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Pullman herald. (Pullman, W.T. [Wash.]) 1888-1989, December 01, 1888, Image 3

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88085488/1888-12-01/ed-1/seq-3/

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Pullman Herald.
PULLMAN, - , - W. T.
The report that over 80,000
Knights of Labor throughout the
country have left the order during the j
past twelve month calls into p o- j
priateiH-s the old proverb, "United j
lyitini. fi"Hrf) we fall." I
We [have the greatest Dumber of
miles of railroad track of any country
in the world, but the Argentine Re- ;
public can beat us and every one else I
for taking theirs straight. On the j
road from Buenos Ayres to the foot>
of the Andes is a retch ol 311 miles j
»vithe'it a curve.
Canada, with a debt relatively a
dozen times as large as the United
States, proposes to spend $220,000 a
year, to which Great Biitain adds
$80,000 more, to keep three steamers
afloat on the Pacific, aiding the Cana
dian Pacific to take the through trade
of American lines.
The greatest national debt among
the nations of the ulobe is borne by
France. It is about $0,250,000,000.
Russia comes next, with $3,000,000,
--000; then England, with $3,560,000,
--000; Austro-Hunaary, with $2,485,
--000,000; Italy, with $2,225,000,000;
Spain, with $1,207,500,000; and
Prussia, with $1,000,000,000
Floor is cheaper and bread dearer
in the great cities of the l.'nite'l States
than in any other civilized country,
for while :i loaf weighing a jicuml
costs Frora four to seven cents in our
cities, according to its quality, in Eng
land a pound loaf costs a penny, or
half as much, although wheat is gen
erally, and Hour always, dearer there.
During the Tokio earthquakeof 1
SO, cats inside ;i house ran about try
ing to escape, foxes barked, and
horses tried to kick down the board*
confining them to their stables. There
can, therefore, be no doubt Ihat ani
le i ow something unusual and
terrifying i-5 taking place.
American exports of apples are >
very larcely in excess of tlioso at '
this time a year ago. The price also j
is belter than then. We have this'
year a lan? ■ crop of apples, while that |
of England is deficient. It is cratify
in to know that our fruit prow( ra are •
iiot generally holding their crop for
higher prices. The apple is a perisha
ble fruit unless ice cold storage is pro
am d.
The West haa this year a creal a I !
"~Ya"rK-*L'.e of the East in butter produc- i
tion, consequent on its large corn j
crop. Where the Western farmer has
provided himself with improved dairy
stock his cheap corn will enable him
ro make butter in competition vith j
all the world. Last year's poor corn
crop put cows in poor condition in
the Spring, and has thus lessened the
profits of the dairy all the season.
It is hop°d that the liberal rieople
of the country will uot withhold the
ace needed by the communities
nit orecently Feverutricken districts
of in.' Soul li. Th i lias, to be
euro, run it - cot rs , bul great need ol
all the necessaries of Wit .-till e\i>t.
Th« (]eatl>3 number about one io ten
o; the total numuer of cases, but the
disastrous to the ci
and to business is fuliy as great as
thoDKl) the '■•■ ■ lis were much larger.
The men and women oi the nation
did nobly in the hour os . re it< Rt bodi
ly need, bul now hunger starts those
communities in the face and nothing
can prevent doli Ful results out a
era) assistance from people who have
net been so sorely afflict cd.
Urit i>h iron produ< I ion for ttu.' !ii st
six months oi the current year was
suntained by exports and made an
adrancei . far in advance oi
the United States. In 1887 the pro
duction of ;'. in this country was
0,417,148 tons and in Great Britiau
7,441,927, an excess of L.024,779
tons. In the first six months ol this
year, how< En^ii^h production
ha !>••>: O2 I 04, or 018.0QO tons
a^ovetliat in this country, an excess
nearly equal to that tor the entire
year b< ore. English stocks slightly
diminished in the ball year, l>nt it
closed with eighteen weeks' supply on
hand, or about five times the relative
surplus carried here. While English
exports to this country greatly fell oil
in the last, half year, those to other
nations increased, particularly is
steel rails. Asa result Bessemer in
gots and rails increased 10 per cent
" anil open-h steel ingots 50 per
cent over the same months in the
' previous year. Taken as a whole the
half year was more profitable there
than here.
Remarkable Escape.
Capt. Staples, o! the steamer Gussie,
from UlueiieKJs, reports at New Crlenns
that on Oct. 80,85 mile* south of Cape
Gracias and 2;". miles from land, he picked
up the dory of the schooner CaWwell, of
New York, containing five of the crew unri
four p;i--. :i_ i-. 'lie dory wa* leaking
> badly. Dipt. Stapled t ><ik" them all on
board and landed come at Cane Gracing.
The Schoonerw«s bound trom St. Andrews
island to Old Providence inland, with -'-i
passenger*. She Bpmnc a leak un<l sunk
HS miles north»e-t o! Old Providence.
The dory lett the wreck without wiiteror
food, lea via: 10 men, women and children
clinsin; to the schooner's two booms,
which «'i re lashed together. When picked
up the nine men bad bet- in the dory HO
hours. The weather was squally.
The Husband's Present.
