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The EVENING STATESMAN Entered at the Postoffice at Walla iValla. Washington, as second-class matter. The Complete Telegraph News Service printed in these columns is furnished by THE UNITED PRESS. The Evening Statesman's motto: "Greater Walla Walla. The Weather FAIR WEATHER FORECAST. Walla Walla and vicinity: Fair to night and Wednesday. Washington: Showers tonight or Wednesday west portion, fair tonight and Wednesday east portion. Weather Conditions.,. Unsettled weather conditions yester day over the Pacific northwest caused rain or snow in that section and the precipitation area extended southeast ward over Nevada and Utah. The barometer has risen considerably on the North Pacific coast and the highest pressure overlying the Sound country. East of the Mississippi general rain prevails due to a storm of consider able severity which is now central in Illinois. It is cooler this morning in the Pacific northwest and much warm er over the eastern half of the country. The indications are for fair weather in this vicinity tonight and Wednesday without much change in temperature. JOHN GROVER. Observer. THE RECALL IN LOS ANGELES. The mayor of Los Angeles, Cal., is not of the old Roman type who would sacrifice his own flesh and blood to obey the law, but he has just done a thing which holds out' to him a gloomy prospect of sacrificing him self. The act is robbed of all appear ance of heroism by the fact that it was done under compulsion. Under what is called the law of recall, which lx»s Angeles is now working under, whenever an order is made by the council for an election of an officter to displace one already in commission, the mayor is compelled to sign the order. There is no veto power lodged anywhere to interpose between t"he people, who have forced the council to act, and the man they are after. This time it is the mayor himself they are after, but the mayor can make no ex ception in his own case. He has just signer an order for an election on March 28 to determine whether he shall keep the office he now holds or whether another man shall have it. The candidate on whom the ele ments opposing the present adminis tration have centered is an old war veteran, long a resident of the city, and with many elements of popularity. It' is possible to see how such a candi date could be elected without a major ity of the citizens of Los Angeles be ing convinced that the present head of the city government is deserving of public condemnation and unworthy of further public confidence. This possi bility may be a weakness of the plan of recall. The theory is that the people, at all such elections, will vote squarely on the issue claimed to have been raised in inefficient or dishonest ad ministration of an office. Very prob ably, the majority of voters will, in all such cases, be influenced by the paramount question, but' not all of them will be so influenced, and it will often be found possible for the person al e /uation to turn the scale against an incumbent, who. on the bare ques tion of his record, would be sustained by a majority of voters. The is«ue in Los Angeles which has forc»d the recall of the mayor back hefrre the people t'o make an account ing of his official stewardship, appears to be mainly a moral one in its nature. Ihe moral wave which has been pull ing up race tracks and nailing down lids everywhere else lately hit the descendants of the Argonauts, and the tei" erfeet who have gone out after lh"m, until now racing is nearly as tfead in California as it' is in New York or St. Louis, and the people have commenced setting their house in or der as to everything else. The poli ticians there, as here and everywhere, vho were potent flgt'res when they were without organized opposition, have failed to understand the meaning and power of the new n / vement 1 , and it it their shortsighted excises which have forced the recall election for mayor which is to take plaae in Los Angeles in the latter part of the pres ent month. Their efforts t'o control the council against the election order were unavailing. The entire country will be interested in the result. THE POWER OF WATER. Those who look into the future with prophetic eyes predict that an age of water-power is dawning. They point wisely towards the great water-power developments already completed or in course of construction all over the world, from the rivers of Maine to the canyons of California, from Alaska to Argentine and from the Kashmir val ley in India to t*he outlet of Victoria Nvanza in Africa. And they back up their arguments with the statement that coal will be exhausted early in the next century and that mineral oil and natural gas will vanish with the coal. Amid all this prognosticating and arguing arises a host of questions about this water-power which is to keep us from freezing in the next cen tury, to turn the wheels of our indus tries, to prepare the food and to run our vehicles. Every stream of running water, from the trout' brook sporting through the farm meadows to the largest riv ers, is capable of producing more or less power A hundred years ago, when steam-power was still in its infancy, water-power was quite extensively developed in this country but the steam engine, with