Newspaper Page Text
VOL. 1. NO. 12.
J. D. KIRK WOOD, I> IS > T I. T, ■ ■■il I until. Washington Tor. Office Hours : 9 a. m. to 12 M.. and 1 to I p. K. STEWART BLOCK. MAIN ST. E. H. LETTERMAN & CO., [Dealers in Ghrain.. Highest market price paid for Wheat, Oats, barley and Flax. PULLMAN, - WASHINGTON TEK. WILLIAM NEWTON, Attorney and Counselor at Law, PULLMAN", W. T. ' Money to loan on real •etate at the lowest rates of interest. .All legal business promptly attended to. Taxes paid for non-residents. Col lections promptly made ana remitted. 7. WEBB. J. F. WATT. WE 1515 & WATT, Physicians and Surgeons Are Prepared to Treat All Special Diseases. Office in Stewart Block. PULLMAN, WASHINGTON TElt. 11. C. WILLIAMSON, FASHIONABLE r Barber and Hair Cutter. Special Attention is Given to Cutting; : and : Trimming Ladies' and Children* Hair. Hot and Cold Baths. it i.l.man, wash. tkh. PACIFIC INSURANCECO - -CAPITAL STOCK: $500000 $500,000 $500,000 PORTLAND - - OREGON. W. V. WINDUS, Agent. Pullman. Washington Tor. MASON BROTHERS, . Proprietors Pullman Meat Market. Dealers in all kinds of Fresh and Cured Meat. H|M'<'inlti<-M in Season. £j^-lliKhi'si market prices paid for Cattle and Hides, Hogs, etc. MMlim- Block, - - Main Street. VICTOR HUNZIKER, • Jeweler : and: Engraver — AND —" -:- Practical -:- Watchmaker. -: l-iillinaii. Washington Ter. g^MXepairing of Watches, ClocVs.'and Jew lry a specialty. Postofflce Bnilding. ' ♦*-.-BARNEY IIATTRUP, — PROPRIETOR — Pullman Sample Room, Cor. Main ami <• itiinl streets. Fine Wines, Liquors and Cigars. V • .—. : Perfect order maintained and (?ertlemanly * treatment to every one. \ Pullman, - - Washington Trr. Union Pacific Railway. v OREGON SHORT LINE. Through rullman Sleepers and Modern Day Coaches to Omaha, Council Bluffs and Kansas CUv, matins DIRECT CONNECTIONS to the cities of DENVER. CHEYENNE. SALT LAKE CITY OCHEN, COUNCIL BLUFFS, OMAHA. KANSAS CITY, ST. LOUIS, CHICAGO, mud all points in the East and South. 'Kv-- '•' IJajssaS'' checked through from Full man to all points named. Family Sleepers Free on / All Through Trains. For further information reßarding territory traversed, rates ol fare, descriptive pamphlets, So ipplv to nearest agent of the Union Pacific Hallway, or O. K. iN. Co., or address . H. 11. BROWN, Agent, Pullman. j"rV" T S. Tebbets. G. P. & T. A., Omaha, Neb. A. L. Maxwell. G. P. 41. A., O. R. A X. Co., Portland, Oregon. , THE PULLMAN HERALD CONGRESSIONAL NEWS An Interesting Resume of the Week's Happenings in Both Branches of the Nation's Legislature Samuel Hf. Bixley has bfen appoint ed postmaster at Kelso, Cowlitz coun ty- James P. Starr has been appointed postmaster at Syracuse, Polk county, in place of Frank K. Hubbard, re signed. A railway mail service has been es tablished on the route from Wood vilie to Snohouiish, six times a we«k to take effect from tke 28th. Governor-elect Hovey lias left Wash ington for his home in Indiana. He will resign his seat in the House, which will be fill d by a special elec tion next month. Senator Cullom has reported favor ably a bill from the commerce com mittee to increase the salary of the surge.m general of the marine hos pital service to $6000 per annum. The total coinage of the United States mints for the twelve months ending the calendar year of 1888 was $65,318,614, divided aa follows: GjUI, $31,380,080; silver, $33,025,006; mi nor, tf>12,200. The Secretary of the Navy has is sued peremptory orders to hasten the work of preparing the Umieu Statts ships Atlanta, Vandalia and Mohican for te.u It is reported that the last two named will be sent to Samoa to reinforce the Nipeic A party of Dakota Democrats, re cently elected delegates by the Mitchell convention, are now in Wash ington, their object being to secure necessary legislation to carry into ef fect the dt sites of the convention, and fcbey (xpress the intention of remain ing them until that is accomplished. The President gave a state dinner of f<.rty-eight covers to members of the cabinet Friday night, the second of the winter's .