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THE DAILY EVENING STATESMAN ESTABLISHED IS*! PI-BUSHED 3Y THK STATESMAN PUaCO. - . WttCT C rttoW «A»^ Pctoffic*" .t W»ll» W.IU, W-hingto.., ». .MO-d-chM matter. . Telephone Main 123 Office at No. 9 Third Street, near - _k _ SUBSCRIPTION RATES: DAILY . M ~ aj no] One Month, by Carrier Ott Year, in Advance, by Mail. Wee*, by Carrier. 15cento SU Month* in Adtanc*. by Mail 9**~ I*™ WEEKLY 0~ Tear, in Advance, by Mail II ill II I l ."vice printed in these columns is furnished by me co P a SCRIPPS' NEWS ASSOCIATION, NOTICE TO ADVERTISERS Copy of change of adv«ne«e«t murt to tf« b£~- office by the homVflO o'clock a. as. to insure in»ernon fathe is— of mr** PROSECUTION OF LAND THIEVES. . There is no reason to doubt that the government has been swindled ou of millions of acres of its most valuable timber, grazing and lands during the last thirty years, and there is good reason for bel eying that many members of congress have conspired with powerful syndicates in this robbery. The passage of the lieu land act by congress enabled the Northern Pacific railroad to exchange worthless lands in the Rocky moun tains or desert lands for the best timber and agricultural lands in the states through which the road runs. The congressmen who promoted this grea steal were either dupes or knaves and the generally accepted opinion is that they were well paid for their services to the railroad. The lieu land act was only one of many schemes resorted to by wealthy corporations and syndicates to get possession of the most valuable public lands, which should have been preserved by the government for the use of actual homesteaders. In thousands of cases men were hired by syndicates to take up land under secret contract to relinquish their rights at an agreed price as soon as a title could be secured under the commu tation act. President Roosevelt seems determined to uncover the extensive frauds by which the government has been cheated out of a large part of its lands and to punish the thieves regardless of their wealth or station. It is stated by those in authority that the indictments found by the federal grand jury at Portland are only the beginning of wholesale prosecutions by the gov ernment, and that there will be no cessation until many men prominent in public life ad many rich men in private life shall be exposed and punished for defrauding the government. "Let no guilty man escape" is the presi dent's shibboleth and there will be no compromise with thieves. The Roosevelt administration will have the sympathy and support of all honest Americans irrespective of party in its efforts to bring to justice all public land pirates. Powerful influences will be brought to bear to pro tect the guilty, but it should not avail no matter how high the position of the accused nor how popular he may be. There is little danger that any innocent man will be convicted by a jury of twelve men after carefully weighing the evidence presented at the trial. Meanwhile the public should not be too hasty in pronouncing judgment on any case. President Roose velt has no reason for persecuting innocent men, and it is safe to trust him to see that every man rich or poor is given a square deal. WILL THEY SUPPORT THE PRESIDENT? • So far Charles Sweeny of Spokane is the only senatorial candidate in this state who has declared himself in favor of the railroad legislation ad vocated by President Roosevelt. Members of the legislature who believe in reasonable freight rates should refuse to vote for any candidate who will not line up with the administration on this question. A state railway com mission can do nothing to regulate interstate rates. Even the interstata commerce commission cannot do this unless its powers are increased by ace of congress. The president asks for legislation giving the interstate com mission this power. Washington's senators and representatives should stand with the president. During the late campaign the lumbermen of Puget Sound called upon candidates for the legislature to pledge themselves to vote for a forty-cent rate on lumber shipped from the Sound to St. Paul. The legislature has no more power to fix interstate freight rates than it has to regulate the freight rates from Seattle to Liverpool. If the lumbermen mean business they should make an effort to help the president secure the amendments to the interstate commerce act that he is urging. One way to do this would be to elect a United States senator who will pledge himself to vote for the legislation desired by the president. The lumbermen should join with the wheatgrowers of eastern Washington in the effort to elect a senator who will vote right on this question. WHAT