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The Colfax gazette. (Colfax, Wash.) 1893-1932, September 28, 1900, Image 1

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88085460/1900-09-28/ed-1/seq-1/

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Colfax's Greatest Store
For the benefit of our customers who were unable to take
advantage of our great sale this week, we have extended the
same until October sth.
Do Not Miss This Opportunity
Colfax's Greatest Store,
Umrt, mo«t reliable and quickest mail I A postal mailed to us will secure you a lire
ordor house m the State of W ushington. | of sampleß.
Stylish Clothes
sißß^ You've heard a great
V"' Ǥ v^rjl deal about the fit and
«^£Ti*sSfe fashion of our clothes.
(** ■ %lftJß iJlhln Come in and try on some
f' P^^wfm^M^k, of fche new st^ K's'sce how
r d '■; r th; y ai-'
I W;\ jjji.il 1! fIS^^SIPI ele»antly tailored and fin
%^|^'v^l||^;,^% shape, wear loncrer than
O^%fW^ ' nfeflliß find we have prices to suit
/ MM il'lfi IHjf 111 Suits, Overcoats and
\ Sjjji'i wm MM Ml' Trousers, of the latest de-
I' '1 Pi liSf 111 S'^ U am* Kuaranteed qual
-111 IP '111 111 Vl r eSS 1:U1 "Ifei>i°r
li "Count It Good
i If AYe Sell It"
When Yon Want Supplies
Why Go to Outside Cities?
The city merchant has very few facilities for buying and Belling which the
country merchant does not also possess. In fact, the advantages on the whole are
on the si.-ie of the country dealer. His rent is much less, His genera] expenses are
much !■■■. Why then does ho much trade go to outside cities, which of ritrht
should be dmtnbuted throughout the neighborhood in which your lot is cast?
Bt>canra the country dealer lets it go there.
\\ bat ever the state of affairs may be in other Palouse Country stores we will
DOl sell you cotton for wool, nor jute for flax. We buy for cash; 'we sell for ea*b-
We bay in large qnautitiea; this means another big saving. We ask no one to
tradt with «- simply because we are in business in this neighborhood We do
not ask your patrouage a« a right; we ask you to come here because
It Pays You to Buy in Colfax.
The meaner ijortH of merchandise we have no time to bother with- neither
hivt'vouif we judge the trading public aright. Clean, honest, reliable stuff at
lowest price*, in what intelligent buyers are looking for. We keep none other '
Don't Send Away for Your Fall Supplies Before Calling on
Groceries, Fruits and Produce
Hay, Grain and Poultry.
We carry only the best goods and sell at most moderate prices. We buy farm produce
and keep a general line of farmers' supplies, such as Willow Picking Basket', Tubs and Wash
era, Tin and (Iranite Cooking Utensils, Rope, Lantern*. Axle Grease, Etc. We will pay you
and take them when delivered, any time in the year.
Groceries, Hay and Grain Delivered Free.
Phone Main : i 1. Main Street. Colfax, Washington
Coffax, Washington.
Coliax, Washington.
fathered From Hills, Valleys
and Plains of the Union.
Boiled Down As It Comes From
the Wires for Information of
Busy Headers.
Wednesday, September 19
Three state conventions met ac Helena,
Montana — democrats, populists and
labor party. The democratic wound up
with a bolt of Go delegates because of a
claim that the convention had actpd un
fairly in seating delegates. The bolters
are Dalyiten
Belle Archpr, famous actress, died at
Warren, Pa., the result of a fall on a
depot platform.
Near Sampter, Oregon, Fred Kane
shot at bis wife and daughter while in
bed, wounding the woman and killing
the child. The woman ran and Kane
burned the house and deady body of the
7-year-old girl. He then shot himeelf,
but not fatally.
Governor Roosevelt spoke at Poca
tello, Blackfoot and other Southern
Idaho towns. 'lie compared the wages
of the workincmen now and in 1896,
showing the railroad men of Tocatello
how their pay had increased.
