Newspaper Page Text
VOL. 1. NO. 11.
J. D. KIRKWOOD, I> E IV t i « T , Pullman. •■.)■ iiigton Ter. Office Hours : 9 a. m. to 12 m , and 1 to 4 p. m. STEWART BLOCK. MAIN ST. E. H. LETTERMAN *. CO., I>exilei*j-» in Grain. Highest market price paid for Wheat, Oats, barley and Flax. PULLMAN, - WASHINGTON TER. WILLIAM NEWTON, Attorney and Counselor at Law, PULLMAN, W. T. Money to loan on real •ntate at the lowest rates of interest. All legal business promptly attended to. Taxes paid for non-residents. Col lections promptly made. and remitted. - <• H. J. WEBB. .1. F. WATT. WEBB & WATT, Physicians and Surgeons Are Prepared to Treat All Special Diseases. Office in Stewart Block. PULLMAN", "WASHINGTON TEK. 11. O. WILLIAMSON, FASHIONABLE Barber and Hair Cutter. Special Attention is Given to Cutting : and : Trimming Ladies' and Children's Hair. Hot and Cold Baths. PULLMAN, WASH. TKIt. PACIFIC INSURANCE CO CAPITAL, STOCK: $500.000 #500,000 $500,000 PORTLAND . - OREGON. W. V. WINDUS, Agent. full man. Washington Ter. MASON BROTHERS, ♦ Proprietors Pullman Meat Market. Dealers in all kinds of Fresh and Cured Meat. Specialties In Mcaaoa. £Kp-Highest market prices paid for Cattle and Hides, Hogs, etc. Nodlne Block, - • Main Street. VICTOR HUNZIKER, Jeweler: and : Engraver . — AND — I -:-. Practical -:- Watchmaker. -:- Pullman, Washington Ter. . , f^-Kepnlriug of Watches, Clock«,>nd Jew- Iry a specially, Posaofliee Iluildinir. BARNEY IIATTRUP, — TROrRIETOR — Pullman Sample Room, Cor. Main and «.mini streets. Fine "Wines, Liquors and Cigars. Porfoct order maintained and gentlemanly treatment to every one. Pullman. - • Washington Ter. Union Pacific Railway. OREGON SHORT LINE. • Through Pullman Sleepers and Modern Day Pouches to Omaha. Council Mutt's ami Kansas Cms making DIRECT CONNECTIONS to the •itiei of DENVER,CHEYENNE, SALT LAKE CITY OODEN, COUNCIL itI.IFFS. OMAHA. KANSAS CITY. ST. LOUIS, CHICAGO, end all points in the East and South. gage checked through from Pill wan to all points named. ■ • Family Sleepers Free on All Through Trains. nv>r fnrther Information regarding territory t Jverwd. rated of far,', descriptive pamphlets, £J V Jtply to nearest agent of the Union Pacific «liiway.or O. K. & >'• Co., or address KaU ' H. H. BROWN, Agent, Pullman. T. S. Tbbbits, 0. P. & T. A., Omaha, Neb. A. L. Maxwell, G. P. & f. A., O. R. & N. Co., Portland, Oregon. She litaUnum ffefalk j PACIFIC COAST NOTES. MLt'ers of Local and General Import Gathered from All Sources for the Benefit of Our Readers. Firewocd is scarce at Fresno. Walla Walla has a postal delivery. Riverside. Cal., has paid all its city taxes but f 75. Colusa has four and a half miles of graded streets. Newcastle's fruit shipment this year was 5,000 tons. The county hospital at Visalia was burned recently. The popnlation of Washington ter ritory is 240,140. The penitentiary at Walla Walla is lighted by electricity. An olive tree in Tnlare has grown eight feet since last August. Timber claims are being rapidly taken up in Mariposa county. An apple orchard in Laesen cleared '6000 the past year fiom 1500 trees. Packers ».re offering at Riverside $3 a box for navel oranges on the trees. There were erected at Tacoma last year 1014 houses, valued at $2,489, --i572. The windstorm last week brought down a good many trees in the Men docino woods. Yuba county is shipping apples to southern California and sending orang es to the north. A flume 35 miles long will bring lumber to Selma, Fresno county, from the Giant forest. The output of gold, silver and cop per in Montana the past year is put down at $00,487,000. At Walla Walla a dense fog pre vailed during the eclipse and at 2 o'clock lamps were lighted. The police of San Diego is con demned by a committee of the city council as corrupt and inefficient. S. W. Reed, of Fresno, picked 30 pounds of Flaming Tokay and Em l>eror grapes from his vine the Ist of January. Delegates met at Elleneburg, W. T., on the 3d of January and began the work of securing statehood to the territory. Large plantings of shad and speck led catfish will be made in the streams of Utah ritext June by the U. S. fish commissioner. The first ear-load of Oroville oranges was received in Sacramento last week, and two car-loads were being packed at Oroville for shipment east. N. J. McConnell, chief justice of Montana, has forwarded his resigna tion to the President, finding the du ties of the office too burdensome. The Teachers' convention which cloeed at Sacramento recently, recom mended kindergarten instruction and the admittance of children four years of age. The new Brotherhood of Railway Conductors, organized at L')B Ange les some weeks ago, is said