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THE EVENING STATESMAN Established 1861. Official Paper of Walla Walla County Published by STATESMAN PUBLISHING CO. PERCY C. HOLLAND, Mgr. Entered at the Postoffice at Walla Walla, Washington as Second-class Matter. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. Daily- One Year in advance, by mail $6.00 Six months, in advance, by mail $3.00 One Month, by carrier 50 cents One Week, by Carrier 15 cents Weekly- One Year, in advance, by mail $1.00 Six months, in advance, by mail 50 cents The complete telegraphic news ser vice printed in these columns is furnished by SCRIPPS NEWS ASSOCIATION and is by far the best report pub lished in Walla Walla. NOTICE TO M.JVERTISERB. Copy of change of advertisements .nust be delivered to the business of fice by the hour of TEN O'CLOCK a. m. to insure insertion in the issue of -ven date. MISSOURI VS. THE STANDARD. The attack of Attorney General Had lcy of Missouri upon the Standard Oil company serves to recall a similar fight on the trust made by the attor ney general of Ohio, Frank Monnett, in 181*7. That suit was the most de termined and sensational legal assault ever made on Rockefeller. How Monnett came to jump on the Standard is a curious story, set forth graphically in Miss Tarbtll*s history of the trust. The Standard Oil com pany of Ohio had been in the trust agreement with other companies, but on the order of the supreme court of Ohio, had agreed to dissolve. The trustees were continued as trustees in liquidation. As time went on it ap peared that they did very little liqui dating One George Rice, who held a share in the trust, became interested in the matter of liquidation, and in the course of his investigations, came to the conclusion that the court's order was not being carriea out in good faith. After considerable correspondence, he succeeded in getting his one share cancele 1 and received in exchange fr:>< Monal shares in several constituent con >anies He concluded that the trustees were gathering in these frac tion: K end when they were large enough to represent a f ill r! are in the new company to be formed, wo: e tak ing them over themselves at a hand soni p'u';t. ;io*he went to the attor ney general. "Mr. Monnett was young and held to the belief that the busi ness of the attorney general is to en force the laws," says Miss Tarbell. He went t 0 the supreme court and secured an order for the liquidating trustees to show cause why they were not liqui dating. Mr. Monnett went through the same experience with John D. Rockefeller that Mr. Hadley is now en joying with Rogers—carefully framed evasive answers, recourse to refusal to answer on advice of counsel and all the convenient dodges made familiar in suits before referees who have no power to compel categorical replies. In the course of the examination Mr. Monnett called for the books of the trust which would show the earnings of the constituent companies since the alleged dissolution. His object was to disclose whether the trustees were paying dividends on stock which was declared to have no legal existence. This demand the Rockefellers resisted. In the midst of these proceedings Mr. Monnett was informed by an anony mous letter that the Standard Oil company had burned a lot of books taken from its office in Cleveland. The fact of the burning of sixteen boxes of books was established by witnesses, but the company replied that these were not the books wanted. Again ordered to produce the books which were wanted, the officers again re fused on the ground that such records might incriminate them. The trust was in a very tight place. Production of those books would have incriminat ed the trustees, who were in effect carrying on the very combination which the supreme court of Ohio had ordered them to dissolve and which they pretended they had dissolved. Mr. Monnett still continued to press his anti-trust suns when, very con veniently for the Rockefellers, his term Headquarters for Fine Diamonds And all Kinds of Jewelry-Watch Repairing THB 3I.IRTIN JEWELRY COMPANY JESSIE H MARTIN. Graduate Optician. 