OCR Interpretation

The Colfax gazette. (Colfax, Wash.) 1893-1932, August 17, 1900, Image 6

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88085460/1900-08-17/ed-1/seq-6/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 6

l| on CANNING some timely advice II
L'lte warm Beason brings many dls
comforts to the energetic housewife 1,
but preserving is thai special one
which is "the trial" of the season. The
average man pities his wife when he
sirs her preparing for the tusk before
her, but however much sympathy he
may offer it h not the half that she
c 1 < ■ < i • 1" V c <.
Whni wonder that with overripe
fruit to combat, with a cross cook to
ii.(ldle Into good nature and the sultry
weather itself the wear and tear on
the nerves should make the best na
tnred woman a veritable tyrant for the
time being.
The man who proudly displays the
product of his garden arrayed in class
jars must not object if his wife prides
herself od the lines of clear jellies and
rich preserves and insists as the sea
son approaches on preserving the same
as her mother did before her, to the
discomfiture of the family because of a
day spent in the hot kitchen.
Many housekeepers do "take it easy'
with canning, doing a little at a time,
but for the woman who goes into it to
accomplish something this method of
canning would be insufferably slow
and very unsatisfactory. Several rea
sons present themselves for the justi
fication of the housewife who insists
on "making a day of it" when she does
begin, a very important reason being
that no s.xmer does the fruit set to the
point where it is plentiful and cheap
than its prime passes, and she who has
not taken advantage of the day regard
less of whether it is washing, ironing
or .leaning day lias missed her chance.
Another reason for such energy is
ihat it is economical to buy large quan
tities of fruit instead of a few quarts
at a time, and again there is something
in "getting through" with the work.
That canning has benefited by the
advances made in household science
must l)e acknowledged, and today the
work is far less laborious than it was
a dozen years ago. One of the recent
discoveries made is that fruits, such
as grapes, strawberries, peaches and
raspberries, do not require cooking at
all. Converting people to this new
fashioned way vt canning is a slow
process. Simply wash the fruit well
in plenty of cold water; then put it into
stone jars. Into two gallons of boiling
water dissolve an ounce of compound
extract of salix, allow the water to
cool, then pour it over the fruit so
that all Is covered. Those who have
tried this easy method of canning de
clare that it is the only correct one,
though to those who have not tried it
this method seems as though it could
never end otherwise than disastrously.
Whatever course is pursued there
are some few preparations which must
be made. One of the first steps is to
see that plenty of jars and glasses have
been prepared for the reception of the
fruit. All receptacles should be well
washed in scalding water and thor
oughly rinsed in fresh cold water to re
rtiovo any odor from previous use.
Old rubbers should never be used
in canning, for air is bound to get in.
With the result that the fruit soon
Covers should be carefully fitted and
especial care taken to see that the
edges do not bend up and away from
the class. Frequently old covers have
Best in town.
<*> i .™ per hundred.
Coal and Wood.
Colfax Hardware Bldg.
dents and nicks along the edges. Such
covers .should never be used where
there is Hie least danger of fermenta
tion. They will answer for jams and
jollies. .
In Oiling jars with hot preserves it is
necessary to first stand the jars into
a pan of cold water on the stove and
thou gradually bring the water to the
boiling point. The covers should also
be placed in boiling water before they
are screwed on to the jars. In the case
of jellies which are not boiling hot a
silver spoon placed in the jar will keep
it from cracking.
Porcelain lined kettles are the best
for preserving. Where these are not
conveniently had granite ware will an
swer, though the others are preferable
for the reason that with them there is
loss danger of scorching. Iron, brass,
copper or tin cooking utensils should
be avoided.
Daily experiments prove the fallacy
of the old recipes which invariably de
manded pound for pound of fruit and
tuigar. For canning the proportion of
sugar has been reduced, until now the
general rule is six ounces of sugar to a
pound of fruit. Of course this is for
fruits that are used for pies and like
dishes. Strawberries, blackberries,
cherries and grapes require only six
ounces of sugar. Quinces and rhubarb
need about ten ounces, and pineapple
requires live ounces or less, according
ly as you prefer it very sweet or only
medium sweet. Even in preserving
and jelly making old fashioned rules
call for more sugar than is really pal
atable, and the quantity is being re
duced every year.
Some persons still insist on first cook-
Ing fruits and then packing them in
jars. This method involves a great
deal of unnecessary labor and is no
better than the cold packing process.
