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THE EVENING STATESMAN Established 1861. Official Paper of Walla Walla County Published by STATESMAN PUBLISHING CO. PERCY C. HOLLAND, Mgr. Entered at the Postoffice at Walla Walla, Washington as Second-class Matter. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. Daily— One Year in advance, by mail $6.00 Six months, in advance, by mail $3.00 One Month, by carrier 50 cents One Week, by Carrier 15 cent* Weekly- One Year, in advance, by mail $1.00 Six months, in advance, by mail 50 cents The complete telegraphic news ser vice printed in these columns is furnished by SCRIPPS NEWS ASSOCIATION and is by far the best report pjb* lished in Walla Walla. NOTICE TO KJVERTISERS. Copy of change of advertisements nust be delivered to the business of fice by the nour of TEN O'CLOCK a. m. to insure insertion in the issue of •ven date. A polite unionist member from Loo don has gotten up and given Artie Balfour his si at. Castro await* the advance of the French navy from an eminence about thirty miles Inland. Coach Yost has joined the faculty at Ann Arbor. This is quite a com 3-' down for old "Hurry-up." The big Cullinan diamond just found in South Africa is quoted at $45,000.- '000. We would not give it. Reforming football in winter is like making a garden before spring. The work goes forward prodigiously. The senate is said to be convinced that it is saving the republic. How differently people look at things. The two most widely known poli ticians in Great Britain seem to be Campbell-Bannerman and Arthur-al so-ran. When Mr. Balfour taught the British voter the theory of retaliation he did not expect to have it practiced on him. self first. Streetcar strap microbes have made a Detroit citizen quite sick. A man can catch things today without running for them. Perhaps if they had a more exten sive party to lead Alphonse Chamber lain and Gaston Balfour would not bs so loth to lead it. Colonel Mann admits that he re turned some of the money borrowed, but does not tell why. Perhaps that is what he is asking himself. The fighting between church and state in France makes us congratulate ourselves that America has solved at least one question just about right. The coal miners' strike is well timed to stop the regular spring reduction >n prices which annually puts our coal barons within sight of the poorhouse. All the colonels in Kentucky having been "cured" or not wishing to have their thirst tampered with, a liquor cure in Louisville has gone into volun tary bankruptcy. Ex-President Cleveland pleads with the doctors to tell us what is the mat ter with us. If the doctor doesn't know, a good, round mouth-filling Latin derivative is often a great com fort. Manhattan. ,\ev.. is a new town that is being made "while you wait," but it costs you about <5 a minute to wait. Surface scratches have uncovered rich gold ore and people are rushing in in bunches. A Mr. Sugita. the son of a wealthy coal merchant of Tokio. has just sat down in a chair of Japanese at Notre Dame universi'y. There is a chair f Headquarters for Pine Diamonds And all Kinds of Jewelry-Watch Repairing THE MARTIN JEWELRY COMPANY _ _ A JESSIE H MARTIN. Graduate Optician, 125 Main Street Eya Tested Fr— Glanea Fitted Chinese at Harvard if it has not bem sold to an old furniture man. Though strongly opposed to divorce in spite of its prevalence, American public opinion will sympathize some what in the Countess de Castellane's attempts to escape from the little hu man Simian to which she is legally at tached. Notwithstanding the boycott of American managers on Shakespeare people are paying extravagant prices for early editions of his works. A Bos ton man recently gave up the price of a farm for the first four folios, in which the spelling and punctuation are simply rotten. The Statesman is under obligations to Senator Ankeny for the daily Con gressional Record. The senator of course did not expect the editor of Ths Statesman to commit suicide by at tempting to read the complete record, but it was his evident intention to have us take it in small doses for ready reference. East Alder street started the boom for paved streets in the residence dis tricts and from present indications it will not stop until every thoroughfare in the city is paved. About 70 blocks of new pavement are now decided upon and new assessment districts are be ing petitioned for at every meeting of the council. Too bad our