12$ Main Street Ey*« Tested Free Glasses Corr*->*ly F-tted of office came to a close, rvuuaeuai still remember the sensational turning down of Frank Monnett for renomina : tion in the republican state convention, and lawyers will recall that his succes sor promptly suppressed the cases when he came into office. The attorney general of Missouri, backed by Governor Folk, is not in the same danger of political annihilation; but if his suit becomes anywhere near as warm as that of Monnett, the wiliest tactics of the Standard may be expected to be used against both him and Folk. INSURGENCY IN THE HOUSE. There are indications from Wash ington of a combination of insurgent republicans with the democrats in the house to defeat the Philippine tariff bill and the joint statehood bill. The republicans are the beet sugar people who want to defeat the admission of Philippine sugar. On this question they are high tariff republicans. On the joint statehood question they are liberals holding that it is unfair to Arizona, which is destined to be peo pled with whites, to link her fortunes forever with New Mexico. The demo crats are to be urged to load the tariff bill with free trade amendments and make it impossible in the senate while the republicans will join them in downing joint statehood. The demo crats would gain the credit of having gone farther toward justice to the Fil ipinos than the republicans and also of postponing the statehood question until the future when Arizona may be brought in with two democratic sena tors. The immediate gain, however, would be with the insurgent republicans who would have beaten the Philippine tar iff. Whether the democrats can afford to postpone the just expectations of the Filipinos for a shadowy political advantage in the distant future is for them to say. The same moral problem is before the republican insurgents with the chances in favor of both fac tions sinking moral considerations to political exigencies. The situation suggests strongly the unwisdom of bringing forward the joint statehood bill, which has not the backing of the country and allowing it to imperil the Philippine tariff measure, which has no visible oppo sition in the country, but apparently considerable of the invisible kind which gathers around any tariff measure in congress. Dr. Alfred Russel Wallace says that Herbert Spencer chose to live in a London boarding house among com. monplace people to avoid the mental stimulus of too much brilliant conver sation. He found that an evening at home with retired Indian officers con duced to sleep; while among cultivated company he became nervously ex cited and passed horrible nights with insomnia. He could have achieved the same results by attending house of commons debates or preparing himself every night for a banquet where speeches in the approved English style were made, but it occurred to him very sensibly that it would be wise to be near his bod when the conversation had reduced him to a state of invinci ble drowsiness. In his message convening the Mis sissippi legislature, Governor Varda man says: "As a race the negro is deteriorating morally every day. Time has demon strated that he is more criminal as a free man than as a slave '.that he is increasing in criminality with fearful rapidity, being one-third more crimi nal in 1890 than he was in 1339. In the south. Mississippi particularly, 1 know he is growing worse every year." Governor Vardaman then proposes to withdraw state support of negro schools. Possibly the negro is not be ing taught the right things, but Gover nor "Vardaman would hardly conde scend to consult Booker T. Washing ton on this subject. Senator Dolliver in the senate com mittee moved the consideration of his railway rate bill section by section in order that an early report might be made to the senate. He failed to get his motion adopted, but did secure consent for an "early consideration of all measures pending" before the com mittee. We hope that Senator Dolliver will not be precipitate in this matter. The senate has had only six months of hearings and the hearing of some of the members of the committee is bad. Admiral Rojestvensky informs the Russian admiralty that if the Japanese had not finished him a fleet of North Sea English fishermen from Hull were concealed in a Chinese port prepared to sailv out Pnd An the business. While John Bachtold in his interview published in the morning paper denies that he saw Crocker and Stevenson- in Seattle, he does not deny that he saw them in Taeoma. The question of where he saw them does not materially affect The Statesmans story about Councilman Kirkman's change of base on the saloon license question. Mr. Menz's stone devil was sold for $40, which was oirt cheap, considering how many fulminations from pulpits it attracted. The gate receipts, after the statute was fenced in, amounted to $200, which probably measures the ■ number of fools in Detroit. The city is to be congratulated. Professor Moissau declared at the Paris Academy of Science that he had succeeded in boiling copper at a tem perature of 2,100 degrees, by means of a powerful electric current. How would you like to have Professor Moissan to run your furnace this month? President Hadley of Yale is quoted as a little dubious of the proposition to regualte railroad