VOL. 1. NO. 12.
J. D. KIRK WOOD,
I> IS > T I. T,
■ ■■il I until. Washington Tor.
Office Hours : 9 a. m. to 12 M.. and 1 to I p. K.
STEWART BLOCK. MAIN ST.
E. H. LETTERMAN & CO.,
[Dealers in Ghrain..
Highest market price paid for Wheat,
Oats, barley and Flax.
PULLMAN, - WASHINGTON TEK.
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
PULLMAN", W. T.
' Money to loan on real •etate at the lowest
rates of interest. .All legal business promptly
attended to. Taxes paid for non-residents. Col
lections promptly made ana remitted.
7. WEBB. J. F. WATT.
WE 1515 & WATT,
Physicians and Surgeons
Are Prepared to Treat All Special
Office in Stewart Block.
PULLMAN, WASHINGTON TElt.
11. C. WILLIAMSON,
r Barber and Hair Cutter.
Special Attention is Given to
Cutting; : and : Trimming
Ladies' and Children* Hair.
Hot and Cold Baths.
it i.l.man, wash. tkh.
- -CAPITAL STOCK:
$500000 $500,000 $500,000
PORTLAND - - OREGON.
W. V. WINDUS, Agent.
Pullman. Washington Tor.
Pullman Meat Market.
Dealers in all kinds of
Fresh and Cured Meat.
H|M'<'inlti<-M in Season.
£j^-lliKhi'si market prices paid for Cattle
and Hides, Hogs, etc.
MMlim- Block, - - Main Street.
• Jeweler : and: Engraver
— AND —"
-:- Practical -:- Watchmaker. -:
l-iillinaii. Washington Ter.
g^MXepairing of Watches, ClocVs.'and Jew
lry a specialty. Postofflce Bnilding.
' ♦*-.-BARNEY IIATTRUP,
— PROPRIETOR —
Pullman Sample Room,
Cor. Main ami <• itiinl streets.
Fine Wines, Liquors and Cigars.
V • .—. :
Perfect order maintained and (?ertlemanly
* treatment to every one.
\ Pullman, - - Washington Trr.
Union Pacific Railway.
v OREGON SHORT LINE.
Through rullman Sleepers and Modern Day
Coaches to Omaha, Council Bluffs and Kansas
CUv, matins DIRECT CONNECTIONS to the
cities of DENVER. CHEYENNE. SALT LAKE
CITY OCHEN, COUNCIL BLUFFS, OMAHA.
KANSAS CITY, ST. LOUIS, CHICAGO, mud all
points in the East and South.
IJajssaS'' checked through from Full
man to all points named.
Family Sleepers Free on
/ All Through Trains.
For further information reßarding territory
traversed, rates ol fare, descriptive pamphlets,
So ipplv to nearest agent of the Union Pacific
Hallway, or O. K. iN. Co., or address .
H. 11. BROWN, Agent, Pullman.
j"rV" T S. Tebbets. G. P. & T. A., Omaha, Neb.
A. L. Maxwell.
G. P. 41. A., O. R. A X. Co.,
Portland, Oregon. ,
THE PULLMAN HERALD
An Interesting Resume of the Week's
Happenings in Both Branches of
the Nation's Legislature
Samuel Hf. Bixley has bfen appoint
ed postmaster at Kelso, Cowlitz coun
James P. Starr has been appointed
postmaster at Syracuse, Polk county,
in place of Frank K. Hubbard, re
A railway mail service has been es
tablished on the route from Wood
vilie to Snohouiish, six times a we«k
to take effect from tke 28th.
Governor-elect Hovey lias left Wash
ington for his home in Indiana. He
will resign his seat in the House,
which will be fill d by a special elec
tion next month.
Senator Cullom has reported favor
ably a bill from the commerce com
mittee to increase the salary of the
surge.m general of the marine hos
pital service to $6000 per annum.
