuss the terms on which the three territories of Alberta. Assiniboia and Saskatchewan, which only a generation ago were the private property of that most ancient corpora tion, the Hudson Bay company, are to become free and autonomous provinces. We say "autonomous" on this side of the line and not "sovereign," and there in lies the whole difference between the American and the Canadian system of federation. In the beginning the state declared whether it would or would not join the American union. Even now the people of a new state frame their own constitution and re tain all powers which are not specially delegated. In Canada the new prov ince is created by the federal power and receives its constitution from its hands, subject to the approval of the sovereign crown of great Britain. Consequently there can be no talk of the right to secede on the part of the provinces whose legislature can only deal with matters placed within its ju risdiction by the federal act. In short, in the scheme of Canadian legislation, the crown, not the people, is still con sidered the source of authority. Not Much Practical .Difference. In practice, however, the average man seldom feels the difference. The Canadian parliament has heretofore been most generous in its treatment of the territories. Manitoba became a province when its population scarcely entitled it to the privilege of home rule and its right to govern itself in all matters of local concern have been upheld by the rest of the Dominion in some very strenuous political strug gles. The present territories, which are soon to become provinces also, furnish an excellent example of the pliability of Canadian institutions and of the fair temper of the Canadian rulers. As early as 1888 these territories were given a measure of home rule and since 1897 they have enjoyed govern ment by a legislature chosen by the people and a cabinet responsible to the representative* in the same manner as the British cabinet is responsible to Hie commons. Instead of being repre sented by delegates in the federal cap ital, the territories now have ten rep resentatives in the house of commons and two senators, a number of seats greater than their population would have entitled them to at the time the act was passed. All British subjects have the right to vote and, in muni cipal matters, all rate-payers have the right of suffrage irrespective of na tionality. As the territorial legislature does not levy any tax on property, the only direct taxation being for muni cipal purposes, it can truly be said that there is no taxation without represen tation in the Canadian northwest. The only rights which the territorial legislature does not possess are those to borrow money on its own responsi bility and to dispose of the public lands. As the federal government at tends to those.services in a very satis factory manner, it is not surprising to And that in some localities conven tions are actually passing resolutions to the effect that the territories are not yet ripe for provinical autonomy. It would be a poor politician in an Amer ican territory who would run counter to an agitation for admission to state hood. But in the recent elections, Pre mier Houltain, of the Canadian terri tories, tried to defeat the liberals by representing that they were opposed to provincial autonomy for the terri tories, but signally failed. PLIES VOCATION AS MINISTER. Confidence Man Picks Insurance Men as His Victims. SEATTLE. WashTDec. 12.-Garbed as a minister, W. W. Cooper, believed by the police to be a clever confidence man, has been arrested by City Detec tive Wappenstein. Dozens of insur ance men in the state and H. M. Grin nell and H. L. Sizer, of this city, have been his dupes. For several weeks ministers in the state have been attempting to effect the capture of the man, but until yes terday the police failed to lay hands on him. He was arrested in the office of H. L. Grinnell, and is now in the city jail. Cooper's game was to secure ad vance money on salary from insurance men with whom he secured employ ment. He explained to his prospective victim that he had been a Methodist minister, but on account of his preach ing so muchc had injured his voice. He asked for some honorable means of making a livelihood until he could again enter the pulpit. His talk was impressive and seldom did he fail to land his victim. Thei man was dressed in _the conventional minister's garb, wearing the customary white bow tie, white vest, long coat. His facial expression, his victims say, was nothing if not ministerial. After impressing the man to whom he was talking that he would make an excellent insurance solicitor he asked for a small advance on his salary. He usually manged to get this. From Grinnell, of the Mutual