Newspaper Page Text
VOL. 1. NO. 9.
•I. D. KIRK WOOD, X> E Hir "X 1 I & rJT. Pullman. M a«hliigtou Ter. Office Hours : 9 a. m. to 12 m . and 1 to 1 r. m. .STEWART BLOCK. MAIN' ST. E. H. LETTERMAN A CO., Doalorm in Gtimln. Highest market price paid for Wheat, Oats, barley and Flax. PULLMAN, - WASHINGTON TKR. WILLIAM NEWTON, Attorney anil Counselor lit Law. PULLMAN, \V. T. Money to loan on real «ptate at the lowest rate* or interest. .Ml le^al business promptly attended to. Tm.es paid for non-residents. Col lections promptly made and remitted. H. .1. WEBB. .1. F. WATT WEBB & WATT, Physicians and Surgeons Are Prepared to Treat All Special Diseases. Office in Stewart Block. PULLMAN WASHINGTON TER. 11. C. WILLIAMSON, FASHIONABLE Barber and Hair Cutter. Special Attention is Given to < tit tin;; : .mid : Trimming Ladies' and Children's Hair. Hot and Cold Baths. PULLMAN, WASH. TER. PACIFIC INSURANCECO CAPITAL STOCK : $500,000 $1500,000 $500,000 PORTLAND - - OREGON. W. V. WINDUS, Agent. ■ ■■illmail. Washington TVr. MASON BROTHERS, Proprietors Pullman Meat Market. Dealers in all kinds of Fresh and Cured Meat. Specialties In Mention. market price* paid for Cattle and Hides, Hogs etc. Xo«lnc Block, • • Slain Street. VICTOR HUNZIKER, Jeweler : and : Engraver — AND — -:- Practical -:- Watchmaker. -:- Pullman. Washington Trr. Repairing of Watches, Clocks," Jew elry ii specialty. Postoffiee Building. BABXBY HATTKUP, — ri'.OPRIF.TOI! — Pullman Sample Room, Cor. Wain and <»mml street*. Fine Wines, Liquors and Cigars. Perfect order maintained and gentlemanly treatment to every one. Pullman. • • Washington Tit. Union Pacific Railway. OREGON SHORT LINE. . • Through Pullman Sleepers and Modern Day ' Pouches to Omaha, Council Bluffß and Kansas city. raakin* DIRECT CONNECTIONS to the J-itiei of ItENVEK.I HKVKNNK, SALT LAKE riTY OODEN, COUNCIL BUFFS, OMAHA. KANSAS CITY, ST. LOUIS, CHICAGO, and all point* in the Baal and South. Baggage cheeked through front Pull ' - inau to all points named. Family Sleepers Free on , All Through Trains. ,„ further information regarding territory , r »versed, rates of fare, descriptive pamphlets, 1« «m>lv to nearest went of the Union Pacific VtiiiwSy.'or <• R. & N. <'< -or address ■ 11. IT. BROWN, Agent, Pullman. • T-^TSB»BT», <'■• P. * T. A., Omaha, Neb. , " *"" a. 1.. Maxwell. il P. 4T. A.. O. H. 4 N. Co., ' - . ' Portland, Oregon. 2fljje fMlttmn fleftild* PACIFIC COAST NOTES. Matters of Local and General Import Gathered from All Sourcea for the Benefit of Our Readers. Truckee talks of a toboggan slide. Five cases of small-pox at Merced. Bakers field is filled with .land spec ulators. The bounty law of Sonoma county has been repealed. The Piutes are unlawfully trapping lith in Walker river. Twenty-five pioneers have just or ganized a society at San Diego. Frozen meat is to be shipped from Kansas City to Sacramento. A recount of the ballots for sheriff c f Nevada county 13 to be had. The building of a railroad from Seattle to the Canada line is assured. The money in the state treasury lust Saturday amounted to $1,161, --513 27. Otto SchulU' slaughter-house and ice house at Carson, New, were burned Sunday Harvey H. Clark has been appoint ed pofetmaster at Lodi, San Jo«i| am county. Violations of the fish laws are re ported from Taylorville and the mouth of Paper Mill creek. Ulmer, San Bernardino county.^and Fmerald Biy, El Doredo county, aie postoftices just established. Jack Logarbo haa been charged by the grand jury at Sin Jose with the murder of his stepdaughter. A strong protest against statehood for Utah has been signed by the lib eral territorial committee of Utah. The governor refuses to pardon Ar thur D. Januaiy. who stole $50,000 while his father was state treasurer. The course of the opium seized at Tort Huron, Mich., has been traced to the khipper, Joselyn, at Victoria, B. C. A bill will be introduced into the coining legislature of California to make two counties out of Los Angeles. A company composed of leading men at San Jose is to be organized to bore for oil and gas in Santa Clara valley. At El Prso a strong effort is being made to create a strike on the Southern Pacific by dissatisfied en gineers. A large meeting of merchants