street car system could not be completed before all this new pavement is laid. 1915 —The 'senator from New York, Mr. Roosevelt, took the floor and made a' five hours' constitutional argument against executive usurpation of sena torial privilege. The senator from Nebraska, Mr. Bryan, gave notice that he would on the morrow submit some observations upon efficiency of ihe gold standard in peace and war; the senator from Missouri, Mr. Polk, in formed his colleagues that he pro posed at an early day to introduce a bill reducing the tax on presidential booms to 4 per cent. The senate then adjourned. WHERE THE GOLD COMES FROM. The reports of the director of the United States mints show a gain of 50 per cent in the gold output of Alaska in 1905 over 1904. The total is offi cially stated at $14,650,000. This was in a year, too, when the Nome district suffered from lack of water and an unusually short season. The new Fair banks district produced more than half of this entire output. With fa vorable conditions for 1906 Alaska ought to be a good second among the gold producing regions belonging to the United States. The chief gold pro duction in our territory now comes from Colorado, which yielded in 1905, $20,500,000. with California second. Hor product was $17,520,000. It is reason able to expect from the present out look that within the next ten years Alaska will be producing more goid than either Colorado or California. The time will come, we believe, when it will produce more than both of them annually. A BURST OF HIGH FINANCE. The remarkable deal by which the National City bank became the owner of the old custom house in Wall streot is being subjected to scrutiny by Comptroller Metz of the city of New York. Six years ago the secretary of the treasury, Lyman J- Gage, sold the property to the National City bank for $3,265,000. No money was paid as the United States had a deposit with the bank. The treasury was notified that it had been credited with $3,215,000, leaving a balance of $50,000 unpaid. This balance has never been paid and because it has not the bank claims that it has never taken title and hence cannot be assessed for taxation upon the property. Meanwhile the govern ment has regularly paid the bank $130,000 a year rent for office room in the building, although the government g«ts no interest on its deposit. Congress has tried to investigate this deal and failed because the house or ganization would not permit. Nnvv the city of New York has interested Itself and is propounding the ques tions: "If the building still belongs to the United States why does the gov ernment pay the bank rent for its us '? If it belongs to the bank why does not the bank list it for purposes of taxa tion?" The National City bank is a Rock efeller institution. It is one of the biggest banks in the country. It pays its stockholders good dividends and there is no reason why it should not if it transacts all its business as shrewd ly as it has twisted this deal whereby THE EVENING STATESMAN, WALLA WALLA, WASHINGTON. it gathers in ten years $1,300,000 '.n rents upon property it does not own or evades taxes of $500,000 upon prop erty which it does own. This must be one of those outcrop pings of high finance which make the commbn people go out to the shed looking for an ax. PUBLIC SERVICE CORPORATIONS. The undoubted development of a de mand for the trial of public owner ship of public monopolies has its root in the flagrant defiance of moral and statute law on the part of the mana gers and owners of great corporations and in the apparent helplessness cf governments' national, state and local, to frame laws and ordinances which will keep these men within decent bounds. The agitation for the delivery to the interstate commerce commission of the power to fix rates is traceable to the persistent refusal and neglect of the railroads to fix and observe such rates themselves though the duty to do so is established since civilized society was capable of delegating any part of its powers to be exercised by private in dividuals. The demand for public ownership of street railways, gas companies and waterworks in cities is a direct result of the failure of private corporations having grants from the public to keep their place, to give good service for a fair remuneration and keep their hands off the governments through which they exist. They have preferred to buy councils and bribe legislatures until they have made the