-cries of oltici.il enter tainments. The White House was handsomely decorated for -the occa sion. A miniature lake, with banks lined with evergreens and red and white roses, was the principal floral decoration. A letter was laid before the Senate Friday from the Secretary of the Treasury in reply to a resolution of the Senate asking for copies of the rul ing made by the department as to the clarification of gill-nets made in Scotland, and imported for salmon fisheries on thu P.ieifie Coast. The Secretary says no decision has been made during the p.ist year on gill nets ready and fit for use by stluion tishermon. Claus Sprockets lus made a state ment before the Senate committee of finance, concerning his experiments in the manufacture of beei sugar in California, intended as an argument against the proposed reduction of duty on sugar and th« substitution thereof of a bounty of 1 cent a pound. Dur ing the hearing it was intimated that the committee would insert in the bill a provision, miking the bounty of one cent a pound operative until the year 1890. The members of the Senate commit tee having charge of the txritf bill have decide.i to oiler an amendment making the duty on lumber $1.50 per 1000 feet, a reduction of 25 per cent in the bill us reported from the com mittee. It was first proposed to make the duty $1.25, but a compromise on a |1.50 rate was secured by the sena tors from the Northwest. A proviso will be inserted that this raU» shall be conditional on Canada removing her export duty on lumber. C. C. W. West, Governor of Utah, is now in Washington. He intends to appear before the House committee on territories to oppose the admission of Utah as a state. This sentiment, he says, is t-hared by nearly every Gen tile in the territory. West places his objection on the broad ground that Mormons are unfitted to exercise tbe rights of citizenship. He says: "To give these people sovereign rights, as proposed, would be to place every non- Mormon in Utah completely at their mercy. Under the territorial form of government we are protected by Con gress and the Executive. Confer the rigUt of Statehood upon Utah and the Mormons would frame a constitution and laws so unjust and arbitrary in their character that an outsider could not live among taem. I favor leav ing it a territory, but so amending the law as to abridge the power of the church." The National Woolgrowers' Associ ation met in convention at Washing ton last week. Resolutions were adopted declariug, that while Con gress maintained a geneiai policy of protection, the wool growers a»d wool manufacturers in the United States have a right to demand that the du ties on wool and on woolen and worst ed goods shall be adjusted and main tained *o as to secure to them the American market. The resolution! protest against the Senate tariff bill so far as it affects wool, and providing for a committee of seven to formulate such schedule of tariff duties for wool as may be deemed just and necessary, and to present the same to the finance committee of the Senate and urge its adoption. They further declare that the determination of the economic and financial policy of this govern ment is so important to wool-growing and all other industries and business of the nation as lo require immediate and definite legislation, and if this shall not be accomplished during the present Congress an early extra ses sion of the 51st Congress is recom mended. PULLMAN, WASH. TER., JANUARY 10, 1889. PACIFIC COAST NOTES. 1 Mat" era of Local and General Import Gathered from All Sources for the Benefit of Our Readers. Fresno tailors are striking for better wages. Albuquerque, N. ML, built 300 houses last year. Wallula and Walla Walla are now connected by rail. John P. St. John will make his resi dence in California. Traver, Tulare county, Cal., now boasts a cheese factory. The penitentiary of Washington Territory is now heated by steam. A gang of hoodlums at Victoria at tacked the salvation army recently. North Yakima i* soon to have a system of waterworks to cost $100,000. Attempts have been made to rob people while getting on trains at Col ton. J. C. Leisure, of Pendleton, has re signed the position of deputy district at orney. An effort is to be made in the Ne vada legislature to obtain a charter for a lottery. Many arrests have been made on ac count of the recent not at the New castle mines. The sealing schooners are all pre paring to leave British Columbia ports for the north. The repairing shops of the Oregon and Washington Territory road are to be located at Walla Walla. The lone highwayman appears to be busily engaged in holding up stage coaches in northern California. The wind from eastern Oregon blows alkali dust which settles on the glass of the Fort Canby lighthouse. A co'.ored man assauted a pretty Pasadena girl last week, and if he had been caught the mob would have lynched him. L-irge numbers of miners are flock ing to *he gold mines in the Harqua- Hala mountains in Yumi and Mari copa counties, A. T. John and Fred Mile,who attempted to murder their father-in-law, Henry Caffery, at Santa Rosa, will have to serve one year in San Q!lentiQ- A Chinaman at Sacramento at tempted t'> Uke a stone from a rail road track, to prevent what he thought would be an accident, and was killed by a passing train. The wife of Charles Allen, of Grass Valley, has been sent to the insine asylum. She