Gen. John A. McClernand, jurist and
union commander of renown, died at
Springfield, 111.
Editor O 1 Heron of the Flauderau,
South Dakota, Herald was shot and in
jured seriously today by William Bell of
Bell Rapids, who was the only South
Dakota!' in Roosevelt's rough riders.
During the recent trip of Governor
Roosevelt through the state, Bell, by
special invitation, accompanied him.
O'Herou criticized Bell's speech at Flan
derau in company with Roosevelt. This
brought about the trouble.
The coal strike keeps growing in num
bers of men out.
Thursday, September 20.
City of GalvestoD wan turned over by
the military to the civil powers. Labor
is at » premium, but the city in fa*t be
ing cleaned.
Th«- democrats from I)r>er Lodge eoua
ty, Montana, who bolted the democratic
con vent ioo, met with others and de
vised pinna for the. formation of v state
party to be called the independent demo
cratic party, which will hold a conven
tion in Butte October 2 to nominate a
state ticket.
The sovereign grand lodge of Odd Fel
lows, at Riebmond, Va., rejected amend
ments to the constitution proposing to
admit Indian* of one-eighth blood and
to reduce the age limit irom 21 to 18
At Fresno, Calif., Fred HineH, aged \H
who killed his father by poisouinar hi*
coffee, was acquitted because he did not
realize the enormity of h;y crime.
Transport Lawtou, sent by the secre
tary of war to succor needy miners at
Nome, arrived ut Seattle on her way
north. She will take a big cargo of sup
plies and bring back 750 indigents.
While Governor Well*, republican gov
ernor of Utah, and Secretary of State
Hammond were over the border of
Idaho to meet Rooaevelt Aqnila Nebeker,
democratic president of the senate ap
pointed O. W. Powers, democrat, as
United States senator. Powers later
said it was useless to contest for the
seat, in view of the senate's action in tbe
Quay case.
Friday, September 21.
The national party, composed of men
who [eel that they can not conscientious
ly vote lor either McKinley or Brvan,
held a conference at Honton and aband
oned the idea of keeping a political
ticket in the field.
Chairman Hanna announced that he
would make an extensive campaigning
tour in the went, particularly of South
Dakota and Nebraska.
A lone highwayman held up the pas
sengers on a west bound Northern Pa
cific passenger train h tween Athol and
Rathdratn, Idaho. He got $400 or
$500 cash and much jewelry and dropped
off at Hathdrunj. The railroad coin
pany offers $2,000 reward for him.
The Huntiugton estate will nay $200,
--000 inheritance tax.
Railroad service into Galveston was
Montana fusionists nominated J. K.
Toole for governor. The labor party
refused to train with democrat* and
populists and nominated J. A Ferguson,
a Miesoula cigarraaker for governor.
Roosevelt spoke at Salt Lake.
Saturday, September 22
At the end of the first week of the
strike in the anthracite coal field* ol
i'eisr.Hylvania there are not wanting
MiTUn of a desire on the part of some
strikers to return to their work. This
Hontiment is generally confined, so far
at* reported, to the English speaking ele
ment among the mine workers. Experi
ence has (shown that these men are the
most conservative, the foreigners being
impulsive and hot-tempered in strike
Vice Chairman J. B. Edmiston of the
populist national committee has chal
lenged Senator Hanna, chairman of the
national republican committee to a joint
diecuesion. Mr. Edmiston makes' his
desires known in a long communication,
which contains a list of 34 questions for
Mr. Hanna to answer in public.
Labor is scarce at Gaiveston and 2000
men are wanted for street cleaning.
Roosevelt spoke at Green River and
Evanston, Wyoming.
The increasing demands for interior
crop-movicg funds is shown in a loss of
$0,752,200 cash by the Associated
Banks of New York for the week ending
September 22. All this money was
shipped west and south, operations with
the sub-treasury having resulted in little
change either way.
Sunday. September 23.