It was a bitter cold night on tbe twenty
fourth of December. The snow lay deep up
on tho fiozjn earth, and the blight moon,
riding balf-way up the heavens, lent a crys
talline lustro to tlie scene. In the high road,
a fborc distance from a quiet,reposing village
stood the form of a Immau being. His gar
ments nere scant and tattered, by far insuf
ficient, to Iceepout the biting frost; his frame
shook on 1 trembled like the ice bound boughs
of tbe weeping w ilioiv that grew near him,
and his. face, us tho moonbeams now danced
upon it, exhibited ail the fearful foot prints
of the demon Intemperance. Poor, wretched,
debased, be looked, and such, iv truth, be
Before him, at the end of v nealir fenced
and trelliscd enclosure,stood n Miiall cottage.
It was elegant In Its simple neatness snd just
such a one the humble lover of the true com
fort and pv would seek for a home. The
tears rolled down tho bloated cheek cf the
ite as he gaze 1 up ■ i tbe cottage, and
at length, as he claspsd his hands Iv usouy,
he murmured:
"Oh, tiiou fond home of m; happier days,
thou lookesl like a beaven of the past B, I
nealb thj rool i was married to the Uol of
my* soul, and within thy peaceful walls, God
pave to me two blessed children. My wife—
God bless her gentle soul—was happy then,
and mv children—may heaveu protect them—
laughed and played in gieesoma pleasure.
Qluduess smiled upon us then,and every hour
was n season of bJ i lost ttee, as the
fool loseth his owu salvation ! Six years have
passed s:nce the demua that I tools to my
heart drove us from your sheltering root
And those six yeai I Oh, what misery, what
agony, what sorrows, ;:u I what degredallon,
have they not brought lo me cud m> poor
family! Home, health, wealth,peace,joy,aod
friends are gone—ail, all gone I Oh, thou
fatal cup—no, I will not blame thai It was
I, I who did it! I'ear after year, ] tampered
with thy deadly sting, when 1 knew that
ile.ilii and destruction lurked In thy smiles.
BuV'aud tho poor man raised his eyes to
beaven as be spoke, ''there Is room o;i earth
for another mau—m.' . \at mead"
Within tha only npartment of a miserable
and almost broken down hovel, sat a woman
and two children—a boy and :i girL The cold
w.nd found its entrance through ■ ban
crevices, and us its biting gusts swept through
the room, the mother and Uer children
crouched nearer to t c fe« ■' Ing cml : - tbat
siiil smouldered opon the hearth. Tbe only
furniture were four poor slools, a rickety
table, and a Beam I b I; ivhile in
one corner, nearest the fire-place, was a lieap
of straw :mi 1 t tiered bli Dkets, wbicb c
and the full moon was rising over mo tree
tops. Then the world was full of i llss, but
alas! what bad it been sine??
A faint hope, like the misty vapor of op
proaching morn, fliUrd before i.. heart
broken w.fe. Cut siie could tot prnsp It—
tlie had no foundation for It; a:. !■-..; a deep
moan she let the phantom pass. She went io
her children and drew the clothes more closely
about hem; [lien she knelt by their side, and
alter !i»! r.ut'nn upon their cheeks a mother'a
kits, and uttering a fervent prayer In their
beba f, she Bought the repose of her pillow
Long ere the morning dawned, Thomas
WilUins arose from is bed, dr! ?se ! himself,
an i left the bouse, liis lor wife awoke just
as he was {jo:nir it, and sba would have
called to him. but she dared not Sbe would
have told him th:it she had no fuel, do bread
not anything with which to warm and feed
the children; but be was gone, and she sauk
back upon her pillow and wept.
'lh; lUxbtof morning; came at length, but
Mrs. Wilkina haJ not risen from her be ! nor
bad the children crawled from their restive
place. A sound of footsteps was heard from
without, accompanied by a noise, as though
a light tied were bclne dragsred through the
snow. The floor opened and her husband
entered. lie laid upon tbe table a heavy
wheati n loaf, a small pail, and a paper bun
dle; then from his pocket bo took another
paper parcel, :mJ again he tamed towa:ds
the di or. When next be entered he lore on
bis anus a load of wood; and tlin timi'S did
he po out and return with a loud of the same
description. Then be bent over the fire place,
and so in a blaEins ttro snapoe I and sparkled
on tlie lienrth. A* ion rs this was nccom
pilshed, Thomas W ll> ns lent over his chil
dren and kissed them; then lie went to Hie
bedside of his wife, and, while some power
fill emotion stirred u;i lilS'Soul an 1 made his
chest bcij-*,-^'.c mure 1:
.—'"iTss in., L zx o."
Tightly that wile wound her » m- nboat the
neck of her husband, an : as Ihou^li the love
of rears were centered in that one kiss, ehe
pres.-ed it U] iv his lip*.
'■There—no more,'' he muttered, as heccn-
Uy laid the arm of bis w:fe from 1> a neck;
'thife Iblnpa I have bnracbt are for yea and
the chi:dreu;" i'ud aa bespoke he left the
Mrs. Wi'kina aio-e from her bed, a.i-1 tre -
blini;!y sb.a txamlnsd t!ia article* upon the
table. S!iO found the loaf, and iv tLe pail
she found found milk: one o' the; paper! con
tained two smaller buudles-^-ono of tea, and
one of sugar, while iv the remaining parcel
she ton a nice lump of batter.