rates. John D., who recently gave a million dollars to Yale, would be pleased to see the grand old college take its stand on the side of our vested interests. Dr. Depew is a director in eighty close corporations, including the sen ate. He is going to resign from sev enty-nine of them. It is remarkable how a man of Dr. Depew's discern ment should miss the point. Ex-Senator Blackburn of Kentucky has a want ad in the Hogwallow Ken tuckian offering 75c for any informa tion that will lead to the detection of the gentleman that threw that half brick. Lincoln, Neb., weather not only went down to zero, but they threw in a serious earthquake for good measure. Thank fortune, our peerless climate does not have to be shaken before taken. The virtue of a great name hovers over those who bear it. It is worthy of comment that Decatur was acquitted of hazing at Annapolis, while Coffin was convicted and sentenced to dismis sal. Andrew Carnegie is giving away a hunch of church organs. The church has to raise half the money, however. But the organ factory men do not mind this. Ben Long Ear ran away with the wife of Crooked Arm, but as neither was connected with the steel trust they may yet move in good Indian society. Mr. Morales, having been chased out of his capital and defeated in a battle, offers to resign. At that he displays more good taste than Depew. Judging by the descriptions of the lonesome affair in the New York pa pers, Mr. Yerkes could not have en joyed his funeral very much. Chairman Odell's assumption that Theodore Roosevelt is jealous of hlna entitles Odell to a life membership in the humorists' society. Dr. Hunter McGuire states that tu ■ berculosis will exterminate the negro race. Governor Vardaman will have to hurry a little. Billings, Mont., is trying to get its lid on straight. The "perfesh" will have to try South America. ! A man's vocabulary seems pitifully small when he finds that someone has left the outside door ajar. — == Vermont Spiritualists Meet. BURLINGTON, Vt., Jan. 12.—Spirit ualists from all parts of the state are | in attendance at the annual meeting ! of the Vermont State Spiritualistic as , sociation, which convened here today. The attendance is unusually large. The meeting promises to be of more than ordinary interest this year. W. J Colville, a lecturer of international reputation in the Spiritualist world will give several lectures during the ; three days of the convention. Mrs. Ef- I fie Webster Chapman will be the test medium. General Oku's Triumphal M?,rch. TOKIO, Jan. 12.—General Oku, who commanded the left army in Man churia during the war, made a trium phant entry into the city today. The people showe**! the greatest en thusiasm. ♦ The Whitman College Glee ♦ ♦ Club has pleased audiences in ♦ ♦ Oregon and Idaho. Their pro ♦ gram will certainly please you. ♦ ♦ Heavy choruses, specialties, ♦ "stunts"—a very lively program ♦ ♦ indeed. Monday night in the ♦ High School Auditorium. Tic- ♦ ♦ kets on sale Saturday and M6n ♦ day at the Book Nook. ■*■ THE EVENING STATESMAN, WALLA WALLA, WASHINGTON. VALUE OF OLD MEN, Those of Threescore Year* Said t* B« Moat I'aef ul Citizens. America is the young man's country, we are told, because so many of the conspicuous figures among us are young men. The thing is said conventionally, as if there were some moral virtue ic being young; as if, too, the greatest tragedy in American history was not the death some forty years ago of half a million men in the prime of life, which deprived our generation of its wisest counselors. Experience is the only school which gives a degree hon ored of all men, and a man of three score, with the vigor of life still in him, should be the most useful citizen of a community. The awful catastrophe al Baltimore furnished a splendid in stance. The conflagration had been raging for twelve hours. Chief Hor ton of the fire department had been disabled by a live wire. The fighters were without a head. Then William C. McAfee, veteran fire chief, retired for age and accounted an old man, of fered his services to the mayor. They were accepted. Donning his oilskins and grabbing his trumpet, the old chiei went into action. At once the men knew they had a leader. They needed one. The fire was roaring down to the river bank, where were some great resin works filled with turpentine. And as they went so must go East Bal timore. "There will be the deuce to pay if tht fire gets Into that resin," yelled Mc Afee through his trumpet. "If enougt of you men will follow me, we'll go in there and dump the whole outfit lntc the bay." They followed the leader, and they saved East Baltimore.