very name of a public service corporation hateful to the general ear. Confronted with the fact that the public is aroused, indignant, revenge ful, they try to lead the discussion back into the paths of equity whence they themselves departed without provoca tion and without right. Their appeal falls on deaf ears in those communi ties which have suffered the longest by their exactions, their bribings and their corruption. The demand for municipal owner ship is cadsed not so much by the merits of public ownership as by the abuses of private ownership. It .s only where these abuses have become so intolerable as to be no longer borne that public anger has traversed busi ness judgment in its demand for rs lief. The time has come when the magnates who have bestridden our American cities like a Colossus should see that their contempt of public rights and their defiance of public indigna tion will lead to serious consequences if there is not an immediate amend ment of both their manners and their methods. WHAT HYGIENE HAS DONE. How far modern hygienic rules and regulations have served to prolong the period of human life is being debated earnestly between those who oppose many of the rules which are now pre scribed for the conduct of individuals. Those whose business is interfered with and others whose personal free dom is restrained pooh pooh hy giene as a fad. It is a particularly bitter dose to school janitors, milk men and butchers who see in it nothing but a silly interference with personal rights. They claim, and with a show of reason, that people lived before these fads took possession of the world and they will probably live without them. Then why all this bother about antiseptic washing of school buildings and sweeping them without raising dust? Why this non sense about milk can stoppers and diseased meat? That more than 2,000,000 infants have been killed in a year by impure milk is the de claration made by Professor H. W. Wiley, chief of the chemistry bureau of the department of agriculture. William E. Curtis has gone to the head of the Carnegie Institute, Dr. Woodward, and he has said that V.e believes modern hygiene has pro longed human life by perhaps ten years. He admits and deplores the absence of accurate statistics on the subject. He thinks the states should have uniform laws for the reports of births and deaths, diseases, etc. At present statistics are limited almost entirely to municipalities. William A. King, chief of the division of vital statistics in the census office, made the same confession, as to the crying need of reports. He claimed, however, that the meagre reports obtainable demonstrated a gerat reduction in the death rate in the United States up to the age of 55 years. Above the age of 55 there has been an increase. This appears geratest in deaths from hea-t disease, apoplexy and ailments of the kidneys and liver; in cancer and other diseases incident to high living and high tension—in a word in diseases beyond the control of official authority. A general complaint is made that the United States is far behind the rest of the modern world in the en forcement of sanitary regulation*; particularly in the rural parts of the country, where it is practically im possible to secure enforcement. MANY FENCE POSTS USED Material For Them Is Becoming Scarcer Every Year. FORESTRY SERVICE NOTES FALLING OFF In Middle West, Where Trees Are Very Scarce, It Will Pay to Grow a Good Supply. The difficulty of obtaining fence posts at reasonable prices has given an im petus scarcely realized to forest plam ing in the Middle West. Newspapers, farmers, institutes, women's clubs, and boards of trade throughout the region are pointing out the need of such ma terial and dwelling on the profit realiz ed by a few men who planted trees years ago and whose plantations have been successful. The local supply of all forest products is insignificant, and timber, if not grown, at home, must be imported. With the contiuous retreat of the sources of supply under the at tack of a vigorous demand, the length of the haul increases and the cost of transportation rises higher and highor. Yet the fields and pastures must *>e fenced. The posts must be had. The annual production of fence posts in the regular logging camps of the country, as reported by the last census, is 8,715,661. How many times greater than this is the annual cut from thi home wood lot no figures exist to show: but by taking the total number of the farms and their acreage and making a conservative allowance for posts for the fence inclosing each farm, it has been estimated that upwards of 1.