to have in speci.il view revenge on the Burling ton Railroad company. San Bernardino's grand jury report condemns the county court-house as inadequate and the jail as a disgrace to decency. Slack business manage ment of county officials is also con demned. Th 3 approach of the Southern Pa cific railroad toward San Luis Obispo, is giving quite an impetus to travel. The road was completed to Santa Margarita, ten Miles distant, and trains runnihg on the sth of January. At Bakersfield there is a field of alfalfa from which live cuttings were obtained the first year, and "the ground was so thoroughly impreg nated with alkali that the surface is white wikh the salt." A flock of nine mountain sheep has recently been seen among the cliffs of Stein mountain, Elko county, Nev. A patriarch of the flock is reported to, be as large as a Spanish mule and his horns resemble tkc gnarled roots of an old cedar. The lumber cut of Washington Ter ritory the past year whs 700,000,000 feet, valued at $9,000,000. Of this amount, Puget soimd cut 450,000,000 feet and shipped by ocean 340,000,000 feet, valued at $3,7000,000. The for eign lumber shipments were $1,200, --000. Richard Hall, of Dixon, a well known citizen, early Tuesday morning of last week, while going home from S icramento, heard the whistle for his station, rushed while naif asleep from the car, and stepped off while the train was ia motion. He was seriously injured. Portland shows great progress. Her wholesale and retail trade in 1888 foots up between $90,000,000 and $1000,000,000, compared with $7j, --000,000 in 1887 and $42,000,000 in 1883. The manufactures of the city and vicinity aggregate nearly $14,000, --000, and the value of buildings erected $3,500,000. David Hart, a blacksmith and train ing with the Salvation army at Port land, took morphine and told the sum moned physician that he had had the drug for two years, but had not had the courage to use it before. He said he wanted" something given him to rnnke death easy, and when asked why he didn't jump in the Willamette river, he said he did not know how to swim. PULLMAN, WASH. TER., JANUARY 12, 1869. •MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS A Brief Mention of Matters of Gen.ral Interest.—Notes Gathered from Home and Abroad. Gladstone reached his 79th birthday recently. A rebellion has broken out in Up per India. The King of Wurtemberg is in feeble health. The opera-house of Tyler, Tex., was burned last week. The Tope last week celecrated the close of his jubilee year. Minnttr Phelps will return from England in a few weeks. Germany does not propose to in crease its artillery strength. The Bulgarian eobranje has granted amnesty to political refugees. The wife of Major General Schoiield died suddenly recently of heart dis ease. Collector Hager suggests that the duty on opium be reduced to $5 a pound. The date for tke Gwedore evictions in Ireland was set and carried into ef fect on January 2d. Dr. Carver attempted to brenk 00, --000 glass balls in six days at Minne apolis, last week, but failed to accom plish the feat. Princess Adelbert, ot Bavaria, was seized with hysterics in the Berlin Op era bouse last wetk. It is believed that she is insane. The badly mutilated body of a Ger man was found in Fairmount park, Philadelphia, Sunday. Much excite ment was created. It id stated that further papers re lating to the Sackville affair are about to be given out for publication by the British government. An escaped Soudanese baa offered to bring in General Gordon's sword,' clothes and papers, which are said to be hidden near Berber. At the close of a sparring exhibi- j tion at Brooklyn, N. V., last week, a panic occurred and a score or more of persons were injured. A large gathering at Liege, Bel gium, recently, adopted resolutions favoring the restoration of the tem poral power of the Pope. The daughter of L iwrenee Barrett, the actor, and Joseph Anderson, a biother of Mary Anderson, the actress, were married in Boston January 3d. Johnsion Katfield, the worst of the whole Hatfield gang, in West Vir ginia, and a ferocious desperado, died last week in Lawrence county, Ken tucky. Slaves, of the American Dredging company, it is stated, assures DeLes seps that he can finisn the second sec tion of the Panama canal in twelve months. F. W. Smith played Santa Clans at his home at Danville, Illinois, Christ mac, and enveloped himself in cotton batting, which caught tire and he was fatally burned. Robert Bonner's famous stallion Startle, the sire of many celebrated trotter?, including Majolica, with a record of 2 :15, died in New York last week, aged 21 years. Governor Marble, of Maine, has ap pointed