—Leslie's Month ly. TREE PLANTING. Some Valuable Pointers Tbat Arc Well Worth Remembering. First cut off smoothly the broken root ends which are over half an incl: in diameter; next trim the top if it cannot bo easily reached from the ground after planting. With an oak or other hardwood tree cut back se verely, reducing the number of buds CtO per cent to 80 per cent. If the leader is cut off, a tree later forms twe leaders, which are apt to split the trunk and ruin the tree. After the bole has been prepared it should be partially refilled, so that the trees are at their natural level. Spread the roots out straight. Work fine, mel low soil under the center of the tree. In the case of fine roots it may be nec essary to do this with the fingers. With coarse, fibrous roots the earth can be packed in with a pointed stick. Next see that the tree stands ver tically. The simplest way is to stand off, then hold up the shovel so that it forms a plumb bob and take a sight. Then stand around and look at the tr«e from a direction at right angles to i&e first line of sight, seeing that the trunk stands erect on both lines. Packing the earth firmly around the center will hold it in position in most instances. Watering fall planted trees is rarely necessary, as the ground will generally have sufficient moisture.—Garden Mag azine. Blind Men and Smoking:. "Why is it that a blind man never \ smokes?" asked Smith the other day. '"Because he would not know whether ! he was pulling on a lighted cigar or an i unlighted one," replied Jones. "If a ; man shuts his eyes he can't tell wheth- I er he is smoking or not, unless he in : hales his smoke. The inhaler is gener j ally able to feel it passing through the double flues of his chimney nose. But I I have seen the experiment made of blindfolding a smoker who doesn't in | hale and then placing a lighted and un | lighted cigar in his mouth alternately. I He was never able to say when he was ! smoking. He was absolutely uncon | scious of the cloud of blue vapor that j was blown from his mouth when he I had the lighted Havana between his I teeth. A man has to see it in order to I enjoy a smoke." Ad Odd Prescription. Dr. William Osier in one of his Bal timore lectures recited a quaint old cure for the gout—a cure from a sev enteenth century work that was de signed to show gout's hopelessness. "First, pick," said this odd cure, "a handkerchief from the pocket of a spinster of thirty-five who never wish ed to wed; second, wash the handker chief in an honest miller's pond; third, dry it on the hedge of a person who was never covetous; fourth, send It to the shop of a physician who never kill ed a patient; fifth, mark it with a law yer's ink who never cheated a client, and, sixth, apply it hot to the gout tor mented part A speedy cure will fol low." * A Little AmbiEoom. Mr. Gladstone was much bothered by young, unknown authors, who sent him their published works for his judgment. So his secretary was instructed to use this ingenious formula of acknowledg ment: "My Dear Sir-Mr. Gladstone in structs me to say that he is in receipt of your book, for which he returns thanks. Be assured that be will lose no time In perusing it." Very Necessary* First Doctor—ls an operation neces sary In this case? Second Doctor- Well, rather. Just look at tills suit of clothes—l've worn It three years.— Judge. No Relief. Teacher—Now, Willie, If you had 2 cents and Mary should give you two more, can you tell me the result? Wil lie—l'd still be financially embarrassed. woman, it is charged, made a careful An Investment in knowledge always . . _ , , _ . *».~ k~ *« 4. i t» fii search for her husband s savings, pays the best inteerst—Franklin, I She found $300, he says, but over- At Cost! At Cost! Blankets, Comforts, .■HlHaßalaHHalMal Outing Flannel Night Robes. SHOES and OVERSHOES Boy's Clothing and many other things too numerous to mention. It will pay you to trade at The Golden Rule The Modern Department Store TO HAVE BIG RABBIT DRIVE DR. N. G. BLALOCK ARRANGES DAY'S SHOOTING FOR THE SPORTSMEN. Big Time Promised On Blalock Island February 9—Two Hundred Persons Invited. Dr. N.. G. Blalock is making ar rangements for a big rabbit drive on Blalock island in the Columbia river on February 9. According to the plans made he has issued invitations to all the gun clubs in Eastern Oregon, Eastern "Washington, Seattle and Port land to send about twenty of their members to participate in the drive. They are expected to reach the sta tion on the O. R. & N. opposite the island early on the morning of Feb ruary 9, where they will be met by a reception committee. The hunters will be divided into squads and taken to the island on Dr. Blalock's launch, Island Queen, and then a tour of the island will be made. It is expected that about 2'oou sportsmen will participate in the drive and while on the island they will be the guests of Dr. Blalock who is arranging to furnish them with lodging accommodations and meals. The O. R. & N. company has an nounced that they will make a liberal reduced rate to accommodate the sportsmen who will participate in the drive. GIVES INDIANS A SHOCK. Ben Long Ear Runs Away With the Wife of Crooked Arm. CROW AGENCY, Mont., Jan. 12.