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THE EVENING STATESMAN Established 1861. Official Paper of Walla Walla County Published by STATESMAN PUBLISHING CO. PERCY C. HOLLAND, Mgr. Entered at the Postoffice at Walla Walla, Washington as Second-class Matter. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. Daily— One Year in advance, by mail $6.00 Six months, in advance, by mail $3.00 One Month, by carrier 50 cents One Week, by Carrier 15 cents Weekly- One Year, in advance, by mail $1.00 Six months, in advance, by mail.... 50 cents The complete telegraphic news ser vice printed in these columns is furnished by SCRIPPS NEWS ASSOCIATION and is by far the best report pub' lished in Walla Walla. NOTICE TO wJVERTISERS. Copy of change of advertisements .nust be delivered to the business of fice by the nour of TEN O'CLOCK a. m. to insure insertion in the issue of <ven date. WHY GLASFORD IS WRONG. In the interest of fair play The Evi ning Statesman in this issue pub lishes a communication from Council man ami Building Inspector William H. Glasford in reply to an article appear ing in The Statesman January IT deal ins: with Building Inspector Glasford's receiving pay from Mottet Bros, for his s< rvices in superintending the con struction of a building in West Main street, which he was also supposed to be inspecting in his official capacity. Mr. Glasford says in his communica tion that the article was published in Drder to create public sentiment against him in the libel suit he has brought against The Evening States man. In this he is wide of the mark. His libel suit is not regarded seri ously by the management of this paper, but as a "josh" clothed in legal verbiage. The management does not believe that there is any necessity of manufacturing public sentiment to protect itself against this frivolous suit. The purpose of The Evening States man in publishing the article to which Mr. Glasford objects was to call at tention to the too common practice of combining and confusing public and private duties. A state law expressly prohibits public officials from being Interested in any contract with which they have any connection in an of ficial capacity. Mr. Glasford's duties as superintendent for Mottet Bros, wove plainly inconsistent with his dut. lea as city building inspector. Being under obligations to Mottet Bros, for his private job he would be better than most men if he were not in con- Bequence more lenient with them in the enforcement of the requirements of the building ordinances as the city's Inspector. It is as difficult to serve two masters at the same time when their int< rests conflict as to ride two horses going in opposite directions at the same time. Suppose every man in the city erecting a building should em ploy Inspector Glasford as superin tendent, would any citizen have con fidence that the building ordinances were being strictly enforced? Yet if it is right for the building inspector to accept such employment in one in stance it would be just as proper for him to accept it for every new building | in the city. An act or course of action wrong m one instance is wrong in all. and conversely if it is wrong in all, it is wrong in any case. Inspector Glasford says his employment in a private capacity as superintendent of construction is just as proper as the employment of a salaried employe of the Northwestern Gas & Electric com pany as the city's electrical inspec tor. The cases are not parallel for the reason That i n his private employment Mr. Brackett has nothing to do with the wiring of buildings or the selling of electrical fixtures. If his public duties were at cross purpose with his private duties as an employe of the Northwestern Gas & Electric company, the ease would be on all-fours with the employment of Councilman Glasford as building inspector for the city and su. perintendent of construction for priv ate Individuals on the same job at the Headquarters for Pine Diamonds And ail Kinds of Jewelry-Watch Repairing THE MARTIN JEWELRY COMPANY JESSIE H MARTIN, Graduate Optician, 125 Main Street Eyes Tested Free Glasses Correc*ly Fitted same time, and it would be a violation of public policy and of the law. THE "BIG STICK" AND PEACE. Professor Goldwin Smith, the emi nent publicist of Canada, is not in fav or of the "big stick." He does not believe that a carrier of the "big stick" is likely to walk so softly as if he were not so equipped. He writes to the New York Independent an article re viewing the circumstances attending the outbreak of recent wars, maintain ing that the condition of prepared ness for war tends to a cultivation of the warlike spirit. Indeed, he con cludes that we are being "rebarbar ized" by the maintenance of large armies and great navies. He contends that the Crimean war was the result not of long hostility against Russia, but of the machina tions of Palmerston, who had the means of war ready to back up his per sonal animosities and ambitions. The Boer war he attributes to the jingo ists of England and the colonists. Eng land is so strong on the sea that a conflict was narrowly averted when some Russian sailors, panic-stricken or drunken, fired on a British trawler, which they mistook for a torpedo boat, although the relations of Great Britain and Russia had been such that nobody could have