James G. Bkine among the other commissioners to attend the Cen tennial celebration of Washington's inauguration in New York, April 30th. A Christmas gathering at East Prospect, Perm., was thrown from the second to the first floor of the build ing which had suddenly collapsed. Numbers were brniscd and cut, but none seriously. The London police believe that they are on the right clew to the author of the WhitPchapel murders. They have succeeded in locating him in the vi cinity of Drury Lane, by tracing let ters wriiten by him. Ira Payne, the American gun ex pert, vow in Paris, asserts that he has discovered a process for the manufact ure of gold from an alloy of silver and copper, and is trying to raise funds to start the proper works. The Ottawa board of trade has pe titioned the Dominion government to grant a subsidy to a fast line of steam er* from Quebec to Liverpool. The desire is compete with the New York and Liverpool steamers. Pierre Beauron who was supposed to be dead and whose sisters had been appointed to administer his estate, turned up at Shohola, Perm., the other day and secured ordeis revoking the letters of administration. An explosion of gas caused great damage in Boston, receully. Two men were blown 20 feet in the air and Fort Hill square and adjacent buildings re ceived a terrible wrenching. The ex plosion tore the street up. The unofficial list of represeatetives elect, recently published, shows that 20 Republicans were elected from the following Southern States: Koutucky, 2; Louisiana, 1; Maryland, 2; Mis souri, 4; North Carolina, 3; Tennes see, 4. Of these 13 are now members. The loss of life so far by the burn ing of the steamer Hanna, near Pla quemine, La., on the Mississippi river, is placed at 24. Of the injured men in the hospital four or five will die. The flags of the steamers iv the hai bor of New Orleans have been placed at half-mast. THE AGEICULTUKALIST Newsy Notes Concerning the Farm a d of Especial Rterest to the Pa cific Coast Husbandman. Be certain that there is plenty of wa ter where the cows are turned out to pasture. Clean, pure water is indis peusable to the milch cow. Ntver wait for rain when you h it« a crop under cultivation. Keep right on cultivating and you will be Mir prised to find how your crop will with stand the drought. Many farmers in western New York gave up the wool business as unprof itable long ago, but still keep sheep, and say that keeping the Button breeds is one of the best paying branches of farming. Tramping upon the hay in a b.iru often causes horses to refuse it. To pass from the barn-yard into the barn aad walk over the hay leaves odors which are quickly recognized by the animals when such hay is fed to them. Chopped clover-hay sc ilded is a cheap and excellent food for hogs, and they will thrive on it while growing, with but little grain. Bulky food is necessary for the distention of the stomach, and there is nothing so nu tricious for that purpose as the scalded clover. The price of onions is lower this year than for some time past. This is due to a large increase of area planted throughout the east, and to an uu usut'.lly large crop; the insects and diseases that usually attack the onion having been far less prevalent this year than usual. After winter grain is sown there is yet time to remedy defects of soil and exposure. If there is a knoll in the tield it is probably the poorest part of the lot, and one or more loads of ma nure distributed over it will hive a wonderful eli'ect, not alone upon the grain crop, but on the grass seeding. Good cider vinegar is always sala '- fele, and it pays to convert the surplus apples into cider for the purpose of making vinegar. The artificial vine gar cannot be used for choice pickles land other purposes for which good cider vinegar only in adapted, and does not, therefore, largely compete with it. Don't try to crowd 50 hens into a poultry house suitable for only 25, as the larger the fl >ek the fewer the eggs, proportionately, unless they have perfect accommodations. As a rule small flocks give a larger, profit from the same outlay Bhati when numbers are kept that cannot be properly pro vided for. Parsnip?, salsify and horseradish can remain in the rows where grown, as freezing does not injure them. If they are covered with litter, however, it will prevent sadden thawing around them in the spring. It is too much warmth that does injury in winter to such crops, rather than cold. A few warm d;iys in winter may be more detrimental than beneficial The first signs of disease in a flock should prompt the herdsmen to at once remove all animals not affected to a new, clean location. It is better