- 000,000,000 posts are set each year. Such figures are too vast to mean anything. Even the nine million posts of the census, a mere drop in the bucket compared with the unreported pro duction, would, if set 15 feet apart, girdle the earth, or would build a solid pile 55 feet wide, 40 feet high, and :i mile long. Durabilty and at least moderate strength are the desirable qualities for fence posts. The use of species which are not durable Is expensive, both on account of the more frequent removal which is necesSary and because repair ing is constantly called for. Timber of the required quality is produced in the Middle West by hardy catalpa, black locust and Osage orange. Catalpa makes an excellent growth on deep, porous, fertile soil, but only on such soil. Five or six inch poets should be ready to cut in about ten years. In regions immune from the locust border. Black locust will yield satisfactory re- COULD NOT BEST NIGHTJR W With Irritating Skin Humor—Whole Body Affected—Scalp Itched All the Time and Hair Began to Fall Out—Wonderful Result From APPLICATION OF CUTICURA REMEDIES "I am never without Cuticura Soap and Cuticura Ointment since I tried them last summer. About the latter part of July my whole body began to itch. I did not take much notice of it at first, but it began to get worse all the time, and then I began to get uneasy and tried all kinds of baths and other remedies that were recommended for skin humors; but I became worse all the time. My hair began to fall out and my scalp itched all the time. Espe cially at night, just as soon as I would get in bed and get warm, my whole body would begin to itch and my finger nails would keep it irritated, and it was not long before I could not rest night or day. A friend asked me to try the Cuticura Remedies, and I did, and the first appli cation helped me wonderfully. For about four weeks I would take a hot bath every night and then apply the Cuticura Ointment to my whole body; and I kept getting better, and by the time I used four boxes of Cuticura I was entirely cured, and my hair stopped falling out, but I continue to use the Cuticura on my scalp. It keeps all dan druff out and scalp is always clean. I always use Cuticura Ointment on my face after shaving, and have found nothing to equal it. I will never be without it." D.E.Blankenship, 319 N.Del. St., Oct. 27, 1905. Indianapolis, Ind. Iran to mi mothers u l have used Cuticura Ointment for chafing of infants, and as they grew older all skin diseases were given treat ment with that and the Cuticura Soap. I never found it necessary to call a doc tor, as these Remedies are a sure cure, if used as directed. lam glad to recom mend them to all mothers." Sincerely Jours, Mrs. F. A. Kennard, une 21, 1905. St. Paul Park, Minn. Cuticura Soap, Ointment, and Pills are (old throughout the world. Potter Drug k Chem. Corp., Sole Props.. Boaton. VIUM An, "How to Care for the Skin.'' turns from soil in which catalpa wou'il fail, and for this reason it is adapted to a wide area where the rainfall 's light. Under ordinary conditions, lo cust should produce fence material in fifteen years. Osage orange also is not exacting in its soil requirements. It is being ex tensively planted for hedges and wind breaks from which a considerable yield makes satisfactory growth on dry soils and reaches post size in from fifteen to twenty years. Several other species such as white willow, European larch, Russian mul berry, and red cedar, are also being grown with good results, but none of them is better fitted to supply fence posts than those first named. The Forest Service fully recognizes the importance of fence posts in farm economy and the great demand for the suitable timber. Studies of the growth and durability of various species have been made, and the limits of the com mercial planting range of each has been more closely defined. Rapid growing species which are not durable have been studied to determine some form of preservative treatment which will increase their durability. Further work along this line will undoubtedly add largely to the list of species which can furnish the desired product. WHEAT MARKET CONTINUES QUIET HOLDERS SEEM SATISFIED TO WAIT FOR SOMETHING TO TURN UP. The position of the wheat market continues one of decided quiet. There