fancies she is a bird, tries to imit'te its twitterings and at tempts to climb trees. John Barry, a drunken scoundrel at Portland, was arrested recently fur whipping his wife's dead body and dragging it from the bed to the floor. because it would not rise at his bid ding. At a recent meeting of the Colum bia River Fishermen's Protective Union at Astoria, the price of salmon for the next cannery season was set at $1 per fish if caught in cannery nets and |1.25 if caught in private nets. The colored church in Sacramento had a sensation la*t week, when the janitor found a number of loud ciga arette pictures in the se:it which has been occupied the previous evening by a p.ir y of young female members. John Foster, who stole a horse from the neighborhood of Elk Grove, S.vc ramento county, Cal., last month, and who left a piece ot doggerel after him to induce a believe in the proximity of Black B.trt, has been sentenced to ten years at San Quentin. While passengers were being landed from the steamer Point Arena at Lit tle River, Mendocino county, last week in a boat, the latter was capsize and Mrs. Kilday and the daughter of an assistant keeper at the light-house at Point Arena were drowned. List week, at Bonita, Graham county, A. T., several sheepmen were grazing their flocks neai the range of some Chiricahna cattlemen, who wanted the sheepmen to go elsewhere. A battle ensued and five sheep-herders were killed and one cattleman wounded. There is trouble over land claims at Los Olivos. Squatters are flocking in from all quarters and taking possession of land on the Brinkerhoff and Laguna extension, near the town. The land in dispute is claimed to be part os the Bell ranch, between Los Olivos and Lompoc, Santa Barbara county. The little daughter of L. S. Kenne dy, living at Pilot Rock, had a nar iow escape fiom death last week. Two school-boys were shooting at a mark, and while crossing a fit4d on her way to school the child was 6truck by a passing bullet, inflicting a painful though not serious wound above the right temple. Charles Johnson, recently an in mate of the British Columbia peniten tiary, and now a resident of Portland, was"engaged last week in circulating a paper in Victoria headed, "Prison reform and hidden secrets , a brief ac count of the tyrany, injustice and op pression practiced iv the British Co lumbia penitentiary." The charges made against the officials are very se rious. George Vanderbilt, the millionaire son of the late Wm. H. Vanderbilt, bas purchased a tract of 3000 acies of valuable land in North Carolina. It is believed he intends to erect a i woman's college. MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS A Brief Mention of Matters of Gen ral Interest.—Notes Gat' ered from Home and Abroad. Rice troubles are feared at ArcoLi, Mi^s. Bernbardt gave ten performances at Cairo, Egypt, recently. JLagt year 13ofi people died of de lirium tremens in EuglanJ. The Paris police will search the houses of all known anarchists. The Sultan is one of the most en thusiastic chess pl.iyers in Europe. In Russia last year 80,000 dram sh»ps were done away with by law. Lord Coleridge has collected $35,000 for the widow and daughters of Mat thew Arnold. The British government states that a successor to Suckulle West will shortly be appointed. Final preparations have been made for the official trial of the 15-inch pneumatic dynamite gun. Another valuable coal deposit has just been discovered in Dakota, three miles north of Centerville. The Italian railway system is un dergoing a radical reform to facilitate the mobilization of troops. The largest organ in the world is now being built in London for Syd ney. It will cost about $75,000. France appears to be somewhat dis pleased over the debate in the U. S. Senate on the Panama cal project. Eugene Wetheril), husband of Em ma Abbott, the noted piima donni>, died suddenly at Denver last week. Mrs. Sheridan has accepted the de sign of Samuel H. Kittson,of Xew York, 'or the monument to General Shuridan. President Carnot of France received nearly a thousand Christmas presents from his admiring fellow-citizens of the Republic. Mrs. Parnell has deeded to her son, Charles Stewart Parnell, the Ironside. homestead and other property at Bordentown, N. J. Tliouarh nearly a million L*;bel rifles have been turned out in France, the government workshops are still turning out 3000 a diy more. King Leopold, of Belgium, has in- Btructed the bishops of his little realm to have prayers •-tiered constantly lor the safety of Stanley and Emm Pasha. A celebrated team of ball-fighters '"rom Seville, Spain, performed before 30,000 excited people at the City of M.xico recently. Four bulls were killed. Articles