The total coinage of the United
States mints for the twelve months
ending the calendar year of 1888 was
$65,318,614, divided aa follows: GjUI,
$31,380,080; silver, $33,025,006; mi
The Secretary of the Navy has is
sued peremptory orders to hasten the
work of preparing the Umieu Statts
ships Atlanta, Vandalia and Mohican
for te.u It is reported that the last
two named will be sent to Samoa to
reinforce the Nipeic
A party of Dakota Democrats, re
cently elected delegates by the
Mitchell convention, are now in Wash
ington, their object being to secure
necessary legislation to carry into ef
fect the dt sites of the convention, and
fcbey (xpress the intention of remain
ing them until that is accomplished.
The President gave a state dinner
of f<.rty-eight covers to members of
the cabinet Friday night, the second
of the winter's .-cries of oltici.il enter
tainments. The White House was
handsomely decorated for -the occa
sion. A miniature lake, with banks
lined with evergreens and red and
white roses, was the principal floral
A letter was laid before the Senate
Friday from the Secretary of the
Treasury in reply to a resolution of
the Senate asking for copies of the rul
ing made by the department as to the
clarification of gill-nets made in
Scotland, and imported for salmon
fisheries on thu P.ieifie Coast. The
Secretary says no decision has been
made during the p.ist year on gill
nets ready and fit for use by stluion
Claus Sprockets lus made a state
ment before the Senate committee of
finance, concerning his experiments
in the manufacture of beei sugar in
California, intended as an argument
against the proposed reduction of duty
on sugar and th« substitution thereof
of a bounty of 1 cent a pound. Dur
ing the hearing it was intimated that
the committee would insert in the bill
a provision, miking the bounty of one
cent a pound operative until the year
The members of the Senate commit
tee having charge of the txritf bill
have decide.i to oiler an amendment
making the duty on lumber $1.50 per
1000 feet, a reduction of 25 per cent
in the bill us reported from the com
mittee. It was first proposed to make
the duty $1.25, but a compromise on
a |1.50 rate was secured by the sena
tors from the Northwest. A proviso
will be inserted that this raU» shall be
conditional on Canada removing her
export duty on lumber.
C. C. W. West, Governor of Utah,
is now in Washington. He intends to
appear before the House committee
on territories to oppose the admission
of Utah as a state. This sentiment,
he says, is t-hared by nearly every Gen
tile in the territory. West places his
objection on the broad ground that
Mormons are unfitted to exercise tbe
rights of citizenship. He says: "To
give these people sovereign rights, as
proposed, would be to place every non-
Mormon in Utah completely at their
mercy. Under the territorial form of
government we are protected by Con
gress and the Executive. Confer the
rigUt of Statehood upon Utah and the
Mormons would frame a constitution
and laws so unjust and arbitrary in
their character that an outsider could
not live among taem. I favor leav
ing it a territory, but so amending the
law as to abridge the power of the
The National Woolgrowers' Associ
ation met in convention at Washing
ton last week. Resolutions were
adopted declariug, that while Con
gress maintained a geneiai policy of
protection, the wool growers a»d wool
manufacturers in the United States
have a right to demand that the du
ties on wool and on woolen and worst
ed goods shall be adjusted and main
tained *o as to secure to them the
American market. The resolution!
protest against the Senate tariff bill so
far as it affects wool, and providing for
a committee of seven to formulate
such schedule of tariff duties for wool
as may be deemed just and necessary,
and to present the same to the finance
committee of the Senate and urge its
adoption. They further declare that
the determination of the economic
and financial policy of this govern
ment is so important to wool-growing
and all other industries and business
of the nation as lo require immediate
and definite legislation, and if this
shall not be accomplished during the
present Congress an early extra ses
sion of the 51st Congress is recom
PULLMAN, WASH. TER., JANUARY 10, 1889.
