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INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT lir WEST
Judge Thomas Burke Says Conservation Is
Passing Through Period Common to
Every Political Reform.
Last week The Gazette published the
main features of Judge Burkes excellent
speech deliver d in Colfax treating on
three important provisions of the new
tariff law, a learned exposition of n ques
tion on which every attempt is being
made to befog and mislead the people
by those seeking office through the tricks
of the demagogue aud the cheap politi
cian. Thin week we lay before our read
ers what Judge Burke said on conserva
tion, a question of supreme moment at
thin time, upon which there may be an
honest difference of opinion. Judge
Burke never desfends to the low depths
of the political trickster. What be saya
in clean cut, hearing judicial investiga
tion and mature thought. This ia what
he said on conservation :
All People Are Conservationists.
"The reformer renders civilization a
great service in plowing and harrowing
the ground for the growth of reforms
Hut the trouble with some of them is
that once started they keep plowing and
burrowing every month in the year,
never giving the crop a chance to grow.
We have an illustration of this in our
day in the movement that has come to
be known by the terra 'conservation.'
As originally understood all sensible
people are conservationists. It is sim
ply the application of the old-fashioned
virtue of prudent saving to objecs of
national concprn. Sensible, disinterested
people in every part of the country are
in accord in opposing the wasteful and
monopolistic use of our natural re-
Bourcea. Thin is nothing more than the
application of the old-fashioned simple
virtues of prudent saving and intelligent
use to objects of national concern.
"The movement that has come to be
known as the conservation of natural
resources is passing through B stage
common to every political aDd social
reform in history. It it* in more danger
of shipwreck from its overzealous and
intolerant advocates than from its
avowed opponents. The people of the
West believe in forest reservations based
upon common sense and scientific prin
ciples. They believe in the necessity of
protecting our forests against fire and
preventable waste, in extending forest
reservations over lands better adapted
to forest growth than to farming, in pre
serving the forests on mountain sides
and steep hillsides, and in the import
ance of reforesting deforested areas un
suited to agriculture. They believe that
ia this era of land hunger every acre of
Jand suitable for farming should be open
to the bonnfide settler who seeks to
make a home upon it for himself and hi*
family, and that he should have the
right to take it up, not as a tenant of
the government, but in fee simple so that
he may own the house which shelters
him and his family and the land that
under his industry and self-denial sup
ports them. But they do not believe in
hoarding the wilderness.
Eastern Idea of Conservation.
"Again and again we are sternly re
minded by Eastern conservationists that
the public domain does not belong to
the people of the West but is held in
trust by the government for all people
of the country. Thi* statement is usual
ly made as if it closad the door to all
further argument, as if it were n finality.
While in a certain sense it may be true it
is nevertheless very misleading. Unless
the government assumes the role of a
universal landlord over future settlers
upon the public domain, collecting rents
like any other landlord and turning the
proceeds into the treasury of the United
States for the benefit equally of all the
people, it cannot be held to be more than
temporarily a trustee of those lands;
that ie, a trustee until, under the law,
the lands are taken up by settlers. As a
matter of fact and common sense the
public lands have been held in trust by
the government for such American citi
zens as had the courage and fortitude,
the enterprise, industry and self denial
to go into the woods or on the plains
and make their homes there, establish
schools and churches and build up towns
and cities and lay the foundations of
these Western commonwealths.
"For one I am unalterably opposed to
the plan that would make the govern
ment a universal landlord over the re
maining public lands and the settlers a
body of tenantry.
Industrial Development of the West.
"Coal and water power are essential
factors in the industrial development of
the West. For domestic use coal is
practically a necessity of life. The next
step in our industrial progress on this
coast will be the establishment and build
ing up of factories. Our diversified
natural resources and rapidly increasing
population will sustain a large and
s^eadilv growing manufacturing interest.