of Los Angeles one Right last week insti tuted a move to bring down rents. Concerted action is to bejsecured. John Wesley Hill, a Methodist mm- j ister at Ogden, is delivering radical anti-Mormon lectures, and has in curred great hostility from the Mor mon?. t On the roof beams of an old out building at Nevada City was found Saturday in an old sack $100 in $20 pieces. I« had evidently been there for years. At the drawing at Sutler City last week Oscar Boehn, of San Francuco, won the hotel; H. Best won the 2 story house, and W. Kddington an other house. Cases of burglary, highway robbery and email thefts are plentiful at Los Angeles. More than the regular win ter eupyly of rascals has reached that city from the east. William Jones, one ol the four men arrested at Los Angele3 for robbing the railway station f>t Sepulveda and plundering the guests at the 4-mile house, Uas made a full confossion. Gen. Sohn J. Brewster, in the early days of California deputy county clerk of Sonoma county, and subse quently surveyor-general of the state, was sent last heck to the county poor house from the town of Sonoma. Kasmus Larsen is fighting the Ore-1 gon Kailway and Navigation company. The company passes over his home stead, near Willows, Or., and won't; pay him his price for the land, so he ton up the track and was arrested. A rich strike is reported in tbe 4th of July mine, in the Salmon river country, Idaho. A large quantity of: sulphate of silver, worth $1000 a ton, baa been found. This is said to be the richest mine in Washington terri- ■ tory or Idaho. The mental condition of Elle Ellen, j a rich Truckee lumberman, will be contested over the effort to get pos session of the gift to a deceased dai.gh tpr, jiut previous to her death, of; $ir>,ooo. It is claimed he was incom-j petent mentally to make the gift. At Santa Ana, Los Angeles county, Monday, the locomotive of the Santa Fe Short line struck a wagon contain ing William Bentley, BT, aged 76 years, his wife, aged 80 year?, and his daughter and daughter-in-law. They were all four killed outright. They were residents of El Modona. six. milos from Santa Ana. George P. Harding, late democratic candidate for the state senate from the district composed oi Yolo and Napa counties, has served a notice of contest on his republican opponent, F. S. Sprague, who holds the certif icate of election. The illegality of votes of the inmates of the Veterans' home at Yountsville is the basis for the contest. Tiiere are but 68 votes in difference on the face of the re turns and Harding claims that 182 votes were cast against him at Yount ville that should not have been re ceived. PULLMAN, WASH. TER., DECEMBER 29, 1«88. MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS: A Brief Mention of Matters of General' Interest.—Notes Gathered from Home and Abroad. Mrs. Grover Cleveland is in Phila delphia. The base-ball tram at Sydney, Aus tralia, is being lionized. Jersey City will not permit sparring exhibitions by noted pugilists. Mrs. Dies Debar, of " spirit-pictures" fame, ha* been released from prison. Warner, N. H, with a population i of 1500, has not had a death in rive months. Natural gas has been struck by the drillers at Thorold and St. Charles, I Canada. Senator Beck does not get any bet ter, and he may never be able to re turn to the Benate. James C. Morford, aged 93 year*, the last member of the Association of Old Defenders, is dead. The recent cold weather damaged the tobacco and coffee crops in the j Btate of Vera Cruz, Mexico. Bakers in Chicago are now required by law to stamp the weight and their names on every loaf of bread. But one session of the public schools j was held one day last week in Boston, j owing to a severe snow storm. F. W. Scott, vice-president of tlie Pratt county, Kansas, bank, is charged with robbing the bank of $-100. George Beechman accepts the chal lenge of Hilton, of the Pacific Coast, j to skate for the roller championship.' A joint resolution proposing an anti-polygamy amendment to the Con stitution was introduced in the house. Lawler, of ILinois, introduced a bill in the house iast week pensioning i veterans when they reach the age of; 50. A report to the forestry congress discloses