have been signed by Sulli van and Kilrain for a fight near New Orleans for a purse of $10,000 and the diamond championship belt now held by the latter. The most prominent brigand in China, Ho Ta Lio-hu, has been cap tured and killed. He was a giant, being 7 fett 2 inches in height and broad in proportion. Five negro murderers were drowned in Broad river, S. C, a few days ago, while struggling for the possession of money they had just taken from the body of one whom they hid murdered. Empress Frederick is understood to have made friends with her eldest son. the Emperor, but she failed to receive the customary Christmas present from him. It is given out that she requested him not to send it. James L. Wright, R. N. Keen, R. C. McAi.ley and Joseph S. Kennedy, the four original members of the Knights of Libor, have issued circulars to the knights which are expected to over throw the Powderly administration in the order. The Czar is said to have become reconciled to Prince Alexander of Bat tenberg, owing to the kindly efforts of a mo herly Grand Duchess who takes interest in the Princess Victoria of Prussia, and wants to see the young couple happy and married. Deputy Sheriff Moore, of Dallas, Texas, twice rescued a burglar fiom the hands of a mob last week, and each time tie culprit was hanging from a tree. The second time the res cue was made the deputy fired upon the lynchers and injured several. The city council of Cheyenne, Wy. T., has closed the deal with the Union Pacific and workshops will be imme diately established. The citizens of Cheyenne are oveijoyed, a boom has set in, and land in the neighborhood bus increased in value wonderiully within the last few weeks. M. Lucien Gaulard, who had so large a share in the introduction of the transformer system of electric lighting, died recently in a lunatic asylum in France. His friends at tribute his mental failure to the legal troubles he had experienced in con nection witu his various patents. When Will Bright, son of John Bright, wantel to reprove his fuller for the latter's severity for comment ing on his son's adherence to home rule principles, the young men wrote: "My dear father, these are not the kind of letters that should be ad dressed by one statesman to another." It is expected that not more than one million pounds of tobaaco will be raised in Egypt this year, although, three million pounds have been pro duced in former seasons. The de crease ie owing to the recent action of the Khedive in putting a tax of $157.50 on each acre of ground de voted to this crop. THE AGRICULTURALIST Newsy Notes Conce ning the Farm ad of Especial L terest to tie Pa cific Coast Husbindman, Georgia is to have an immigration bureau to encourage immigration to the State of industriotu and intelli gent farmers and mechanic-. D) not sell off your surplus hay or straw yet, or you may find yourself short of a supply before the winter is over. The amount to be retained de pends on the condition of the stock and the severity of the weather bt tween now and spring. Every farmer's son should be edu cated to a knowledge of botany and to thoroughly understand all the points of the different breeds of stock, as well as be familiar with the nature of fertilizers and their fitness for cer tain crops and soils. Do not be afraid to open the doors anu windows of the cellar on clear days. It is much better to have pure air in the cellar than to keep it close and damp. When the cellar is musty and a disagreeable odor noticed the entire house is likewise affected. A farm must not only be self-sup porting but should pay a profit. When the farmer reaches that stage when he is compelled to borro'T, or de pend on some income from another source, his farm is unprofitable, and he should then endeavor not only to discover the cause of his loss but also aim to improve in some manner, in order that the farm may be self-sup porting. Tne most disigreeable thing on the farm in winter is mud, and, although it can not be entirely avoided, yet some of i's disadvantages may be overcome by c irefully draining every location that allows an excess of wa ter to accumulate. When the cattle are compelled to stand knee deep in mud there is alossof animal heat, and a greater proportion of food will be required to keep them in condition. Churning cream when slightly sour, as is the custom in the Holstein dairies, yields buiter of a peculiar and fine aroma. Butter made from very sour cream is destitute of this aroma, and has the t-.ste which the Holstein butter acquires after keeping some time. Stirring of cream does not pro mote souring, but rather hinders it bX increasing access of air ; ik may be ad vantageous in making the souring uniform. Ferret