to kill an animal that is suspected of having a contagious disease than to attempt a cure. Delay is dangerous. L'recaution in the beginning is better than any work that can be done in at tempting to effect a cure after the dis ease secures a hold. Most farmers who give no particu lar .attention to horses usually drive with a loose rein. This is well enough with the ''old family horse," in whom you have perfect confidence. It is never safe, however, with a young and spirited horse. Never drive such an animal wiih so loose'a rein tint you cannot instantly command the situa tion, whatever happens. Pork made from a considerable por tion of apple diet is peculiarly sweet in flavor. Hogs will fatten more rap idly on sweet apples than sour, if ap ples are principally depended upon; but if grain is fed with apples the eour will do even better than the sweet, as the acid v: ill as.-ist in the di gestion of the grain. It would be bet ter to feed corn for a few weeks before killing, to harden the pork. In California turkeys are raised in tlocks numbering several thousand. They are placed in charge of a herder, who drives them as he would a flock of sheep. They range over miles of territory in a day, and live almost en tirely by foraging. When the grain is cut mid harvested the turkeys are turned into the immense wheat and barley fields and the birds do the gleaning and become fat and ready for market at very little cost. One article of food cannot supply all the necessary sustenance, because it may lack some of the essential ele ments and is sure to have some in in suiticient quantity. A normal appe tite, that sure guide to the wants of nature, craves a variety of foods. It is not necessary to make the ration costly ; a little thought will provide a variety m the ration and without greater cost. As to regularity in feed ing, it has been amply demonstrated that aniaials do not thrive so well when fed irregularly as when they get their food at certain seasons. A practical dairyman gives the fol lowing reasons why he was more suc cessful with his cows than his Heigh bors were : " I'll tell you," said he, ;< it all depends where a man looks when he feeds his cows. My neighbors all look at the feed; consequently, they easily learn to scram p the cow all they dare to. When I feed I look at the cow just as I would any machine if I wa^ feeding it. You want to watch 'he machine and not the feed. It is a mighty easy thing for a farmer to get stingy feiding a cow and beat him self out. of dollars in trying to save cents." Among the many purposes to which old wagon tire* may be applied is the g.ite hinge. An old tire, too much worn for further service in its original capacity, is cut in two at the middle, ;intl the end of each piece is turned wi;h aa eye or socket to form half of a hinge. Then four inches from the socket the bar is bent to an ang'e. The other ends of the two pieces are then welded together iv the form of a V, the width of the open end being governed by that of the gate. The lower hinge is made in the usual man ner, with an upright pin at one end, and a thread and nut at the other. The upper one may be made in the form of a band, which is driven over the gate-post and fastened by nails driven through holes punched for the purpose in the band. When the corn is shelled the cobs arc worth c iring for for various use ful purposes. They make the best fuel for the smoke-house, giving the hams a: t\ bacon a delicate and agree able flavor, free from the pungency of oak ami other wood, which contains much acid. When steeped in kero sene oil they make good kindling for tires, and they are equally good for this purpose when saurated with a solution of one pound of saltpeter in two gallons of water and dried. They then burn fiercely, giving out quick heat sufficient to kindle a coal fire. But they are also good for feeding, as they contain as much nutriment as straw, and where straw is scarce the whole years may be ground together with advantage. The husks are rtill more nutricious, and may be ground up with the i\irs in mills made for thai purpose. la storing celery for winter small quantities far family use can be stored in boxes by first boring inch holes four inches from the bottom at each end and side of the box. Turn the b< z on en:l and pack tke celeiy in layers the narrow way of tho box. To each layer of celery iv position sprinkle over the roots only enough earth to mulch them well. Continue until the box is hi! 1. When you set the box down shake or jar the box to settle the dirt among the r>ot* <-i the plants. Then take a watering pot with nozzle and pour water through the augur holes in tho ends unlil all of the soil is thoroughly saturated, and 'tis done. The box can be set in any convenient niche of the cellar, and only needs occasional watering (al ways through the auger hole-) to have a supply of cri.