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THE COLFAX GAZETTE
Hhamwell Bam, Publishers
Office in Pioneer Rlock. Telephone Main 141
Established in 1877. Entered at the Coif ax
po»to*fi ■■•« w> Rfcnnd claw* mail matter.
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0.-W. R & N. TIME CJAKD.
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The editor of the Pullman News rises
to remark: "The State College at Pull
man is more to be desired than county
tmats or even the state Capital." La,
bus, neighbor, who gave you the tip?
April 30 has been set aside this year
a* Tuberculosis Day, and will be observed
in 200,000 churches in the country in a
manner similar to that of Tuberculosis
Sunday in 1910, when over 40,000
sermons were preached on the prevention
At the instance of Senator Collum the
wnate has paesed the Lincoln memorial
bill. It provides for a fitting memorial
to Abraham Lincoln, to be located in the
District of Columbia and to cost not
more than f 2,000,000. This is a move
in the right direction.
The supreme court of California has
granted Abe Ruef a rehearing of the
judgment and order sentencing him to
San Quentin prison for 14 years on the
charge of bribery. There seems litt'e
probability of the political grafter ever
being brought to punishment. What
next along the lines of legal procedur*!
President Bryan of the Washington
State College has asked the legislature
for |760,000 for that institution for the
biennial period, which is eaid to be
$71,000 more than was appropriated
two years ago. In lieu of this amount
he said he would undertake to run the
State College for a .35 mill tax on the
property of the state.
Laws prescribing the whipping post
for wife beaters and prohibiting publiwhtd
attacks on p ace officers for alleged third
degree methods were among measures
the sheriffs of the state say they will
advocate, in convention assembled at
Olympia Monday. The sheriffs are right
on the whipping post business. The way
to Bquelch wife beating brutes is to estab
lish the whipping post.
Judge Frank H. Rudkin, recently ap
pointed judge of the United States dis
trict court for the eastern district of
Washington, is a native of Tennessee.
He came to Washington in 1886. After
four years he was elected superior judge
for the district composed of Kittitas,
Takima and Franklin counties. In 1904
he was elected to the state supreme court
as a republican. Last fall he was re
There may be two expositions in 1915
to celebrate the completion of the Pan
aina canal—one at San Francisco, the
other at New Orleans. Both want it.
We of the Pacific coast, ol course, favor
the former city. If congress decides to
give official recognition to New Orleans
it will not stop an exposition being held
by the G ilden Gate, as- San Francisco
and California have 117,000,000 pledged
for the big event, more than enough to
puil it off in shape.
The United States census report for
1860 coutaius the first record of coal
production in the state of Washington.
This coal was takeu entirely from the
Bellingham Hay properties, in Whatcom
county, and amounted to 5<"374 tons.
The state did not assume much import
ance as a coal producer, however, until
the openiug of the Green River field, in
King county, between 1880 and 1885,
and of the Rjslyn mines in Kittitas
county, which began producing about
the same time.
That Captain Robert E. Peary came
within one and six tenths miles of the
North Pole—near enough to substantiate
his claim of having been at the exact
spot—is the decision of the house com
mittee on naval affaire, which has been
considering the bill to retire Captain
Peary with the rank of rear admiral,
Bays a Washington, D. C, dispatch of
the 2lst. That ought to settle the
matter. Now if Dr. Cook can be squelched
the American people will be glad to have
the North Pole controversy dropped.
The pension roll needs looking after
and it needs it bad. It is proposed in
some quarters to have it published, so
that dishonest names on the roll may be
known and stricken off That there are
thousands of such names is clearly ap
parent. In 1872 James A. Garfield, in a
speech in congress, used these words:
'VV» may reasonably expect that the ex
penditures for peusions will hereafter
steadily decrease, unless our legislation
should be unaccountably extravagant."
The pension roll at the time this speech
was made carried but a trifle more than
$30,000,000, or less than one-sixth the
amount which it now carries. The ag
gregate is now f'200,000,000 annually.
That the roll is padded there can be but
COLFAX GAZETTE, COLFAX, WASHINGTON, JANUARY 27, 1911
Legislator Asked to R««ign.
Representative Johnson of Douglas
county has run into a snag while a
member of the legislature. The snag
that he has encountered is hie cooetitu
rate, who are indignant at the further i
attempt to divide Douglas county co as |
to create a new county, which Mr. John
eon ie aiding and abetting, contrary to >
pre-election pledgee. Grant county was j
carved out of Douglae county four years |
ago, which has a sparse population and j
a struggling county government.fijThis |
was done against the obvious wishes of
the people of Douglae county as a whole,
and this latest attempt to a.am divide
the county has kindled the fires of wrath
and indignation among the farmers and
taxpayers, and at a meeting held last
week they passed resolutions asking Mr.