the fact that .arbor day is now observed in 31 states and terri- i Lories. General Charles G. D.vhlgren, who took a prominent put in the confed erate army, if dying at his home in Brooklyn. The town of Three River?, Mich., is in a fearful coddition. It has over 5000 bushels of onions piled up and no sale for them. The switchmen on the Burlington' road who have been on a strike have j resolved to continue to try and em barrass the road. Dr. J< ffrey, of the First Baptist, I church at Indianapolis, preached a I sermon recently indicating a disbelief j in the orthodox hell. Miss Harris, an ex-clerk in one of i j the departments at Washington, is re- j ! ported from Indianapolis to have gone ; j int-ane through political excitement. A gigantic cattle-stealing scheme I has been discovered >.t litwlings, Wy. j T., through the stock-growers' com- I mission, in which a gang of butchers j are thought to be implicated. About 100 of Denver's leading busi ness men have arranged to attend the inaugur.il ceremonies in regulation cowboy costume, and accompanied by a genuine cowboy band. A fellow calling himself " Jack, the Ripper, "has been arrested at Montreal. He is ezidently a lunatic. He had a bright knife and was running after a | screaming woman. His name is John Langhorn. General Russell A. Alger, o* Michi gan, has just paid a visit to Mr. j Blame. While politician* believe the visit was in reference to a cabinet position, Genera! Alger states that it had no political character. The Maine Fomological society is i making a collection of choice apples for exhibition at the World's exposi tion, which opens in Paris next May. The apples are to be placed in a pre : serving liquid before being shipped. It is said that there is a good pros- I pect of carrying out the scheme of . connecting California by cable with ! Honolulu. There is no doubt that the scheme is one that promises many ad ; vantages to the growing commerce of j the Pacific coast. i The damage inflicted on the South •by the yellow fever pestilence is now I felt in the loes of hotel patronage, and i the coming season will be a trying | ! one with the grand Florida establish ments, as well as with northern capi talists who have investments there. The official count of the vote of j Montana shows a total of 40,014, which is well up to the Vote of Wash i ington, the latter being 45,41>7. Mon j tana's vote, by the usual calculation, i wouid indicate a population of not far from 200,000, but it is probably nearer 150,000. The employes of the New York city library recently discovered an ancient document between the wall and the shelving in the librarian's rooms. It was an engrossed copy of the declara tion of independence on vellum bound in folio form and attested August 2, 1 1826, by the then only surviving signer, Charles Cairoll, of Carollton. A call for a convention was pub lished at Aberdeen, 1). T., Monday, to take measures to prevent, if possible, the division of Dakota. A quiet meet i ing of the leading citizens was held on Saturday to devise means to defeat the divisionists. They say that divis ion is a purely pol tical move and op posed to the best interests of tbe tax payers. I:THE AGRICULTURALIST: [' Newsy Notes Concerning the Farm a d of Especial Interest to tve Pa cific Coast Husbandman. ll is claimed ttiat on an :\v< r ge the food of a cow should yield '2\ per cent. in dry food matter of her own weight, but this depends upon many condi tions. A small cow will sometimes eat a large quantity and produce more than a larger one. W. A. Henry rays : "To secure ! good results from stover or corn-fod- I der, the crop should be harvested ! while the leaves are yet green, so th;it I they will dry crisp and bright, in which condition there is no more pal atable food on the farm for horses, cat tle or sheep." Hedges are not in most localities an advisable fence. They take up too much land and do not form a perfect barrier, as numerous gaps often occur. If the owner does not care to root out the hedge he snould at least get some good from it. Barbed wire stretched across the open place will prove an effective barrier, and besides it gives stock a very wholssome respect for the hedge itself, however