TUBERCULOSIS COSTS. The people of Rochester, N. V.. were discussing the other day the most appropriate way in which to show honor to the name of a late physician of that city, and debating whether the memorial should take the form of a shaft in one of the parks or that of a hospital. Dr. K. M. Moore, whose memory it was desired to perpetuate, was one of those good Samaritans, of whom his profession furnishes so many, whose liv« s are given not only to the cure but to the prevention of disease. It is an Interesting fact that the physicians, whose living depends upon the exist ence of disease, is the most active and intelligent and earnest promoter of moans for the prevention of disease. Such a record had Dr. Moore, and partic ularly was he interested in means for the prevention of the spread of tubercu losis. i What this insatiable malady has cost the world cannot be measured, even When it is known that it Is by far the most potent of death-dealing agenciesj claiming dor its victims .-one-seventh of the entire mortality of he world. In j connection with this discussion \of the Moore memorial, it was shown that not only does tuberculosis a large sacrifice of human life, but it in vades not vonly- the ranks of the; poor and the humble, but reaps its harvest among of the earth. But for the. activities of the germ of tubercu losis we ttre told- that Bastien La Page, the.artist who produced tha "Joan of Arc" which all visitors to the Metropolitan Museum seek out, might given us a stlli greater proof of his genius. But for the assaults of this ter rible malady Rachel;'the inimitable portrayer of the tragic drama, might have continued to sway and thrill and electrify her Owing to the rava ges of the same" disease the world lost before his natural time that patriot and naval hero, John Paul Jones. For the same reason Crane's splendid war stories are no longer Written, and Robert Louis Stevenson's career was cut short of its complete fulfillment. If it had not been for tuberculosis the author of the song, "The Bells/ "might have given us more songs to delight us, ■ and Sterne's "Sentimental Journey" might have continued in other parts of "the world; Henry" CuyTor Bhnner, to whom all readers of Puck owe many hours of entertainment, might have continued tp promote mirth, and Nevin, whose "Rosary" has tbuched the hearts of millions, might have given us something more as tender and sweet; Sydney Lanier, might still be heard; the dream fancies of Marie Bashkirtseff ; might have taken more tangible and sub stantial form., and the ministrations of those eminent physicians, Bichat and Henry Pureed, might have longer blessed the human race. To the ravages of this disease are to be attributed .also the untimely, deaths of John Sterling and Henry Kirk White, the poets; Artemus Ward, the humorist; Spinoza the philosopher; the Bronte sisters, novelists; Green, the English historian; DESIRABLE JEWELRY Yon can t make any mistake by selecting from our stock. It is our aim to be everything an up-to date jewelry store should be, both uj goods and service. THE MARTIN JEWELRY COMPANY _ JESSE H. MARTIN. Graduate Optician Eyei Tetted Tree Glaatea Correctly Fitted 4gl____m_CS_t_r THE EVENING STATESMAN TUESDAY, JANUARY L 1905. Moliere, the French dramatist, and many others whose names might be re corded. It does not follow, of course, that interest in the general effort to check the spread of this malady should rest upon the fact that death loves a shining mark. The inroads of this disease are made not only in the ranks of the great and the talented and the eminent, but men of common mold who live their lives and do their work upon the common plane are just as liable to its assaults. , And, now that we have learned that it is preventable, that the spread of tuberculosis may be not only checked, but that the disease may be effectually eradicated in whole communities, the strenuous effort to accomplish that he suit calls for intelligent work, and, if need be, of self-sacrificing effort. More terrible than any other diaeaae, more destructive than war, more fatal than pestilence, the malady known aa consumption stalks through the land, and. hitherto, almost unimpeded in its progress, but now to be resisted and over come and destroyed by a supreme effort which calls for co-operation on every hand. WARM RECEPTION POR THE BALTIC FLEET. Charles H. Cramp, the builder of battleships, speaking after the experience of half a century's acquaintance with the temperament**-** th* .Russians and the Japanese, said that Admiral Togo would not go through.the. Straits of Ma-* lacca to seek the Baltic ships. Admiral Kamimura's men are scouting the In dian ocean in fast steamers armed only with a few