• A dispatch to the Times Herald from
Dallas, Tex , says: A cloudburst in the
Neocea River country, 90 miles west of
the Southern Pacific road, resulting in a
terrific Hood and much loss of life is re
ported. Meager details have been re
wired, hot it is claimed from .10 to 40
I employ* on the ghw , p „„„,.,,.,„
drowned and all the ranches swamped.
Many flocks of sheep have been lost and
a large amount of property destroyed.
The Dmted States transport Port
Albert sailed from Seattle for the Philip
pines tonight with 509 cavalry horns
and a cargo of forage and commiesarv
It now begins to look as if the strike
of I ennsylvania coal miners will extend
to railroads handling coal.
Followers of Dowie, the Chicago divine
nealer, were tarred at Mansfield, Ohio.
At Cincinnati a conference committee
of the Amalgamated Association of Iron
and Sreel Workers and of the manufac
turers today signed the wage schedule
that will be effective until July 1 1901
It is known as the yearly scale, which be
gins always with July 1. Owing to the
unusual fluctuations of the market the
new scale had not been signed when the
mills shut down June 30, and the con
ditions have been unfavorable since
June, ho that the mills have been idle for
almost three months. As soon as The
scale was signed this morning messages
were bent in every direction before the
conferees breakfasted, ordering the fires
built at once. Some mills will start to
morrow, and all others as soon as possi
ble. This decision means employment
tomorrow to over 60,000 workiugmen
who have been idle since June awaiting
the udjusttnent of their wage scales
Monday, September 24.
Instead of the expected clash between
the troops and the striking miners in the
Schuylkill region, a peaceful calm pre
vailed in the region and there was not
the slightest disorder for the soldiers to
be called upon to quell. In fact all the
districts of the anthracite coal fields
were extremely quiet, there being no
demonstration whatever on the part of
the strikers. While the operators claim
that a number of their employes return
ed to work at the mines in the Schuvl
kill region, it was early in the day evi
dent that the operations did not assume
the activity which the mine-owners had
yesterday anticipated, and indications
are that tomorrow will 'find more idle
collories than at any time since the
strike began.
A Boise, Idaho, dispatch says: The
populists and democrats have held
several conferences today and this even
ing without result. Tonight it Looks aa
though there would be no fusion. The
democratic ticket as filed has three
populisms on it, but there is no demo
cratic name on the populist ticket, and
it is moro than probable there will never
be one cv the populist ticket.
The village of Morristown, Minn., was
struck by a cyclone and eight persons
were killed by the wrecking of a large
brick building in which they took refuge.
The storm came without warning.
The steamer Itoanoke brings news of
a most disastrous storm at Nome. It
raged with unusual violence for nearly
two .lays up to the evening of September
13, i i'\ was the severest that ever vjnit
ed north western Alaska. A number of
barges and lighters were driven ashore
and totally wrecked. All along the
beach for miles, both east f<nd west of
Nome, the wind and water bare created
havoc with tents and tinning machinery.
A number of lives are believed to have
beeu lost.
Floods along the Colorado river in
Texas are devastating the lowlands.
Roosevelt spoke at Latamie and Han
na, Wyoming.
Tuesday, September 25.
Pennsylvania coal men call for more
troops. The great strike is still spread
Two deputy sheriff* of Stevens county,
Wash., attempted to arrest two holdup
men near Addy. The men ran, firing at
the officers. One of the robbers was
killed and the other wounded end cap
All hopes of fusion in Idaho have
Smallpox has been stamped out at
Gen. Johu M. Palmer, gold democratic
candidate for tbe presidency in 1896,
died at Springfield, 111., from "heart fail
ure, aged 80.
Roosevelt spoke to an immense crowd
at Denver.
Adjutant General Corbin has received
a personal letter from Secretary Root
saying that his condition is improving,
but giving no indication of a purpose to
return to Washington in the immediate
future. Secretary Root is at, his summer
home nt, Southampton, Long island,and
is convalescing from a pevere operation
for the removal of a carbuncle iv his
September wheat at Chicago, 7C>%; Oc
tober, pnme. Portland, cash, 56; Ta
coraa, 56!,.