To cold pack prepare the fruit as you
would for cooking and pack iuto the
jars, crowding it down as tightly as
possible. Fill the jars with cold water
and the necessary amount of sugar.
Screw on the tops. Have a wash boil
er or some kettle that will serve the
same purpose and loosely lit into it a
board having a number of perforations
in it. Stand the jars on the board, fill
the boiler with cold water so that the
tops of the jars are under cover, bring
gradually to a boil and keep boiling
15 to 40 minutes, according to the na
ture of the fruit, some requiring more
and others less cooking.
Fruit canned in this way will retain
its shape. While the jars are still hot
the covers should be twisted tightly
and again when the fruit Is cold. If
the rubbers and tops are in good con
dition, this sort of canning will keep
Indefinitely. Tomatoes intended for
soups and gravies need only to be
washed and cut into pieces and then
cold packed, but those which are to be
used without previously straining
should first be blanched, then canned
in the same way. Peaches are espe
cially line when cold packed.
Fruit for jellies should first be care
fully washed and then all the imper
fections removed. Fruits like apples
require a little water to stew in when
making jelly. Berries quickly supply
their own liquor when heated. Cook
until tender. Use a wooden spoon
■when mashing the fruit and then turn
It into a jelly bag.
The quickest way is to press the jelly
through the bag, though the clearest
jelly is made by allowing it to drip
through of itself. This requires about
24 hours. If the first method is fol
lowed, care must be taken not to press
any of the pulp through the bag to
cloud the jelly.
Measure the juice. For currant jelly
allow three-fourths of a pound of sug
ar to each pint of juice. The sugar
should be heated in the oven and then
added to the juice after it has been
boiling 20 minutes. After the sugar
has been added boil until it jellies.
Test by dropping a little on a cold sau
cer. When the jelly has been made
and poured into glasses, it should be
placed in the sun and allowed to re
main there a couple of days to dry. A
cover must be put over it to protect it.
from the dust. Some cooks place a
piece of paraffin on the jelly while it
Is still hot, which spreads out over the
top and hardens into a covering. The
same paraffin may be used repeatedly
season after season. Another way is to
cover with a piece of j>aper cut to fit
the glass, the paper wet with alcohol
and then sealed securely from the air.
Only very ripe fruit should be se
{ lected for marmalade. Fruits that
have cores should be cut into pieces.
Place in a kettle with just enough wa
ter to cover the bottom and stew until
tender. Put the fruit through a sieve
to remove the skins and pits, add the
sugar and boil fully half an hour lon
ger, stirring constantly. Just before
removing from the stove add any de
sired spices. When cold, marmalade
should be stiff enough to stand by it
The finest specimeus of all fruits
should lie canned or preserved. Those
which are not so good will answer for
marmalade, and the pits and parings
make line jelly.
Use only the best white sugar. Tut
the fruits into tumblers or small jars
and thus avoid disturbing a larger
quantity than is required.
Today's Etiquette of Introductions
In Places Large and Small.
The rules of etiquette require, like
Instrumental or vocal music, constant
practice to make one an fait. People
who drop out of society, having once
been Important members of it and as
familiar with all its usages as with
their A B C's, often grow rusty and
seek information about the proper
thing to do. While there is in truth
frery little change of vital importance,
5s the laws of etiquette have the test
of ages to render them stable, still new
conditions of life in certain countries
oblige the introduction of new forms,
nnd what is good form In a metropolV
tau city has no raison d'etre in a town
or village, and in the same manner
what is done in London in the best so
ciety may be reversed in Paris.
An interesting point to the majority
of men ami women bears upon intro
ductions of all kinds. The majority
depend upon them on all occasions.
At social functions ease of manner,
personal pleasure and individual ad
vantages are derived from them by the
chance of adding to one's list of ac
quaintances, of meeting pleasant or
notable people and of reaping a satis
faction born of vanity in having it
known they were honored or distin
guished by a few moments' speech
witli a celebrity at a particular house.
Present day introductions are with
out any formality at all compared to
the old regime obsorved through nearly
two-thirds of this century. To "have
the honor to present" is looked upon
as archaic. It is far more simple to
introduce Mrs. A to Mrs. B by saying,
"You know Mrs. A, do you not?" or "I
don't know whether you have met Mrs.