cheap wood and coal fuel, quickly reached the practi cal stage and t'he old "over-shot" ana "under-shot" water-wheels were abandoned. Up to a few years ago it was not practical to develop most water-power because this power had to be utilized on the spot' and very naturally the very best water falls weee located in the wilderness, scores of miles away from the seaports, the railroads and the cities which needed it. But the invention of the electric transformer changed all this and made it possible to transmit this energy for hundreds of miles without serious loss. The power of water is greater than any one without experience can imagine. For many of us have, when in swimming, struck the water a sharp blow with the flat of the hand, or when learning to dive, struck the water flat instead of head first only to learn that the liquid offered consider able resistance. A stream from a fireman's hose will knock a man down. The jet from a nozzle in placer mining in the west eats away a large piece of land in a day and toys with great boulders as if they were pebbles. There is a story of an eastern black smith who went west and made a bet that he could knock a hole through the jot of one of these nozzles with a sledge hammer. He lifted his arms, swung the sledge and came down on the ten-inch stream wit*h a force that would have dented an anvil. But the jet, never penetrated, whisked the massive hammer out of the black smith's hands and tossed it several hundred feet' away into the debris of gold bearing gravel beneath a crumbling cliff. What the development of the com ing decade will be, is hard to predict, when one looks back over the wonder ful inventions of the past ten years. Rut one thing is sure, water will play a much larger part in civilization, through its electric aid, than it ever has before in the history of the world. It is not too much to predict that every traveler will go by water's power, every mill of importance will be turned by means of water, and near ly all the lights will be furnished from wat'er power plants. INAUGURATION DAY. It is proposed to change the date for the presidential inauguration. A con stitutional amendment has been intro duced in the senate by Depew, desig nating the last Wednesday in April, 1913, as the date for expiration of the 62d congress and inauguration of the next president. The purpose is to avoid the unfortunate weather condi tions and suffering that attended the recent inauguration ceremonies, says the Oregon Journal. Up to last Sat urday 50,000 of the 250,000 that went to Washington for the inaugural were still at the capital, unable on account of the interrupted train service to get out of the city. They were largely without accommodations and were hud dled together on doorsteps and endeav oring in various ways to shelter them selves from the cold and storm. The pomp and pageantry of an in auguration is largely the manifesta tion of devotion to country. It is pm phasis of our national life and of the new form of government that has been constituted in these United States. The THE EVENING STATESMAN, WALLA WALLA, WASHINGT ON. president is the embodiment of rule by the people as contrasted with rule by divine right that was once the uni versal and only source of administra tive power. The inauguration i& em phasis of our method, and it is on* of the few events In our national life when we have opportunity to cele brate our triumph as a people ov6r the ancient forms. It would be fitting for the event to be fixed at & time when the occasion would be unhampered by the dreadful weather conditions prev alent at Washington last Thursday. The character of the chosen executive his relation to the idea of self-govern ment, the desire of the people to dwell for the moment 1h the spirit of our institutions, all these considerations suggest the advisability of a change, j FISHERY REPORT IS NEARLY READY PRESIDENT DAVID STARR JOR DAN SAYS IT WILL BE DONE IN JUNE. Problem on Columbia River a Bad One —Says Washington and Oregon Ar« Greedy. SAN FRANCISCO, March 9.—Presi dent David Starr Jordan, of Stanford university, announces 1 that' the full re port on the fisheries industry in the United States will probably be made to President Taft early in June. Dr. Jordan is the representative of the United States on the International Fisheries commission. In his report he will assert that the rapid destruc tion of fish under the present regula tions threaten the destruction of the industry. He will advocate the for mation of an Interstate Fisheries com mission, with authority similar to that granted to the Interstate Commerce commission for the regulation of rail road rates. Among the important sug gestions contained in Dr. Jordna's re port to President Taft will be the fol- lowing: "The problems of the Columbia, with its magnificent fisheries at the mercy of the inadequate, greedy and variant states of Oregon, Washington and Idaho, is far more difficult and more hopeless than that of the Frazer river and Puget sound. In each state fishermen try to take all they can get, and the two legislatures can never agree on joint action of any kind ade quate for the protection of the species. This has gone from bad to worse, un til the Columbia fisheries are but a of what they