DAILY EVENING STATESMAN
THE STATESMAN PUBLISHING COMPANY
PERCY C. HOLLAND, Manager.
Entered at the Postoffice at Walla Walla, Washington, as
Office at No. 9 Third Street, near Main. - Telephone Main 123
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The complete telegraphic news service printed in these
columns is furnished by
SCRIPPS' NEWS ASSOCIATION,
and is by far the best report published in Walla Walla
S«fc _________ — —
NOTICE TO ADVERTISERS
Copy of change of advertisement must be delivered to the
business office by the hour of 10 o'clock a. m. to insure insertion
in the issue of even date.
The duke of Manchester having noticed the tendency
of the American nobility, has taken up railroading in this
country. He is due to get the glad hand and an annual
pass from the earl of Milwaukee and the count of Lacka
The St. Louis brewers want the cruiser St. Louis
christened with beer instead of champagne. Why not?
The Vermont will doubtless have a can of maple syrup
broken on her bow and a jug of hard cider will 'do the
work for the Maine, while the New Jersey will leap into
the ocean's arms accompanied by the Jersey lightning
flash of applejack.
DID GOVERNOR MEAD MEAN IT?
In his speech at Colfax a few days ago Governor
Mead said: "Before the time when the law takes effect,
I shall name on the railroad commission three men, honest,
incorruptible men, who are friendly to the law—men who
will carry out, not only the letter, but the spirit of the law."
These words, uttered with apparent earnestness, led
many to change their opinion of Mr. Mead and to hope
that he would prove a big enough man to rise above the
railroad influences which secured his nomination, says
the Colfax Commoner. But since he was here there have
been persistent and apparently well authenticated reports
that he has decided to name Harry Fairchild of Bellingham
as chairman of the commission. Mr. Fairchild does not
measure up to the standard laid down by Governor Mead.
He may be honest and incorruptible, but his friendship for
the railroad commission law is too recent to permit the
people to forget his outspoken and persistent opposition to
the policy for years past. No man in the state fought the
railroad commission policy in republican state conventions
more vigorously than Mr. Fairchild. No one opposed Gov
ernor Mcßride more bitterly than he. If Fairchild is made
chairman of the commission, a grave doubt is certain to
arise as to whether Governor Mead really meant what he
said in Colfax.
LIBERAL ADVERTISING AND SQUARE DEALING.
If any one had any doubt that Walla Walla is to be
come within a few years a city of 25,000 people that doubt
must have been removed by the rapidity with which
Isaacs' addition and Green's Park addition were disposed
of to buyers agreeing to build homes costing at least $1500.
the lots there were snapped up in short order. Some pur
chasers expressed their readiness to agree to build houses
costing not lss than $4000 each if the limit of cost were
made at least $2500, so as to shut out any attempt to build
The mistake usually made by the owners of new ad
ditions is in selling lots to everybody, regardless of the
purpose for which the lots are to be used or the character
of the houses to be erected. A few shanties in an other
wise attractive neighborhood will be a blemish upon the
whole tract and will keep out desirable buyers.
The promoters of new additions should be actuated by
public spirit as well as a desire to make a good profit, and
to this end all should learn a lesson from the success that
has attended the selling out of Isaacs' and Green's Park
additions. The latter might have been so divided and
sub-divided as to have made one-third more lots than
were actually placed on the market, but the enterprising
promoters had in view the beauty and convenience of
each individual home as well as the general appearance of
the whole addition. The circular walks and drives give
each home its marked individuality and aid in making a
It seems only a few weeks since Green's Park addi
tion was placed on the market, yet practically the entire
tract has been sold. This result was largely due to the
liberal advertising given the addition by the promoters,
who did not hestiate to buy half pages and full pages in
the daily newspapers of the city to tell what they had to
sell. The long lines of people that crowded the office of
John Langdon in the Baker-Boyer building after the ap
pearance of one of these advertisements was proof posi
tive that publicity pays in the sale of real estate as well
as in any other legitimate business.
Real estate men were forced to recognize this fact and
most of them sought to reap a share of the harvest by
posting placards announcing that they were authorized to
sell lots in the coveted addition. It remains to be seen
whether or not real estate men will be wise enough to heed
the lesson they have iearned from the experience of Mr.