rapid-fire guns mounted on deck. Its miasion ia Id learn the point of Junction of the two squadrons of the Baltic fleet and the course they will pursue. As Vladivostok harbor is now frozen solid and no effort is being made to keep it open, it is difficult to see how Rojestvensky can make that port. Of course, Port Arthur is out of the question now. If Rojestvensky seizes some Formosan port he will shortly find himself shut in and a lot of relentless tor pedo boats, manned by the most careful, yet daring and reckless, sailors on earth, at work on his squadron. Admiral Rojestvensky is up against the real thing. King Corn stands at the head of a mighty army of figures in the annual report of the department of agriculture, just out. He musters in bushels, 2,467,480,934 units, and stands for a selling value of $1,087,461,440. Wheat, with 552,399,517 bushels, shows a value of $510,489,876. Hay is even a bigger item than wheat, for there were 39,998,602 tons gathered in this year, and the value runs to $529,107,626. These are only three of eleven principal items. The exhibit is a wonder. The American farmer has shown his power and re sources this year as never before, especially so when it is considered that in at least one leading crop, the conditions favoring large yields and high quality were unfavorable during a good part of the year. The United States circuit court of appeals at Philadelphia has sus tained Jim Hill's contention in his fight with Harriman over the division of the assets of the Northern Securities Company, and the question will now go to the United States supreme court. Upon the final decision de pends the question whether the Great Northern or the Union Pacific shall control the majority of the stock of the Northern Pacific. The czar of Russia housed in fortified castles and surrounded by guards is in as great peril of sudden death as any of his soldiers on the battle line. He has about one chance in a thousand of escaping assassination be fore the war with Japan shall end. The czar's contemptuous rejection of the reform measures proposed by the zemstvos has incensed the masses against him, and desperate men seek his life on every hand. "Uneasy lies the head that wears a crown" was never truer than it is today of the em peror of all the Russias. DIGS WELL, FINDS SKELETON. Was Requested Not to Make Excava tion—Curiosity Much Aroused. OTTAWA, Jan. 5. —About twelve years ago Daniel Hoffman purchased a farm near the line of Liberty town ship, and two years later arranged with well-diggers to put down well. Mr. Hoffman says that a neighbor requested him not to move the rig, as he had at one time buried a horse in the swamp. The rig was not moved, but as much difficulty was encountered in the drilling of the well from vari ous accidents that the project was given up. A great many years ago at the place where the well was started, a hole had been dug for the purpose of getting water for supplying a sawmill. This hole had gradually filled up and was grown over with brush, but the strange request of the neighbor not to put the well down in that plaoe was so unusual that Mr. Hoffman's suspicions were aroused. The fact that some thirty-five years before a wealthy traveler had disappeared in that locality and was never again found or heard of intensified his sus picions. On another part of the farm several years ago was an old burying ground, and some two years ago the bodies from that cemetery were removed to another place. The bones were in so good a state of preservation that Mr. Hoffman determined to make an in vestigation of the old sawmill pool, just for the sake of having his curi osity satisfied. Last week, in company with J. Shon del, another farmer from Liberty town ship, he began the work of digging. Before night he came upon the bones of a horse and also the bones of a hu man body, which Mr. Hoffman now has at his home, and in a fair state of preservation. Coupled with the strange find is the story of the strange disappearance of a traveler in that locality thirty-five years ago. The man was a land buyer and left Ottawa, then a small village, on horseback, with a large amount of 1 money. In a day or two the horse re turned, riderless, and the man, ■ who was said to be from Columbus, was never seen or heard of again. , i The theory is that the man was murdered and robbed, and the bones discovered last week were those of the unfortunate traveler. There is no rec ord of the man's name, and it is not likely that any investigation after so -many years will be made. County School. Superintendent J. E. Myers is sending out notices of the mid-winter eighth grade examina tions which will be held at the fol lowing places January 19 and 20: County court room. Walla Walla: Prescott, Dixie and Wallula. The final examinations will be held at Walla Walla May 18 and 19. CORN IS KING. SOUTH SEAS USE WIRELESS. Highest Type of Latest Inventions to Be Used in Old Cannibal Lands. HONOLULU, Jan. 3.