'•Oil," murmured the poor • Ife no 1 mother,
as the gsz'd u;ou the food thus spread out
before her, "whence came these) Cm It be
that Thomas has itoliit tlieml No, he never
did thai! And then that look I that kiss I —
those ktud. sweet, sweet words! Ob, my
poor, poor heart, raise not n hope that may
only fall an I crush tbee!"
"Mother," at this moment ipoke her son,
who bad laised himself upon his elbow, "is
our fattier gone'"
"Yes, Charles."
'"Ob, tell me, motlier — did he not rome and
kiss me and little A. v tbls moraine}"
"Yes, ye.i— did, lie did!" cned the moth
er, us she flew to the side of her bay and
wound her arms about him.
«'Ar4 mother," said the Child, in low, trem
bllnjr accent, while lie turned a tearful lcok
to his parent's face, "will not father be good
to us once more?'
The mother could not speak—she could
only press her children more fondly to her
bosom, and weep a mother's tears upon them.
Wa» L zz'e WUkIM happy as she sat her
children down to tbat inominsr's meal I At
least, a ray of sunshine was struggling to
{rain entrance to her bosom.
Towards tbe middle of the afternoon, Mr.
Abel Walker, a retired eea captain of some
wealth, sat in his comfortable parlor encased
in reading, when one of his servants Inform-
cd him tbat some one at the door wished to
see him.
'"Tell him to come in, then," returned
"But it's that miserable Wilicins, sir."
"Never mind," said tbe captain,after a mo
ment's hesitation, "show him iv. Poor fel
low," he continued, after the servant haJ
Cone, "1 wonder what ho wants. In truth I
With trembling §tcp and downcast look,
Thomas Wilklna entered Captain Walker's
"Ah, Wilkins," said the oil c.antaiu, "what
has hiou^bt jouberei"
The poor man twice attempted to speak,
but his heart tailed him
•]> > you come for charity ? '
"No, sir," qalckly returned Wilklna, while
.■3 gleamed with v proud light.
"Tueu sit down acd oat with it," said
Walker, iv a biunt but kind tone.
"Captain Walker." commenced the poor
man, as be took the proffered seat, "I have
come to ask you if you still own that little
cottage beyond the hill."
"I do."
"And it U occupied?"
l'ls it engaged?"
'■.No returned the captain, roeanlini: Ills
visitor with uncommon Interest. "But why
do you ask?"
"Captain Walker," said Wilklna, In a firm
and manly tone, evju thouih his eyes glis
tened and his lips quivered, "I have been
poor and degraded, deeply steeped in the
dregs of poverty and disgrace. Everything
Unit made life valuable, I have almost lost.
My wife an 1 children Lave suffered—and ob,
God only lu;ows how keenly! I have long
wandered In tbe path sin. One alter an
otlier the tender cords of friendship that used
to bind me to the world have snapped in
sunder; my name has become a byword, and
upon the earth I have been but a foul blot
But, sir, from henceforth, I am a ma i! Dp
from the depth of its long grave I have
dragged forth my heart, and love still has its
home there 1 have sworn to touch the
fatal cup no more; and id but heart there is no
lie! My wife and mv children shall suffer no
• : ...- for the Sins they never committed. 1
have seen my "11 employer at the machine
shop, and he has given me a situation, and is
even nnx'ou* that I should come back; mid,
3;r, lie has even been kind enough to (jive me
.in order in advance for necessary articles of
clothing, food, and furniture. To-morrow
nio» I commence woii:."
"And you came to see II you could obtain
your cottage back again to lire In?" saM
Capf. Walker, as Wllklns hesitated.
"Yes, sir—lo see if 1 couiil hire It of you,"
returned the poor man.
"Wilkin?, how much can you make at your
business?" bluntly asked the old captain,
.Ihout seeming to heed the request
".My employer is noii>g to put me on to job
work, sir; and as soon as I get my hand iv, I
can easily make from twelve to inn icon dol
lars a week."
'And how much will '.'. take to support
your family ?"
'•As 60011 us i cet cleared up, I can easily
gel along with five or six dollars a week."
"Then you mi^ht be nble to save about
four hundred dollars a year "
"I mean to dc tbar, sir."
A tew moments dipt Walker <razed Into
be face of his visitor, and then he asked:
"Have you pledged yourself yet!"
"Before God and In my heart, I have; but
me of my errands here was to get you to
>vrittt me a pledge, an 3 have It made to ray
wifiyaud children."
Captain Walker sat down to his table an I
ro'.e out the required pledge, and then, la a
trembling, but bold hand, Thomas Wllklns
Bl^neJ it.
"Wilkins," said the old man, as lie took his
visitor by the band, 'I have watched well
your countenance, and weighed your words.
i know you spea'i truth. Wbeu I bought that
cottage from your creditors six yean ago I
]-ail them oue thousand dollars for ir. it has
uot been harmed, and it Is as good as It was
I tiieu. Most of the time 1 have received good
rent for it. Now, sir, you 6ha!l have It for
just v.hat I paid for It, and cacb mouth you
shall pay mo such a sum as you can comfort
ably spare until It 13 ail paid. I will ask you
for po rent, nor lor a cent of Interest. You
shall have a deed of the estate, and In return
I will take but a single note and mortgage,
upon which you on have your own me."
