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MONDAY, APRIL 12,1909.
Ir * ranklin Motor Cars— D cal a alue for the money—you get what you pay for. A ears that cool. No anti-freezing solutions required. the tire cost lowest. expensive to maintain. In doubt—talk to a Franklin owner. othing like getting facts before you buy. than 7,000 Franklins in use today. (s ver 100 satisfied Franklin owners in our territory alone. The Franklin is the best for Washington roads. Only cars that have stood the test —winter and summer. easily—comfortably—no jolting nor jarring. Combine efficient high power with strength and light weight, Franklin can be used every day of the year—nothing to freeze Require no hose connections —glycerine—nor plumbing. Successful principles—successful constructions—successful cars. Inland Auto Company DISTRIBUTORS Only two days more of the Great Bankrupt sale of Millinery M————• Hats being soM at one-half Prcie. Mrs. M. A. Wolfe, in charge. PETERSON'S Style Shop Next to First National bank The Standard -of— QUALITY holds good all through our stock of Shoes and in recommending them to our customers we are sure of thorough satis faction and more busi ness later. N. SEIL 20 West Main Street Come and see .the new GLASSWARE at The Novelty Store 7 East Main. Phone 713 Mrs. J. C. Lindley & Son PAYNE BILL TO BE JAMMED THROUGH DESPITE FROTESTS FROM COM- MON PEOPLE THE COUNTRY OVER, MEASURE GOES Glove arid Hosiery Schedule Went Through House Without Separate Vote —Up to Senate. WASHINGTON, April 12.—(Special) —Apparently seeing no warning in a protest that is nation-wide, the repub lican leaders have decided to carry out their original intentions of jamming the Payne bill through congress with its most iniquitous features intact. Tem porary concessions to public opinion by allowing votes on oil and lumber and a few other articles in the house, will be offset in the senate liy the re-insert ing of schedules originally reported in the Payne bill. The program provided against a vote In the house on either glove or hosiery schedules. This meant that even though your representative in congress did not believe the government should levy additional heavy taxes on neces-i sities. he had no opportunity to vote.l A few men —less than half a dozen — have secretly decided, without having Consulted the representative of your particular district or without him knowing what they intended doing, that the duty on certain articles should be raised. These few men to all prac tical ends legislate for the entire house of representatives on gloves and hos iery and all other articles on which they will not allow the members to vote. The house leaders, for instance, ar ranged schedules which provide that on a pair of stockings costing 10 cents in Germany an 8 1-2 cent tax shall be levied at our ports. This schedule must go through with the bill, be cause the members cannot vote to change it. If the members of the house were given an opportunity to vote on the glove and hosiery schedules, it is con ceded even bv Mr. Cannon that the schedules providing for increased du ties would not be tolerated. That is wrhv the leaders will not permit a vote. A peculiar feature of the situation is that the 8 1-2 cent tax referred to will not come into the government cof fers. It will go exclusively to the big manufacturers for this reason. The 8 1-2 cent tax is prohibitive. Germany will not ship cheap gloves to the Unit ed States because it cannot afford to pav the heavy Ax. This will gi\< American manufacturers an opportun ity to have a monopoly on the classes of gloves and hosiery worn by the poor, and to boost the prices accordingly. The house leaders appeared to be willing to risk disaster at the coming congressional elections by holding out In favor of higher duties on gloves and hosiery, for the benefit of a few manu facturers. The man who will benefit most is Lucius N. Littauer, the big -•love manufacturer who aided Cannon 1 in his fight for the speakership. THE EVENING STATESMAN, WALLA Speaker Cannon and his friends seemed to have felt that the repub lican party is perfectly secure, and can not be dethroned no matter what position they take on legislation. The speaker and his friends have won out in so many fights, they are, in the words of Congressman Henry D. Rai ney of Illinois, "drunk with power." Not a few of the republican mem bers were opposed to advanced duties on necessities. - There is an element in the party that believes that for the sake of the republican party of the fu ture if for not other reason, the Payne bill should be altered in accordance with popular demand. They are amaz ed at .the length to which Cannon and his fellow leaders are willing to go to protect the profits of the special inter ests. This class of republicans unfor tunately are not strong enough to get any material benefits for the public. The party is dominated by a few men. They are caars in every sense of the word. They permit the average mem ber of congress to distribute the politi cal patronage in his district and secure occasional appropriations for a post office or other public building or enter prise in his home section. There the benefits end. The leaders deal with the big.legis lation as pleases them best. They do not consult the average member. There are a score of republican members' in the house of representatives that do not even have speaking acquaintances with the leaders. This situation is true of some of the new members and such leaders as Dalzell and Cannon. Wfhen legislation desired by the house leaders comes up for a vote any mem ber has the privilege of refusing to "come