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THE COLPAX GAZETTE Bramwf.ix Bros., Pcblishkbs Offioe in Pion«er Rlook. Telephone Main 141 BnW.lished in 1877. Entered at the Coif ax pt*atoff\oe us necord clww mail matter. HII—WIIIW KATES. IN ADVANCE: ONE YEAR, 51.50 SIX MONTHS, 7?>c 1 T A M ** this or Borae earlier date a PPearß 1 JAIN IJ OQ your addreag tag you are there by notified that the time for which your sub scription wm paid baa expired, and renewal ia •oiicite'. Official Paver of the City of Colfax. 0.-W. RAN. TIME UARD. To Spokane .8:15 am. 10:30 am. 2:10 p.m. To Fendleton 10: loam. 7:20 pin. To Tortlaiid ... 12:10 a.m. Kroui Moscow. 9:55 a.m. fi:ls p.m. To M'ipciw 10:45 a.m. 7:'isp.m. S. & I. TIME CARD. Lv. Col fax «-10 a.m. 12:10 p.m. 4:05 p.m. Ar. Co'fi»x. 10:»5a.ai. 3:35 p.m. 9:05 p.m. CIVIC IMPROVEMENT. Now ie the time to plan for civic im provement in Colfax, that the work may be carried to completion when the pprina; and summer seasons arrive. Mayor Weinberji intimated as much at the last meeting of the city council, but the mat ter cannot be mentioned too frequently or discussed too earnestly. As most readers of The Gez?tte know, Colfax was hard hit by the disastrous flood which reached its climax on the Ist of last March. The wreck and ruin left on every side cannot be fully realized except by those who saw it. Private property wrecked and washed to df- Btruction, all basements and cellars filled with slickens, nearly all bridges carried from their moorings, the princi pal streets left in an impassable condi tion, is a brief resume of the condition the flood waters left us. There was no repining, however, over losses, or hag gling over trifles by our citizens of what should or should not be done, but hun dreds, even before the waters had spent their force, went to work providing tem porary means for crossing and recross ing the river, pulling out bridge timbers and broken pieces of bouses that blocked the stream, repairing the streets for emergency use, and doing divers and sundry things necessary to make the city habitable, which took days of diligent labor to accomplish. And where the citizens, with the aid and assistance of the mayor and council, left off, the city government took up the work and a great deal has been done during the 11 months (nearly) intervening in restoring the city to the condition it was in before the flood. It was not expected that full restoration could be made in so short a time, that something must be left to the future. What The Gazette wishes to empha size at this time is to carry out the re mark made by Mayor Weinberg, quoted above, to plan now so as to be ready for active work later in the Beason when rehabilitation can go on with more cer tainty and at less expense than now. Lower Main street is still in wretched condition and work on it, when spring opens, should not let up a moment until it is fully restored from end to end. From Island street north Main street is impassable to near the 0.-W. R. & N Co. passenger depot, travel reaching the de pot by a detour through Mill street. This is both awkward and unsightly. To the eyes of the stranger it looks bad and to the citizen it is an eyesore. Main street should be a perfect thoroughfare from end to end before the ides of next November, as we know it can and believe it will be. Then the situation in and around the Inland depot should be redeemed from the unsightly condition it is in. Work has been started there, but the city and the railway company should come to a perfict understanding and complete the work begun.it being contiguous to and part of the improvement of lower Main street. Papeenirers getting off trains on the Inland at the temporary depot see the city at its worst. It is an abomi nation that should not continue much longer. And we do not bnlieve it will. It was planned at one time to regrade and macadamize Mill street, but beyond surveys and lading down a few concrete sidewalks nothing has been done. That work should be taken up again and brought to eompletioii. Property holders on that Btreet, at least a majority of them, favor the work and will aid in its completion. Let ue all boost for civic improvement. NO THRUST INTENDED. In an editorial lant week The Gazette made reference to the enormous sums of money now being distributed by the pension department of this government, and to that statement gome of the local Urand Army men have taken exception, thinking it was intended as a thrust at their organization. We want to assure those grand old men that that is the most distant thought this paper would have—as it holds in too high esteem the noble acts performed by the members of that organization in their work of as *»i«ting to maintain the unity of our great country in the days when men's souls were tried, and looks ujon the pension of the true soldier as only a small recompense for the hardships en dured by those men, and feels that the most they can possibly get would not reward them for their valiant acts. But what The Gaztte did mean was that the bureau of pensions should see that only those to whom reward was due should benefit by the pension appropriations. The remnant of the Grand Army is com COLFAX GAZETTE, COLFAX, WASHINGTON, FEBRUARY 