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Walla THE EVENING STATESMAN FRIDAY, MARCH 17, ItOS. THIS IS ST. PATRICK'S DAY CELEBRATION HELD IN ALL THE CITIES OF THE ENTIRE WORLD. Religious Services in Catholic Churches Imposing Parades and Numerous Banquets Make Up Program. DUBLIN, March 17.—The St. Pat rick's day parade in Dublin today was witnessed by many thousands of peo ple. In St. Patrick's pro-cathedral a special mass was celebrated by the Rev. William F. Dougherty, of Syra cuse, N. Y. NEW YORK, March, IT. —St. Pat rick's day was observed in the metro polis with special services in all Ro man Catholic churches, a parade and a number Of dinners. The parade was one of the largest of recent years, near ly 20,000 men being in line. At the dinner of the Friendly Sons of St. Patricks at Delmonico's tonight Presi dent Roosevelt will be the guest of honor. LONDON, March, 17—The obser vance of St. Patrick's day In London was along the same lines as similar observances of the past. The Irish flag was flying from many public build ings, special services was held in the Catholic churches, and the shamrock, or something representing it, was seen everywhere. The Irish troops at the various garrisons were given a day's leave. CHICAGO, March, 17.—St. Patrick's day was observed with special services in all the Roman Catholic churches of Chicago, those in the cathedral on the North Side being the most elaborate. This evening the various Hibernian will celebrate the day with th e usual round of entertaiments and din ners. CHARLESTON, S. C, March, 17.— Plans on an elaborate scale have been completed for the St. Patrick's day banquet of the Hibernian societies to night. Congressman Foster of Ver mont, Gfovertiar Heyward of South Carolina and several other men of na tional reputation are among the sched uled speakers. PRESIDENT IN NEW YORK. Visits the Metropolis the Second Time Thi« Month. NEW YORK. March. 17.—For the second time within a month President Roosevelt came to New Yohk City to day to be the guest at a series of functions arranged in his honor. The presidential special was met at Jer sey City by a delegation representing the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick which acted as escort to the home of the president's sister, Mrs. Douglas Robin son, in West Fifty-seventh street. This afternoon the president attend the wedding of his niece. Miss Eleanor and hdr cousin Franklin Delano Roosevelt, which took place at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Parish, in East Seventy-sixth street. At an early hour this evening the 69th Regiment will escort the Presi dent to Delmonico's where he will ad dress the Friendly Sons of St. Pat rick at their annual banquet. From Delmonico's he will proceed to the Hotel Astor to be the guest of honor at the banquet of the Sons of the American Revolution. Other speakers at this function will include Senator Chauncey M. Depew, Lieutenant Gen eral Anda R. Chaffee, and Brigadier General Frederick D. Grant. A Tonic for Old People Adds Years to Life, Puts Life Into Years—Dr. Chase's Blood and Nerve Food, the Great Blood and Flesh Maker, Brain and Nerve Tonic Keeps you from growing old by keeping up your vital forces. When the human machinery begins to wear out, people grow old and go into de cline and decay, the blood becomes thin and watery, the circulation poor, and the nerve forces shattered and weak, showing that certain essential elements of life are being exhausted from the blood and nerves. The ex haustion usually begins with cold and numb hands and feet The stomach, bowels and bladder lose their power, often becoming partially, if not wholly, paralysed. You grow weak and feeble and your vital forces so low that you begin to see that your health is being undermined. Dr. Chase's Blood and Nerve Food in* creases the action of the heart and the circulation of the blood, and builds up the system by replacing the same substances to the blood and nerves that have been worn out Price 50 cents. Weigh yourself before taking it Book free. I Sold and Guaranteed by the Pioneer Drug Store OHE HUNDRED YEARS OLD ALL THE MUSICAL WORLD WAS INTERESTED IN THE GRAND CELEBRATION. Illustrious Singing Teacher Was Literally Flooded With Congrat ulatory Messages Today. LONDON. March 17.—A1l the musi- ! cal world seemed interested today in the celebration of Manuel Garcia's one hundredth birthday. It was an event almost without precedent in the an nals of famous The il lustrious teacher of singing was lit- UJ-ally flooded with congratulatory messages from every part of the world, while personal friends and admirers called in large numbers at the little house in Cricklewood where the ven erable maestro resides with his wife and daughters. This evening there was Something like a public celebration of the cen tenary. This consisted of the presenta tion of a portrait of the venerable sing ing master painted by John S. Sargent. The portrait, together with an album containing the names of the sub scribers, was presented to Garcia at at the rooms of the Royal Medica-Chir urgical Society in the presence of the Spanish Ambassador and representa tives of the German, Dutch, Belgian, and other larygological societies. Probably there are no persons now living who heard Garcia when he made his first operatic appearance in the metropolis of the New World. Yet it was he who gave to New York its first season of Italian opera. It was on the evening of November 29, 1825, that a performance of "II Barbier di j Seviglia," was given at the old Park ! theatre, which stood in Park Row on the exact site where now stands the world's tallest office building. Manuel Garcia, Jr., who celegrated his birthday today, was the Figaro of that formance. Garcia came of a noted family. His father Manuel Del Popolo Garcia, was born in Seville, in 1775, began as a choirister in the cathedral there at the age of six. At 17 he was known all over Spain as a tenor and composer of comic operas. Rossini in 1816 wrote the character of Almaviva for him. Manuel Garcia, senior, died in Brussels in 1836. His son and other members of the family continued on the operatic stage for well nigh half a century. Although renowned as a singer Manuel Garcia, Jr., owes his fame largely to his teachings. He in vented the laryngoscope, and his treat ise on the art of singing is famous. On March 17. 