A before?" When one visitor is being
entertained and a second is announced
whom the hostess knows has no inter
est in her man or woman caller, the
proper thing to do is to make an indi
rect introduction, which consists in
mentioning incidentally during the con
versation just begun the name of the
person present, in order that he and
she, young girl and lad, may be put at
their ease and to permit them to join in
the conversation.
Another case is that of two residents
of the same city, but total strangers
to one another, calling at the same
house in immediate succession. No at
tempt, according to good form, should
be made on the part of the hostess to
introduce them unless she previously
knew the introduction would be agree
able. Smaller places would of course
modify the form to suit their sur
round in gs.
At very small house parties the house
visitors are introduced to callers, but
at large ones they are not. At large
dinner parties men are introduced to
those they are to take in to dinner.
Small dinners are more informal. Four
or six at table should all know each
Wan In the Business.
It was on a Seventh street car that a
well dressed man carried his hand to
his jaw now and then and uttered a
stifled groan. After a bit a fellow pas
senger had his curiosity aroused and
brusquely queried:
"I've been there and know all about
it. If she's holler and has the jumps,
it ain't no use fooling around. What
you want to do is to go to a dentist."
"Uin! Jerusha, but how it aches!"
"Go right to the dentist and have it
yanked out. Man with the toothache
always feels a little scared about hav
ing it yanked, but that's all imagina
tion, you know."
"I'd rather be shot!" groaned the suf
"Oh, pshaw! Go to some dentist
who gives laughing gas. He'll give you
gas and take the tooth out without
your knowing it. I pledge you my
word that it won't hurt any more than
paring off a finger nail."
"Urn! What a liar! G'way from
"Why, man, I pledge you my word
that you'll never"—
"Don't talk to me! I know all about
it! I've been a dentist myself for the
last 13 years!"
"Oh, you have!" growled the other
as he backed away. "Well, that's dif
ferent. It will not only seem to you as
if your blamed old head was being
pulled off your shoulders, but your jaw
will ache two weeks after, and I'm
durned glad of it too!"— Washington
Up to the time of the arrival of Miss
Ella Scarlet in Korea all the wives of
the emperor had been without medical
attendance. Miss Scarlet, who holds
degrees from both London and Brus
sels, has left her home in England to
look after their physical well being.
What success she will havo remains to
be seen, for she is the only doctor
among those 11,000.000 inhabitants.
The beautiful heiress Miss Mary
Crocker of San Francisco is to marry
Mr. Francis Burton Harrison, the son
of the novelist.
A Great
1 l %*CJ. Ji M\f guarantee
There are many superior
brands of baking worth
powders, but
44 Royal Baking Powder"
is recognized at once as the
brand of great name, the powder
of highest favor and reputation.
Everyone has absolute confi
dence in the food where Royal
is used.
Pure and healthful food is a
matter of vital importance to
every individual.
Royal Baking Powder
assures the finest and
. most wholesome food.
There are many imitation baking
powders, made from alum, mostly
sold cheap. Avoid them, as they
make ihe food unwholesome.
History of the Transactions in Whit
man County Land?.
Patents and Receipts.
U. S. to Charlotte White se qr 24 l!> 40.
U S to .las A Wier, It 1 2 se qr ne qr, ne qr
se qr 4 15 3',).
U S to Elvis P Black, aw qr 12 17 39.
Wm Huntley to Lillia F Smith Its 0 7
8 blk 41 Enchcott £50 00
Lillis if' Smith to Jessa Banta se qr 31
17 41 1900 00
Luther Lehrbasa to school dist 107
tract 35 17 39 1 00
Rabt S Phllbrick to N E Harris It 8
blk 23 College Hill Add Pullman. 25 00
W H Harvey to N E Harris Its 5 fi
blk 21) College Hill Add Pullman. 50 00
Hugh G. Wheeler Tr to lstNatl bank
Colfax nw qr 4 14 44 3000 00
Lina Webb to Wm L Wakefield leases
nw qr w hf sw qr s 17; nw or nwqr
20 14 45
A A & S Low Exs to J S Lucas ne qr
18 1!) 40 750 00
Mrs R M Wells to E E Murphy, nh
sw qr se qr 22 19 44 000 00
Canada Settlers L & T Co Ld to Wm
Mackie, wh nw qr, wh sw qr 20 19
39 70000
Elvis P Black to X B Estis, sw qr 12
17 39 400 00
Jas W Black to R B Estis, wh nw qr,
ne qr nw qr, nw qr ne qr s 12, sh sw
qr s 1 17 3it 400 00
John W Graham to M M Coughlin,
It 21 b 22 Oakesdale 1500 00
Real Mortgages.