3, 1911. posed of men who are the salt of the earth—and The Gaz'tte with hundreds of thousands of others is more than anxious that they should receive all the reward and honor that it is possible for the government to bestow upon them. The banking bill before the legislature will, if passed, ultimately drive the small banks out of businesn; that is, those that have a capitalization of less than $25,000. Those having a less capital ization than the above amount now do ing business cannot, of course, be inter fered with. Four banks in Whitman county, each with a capitalization of $10,000, are doing bu<-iness in small communities and are filling a needed want. The pending bill before the legis lature is understood to have been drafted by State Bank Examiner Mohundro, who did not forget to incorporate in the bill a raise in his salary from $3600 to $5000 a year, and of his two deputies from $3400 to |3600 a year. It is as good as settled that San Francisco w.ll have the Pauama Canal exposition in 1915 The house of repre sentatives at Washington, 1) C, Wednes day, by 259 to 4*3, voted in favor of San Francisco as against New Orleans, and it is altogether probable that the senate will not upset this lar^e majority of the house. San Francisco and Cali fornia ask no financial aid from the national government. The resolution adopted simply authorizes the president to invite foreign nations to participate in the glorious event. San Francisco and California have pledged $17,000,000 for the fair, with more to come if neces sary. Now for the big event! The number of propositions to create new counties now before the legislature is getting to be something of a joke. It is proposed to make three dinky counties out of Okanogan, to again divide Doug las county and to carve Pend d'Oreille county out of Stevens. The latest spasm in ihe county division line is to create a new county in the southeastern portion of Adams county, taking in portions of Franklin and Whitman, with Washtucna as a county seat. What they propose to call this latest freak we are not told. There is about as much need for a new county in the territory named as a wagon has for the fifth wheel. Howard Elliott, president of the Northern Pacific Railway, very forcibly points out the distinction between a "booster" and a "boomer." Accordiug to his version the booster is the man who exploits a meritorious proposition, one which will make good; while the boomer is not so particular about the thing he promotes. In other words, the boomer is primarily interested in present gain, while the booster is look ing ahead for future results. What the Pacific Northwest needs is the booster, and what we should specifically try to avoid is too much booming It usually acts as a boomerang. From Olympia we are told that the senate committee on constitutional re vision will next week take up a bill in troduced by Senator Huxtable of Spo kane county providing that members of the legislature shall receive $1000 for the GO days' session, instead of $5 a day as now prevails. The dispatch fur ther says that while many legislators would like to increase their pay $700 still the fear of facing their constituents for re-election will probably deter them from adopting the proposed amendment. By resolution the Seattle Chamber of Commerce has gone on record as seeing no reason for removing the state capital from Olympia. All sides of the question were considered before the action was taken. It is held that the state's finan ces are not in such shape as to warrant consideration of the matter. Further more, it would be a violation of the economy program to abandon the re sults of the $800,000 already spent for capital purposes in Olympia. A bill is before the legislature requiring six years' practice at law in the state of Washington before a man can become eligible to election as superior or supreme court judge. At present the statute does not even prescribe that a superior court judge must be an attorney. Another qualification should be that the candi date is possessed of good common sense, without having bis head full of legal quips aod technicalities. From all reports the path of the work ingman in the Northwest is not strewn with roses. At the tunnel work near Rosalia on the Chicago, Milwaukee & Puget Sound railway men are being turned away every day in squads seek ing work at $ 1 50 a day and board themselves. These conditions are mat ters that the wise should study. The legislature should pass a bill mak ing it unlawful to hunt deer with hounds, and then the proper officials should see that the law in strictly enforced. Either that or we will soon havf no deer. Evi dence multiplies of the cruel slaughter of deer every season by the bounding pro cess and the wanton wante that follows. It is not sport, it is barbarity. It looks like an etvly spring with favorable weather conditions for crops of all kinds. Fall sown wheat looks well, presaging a heavy crop. As a prize winner San Francisco is a success. All hands make ready for 1915 We Are Passing Into Higher Form of Marriage. By Professor CHARLES A. ELLWOOD of the University of Missouri. "^fJT H E ARE PASSING TO A NEW AND HIGHER FORM OF MM MARRIAGE, A MARRIAGE WHICH WILL BE DEMOCRATIC