1894. his brother pro fessionals of the Royal Academy of Music presented him a silver service as a memorial of his ninetieth birth day. Later in the same year he brought out his second and last text book. "Hints on Singing." Among his I J most famous pupils have been Jenny | Lind and Catherine Hayes. The cele | brated Malibran. who died in 1836, was I Garcia's sister. His no less celebrated j sisted, Mms. Viardot, is still alive. GAMBLING IS NOT SINFUL. Famous Educators Say the Prevalent Vice is Theoretically Legitimate. PHILADELPHIA, March 17.—Prof. Herbert Gardiner Lord, of the Univer sity of Columbia, and Prof. William J. Kirby, of the Catholic University of America, have In addresses before the Contemporary Club, stated that they could find no reason for saying that gambling in itself was wrong. Both expressed the opinion that gambling cannot be eradicated from modern life, and that the wisest thing to do is prop erly control it. The discussion was listened to by a distinguished audi ence. Prof. Kirby, after admitting the theoretical legitimacy of gambling, made an appeal for a course of instruc tion in the schools which might lessen gambling in the next generation, and said that cities should take up the work of regulating gambling as an es sentially city problem. "Gambling is not simply a game of chance," said he, "for chance is ent in most business transactions. Gambling is not merely a desire to gain. It is not merely the means of excitement. Constitutional gamblers are the men that desire only gain at. play as a means to enable them to plya again. No Destruction of Wealth. "It may seem strange for me to say so as a professor of ethics, bvt I have ' never been able to find a reason that will permit me to say that gambling is wrong. It is argued that gambling is wrong because it is waste. On the contrary there is no Jurisdiction of wealth in gambling. "Properly done, gambling, is not a dissipation, but a recreation." WHEAT MARKET IS QUIET MILLS PICKING UP SMALL LOTS BUT NO BIG DEMAND FROM THE EAST. Conditions of Growing Crops Continue To Be Reported as Very Favorable. There have been no new develop ments of note in the wheat market, says the Tacoma West Coast Trade. While the eastern situation has shown some little tendency in the direction of checking the sharp declines taking place for some time past, there is as yet no decided or permanent recovery and no further demands have develop ed for wheat to be shipped from the Pacific Northwest on that account. In deed, there is very little of moment transpiring and no present outlook for developments of a notable character. The mills have continued to pick up small lots at terminal points, but most of them have sufficient stocks to cover all business in sight while the export situation holds as for months — absolutely nothing doing—and no pros pect for business for the remainder of the season. It is stated that the recent slump was in some manner due to a desire to force the market down to such an extent to to prevent the importation of Argentine wheat for the purpose of filling contracts for May delivery, and it is likewise an nounced that, despite strenuous op position, Pacific Coast wheat is to be accepted as contract grade. In which event some further business may de velop, particularly in the event of an attempted squeeze, but the position of present holdings is such that great deal remains to be picke 1 up. Ar rivals locally have been considerably i larger thus far during March than for February, but were only 55 cars for r the past week at that. Conditions of the growing crop con tinues to be reoprted as very favorable, 30 far as the present are concerned. The only apprerension felt at this time is the possible shortage of moisture to carry the grain through to the har vest. There is still plenty of time for rain, and if it comes in sufficient quantity, the output will undoubtedly be a fair one. Hungry School Children. Since the poor are always with us, the fact that some children go to school hungry ought not to cause the surprise that has come from the announcement that 70,000 little ones are In that plight in Greater New York aloue. The pub lic school is the poor man's college, and the very poor have not been permitted to overlook that fact even when they were so disposed. Naturally if the ten ement districts have sent their quotas to school all these years the hunger problem Is nothing new. To look to the old world for an ex ample, the manufacturing city of Bir mingham, England, supplies valuable data of an experiment begun five years ago with a single school and gradually extended over the poorest schools to the number of fourteen. The results are summed up in the current issue of the National Review. The children who are found to be in need are sup plied with a breakfast at school undei supervision of their teachers at a cost of about 2 cents for each meal, or about $5 for the school year. A similar charity maintained by the Birmingham Free Dinners association has been in exist ence about fifteen years. The author of the paper on free breakfasts In the Review is a supporter of the free din ners, and he defends both