Thomas Wilklns tried to thank the old man
or his kindness, ■ ■:■ be only sink back into
hi-: chair, and wept like a eh 1.1; and nhile he
yet sat with his face burii d in his hands, the
old man slipped from the room. And when
at Ifnuih he returned, lie bra in his hand a
neatly covered basket.
"Come, come," thß captain exclaimed,
"cheer up, my frion i. Here are s >me tidbits
for four wife and elill Irea—take them home;
and believe me, Wilklns, if you feel half as
happy iv receivinii my favor as I do in be
stowing it, you are happy indeel."
• 0 Gol!— Go! will bless you for this, sir!"
exclaimed the kindness-stricken man; "and
if 1 betray your cotifl lence, may I die on the
"Stick to your pledge, Wilkina, and I will
take care of the rest," said the oli captain,
as his friend tool; the basket "If you have
time tomorrow, call on in\ and 1 will ar
range the papers."
As Thomas Wilkins once more entered the
street h 6 tread was ll:_'ht and er ; »y. A bright
li^ht of jo.ousoefs 6hone in every feature,
and as he wended his way hom.-w.ird, be felt
in every avenue of his soul that lie was once
more a man/
The gloomy shades that ushered la the
niiht of the thirty tlr*t of Dccainbx hal fal
len over the snow-c!:id earth. With the mis
erable dwelling of Mrs. Wilkena there wa3
| more of comfort than we found when first we
' vl9ited her, but yet nothing ha i been aid.."d
i to the furniture of the place. For the last
I six days her husband had come home every
i evenln;r,aod gone away before daylight every
m ■■■:!,_-. and during; that time she knew that
Ibe had drank no iiitox c .tin,' beverage, for
already had hi 3 fac<; begun to assume the
! stam:>of Its former manhood, and every word
that h(?had spoken bad been kind anl affec
i tionate. To L.is children he had brought new
shoes and warmer clothing, and to herself he
hud .'■•■ in such thin?* as she stood In Imme
diate need of; but vet, with all th*, lie had
been taciturn an 1 tliri.'hrul, sh owing a dis
. ii:;e of all questions, an 1 only speaking words
as ere necessary. The poor, devoted, loving
wife began to hox! And why should else not!
For sis years her husbiu iln 1 can thus be
fore One week ago she dreaded his approach;
but now she found herself w;iit m lor him
i with all the am etv of former years. Should
I all tbiJ be broken! Should this new charm
be swept away I Eight o'clock cime, and so
did uiue and lea, and yet her husband came
"Mother," said little Charles, just as the
dock struck ten, seeming to have awakened
from a dreamy s-lurobar, "isn't this the last
uisrht of the old yejri"
'Yes, hit sod."
"And do yon know what I've been dream
ing, d.'iir ru 'the: 1! I dreamed that father had
brought us New Year's preseute, just as lie
used to. Uut he won't, will he! lie's too
poor no.v!"
"So, my dear bar, we shall have no ctue r
' present than food} aal cv»u for that, we mw>%
thnnK dear fanner. The-e, lay your head In
mv lap again."
The boy Jalcl his curly Dead once more In
bis mother's lap, anil with tearful eyes sus
gazed upon his innocent form.
The clock struck eleven! The poor wife
was yet on her tireless, sleepless watch! Bat
hardly had the sounl of the last stroke died
away ere the snow crust tave back tho
sound of a footfall, aud in a moment more
her husband entered. With t. e mblina fear
she raised her evca to h:5 fa :e, and a wild
thrill of joy weul to liar heart as she saw that
all there was open and bold—only those m:iu
ly features looked more joyous, more prou 1
than ever.
'Lizzie," sad he, in mild, kind accents, "1
am lata to-nitit, but business has detained
me, and now I have a favor lo n~k of thee."
"Name it, dear Ttioma*, ani you shall not
ask a second time," cried his wife, as she laid
her hand confidently upon ut husband's
"And you will as!j mo uo qaestlou*?'' cou
tinued Wilklns.
"No, I will not."
'■Then," coutinued the husband as he beut
over and imprinted a kiss upoa his w;f«'s
brow, "I want you to dress our children for a
wall;, and you .-hall accompany us. The Bight
is calm aud tranquil, and the snow is well
trodden. —All, no questions! Remember your
promise I"
Lizzie Wllkim knew not what all tbi3
meaut, nor did sbu think to care; for anv
tu uu' that couid pleaae her husband she
would have done with plcisure, even though
It had wrenched her very heart-strlne*. In a
short time the two children were read/; th >v
Mrs. Wilktoi put on such articles of dress as
she could commiiil, and soo-i they were in
the road. The moon shone bright, tha stars
peeped down upoa the earth, and they seem
ed to 6mile upon the travelers from out their
twinkling eyes of li^hr. Silently U'ilUins lefl
the ivav, and silently his wife and chiidreu
followed. Several times the wife gazed up
into her husband's countenance; but from
the stranse expression that rested there, she
could make out nothing that tended to satisfy
At length a short turn In tbc roal brouglU
them suddenly upon the pretty white eottaze,
where years a^o tbey bad been so bappy.