is not much holdings and holders are apparently well satisfied to awajt de velopments, but the advancing season does not appear to lend encouragement to the belief that any marked improve ment is to be anticipated irv the im mediate future, says the West Coast Trade. Europe is buying sparingly but there is some encouragement in the fact that the crop in the southern hemisphere has not yet been influential in producing any marked reactions, and there are good prospects that the re maining surplus will be wanted abroad at about the present basis of value. With the quieting down in export busi ness there is nothing of consequence to animate the situation. None of the mills want any wheat for the present at least, having supplies more than commensurate with the call for their product, and California is apparently well stocked up for immediate require ments. Cargoes Almost Nil. For almost the first time since the season opened the local cargo exports were nil for the week, though a sm»ll parcel went to the west coast, aggre gating 7,500 bushels. Receipts have also fallen to the minimum, amount ing to 125 cars, or 137,500 bushels. The total inspected at this point for Jan uary was 951 cars, or 7,077,483 bushes, bringing the aggregate for the season to date to 9,803,844 bushels. Up io February 1 there has been inspected at Tacoma and Seattle since September 1 14,894,408 bushels of wheat from this season's crop, with 750,000 bushels at Spokane. The crop outlook continues, favor able, so far as the Pacific Northwest is concerned, and while nothing can be determined as regards the outrun before spring sowing has been com pleted, it is expected that the stand will come through the winted in good condition. Local prices for wheat are un changed at 73c for bluestem and 71c for club. Socialists Preparing for Campaign. DAENPORT, Feb. 9.—A mass con vention of the Socialists of this city will be held at Claus Groth Hall this evening for the purpose of organizing a party, adopting a platform and nomi nating candidates for the coming spring campaign. The platform, which has already been prepared by a committee and will be submitted at the convention this evening, embodies the principal features of the Socialist's doctrine, it is intended to put a full ticket in the field. Gen. Woods Succeeds Corbin. HONG KONG. Feg. 7— Major Gen eral Corbin sailed today for San Fran cisco on the Pacific Mail steamer Korea. He has been relieved in the command of the military division of the Philippines by Major General Leonard Wood on February 1, and will return home as fast as the steamer can carry him. Neil and Tenny Matched. SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 9.—Articles for a twenty round contest were signed last night by Frankie Neil, the Ameri can bantam weight champion and Hai - ry Tenny. The weight stipulated ta 12V) pounds ringside. The fight will take place in this city on February 27. KEYLOR GRAND Jno. S. Catron, Manager SATURDAY, FEB, 10,06 THE PLAY THAT WONT WEAR OUT W. E. NANKEVILLPS PICTURESQUE MELODRAMA A RECORD BREAKING PLAY PATHETIC rl I I |\/| A N MA6NIFI DRAMA OF I I U I Winil CENTLY REAL UFE STAGED AMONG THE I I I" 1 HTA AND ARKANSAS Uk Alf I \ COMPLETE HILLS I I Lfll II O PRODUCTION A COMPANY ABOVE THE AVERAGE UNIVERSALLY ENDORSED BY THE PRESS Sale of Seats Begins Friday. Morning 10:00 a. m. Prices: 25c. 50c, 75c and fl.oO KEYLOR GRAND Jno- 33. Catron, Manager MONDAY, FEBRU'Y 12 Engagement of the Distinguished Actor Mr.C.B.Hanford Accompanied by MISS MARIE DROF!VAH In An Elaborate Presentation of the Dramatic Masterpiece "OTHELLO" A Complete Scenic Production Beautiffully Costumed and A NOTABLE CAST OF PLAYERS INCLUDING Mr. Hanford as "Othello" Mr. Hennig as "Tago" Miss Drofnah as "Desdemonia" Prices: Parquet, $1.50; First Six Rows in Balcony, 51.00; Balance to 50c. Gallery 25c Carriages 10:45 P. M. Curtain Rises 8: 15 J KEYLOR GRANTS JOHN B. CATRON. MANAGER jL^T NOT | Wednesday w a 14 GUARANTEED JgaJBL ATTRAC f ION fj& TONW TONSON Prices: 25-50-75 c Seats on Sale TUESDAY 10 A..M. 1 £k for Nurs ' n 9 Holers 1 / I There's scarcely a beverage as / A f=J|[j J Palatable, nutritious, productive I *""- J 0f a generous supply of milk for I j/ lPp^^/^JhW// infants, and at th e same time f / p Perfectly safe for the mother, as >- htahl beer taken at Judicious In- STAHLK 9 ™" I 1 Tel. Main 22 Subscribe for the Statesmai FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 1906.