through" with his vote. He may do so at his peril. If he does as- Hert a spirit of independence and vote counter to the wishes of his lords and masters his usefulness to his district is at an end. Also, his days as a mem ber of the house are numbered. He will be immediately shut off from all the little "grafts" that might other wise come his way. He will encounter difficulty in having even a $10 a month pension bill passed for a needing and deserving G. A. R. constituent. Meas ures providing for appropriations for postdfflces or any other public : pM tution in his district will not te re ported from the appropriations com mittee, which is dominated by James A. Tawney of Minnesota and Walter I. Smith of lowa, both notorious tools of the speaker. When it comes time for committee assignments a "bolter" is more than likely to find himself in a berth on the committee on ventilation and accous tics, which meets once in every 10 or 15 years. Therefore a congressman must pos sess an unusually strong heart to run counter to the Cannon clique. Some times they "run out" for a while, but life is made so unpleasant for them that they are usually glad to return to the fold, which insures them a place at the public crib. The Statesman-tJnion classified ad vertising columns will find what you want. WOMEN MAKE VAIN PROTEST ON DUTY MORE INTERESTED IN PRESENI TARIFF REVISION THAN ANY FORMER BILL. Petitions Sent to Congress by One Mil lion Women Were Unheeded in House of Representatives. WASHINGTON", April 12.—The wo men of the nation have become more interested in the Phyne tariff bill than perhaps any other piece of legislation ever under consideration by congress The hosiery and glove schedules, to which over 1,000,000 women have pro tested by actually signing their names to petitions, interests them particularly They are also aroused to a high pitch of indignation at the prospect of pay ing higher prices for millinery. The tax on toilet articles is increased from 50 to 60 per cent, as the women will find out in a practical way soon after the measure is enacted into law. Wo men are interested in the price of gro ceries and in children's clothing, all of which will be more expensive when the Payne law gets around. Many of the largest republican news papers have denounced the increased duties on gloves and hosier?', while the democrats are putting up a fight for the women never before equalled. Petitions signed by the women are coming into Washington on every train. There is more than a mile of Women's signatures attached to these documents. The department stores of the larger cities of the country have placed peti tions in their stores which are daily be ing signed by thousands of shoppers. Five hundred thousand women signed petitions in Chicago in one week against the glove and hosiery para graphs of the Payne bill. Within a period of less than 10 days a similar record was made in New York city. From the villages too, are coming pro tests. It has taken some time for all the real significance of the Payne bill to be fully understood in all sections of the country. It is not believed here that the climax in public resentment has even yet been reached. One of the most criticised features j of the Payne bill is schedule K. in | which the heavy hand of the taxgath orer is chiefly raised against the wo men and children. The charge is made by men thoroughly acquainted with the Intricacies of the trade, that this part of the bill constitutes one of the most unreasonable series of advances in the whole measure. It may be worth while to set out graphically the comparative duties imposed by the Dingley bill and the Payne bill: Duty Per Dozen Fairs. Dingley Payne Cotton stocking, hose and half hose, valued at not to exceed $1 per doz pr. $ .50 $ .70 Same, valued at $1 to $1.5*) per dozen -60 .85 Same, valued at $1.50 to $2 per dozen .70 1.00 Same, valued' at $2 to $3 per dozen 1.20 1.50 Sairrne, valued at $3 to $5 per dozen pairs 1.50 2.00 An advance all along the line, it will be observed, but heaviest on the cheap er grades—the ones the poor must use. The claJs of stockings bought by the rich "valued at more than $5 per doz en pairs, are in both the Dingley law and Payne bill under a 55 per cent duty. That is, the socks of the poor man pay 85 per cent tax; those of the rich man —those illuminated ones with the open work effects —pay only 55 per cent tax. It is charged the hosiery manufac turers needed no more protection. In 1890 the United States imported from Germany $6,016,000 worth of hosiery and made $19,162,000 worth. The im ports were then a little over a third of the home product. In 1908 we im ported $6,545,000 worth of hosiery, and made $50,000,000 worth. The imports were a little over one-eighth the home product, which, it is being pointed out. is striking illustration of the fact that the American manufacturers are not being run out of business. Yet the American manufacturers of the New England district went before the wavs and means committee, com plained" that their present protection, which averaged 65 per cent, was not sufficient, demanded that they be given 2*o per cent more. They said they were on the verge of ruin; the Germans were [ driving them out of business in fche ! home markets. In contrast to this sit uation the figures show the American manufacturers are driving the G&rmans | out of our markets. The manufacturers also told the committee that hosiery mills in this country are generally closed down or working three or four days a week. The New England Dry Goods association declares that at the time that pathetic appeal was made the mills werv all running