were in 1880. "At the present time, under the referendum laws of Oregon, all fishing above tidewater is forbidden in Ore- gon, and all gill fishing by night be low the tidewater limit is also pro hibited. This practically closes all fishing on the Oregon side, while on the Washington side and up the river in Idaho there is no limit of any kind. These statutes may be set aside by the courts —one or both of them —but meanwhile very few fishes reach the spawning grounds, and the fisheries four years hence will amount to noth ing. "The fisheries in the other boundary rivers, the Mississippi, the Ohio and the Potomac, are all in a similar bad way. For this there is no remedy ex cept for the United States to take con trol of all migratory animals of com mercial value and to control and legis late for the interstate fisheries, as it does for the interstate commerce. Mat ters of importance, which no particular state can manage, must be taken in hand by the United States. Problems which seesawing legislatures find in soluable are easy enough to a national commission. In this case the ma chinery for investigation and control (and all control must be based upon scientific investigation) already ex ists in the United States Bureau of Fisheries." Lord Granard On Titles. The earl of Granard, at one of the dinners in honor of his betVothal to Miss Ogden Mills, said of titles: "Most titles have queer origins— quite as queer, really, as that of the Carolina colonels. "A traveler met on the highway a gentlemen who introduced himself as Col. Jackson Carter, of Hog creek. " 'Were you a colonel in the south ern army?" asked the tVaveler. " 'No, sah,' was the reply. "'Union side, eh?' "No, sah,' returned Col. Carter. 'I was nevah in no wah, sah.' " "Oh, I see. You are a colonel of the volunteers?' " 'No. sah, nothin* o' the kyind, sah,' said Col. Carter. " 'Governor's staff, perhaps?' "No,' said the otner. He smiled com placently. 'I am a colonel by marriage, sah." he explained. "'A colonel by marriage?' repeated the traveler. "What the deuce is that?* "'I married a colonel's widow, sah— Col. Carroll, of Asherville Manor.'" BUREAU OF CENSUS REPORTS MORTALITY Consumption Death Rate Shows Decreased Percentage. The bureau of census has just pub lished its eighth annual report on mor tality statistics, which presents the figures for the calendar year 1907, to gether with comparative data for the years 1903 to 1906 inclusive. The statistics given in the report do not cover the entire country, but only that' portion of the United States that is known as the "registration area." This area includes the states in which the laws requiring the registration of deaths have been accepted as giving practically complete mortality returns, and those Cities in nonregistration states in which satisfactory returns are Squired by the local authorities. The registration area in 1907 included 15 states, the District of Columbia, and 76 other cities. The 15 registration states were California, Colorado, Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Mary land, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, and Vermont. The aggregate population of the re gistration area for the calendar year I*o7 Is estimated at 41,758,037, or 48.-( 8 per cent of total estimated popula tion of continental United States for that year. The statistics for 1908 will cover two new registration states, Washington and Wisconsin, and as a result of this addition the registration area will, ac cording to the estimates, include for the first time a majority (51.6 per cent) of the total population. It is hoped that for 1909 the area will be still further increased. The reg istration law of Ohio was put into op eration in December, 1908, and the re turns already received by the state of fice are So satisfactory that it is prob able that Ohio will be included in the registration area for 1909. Effort s being made to secure satisfactory legislation with regard to registration of deaths in other states during the sessions of their legislatures. Causes of Death. The following causes were responsi ble for at least 20 deaths per 100.000 of population during the year 1907: Cause of Death. 1906. 1907. Pneumonia (including bron chopneumonia) 149.0 161.2 Tuberculosis or lungs . .t.. 159.4 158.9 Heart disease >••».. 130.7 141.7 Violence 120.9 125.8 Diorrhea and enteritis... .122.9 116.7 Nephritis and Bright's dis ease 99.8 105.5 Apoplexy ... 71.8 75.4 Cancer 70.8 73.1 Premature birth 34.8 36.5 Congenital debility 34.2 33 8 Old age 34.3 32.7 Bronchitis 30.3 30.3 Typhoid fever 32.1 30.3 Meningitis -i- • 25.6 26.6 Diphtheria and croup 26.3 24.3 Influenza 10.5 24.1 There were decreases in the rates of six out of the 16 onuses listed, the six being diorrhea and enteritis, diph theria and croup, typhoid fever, old age, tuberculosis of lungs, and con genital debility. The increases in the rates for influenza, pneumonia and heart disease were decided. Of all the deaths in the registration area in 1907, 11.2 per cent were caused by the various forms of tuberculosis; 9.8 per cent', by pneumonia (all forms); 8.6 per cent, by heart disease; 7.6 per cent, by violence; and 7.1 per cent, hy diarrhea and entertis. Deaths by Sex and Age. Of those dying within the registra tion