They approached the epot. The snow in tbe
front yard had Leeu shoveled away, and a
path 1« lup to the piazzi. Wilkins opened
the i:.ite—hi3 wife tremblingly followed, but
wherefore aim knew not. Then her husband
opened tbe door, and iv tbe entry the? were
met b.- tbe sruiliui- countenance ot old Capt,
Walker, «ho nshered them into the parlor
where a warm fire (flowed Iv Ibe crate, and
where eTerythiutf looked neat and comfort
ubla. Mrs. Wdklos turned her gaze upou ti..:
old man, aud then upon her husband. Suie
lr, in that ereetlog between the poor man
aud tbe rich, there <va> noi^e of that con
strain! wb cli would have been ezpecte I.
'i'ljp nit ra.her as friends an 1 neighbors.
What cou'd it mean.
Hark I the clock strikes tivelvel Tlio old
year bis gone, and a new, a bright-winged
cycle,!s about to commence its Bight over th"
Thomas Wilkins took the hand of his wife
nitbin h 6 own, and tbeo drawing from hl-s
b'joom a paper, ho placed it m her haiij, re
marking as he diJ so: "L'zzie, this is your
hiuba uf» pn uitf >r 'h ne e year/"
The wife took the paper, and she opened it.
She realized its contents at a ulance; but she
could not read it word for word, for the
streaming tears o£ a wild, frantic joy would
not lei her. With a quick nervous move
raeut she placed th» priceless pledge next her
bosom; mxl then, w:th a low murmur, like
tlie gentle whispering of some heaven-bound
angel, s:ie fell half fainting Into her bus
band's arms.
''Look up, look up, ray own dear wife," at
tered the redeemed man, ''look up and smile
upon your husband; and you, too, my chil
dren, gather about your father—for a
husband anil fatber henceforth I
will ever be. Lookup, my wife. There!—
Now, Lizzie, feel proud with me, for we ataud
within oar nw:i house 1 Ye«, this cottage i.i
once more our own; an.i uotliln^ but tiie
hand of death shall agafn taka us hence.
Our joOil, Liv 1 friend here will explain It all.
0, L zzle, if there Is bappiasss on earth, it
shi<li henceforth be our;I Let the mil be
forgotten, an 1 with tins, the dawning of a
new year, let us commence to live in tin:
Gently the husband and wife sank upor.
their knees, clasoeJ in each other's arms;
and clinging Joyfully to thru knelt their
conscious, happy children. A prayer from the
husband's lip) trended its way to th? throne
of (trace; and, with the warm tears trlnkling
down his aged face, old Captain Walker ro
sponded i heartfelt "Amen."
F.vc years 6 .ye passed since thai happy
moment. Thr>:ms Wilkinj li.v cleared his
pretty cottage from ail encumbr nice, an I a
happier, or a more respected family d.. not
exist. Al l' 1 Lizz'e li.it t;:at!c, confiding
wife—as she takes that aim paper from Ilia
drawer, and s;;iz:s ,i:;.iin ami a;alu upon the
magic pledge II bears, w.:epj tonrs of j>v
anew. Were all the wealth of the [a lies
poured out in ouc glittering, blindlug pile at
her feet, and all lha honors of the world ad
ded thereto, she wonld uof, for the lvhuic
countless sum, give in exchange ono single
word from that bledsa which constituted her
buslmitd's present. — Tank t Jj'a.i;.
The San as a Curative Agent.
Court the sun, if you are one of the
unhappy ones who lie awake o' nights.
The very worst soporific is laudanum,
and tho very best sunshine. Therefore
it is very plain that poor sleepers
should pass as many hours as possible
in the sunshine, and as few as possible
in the shade. Many women are mar
tyrs, and yet they do not know it.
They shut the sunshine out of their
houses and the r hearts, they weal
vails, they carry parasols, they do all
that is possible to keep oil" the subtlest
and yet most potent influence whirl
is intended to give them strength &u£
beauty and cheerfulness. Is it not
timo to change this, and so get color
and rose 3in th sir pale cheeks, strength
in their weak backs and courage in
their timid souls?
The Mouth of the Horse.
Bo careful of the horse's mouth.
Men who jerk the reius because they
arc too mad to be sensible and humane,
should have a bit placed in their own
mouths and have it jerked by some
brutal fellow who would enjo. giving
pain. In breaking colts, be very care
ful about the mouth, and never bit an
animal that has a sore mouth whilo it
cont.nues sore. Tho mouth of the
horse should be more frequently exam
ined than it usually is. Sometimes
there is an inflammation that needs at
tention. Sometimes the teeth need at.
teutiou, and occasionally it may even
be uecassary to draw a loath. It is by
no means uncommon that the poor
condition of a horse can be traced to
some ailment of the mouth which pre
vents the proper mastication of the
food. It is not much trouble to open
the mouth and look into it, and it will
often prevent trouble.
Some people cannot tell bow tbej ft'ad
financially until their accounts are balance!,
but the artist always knows when ha Is draw
ing a head.— Boston Courier.
Two Croin 1 or Market.
By a systematic plan of rota!;on
' there are two crops at least that can be
jrown and sold upon the market.
These are wheat and potatoes. And on
Ihe majority <>f Western farms these
can nearly always be made a part of a
plan of rotation to a good advantage.
It is always advisable so far as poasi-
; bio to feed out to good thrifty stock all
; the products of tho farm. If this is
lone and good care is taken to make.
save and apply all the manure possible,
I rotating the crops regularly and plow
: ing under green crops for manure
| whenever practicable, it is possible to
j gradually bu Id up the fertility of the
1 farm.