I The. progress and prosperity of our own
state depend to a large extent upon the
! growth of this interest and this in turn
depends upon plentiful supply of cheap
: coal and upon the use of the water
' power on the coast awaiting develop
ment. But it requires large capital to
develop and market it.
"The fact that no individual, unless
j he is very rich, can open and operate a
'■ cml mine or bring watnr power into
commercial u?e reduces the chances of
j effective conipptition in thes«» commodi
j ties and leaves the way open to the
monopolistic control of them. The
j problem which confronts us, then, is how
! best to encourage the prospecting of our
coal fields, the opening and developing
of mines, and the utilization of water
under conditions that will protect the
i public again»t unreasonable prices. The
i problem is a difficult one, although to
! some of the Eastern conservationists,
1 who know no more about opening and
I running coal mines than they do about
the canals in Mars, it is a very simple
matter. Let the government do it. A
more thoughtful class of Eastern con
i servationists are strongly urging the
I proposition that the government lease
j the coal lands for a term of years and
| turn the rentals derived therefrom into
! the government treasury.
Opposed to Plan of Leasing.
"I, for one, object to this plan as both
impracticable and unjust. A coal de
j posit, like any other mineral deposit,
| must be found and its quality and extent
j determined before it can become the sub
' ject. of lease. How can any one be so
j simple a« to suppose that men will pros
j prct for coal in this part of the country.
j go to the expense and take the risk o*
; finding out whether the vein will pay to
develop oc a lease to be made with gov
erumtnt agents, who more likely than
not, will have little or no preetical
knowledge of the situation. If the terms
of the lease are rigidly prescribed by
statute they could not in the nature of
things fit all situations. It a large dis
cretion is left to the agents it throws a
form of temptation in their way which
all human experience teaches us cannot
wisely or safely be done. Corruption
I and public scandal would inevitably fol
''I object to such a policy as unjust to
linn new state, because such a rental for
coal lnnds or a royalty on water power
would be a special tax on tbe coal mines
and water power within the state of
Washington. Indeed, it would be in
efftct a tax upon every factory and upon
every household using coal or water
power. By what right should the gov
ernment impose a tax on the industries
or people of this state which it does not
and could not lay upon the industries or
people of Pennsylvania or Georgia? Un
der the constitution of the United States
the state of Washington has equal
rights with every other state in the
Union. It has the right to develop the
natural resources within its borders free
from any impost or burden that may
not be imposed upon any other state.
Will Block Development.
"The effect of euch a policy would be
to block the development and progrees
of this part of the country, preventing
the people of our time from sharing and
enjoying the great natural wealth of the
state in order to save it for 'unborn
"But undeveloped our natural re
sources will de neither present nor future
generations any good. Our first duty is
to those who are here now; to those who
have come and are coming here because
of the promise held out to industry and
enterprise by the natural advantages of
this state in its healthful climate, it*
rich soil, its great store of mineral
wealth, its vast water power, its navi
gable rivers and fine harbors. The peo
ple of today have a right to share in
these blessings of nature. There is no
intention in the West to rob the future,
but there is a determined purpose not to
let a band of well meaning sentimental
ists rob the present on the plea that it
is necessary to hoard nature's riches for
"By promoting the progress, weli
being and happiness of the people today
we shall be doing the best possible ser
vice to those who are to come after us.
Effective Regulation Proper Course.
"How, then, shall we meet the danger
of monoply in articles so essential to
our progrees as coal and water power.
"Before proposing a remedy for an
evil or a safeguard against an appre
hended evil one should clearly have in
mind the nature of the mischief to be
corrected or avoided. And what has
the public to apprehend from the ex
COLFAX, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 9. 1910.
ploitation of our coal deposits and
water powers. Unreasonable or exorbi
tant prices for coal and water power,
articles indispensable to the comfort and
prosperity of the people. Let there be
effective regulation of the prices and the
more coal that is discovered, the more
nvnes that are opened and tbe more
powers that are brought into use the
better for the people.