imagined, says Mr. Smith that the Russian government could have intended such an assault. He also contends that there would have been no Spanish-American war if the Maine had not been blown up, and he is quite sure that that disaster was due to internal causes. On the instan; the American people, who had equipped themselves with a better navy than Spain possessed, were aflame and the government was forced into war. Citing these and other cases where preparation for war existed, Mr. Smith concludes that the "big stick" is a source of real danger and instead of being, as is often maintained, a pro tection against hostilities it is a pow erful influence toward bringing tnem about. He argues that peace is to b secured by the reduction of armaments and by a reduction of armaments alone. While it may be conceded that the possession of means of defense some times leads to the use of those facilities unworthy, the cure for such misuse lies not altogether in the destruction of the facilities but rather in the cul tivation of a larger and more vital in terest in international arbitration, which has already achieved great vic tories. Other powerful agencies for peace, not inconsistent with the pos session of strong means of defense, or of offense, if necessary, are inter national commerce, international finan cial co-operation and international co. operation and mutuality of interest in art, education, science and religion. When men of different nationalities and races have common interests that touch tehir senses, their hearts and their pocketbooks they are better safe guarded against any remaining war like tendencies than by merely redu cing their fighting machinery by mu tual consent. Such a reduction could only be relative anyway. THE SPIRIT OF GRAFT. Chicago has claimed to be practi cally free from graft, but unless As sistant Corporation Counsel Suther land is mistaken. Chicago has been deceived. That gentleman has report ed to Mayor Dunne that he has un earthed evidence to show that the city has been defrauded to the extent of $5,000,000 in the last ten years on con tracts for the construction of water tunnels and sewers and the purchase of machinery. This is a considerable sum of money even in Chicago, and the disclosures of Mr. Sutherland are in teresting to the public. The corporation lawyer's charges summarized are that the contractors decreased the thickness of the walls of the tunnels at the expense of the city: that the city pays for from three to five times as many wood slabs for tunnel construction as it receives; that large quantities of machinery pur chased by the city have disappeared; that no record of the machinery thus acquired exists, and that the inspectors were under the influence of the con tractors. This is the meat of the graft busi ness. The dishonest contractor always needs a friend on the inside and he looks for an inspector, poorly paid, the creature of a political system, whose tenure of office is uncertain and he shows where they can be mutuary iscful ar'd nobody but the great tig yeless entity, the community, be the -.ufforev. "Wha" is the constiuticn ">etwe n friends?*' asked Flannignn of Texas. What is the public between grafters? The people of Chicago may have im pure water from graft-made tunnels with walls which will not keep out sewage; children may die from typhoid; doctors may hurry in un availing toil to save the stricken, but what of that? Nobody saw the inspec tor do anything. He did not do any thing but turn his back and hold out his hand. THE HORSE A DANGEROULS ANIMAL. It is not often one hears the horse denounced, but Rene Bache, writing in the Saturday Evening Post, declares hmi to be the most dangerous animal in the world. From the books of ac cident insurance companies he has fig ured out that one person in twelve of the population meets with a disabling accident once in every twelve months, and of these, 12 per cent are due to the horse. This is to say that every year the horse knocks out 780,000 peo ple. If but 1 per cent of these die, then the country loses every year 8000 lives because of horses. This showing is set over against the fact that one accident in 500 is attribut able to dogs, classing even intentional dog bites as accidents; one in 800 to handling cattle, one in 2000 to mule kicks and only one in all to intimacy with cats. This .was the case of a man who kicked at a cat, missed it, hit a sofa and sustained a bruise which developed blood poisoning from which the man died. This is seemingly a bad showing for the horse. Mr. Bache says it is not because of the enmity of the horse, but because he is born a fool and never gets over it. We should rather think that it is because some men are born fools and don't know how to treat horses. The denial of a superior order of animal intelligence to horses is the only surprising statement in the arti cle. To assume it from the fact that many accidents occur to rnen in the handling of horses is unfair to the lower animal. In every horse ac cident there are two animals in volved, and it is very often a question which one is the less intelligent. People who become impatient of the law's delays should take a day off oc casionally to consider their beauties. There is the case of Albert T. Pat rick, for example, who was convicted six years ago