A good crop of potatoes can be
grown by using commercial fertilizers
at a less cost llian almost any other
crop. That is tin; elements of plant
food required to grow a profitable
crop of potatoes in an average soil can
be purchased and appl ed at a less cost
than with ulmost any other crop. In
ui'ow'd" a crop of wheat real.' for
market we are able to secure a consid
erable amount of material that can bo
converted into a valuable fertilizer. As
a rule tlie grain em be sold an«l other
material for feed ng, such na bran, ship
51 uiT, and ol meal, that led in con
nection with otliur mater als will add
not only to their value as foods but al
: so increase tho qual ly of the manure.
By rotating there is a less strain upon
the so lin an ova direction while a
belter opportunil of man n ring is
afforded. It a rather difficult to
i i&nJH, up an entires stem of rotation
w.thout includ ng >o;ne crop that it
will be an advantage to sell without
: feeding.
Both of these are desirable. The
I product is uC!MM':i.iy readily murket-
I able and .it priors tiiat with a good
, yield give :i fan- per cent, of profit.
I By taking wheat and :i small acre
ngo of potatoes, with cord, o.ila. timo
ihy or re I top, and clover, a very
i _; )*.■'! plan of rotat on cm Ikj made that
will add material ly towards keeping
up ili,- furtilil | '■■'<■ Jo Dot usually
expect to soil vory much direct from
the farm: the iar m- per cent of tho
i crops should b.i fed out and marketed
in a condensed form as buef, pork,
i mutton, wool, butter, poultry, e££.s,
or horsea an I mules, and such a sys
tem should !i • adopted as will carry
out this plan to the boat advantage.
j In some localities,convenient to market
i potatoes can be made a loading crop,
I and they can be sold and commerc nl
! fertilizers be purchased to increase the
yield of bo crops, rotating lo avo-d
the exhaiHtion of any one material iv
tlio soil and to pjiva a jrood opportuni
ty to apply other fertilizers. When
| there is considerable lima in the soil
I wheat is a good crop to raise. lie
| remedy for low prices of both of these
| crops is lar&e yields, find lo secure
I them a fairly rich soil is very essential,
I and as a rule, this is best secured. —
| Practical Farmer.
!Tou<<« Vermin.
Sili scattered freely over tlio floors
of a house, swept into the cracks and
allowed to remain there, will extermi
nate bed bug«; ;i bedstead thoroughly
washed in :i strong briue and every
crevice tilled with salt, and suit freely
scattered under every slat, iho sluts
wei! soakod in brine, will surely put
an end lo them- Th % receipt bus been
tested in a hotel in Oregon that was
1 lerally :<i ye with them. Tho salt was
scattered over the floors, and for a few
da 3, while Ihe atmosphere was dry,
appeared to have no effect on them;
I hen enrue v dr^zlinjr rain for two or
three days, the dampness invited the
salt, nil tho bags n the house
swarmed to tiio outside and
remained there in rows close
Ito the battens. I believe there were
20,000 of them of all shades and s:zes.
Immediately a brine was made strong
enough to benr up au egg and used
profusely on beds and furniture, anil
not a bed bug was seen ins do the
house for the three years tho narrator
remained there. Thoso that were
driven to the outside of tho house
remained stationary in rows and final-
' ly dropped to the ground dead.
My mother, an old New England
! housekeeper, says: "No insect which
\ crawls can l.ye under the application
'< of hot alum water. It will destroy red
■ and black ants, cockroaches, spiders,
| bedbugs and all the myriads of crawl
' ing pests wliich infest our houses dur
| ing Llie heated term. Take two pounds
! of slum and dissolves it in throe or four
I quarts of boiling witter, let it stand on
, tho Btove until the alura is all melted.
| then apply it with a brush while near
; iv boiling hot to every joint and crev
\ ice in your closets, bedsteads, pantry
'■ shelves and tho like; brush the cracks
in the floor and the crevices In the
, skirting or mopboards if you suspect
. that they harbor vermin.',' — Good
Housekeepi >g.
About tomatoes.
I prefer to use a good stout stako to
each tomato vine and ty ng up about
twica 1 have iried trell s and otiier
frame supports and prefer the stakes.
They should be four feut long, some
two inches in diameter, and should be
driven firmly in to hold the weight of
the vine securely.
During very dry weather if the vinos
have not been previously mulched I
liud 1 can water most conveniently by
punching a small hole in the bottom
of a good-sized fruit can, sinking it
near the stem of tin; plant and keep
ing it tilled with water.
After repeated trims 1 am satisfied to
grow my tomatoes on reasonably fair
soil, not 100 rich. Too much vine is
secured in ovsrrich soil ,-\t the expense
of fruts.
The commercial manures that 1 ap
plied in the hill worked thoroughly
through the soil before planting gave
better results than when applied after
the plants had made a Hart to grow,
and then worked in around thu roots.
While I take considerable pains to
nmWe and snve all the poultry manure
poss We, yet the amount derived from
a small flock is very often considerably
overrated. I find it valuable for hill
manuring if made, very fine.
Of courso it pays to manure the
growing plants, especially when iho
ground is not thoroughly enriched bc
foro planting With liquid manure I
prefer to loosen the soil around the
plants and apply the manure in the
even ng, stiring the soil again thor
oughly the next morning.— Practical
Farm Notes.