Horrible Massacre By Kussians.
London, Sept. 21.—"Authentic ac
counts have been received here," says
the Moscow correspondent of the Stand
ard, "of a horrible massacre at Blago
vestehensk, which was undoubtedly car
ried out under direct orders from the
Russian authorities, and which then let
loose the tide of slaughter through
Amur. The entire Chinese population of
5000 souls was escorted out of town to
a spot five miles up the Amur, and then,
being led in batches of a few hundred to
the river bank, were ordered to cross
over to the Chinese side. No boats were
provided, aud the river is v mile wide.
The Chinese were flung alive into the
stream and were stabbed or shot at the
least resistance, while Russian volun
teers who lined the bank clubbed or
shot any who attempted to land. Not
one escaped alive. The river bank for
miles was strewn with corpses."
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy a
Great Favorite.
The soothing and healing properties
of this remedy, its pleasant taste and
prompt aud permanent cures have made
it a great favorite with people every
where. It is especially prized by moth
ers of small children for colde, croup
and whooping cough, as it always af
ford* quick relief, and as it contains no
opium or other harmful drug, it may be
given as confidently to a buDv as to au
adult. For sale by all druggists.
If you want Insurance, or a collection
promptly made, call on Eacho, Lame 4
Co., the real estate hustlers*
Hands of Fusion Combination
In Parents* Pockets.
New Text Books Are a Sore and
Costly Disappointment Kx
change Scheme a Fraud.
Every parent ol ar.'iild of school age
iv the state ol Washington bow knows
something of the infamous school book
trust foisted upon them by the fusion
state board <if education of* the Rogers
administration and the fusion state
superintendent of public instruction.
I' rank .1. Browue. The books are shilly
shally, wishy-washy prints hastily com
piled by cheap and unknown authors for
sale by force of law to every parent of a
school child. They are burdened with
errors. The arithmetics carry neither
explanations nor answers 'to the
bungled-upjcollection of problems. This
probably accounts for the teachers send
ing home with the children the arith
metical work which they arc paid salar
ies to instruct the children in.
Euch family has been literally held up
for school book money by this fusion
aggregation of bloodsuckers.
Bold, Bare Faced Robbery.
The Oregonian, which has fully in
vestigated thia gigantic wbeme, saye:
The Rogers administration in the
state of VVaKuingtou is not going to
pass through the campaign without
serious and systematic effort on the part
of its republican opponents to impeach
its efficiency. There are signs that the
great home industry school-book scheme
of Professor Browne, the silver republi
can superintendent of public instruction,
will be a prominent The books
have appeared, and they are not all they
should be. The prodigal promises as to
price and chatacter are not, it is said,
being satisfactorily fulfilled. The ex
change system looks well in theory, but
in practice everything depends on the
conscience of the publisher, working
through the retailer. If a book brought
to him by a child does not suit his fancy
as to perfection of condition, be is quite
likely to reject it. Add to this the fact
that the apparently liberal terms of ex
change expire January 1, 1901, and the
full list price is then to be enforced for
four and one-half years, and it is appar
ent that the generous project of the pub
lishing concern in giving "new books for
old," is not without its fall compensa
The Wustlaud Publishing Company is
the name of the ambitious corporation
organized to knock out the so-called
school-book monopoly, and substitute a
sort of Some-made octopus. Its incor
porators are Ethan Allen, Jr., of Ta
coma; EL 0 Hollenbeck of Seattle and
George E. Blankenahip. of Olympia. It
is not known that any of these gentle
men ever had any large capital or ex
perience invested in the school-book pub
lishing industry, nor any experience at
all. Hut, all the same, they embarked
upon an elaborate scheme to supply the
many thousand children of Washington
with text-books of learning The cor
poration had tbe undoubted favor of
Superintendent Browne, who had long
ami carefully been lading his plane to
drive the book trust from business in
Washington. When the time came for
awarding the five-year contract last
May, it was found that various authors,
hitherto to fame unknown, had prepared
manuscripts for spellers, readers, ge
ographies, and most of the standard
works in school use. It was generally
understood that Professor Browne had
been in corresponjence with these edu
cators, and they seem to have proceeded
in their labors of authorship with a
somewhat definite idea that they would
not be unrewarded. But whatever their
expectations and whatever the promises
made to them, they did not work in
vain, though the plans of the local com
bination as to the school readers had to
be modified. Mrs. Carrie Shaw Rice, de
scribed as the "well-known Washington
poet, 7' prepared a series >f readers, but
the contract went to an eastern house.