Johnson to resign and advising him to
take the water route to reach his home
at Bridgeport on the Columbia river
rather than take chances of tar and
feathers if he should attempt the land
route. The resolutions were sent to
Olympia by a special messenger, iaelud
ing a protest against the division of
Douglas county, to be laid before the
The people of Douglas county] have
cause to feel indignant. The county has
too few people in it now to make a
county government without great bur
den to taxpayers. The excuse for divis
ion in this instance is to make Bridge
port a county seat and to create more
offices for hungry politicians.
Members of the legislature should not
consider for a moment the plea to create
a new county unless the proposition has
first bten submitted to all the people in
the district affected and been approved
by them. If this is a government of
the people, by the people and for the
people, no better example of it can be
made than to let them decide the matter
of creating new counties.
Recall of Courts.
A bill is in brew in Olympia providing
for the recall of judges, if their decisions
fail at any time to measure up to the
community sentiment. The measure
applies to the supreme judges as well as
to judges of lesser degree.
Add this to the measure that provides
that no judge, high or low, shall over
throw any legislative enactment, and
certainly there is enough to give the
honorable woolsack pause.
It is quite plain that, with these two
provisions on the statute books, there is
little use for the constitution. While we
are becoming elastic, why stop until the
very outposts of elasticity are reached?
Quite amusing it will be to watch us
when we shall have followdd our whims
to their uppermost. Public opinion
swinge this way and that. Infl-imed to
day over alleged wrongs, its radicalism
id not bounded by the sober judgments
of men gathering all the facts and weigh
ing consequences; tomorrow, cooled by
forgetfulness or the acquisition of knowl
edge, it assumes a directly opposite at
titude and is angry at itself.
Thus swings the pendulum from one
extreme to the other, and the courts
were established in the beginnings of
human institutions as refuge about
which the people might gather for the
safeguarding of their personal rights
and their property interests.
Perhaps it may be wiee to make the
courts subservient to fear and political
machinations; perhaps after all the agi
tator and office-seeker are greater than
the constitution. Such are the strange
times that seem to have come upon us.
Rosenhaupt's Pension Scheme.
The legislature should go slow on the
pension business. The proposition of
Senator Rosenhaupt of Spokane to
pension judees in the state who have
served 18 years on the bench and have
reached the age of 60 years on half pay
the rest of their lives is something to
think about, at least, it would seem
that men who occupy exalted positions,
living on the fat of the land and enjoy
ing good salaries of $4000 to $6000 a
year at the end of 18 years should be in
a position to retire without asking aid
from the state. Why pick out the judges
for this munificence? If the state has
money to throw to the dogs why not
give aid to the widows and orphans who
may be in need, or help aspiring, but
poor and honest, young men who desire
to secure a collegiate education? Think
over this suggestion, Mr. Riaenhaupt!
Trying to Save the Prairie Chicken.
The prairie chicken, one of the most
interesting, beautiful and valuable of all
our American game birds, is on the
verge of extermination. It is following
the wild pigeon into oblivion as rapidly
as that bird went in the 70V. The
prairie chicken is now practically extinct
in several western states where formerly
it was abundant, as for instance in
Illinois, lowa and Wisconsin. There are
not more than ten per cent of the num.
ber of these birds in any western state
that existei there 20 years ago.
The League of American Sportsmen,
with headquarters in New York, has
started a movement to nuve the prairie
chicken, or grouse, as it is sometimes
called. A bill has been drafted which the
League hopes to induce the legislatures
of the prairie states to pass in the near
future. This contemplates setting aside
a strip of territory six miles wide across
the north side of each county in each
state, to be designated and set apart as
"Bird Refugees." The bill further pro-
Is It High Cost of Liv
ing, or Is It Ex
By the Rev. FREDERICK LYNCH of New York.
eXCESSIVE luxury, extravagant expenditure on food and
drinks and dress have always been a sure sign of paganism.
WUen ancient Rome was most pagan she had the most
extravagant dinners and orgies. If luxury did not cause
her decline and degeneration it accompanied it LUXURY VXD
DEGENERATION HAVE ALWAYS GONE TOGETHER.
The high cost of living—isn't it EXTRAVAGAX< X '.