PACIFIC COAST NOTES. 1
Mat" era of Local and General Import
Gathered from All Sources for
the Benefit of Our Readers.
Fresno tailors are striking for better
Albuquerque, N. ML, built 300 houses
Wallula and Walla Walla are now
connected by rail.
John P. St. John will make his resi
dence in California.
Traver, Tulare county, Cal., now
boasts a cheese factory.
The penitentiary of Washington
Territory is now heated by steam.
A gang of hoodlums at Victoria at
tacked the salvation army recently.
North Yakima i* soon to have a
system of waterworks to cost $100,000.
Attempts have been made to rob
people while getting on trains at Col
J. C. Leisure, of Pendleton, has re
signed the position of deputy district
An effort is to be made in the Ne
vada legislature to obtain a charter
for a lottery.
Many arrests have been made on ac
count of the recent not at the New
The sealing schooners are all pre
paring to leave British Columbia ports
for the north.
The repairing shops of the Oregon
and Washington Territory road are to
be located at Walla Walla.
The lone highwayman appears to
be busily engaged in holding up stage
coaches in northern California.
The wind from eastern Oregon
blows alkali dust which settles on the
glass of the Fort Canby lighthouse.
A co'.ored man assauted a pretty
Pasadena girl last week, and if he
had been caught the mob would have
L-irge numbers of miners are flock
ing to *he gold mines in the Harqua-
Hala mountains in Yumi and Mari
copa counties, A. T.
John and Fred Mile,who attempted
to murder their father-in-law, Henry
Caffery, at Santa Rosa, will have to
serve one year in San Q!lentiQ-
A Chinaman at Sacramento at
tempted t'> Uke a stone from a rail
road track, to prevent what he thought
would be an accident, and was killed
by a passing train.
The wife of Charles Allen, of Grass
Valley, has been sent to the insine
asylum. She fancies she is a bird,
tries to imit'te its twitterings and at
tempts to climb trees.
John Barry, a drunken scoundrel
at Portland, was arrested recently fur
whipping his wife's dead body and
dragging it from the bed to the floor.
because it would not rise at his bid
At a recent meeting of the Colum
bia River Fishermen's Protective
Union at Astoria, the price of salmon
for the next cannery season was set at
$1 per fish if caught in cannery nets
and |1.25 if caught in private nets.
The colored church in Sacramento
had a sensation la*t week, when the
janitor found a number of loud ciga
arette pictures in the se:it which has
been occupied the previous evening
by a p.ir y of young female members.
John Foster, who stole a horse from
the neighborhood of Elk Grove, S.vc
ramento county, Cal., last month, and
who left a piece ot doggerel after him
to induce a believe in the proximity
of Black B.trt, has been sentenced to
ten years at San Quentin.
While passengers were being landed
from the steamer Point Arena at Lit
tle River, Mendocino county, last
week in a boat, the latter was capsize
and Mrs. Kilday and the daughter of
an assistant keeper at the light-house
at Point Arena were drowned.
List week, at Bonita, Graham
county, A. T., several sheepmen were
grazing their flocks neai the range of
some Chiricahna cattlemen, who
wanted the sheepmen to go elsewhere.
A battle ensued and five sheep-herders
were killed and one cattleman
There is trouble over land claims at
Los Olivos. Squatters are flocking
in from all quarters and taking
possession of land on the Brinkerhoff
and Laguna extension, near the town.
The land in dispute is claimed to be
part os the Bell ranch, between Los
Olivos and Lompoc, Santa Barbara
The little daughter of L. S. Kenne
dy, living at Pilot Rock, had a nar
iow escape fiom death last week. Two
school-boys were shooting at a mark,
and while crossing a fit4d on her way
to school the child was 6truck by a
passing bullet, inflicting a painful
though not serious wound above the
Charles Johnson, recently an in
mate of the British Columbia peniten
tiary, and now a resident of Portland,
was"engaged last week in circulating
a paper in Victoria headed, "Prison
reform and hidden secrets , a brief ac
count of the tyrany, injustice and op
pression practiced iv the British Co
lumbia penitentiary." The charges
made against the officials are very se
George Vanderbilt, the millionaire
son of the late Wm. H. Vanderbilt,
bas purchased a tract of 3000 acies of
valuable land in North Carolina. It
is believed he intends to erect a
i woman's college.