The Qavor of strawberries grown in
a shady place is much like that of tho
wild berry.
When potatoes aro dug the very best
should bo selected and put a^ide as
peed for next year.
If a tree is heavily laden vr th fruit
support the branches, so that they
may withstaod the storm*
A few strawberry plant;' well fertil
ized and cared (or are better
than many neglected and run to
If any one has a certain exterminator
to offer the buffalo bu^r, a suffering
people will be glad to hear of it.
Thirty silos capable of containing
seventy-live tons each will be filled
th s year at Antiuna, New Hamp
Do not allow your v nes to outrun
iho trellb given them. II the sup
port U out-distanced, increase the
A few sheep may b-< profitably kept
by any farmer. The number that ho
infiy keep he must decide for h m
It may bu queer, but sheep prefer
grass to weeds and will not eat the
latter when the former can be ob
ta ned.
Young fruit trees should be cull -
vated as carefully :.s any other crop
on the farm, if they are expected to pay
OS well.
Household Hint*,
Scatter sassafras bark among dried
fruit !<> ii(-i;|> it from becoming wormy.
When ivory-handled knives become
yellow they 011 be cleansed by rubbing
them briskly with emery or sand pa
A small piece of salt pork boiled
with fricasseed chicken will impart n
richness to the gravy, and tl.e flavor
will be better than if nothing hut but
ter is used.
Carpets should be thoroughly beate i
on tut: wrong side first, and then on
tin; right,— after which spots may be re
moved by the use of ox gall or ammo
nia and water.
I!';!-, : radish cut in thin sir pi length
wise and h duzeu or morn of these
strips placed on the lop of each keg of
pickles will keep them from beconi
stale or mold
If ink !-. spilled on colored goods that
will not Lear :ici Is, soak them immeili-
atoly in sweet milk boiled hot. Hot
melted tallow poured through, ink spots
will also remove them.
If you dip (onr broom into clean hot
' suds once ;i week, then shake il until
i :i i* [ilinM-1 dry, :in<l then bang it tip,
of s::unl it with the band c ■! iwn, il
w.il In-^t twice as long a-< it woald
wi'iii.. 1,"! ibis operation.
A lenspoonful of borax, pal in the
last water in which clothes are rinse 1,
! will whiten them surprtsingl .-. Pound
I tlie borax to it will dissolve easily.
This is especially good to remove the
yellow that time givc3 to white gar
ments that h:.vi; Insen laitl away for
j two or three years.
The It!id white worms which some
time;- make the earth in a plant jar
look as if it is alive, can be driven out
by stopping the hole in the bottom of
the jar, then cover the earth with
water in which you have dissolved a
little lime. Let this stand for several
hours, and it is not likely you will be
troubled with the worms any more.
Moths can be successfully removed
from carpets in the following manner:
Wring ii course towel out of clear
water, spread it smoothly on the car
pet, iron it dry with a good hot iron,
repeating the operation wherever the
moths are supposed to be. No need
to press hard, and the ply or the color
of the carpet will not bo injured, as
the moths are destroyed by the heat
and steam.
Grown Away.
My Utllo cliHJreu have grown away.
Grown away from the laud ot play,
Grown to be men ami women tall,
With psssiODa an 1 loves and hates and all
Tuat conies to us whin we en** away
From childish play.
My little children that vet 3 so dear.
How can i help but wish them hi'rs
\Viih arms round my neck in the o!d loving
«.1 ■••
I have not l.ti.iwu for man; a da ■■■.
Not since home was my klnedora, precious unit
Filled with the music of pattering feet.
Those feet that have led them away from me
Jut" the world aud over theses,
Loving in" here in m>' lonely room
That even in sunshine seems full of gloom,
An 1 so very lonely 1 oeedj must cry
For the days iron? by.
I thought I should be the first to co,
And I can not l>ut wish it mi^ht hare been
But ihe Fuller of love, who dwell* In the
Took some of in- babies out of my slsrht—
To').; them away to Ills Lome of rrst.
And i [{now, I hough I can not tell why, 'twas
So I'm trusting on Lord, nni can clearly
That hi that i<-ci land our Lome shall be,
And though '.he children bave cone away
We shall meet a^nln, oh blessed day,
Wheu He «ill call—to Heaven we coma
And find once more our happy liom?.
— John A. i lark, in Ou'xl llvu.* lumping.
Bobby's Sound Philosophy.
"Mil," remonstrated Bobby, "wlien
I was at grandma'a sho let m:i have
two pieces of [>ie. "
1 "Well.she otiirht not to hnvc dono so.
Bobby," saiJ his mother. "I th'nk
two pieces of pio are 100 much for lit
tle boys. Tiie older you grow, Bobby,
the more wisdom you will gain,"
Bobby waa silenced, but only for n
moment. "Well, ma," he said,
"grandma is a good deal older than you
are." — Cfiristian Advocate.
The Dangerous Classes.