"I would, therefore, suggest that the
public land laws should provide that in
every sale of public land containing coal
and controlling water power the right to
regulate tbe price of coal and water
power should be reserved to the state
within which the coal land or water
power is situated, and when within a
territory to the United States to pass
to the state to be created out of such
territory. In the event of a dispute in
any case as to what constitutes a rea
sonable price the question, at tbe in
stance of any party interest, could be
submitted to a court of competent juris
diction for adjudication. This, with ap
propriate national legislation, where
congress has the power and state legis
lation within the state's jurisdiction, for
bidding over-capitalization, would, it
seems to me, be an tffcctual safeguard
for the public without depriving tbe
present generation of the desirable de
velopment and use of our natural re
President Taft's Statement.
"In one of his special messages to con
gress tbe president stated the problem
of conservation with convincing clear
ness in these words: 'The problem is
how to save and how to utilize, how to
conserve and still develop; fpr no person
can contend that it is for the common
good that nature's blessings are only
for unborn generations.'
"To the solution of this problem the
people of the West are bringing a prac
tical knowledge of tbe situation informed
by an enlightened public spirit. Twenty
years ago—long before the subject of
•conservation of water power' had en
gaged public attention —the people of
the state of Washington caused this pro
vision to be put into tbe constitution of
the state: 'The use of the waters of
this state tor irrigation, mining and
manufacturing purposes shall be deemed
a public use.'
"This brings every water power in this
state within the reach of public control.
"A wise co-operation of the general
government with the state governments
will produce the best results."
FAIR GROUND IN GOOD SHAPE
Practically Everything New in Con
nection With County Fair.
A transformation scene has taken
place at the county fair grounds since
the flood of last March. Under the
supervision of Manager John ii. Bloom
there has arisen from the debris a new
and better fair ground, with more sub
stantial surroundings. The race track
has received careful attention and will be
in fine shape for the big events to be
pulled off during fair week. A new
pavilion has been erected, in which will
be displayed the fruits, vegetables and
cereals cf Whitman county. The grand
stand has also been repaired and placed
in cafe condition. A new fence now en
circles the race track and the whole pre
sente an attractive appearance. Besides
these improvements a new bridge is be
ing built across the river just east of the
entrance to the grounds, to replace the
bridge that was carried away by the
This year the fair will be held Septem
ber 2G to October 1, and those in charge
are putting forth every fffort to give the
citizens of Whitman county a more sat
isfactory fair than preceding ones.
Mixed in the Makeup.
In the premium list for the approach
ing Whitman county fair the printed
booklet has gotten two pages a little
mixed in the makeup. Class 3, class 4
(lace, drawn work, knitting, crochet),
and class 5 (for women 55 years old and
over), are under the head of Division O,
Fine Arts, whpn they should be under
the bead of Division N, Millinery, Sewing,
Etc. Pages 35 and 37 are affected.
Division N is under the superintendence
of Mis E K. Hanna, Mr*. John H. Bloom
and Mrs. A. J. Davis.
Brought Home on Stretcher.
W. J. Ager, roadmaster for the O. R.
& N , had the misfortune to fall through
a cattla guard at Starbuck Tuesday,
sustaining injuries so that he had to be
brought to his home in Colfax on a
stretcher. Mr. Ager is recently out
from a bed of sickness, consequently was
weak and unsteady, which probably ac
counts for his losing his balance and
falling into the cattle guard. His knee
pan was badly hurt and he was scratched
and bruised all over.
The board of county commissioners
were in session this week from Tuesday
morning until Thursday evening, trans
acting mostly routine business. Lamont
will vote on incorporation and for city
officers September 27. It is claimed they
have 350 people, and are entitled to in
corporate if they so vote.
RECORD IN CONGRESS
For Duplicity and Double Deal
ing It Is a Peach.
Endeavors to Kill Measures by Every
Known Means of Parliamentary
Law, but Votes for Them on Final
Passage to Preserve Record.