All that the old-line establishments got
out of the awards were the primary
arithmetic, school grammar; language
books and readers, primary history and
primary writing-books, the Wes'tland
Publishing Company, which up to this
time had never published anything, was
authorized to furnish the remainder of
the primary and grammar school-books,
including the grammar, school history,
civics, spelling, the St. John writing tab
le's, phyniology and geography. These
include considerably the largest part of
the books used in the state. But the
contracts that did go to outside publish
ers were let to them with the consent of
the Weetland outfit. In other words, all
the awards were the result of a combina
tion in which the Westland Company
and certain eastern concerns were mutu
ally and harmoniously the beneficiaries.
An Array of Talenr.
Here is the roeter of talent that was
already made up by the Westland com
pany on books that last May were most
ly in manuscript, aud, so far as known
to the outside world, had not been ap
prove-JUby anybody but the members of
the combination:
Professor W. T. Huzhes, principal of
the Fairhaven public schools, author of
the speller.
Professor St. John, of the State Uni
versity at Seattle, author of the writing
tablets and inventor of a writing sys
Horatio Ailing chief clerk of Secretary i
! of State Jenkins, author of the work on
j "civics."
Professor Kroohn. from somewhere in
| the east, author of a physiology.
Harr Wagner, of San Francisco, ail
j thor of a ereograpby.
And a few others.
The Combination's Work.
When the state board of education
! met at Olympia in May to award the
; contracts, representatives o f some 25
publishing houses were present. The
members of th^ board are: Superintend
! ent of Public Instruction Browne, Messrs
Meredith of Seattle. Dumas of Dayton,
Plumb of North Yakima, and Friars of
j Everett. The board was in session a
number of days considering the merits
l and demerits of the several books. Sup-
nfatesdral Browne accoM to have had
Hum,-tr-.u1.1,. inputting bk pet project
thmii U h. tboogfa be VM warmly Keond
ed tbroaghoat bj hi* friend Meredith
N'v.THi time* a text book not favored
h.v th«> MpcriDtondeoi ««h adopted; then
adjoarnoMot »v had, an «l the rota wa«
iiHuallv recooaidered an.J the bo'>k that
wm riated In the (J.al w«h pot through
Home member oi tho board hud | wn
worked upon and «lu!v p.THuaded to
Chans? hin mm.l during the roccnH
I'r.Mication .»f text-bookl within the
rtate waH K iv,'n out K f»nemlly as the
jipincipal reaHfin for the organization of
tin-Wefltland company. Bat ho far the
company in said to have done little work
at borne. Only the ipolien and the
wni-njr tahletf* an- «aid to haw been
turned oat within the border* of the
■gate, and very Kttle money naabaen
distnbuted to Va*hin«toii priaten and
Dindera on that account. INwrnhly the
pabiishing rompanj will do better when
it knows as much about compiling and
printm« booke aH it does about ttettine
lar« t - five year contracts.
The Law and Kxihan£e I'rlce.
The statute of Wavbingtoa providM
that the state board of education shall
have power "to adopt or readopf
a uniform Heries (1 f text-books for the
vhp of the common schools. Provided
they can secure an exchange of books at
any time in iihc for those of the same
grade, or an exchange of those of a
lower grade for those of the next higher
grade without a greater average coat
to the people than ooe-flftfl of the cou
tract retail price of the book* in use at
the time of the adoption."
Tbeeori of the text book* to the pat
roiiH of the school* of Washington is
determined by the exchange price; that
19, the price that moat be paid in cash
for a new book over and above the old
book given in exchange for the new one.