Heretofore the dangerous classes
have been supposol to bo the thieves
thugs, burglars and sandbaggers; the
gamblers, drunkards ami ignorant,
passionate demagogue* who make a
living by pander ng to the worst in-
I stincts of the masses. Wo may now
safely add the ignorant, thoughtless.
seliisli and pessimistic capitalist an I
employer of labor. The man who will
tell you that be can lake care of him-
Bell and society may do the ma The
man who w i! tell you Hint the working
men are mad; that their minds have
become poisoned by th«.? v rtn of an
archy and communism; that they have
made a~Shrine of the Iradi a union ami
a pod of the walking delegate, and
that the sooner things come to a>hca i
the better, In short, that there is no
salvation for society bat in a free use
of tho policeman a baton. Such men
arc, without knowing it, the most dan
gerous element in the community; the.
can, and do, commit more mischief in
J a day than a dozen ordinary criminals
I would in a life time. The (rouble with
them is pure, ignorant stupid selfish
ness. Their horizon is bounded by
' their money bags, their interests cen
tered in their bank ledger, and they
will do anything to conserve the one
and add to the other. Such men—and
I there are man? of them—will rail by
! the hour against work m n for try
in" 1 by combination to raise their do!
--lar and a half a day to two dollars, and
will immediately turn around and cor
ner wheat or pork, Bqneez) their weak,
j er brethren out of m Iliona <>f dollars
and i). weight of their purse and so
called financial genius levy tribute
on tim general publ c. The; will form
nice littla syndicates, buy up the con
' trolling interest!) in railwjit ■■, squeeze
out the smaller shareholders— often
j "the widow and iii" fatherless,"
' water the stock lifiy or a hundred per
w.-.il .111 I compel the public t" pa> in
terest ou that ba is; or thny will buy
the entire f, r::-i plan* ol 'he city, ti;.!t
they may force tiie public !■> pay a'iv
Bgnre the choose to charge, and nil
the t mi! the look upon themselves as
Bhrewd business men who are engaged
in a perfectly le^it mule business, 'iiie
cunning loafer who stands in some
shady corner and plays the
"shell game" believes that he is
a legit mate trader. and take*
posit. del lit in ".skinning the
suckers,* 1 but somehow the police
Jou"t tiiko the sarno view of tlio
multcr. but insist on carrying him off
t'i jail whenever they e:'.n lay hold of
him, and 1 think tlio. are righl in do
ing so. I (irmly believe that all snefa
feliowa shonld b'j sent to the pen teoti
ary and made to work for a Ii v ng;
but whal bothers me is to Hntl an liod
est difference between the man
swindles by means of three shells and
;i pea, ami another wTTo by coiuhina-
tion and i lie unsci upuioiH use ol p
ital forces tho public to pay' an nddi-
tional pricL- for the necessaries oi life;
or why. if one is rant to prison tiio
other shoal I b) allowed I > e:ij• >y li a
ill gotten j;:'i'i-i in ostentalions display.
It sr-'HH to !!)■■ :i? th'iuir'i a batter c,i?«
conld be mnde oat for ; ■■ ' sfa -ii
man 1' th:;H the monopuliz r 1
slocks, as no oue ij under any neceasi-
Tv to patronizo the manipulator of the
"little pea." whereas nearly all mast
ii- ■ 14:1-, or suffer nconvenienct -
li is al out tii!!'- society should »top
in and equalize matters a little, li is
about tiinii that capital should 1 iarn
that there aw many duties and re^
gponsibililies attaching to wealth, an-J
learn to discbarge thetn. — American
Too Much Lika Work
11 "Ere comes a benevolent lookia'
old cove," said a peripatet c gentle
man of lei-urn to his chum, on tha
street corner; "let's tackle him for the
price of a night's lodgin 1 ."
"Don't yer think of it. Bill," hasti
ly responded the other, sezing Ilia,
arm. "Let's wait for somebody that's
half full. Thorn benevolent lookin'
docks alias wants to organize thfta
selves into a society, elect a board o"
directors and hire a ball aforo tliny
give ye a quarter. I don't wantei
stay up all summer!" — Fuck.
A Grave Err. t
Bight in the face of the Mill" bill the
window glasa factories are about to
resume. This is a mistake. All fac
tories, so far na possible should be
closed, in order to show the people
the dangers ot tariff reduction. Tim
greatest error the protectionists liavs
been guilty of a that of allow ng a
number of new :oiue manufactories
to start up ami prosper after quin ne
bad been pal on the free list — Lovi
ville Courier-Journal.
Not a Fair Trial
First whe hu in I ■■:!•! ruake il Iran
here to Jugville in three hours.
Second wheelman— Stamper -ii= l>l?
can do it in two.
First wheelman—Oh. wi. ha 's *
Second wheelman—Bio/elist, >lo v»"
First wheelman— No Liat—So*
Iriuci'C i Ex limner.
No Marriage This Time'
Naomi —Gnoreo. sajr that, you will
be mine!"
George — Really, this s vury sml'lcn.
I —er —l want to marry a girl who can.
knep house."
"I can keep housa, lore. 1 M" *
graduate of Ihc cook ng school a''l' \'
can make delightful brea I.*' '.*;
"I'm sorry, but I'm not a p«* "r
contractor, niid I <loat know what M
do with the bread." — ::<.',>- ;a </'"'■
Thought He Was a Baseballist.
"Zola dosn't seem to be doing verT
good work nowadays." be ssiiil l"» a
Now York girl.
"Zola," she said. "Ton*lt"*«* w
me, Mr. Pelerlcy, but I don't jit si nc
olect what ekiij Mr. Zola U pJs '"»
with no\v." — Juage.

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