—Of all tne strange places for the science of the wireless telegraph to invade the ro mantic South seas seems to be the last that would be selected, but already plans are now under consideration to establish a system of wireless tele graph between a number of the South sea islands, J. T. Arundel, the mana ger of the South Sea Guano company, a London concern that operates the guano beds of Ocean, Gilbert, Marshall and other South sea islands, is to con sider the feasibility of establishing wireless telegraph so as to secure communication between the different islands controlled by his company. He was in Honolulu last month, and shortly before his departure for Ocean island Arundel talked with the man ager of the local wireless system re garding the feasibility of establishing wireless communication between the various islands of his company. Arun del desired to secure the communica tion between Ocean island and the Fi ji group more particularly than be tween the minor islands. If the wire less system could be established be tween Fiji and Ocean islands, the guano company would be in practical communication with all of its island dependencies. The distance between the Fiji and Ocean groups is about 1000 miles. Arundel seemed to be very sanguine over the prospect of estab lishing and maintaining such a long distance system. ' He w ill present the matter before the directors of his company in London and some steps to experiment with wireless telegraphy will probably be taken by the com pany. MAY APPLY MONROE DOCTRINE. Punishment of Haytien Bank Officials May Lead to Complications. WASHINGTON, Jan. 3.—One of the bank officials sentenced to penal servi tude in Hayti for complicity in the fraudulent issue of bonds of the Na tional bank of Hayti is a wealthy citizen of Germany, and three are cit izens of France. The ordinary forms of law r were disregarded in the pro ceedings against them and unless President Nord's government promptly and unconditionally pardons them there is likely to be trouble. In that event, the American government will find the situation most embarrassing. for it will mean a more strenuous test of the Monroe doctrine than it has yet been put to. One French and one German war ship arrived at the harbor of Port an Prince just before the trials began, to see that justice was done. The opposition press in Germany has repeatedly demanded that Tipper. - haver be forcibly released from his Reduction Sale In order to reduce our stock of general mer chandise preparatory to rebuilding and enlarging < our store at an early date we offer our Entire Stock at a Reduction of 10 to 35 Per Cent Until —February Ist, 1905—= Except as Follows: Groceries, Hard ware, Tinware, Centemeri Kid Gloves, R. & G. Corsets, Spool Cot ton. THE SCHWABACHER CO.' FIRST CLASS HARNESS All Kinds of Hone Goods CHARLES E. NYE Street Haytien prison. The government or gans have counselled caution, urging the danger of complications with America, but once they have repeated ly declared that adequate action will be taken, should it appear that Tip penhauer has been unfairly dealt with. The trials have occasioned a similar agitation in France. An Eye to Business. Aunt Jane—Did Mr. Sweeser propose last evening? Carrie —How did you happen to guess it ? Yes. and I'm going to take out a policy for a thousand dollars. Aunt Jane —For mercy's sake, what do you mean ? Carrie —Well, you see. he began to make love to me. but the chance to get a new applicant was so strong he couldn't resist. He's a life insurance solicitor, you know. We Are in Our New Building Better prepared than ever to serve our customers with everything In th* meat line. Don't forget the place. GIS. HARRAS Alder Street • Opposite P. 0 THE LEADER 310 WEST MAIN ST. Opposite Court House Just opened for business. Goods direct from the makers in New York. ALL KINDS OP NOTIONS A special price on knit goods S.ZENNIE&CO. Proprietors S. E. CARR. Pres. B. F. C LLP. C;<k GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS Interest Paid on Time Deposits and Saving Accounts CAPITAL ........ $50,000 Good Baked Eatables Are Bought at the MODEL BAKERY CHARLES RETZER. Manager 3 First Street Phone Main 38 VILLA WALSH the Gifted Clairvoyant. Full Readings $1.00. Questions and small Readings 50c. 60Q West Alder Street. Phone Main 672. NEW BAKERY 204 EAST MAIN STREET 000 Bread Fancy Pastry Choice Confections 0 0 0 Your Patronage Solicited j Call at Stanley's music house fo f good pianos and organs.