Many of us are worrying over the awful growth of shameful ex
travagance in New York. Some dinners given here during the Last
fifteen years equal anything give,, in ancient Rome. It has been no
uncommon thing to hear of DINNERS COSTING $20,000 OR
EVEN $40,000. A lesser horde of imitators of these so called society
people spend hundreds of thousands of dollars in gorging themselves
and their guests.
THOUSANDS ARE WASTED in rare flowers and entertainers
of a very ultra sort, often half naked dancer.-.
The extravagance of some weddings is becoming abominable.
AND SO THE BALL GOES ON, THE POOR SPENDING MOPE
THAN THEY HAYS IN A FEVER FOR THE DEBASED AND DE
GENERATE JOYS OF LIFE. AND MANY OF THESE PEOPLE ARE
MEMBERS OF CHRISTIAN CHURCHES.
All this is not only unutterably VULGAR, COARSE AND DIS
GUSTIXG, not only deadening the liner susceptibilities of many of
our people, not only TURNING US IX OUR QUEST FROM
IDEALS, LITERATURE AXD ART TO MINISTER TO THE
BELLY AXD JADED SEXSES, but it is absolutely un-Christian.
vides that it shall be unlawful to kill,
trap, snare, or in any manner injure
such prairie chickens or other useful wild
birds as may take refuge in the territory
ho designated. A fine not to exceed $50
for each offense is named for any person
who shall violate the provisions of the
The importance of this is brought
home to the countryman when it isstated
that the prairie chicken has been proven
to be a natural enemy of the potato
bug, and it is said that if the birds were
carefully preserved and were allowed to
exist in the great numbers of some years
ago, there would be no potato bugs,
grasshoppers or other pests in any state
in which the birds live.
They went to a swell restaurant
And ordered tender duck.
But when he went to carve the bird
He met with awful luck.
The oily duck slipped off the plate
And splashed into her lap.
The gravy bowl turned upside down
And covered her with pap.
But did that maiden jaw him good
And cry, "Oh, my in w dress!"
And drop him like a redhot cake
For making such a. mess?
Oh, no! She whispered: "Lovey dove,
Don't mind. That's nothing, dear.
Just move that screen a liule bit
So we can spoon in here."
They went into their dining room.
Where a fine feast was spread.
She took her place down at the foot,
While he sat at tiie head.
Again the duck skipped off the plate
Ami flew Into her lip.
Her Paris silk was all smeared up
With oily, juicy sap.
Then quick the table went slam, bang!
The dishes all broke up.
He lay beneath the whole shebang,
All smeared with red catchup.
And on the top there danced some one.
Is this that maiden sweet
Who called him lovey dove before,
But now kicks with both feet?
C. M. DARNITZ.
KURIOS FROM KORRESFONDENTS
Q. As a result of batching Brown
Leghorns I find most of my young
stock is about perfect in plumage and
head points, but their legs are green.
Does this disqualify them? Would you
breed from them? How do you ac
count for the leg color?
A. Yes; standard demands yellow.
We would not breed from them except
for utility. They seem to be crossed
Q. I am building a house IGO by 12
and ask your advice in regard to par
titions. Should they be wire or solid
and how runny?
A. You should put in two solid par
titions with doers. A house so long
without them would have drafts and
the body warmth of the fowls would
be too much dissipated. Divide the
rest of space with wire to suit needs.
Q. How may I keep Leghorns from
freezing their combs in a locality where
the temperature at night often drops to
30 degrees below?
A. You do not state size of your
house, as that has much to do with it.
Say your boose is •_'<> by 12. nine feet
high in front and seven in rear. By
bunching thirty to thirty-live on a roost
they would radiate enough body heat
to save their combs, though dirty drop
ping hoards with frozen tiltli or drafty
ventilation mighi offset the natural
h<'.-:t. },!;iiiy build a roosting closet or
closed roost, which when kept clean
and pr< perly ventilated is all (>. K.
Good 2 acre tract onp-half mile from
Colfax, fine house and barn, water in
house, plenty of fruit and berries, will
leawe by the year at ?20 per raoeth.
Also 6 room modern house, nicely fur
nished, close iD, at $25 per month.
G. W. Larue & Co.
a Humor and \
/) "By ©VAC AA M. SMITH \
rpHEIIE is lots of satisfaction in hav
ing something laid by for a rainy
day. but sometimes the cashier yeis
Loth the cash and the satisfaction.
Why do we always remember the
disagreeable job we have to do and
forget the one we really don't mind
It is easy enough to pick flaws in the
other fellow's work, but could you
do better yourself?
Some persons are good because they
are too lazy to bo bad.
A pen tie wo man may do as sh<
pleases—if she has the price.
Every mother knows one boy thai
wouldn't smoke cigarettes.