of the murder of Wil liam BE. Rice. The state of New York has been trying ever since to get him under the wire, but he has resisted by means of appeals until his lawyers have had time to prove that the old man died from natural causes. If it had not been for the facility of ap peals Patrick would have long ago been killed for a crime which he did not commit and which in all proba bility was not committed at all. A plucky man with a shotgun de fending the rights of a struggling woman to the benefits of a fair con tract for crude oil to operate an inde pendent refinery at Niotaze, out of which the Standard Oil monopoly has sought to defraud her, is the incredible spectacle which challenges the atten tion of a people who boast that they live in the land of the free and the home of the brave. O shame! Where is thy blush? —Kan- sas City Star. Shame is too mad to blush and it doesn't know what else to do quite yet. Reports from Paris indicate that Lebandy's flying machine has turned Lhe trick and is navigating the atmos phere. The Debats states that the minister of war made an ascent re cently. Unfortunately there is still some hydrogen gas used by Lebaudy. The Wright brothers in Ohio are flying without gas. We claim for the United States the first real airship. "I never assume too much," says H. H. Rogers. However, if the supreme court opens Mr. Rogers' firmly set jaws with a legal pry it may appear that he assumed too much in declining to give the courts any information about the trust business. Suppose President Roosevelt loses in his fight with the senate for govern ment supervision of railroad rates — he probably will not. but suppose that he does—will the public blame him? Let the republican senate put that in its pipe and smoke it. Poultney Bigelow was in Panama but twenty-eight hours including day and night, but where a man is after a certain thing, he can find it much quicker than he can ascertain the exact facts. Under no circumstances will Thomas W. Lawson offer himself as a doormat. Persons wishing to wipe their feet on Mr. Lawson will please stand on their heads. But for a good meal go to Olson's. THE EVENING STATESMAN,WALLA WALLA, WASHINGTON. England's Empire In India. Rudyard Kipling by his wonderful writings awakened a deep interest in India among the western nations, but there are very few people who. not hav ing visited India, are sensible of what tin enormous empire it is and how pro digious are its possibilities. The war In the east stimulated the activities of the Hindoos, and England's solicitude for a continuance of supremacy was displayed in the treaty concluded with Japan in August, 1905. A review of the extent of the empire and its vast re sources is pertinent at this time. Brit ish India ranges over 29 degrees of latitude, from the eighth to the thirty eeventh parallel, making 1,750,000 equare miles. The population of this mighty empire is but little short of 300,000,000. The bulk of this people live in villages of less than 2,000 popu lation. In the great plain of Bengal no fewer than 65,000,000 souls are en tirely dependent upon agricultural pur suits, the average density of the popu la_tion being over 700 to the square mile. Here there are three crops gath ered each year of wheat, millet and oil seed and two rice crops. Two hundred million acres are under cultivation, and one-sixth is rendered arable by irriga tion. Not less than 70,000,000 acres are devoted to rice, about 40,000,000 to millet and about 25,000,000 fo wheat. The annual output of the Indian coal mines is about 3,000,000 tons. In spite of all these resources famine and pov erty ravage vast districts periodically, and plague follows in their footsteps. 1o the amelioration of this condition England has bent all her commercial and moral faculties, but the greatest obstacle has been the inherited igno rance and superstition of the common people. Slowly but surely western en terprise is pushing its way into the jungles and along the Ganges up to the base of the Himalayas, and when one considers that the trade of Great Brit ain with India is over $300,000,000 per year and that only a small portion of the vast domain of India has been re deemed to civilization one can dimly perceive what an enormous factor in the world's producing power this rich empire will be when it is once thor oughly subject to all the modern influ ences. Overbusy Young Women. Something will presently have to be done for the relief of young women who must keep up to date. Some of them look as though they were ready to snap at any moment. The strain of being "in touch" with the times is wearing them down to nervous ghastli ness. The young lady who is abreast of things has to read all the new books, see all the new pictures, hear all the latest music, attend all the new plays, kiss all the latest heroes, dress for all the swell receptions, take a dash at all the bargain counters, study all the fashion papers and hold herself in read iness to dress for dinner or deliver an essay at short notice. Nothing is so crushing to the up to date creature as to be asked if she has read somebody's last book or sat out the last opera or the newest play—that is to say, if she hasn't. And to do all v these things she needs five more hours on the day, which she has to take from the night. How, she asks