breeding is a new and highly profitable branch of fanning in Aus tralia and New Zealand. One firm that h:is commenced the business on a large scale has contracted to supply 14,000 ferrets per annum for throe years to the government at 7s. <51. per htad, the creatures being delivered when they ire three mouths old. They have on hand two hundred fer rets and thiru rabbits, and the milk of three cows is required every day for their food. For very early eggs warm, com fortable houses, proper feed, and good care are necessary. If the hens have to use all the feed they get to keep themselves warm, if they are not sup plied with food containing egg-forming material, and if the houses are not kept clean and well ventilated, the egg basket need not be a large one. The roof of the poultry house should be tight, the sides well battened and the knot-holes covered, or the entire sides covered with tarred paper to pre vent draughts, and the floor made in a way to take no drainage from the outside and be perfectly diy. For ventilation, any plan whereby the fowls can be supplied with pure fresh air without being tubjected to draughts will answer. On how many places is it a pleas ure to viait the hen house? Although there has been a great change for the better during the last few years, the average hen house is still .-hunned by all who are not obliged to visit it. This is not surprising, as it is full of lice in summer, and iv winter i-j fjul with the e'tench from a year's accu mulation of filth. This need not and ought not to be. The poultry on a place, especially if a pure breed is kept, should be a "j)y forever." They never 10-e their interest. Each has its individuality, its likes and dislikes, like all other "stock, and a half hour spent in watching them is always full cf pleasure, and seldom without profit. Something new can be learned at every visit. Wood ashes have too great a value to be wanted. Every farmer's family should make its own soap supply. It is cheaper for the farmer to make soap than to buy it. When not util ized on the farm, "soap grease" is either wasted or sold for a pittance. | After the ashes are leached they are | as good aa before for manure, where j the soil does not lack potash. If a teaspoonful of clean wood ashes i» given every third day to horses iv their feed they will will very rarely need condition powders. The same amount given to cattle will have good results. Cattle, also swine, are fre quently seen licking ashes where rub bish has been burned. The ashes given to hogs may be mixed with their salt. Ashes correct acidity of the stomach and destroys some in testinal worms. Wood ashes are a valuable fertilizer for all crop?, but es pecially for orchard crops. They con tain all the mineral elements required by planta. The fine condition &u<i peculiar proportion of their ingre dients make their real agricultural value greater than the value com puted from chemical analysis. Coal ashes are comparatively worthless, but wood ashes should never be thrown away. IARKET REPORI GROCERIES—Sugars have fallen |c • sine *. our last report. We quote C SJc, extra C s|c, dry granulated 6|c, cube, crushed and powdered Tic Coffees firm, Guatemala 184®21Jc, Costa Rica 18||fc2t'\ Hio LWa^Uc, Salvadorl!)g2oc, Arbuckle's roasted 23Jc. PROVISIONS-Oregon hams are qnot ed atUW Hie, breakfast bacon 13J® 14',c, Eastern meat isqnoted as fololws: Hams VMaVA\<t, Sinclairs Wa 15c, Oregon break fast bacon litj^Uc, Eastern 13@13 c. FRUITS—Green fruit receipts 1231) bxs. Hard fruit is scarce, and the supply of ap ples not equal to the demand. Apples Bo(<d 85 per bx, Mexic n oranges $4, lemons HiCati.oO per bx, bananas J3.50c<5'1.50, quinces 40g;G0c, VEGETABLES— Market well supp'ied. : Cabbage j «lc per R>, carrots and turnip* ! '5c per sack, red pepper 3c per tb, potatows | 3Va.4Me per sack, sweet ljffciic per ib. DRIED FRUlTS—Receipts !H pkges. I Sun-dried apples i'abc per lt>, factory !slicd Be, factory plums 7@9c, Oregon i prunes 7 " Be, pears 9 " 10c, peaches 8 a 10c. raisins $;Tai2.25 per box, Cali ornia tigs Be, Smyrna 18c per Ib. DAIRY PRODUCE—Oregon creamery and choice dairy 350, medium 7<s3oe Cal ifornia fancy 30c, choice dairy 27Jc, eastern 25'<i30c. EGGS- Receipts 293 cases. Oregon 25c. POULTRY — Chickens $5ra5.25, for i large young and $4 4 7.) for old, turkeys 1 ltfelnc per Ib, ducks $5(67 per dozen. WOOL—Valley 18g20c Eastern Oregon lO'dslSc. HOPS-Choice 8 a 14c. GRAlX—Valley $1.35, Eastern Oregon $1.30 Oats 33 135& F i OUR -Standard 84.50, other brands 14.26, Dayton and C'a-cade $4.10, (iialiam $3.25, rye' Hour $ti, do Graham §5.50. FRFSII MEATS—Beef, live, 3J®3ic dressed 7c, mutton, live, "S^a'S c, dressed 7% lambs $2.t0 each, hogs, live, ojfetx-, dressed 