Bene fit Life Insurance company, he got $16.00, but did not write up any insur ance for him. From H. L. Sizer he se-' cured $5. Sizer is the local representa tive of the Perm Mutual. Several days ago the police were formed that the man was in the viciniJ ty, and Detective Wappenstein was put on his track. He arrested him as he was leaving Grinnell's office after hav ing duped another victim. * The detective looked on the ministe rial garb of the man he knew to be a fakir and said: "You're a nice minister. You never preached a sermon in your life." "Well, they can't do a —- — thing with me anyway," he replied, smiling at his predicament. He gave his name at the police sta-" tion as W. W. Cooper and his age as 24. He said that when working at a legitimate business he was a clerk. While the man is held in jail it is believed that he knew of what he was 1 talking when he told the detective that nothing could be done with him. His, case will be taken before the prosecut ing attorney today. Beware of Ointments for Catarrh That Contain Mercury, as mercury will surely destroy the sense of smell and completely derange the whole system when entering it through the mucuous surfaces. Such articles should never be used except on prescriptions from reputable phy sicians, as the damage they will do is ten fold to the good you can pos sibly derive from them. Hall's Ca tarrh Cure, manufactured by F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo, 0., contains no mercury, and is taken internally, act ing directly upon the blood and muc ous surfaces of the system. In buy ing Hall's Catarrh Cure be sure you get the genuine. It is taken inter nally and made in Toledo, Ohio, by F. J. Cheney & Co. Testimonials free. Sold by Druggists. Price, 75c, per bottle. Take Hall's Family Pills for consti pation. FOUGHT OUT BY HANSBROUGH. North Dakota Senator Opposes Plan Proposed by Secretary Shaw. WASHINGTON, D. C., Dec. 12.— Senator Hansbrough and Representa tive Lovering of Massachusetts had a long conference with Secretary Shaw today about the new* drawback regula tions which the secretary is consider ing. Senator Hansbrough stated his op position to the proposed regulations, covered briefly in an interview with him in a recent dispatch to The Jour nal. He says that if the millers are al lowed to import Canadian wheat and mix it with the domestic product and export the flour and get drawbacks, it will injure the North Dakota far mers and lessen the price of their product. The senator combatted the statements made in the preliminary re port of Special Agent Kemp to the effect that much of the wheat in Min nesota elevators was shriveled. He told the secretary that he would let the millers have all the No. 1 hard wheat they wanted from North Da kota at current prices, and said that it was not necessary to adopt any more liberal drawback regulations than are now in force because the millers do not need any relief. Representative Lovering, who is the author of several drawback bills, fa vored the proposed revision of the regulations and urged the secretary to make them as liberal as possible. Information was given out late to day by an advocate of the liberalizing drawback regulations, that Secretary Shaw would within a few days, prob ably tomorrow, issue an order making most sweeping changes in the present drawback regulations, especially in their application to the drawback on wheat. These new regulations will be issued as a result of the recent inves ?-rations of Special Agent Kemp. I THE EVENING STATESMAN MONDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1904. HAVE SCHOOL ON WHEEIS EXPERT AGRICULTURISTS WILL TRAVEL ALONG LINE OF RAIL ROAD TO INSTRUCT FARMERS. The Scheme It is Believed Will Materi ally Increase the Wheat Crops of the Northwest. MINNEAPOLIS, Minn., Dec. 12.— Farmers of Minnesota, South Dakota and other states through which the North-Western railway lines run will the given free information this winter on how to raise larger crops by using the full productive value of seed. The company will run a "pure-seed special" train in charge of Professors Wheeler and Wilson of the South Da kota Agricultural school, and Messrs. A. C. Johnson and M. F. Greeley. Stops will be made at every station, where brief lectures on the care and use of seed grain will/be given. • The special will carry samples of each of the various grains commonly planted in the northwest. The experts accompanying the special will demons, trate, by practical examples, the live and productive seed and the manner in which it may be distinguished from dead and worthless grain. Every ac cessory which can aid in spreading practical information of the seed-grain subject will be provided. The South Dakota experts assert that proper