herself, am I to keep up this dreadful pace and continue to dress for dinner, for the street and for the opera? She has to travel four roads at once—the fashion able, the intellectual, the aesthetic and the sociable—and as she does not wake up till 10 o'clock her routes are not all covered. ! Publication of the long promised "Letters of Queen Victoria" has again been postponed. There will be three volumes of the letters, covering the important perioi from 1837 to 1861, and a London literary paragrapher declares that they will "throw nevr light" upon matters of importance, notably the Crimean war and the sepoy rebellion. England would hardly relish having the searchlight turned upon cer tain phases of these events at this par ticular time. Helen Gould is quoted as saying that she carries a bottle of chloroform with her when traveling, to be used for anaesthetic purposes in case of acci dent. Belonging as she does to a pow erful railway family, If Miss Gould is haunted to that extent by expectations of railway accidents she might do a good turn at forestalling suffering from wrecks by urging the exercise of every precaution known to railway science for the prevention of accidents. Professor Lowell, who Is studying the canals of Mars at long range, de clares that they are artificial and not the result of natural processes. He is | of course unable to determine whether they are sea level or lock affairs, thus leaving our Panama problem where it | was before. It seems that th* death of Sir Henry Irving, actor, did not efface the name from the order of English nobility, for there is still a Sir Henry Irving, knight ed ahead of the actor and who has long rested under a complete eclipse. At least one Russian nobleman hai sense, for be abandons country and title to marry an American glri. SUNNYSIDE BRANCH TO BE BUILT N. P. Files Certificate of Resolution With Secretary of State. The Northern Pacific railroad has filed in the office of the secretary of state a certificate of a resolution adopt, ed January 5, 1906. declaring the inten tion of the railroad to build what is known as the Sunnyside branch. This branch is 20.28 miles long and extends from a point in section 24, township 10, range 21 east, to a point in the town of Sunnyside, in the south east quarter of section 23, township 9. range 23 east. The best recommendation I can give Cleveland's Baking Powder is that I use it in preference to all others. — Mrs. A. Nelson, Walla Walla. ••DO IT TO-DAY!" "And to think that ten months ago I looked lik» this! I owe it to German Syrup." The time-worn injnnction, "Never pm off 'til to-morrow what you can do to day," is now generally presented in this form : "Do it to-day !" That is the terse advice we want to give you about that hacking cough or demoralizing cold with which you have been struggling for sev eral days, perhaps weeks. Take some reliable remedy for it To-day—and let that reruedv be Dr. Boschee's German Syrup, which has been in use for over thirty-five years. A few doses of it will undoubtedly relieve your cough or cold, and its continued use for a few days will cure you completely. No matter how deep-seated your cough, even if dread consumption has attacked your lungs, German Syrup will surely effect a cure— as it has done before in thousands of ap parently hopeless cases of lung trouble. New trial bottles, 25c; regular size, 75c. At all druggists. » For Sale By The Hacket Drug Co. \ HIGH-CLASS \ _ =^_== ___ 4fc CJ Work is only produced by shops A having up-to-date Equipment. A (j Our machinery is the latest and best. ■r-imwn.n.-iiii xV XV • Sv^: ito ■ i 'i — —.. — —-- * aa A a -2t 2 A -*s £1 '-i * WATCH The \ . xV q Work turned out by The States- % «j man Co., There is a Differ- % f§ ence. <J The Statesman shop C| is equipped with the latest and <J best. tj Phone Main 123. I>. The Richest of All Tonics Cures All Diseases Arising from Poor and Watery Blood or Shattered Nerve Forces. By building up and restoring the lost power and strength to the by making the blood rich and pure, the followmg Muscular WeaknessJg. SKfiS P^ s ?n the Head Lack of Ambition or Nerve Force, Irritability, ££££££ BtaJSSU Pale and Sallow Complexion Dark Circles under the Eyes, Palpitation of the Heart, Breath, Cold and Feet, Numbness of the Limbs, Swelling of the Feet and Limbs Chills and Hot Flushes, Fainting, Fits, Vertigo, Dizzi ness RuVh of Blood to the Head, Catarrh, Consumption Scrofula Bolls Pimples Black Heads, Leucorrhea, Tardy Development of Girls'a3llrretnilaritiesof Womea, Paralysis, locomotor Ataxia, fnsanUy St Vitus' Dance, Twitching of the Eyelids, Weak BtoE* Vision, Ringing in the Ears, Loss of Memory of Will and all those Nervous Diseases which make a Physical Wreck of the Sufferer and lead to Insanity. Weigh yourself before taking it. Put up in tablet form. Price 50 cents a box. THE DR. CHASE COMPANY I 224 North Tenth St., Philadelphia, Pa. for Sale by THE PIONEER DRUG STORE. Five Free Lectures ON "The Laws of Life and Health" By MRS. 0. S. FOWLER Widow of the celebrated author, lecturer and phrenologist, Prof. O. iS. Fowler of New York. Beginning Sunday, January 21, 2:30 p. m., to all; January 22, Bp. m. to all: January 23, 2:30 p. m., ladies only; and 8 p. m., gentlemen only: January 24, 8 p. m., to all. :: :: :: FRIDAY, JANUARY, 19, 1906.