much they have learned the bad habit of breaking through the weak places. Those who intend to set out plum j tree.3 should not forget that plums, I pigs and poultry are a trio which J flourish well together.and when plant ed in yards occupied by pigs or chick ens, or both, good crops seldom fail to be obtained, as it La believed that the i continued disturbance of the soil and the prevention of the growth of weeds and grass prevent the curculion from ■ secreting themselves at night. They i ali-o destroy tiie insects as fast as they expose themselves upon the ground. With even the mosi abundant capi tal a farmer sometimes gels behind band with work. It is not always po3 j '■ sible to procure farm help as needed. j For years the tendency of labor has ', been to concentrate in cities. Though : often idle i r more poorly paid than jon the fariii. the city life ia preferred I for the social and other advantages. that it gives. This is making labor in I the country harder to get every year, and thus indirectly obliging fanners to subdivide large farms diversify ! their crops and do as much as they can without hiring. Crab apples make a very firm and palatable jelly. The Siberian crab ai; --i pies are easily obtained and are fine in flavor, but, if one can get them, the | , v.iM sic.icß, ti.i sour, hll'-" tilings v.l.d g|c:Cß, ti.<• suur, giet:ii thing* that grow on the th.riy trees in the country —give the greatest satisfaction. They have a spicy ihvor and a pleas ant acid which are particularly de lightful to invalids. The juice of the crab apple, of either kind, may be used for jelly with that of other fruits, such as peach, raspberry or cherry, and give firmness without injuring the flavor. The proportion may be left to the taste of the maker. Jellies should stand open a day or two before being put into glasses, that the moisture may evaporate; but they should be protected from dust. If thin, let them stand in the sun's rays. In a day or two cut papers to lit the glasses; dip these in brandy, alcohol or white of egg, and press them on the top of the jelly. A very old-fashioned method is to pcur melted butter or clean mutton fat on top and let it harden. All such preserves should be covered, then if mold appears it can easily he removed without wast ing the fruit. Afterwards put on the glasses the covers made for that pur pose, or cover with paper, pasting the edges down. The question whether bighorn or wild sheep of the Kocky_niouutains (ovis montana) would cross with the domestic sheep has been successfully settled. The wild sheep was captured and tamed in Colorado., and allowed to feed with domestic sheep. It can be seen that the cross has diminished Hie length and size of the horns in the progeny. The lleece is also much heavier and of finer staple. Such a cross as this is highly interesting from a scientific point of view, but is of no economic value, unless further crosses with mutton breeds of domestic sheep should result in permanent increase in size of carcass without impairing the value of the ilesh or wool. Manure has to be applied with cau tion to the pear to avoid causing blight. The great poiut is never to stimulate a sudden flow of sap by manuring when its ett'ecls will be im mediately felt. For this reason it is be.-t to apply manure jiifct before the pear tree enters the dormant state indi cated by the falling of the leaves. Early in the fall is the best time. In practice, however, August is said to ! be the proper time, for there are rare ly raius that come early enough to stimulate growth the same season. Thus during the whole of winter the ! manure has had an opportunity to be- I come mixed with the soil. The tree I starts with a vigor which can be steadily maistjined during the sum mer. Heard's Dairyman says : " A great deal of vagueness exists yet among butter makers on the subject of ripen ing cream. A great many men and women who have had a chance, at least, to know better persist in putting fre?h skimmed crpam into the churn. ! Mr. N. G. Gilbert, of New York, made a liule experiment to see what the re sult would be. For about a week he had been getting about five pounds of butter from 100 pounds of milk, but not being satisfied