A Brief Mention of Matters of Gen ral
Interest.—Notes Gat' ered from
Home and Abroad.
Rice troubles are feared at ArcoLi,
Bernbardt gave ten performances
at Cairo, Egypt, recently.
JLagt year 13ofi people died of de
lirium tremens in EuglanJ.
The Paris police will search the
houses of all known anarchists.
The Sultan is one of the most en
thusiastic chess pl.iyers in Europe.
In Russia last year 80,000 dram
sh»ps were done away with by law.
Lord Coleridge has collected $35,000
for the widow and daughters of Mat
The British government states that
a successor to Suckulle West will
shortly be appointed.
Final preparations have been made
for the official trial of the 15-inch
pneumatic dynamite gun.
Another valuable coal deposit has
just been discovered in Dakota, three
miles north of Centerville.
The Italian railway system is un
dergoing a radical reform to facilitate
the mobilization of troops.
The largest organ in the world is
now being built in London for Syd
ney. It will cost about $75,000.
France appears to be somewhat dis
pleased over the debate in the U. S.
Senate on the Panama cal project.
Eugene Wetheril), husband of Em
ma Abbott, the noted piima donni>,
died suddenly at Denver last week.
Mrs. Sheridan has accepted the de
sign of Samuel H. Kittson,of Xew
York, 'or the monument to General
President Carnot of France received
nearly a thousand Christmas presents
from his admiring fellow-citizens of
Mrs. Parnell has deeded to her son,
Charles Stewart Parnell, the Ironside.
homestead and other property at
Bordentown, N. J.
Tliouarh nearly a million L*;bel
rifles have been turned out in France,
the government workshops are still
turning out 3000 a diy more.
King Leopold, of Belgium, has in-
Btructed the bishops of his little realm
to have prayers •-tiered constantly lor
the safety of Stanley and Emm Pasha.
A celebrated team of ball-fighters
'"rom Seville, Spain, performed before
30,000 excited people at the City of
M.xico recently. Four bulls were
Articles have been signed by Sulli
van and Kilrain for a fight near New
Orleans for a purse of $10,000 and the
diamond championship belt now held
by the latter.
The most prominent brigand in
China, Ho Ta Lio-hu, has been cap
tured and killed. He was a giant,
being 7 fett 2 inches in height and
broad in proportion.
Five negro murderers were drowned
in Broad river, S. C, a few days ago,
while struggling for the possession of
money they had just taken from the
body of one whom they hid murdered.
Empress Frederick is understood to
have made friends with her eldest son.
the Emperor, but she failed to receive
the customary Christmas present
from him. It is given out that she
requested him not to send it.
James L. Wright, R. N. Keen, R. C.
McAi.ley and Joseph S. Kennedy, the
four original members of the Knights
of Libor, have issued circulars to the
knights which are expected to over
throw the Powderly administration in
The Czar is said to have become
reconciled to Prince Alexander of Bat
tenberg, owing to the kindly efforts of
a mo herly Grand Duchess who takes
interest in the Princess Victoria of
Prussia, and wants to see the young
couple happy and married.
Deputy Sheriff Moore, of Dallas,
Texas, twice rescued a burglar fiom
the hands of a mob last week, and
each time tie culprit was hanging
from a tree. The second time the res
cue was made the deputy fired upon
the lynchers and injured several.
The city council of Cheyenne, Wy.
T., has closed the deal with the Union
Pacific and workshops will be imme
diately established. The citizens of
Cheyenne are oveijoyed, a boom has
set in, and land in the neighborhood
bus increased in value wonderiully
within the last few weeks.