with full forces* BIOGRAPHICAL CALENDAR APRIL 1Z On this day. the year 1777, in Han over county, Virginia, Henry Clay, the famous orator and statesman, was born. John Clay, his father, was a Baptist clergyman. His mother was educated at the district school. After the death of the Rev. John Clay, his widow married Captain Henry Wat kins. of Richmond, Virginia, who is said to have been a good stepfather to the boy. At an early age young Henry became clerk in a retail store in Richmond. Later he secured a posi tion as copist in the office of the court of high chancery. Although a raw boned, awkward youth, pleasant but not handsome, and clothed in home spun, he soon gained the respect of his associates, for he was a very clever talker, and he devoted his hours of leisure- to study and reading. His good qualities attracted the attention of the chancellor of the court, who made him his amanuensis, and thus he was for 1 four years on intimate terms with his superior, who directed his readings advised him to grammatical studies, WASHINGT ON. and by his conversation shaped his thoughts arid principles. He determ ined to become a lawyer, and entered the office of the attorney-general of Virginia, where he remained one year before he obtained a license from the judge of the court of appeals to prac tice his profession. His parents moving to Kentucky, he followed and settled in Lexington, practicing law and becom ing a favorite with the best people. Such was his skill as a pleader that it was said that no murderer of whatever degree of guilt, who was defended by him, was ever sentenced to be hung. For a while he was attorney for the commonwealth. He married Lucreth*. Hart in April. 1789, and was subse quently blessed with eleven children. Becoming celebrated for his eloquence he grew active in politics. His popu larity was at first affected by his ad vocacy of the emancipation of slaves. | a policy which he stood by throughout his lifetime, but his active particlpa-> tion in the campaign against the alien and seditioß la\v s restored his popular ity and he was elected to the Ken tucky legislature in 1803. In 1806 he was appointed senator to fill an unex pired term and also again in 1809-10 under same circumstances. At the ex piration of his term he was elected congressman and was elected speaker by a large majority, though he was not prohibited from taking part in debates. He resigned from congress in 1813, to become member of the commission appointed by the president to negoti ate peace with Great Britain. He re turned to America and was elected to congress again, declining the posts of minister to Russia and secretary of war. He was returned to congress several times and served fourteen years as speaker, and not one of his decisions was ever reversed. He was elected speaker one year by a vote of 140 to 7. His eloquence made him a leader in all important debates and he was constantly before the public's eye. In 1829 he was for the presidency by a large majority, but was made secre tary of war by the president elected. In 1831 he was elected to the United States senate. He ran for the presi dency in 1833 and was defeated by Gen. Jackson. His tariff speeches at tracted much attention, he was a strong protectionist. His clash with Calhoun on the slavery question has trone into history. Clay was an abol itionist. Calhoun the ablest champion of slavery. He was defeated in his third race for the presidency in 1844. Such was his popularity that in his sixty-seventh year he was forced to offer his mansion for sale to meet cer tain financial obligations, money poured in upon him from anonymous donors more than sufficient to end his embarrassments. In 1848 he was again elected to the senate. He became an active advocate of the anti-slavery compromise and the Mason-Dixon line and declared against secession from the union. Shortly before his death, on June 29. 1852, Mr. Clay said: "If any one desire to know the leading para mount object of my public life, the preservation of the union will furnish him with the key." TO EXEMPLIFY THE DEVELOPMENT STAGES Two Parades and a March in Review Will Be Typical of Progress of the Northwest. SPOKANE, Wash., April 12.—Vari ous stages of development of the Pa cific northwest, from the entrance of Captains Meriweather Lewis and Wil liam Clark into what was then the Oregon country in 1805 to the pres ent day, will be exemplified by two parades of progress and a march in review by the industrial apd irrigation army in connection with the seven teenth sessions of the National Irriga tion.' congress in Spokane the secoi week in August. The feature of the opening of the congress will be the raising of 1.000 flags to the tops of as many 40-foot poles in the residential districts and the unfurling of thousands of flags and banners in the business sections the morning of August 9, when massed musicians, headed by the Third Regi ment United States Infantry band, will play patriotic airS. This will b« fol lowed with the rendition of the Irri gation Ode by a chorus of 1,000 train ed singers and the singing of state hymns by 2,500 school children. These open-air demonstrations are being ar ranged by the local board of control, headed by R. Insinger: ARugust 10, afternoon —Parade of progress, showing the transformation of the Northwset from semi-savagery to civilization, by a series of panoram ic floats and mounted men and march ers. August 11, evening—llluminated pa rade of progress, representing various periods from 1805 to 1909. August 12, afternoon —Parade and countermarch of the industrial and irri gation army, with 10,000 uniformed men in line. Marching