that he was getting all the butter from the milk, he tried the experiment of keeping the two skimmings separate until the eecond mes& of cream was cured and then putting them together and churning. From one churning thus treated he; obtained six pounds of butter to the 1 100 pounds of milk. Here was a gain I of 20 percent., all for an experiment." Thousands of acres of potatoes do | not produce half they should tor lack of sub-soiling. It is better and safer to plant fewer acres in this crop, which is necessarily expensive, and do the I work thorough. If the potatoe ground is sub-soiled, and the manure applied ; is turned under the surface furrow, and a good seed-bed made, the crop will nearly always pay double what it | would without the extra preparatien i of sub-soiling. The benefit from the sub-soiling endures several years un- ' less the land is sodden with water. [n fact, there is some difference in the ' soil ever after. The practice of mowing clown straw berry patches is recommended by the American Cultivator only in cases where the vines are overgrown with weeds. The object is to give the weeds a setback, with the hope that a little care will give the strawberries the advantage in the race for life. It is of doubtful utility at best to try so harsh a remedy. We tried it (nice, but we al:o took the precaution to dig up some of (he best pl.ints and set them in a place by themselves where they could be kept from weeds. These were not cut back, anil from these we gol all our berries the subsequent sua- SO!!. We saw once an old experiment in stunting grain made by sin old and shrewd farmer. On one corner of his ! iield sewn with oats was a very rich place, where a barn or stack or ma nuie heap had once stood. Here the grain always lodged. Taking his cue from this, the farmer drew a heavy 40 --tooth drag over his place after the oits were two or three inches high.' and then rolled it down. Neighbors said this wuuld hurt the oats. That, he replied, was just what he wanted to do. They were growing too rank The drag tore the leaves, caused the plant to tiller, and in the check thus : given to its rampant growth the grain stood up till it ripened. Four-leaved clover is not a, distinct variety of clover, but only a sport, the variation being in the presence of 1 four leaves in the plant which derives its botanic nune, trifolimn, from its ; thret-clus'.ered leaves. It is barely possible that by judicious selection a four leaved trifulium may be bred. The difficulty U that the same plant often produces both three and four; leaved clovers, and little dependence could be placid on get*ing seed that '.vou'il perpetuate the abnormal char-! nc'cristii'. Fmir-lfiaved ('lovers are act eristic. Four-leaved clovers are said tc be especially abundant this year in localities having a great amount of r.iin. It has been suggested that the exuberance of vegetation in wet, w.irni weather causes the clover i to indulge in an extra leaf. Professor Bhelton, of the Kansas jjtate Agricultural college, writing of alfalfa, says that to raise it success fully the ground should receive thorough preparation by plowing and ! hi. rowing. Bow no less than 20 pounds of seed to tho acre, and sow this about the middle of April. Har row in lightly, following with a roller, if possible. Do not bo oiscourged if the plant makes a feeble growth dur ing the lir.st season, as they usually do. Alfalfa should not be pastured or I mowed during tlie ant and critical season. The mower should occasion • ally be run over the ground high enough to miss the alfalfa anil cut off the tops of the weeds. After this sea son the alfalfa will take care of itself and all the weeds within it 6 reach. As the cold weather approaches, every kind-hearted man who owns a horse will provide his animal with a comfortable blanket, both for stable wear and for covering when hitched out of doors. Nor is it a matter of kindness of heart alone, but it v really a matter of economy with the ;ov ncr of the horse. An animal which ia kept comfortably blanketed will keep in good condition and come out in the spring better prepared for bar.! work on less feed than one that is af forded none but its natural piotection. The cost