— Excitement prevails among the Crow tribe because of the alleged elopement of two of their number. Ben Long Ear, son-in-law of Chief Big Medicine, and a handsome young squaw, wife of Crooked Arm, are the principals in the romance. Both are graduates of Carlisle and have beer in high standing with the government officials and their own people. The looked several hundred dollars which he had realized from a recent sale of ponies. She took her 18-months-old papoose with her. Mourns Loss of Papoose. While Crooked Arm is heartbroken, he longs and asks for the return ot his papoose, of which he says: "Some time papoose make heap big chiei!." Long Ear's love for the young and handsome squaw is said to have been known a long timev dating back to their college days at Carlisle. Long Ear leaves a weeping young wife he hind him. Indian police have been scouring the reservation in all directions, but up to tonight have found no trace of the missing couple. It is believed that they drove north to some point on the Northern Pacific railroad and will probably turn up at some western res ervation. DRIED PEAT FUEL. Thirty-Five Million Tons on Land in lowa. WEBSTER CITY, la., Jan. 12—Be tween 25,000 and 35.000 tons of dried peat fuel await commercial develop ment and marketing in nine northern counties of this state. This is the estimate of the state geological sur vey in a bulletin just issued. The , figures are made on a basis of 600 to 1,000 tons of peat to the acre in the marshes which have been surveyed by the state authorities. The quantities in tons are shown in the following counties: Worth. 6,000,000; Winnebago, 8.000,- 000; Hancock, 3,000,000; Cerro Gordo, 10,000.000; Wright, 1.000,000; Frank lin, 1.500,000; Emmet, 2,000.008; Clay, 2,000,000; Palo Alto, 2,000,000. In addition to the deposits in the counties named, peat is also found in some others, though not in great quantities. While there is quite a wide range in the character of the peat found in these marshes, most of it is somewhat fibrous, brown In color and consists of pure vegetable debris, with scarcely a trace of mud. It also shows very little evidence of oxida tion, due to the drying of the bogs and the resulting exposure to the air. Henry Lemke, of Dows, secretary of the lowa Fuel & Brick company, says that raw peat can be "bricked" and prepared for the market at $1.50 per ton, and states that there is a good demand for it at $3 per ton. He says that people who once use this fuel always return to the plant for more. FRIDAY, JANUARY 12, 1906. MILLERS ARE IN COMBINE SEATTLE MAN DECLARES THAT THEY ARE KEEPING UP FEED PRICES. Asserts They Are Responsible for High: Quotations On Butter and Eggs Throughout State. One of the important addresses de livered at the Washington State Hor ticultural association now in session at North Yakima was that made by W, H. Paulhamus of Seattle. In tht course of his remarks he said than the reason for the high price of but ter and eggs is the combine of the mil lers of the state of Washington for holding up prices. He said that by this combine the price of feed is 100 per cent higher than it ought to be. He said that he was interested in a movement to take the matter up and. make it warm for the millers all over the state. He did not say what he would do, but intimated that feed pro ducts would be brought from the cen tral west to beat the combine. Hu said that butter could now be shipped from lowa to the Sound and be sold cheaper than it can be made in> Washington. The sentiment among his hearers on this subject was almost unanimous and it is probable the Yakima Fruit Growers will lend him their support. Debate Rate Question. SALT LAKE CITY, Utah, Jan. 12.— The debate which has been arranged between the University of Utah and the University of Colorado, will be held here this evening. The question to be debated is, "Resolved that the Inter state Commerce Commission should have the power to fix all railway feright rates." Six men of each uni versity will be arrayed against each other in this debate and an interesting contest of arguments is expected. Opening of Poultry Show. OTSEGO, Mich., Jan. 12.—The an nual poultry show of the Allegan Poul try and Pet Stock association opened here today with a large list of exhibits and a big attendance.