clubs from the irrigated and dry-farming districts in Idaho, Oregon, Montana, Washington, Califor nia, Wyoming, Utah, North and South Dakota, Colorado. Nevada, Arizona, Kansas, Texas, Oklahoma and other states in the middle west, east and south and from the provinces of Bri tish Columbia, Alberta, Manitoba and Saskatchewan will participate in the parades. Thirteen Prisoners Arrive. Thirteen prisoners were received at the penitentiary on last Thursday and Friday, four on Thursday and nine on Friday. Owing to a ban ha\ing been put on publicity of prisoners, either arriving or leaving by Gover nor Hay, it was impossible to obtain any information from the officials at the local prison as to where they came from or the crimes they were charged with that sent them to prison. SUNDAY SCHOOLS TO BE GRADED Owing to Inability of Primary Pupilo to Grasp Hard Lessons, Will Make Gradations. Owing to the inability of the pri mary pupil to grasp the matter usually presented in the Sunday school, les sons of today a movement is on foot throughout the United States and is now receiving local attention, to adopt graded literature in all Sunday schools. The material chosen for this work contains truths from the bible and are illustrated by lessons from nature, from the history of missions, and from the temperance and other humane movements. The great purpose of the graded lessons is to meet the spiritual needs of the child in each stage of his development. The Twelfth International Sunday School convention held at Louisville, Ky.. June 20. 1908 .instructed the les son committee "to continue the pre paration of a thoroughly graded course of lessons, which may be used by any Sunday school which desires it, whether in whole or in part." The lesson committee had already been in correspondence with an important group of elejnentarv workers, whi» had begun the construction of a scheme of graded lessons. The results of their prolonged arid arduous work were put at the disposal of the leveon commit tee. thus placing the lesson committee and the Sunday school world under a great oblication. Graded unions and individual schools with well defined beerinners, primary and junior departments, should be roady to introduce the new series of graded lessons next October. A full copy of the same has been sent to each elementary superintendent, either by mail or through the general secretary. When interviewed on the above mat ter the superintendents of primary de partments of local Sunday schools were found in hearty accord with the movement and in some instances fn active campaign to have the matter thoroughly discussed and understood before the Inland Empire convention which meets here in the Central Christian church May 11 to 13, when the topic will receive due and deliber ate consideration. The Classified Columns will find what you want to buy or find a buyer for what you want to sell. Distinguished Guests PHILADELPHIA, April 12.—The an nual reception at the Academy of Mu sic today will be some distinguished guests. President Taft has been in vited, but his presence is not certain. Among the other guests of honor will be Secretary of State Philander C. Knox, Senators Penrose and Oliver, of Pennsylvania; Carter of Montana; former Senator Clark, of Montana; Justices of the United States Supreme Court McKenna and White: Judge Vic tor F. Dowling of the superior court of Xew York; Judge Lamorelle, of the Orphans' court, of this city; Governor Stuart and Mayor Reyburn. Senator McN"ichol will head a long 1909; *>y L. ADLER BROS. &-CO. We Have Your Easter Suit Ready For You We can fit you, we can please you, any quality, any price, from $12.50 to $30. Our guaranty with every Suit. Knox Hats FREE TO THE RUPTURED A N«w Horn* Cur* That Anyono Um Without Operation, Pain, Dongor or Loop of Tlmo= I have a new Method that caret nr and I want you to use it at my expense. lam not trying to anil you a Truss, but offer you a cur* that stays cured and ends all truss-wearing ana danger of strangulation forever. No matter whether you have a single, douL>e or navel rupture or one following an operation my Method «an absolute cure. No matter what your age nor how hard your work, my Method will certainly cure you. I especially want to Mod it free to those apparently hopeless cases where all forms of trusses, treatments and opera tions have failed. I want to show everyon* at my own expense, that my Method will eni. all rupture suffering and truss-wearing for all time. This means better health, increased physical ability and longer life. My free offer is too Important to neglect a single day. Write now and begin your cure at once. Send no money. Simply mau coupon below. Do it to-day. i I FREE COUPON I I Mark location of Rup- I f I ture on Diagram and if / I mail to ■ X / ft DR. W. S. RICE I I 107 Main St.,dams. VftttHT H IffT I Time 1 (I I Cause of Rupture Nam Address A Very Windy Day like yesterday, makes many peo ple feel concerned lest a fire should get out of control and consume a good portion of their property or valuable papers. I can help you to be safe so far as preserving valuable papers or your book accounts is concerned by furnishing you a Fire Proof Box or a Fire Proof Safe a c prices /rom $9 to as high a priced safe as you may need. Try me. A. ARTHUR RIGGS % 216 East Main Street Walla Walla, Washington list of members who will represent the list of members who will represent the Pennsylvania legislature at the func tion. The Knights of Columbus throughout the United States will be represented by Supreme Knight Ed ward L. Hearn, of New Haven, Conn. McKEANS Fourth and Main PAGE THREE. Florsheim Shoes