area during the year 1907, 375,990 were males and 311,044 females. Over one-fourth (183,774, or 26.8 per cent) of the deaths were of children under five years of age. Nearly one fifth (1*31,110, or 19.1 per cent) of the total number of deaths were of infants urrder one year of age; it is gratifying, however, to know that the proportion of deaths at this early age period of life was less in 1907 than in 1906. For youth and early manhood and wom anhood (15 to 29 years of age) nearly one-third (32.2 per cent) of all the deaths were due to tuberculosis in some of its forms, and about one sixth (16.8 per cent) were the result' of violence. For mature manhood and womanhood (30 to 44 years of age) these two causes were most fat'al, al though the proportions of deaths were somewhat lower, being 25.6 per cent for tuberculosis and 13.1 per cent for violence. For the period from 45 to 59 years heart disease outranked every other cause of death, being responsi ble for one-eighth (12.5 per cent) of t*he deaths, while tuberculosis ranked second, with 12.1 per cent. Tuberculosis. The total number of deaths reported from all forms of tuberculosis for the year 1907 was 76,650, an increase of 1.138 over the number reported for 1906. When allowance is made for the increase in population, however, the death rate declined slightly, falling from 184.2 per 100,000 in 1906 to 183.6 in 1907. Nine of the 15 registration states had decreased rates in 1907 as com pared with 1906. The highest rates for 1907 were those of Colorado (289.4), California, (278.9), Rhode Island (209.9), and Maryland (200.2); while the lowest rates were for Michigan (103.5) and South Dakota (105.1). In California no less than 15 per cent of all deaths occurring during 1907 were from tuberculosis; in Colorado the proportion was even greater (16.4 per cent"). These states, however, are credited with more than their just proportions of deaths from tubercu losis, since many persons suffering from this disease go to these states in search of health, and when they die there their deaths are reported for these states rather than for the states from which they came. The high rate for Rhode Island probably is the re sult of the dense and largely urban population, while that for Maryland is causede by the large number of col ored Inhabitants, among which class tuberculosis is particularly prevalent and fatal. The 'large cities with highest rates were Denver, Colo. (486.6); New Or leans, La. (S82); Newark, N. J. (291.8); Washington, D. C. (280); Cincinnati, Ohio (266.8); Baltimore, Md. (263.2); and Jersey City, N. J. (261.5). The highest rates for cities with less than 100,000 inhabitants were for San An tfonio, Tex. (633.2) and Colorado Springs, Colo. (580.5). In the case of cities, as well as states, the health re sorts are credited with more than their due share of deaths from this disease. Tuberculosis of the lungs caused nearly nine-tenths of all of the deaths from tuberculosis in its various forms. The mortality of the Indians from tuberculosis is undoubtedly far high er than that of either the whites or the negros, although it is believed by careful investigators that the disease was entirely absent before Uie advent of the whites in America. The second appendix of this report contains a copy of the pamphlet pre pared for distribution at the Inter national Congress on Tuberculosis re cently held in Washington, as well as additional tables and diagrams show ing graphically various facts concern ing the mortality from tuberculosis. Violence. The total number of deaths from all forms of violence in the registra tion area during the year 1907 was 52,548, an increase of 2996 over the number for the previous year. The death rate rose from 120.9 per 100.000 of population for 1006 to 125.8 for 1907. Of the deaths from violence, 43 094 were accidental, 6.745 were suicides, and 2,709 were homicides. Deaths from railroad accidents and injuries num bered 7.676, and deaths from automo bile accidents 294. The death rate from suicide rose from 14.3 per 100,000 of population in 1906 to 16.2 in 1907. This apparent in crease may be due in part to more accurate returns in the latter year. Revision of Classification. With a view to securing uniform and comparable statistics of the causes of death for the world, the In ternational Clarification of Causes of Death was prepared in 1900. This classification has been adopted by all of the countries of North America and Australasia* by nearly all of those of South America, by Japan, by France, and a number of the other countries of Europe, and by several cities of Aus tria and Russia. In order to keep abreast of the progress of medical science, it was planned to revise the classification every ten years. The first revision would naturally come in 1910, but in deference to the wishes of the officials of the ceusus of the United States the international commission of revision will meet in Paris in 1909. This will enable the many countries taking- a census in 1910 t'o prepare mortality statistics that will be in accord with the advanced medical ideas. A RICH BANKER OF 73 WEDS HIS LAUNDRESS. M. C. Geltzelman "Shocks" Elgin, 111., Society by Making Washerwoman His Bride. ELGIN, 111., March 9. —M. C. Geltzel man, a prominent banker and one of the wealthiest citizens, married today Mrs. Hulda Dobler, his laundress and woman of all work. The bridegroom is 73 years old and is president of the Elgin National bank, the St!. Charles National bank and the Algonquin Na tional bank. The bride is 46 years old, and of attractive appearance. Special Sale AT The Chicago Store * This Morning, March 9, we place on Special Sale lAA Table Covers, Bureau Scarfs, IQ/, OUU Pillow Shams, etc. In this assortment will be found many pieces, values up to $1.25 each. Bo be on hand ealy this morning. Sale starts promptly at 9 o'clock. See Display in Second Street Window Many New Suits to show you today. Tours, anxious to please O. P. JAYCOX & CO. 10-12-14 Second. 