The insurgents are insistent that Poin
dexter voted for all administration meas
ures at the last session of congress, and
then ask, What more could a man do?
Poindexter made the same claim in his
speech in Colfax. Let us see. Respect
ing the railroad bill, he said the insurg
ents amended it to suit themselves and
be extolled it as wise legislation. It
seems strange, therefore, that he should
have tried to kill the measure. Just be
fore the bill was put on final passage
William C. Adameon, democrat, of
Georgia, moved to recommit it to the
committeeon interstate and foreign com
merce. The effect of this motion, if suc
cessful, would have been to kill the
measure. On this motion Poindexter
voted with the solid democratic minority;
but the motion to recommit was rejected,
and then immediately, without the inter
vention of any other business, the bill
was put on final passage and carried.
Mr. Poindexter, realizing thit Spokane
was attached to the long and short haul
clause in the measure, did not dare vote
against its enactment, but he had pre
viously exerted every effort to prevent it
from coming to a final ballot. Proceed
ings of the house on May 10, 1910, as
given in the Congressional Kecord, pages
6254 and 6255
In regard to the postal savings bank
bill, Poindexter, as with the railroad
measure, endeavored to smother it in
committee. Ou June 7, which was near
the close of congress, tV™ postal savings
bank bill was so far down on the calen
dar that it could not have been reached
in months. On that date Dalzell, repub
lican, of Pennsylvania, moved the adop
tion of a special rule of procedure, pro
viding for the consideration of tbe meas
ure. Champ Clark, democrat, of Mis
souri, opposed the motion. On, this
question Poindexter voted with tbe solid
democratic minority. He had scarcely
any republican company, all the Kansas
insurgents voting Against the Clark mo
tion. When the bill was afterward put
on final passage Poindexter, anxious for
the support in politics of the farmers of
Washington, did not have the temerity
to vote against it. Hie actions relative
to the postal savings bank bill are set
forth in tbe official proceedings of the
bouse on June 7, pages 7845 and 7846
of the Congressional Record.
To try and kill a measure by every
known means of parliamentary law, but
voting for it on final passage to preserve
bis record, is a sample of the way he
supported administration measures in
congress. The above is a sample of bis
entire work. For duplicity and double
dealing it scarcely has an equal in Ameri
CONFERENCE FINISHES TASK
Colfax Gets Pastor Recently From
the East--Usual Changes.
The Columbia River Conference of the
M. E. church, in session in Spokane the
last of last week and the first of this
week, completed its labors after making
the customary appointments. Rev. J.
P. Barker, who has been in Colfax the
laet three years, will probably go to
Following are the appointments for
Whitman county : Thornten, H. P. Ide;
St. John, C. A. Smith ; Farmington, F.
N.Morton; Winona, J. G. Law; Garfield,
A. W. Luce ; Colfax, N. M. Jones ; Endi
cott, W. H. Rogers; Elberton, E J.
Saell; Oakesdale, John Evans; Pull
man, Robert Brumblay ; Rosalia, D. M.
Helmick ; Colton, to be supplied.
In the first published report Rev. Mr.
Barker was elated as going to Albion,
but his friends state chat be will be sent
Rev. Jones will occupy the pulpit in
Colfax next Sunday for the first time.
He is recently from the east.
JAMES ROBERTS OUT ON BAIL
Judge Pickrell Fixes the Amount of
Bail at $10,000.
James Roberts, the young man ac
cused of murder in killing Dell McConneH
in Colfax last 4th of July, was before
Judge Pickrell of the superior court last
Saturday. The defense asked to see the
dying statement of McConnell, which the
prosecution refused to admit it had at
the previous examination. Prosecuting
Attorney Chamberlin was put on the
stand Saturday and was asked to pro
duce the dying statement of MeConnell.
A long argument ensued as to whether a
prosecuting attorney could be compelled
to give out evidence belonging to the
state, Judge Pickrell ruling in favor of
defense. Objection of the prosecution to
bail being given was withdrawn, bail
for Roberts being fixed at $ 10,000.