Langdon by following his example in liberal newspaper
advertising. It has been clearly demonstrated that Walla
Walla real estate is in brisk demand. The city is bound to
grow and real estate men who recognize this fact will turn
it to their own profit. If they would succeed they must
offer something worth having at reasonable figures.
The lots in Green's Park addition might have been
NOVELTIES IN JEWELRY. Easter Cros
ses. Artistic Shirt Waist Sets
THE MARTIN JEWELRY COMPANY
JESSIE H. MARTIN. Graduate Optician. 401 Main Street.
Eyes Tested Free Glasses Correctly Fitted
sold at higher prices. Many lots have doubled In value
since they were sold. But the promoters adopted a liberal
policy and they are satisfied with the quick sale of their
property at a fair profit. There are other desirable ad
ditions to the city that would sell quite as readily if the
same policy were adopted.
AN ARGUMENT AGAINST RATE REGULATION.
Mr. George R. Peck, general counsel of the Chicago,
Milwaukee & St. Paul railway, presented the railroad side
of the government regulation question at a dinner of the
Union Legal club in Chicago a few nights ago. Mr. Peck
is an able lawyer, a briliant speaker, and no one is better
qualified to argue the railroad side of this question. What
he said is doubtless the best that can be said on that side
of the question, and yet we do not believe it is going to
be satisfactory to the general public or persuade the people
that no further regulation is heeded or ought to be at
After claiming that rebates had practically ceased to
exist, Mr. Peck said:
"Bear in mind that the giving of preferences to one
shipper over another is not illegal at common law. Com
petition is the one thing favored, and competition never
gave equal advantages to all. Its very foundation is in
preferences. The anomaly of the present situation is that
the law requires competition arid prohibits the steps neces
sary to procure it."
We are not going to dispute with Mr. Peck what is or
is not illegal at common law, but we are willing to stand
for the proposition that a railroad company, chartered by
the state and created to do a public service, has no right
to discriminate between shippers, and that, while such
discrimination has existed in the past, the time is sure to
come when it will be entirely eliminated. So far, indeed,
from discrimination between shippers promoting competi
tion, it seems to us directly destructive of legitimate com
petition. The shipper discriminated against is placed at
a disadvantage with his competitor by an agency created
by the state on the theory that it will exercise its powers
fairly as between all citizens of the state. It is this dis
crimination which Mr. Peck speaks of and would justify
which has destroyed competition and created monopoly.
Speaking as a lawyer, Mr. Peck combats vigorously the
conferring of the rate-making power upon the Interstate
commerce commission, because it involves the concentra
tion of legislative, judiciary and executive power in one
body, a consolidation which our system of government has
been careful to avoid by separating these functions of gov
ernment into three separate departments. From a legal
standpoint Mr. Peck's proposition may be altogether sound.
It is not, after all, so much a question whether all th:3
power should be concentrated into one agency as whether
it shall be exercised at all by the creation of the necessary
machinery distributed among representatives of the three
departments of the government.
But one of the most interesting passages in Mr. Peck's
argument is the point recently raised with regard to the
provisions of the constitution prohibiting the giving of a
preference to the ports of one state over the ports of any
Other state by any regulation of commerce. To illustrate,
railroads leading to New Orleans have recently been carry
ing freight at rates alleged to be discriminatory against
New York and other Atlantic ports. Railroads have here
tofore been accused of making rates to southern Atlantic
ports discriminatory against New York. Under govern
ment regulation and rate-making, it is claimed by Mr.
Peck and others, such discrimination would be impossible
and the shippers of the west would be deprived of the
advantages of the low rates to gulf ports because such
preference would be discrimination between the ports of
one state as against the ports of another. Whether this
constitutional provision has anything to do with the regu
lation of internal commerce is a legal proposition which
may require judicial discrimination, but from a layman's
standpoint we are very much inclined to the view that the
constitution-makers never intended that the power of the
government to regulate internal commerce should be made
ineffective and valueless by a regulation contrived long
before there were any railroads in the country, before
steam had been applied to transportation in any form,
and which was doubtless intended to apply solely to port
I charges, customs and items of that character.
GREAT BRITAIN'S JUNK NAVY.