of the blanket will be more than saved in the feed, beside adding i to the physical comfort and appear ! ance of the beast. When purchasing I blankets it is an object to get the best I ' for your money, and the cheapest are j , not always those that cost least at the start. A good blanket, which will ; prove durable and last, is the cheapest j in the end. An Eastern journal says : "It seems ' to us that some of the old calculations about the cost of fences in this country | and of keeping them in repair, a* : being respectively greater than the na ! tional debt and the interest on it are becoming somewhat superannuated. No t'.oubt fences cost more than they -hould, but their yearly cost is de- I creasing, in all the older parts of the ! country at least, by substitution of j soiling and ensilage for the old pastor- I age system. The national debt has greatly decreased since calculations were made, and the interest account still more; but we think that the dis |me of fencing has kept pace with i either of these. A great, deal of fenc -1 ing material i? still used, but it is : every year in larger proportion cf wire. Very few rails are now put up in the old fashioned worm fence. Old rails | are sometimes used, but they are I mostly spiked to posts set in straight I lines, and generally surmounted with j a barbed wire af the top, to make the rails go farther and to make the fence more effective." «■ The departure of about fifty Union j Paciiic railroad surveyors from Ked ding recently created much excite ment among the people. It is believed the surveyors are to look for a route j to Boise City, Idaho. PORTLAND MARKET REPORT. The stite of the mercantile market has remained unchanged throughot the past week, wheat -being alone affected. Cable advices from Liverpool do not give promise of a change for the better until alter the Christmas holidays. The retail holiday trade is very active, ready money being more plentiful than usual at this time of the year. GtfOCEMES-Sugars have fallen ie sines our last report. We quote C f-,'c, extra C fie, dry granulated 7|c, cube, crushed and powdered Tic. Coffees firm, Java 2cc, Costa Rica 19 cs2oc, Salvador 18®19c, Arbuckle's roasted 2 He. In canned table fruit, assorted, :24s §2 per doz: pic fruit, assorted, 2!is $I.2(fcgl.;tO. 8a $3.75. PROVISIONS -Oregon hams are qnot edat llA(<flsc, breakfast bacon Uc,ehou' deraMMe, Kastern meat is quoted as fol- lows: Hams 13(citic, breakfast bicon We, sides lljc. FRUITS— Green fruit receipts 1253 bis. Hard fruit is scarce, and the supply of ap ples not equal to the demand. Apples 5064 (m per bx, Mexican oranges $1, lemons $696.50 per h\, bananas $.%email@example.com, quinces 40 stiOc. VEGETABLES— well .supp'ied. Cabbage i a. lc per B>, carrots and turnip* "5c per sack, red pepper 3c per potatoes 40£45 c per pack, sweet 1 ffa.'c per lt>. DRIED FRUlTS—Receipt* 40!) pkges. dried apples 4'as; per lb, - factory sliced !>c, factory plums H&.h. Oregon prune* ~.'<z!'c, pears 0 a. peaches 10? lie, rai-ins §2.2) per box, Call ornia figs He, Smyrna 18c per ft. DAIRY PRODUCE-Butter receipts for the week 15!) pkges. Fancy creamery :Cjc per tb, choice dairy 3 pc, medium i7<23oc common 20c, eastern 25<&30c. EGGS —Receipts 102 cases. Oregon 35c, eastern 32<S32Jc. POULTRY — Chickens 53.50®4, for large young and $1 ■ 4 50 for old, turkeys IVJ®I3Jc per !t>, ducks fo!§7 per dozen, geese $8 a 0. WOOr.-Receipt^i for week 221.800 lbs. Valley ]S®2oc Eastern Oregon 10;ai5o. -Receipts for week 1627 lbs. Choice l-2i<fl lie. GRAIN"-Receipts for week 94,206 cUs. Valley £1.37*01.40. Eastern Oregon $1,321 ©1.40. Oats 32 S3sc Fi OUR -Receipts for week 5670 bbls. Standard 24,75, ottier brands $4.25. FEED—Barley ?23Jper ton, mill do $18®i*.5O, shorts $18 50, bran§ls.so, baled hay $13® 13, 100 c §li(Sl". FKTSII MEATS—Beet live, 3c, dressed C-, mutton, live, 3c, dressed 0\ lambs S2 2i each, hogs, live, sit fie, dressed 7@ 74, veal 0 m 7c. PITH AND POINT. —We need each other's forbearance as well as encouragement in order to do our best We do not all see alike; we can not all work in the same way. —When marriage is a failure, there Is a good deal more wrong with the man or woman, or both, than with marriage.