There arr. however, two things that ma
terially affect the exchange prL-e, one be
ing the condition of the books that will
be taken in exchange and tbe other the
time allowed for the exchange. These
incidents give opportunity for varying
the practice under the law ho as par
tially to defeat the iutent of the statute.
It in manifestly unjust to require fora
book that ia entirely worn out and use
leiH the same price that is required for
one that i* in good condition and may
be lined again. At the same time it is
fonnd to be a fact that comparatively
few school books that have been used a
term or more are fit to go into the mar
ket again By accepting in exehauge
only books that are in good condition,
practically new, mosl „f the old school
books of the state are put out of the
exchangeable list, ami are so much dead
stock on the hands of the school pat
rons. In these cases the patrons must
buy the books outright at full retail
price. They cannot get the benefit of
the exchange price, because they have
nothing to off-r in exchange that will be
accepted. Much complaint is already
heard in Washington because the new
contractors require exchange books to
be in almost perfect condition. Tbe
element of time also cute an important
figure. If only 30 daja, for example,
were allowed for making the exchange
of books, it might happen that a con
sideruble portion of the state would be
caught without opportunity to give up
all its old b^oks and get the new ones,
particularly if depots or supply points
were not convenient. It would in such
case be to the advanrage of the con
tractor to make it inconvenient to ex
change books In many couutrv dis
tricts there is but one term of school a
year aud that may not exceed three
months. In order to give all parts of
the staie an opportunity to avail of the
exchange prices for books, nearly a year
would be reci vi red. Inderthe new con
tract in VVanhington, the time within
which books may be exchanged will ex
pire January I, 1901, and it is said
many schools will not have had oppor
tunity to effect exchange before, that
The "Average Cost."
While the law requires that the ex
change rate shall be hut one-fifth of the
contract retail price of books in use at
the time of adoption, it is alleged that
the new Washington contract does not
in all cases do thin. The statement of
the board in that the "average coat" in
within the law. Iv a few c.hch the ex
change price under the new contract it*
less than the law requires; in moat BUM
it is more.
It iH shown, however, that the "aver
age-cost" doctrine of the state board
does not hold good because the total ex
change cost of books for the entire eight
years of public school course shows a
loss of $1.60 by reason of the higher
price on most of the books, and a gain
of 19 ceutn by reason of ihe lower price
of others, leaving the net cost to the
school patron $1 41 greater than con
templated by law.
Goes Into People's Pockets.
How deep the new contract goes into
the pockets of the people of Washington
is shown by h little calculation. The lat
est available official enrollment of school
children by years is that for 1898. Ex
perience shows that two-thirds of the
children will offer old books in exchange
if they have opportunity to do bo.
Upon this basis it is shown that the
losses and gains to the people of Wash
ington, below or above the legal rate,
would be as follows under the new con
tract, no account being taken in this
computation of the increase of popula
tion since 1898:
No; H?" ocx- Lobs
rolled, changed, each, per year
First year 22 494 14,990 |0 00 * 749 «o
Second year .19,629 13 066 08 l o*; h»
Tnir<l year .14,016 9,M4 »Oi •140 46
Fourth year. 14,502 7,534 08 GO" 7>
, Fifth year. ...12,309 5.206 ;{o 'Z'XA W
I Sixth year .... 9,49:: 6 32a 29 lW> 1"
Seventh year.. 7,31"> 1,876 M l'"t;7 7ti
, Ki^hth year... 4,897 3,204 30 '96120
Total net loss <y,277 is
BesiueH this added exchange coat, ille
gal, it is alleged, is the added cost to the
people of the state of books that will be
1 disposed of at the legal retail price. It
i is estimated that for arithmetic* alone
I the extra price of the new bookß over
those that have been used in the schools
will be nboat $13,500 in the five year*.
And ho in other cases.
How all this came to be, the impulse
behind it and the purpose in view when
the new contract was made, the people
of Washington are likely to ascertain
before the subject is dropped.

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