8 Alder Price Rpgulatators for Walla Walla. REID tfc SOTS BASEBALL GOODS AND FISHING TACKLE "It's Guaranteed." 105 South First St. Phone 369 i The aged banker first met his bride IS years ago when her husband was a clerk in his employ. Several years la ter the husband died. Mrs. Geltzelman died a year ago. Before her death she had engaged Mrs. Dobler as laund ress. The ceremony took place at the residence of Mrs. C. J. Schmidt, a daughter of Geltzelman, who is said t'o have been the only one of his four children present. The bridal couple left today for a trip to Florida. On their return they will reside at the home of the banker. 3UESTS USES OPALS TO TIP BELLBOYS. Just Back From Mexico, pockets Are Filled With Gems, Edward Park Is Not Stingy. PHILADELPHIA, March 9.—His pockets bulging with $20,000 worth of opals, clinking audibly at every st'ep, a guest of the Bellevue-Stratford strode nervously about the corridors an<j lobby last night, followed closely by two house detectives. He was Ed gar Park, a banker of 30 Broad street, New York. He stopped over in this city on his way up from Mexico, where he has been engaged in obtaining pub lic service concessions from the. gov ernment and buying opals at bargain prices as a side venture. Not only did Mr. Peck walk abroafl with a fortune in gems about his son. but he put to shame the most spectacular performances in the tip ping case of even "Scotty." of Death Valley, by scattering the gleaming Crystals broadcast' as tips to waiters and bellboys, instead of the customary quarters and half dollars. AEROPLANES COULD DOCK ON ANY ROOF Rosy View of Future of Aerial Naviga- tion Is Taken by Prominent Shipbuilder. NEW YORK, March 9.—Lewis Nix-, ' on the well known shipbuilder, spoke : of the possibilities of aerial naviga tion in an address at the Richmond County Automobile club's annual dinner 1 last night. j 1 Aeroplanes in war, Mr. Nixon said, would be used for scouting, the drop- 1 ping of small bombs and the attack of large dirigibles. The field of the heli- ; copter probably would be largely on the warship, because of its inability to i rise without a start. j 1 Cities soon would have regular landing stations on the tops of houses, ( Mr. Nixon said, and already persons i were building docks where airships might alight safely. |' Just as a big ship anchored from TUESDAY, MARCH 9,1909 shore in deep water, so the airship would anchor high up in the air and be readied by special elevators held by cables fastened to shackles on the ground. Based upon observation and calcu lations made from results already ob tained and hence in no sense specula- tive, it was safe to predict, he said, that the airship would soon appear with a length of from 2,500 to 3,000 feet, which could easily go with 100 passengers from here to Europe and return within a week. CONTROL CHILDREN THROUGH HYPNOTISM New York Doctor Says Mothers Can Learn to Manage Unruly Off spring Easily. NEW YORK, March 9.—Dr. Eugenie R. Eliscu, a well known local physician will start a school next week to teach mothers to control their children by hypnotism when necessary and by peaceful suggestion at all times. Ac cording to her, parental influence will have a great part in the curriculum of her institution and by it mothers can determine just what profession the child will follow when it grows up. "I would hypnotize young men and women during their courtship and honeymoon," she declared, and I would make them think, read and see things that would develop the best that is in them, that their offspring might be better than they. "They should know long before they are married just what they expect their children to b£, and they must be in perfect accord on the subject. And they should not change their minds on the subject. "For instance, if they want to pro duce a girl sculptor, they must make up their minds to it and then they must awake to a realization that thei? own bodies are physically beautiful, something to admire and study. A young woman in the privacy of her bath can get more of the inspiration of a great sculptor than she can from gazing at a marble figure if she is of the sort to be intrusted with the re sponsibilities of motherhood. So let the world begin with the children that are yet unborn, and if we solve that part of the problem, it eaches mothers to control the children already on earth." TO CURE A COLD IN ONE. DAY Take LAXATIVE BROMO Quinine Tablets. Druggists refund if it fails to cure. E. W. GROVES signature is on each box. 25c. Wait for the cars at the Book Nook.