Figures don't lie. but they furnish
Nothing disgusts a man so much as
to tell the latest smart thing tli;;t
baby said to a bachelor friend and
have (lie same man come back with
a story about his cute little niece
Bachelors should be fair game.
If you don't expect too much in this
world you will save yourself a heap
To Make a Showing.
"This automobile seems to be a swell
machine, all right," said the man who
was looking it over and taking a sam
pie ride. "Could you let me take it a
week on trial?"
"That is against the rules," said the
"But 1 ought to have a few days to
see if I really like it."
"But why a weekV" asked the sales
"Well." replied the man in a burst
of confidence, "we are going to have
company for just that long."
State of Ohio, City of Toledo, )
Lucas County. ( 8S
Frank J. Cheney make* oath that he is
senior partner of the firm of F. J. Cheney &
Co , doing; business in the city of Toledo,
county and state aforeanid, and that said firm
will nay the sum of ONE HUNDRED DOL
LARS for each and every ca^e of catarrh that
cannot be cured by the us* of Hall's Catarrh
Cure. FRANK J. CHENEY.
Sworn to before me and pubecribed in my
presence, this 6th day of December A D
(Seal) A. W. GLEASON,
Hall s Catarrh Cure is taken internally, and
acts directly on the blood and mucus surfaces
of the system. Send for testimonials free
F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.
Sold by all druggists, 75c.
Notice of Dissolution.
Notice is hereby given that H. Wheel
house and E. W. Erwin, heretofore co
partners doing business m 'olfax, Wash.,
under the firm name of Wheelhouse &
Erwin, in the Model Grocery, in the
Pionper Block in said city of Colfax,
have this day dissolved said co partner
ship and said H. Wheelhouse this day
Said FT. Wheelhoune has sold and
transfprrpd all hie interest in paid co
pnrtn*»rnbip to Riiph H Erwin. nr^ the
paid E W. Ervrin and R<lph H Erwin
will continue said business under the
firm n«me Rnd style of Erwin & Son,
said Erwin & Son assuming all lawful
obligations of said Wheelhousf & Erwin
and owing all accounts, dues and debts
to said Wbeelhousp & Erw n.
Dated January 25th, 1911.
Signed. H. Wheelhouse, E. W. Erwin
R. H. Erwin.
Shirkey & Glaeer, graduate opticians.
The Farmers Sjatejank
OF COLFAX, WASHIWCTOM
Organized five years ago with a paid up capital of $60,000.
Now have a PAID UP CAPITAL of $100,000.00.
SURPLUS and UNDIVIDED PROFITS of more than
$80,000.00, and total resources of $475,000.00, to pro
tect our depositors.
We owe this rapid growth to our friends and patrons and
we assure you that we appreciate the business that you have
given us. Our highest aim is to merit your confidence.
' We do both SAVINGS and COMMERCIAL BANKING
and handle all business entrusted to us with care and prompt
ness. If such methods meet with your approval we solicit
1911 BANKING ACCOUNT —
We buy and sell Whitman County Warrants
THE PEOPLE'S BANK
P. B. STRAVENS, President W. R. ANDERSON, Cflshier
J. J. MILLER, Vice President S. H. HICKS, Aeet. Cashier
is your truest friend because
it never fails you. Give it
a chance to prove its friend
ship by trying a sack.
STATEMENT OF CONDITION OF
THE COLFAX NATIONAL BANK
In responce to call of Comptroller January 7, 1911
Loans, discounts and overdrafts * q fi .> 7 00 ft 9
LQited State*, bonds ' aon/.nfifm
Stock*, bonds and securities ??'££ XX
Furniture and fixtures i'?mml
Real estate M2S
Due from hnnkn $ 2(i(j 221 8r 0,48i.6G
Due from US. treasurer ....ZZZ.Z 10 000 00
Lash in vaults 65.961.19
LIABILITIES »M 65.68782
Surplus and protk* "Z^ * 200.000 00
National bank notes 100,184 50
Deposits 200.000 00
NEW YEARS-GREETING FROM
First Savings & Trust Bank
OF WHITMAN COUNTY
STATEMENT JANUARY I, I9||.
First Mortgage Loans ■ „„„,„
Loans on other Security *14b,H2.00
Stocks, Bonds and Warrants". '.." ' "" llf^'-l
Bank Building and Furniture ,l' rnnnn
Cash and due fro a Banks [[-[i: «jg»
Capital stock paid up
Surplus earned . $ 50,000.00
Undivided profits 15,000.00
Interest paid on savings' accounts 31i PeF