-p, tender celery at -liort notice, without ths trouble of grabbing in the frozen ground and exposing both yourself and the whole !»t of celery in the trench. The increasing use of windmills for pumping water, etc., suggests that they could be made the foundation of. a fire department on the farm, that wou'd prove efficient in many cases. I'hi (.-fourths of the farm conrligra tlo s are discovered so early that the prompt application of 20 gallons of water, would put out the fire. But it is impossible to get water soon enough when it must be carried to the garret or loft in buckets. With a 14-foot windmill aud a strong double-acting force-pump, a continuous stream may be forced a thousand feet and to a hight of a hundred feet. But as the windmill and well are usually near the house and barn, it would rarely be necessary to havo the water forced farther than two hunnred feet or raised higher than fifty feet. The pipes are, of course, brought near to if not into, the barn and house. And with a few feet of hose attached to the hydrant in the yard or building, a sup ply of water surlijient at the critical moment, would be at command. The hose could be taken through windows or doors. If it is feard that at such a time there might not be enough breeze to operate the windmill, we have only to remember, how often an account of a conflagration also says "a stiff breez?" or a strong gale was blowing at the time. When there is not enough air stirring to operate the windmill, a fire may be readily subdued by buckets of water. When large quantities of roots are to be stored and there is not cellar room for this purpose, it is far better to construct pits than to fill the cellar of one's dwelling hou3e with a general assortment of roots and vegetable? to vitiaie the air of the entire house. If it is properly constructed, roots will keep better in a pit than in an ordi nary cell ir. The pits are dug three or four feet deep, six feet wide and as long as needed. The roots are stacked in these, beginning at the end of the pit, and following two feet of its length ; a space of six inches is left, and another section of two feet is built up, aud so on, in each case piling the roots up to the ground level; the soaces are then filled in with earth, and the pit will present a series of sec tions of two feet of roots and six inches of earth. The roots are covered lightly at first, but when cold weather comes, put on about two feet of soil, rounded aud smoothed to carry off water. Within the last three months nearly a hundred orphan boys under 12 years of age have been brought to Find lay and Fostoria, Ohio, to work in the glass factories. They come mostly from St. John's asylum, Brooklyn, and aie under contract for a year at nominal wages. This importation of child labor will be stopped. Mrs. Ira P. Stock well, of Sydney, W. T., was accidentally killed last week by her 14-year-old son, who was inserting a badly fitting cartridge in his gun. PORTLAND MARKET REPORT GROCERIES -Sugars have fallen Jc sine our last report. We quote C ifs, extra C I'c, dry granulated 7Jc, cube, crushed and powdered "4c. Cotloes firm, Java ire, Costa Hica 17 c'a 20c, Salvador lS.rl!),>, Arbuckle's roasted 23$e. In canned table fruit, assorted. 2is $2 i 5 per doz: pie fruit, assorted, 2is £1.3}. PROVISIONS—Oregon hamn are qtiot ed at He, breakfast bacon 14c, thoul ders lOj|C, Eastern meat is quoted as fol lows: Hams 13(all>«, breakfast b icon 13..C, sides lljc. FRUITS—Green fruit receipts 1.'53 bxs. Hard fruit is scarce, and the supply of ap ples not equal to the demand. Apples oOffi 75 per bx, Mexican oranges $4, lemons itifoO.aO per bx, bananas $3.50<g4.50. quinces -HlgtiOc, VEGETABLE?— Market well supplied. Cabbage j<rlc per R>, carrots and turnip i "5c per sack, rod pepper 3c per tb. potatoes 35@40c per sack, sweet l}far_'c per It). DRIED FRUITS— 495 pkges. Sun-dried apples 4'asc per lt>, factory siic d Sc, factory plums 7(SOc, Oregon prunes 7 !>c, pears 9 a 10c, peache-t S 210 c. rai«ins $J.:T> per box, Call ornia tigs Be, Smyrna ISc per lt>. DAIRY PRODUCE— receipts for the week V (pkgM. Fancy creamery Hoc per tti, eh ice dairy 36c, medium :7fe3oc common 80c, eastern 24c. EGGS— Receipts 17'J cases. Oregon 37Jc, eastern 2oc. POULTRY — Chickens $1<ff4.50, for Urge young and $1 ■■ 4 75 for old, turkeys l^Vnille per Ib, ducks $s£f7 per dozen, geese §9(?10. WOOL—Receipt* for week 200,800 lbs. Valley lSg)2Uc Eastern Oregon B'ail4c. HOPS-Receipts for week 1276 lbs. Choice 12J(al4c. GRAlN— Receipts 'for week MJM ctls. Valley 81.35.'