7(a7J, veal t> & Be. FOREIGN GOSSIK oil is responsible for nine-tenths of the fires that take place in China. —The Emperor of Austria is very fond of chamois shooting, and in that sport uses an old-fashioned muzzle loading gun. —The great game of Japan is "Go." It is something like chess, and tha masters of it sometimes take twenty four hours for a game. —English girls are said to laugh at the idea of wearing stays while playing tennis. They mean business when they go into a court, and for tho moment forget to worry about what sort of a figure they cut. —"Walking Day" is tho odd and ap propriate term of a holiday in War rington, England, when children and teachers march in procession, and large numbers of tho people take excursions to various points of interest. —Old Emperor William as Jupiter, Lmperor Frederick as Mars, Empress Augusta as Juno and Empress Victoria as Minerva are four statues of sand stone which have been placed in niches above the grand entrance to the Royal Schloss in Berlin. —The Austrian Consul at Yokohama reports great difference in commercial morality between tho merchants of China and Japan. The Japanese, he says, are neither enterprising nor up right, but the Chinamen are solid and trustworthy in every respect. —A few years ago the Argentine Republic did not raise wheat enough for home consumption. Last year it exported 7,000,000 bushels. Immense tracts of pasture are being convened Into farm land, and the country is be coming a great grain-growing region. —English business men who have to send large quantities of mail matter to distent parts of the world find that they can save a great deal • of money by sending their mail in bulk to Bel gium and posting it there, the races being so much cheaper. It is said that the saving to one firm alono by this course amounts to $3,000 a year, and there is a loud demand for reform in the British rates. —An elevator for canal-boats, as a substitute for five or six locks, is in successful operation at .Argues, near St. Omer, France. The boats are lift ed to the height of nearly fifty feet by dydraulic pressure, inclosed in a reser voir made of wrought-iron platos, and separated from the rest of the canal by iron gates. When the required height has been reached, the gates are opened and the boat is drawn out into the main channel. —A British agent at Cettinje, Monte negro, reports that there is only one road fit for a wagon in the . 'iole coun try, and that there is practically no indu "ry, Montenegrins scorning any pursuit but that of arms. All the tailors, painters, carpenters, masons and other artisans are foreigners, and all goods except those which are the direct product of agriculture are im ported, and are of the commonest de scription, except the green and white cloth used for men's coats. —The English law carefully regu j lates the subject of the sailor's grog. I Every ship must carry a quantity of : lime or lemon juice aa an antiscorbu tic, containing fifteen per cent, of pala table fruit sirups, that is, sound rum of a specific gravity fixed by the stat j ute or sound brandy of a quality simi larly fixed. The Board of Trade tells how the grog shall bo mixed. One ounce of the lime juice is to be mixed with one ounce of sugar and at least half a pint Of water and must be served ' ip time for dinner. —What we are doing for tha children to-day, we are doing for the Nation to morrow. This is the teacher's field of ! work, and it is a grand one. Let tha politician work upon the g*-own-up me« E.U he may; he can do little, after all — that is, in improving them mentally and morally. They have passed ,th« plastic stacc But there is hope in the children. Those who would do good to humanity will be most successful who take the children by the hand. The teacher is the true state-builder.— 12.00 PER YEAR. OIL USED AS FUEL. Mmwdi anil Much ( litaprr Th in Coal or Cukr. An editorial in a recent issue of a Cincinnati paper argta the manufac turers of Cincinnati to consider the question of using crude petroleum aa fuel. Investigation shows that Cin rinnati is behind many other cities in the use of tho liquid fuel which is found in such abundance in Ohio and within such easy access of that city. Cleveland manufacturers use the Lima oil extensively as fuel, and aro «yen experimenting with good results in the direction of converting it into a i^:is for fuel purposes. Chicago is using 10,000 barrels a day of the new fuel. Even the town of Hamilton. Ohio, has made more progress in this direction than Cincinnati. A gentle man just returned from Hamilton says the number of oil cars he saw on the tidings led him to make some investi gations. He found a large Hour mill which is running