D & J S Olliver to FE Kenaston tract
blk 1 Colton; Its 4 5 »> 11 12 blk 13
Ferguson's Ist Add Colton 1000 00
Guy (Jo-operative Assn to Thos Law
son It 3 blk 7 Guy City 350 00
Edwd P Atchison to Equitable S & L
Assn part Its 5 6" blk 6 Garfield 1750 00
Edwd Canty to W X Eastman w hf se
6 18 45 500 00
Releases of Mortgages.
Deming Inv Co to Stephen M Davis.. 150 00
Balfour Guthrie Inv Co to Wm J
Francis Burton to Nicholas Whealen. 400 00
Vermont L & T Co to Hannah E
Standlev 1500 00
First Bank Tekoa to A B Willard as
signs Bchuler mtg 1500 00
Chattel Mortgages.
Langdon & Cunningham to J A Miller
crop se qr 25 17 45 150 CO
Chas A Shank to J I Case ThreshiDg
Mach Co crop nw qr 10 13 — 919 50
Chas A Shank to J I Case Threshing
Mach Co bagger 0 horses 919 50
Henry Katterhagan to Math Jacobs
crop sw qr sw qr s 25; s hf ne qr c hf
nw qr c hf sw qr se qr s 26; c hf nw
qr 35 12 45 986 62
Samuel Holan to Wilmer & Dwyer I
crop nw qr 4 19 42 340 80
Jas Wilson to W F York farm mach. 778 CO
Frank Sims to Fender Bros a Co farm
mach 134 53
L T Lindley to E L Lindley i, 1 crop
swqr24 18 42 425 00
C Kleweno to Wm Huntly part crop
cc qr 13 17 41 200 00
R T Smiley to Gilbert Hunt Co farm
mach 950 00
W L & S L Scott to Gilbert Hunt Co
farm mach 500 00
C J Cockrell to Buffalo Pitts Co en
gine """ ' 275 00
W H Marble to Davis & Moffatt earn
ings contract 1790 00
C N Darling to J I Case Threshing
Mach Co, farm mach 1070 00
Bills of Sale
Samuel Holan to Wilder & Dwyer
plow 50 00
E M Gillette to J W Raymond ware
house 175 00
A F Carothers to J T Lobaugh & Co.
wagon 02 50
P Ryan to J T Llbaugh &Co wagon 77 50
Palmerton & Harvey to Puget Sound
Warehouse Co, warehouse, etc in
the town of Whelan 1400 00
Louisa Lehrbaes vs Luther Lehrbass lis
Myra Lehrbass vs H A &. Luther Lehrbass
lis pendens.
Stone's Pain-Not Liniment is becom
ing the favorite household remedy. Cures
all paine. Sold only at The Elk Drug
Store o
Army General Asks Government to
Bring Them Home.
Washington, Aog. 11.—General Ran
dall, commander of the department of
Alaska, has made the following report
of the conditioue at Nome:
"At present there are about.ls.Uoo
persons in and about Nome. It in esti
mated there will be 1000 destitute at
the close of navigation. I request that
I be authorized to send all destitute per
sons out of the country by any vessel
available in case army transports are
not here. A post site has been selected
at the mouth of the Nome river, three
and a half miles east of Nome. The
work of construction is now progressing
General Randall recommends the new
post be named Davis, iv honor of Gen
eral Jefferson ('. Davis, who commauded
the first troops in Alanka. He also re
ports that he has chartered the tugboat
Meteor and has collected the destitute
natives between Sinrock and Topkuk
and encamped them on the beach east
of the Nome river. The cummandiniir
officer of that company has been directed
to furnish subsistence and medical asnist
ance. Reports indicate that the natives
all along the coast are dying of measles
and pneumonia. Smallnox has been
checked, no new cases being reported in
12 days.
All the recommendations of General
Randall above noted have received the
hearty approval of the secretary of war.