<i1.-fO, Eastern Oregon $1.30 @1.40. Oat* 34®36c FLOUR—Receipt* for week f>7JO bbls. Standard 84,75, otner brands $4.50. FEED—Barley $23 per ton, mill do *18518.50, shorts $16.50, brau§ls.so, baled hay §13*15, loose ?li@ls. FRESH MEATS—Beef, live, 3J@3ic dressed 7c, mutton, live, 3J/<r3:c, dressed 7c, lambs 82.£0 each, hogs, live, sJ@(ic, dressed 7@7.J, veal o<aßc. WASHINGTON MONUMENT. The Kil.-ci of Heat and Cold on the Groat Stone Shaft. Great caro is taken to note the movements of tho Washington Monu ment, for it docs move. The Law of contraction and expansion of material by heat -and cold opeiates here as well as elsewhere. When the Bun shines full on the eastern face in tho morning the stones of that side expand and throw the shaft slightly to the west Then tho sun goes aiound to the south and tho apex of the monument makes a corresponding swing to the north. As the orb croeps about the sky to ita final sotting in the evening the glitter ing point on top of the monument makes a contra-m>vement around naif a circle, gradually setting back to its normil position after the rays of the sun have lost their power. This movement has never been calculatod, but is andoubtedly very Blight. The wind, too. has an effect upon the structure. From the center of gravity of the shaft, located 174 feet and 10 inches from the floor, is a cros3 beam from which is suspended a fine jteol wire, protected by a galvanized iron tube about four laches in diam ster. This hangs to the floor at the northwest corner of the elevator well. At tho bottom ia a plumb bob weigh ing twenty-five pounds, suspended by means of tho wire, and hanging hi water. An iron cylinder pro tects tho instrument from injury, and a little iron house about four feet high keeps off the draught. Through the cylinder is a telescopic eyepiece, in one end of which are two vertioal wires ibout one-quarter of an inch apart. When a candle is held at an opening in the side of tho box and the eye is applied to tho outside end of the tube, tho plumb line can be seen —a fine lino between the vertical marks. Any movement in tho shaft ia recorded by a corresponding' movement in the line. When the structure is at rest, and in its normal position, tho line hangs still, midway between the others, but when the shaft is disturbed by tho action of the wind it sways back and forth like tho pendulum of a clock, always coming to rest in tho center. This is observed every day. ami if tho custodian should ever notice the line hanging still at any point outside of the two cross lines ho will then know that the monument has been permanently moved from its level position. Until then, however, no one need be alarmed by the oscillations of tho shaft from the action of tho wind or the influence of the sun.— Washing ton Star. —Says an English periodical: "No one can say for certain that the Prince of Wai?s will survive his illustrious mother, whose health Is fairly good for her age. The prospect of the heir-ap parent's family have been lately under considerable discussion, and some pa pers have taken his royal highness to task for not applying earlier for further grants in aid of his children; but we are assures* that Albert Edward has not applied to the Government for any grant for his eldest son, nor does he intend to io so at present" —The Lcwiston Journal recently pro pounded the following question: 1. Of what nature will be the next economio invention? 2. What grea* economic invention is most needed anC idled for by the world? 3. Does any tiing re main to be invented by man, which shall be as revolutionary in its effects as the application of steam power? These were the answers received by General A. W. Greely: 1. The storage, without appreciable loss of electricity produced by natural forces, such as waterfalls, tides, eta 2. A cotton pikcer. 3. No. £2.00 PER YEAR. THE HOT SIROCCO. Whrri- It Origlnittra »n<l flow It Travels Nort lim :ir»l to Kurop«*. Most of tin; hot winds of the Old World in modiiied forms of the si moon. Tho sirocco originates in tho Sahara and travail northward to tho Mediterranean and Southern Europe, but it is not r-i) deadly as Its prototype. It brings with it great quantities of the desert s;md, and the air heroines s-o dense at time* that tho sun is ob scured as if by a London fog. While 1 it remain* on the African mainland it is characterized by a very marked dry ness, as there are no extensive water surfaces to supply it with moisture. As soon, however, as it is launched over the Mediterranean it begins to take up copious draughts, so that when it reaches