— Philadelphia Press. —A frosr which depends on his —A frog which depends on his brains instead of his legs would stand a mighty poor show in a puddle near a school-house. — Detroit Free Press. —In the bright lexicon of youth there is no such word as fail, but later on, when the youth gets into business for himself, then the word shows up in good shape. —Corn is not only king, but it is th© fodder of our country. Hence no American's patriotism caw be ques tioned when he shouts: "God save the king!"— W'.slcrn Plowman. —It is a greater wrong to be extrav agant with strength than to be extrav agant wit} • money. It is poer economy to save pennies at the expense of a great deal of strength and tt,<ne. Spend all in moderation, but hold time and strength -sa of more value than money. —The liner the nature the more flaws will it show through the clearness of it. The best things are seldom seen in their best form. The wild grass grows well and strongly one year with another; but the" wheat is, by reason of its greater nobleness, liable to a bit ter blight. — Buskin". —When a man's linger is not like those of other people he knows to feel dissatisfied; but, if his mmC U net lite* that of other people, he does not k|»s*r to feel dissatisfied. 'Phil is called ignorance of he relative importance of things. — Hindu. * • * —The Portland Oregoniaii. tells of a peculiar sight witnessed the other dsj by passengers on the ferry from Van couver. A seal was in pursuit of a salmon. The fish darted hither and thither, and frequently leaped out of the water. The passengers became very much excited in watching 1 the race. Finally the fish darted up t« the boat and jumped on board. A member of the boat's crew sold it to a farmer, tc the great indignation of the passengers, j who wanted it taken to a safe distance j and restored to the water. : —There is one old-time habit, says !an exchange, that used to be widely prevalent in the United States, especi : ally in the West and South—the tobacco ! chewing habit—that has c&rtainly de ! clined in the present generation. The j manufacturers of chewing tobacco say ! that the trade in it- has not grown with i the growth of our population, but that |in many States it is less than half as large as it used to be before tho war. In the New England States it has be come of very slight account. The States in which it now has the greatest hold are Kentucky, Missouri, Tennes | see, and Arkansas. It is Ml unwhole j some habit; offensive to decent people, I and ought to disappear, I - . " . / —My Boy, do you recollect tlie home i made shirt that your dear old mother | made for you long ago with her own ! hands? Do you recollect the handful of shirt-bosom that you could pick up and duck your- chin into, where the 1 throat ought to be? Then don't sit i down and grumble about Fate, because" the world's affairs don't fit you ■as if they were made to measure. If you grow too big for' your garment, you 4 may split it and have none.— Puck. #2.00 PER YEAR. PUTTING AWAY CLOTHES. i «__ - ■ - -*--■ —*.»-* - ■*■ , How to Take Care or Summer Clothing Through the Winter Seaauu. Although the putting away of th« summer clothes does not involve at much labor or time as the winter, '■ yet the careful housewife knows that any care expended on this work now i* amply repaid when the clothes. ar« wanted for use in the warm weather. j Some women who are extremely care ful when putting away winter cloths*, are very careless in regard to summer clothing. If there are woolen goods atnoHg them, such M soft, light-weight flannel, so popular nowadays that a person's wardrobe is not thought to be ; complete lacking a suit of this kind for j Bummer wear, they are treated in the ! some careful manner as those of the : winter, but the rest of the summer j garments are but indifferently cared | for. As moths do not thrive on a diet of cotton. thei"e is little need of pre caution in regard to their invasion, consequently 'lie summer clothing is generally hung or packed away oare lessly. There are some women, mont,excel lent housekeepers, who when putting awny wash dresses, such .as lawns, j cambrics, print?, etc., always have them mashed, starched and done up, so that when