Forty Years Among Cannibals
The French adventurer who was a cap
tive among cannibals in Central Africa
for forty years, Ijhh decided to write a
book, which will no doubt prove inter
tsting. We can sympathize with his re
lease from bis terrible captivity, which
must have been as joyous as that of a
man who finds himself suddenly released
from the captivity of a refractory stom
ach, by that peerless remedy, Hostetter'e
Stomach Bitters, which has done more
to promote health than any other in
existence. This is the medicine to take,
if you are a sufferer from dyspepsia, con
stipation, indigestion, biliousness, nerv
ousness or insomnia. Don't fail to give
it a trial. Ask for Hostetter's, and do
not accept a substitute. The genuine
has private revenue stamp over the neck
of bottle.
The Whisky Without a Headache.
Wm. Schluting, proprietor of the New
Castle, has jiißt received direct from the
J. W. McCullocb distillery, Owensboro,
Ky., a shipment of the celebrated Green
River whisky, the whisky without a
headache. Selected for its purity and
superior quality by the government for
exclusive use in the U. S, army and navy
hospitals. This goods is put up full
measure and is recommended for family
Horses for Sale.
We have for sale at prices to suit
everybody, 50 head of grade Clyde work
horses, ranging from 1200 to 1600
pounds, 4 to 7 years old. Mansfield
Bros., 3% miles south of Winona*
Washington Chapter No. 16, Order
Eastern Star, will give a lawn social on
Aaron Kuhn's lawn Friday evening,
August 10. Ice cream, sandwiches and
coffee will be served. Music by the band.
General public invited o
Shaw's Pure Malt has a marvelous
dietetic value. vVhile refreshing and pleas
ant to take, it helps assimilation of
food. Sold by F. J. Stone, Colfai, Waßb 0
Lost —One fox terrier, white with brown
head and tail Answers to the name of
"Trix,'; A reward will be paid for re
turn to Edwin T. Coman, Colfax.
F. A. Blackstone sells Mason & Ham
lin pianos and organs. The best is the
Go to Hotel Hart, Winona, for good
treatment. First class house o
a..,i Warehouse
Brainwell Bros.
Colfax, Wash.
our work will ptoliM >on.
Loon Lake Ice
Carload Just Received
Best quality. Deliveries daily to eoMMMn at
1 Jc per pound.
Prompt and Satisfactory.
Pioneer Drug Store,
W. J. HAMILTON, Prop*.
Prescription Work a Specialty.
A Completn htlick 'if
Drags, Medicine*, Chemicals,
Soaps, Brushes, Perfumeries,
I'aintH, OilH, (JhiHrt,
Notionn, Boos*, Stationery.
Telephone No. 37. Main Street, (Jolfax
■ LU. and EXTRAS.
Our Extras, which are tii»t <-la^.Hell at about
one-half the pricei charged by other hriwn
Header and Jackson Extras.
150 ft. S-inch 4 ply Gaud; Belt $38.50
Myers'Tank I'unip, complete 15.00
Cylinder Teeth, each .. ti eta
Next door to Gnnthop, Main Street, Colfax
bt. Vincent's Academy
A select Boarding School for young girlx.
Gives a thorough education in all English
branches. Muxic, Fancy Work, Languages,
etc. No compulsion with regard to religious
Correspondence Rolicite.l
Express and Drayman
Will haul your freight or move your
goods and chattels
Sells the Best
Pumps and Windmills
in the Palouae ('ountry.
See him before having.
Hiram 3litchell
Will pay prompt attention to advertising
and posting bills for all sales put in my hands.
Free corrals at Colfax for stock brought to me
to sell. Parties at a distance will find it to
their advantage to communicate with me be
fore fixing dates or making final arrangement*
for sales. CalJ on or address mo at Colfax,
and your sale will receive prompt and careful
Buy Your Groceries
-A.. E. Fonts,
All (foods first claaa. Highest prices paid
for farm produce.
If you wish to Advertise
In Newspapers . . .
call on or write
E.C.Dake's Advertising Agcy.
64-65 Merchant's Exchange,
San Francisco, Calif.
Cattle and Hogs.
Pays highest market price.
OflGce with Chaß. DeFrauce, C.»lf«x, Wash.
Cleanses and beautifie« the hair.
Froruotos a luxuriant growth.
Never Fails to Keßtore Gray
Hair to its Youthful Color/
Prevents Dandruff and hair falling.
I am now prepared to do all kinds of
land business, homestead entries and
proofs, contests, etc. Have had 13 year*
experience in land cases. W. A. Inman r
D. S. Oomnii«*ionpr. Colfax. Wash,
Call on H. W. Goff for Insurance,

xml | txt