attention to the question of planting pure seed will increase the grain crop of the northwest 5.000.000 bushels a year. Somewhat similar agi tation was undertaken in lowa last year with reference to seed corn, with the result that this year's crop shows noticeable results of the work of the agricultural experts. Wheat that is dead or which dies easily under adverse conditions, is of ten planted, and the specialists will show the farmer how dead seed may be avoided and how the efficiency of seed may be increased 20 per cent. The inspection will cost nothing. The meetings will be held at two or three points in every county which the road traverses. It is said that ihe Milwaukee road, which is a rival of the North-Western, will offer a train for the same purpose over its lines. Minnesota is not to be forgotten in the pure-seed agitation. While the special train will cover South Dakota first, it will also cover the company's Minnesota lines, and later in the win ter will be placed at convenient points to afford valuable information to Min nesota farmers. The North-Western has a large mile age in southern Minnesota, all of which will be traversed by the special train, invitations will be extended to state agricultural school officials to partici pate in the journeyings of the seed cars, and, if time permits, it is prob able that the special will cover the Omaha lines in addition to those of the Northwestern. NEWS FROM GOTHAM. Republicans Not Pleased With Citi zen's Union. NEW YORK, Dec. 10.—Republican leaders are not at all pleased with the attitude of the Citizens' Union re specting the next city campaign. The Union, in announcing its intention to take part in the campaign, indicated that it is strongly in favor of the nom ination of an independent democrat for mayor. The idea of indorsing a re publican who might be named as the candidate of the republican party was scouted as preposterous, and there seemed a strong if not outspoken sen timent in favor of the nomination of R. Fulton Cutting, as its candidate for mayor. Mr. Cutting's high character and gerat abilities are generally recog nized, and Senator Piatt has irTtimated that he is the kind of independent democrat that republicans might sup port; but the idea of running a dem ocrat against the Tammany cndidate has met with a storm of protest by the republican press and most of the leaders of that party. The republicans, in fact, have about decided to name a straight-out republican ticket, be lieving that the great prestige secured in the presidential election will carry it to victory. One of the worst wrecks of the many made here by great building opera tions is the site of the Pennsylvania railroad terminal, bounded by Seventh and Ninth avenues and Thirty-first and Thirty-third streets. The work of razing the 300 buildings on the property, which cost $10,000,000, has been completed. But there is still much debris to be removed, and the district looks like a city that has been devastated by fire. The work of prepa ration for the building of the great terminal has been carried on with re markable celerity. On an average, 600 men and 180 teams have been em ployed daily in getting rid of the hun dreds of well-built brick and'stone structures that stood on the property. Three immense steam shovels, each capable of lifting seventy tons in one effort, and fifty steam drills capa ble of boring through fifty-seven feet of solid rock in a day, are used in hollowing out the large space which will be occupied by acres of railroad tracks and underground structures of the terminal. One of the Questions now being in vestigated by the commission on pneu monia, of which Dr. Thomas Darling ton, president of the board of health is chairman, is whether the luxurious steam-heated apartment of modern times is not responsible in a measure for the increase in the ravages of the disease. During the past month there were 682 deaths from pneumonia in Greater New York. Of these, 461 were in Manhattan and the Bronx and 221 the boroughs of Brooklyn, Queens and Richmond. By far the greater num ber of these deaths were in what re known as apartment house districts. Physicians who have been interviewed on the subject of "the modern flat as a cause of pneumonia" give divergent opinions, but nearly all of them state that the tendency to overheating the sleeping apartment an 4 lack of venti lation undoubtedly are increasing the inroads of the disease. Returning to their native land as winter approaches, thousands of Ital ian laborers are crowding the Mediter ranean liners and the outward bound ships are carrying larger numbers than ever on their eastward voyages. The cessation of out of door work in large public enterprises and on the great railroads is in a large