three 100-horso power boilers with Lima oil as fuel. These boilers required nine tons of coal for ■ twenty-four hours' run, at two dollars a ton. malting eighteen dollars a day. The samo boilers aro run with twenty-eight barrel* of oil, costing fifty cents a barrel at Hamilton, a total of fourteen dollars. Two stokers and coal BhOTelera were dispensed with, making 1 a saving of three dollars a day for labor. The saving in shovels, wheelbarrows. finite bars, etc., for this establishment is estimated by the proprietors at two dollars a day, making the total daily expense of oil fourteen dollars, against twenty-three dollars for coal. Tho oil is said to furnish one-third more power than the coal, with less wear and tear on tho boilers. At other factories in Hamilton, boilers are run with gas made from Lima oil. Nearly every town of any conse quence in Ohio uses more or less Lima oil as fuel. In Harrisburgh, I'a., a firm that has a contract with the Gov ernment for furnishing steel for steel clad ships uses gas from Lima oil for melting steel billets. This firm states that they are able to melt a ton of steel billets from gas made from throe gal lons of oil, and regard it as one of tho most important discoveries of the age for the iLiinufaeture of steel. There are fifty of these gas plants now in operation, and one is being erected at Johnstown, I'a. Business men who are watching the progress of liquid fuel believe that within a year 150,000 bar rels a day will be used for this pur pose. The Lima Oil Company is composed of Ohio oil producers, and is entirely outside of the Standard Oil Company, has 200 cars of its own, and every ono of tho number is kept busy day and night. This company has made con tracts to furnish oi'<in Hamilton. Ohio, for two years at fifty cents a barrel. The amount of this oil that is being produced in Ohio is much greater than the public generally supposes. The total output of the wells is not under 1,000,000 barrels a month. When the actual gauges show a less produc tion it is when the large wolls are shut in and not allowed to yield up their full capacity. The Standard Oil Com pany pays the producers fifteen cents a barrel for the oil at the wells, and the fact that they have now 9,000,000 barrels in tanks in the region is evi dence that they believe in its future. The tanks in which the oil is stored are taken down and removed from the Pennsylvania fields where so much tankage is no longer needed. The oil is now being used for fuel purposes in twelve States and Territories and it is not unlikely to ultimately take the place of coal for manufacturing pur pose^ except in the vicinity of coal mines.— St. Louis olobe-Democrat. THE CAMPHOR TREE. Stupendous Laurels That Attain a Hrlght ciT Three Hundred Feet. One of the most useful and magnifi cent productions of the vegetable king dom that enriches China, and more particularly the provinces of Kiang-si and Canton, is the camphor tree. This stupendous laurel, which often adorns the hanks of the rivers, was in several places found by Lord Amherst's em bassy abova fifty feet high, with its stem twenty feet in circumference. The Chinese themselves affirm that it sometimes attains the height of more than three hundred feet, and a circum ference greater than the extended arms of twenty men could embrace. Cam phor is obtained from the branches by steeping them, while fresh cut, in water, for two or three days, and then boiling them till the gum, in the form of a white jelly, adheres to a stick which is used in constantly stirring the branches. The fluid is then- poured into a glazed vessel, where it concretes in a few hours. To purify it the Chi nese take a quantity of fine-powdered earth, which they lay at the bottom of a copper basin; over this they place a layer of camphor, and then a layer of earth, and soon until the vessel ia nearly filled, the last or topmost layer being of earth. They cover the last layer with the leaves of a plant called po ho, which seems to be a species of mentha (mint). They now invert a second basin over the first, and make it air-tight by luting. *The whole is then submitted to the action of a regu lated fire for a certain length of tinit\ and then left to cool gradually. On separating the vessels the camphor is found to have sublimed, and to have adhered to the upper basin. Repeti tions of the same process complete its refinement. Besides yielding this val uable ingredient, the camphor tree is one of the principal timber trees of China, and is used not only in build ing, but in most articles of furniture. The wood is dry and of a light color, and although light and easy to work, is durable and not likely to be injured by insects.— L'a'hu'a Monlhiy