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THE EVENING STATESMAN Established 1861. Official Paper of Walla Walla County Published by STATESMAN PUBLISHING CO. PERCY C. HOLLAND, Mgr. Entered at the Postoffice at Walla Walla, Washington as Second-class Matter. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. Daily— One Year in advance, by mail $6.00 Six months, in advance, by mail $3.00 One Month, by carrier 50 cents One Week, by Carrier 15 cents Weekly- One Year, in advance, by mail $1-00 Six months, in advance, by mail 50 cents The complete telegraphic news ser vice printed in these columns is furnished by SCRIPPS NEWS ASSOCIATION and is by far the best report pub lished in Walla Walla. AN OUTRAGEOUS RULE. The decision of the county assessors in state convention to tax all mort gages except those given on the pur chase price of property will not meet the approval of a majority of the tax payers of the state. The new rule was adopted upon the demand of the state tax commission. To tax mortgages is to force nearly every man with a mortgage on his home to pay double taxes while many money lenders escape all taxation. Nearly every mortgage note contains a provision binding the mortgagor to pay the tax on the mortgage if any is levied. This in addition to interest of from 8 to 10 per cent amounts to usury, btu it is doubtful if the courts would so construe it. County Assessor Berryman opposed the new rule, but he will probably fol low it in obedience to the order of the .state tax commission. That body seems to be assuming authority that it does not possess under the law, which makes the commission merely an advisory board. In the city and county of Walla Walla there are hundreds of mortgages that will be subject to taxation under the new rule and the debtor, not the money lender, will he required to pay the tax. The Statesman would sug gest that if mortgages are so taxed that every property owner concerned should go before the county commis sioners sitting as a board of equaliza tion and ask that this tax be cancelled. It is likely that the commissioners would Kraal these requests. The tax com mission would no doubt get even with th<- county by having the state board of equalization levy the amount thus cut off against the county, but the tax would he distributed among all the property of the county, including rail roads and other corporate property, and the additional burden on mort gaged property would be light. The main purpose of the state tax commission in conferring with the county assessors in state convention s< ems to have been to secure the adop tion of this rule taxing the poor man's mortgage and to have his property as s» Bsed at a higher percentage of its market value. In the light of what was done at the Olympia convention the commissioners of this county may have been justified in refusing to pay the expenses of the county assessor in participating in the making of rules of taxation that will increase the burdens of the poor man and lighten the bur dens of the rich. THE POKER QUESTION AGAIN. The Chicago Inter-Ocean, with a courage suggestive of the "I will" mot to of that farfamed city of thugery. has reopened the question whether poker is a gambling game. It was supposed that this question had been settled and settled right and therefore not subject to appeal. Poker has been too often demonstrated to be a game of skill to require evidence on the sub ject. Thousands of men will testify that there is no chance in poker. Even those who win admit that their suc cess was the result of deep meditation upon the essential characteristics of human nature. They brooded and brooded until they arrived by deduc tion as sure as Lord Bacon s at a sure knowledge of what certain men would do under certain conditions. They used that knowledge and made mone> by it and people call it gambling. If they had used the same or even less skill in predicting the actions of an op posing general in war it would have been called denthl.-ss fame. But be cause comparatively few people are killed in poker games anl many are killed in war as the result of miscal culation, people denounce poker as gambling, while they uphold war as glorious. It is a burning shame to dis criminate against poker in this way. PARTY NATURALIZATIONS. The civic federation of Chicago. >vhile it agrees with the Purdy com mission as to the abuses of naturaliza tion, does not think it necessary to confine citizen making to federal courts. The facts adduced by the fed eration are startling enough to make reform a live issue. It shows that In Chicago between Oct. 1 and Nov. 5, 1900, first papers were granted to 10,449 applicants. This was an aver age of fifty a day for all of the courts, if they did nothing else, but everybody knows that the judges attended to their other duties, and the making of citizens was purely incidental. Citizens are usually made at night sessions of the courts, where the grind is incessant while it lasts, and where the personal examination is perfunc tory. Professional witnesses are used to a large extent. Political commit tees deposit with the clerk of the court a lump sum to be drawn against for th e expense of naturali zation and the precinct workers go out In search for aliens who may be made citizens and partisans at the same time. The "worker" is sure to tell the alien that he is being made a citizen and a member of the repub lican or democratic party, as the case may be. If the alien is too sharp or well-informed to swallow such a large dose, his sense of gratitude to the party which is paying his way into the great family of voters i s drawn upon. Politicians realize that it is the first vote that counts. The man who