taken out in the spring they only need «n airing to make them ready for use. This is not a good plan, for clothes put away in this way are sure to <-ut Clothes of this kind should not be starched, but if they are, <is in tho case of being ready to wear, and the eha-.ige of the season forbidding it. the starch ought to be washed out, and the garment put away rough dry. If the dresses are hung in a closet or room, they should always be covered with a cambric curtain. Long cambric bags are used by some housewives for putting away dresses, and where there is room enough, they are excellent, but where there is a large family, more particularly where thei-e are children, this plan could not be fol lowed successfully. Where a woman has a roomy house, she has very little trouble in deciding where the clothe* shall be laid away, but where she is cramped for room, it is hard to decide what shall be done with them. Some | women, who was boarding, and was con fronted with this same problem, had a long, narrow pine box made with hinges 1 at the top, so it would open like a trunk. This she lined with white cambric, and covered the outside with cretonne, first putting a cushion on the top. In this box she put her superfluous cloth ing. Her winter garments were placed in it in the summer, and her summer clothing in winter. When closed it made a pretty divan, and with castors on it could be moved to any part of the room. A soap box, covered in the same manner, answered the purpose of a hat box. All garments needing repairs should be mended, if possible, before putting away. It seems a little thing, and it is mostly very convenient and tempting to place them away just as they are, trusting to mend them early enough in the spring. Usually there is so much to do at the latter season that the re pairing of summer clothing is wholly forgotten, and only remembered wheu wanted for use. There are few things as diseowging to a housewife a« a pile of Slimmer clothes waiting repairs when her time is required for other work', consequently, if the summer mending is done ere putting away, it will not Itnvo to be done nfter the spring cleaning, when the housewife is exhausted in body and mind. Woolen garments will need to be cared for the same as winter clothes. using a good piece of camphor, and doing each garment tightly in news paper or trunks, fastening the edges so as to exclude moths. Sunshades brush well, do up in paper ami place away in drawers or boxes. If hats with velvet? in- feathers are to be placed away put away the s.-nne as woolen garment^ a- moths revel in feathers. l.is-lo thread or any of the common summer gloves may be washed in warm suds, rinsed and dried. and they will look almost new. Before putting away the clothes make a memorandum of all the articles to be placed away, md you will find it a great help when readjust ing the family summer wa?urobe.— Boston Budget. , A Gotham Fairy Tale. "You see,'' said a Broadway car con ductor, as he registered two fares on the indicator in response to three just received, "it isn't as easj for us con ductors to cheat the company as the public seem to think. We are re quired," he continued, "as he collected five fares and rang up three in a buoy ant manner, "to obtain five cents from every passenger, and then to register each fare on the indicator. Of course," he observed, meanwhile ringing up one in exchange for two fares taken in, "each passenger sees me ring the Indi cator for his or her fare, and it is im possible not to do so without being found out. "Why," he added, jerking the rope so gently that the indicator didn't ring for the two fares ha had then pocketed, "if I did not register every fare I receive I should deem It proper for any one to have me arrested for dishonesty." So I had him arrested. -Puck. "Ma," said a little student of natur al history, "do frogs go to Ireland in the winter time, when every thing is froze up?' "No, my dear; what makes you ask such a question?" "Because teacher says they always hibernate, in winter,"' was the reply of the observing young hopeful. —The genius of America Is stepping high . about these days. a The average number" of = patents * issued * weekly: i» over three hundred '