measure re sponsible for this, and the agents of the steamship lines say that in the spring the emigrants will again be come immigrants. There is little doubt that the sub way has drawn an enormous amount of traffic from the Metropolitan Street Railway company. It is said that a study of the situation, made by persons in the employ of the Metropolitan com pany, shows that the subway has not only taken away a great deal of the long-haul business of the surface lines, but that it has also cut into the cross-town traffic. Uptown residents can no wreach points off the line of the elevated by taking the subway cars. Until the subway was opened for traf fic these uptown east and west side residents were obliged to avail them selves of the transfer system of the Metropolitan lines. The decrease in the traffic of the Metropolitan has OUR XMAS OFFERING! FOR ONE WEEK DFC.I9TrITODtX.24TH THE EVENING STATESMAN IN ADVANCE 85.00 A YEAR x From Date of Subscription to January Ist 1906 BY MAIL OR CARRIER THE EVENING STATESMAN AT $5 PER YEAR IS A BARGAIN THE OFFER IS MADE MORE THAN ANYTHING ELSE TO ELIMINATE THE COST OF COLLECTING WHICH IS BE COMING MORE AND MORE EXPENSIVE AS OUR SUBSCRIP TION LISTS GROW LARGER. AND REMEMBER IN 1905 THE EVENING STATESMAN IS TO BE A MUCH BETTER NEWSPAPER THAN IT EVER WAS BEFORE. AT HIS DATE PLANS HAVE BEEN COMPLETED TO SUCH AN EXTENT THAT WE CAN HONESTLY GUAR ANTEE THAT. S Workers — Men and women who have to meet ex. cessive demands upon their strength, brain and nerves find in f§) W TRADE MARK. refreshment and vitality. It induces greater strength, clearer thinking and better capacity for work. The pure nutriment of best malt hops-not intoxicating. Sold by Druggists. Prepared by Anheuser-Busch Brewing Ass'i ■ Devote half-a-day of your World's Fair visit to a trip v the Anheuser-Busch Brewery. It will repay you. caused a revival of the rumors that the company will be forced to accept a merger with the Interborough company at terms dictated by the latter, but the report is as devoid of official con firmation as heretofore. In order to prevent further danger from leakage to the interior as well as the exterior of Grant's tomb it has been decided to render the monument waterproof, and the work of preserva tion is already under way. The sys tem used is identical with that em ployed in saving the Obelisk in Cen tral Park. It consists in filling all the pores and interstices of the stone with paraffin, which is unaffected either by acids, by alkalies, by water, or by the gases in the atmosphere. The melting point of paroflin wax is about 140 de grees Fahrenheit, so the stone, to un dergo the waterproofing, must be heated by hot compressed air to a temperature a little above this. The paraffin wax is then melted and sprayed over the surface, and this coating is finally driven by compressed air into the pores of the stone to a depth of about a quarter of an inch. It is estimated that by means of this treatment stone may be kept in a state of excellent preservation for a hun dred years or more. Miss Norma Munro. who used to be an active figure in New York life, has gone to Paris and will probably re main there for some time. She has taken an apartment and has made no definite plans for returning to this country. After her brief experience as the associate manager of a theatre that did not succeed. Miss Munro did not lose her interest in theatricals. She merely transferred them to play writing and she is now an enthusias tic student of that art. It is with this* object that she has gone to P;tris. g ne is said to be absorbed in her efforts to succeed in writing a play that will win her fame and money, of which, how ever, she is not much in need. COULDN'T MAKE HORSES WIN. Woman Healer Attempted Too Much, Divorced From Cruel Husband. DES MOINES. lowa, Dec. 12.—Be cause Mrs. Mary Orr, a divine healer, was unable to comply with her hus band's demand that she make his race horses break the world's record, she was subjected to brutal treatment. an.J was accordingly granted a divorce at Marshalltown. Her story, as told to the judge, was corroborated by two witnesses. Mrs. Orr achieved reputation as a divine healer iv Colorado, but has not prac ticed much in this state. It was shown to the sal isfaction of the court, that she suggested to her husband that if she could only have the influence over his horses that she could over human beings, she could make them win every race in which they were entered. He thereupon began to insist that she perform this feat. She attempted it, but his horses failed to win. He then abused her and the divorce suit resulted. George Hedger has recently installed two large and handsome show cases in his jewelry store on Main street. i Advertise in the Statesman.