has declared himself a member of a politi cal party, even if he did so without much knowledge of the party's princi ples, likes to indorse his own action. The first vote so far fixes the political status of many men that party man agers take all kinds of ways to get it. One of the cheapest is to pay for a man's naturalization. The objection to it is obvious. Tak ing the oath of allegiance to the Unit ed States is a different act from de claring faith in the principles or poli cies of this or that, political party. To mix them looks like making merchan dise of citizenship. The national commission recom mended raising the naturalization fee and requiring the applicant to produce it personally in court. The raising of the fee is a reform measure of doubtful efficacy. Hun dreds of applicants are really unable to pay the present fees. To raise them would put the e men more firm ly under the thumb of political com mittees. Moreover, it would give the richest committees the monopoly of making citizens. The desired result might be better attained by removing the fees entirely and by instructing the new citizen that he owed nothing to anybody for his admission. The federation recommends that the hurry up night sessions of the courts for naturalization b e prohibited, that the witness industry be broken up by lim iting the number of cases in which one person may testify to five in a single term of court. Further, it is recom mended that all naturalizations be made in open court, in the regular hours, when no other business is before the court. It is to be observed that none of the reform measures suggested show any spirit of hostility toward aliens becom ing citizens. They are all directed against the applicant being brought into citizenship under the surveillance of political committees. It is a move ment to guarantee his independence a s a citizen and not to prevent his be coming such. Uncle Sam sits in the Moroccan game on the distinct condition that there Is a limit, that the cards, new and of standard size and unmarked, are shuffled and cut. He will stand for n 0 heathen Chinee practices, and if there is any gunplay he will cash in and quit by the open door. We should like to have Poult ney Bigelow's candid opinion of the new northwest passage before any con gressman introduces a bill for deep ening, dredging, ballasting, counter scraping and "for other purposes." The advent of Sarah Bernhardt in Boston has set the conversation socie ties to work with redoubled energy, but somehow French cannot be pro nounced entirely by energy. When the sultan of Morocco heard of the conference he would have torn his hair but for the fact that ;o so would rcqyire :he unv.indins of tinriy three yards of 'urban. ' Grover Cleve'nnd is said to be grieved because the people did not boil over with en*hu-dasm about his new job. Grovcr's sense of honor i rather rudimcniary. Congressman Longworth wishes the United States were well rid of the Philippines. Nick does not need them any longer as a wooing ground. Don't Forget that this % :r ;rr Our Final Sweep- Jan - 25| Out Sale Of All WINTER GOODS A FEW POINTERS: Every Sale will be a./* we have advertised, FINAL. By this we mean POSITIVELY no money refunded, or goods exchanged; any other time in our regular business we would gladly do so. Out Fall Stock Tailor Made Suits tot $5.00 $7.50 $9.95 This lot comprises Long Coat Suits, Blouse Suits, Eton Suits of Cheviot, Broadcloth, Panama and Serges. ALL ALTERATIONS EXTRA 33 1-3 OFF ON ALL LADIES WALKING SKIRTS 33 1-3 OFF ON LONG AND SHORT KIMONAS Ladies' Wool Waists Selling at Just 1-2 Price. A Special Lot of Wool Waists going lot 50 cts. A Dandy Lot Cotton Waists for 95 cts. Special Prices on Fancy Silk Waists SEE BARGAIN TABLE A GOOD SHOWING IN SHORT SLEEVED SUM MER WAISTS 331-3 off on all FURS WATCH THE PA- 1 f O •J II KEEP YOUR EYE ON ItouTsate WALLA LIO3K 0£ oUll lIOUSG Theßa^ain TABLE 24 EAST MAIN STREET PHONE MAIN 247 THE EVENING STATESMAN, WALLA WALLA, WASHINGTON. Miscellaneous $2.25 Kid Gloves n ow $1.80 $1.73 Kid Gloves now $1.50 $1.25 Kid Gloves now SI.OO $1.00 Elbow Silk Gloves now 70£ 65c Short Silk Gloves now 39^ 25c Fleeced Gloves now 19^ Ladies'-Childrens* Golf Gloves 19^ 33 1-3 on all purses. 50c Purse now 34^ 75c Purse now 50^ $1.00 Purse now • 67^ $1.50 Purse now $1.00 $2.50 Purse now $1.67 $3.75 Purse now $2.50 $4.00 Purse now $2.67 NO GLOVES FITTED DURING THIS SALE 25% discount on all Ribbons. 20% discount on all Linen Handkerchiefs. 25c-35c Collars selling for 15^ 50c-60c Collars selling for 35^ 10c-15c Collar forms for 5^ $3.50 Belt-Bag Sets for $1.50 $2.25 Japanese pillow tops $1.75 50c Japanese pictures for 39^ Our entire line of fancy belts going at 19£- 50^ Our Entire Line of Fancy Belts Going* at 19, 39c, 50c A Big Snap in Coats Ladies' 3-4 Length Coats Going at Half Price $5.00 for $2.50 $ 7.50 for $3.75 8.00 for 4.00 10.00 for 5.00 33 1-3 on Ladies 9 50-in. or Long Coats 33 1-3 on Cravenette Rain Coats A Special Showing of Short Jackets for J FOR THE Children 33 1-3 on Children's wool cot ton dresses 33 1-3 on Children's Bear cloth 50 per cent, on Girl's Coats Look on Bargain table and find these A few School Dresses for 98c. Children's Corduroy Coats for $1.98. One Special Line of Coats for $1.48 Another bunch from 4 to 12 years for $2.75. Prices ranging from $4.50 to $10.50. 25 per cent, on G. D. or Justrite Corsets 20 per cent, on All Fancy Cot ton Hose 20 per cent, on Merode-Forrest Mill Underwear Ladies' Velvet-Grip Hose Sup porters at prices worthy of your attention. Big Reduction on all Dress Pads Look on the Counter for Ladies 9 Cotton Union Suits at I9c WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 24, 1906.