Great Britain, under the strenuous leadership of Ad
miral Sir John Fisher, has just had a startling house
cleaning in the navy. After a struggle of two years with
the conservative sentiment of the admiralty, he has suc
ceeded in having condemned and sold for junk upward of
a dozen vessels that heretofore have been carried on the
effective strength of the British navy. To be sure they
were nearly all obsolete \essels, but they were ironclads,
some of them less than ten years old, and they bore such
sounding names as Victory, Terrible, Invincible, etc. Each
one was probably, at its launching, hailed as the finest
fighting machine of its class, and yet such is the progress
of naval architecture that these ships which cost $15,000,-
--00 C and which never were damaged by a shot, are sold for
half a million and must go to the scrap heap.
The policy of Sir John Fisher has startled the world
with the possibilities of expense in keeping up a modern
navy. The cost of battleships, which a few years ago was
figured at from $3,000,000 to $5,000,000, now goes in at twice
that. The battleship Minnesota, launched the other day
at Newport News, will cost $8,000,000. Great Britain is
building even larger fighting machines than we are.
But not only has Sir John Fisher made John Bull pain
fully aware of the expense of the new navy, but he has
janed him out.of his fancied security. The proceedings of
Sir John Fisher have informed the world of the fact,
which was probably known to the admiralty before, that
the British claim to a margin of naval units over the near
est two nations is not sustained. Germany and France to
gether, or France and the United States combined, leave
England no margin of tonnage or guns.
The customary roar is going up from the lion, but Sir
John Fisher takes it calmly. He answers to the govern
ment and the public that it is a fact that the British em
pire has not the margin of strength on the water that tra
dition has assigned as necessary for her safety. Whether
the government believes it worth while to restore that
margin or abandon the claim, he does not pretend to say.
He only pretends to judge what ships are and what are not
fit to be counted in the effective list.
A "STATTOO" FOR MATT QUAY.
The proposition to erect a marble statue to the late
Senator Quay having reappeared in Pennsylvania, the
Philadelphia North American addresses itself to the task
of suggesting designs for the column and inscriptions for
the base. First, to fiee itself from the imputation of in
humanity in speaking ill of the dead, the North American
combats that saying as untrue. The evil men do, it quotes,
lives after them, and it is often necessary to combat that
evil by speaking the truth of its author.
Besides, the proposition to erect a statue to Quay in
volves a public expenditure in which the North American
must share, and this fact interests the paper not only in a
proper design, but ilso in appropriate sentiments. On one
face of the pedestal it suggests this:
"First in Graft, First in Boodling,
First in the Pockets of His Countrymen."
For another face, in order to condense as much of
Quay's political career into one saying as possible, this line
is offered as peculiarly appropriate:
"His Principal Achievement Was the Destruction
of Popular Government in Pennsylvania."
Mr. Quay was the leading statesman of Pennsylvania,
with the exception of Chris Magee, her only statesman.
He did his state for everything, and it is no more than right
that the world should learn what some of his neighbors
think of him when he is gone.
THE EVENING STATESMAN MONDAY, APRIL 17, 1905.
FOR SPRING AND SUMMER
There are two ways to dispose of a request—
heedlessly pass it by, or investigate it.
Every progressive merchant advertises, and
every merchant has his way of advertising
—so we have ours. Instead of spending a
large amount of money in numerous small
ways, we concentrate it into one fund,
This we do each season, expending this
money for the nobbiest and mo£ up-to-date
merchandise we can buy, and give it abso
lutely free to the ones doing business in our
store between the opening and closing dates
of our Grand Free Offering, which will be
from April 15 to July 4, 1905.
This Season We Are Going to
Give Away Five Pieces of
Gift No. I All Brass Bed
Gift No. 2 .. Beautiful Oak Dining Table
Gift No. 3 .. Full Leather Couch
Gift No. 4 These two Gifts to be selected out of a car of
at* •£ * _ m* furniture for The Drumheller Company
Gift No. 5
NOW ON DISPLAY IN OUR SHOW WINDOW
We invite your careful inspection, and will take great pleasure
in explaining our special method of giving these gifts away,
through our efforts to please all. No one connected with this
store participates in the distribution of these gifts. All are in
vited. 4 Costs you nothing.
Yours for More Trade
The WHITE HOUSE
HATS SHOES \
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