Malta, Sicily and tho southern shores of Europe as a wind from bet we.ti southeast and southwest, it has undergone a change from a hot dry wind to a hot damp wind. Tho result of this alteration is that it be comes most enervating to the human constitution. Indeed, while it prevails, from one to several days at a time, life is scarcely worth living, so |I<l|HlwillU and burdensome is the wind. It is the pluiulmis AuittT of Horace. Hu man energy is quite dissipated under its fatiguing influence, and with a temperature ranging- between !I5 de grees and 110 degrees the streets of tho towns affected by it are deserted. Ac cording to the Italians a stupid book is put down as "era scritto in tempo del Bcirocco." To tho Sicilians tho op pressive wind is a perfect plague, for, although naturally indolent, they can not stand the further loss of energy in duced by it. During its prevalence iron rusts, clothes spoil with mildew, meat turns putrid, grapes and green leaves wither, wino will not fine and paint will not dry. Sicily experiences the sirocco about a dozen tir.K-s a year. but it is not so frequently mot with in other parts of Europe. There is no mistaking the origin of the wind, as the reddish sand is still present when it arrives on the northern shores of the Mediterranean and causes a misty atmosphere. In Turkey tho sirocco is known as the Samiel, or Sumyel, a name identical in meaning with simoon. It is supposed to have some connection with cattle disease in tho south of Russia. On the Spanish Mediterranean coast the wind draws more to tho east and is known locally as the solano, n damp wind, sometimes accompanied by rain, causing feverishness, dizziness and restlessness, and people are so "done up under its debilitating in fluence that we must "ask no favors daring tin' so!;mo." According to tho Spaniards only a pijj and an English man are insensible to tho wretched breeze. — ComkUl Magazine, HARD ON BACHELORS. How the Earlier Karen Looked I | I'n llillrrii'rf Men. Although hardened bachelors are treated with more respect than they deserve in these degenerate days, they were not in favor with the earlier races of men. In the time of Moses, *ith only rare exceptions, marriage was obligatory among the Jews. Ly curgus treated bachelors with in famy. They werr- excluded from civil >md military position* and even from jpectacle-i and public games. On <••■]■ sain solemn occasions they Were ex posed to the jeers of the populace and paraded naked around tho public, places. The lashing of bachelors was an annual ceremony, publicly per formed in the Temple of Juno by tho women of Sparta. In other republics of Greece there was established penal laws against celibacy. Demosthenes in pleading- against Lescharia says that certain emblems were placed upon the tombs of bachelors, which wen not honorary to the deceased. It was the eu>tom for young men to rise and surrender their seats to their elders. But no one found fault' with the young- man who refused this courtesy to Dueyllidas, saying: "No child of yours will ever make rot m for me." Plato exclaims against celibacy, and imposes a penalty upon it in tho sixth book of laws for his imaginary "Republic." Me wished no deference to be paid to the unmarried. Diony sius of Haliearnassus mentions an ancient law by which persons of ma ture ag-e wero obliged to marry. At Rome a penalty called theaes uxorium was imposed, and after the siege of Veii, Camillus forced the single men to marry the widows of those who had fallen in defense of their country. In B. C. 18 Augustus enacted a law (it does not appear, however, to have come into operation until B. C. 13), which was known originally as the Lex Julia de Maritan dis Ordinibu and afterwards as tho Lex Julia et Papia Popooea. By this law various penal ties were imposed upon those who lived in a state of celibacy after a certain age. An unmarried person could not take a legacy, unless he altered his condition within one hundred days after the death of the testator. — Notes and Queries. —A learned bootblack thus explains the scientific reason for a "shin.-"': Diamonds are nothing but crystalled carbon. Blacking, which is bone black, is little more when moistened than carbon paste, and the friction of a hair brush being one of the most efficient methods of generating electricity has the effect of crystalizing the carbon of the blacking. As soon as this is dono the boot is covered with millions of in finitely small diamonds, and of course begins to shine as a mass of diamonds would.— N. Y. Tribune. —She—"Good gracious! How dark it is. I can hardly find my mouth." He—"Allow me, Miss, to assist you in searching for it."