0,-tober 10 was the date set for trial.
It apppnrs that Roberts is held in high
esteem by his neighbors, and it w«s easy
for him to procure and give the $10,000
bail bond required by the court. His
neighbors to the extent of many more
than required, volunteered to go upon
the bond. His bondsmen are George W.
Hall, John R Miller. George C. Miller,
Cad Krous. 8. T. McNabb. E. T. Hall
and John Bowman. Sheriff Carter ac
cepted the bondsmen and Roberts ie at
WILSON'S NAME TAKEN OFF
Done by Erasure at the County
The auditor's office was engaged sev
eral days this week in erasing the name
of John L. Wilson printed on the official
ballot for United States senator, the
work being finished Wednesday evening
Auditor Duncan bad six engaged in the
work, the name being erased with pen
and ink. Thirteen thousand ballots
were thus treated. The mandatory or
der to do this work came from Attorney
G^nerfcl Bell, who wrote the following to
the auditor of King county, which was
also forwarded to Auditor Duncan:
"John L: Wilson having requested
pecretary of state to omit his name from
ballot you are advised to print ballots
without his name, or, if already printed,
to obliterate hie name by paster, rubber
stamp or otherwise. Follow this course
with regard to primary in your county."
The work is finished, however, and the
ballots, with the ballot boxes and all
else connected with the present day sys
tern of voting have been forwarded to
tbe different precincts of the county.
COLFAXS PUBLIC SCHOOLS.
Opened Tuesday Morning With the
The public schools of Colfnx opened
Tuesday morning after the mid-summer
vacation, showing an enrollment tbe
first day of about 550, tbere being 117
enrolled for High school work. This has
since been increased to about 600. It
will, without doubt, be still further in
creased to 800 before the close of the
year. All teachers, whose names have
been heretofore published, reported for
The new $40,000 High school building
is occupied for the first time. While not
ornate or pretentious outside, inside it is
light and airy, provided with everything
to enable tbe young men and women
who attend for gaining a good common
school education. They can be made
ready for the higher educational insti
Colfax has all tbe appliances for teach
ing the young idea how to shoot. None
will be turned awsy, as there is plenty
Returned From Alaska.
Governor William H. James returned
last Friday from bis trip to Alaska,
having been gone a month. He re
turned via Portland, where he went to
see his son, who lives up the Willamette
valley between Portland and Salem. Of
his trip to Alaska the governor was
enthusiastic. The ride of a thousand
miles or more through the islands of the
Alaskan coast, only one? being on the
Pacific ocean proper, was one of delight,
something new presenting itself in end
less variety. He said it was spring now
in Alaska. Everything was green, fresh
and beautiful—quite in contrast with the
dust and the sere and yellow leaf be
ginoing to assert itself in the Palonse.
The annual excursions to Alaska are
growing in popularity each year. They
are cheap and attended with so much
comfort as well as pleasure that all who
can should take them.
Chock-a- Block With Grain.
The Farmers' warehouse is a busy
place these days. Grain is pouring in as
fast as teams can haul it. Fred B.
Rogers, warehouseman, states that
about 30,000 sacks of grain had been
received up to noon Tuesday. Three
carloads of wheat had been shipped to
Portland. The warehouse has a capacity
oi about 32,000 sacks. It is nearly full
now. Modern methods for handling
grain are in evidence.
The South End Bridge.
The Bouth end bridge—a temporary
structure —hae been the cause of dispute
of late. Several parties have been fined
for driving over it faster than a walk, it
being thought advisable to enforce the
law pending the construction of the new
bridge at this point, as a preventive of
what might happen. The law should be
obeyed as well as enforced.
Liquor Question to the Fore.