AND WHICH WILL BE RULED 3Y LOVE RATHER THAN FEAR. IN WHICH THE RIGHTS OF THE WIFE WILL EQUAL THOSE OF THE HUSBAND. The increasing number of divorces has shown that marriage has. CEASED TO BE REGARDED WITH REVERENCE and that it indicates c-hanges in the marriage relation. In the nvx relations which are to come marriage MUST BE MORE ETHICAL. The child will be exalted more. The family must exist for the right of the offspring and for the interest of the race, for the production of men and women of a higher type. That question i.s of MORE IMPORTANCE TO SOCIETY THAN STATESMAN SHIP OR FINANCE. The family is no accident. It was not invented by some wise old ape in the days when the race was young. Monogamy is practiced by the higher animals and has proved to be the highest form of the fam ily. Even in those countries where polygamy is encouraged monog amy predominates. All other forms have been tried over and over. The institution of the family rests on the PARENTAL INSTINCT, deeper than any law or custom, and on the XXXi) OF THE CHILD FOR PROTECTION AND TRAINING. JUDICIAL WRATH. It was proposed in the senate yester day to make it a "gross misdemeanor" for a police judge or a justice of the peace to use "unfit, unseemly or im proper language" in the hearing of a case, and the sentimental Mr. Rosen haupt of Spokane mentioned the horrible instance of his having heard a police judge call a prisoner a "whelp." Not having all the facts before us, we are un able to say whether the prisoner at bar deserved it or not. I'robabiy he did. The tenderhparted Spokane man also complained that he had once heard a police judge tell a prisoner that he ought to Dave a "black snake whip wrapped around him." No doubt that fellow was a wifi-beater and deserved not only the wish but the reality. The senate, after pro ing and con-ing the problem for a time, amended by re moving the word "gross," then passed the bill, and hereafter, the house willing, minor judges must keep open before them the new book of etiquette. Prob ably no harm is done, but now and then a grilling from the bench in perfectly understandable English is good for a malefactor. The interesting end of this matter is that, though it was suggested that the measure ought to be broadened to in clude lawyers, this much-needed step was not taken. Thus it still remains per fectly legal in this state, as it is in all the other enlightened commonwealths, for some attorneys to libel litigants to the limits of their vocabularies, to browbeat witnesses, with the most insulting lan guage, and, at the end, "argue" their cases by adding slander ad libitum. The fairest citizen of the community may be ridiculed beyond all reason and called many kinds of a liar if bis testimony does not happen to coincide with the . wishes of the attorney for the opposing side. Many are the men who have dodged their duty by telling only a hat! truth, believing that the whole truth would draw down upon them the un righteous wrath of the opposing attor ney.— Tacoma News. Not His Fault. A doctor was summoned to attend the miller's little boy. He wrote out :i prescription, which was promptly made up and administered in due form. The next day he called again to see his patient and found the whole family in tears. "Alas." said the mother, "I shouldn't have thought that niy poor child would have died of the measles!" '"What!" exclaimed the doctor. "He had the measles, and you never told me?"— Paris Journal. The Soft Answer. Irritated Frenchman (to Yankee, who had taken him for a waiter)— Sir-r, you have gr-r-rossly insulted me. There is my card. My seconds Till vait upon you. sir-r. Yankee —Never mind your seconds. Prenchy. You can wait upon me just as well. Pass me the sauce, and be quick about it. Shopping by Mail. Not lonjr ago in a iittle town in one of tin* prohibition states a young man entered the postofflce and asked the postmaster for a postofflce order. '"Fur bow much?" asked the post master. "Two gallons." was the prompt re ply.—National .Mont lily. A Real Surprise. Mamma—And you say your Uncle Titewad gave you a penny. Tommie! Tommie—Yes. ma'am. Mamma—And what did you say? Tommie—l wa-- so surprised I couldn't say anything mamma.—Yonkers Statesman. Life, that ever needs forgiveness, has, for its first duty, to forgive.—Bul wer Lytton. Shirkey dfc Glaeer, graduate opticians. Women on Warships. In the British navy of Nelson's day it was not uncommon for wives to live aboard men-o'-war with their sailor husbands. Scarce one of England's "walls of oak" in Nelson's time but had some woman aboard who braved the perils and hardships of the sea In order to be with her husband. In nearly every one of the twenty-seven line of battleships under Nelson's command In the great battle of Traf algar wa»s one or more women, wives of sailors. Surprise may be expressed that English men-of-war's men were permitted to have their wives aboard. It was only by special permission of the admiralty that this could be done— and thon permission was granted somewhat in the light of a penance for sanctioning the press gang system, which was largely in vogue at that time. Men were seized in the streets and other public places and compelled to serve in British warships because "the king needed men." Some of the men thus seized bad political influence andi being unjustly compelled to serve in the navy, were permitted to have their wives share their involuntary servitude. A Mean Advantage. In a breach of promise <'aso the bar rister who held the brief for injured beauty arranged that his fair client should be so placed that her charms should be well under the observation of the jury. He began a most pathetic appeal by directing their at lent ion to her beauty and calling for justice upon the head of him who could wound the heart and betray the confidence of one so fair, concluding with a peroration of such pathos as to melt the court to tears. The counsel for the de fendant then rose, and after paying the lady the compliment of admitting that it was impossible not to assent to the encomiums lavished upon her face he added that nevertheless he felt bound to ask the jury not to for get that she wore a wooden leg. Then he sat down. The important fact of which the fair plaintiffs counsel was unaware was presently established, and the jury, feeling rather sheepish at their tears, assessed damages at the smallest amount. The American Baby. The American baity has a fine, strong ancestry. The young men of England who were impatient of reli gions restraint and of physical oppres sion; the young men of Germany touched with the dream of democracy; the pick of northern Europe, the strong, the fair, the self reliant, the conscientious English at bottom, but with a dash of the best blood of other races—this is the American baby, and no king and no lord ever had a better heritage. Take it as it goes, in Mas sachusetts, in Ohio, in Michigan, in Washington, in California, the average American baby has in its veins more of the blood of the Plantagenets than any king now living has. It was his fortune to have come from the daugh ter lines and the lines of the younger sons, not from the elder son. whom British custom has marked for the aristocrat.—David Starr Jordan. Catarrh Cannot be Cured with LOCAL APPLICATIONS, as they cannot reach the seat of the disease. Catarrh is a blood or constitutional disease, and in order to cure it you must take internal remedies. Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken in ternally, and acts directly on the blood and -.nucous surfaces. Hall's Catarrh Cure is not quack medicine. It was prescribed by one of the best physicians in the country for years and is a regular prescription. It is composed of the best tonics known, combined with the best blood purifiers, acting directly on the mucous surface. The perfect combination of the two ingredients is what produces such wonderful results in curing Catarrh. Send for testimonials free F. J. CHENEY & CO , Props., Toledo, O. Sold by Druggists, price 7oc. Take Hall's Family Pills for constipation. Baled Straw for Sate. Ninety ton* of baled etraw offered for Bale. Inquire at Hamilton Drug Co. Regulates the bowels, promotes easy, natural movements, cures coantipation —Doan'e Reeulets. Ask your druggist for them. 25c ajbox. NEW YEARS' GREETING FROM First Savings & Trust Bank OF WHITMAN COUNTY STATEMENT JANUARY 1,1911. RESOURCES First Mortgage Loans $146,11 2.50 Loans on other Security 97,905.<» l Stocks, Bonds and Warrants 35,318.57 Bank Building and Furniture 13,000.00 Cash and due from Banks 95,667.02 $388,003.70 LIABILITIES Capital stock paid up $ 50,000.00 Surplus earned 15,000.00 Undivided profits 17,17^.37 DEPOSITS $305,827.33 $388,003.70 Reserve 31 j per cent Interest paid on savings accounts to $46,352.67 The Farmers State Bank OF COLFAX, WASHINCTON Organized five years ago with a paid up capital of $60,000. Now have a PAID UP CAPITAL of $100,000.00. SURPLUS and UNDIVIDED PROFITS of more than $30,000.00, and total resources of $475,000.00, to pro tect our depositors. We owe this rapid growth to our friends and patrons and we assure you that we appreciate the business that you have given us. Our highest aim is to merit your confidence. We do both SAVINGS and COMMERCIAL BANKING and handle all business entrusted to us with care and prompt ness. If such methods meet with your approval we solicit your 1911 BANKING ACCOUNT We buy and sell Whitman County Warrants THE PEOPLE'S BANK -OFFICERS- P. B. STRA VEINS, President W. R. ANDERSON. Cfsbier J. J. MILLER, Vice President S. H. HICKS, Anet. Caflhier Pomeroy Flour is your truest friend because it never fails you. Give it a chance to prove its friend ship by trying a sack. Your Grocer Sells It STATEMENT OF CONDITION OF • THE COLPAX NATIONAL BANK lv respouce to call of Comptroller January 7, ion RESOURCES Loans, discounts and overdrafts . QftQ 70 0 m United States bonds ♦ 963.7.^8.62 Stocks, bonds and securities....!! 200,000.00 Furniture and fixtures 11,028.00 Real estate ZZZZZZ 4,700.00 Due from banks V...........^ 2< 6.221 85 3.4^7 60 Due from U. 8. treasurer 10 00Q 00 Cash in vaults [[[ 65,961 19 282 J 88.04 LIABILITIES 11,466.687 83 Capital stock Surplus and pro fit5...V.7.7.7.V.'.'.'.'."' * 200.000 00 National bank notes 100,184 50 Deposits 200.000 00 965.452.89 11,466,687 S3 .0r,h.,. l e ltn ard l ., 8 0, kpo-i^^Ti^ KSuSi'"'— Subsoriloe for Magazines and other Periodicals tarouffli Gazette OluTj List and save money.