charities against the charge that they tend to pauperize the beneficiaries. Only about 1 per cent, he says, of the worklngmen of Birmingham are represented* by the children who are fed at the schools. Half of the 1 per cent are 111 and the other half already pauperized. The net resuK then, according to the Review, is the giving of a free breakfast daily to an average of 1,300 children who other wise would begin their tasks with emp ty stomachs. A note of protest against the move ment to feed the hungry ones In the Greater New York school* Is sounded by the Brooklyn Eagle as follows: There are undoubtedly many under nourished children In the school*, but more of those cases are due to ignorance than to poverty. What the frying pan ha* been to the rural digestion the teapot and coffeepot and alum bread from bake shops are to the cities. L*t the board of educa tion add a list of talks on simple, whole some home cookery to their free lecture courses, with a little common sense from intelligent women about the care of chil dren'a teeth and their digestions, and the number of ill nourished children in the schools will decrease. The object of edu cation is to teach people how to carry their own loads, not how to ehift them to other shoulders. Free school books were a necessary evil, but free food would be a grand object lesson In pauperism and de pendence. The Eagle voices a wholesome Amer ican doctrine, and yet the American people often change their minds In the face of a grave alternative. PAGE THREE THE FILIPINOS MAY BE FREE PRESIDENT FAVORS GRANTING ISLANDERS FREEDOM WITH IN NEXT FOUR YEARS. No One Belives That the Plan is To Have United States Leave Abruptly. WASHINGTON. D. C. March 17.— Recently intimations have come from a source worthy of consideration that President Roosevelt hopes to see com plete independence granted to the Fili pinos within the next four years. It may turn out that the talk along this line has nothing for its basis except the declaration of Secretary Taft be fore the committee on ways and means that the administration is in favor of giving the islanders complete independence "as soon as they are ready for it." Whatever is the origin of the talk, there is a great deal of It. and it is feeding on the fact that the secretary of war is preparing to make a visit to the Philippines about Judy 1. For some reason which is not ap parent to persons not on the Inside, there is a good deal of mystery about the coining trip of the secretary of war to the islands. Little Attention Attracted. The proposed visit did not attract unusual attention until it developed that the secretary was exceedingly anxious to have a large number of senators and representatives accom pany him. If all the invitations he has extended to members of Congress should be ac cepted he would have a transport load of guests. Speaker Cannon is dispos ed to go. and it seems probable -<-hat several of the influential members of house and several senators will ac company the secretary. Ostensibly Secretary Taft desired to take members of Congress with him in order that they may be convinced of the justness of the demand for a re duction in the duty on Philippine goods coming into the United States, but some very well informed men be lieve that at the bottom of the affair is the desire of the administration to lay the groundwork for a movement that will eventually give the Filipinos, independence. Public men are unable to guess why the secretary of war should desire to spend two or three months in the islands in company with leaders of congress unless he has In mind a plan for giving the natives a greater measure of independence with in the next year or two and eventual ly—within the Roosevelt administra tion —to increase the measure of indep •lepenvience. No one believes that either the president or his secretary of war is planning to have the United States leave the islands abruptly. The opinion prevails that if there is a definite policy in mind at this time it provides that the islanders shall be advanced independence step by step, and if they show themselves worthy of being trusted with self government the United States will, when the proper times come, follow much the same course that was pursued in dealing with Cuba. In no event, it may be said authoratively, will the United States ever withdrawn from the Philippines absolutely. Should the natives In time prove their capability for self government the United States will, on handling over the reins of government retain a strong military footing In the islands. Enormous sums of money have been invested in the naval base at Cavite, and it is one spot war and navy 'de partment officials says the United Sta tes shall holdl for all time to come as a base for operations in the Far East LAND FAUDB IN UTAH. Thousands of Acres of Rich Coal Lands Secured as "Grazing Land." SALT LAKE, March 17.—Disclosures of wholesale lands frauds in Utah are expected as the result of work by the special agents of the government. Al ready It has been shown that thou sands of acres of valuable coal lands have been entered as grazing land for the nominal sum of $1.50 per ace, the charge of coal land being $20 per acre. Most of the suspicious filings were made during the terms as commission er of the general land office of Binger Hermann, and it Is claimed that pro tection and assistance in the frauds is easily traceable to Hermann. The records of the Salt Lake land office show more than 2,000 of the questionable filings. The name of an engineer In the em ploy of the Utah Fuel company ap pears as agent for sixty entrymen in the cases. The Utah Fuel Company is a Gould-Rockefeller corporation. It Is believed ehere that President Roosevelt will insist on crowding the investiga tion.