Petitions to submit the question of
saloon license or anti-saloon license to
the people of Colfax at the November
election have been in circulation this
week. It required 177 names to secure
a vote on the question, but as over 200
names were obtained the matter will
come up at the time stated.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
THREE NEW BUSINESS
BLOCKS FOR GOLFAX
Take Place of Buildings De
stroyed by Fire July 4.
Two of Bnck. One of Cement Blocks
--Substantial Retaining Wall to
Be in Place Along South Palous*
River--Street to Be Raised.
Colfax will Boon have three new busi
ness block*, two of brick and one built of
cement blocks. The block on the went
side of Main street, between Upton and
Island streets, that went up in tire and
smoke on the night of last Fourth of
July, is to be the ncene at once of build
ing activity. It. P. Hill last week
bought of Robert K. i^auibb the corner
facing Main and Upton streets, having a
frontage of 2."i feet, the consideration
being $1600, wbich is considered cheap.
Mr. Hill will put up a one story brick.
Patrick Codd owdh the next 50-foot
frontage and Richard H. Reid the lower
25-foot frontage. Mr. Reid says he will
use cement blocks, probably putting up
a one story business block. Mr. Codd ia
figuring now on a one story brick. All
lots go back to the South Palouse river,
the block being a triangular piece of
The first thing, however, to engage the
attention of the owners is to build a
substantial retaining wall along the
South Pa'ouse, work on which will be
started at once. The owners recognize
the importance of doins: the work im
mediately, while the river channel is
practically empty of water. The retain
ing wall will be built from bedrock up,
and will be between 12 and 13 feet in
height. Concrete sidewalk will follow
the entire length of the block.
Our people will welcome this improve
ment, it taking the place of an eyesore
that has been much in evidence since the
fire of the 4th. It will also be an im
provement on the old structures that
were destroyed, they being inflammable
At the council meeting Tuesday night
permits were granted to erect theee
buildings. Mr. Hill will probably move
his grocery store to his building when
ELECTRIC LIGHT & POWER.
Extensive Improvements Are Under
Way in City of Colfax.
The Washington Water Power Co. is
planning extensive improvements in ita
electric light and power service in Colfax.
New poles are being put in place on both
sides of Main street, the new poles being
considerably higher, larger and more
substantial looking than those now in
use. It is understood that the company
wishes to install here such a plant as
it has at Odessa asking for a five year
franchise. The street and light commit
tee of the city council has been invited to
go to Odessa and look at the plant there,
which invitation has been accepted, that
the mayor and council may act intelli
gently in the matter. The committee is
composed of Perrine, Plummer and Tifft,
but as Dr. Tiff c and Mr. Plummer cannot
spare the time now Councilman Stravens
will go with Mr. Perrine. They left for
Odessa yesterday. The report of the
committee will be anxiously awaited.
Magnificent Grapes Grown Here.
If any doubts exist that grapes will
not mature and ripen here the beautiful
and prolific nix acre orchard tract of
Professor F. N. English should be seen.
His grapevines—Campbell's early—are
not only loaded with fruit but are ripen
ing to perfection, the sweeteat, most per
fect and most palatable grape we have
eeen this season. Campbell's early is a
kin to the Concord, although earlier,
hence better for this climate than any
other kind. Professor English's peach
trees are a sight to behold, while the
apple and pear trees, like all others in
this neighborhood, are loaded to the
breaking point and will give forth a
Carde are out announcing the marriage
of Claude A. Larkin, a former Colfax
boy, but now of Portland, to Mise
Daugherty of Portland, the wedding to
take place at the home of the bride on
the 26th instant. Claude is the son of
Henry Larkin, a well known stock maa
and until recently engaged in the butch
ering business in Colfax.
Marriage licensee have been issued by
the county auditor to the following:
T. J. Montgomery and Margaret
Wooten, both o! Colfax.
Phil Edward Hayfield of Farmington
and Adah Mac Jennings of Spokane.
At The Great Eastern. Blanket sale.
Read ad page 2.
Shirkey & Glaeer, graduate opticians.