M. Lucien Gaulard, who had so
large a share in the introduction of
the transformer system of electric
lighting, died recently in a lunatic
asylum in France. His friends at
tribute his mental failure to the legal
troubles he had experienced in con
nection witu his various patents.
When Will Bright, son of John
Bright, wantel to reprove his fuller
for the latter's severity for comment
ing on his son's adherence to home
rule principles, the young men wrote:
"My dear father, these are not the
kind of letters that should be ad
dressed by one statesman to another."
It is expected that not more than
one million pounds of tobaaco will be
raised in Egypt this year, although,
three million pounds have been pro
duced in former seasons. The de
crease ie owing to the recent action of
the Khedive in putting a tax of
$157.50 on each acre of ground de
voted to this crop.
Newsy Notes Conce ning the Farm ad
of Especial L terest to tie Pa
cific Coast Husbindman,
Georgia is to have an immigration
bureau to encourage immigration to
the State of industriotu and intelli
gent farmers and mechanic-.
D) not sell off your surplus hay or
straw yet, or you may find yourself
short of a supply before the winter is
over. The amount to be retained de
pends on the condition of the stock
and the severity of the weather bt
tween now and spring.
Every farmer's son should be edu
cated to a knowledge of botany and
to thoroughly understand all the
points of the different breeds of stock,
as well as be familiar with the nature
of fertilizers and their fitness for cer
tain crops and soils.
Do not be afraid to open the doors
anu windows of the cellar on clear
days. It is much better to have pure
air in the cellar than to keep it close
and damp. When the cellar is musty
and a disagreeable odor noticed the
entire house is likewise affected.
A farm must not only be self-sup
porting but should pay a profit.
When the farmer reaches that stage
when he is compelled to borro'T, or de
pend on some income from another
source, his farm is unprofitable, and
he should then endeavor not only to
discover the cause of his loss but also
aim to improve in some manner, in
order that the farm may be self-sup
Tne most disigreeable thing on the
farm in winter is mud, and, although
it can not be entirely avoided, yet
some of i's disadvantages may be
overcome by c irefully draining every
location that allows an excess of wa
ter to accumulate. When the cattle
are compelled to stand knee deep in
mud there is alossof animal heat, and
a greater proportion of food will be
required to keep them in condition.
Churning cream when slightly
sour, as is the custom in the Holstein
dairies, yields buiter of a peculiar and
fine aroma. Butter made from very
sour cream is destitute of this aroma,
and has the t-.ste which the Holstein
butter acquires after keeping some
time. Stirring of cream does not pro
mote souring, but rather hinders it bX
increasing access of air ; ik may be ad
vantageous in making the souring
Ferret breeding is a new and highly
profitable branch of fanning in Aus
tralia and New Zealand. One firm
that h:is commenced the business on
a large scale has contracted to supply
14,000 ferrets per annum for throe
years to the government at 7s. <51. per
htad, the creatures being delivered
when they ire three mouths old.
They have on hand two hundred fer
rets and thiru rabbits, and the milk
of three cows is required every day
for their food.
For very early eggs warm, com
fortable houses, proper feed, and good
care are necessary. If the hens have
to use all the feed they get to keep
themselves warm, if they are not sup
plied with food containing egg-forming
material, and if the houses are not
kept clean and well ventilated, the
egg basket need not be a large one.
The roof of the poultry house should
be tight, the sides well battened and
the knot-holes covered, or the entire
sides covered with tarred paper to pre
vent draughts, and the floor made in
a way to take no drainage from the
outside and be perfectly diy. For
ventilation, any plan whereby the
fowls can be supplied with pure fresh
air without being tubjected to draughts
On how many places is it a pleas
ure to viait the hen house? Although
there has been a great change for the
better during the last few years, the
average hen house is still .-hunned by
all who are not obliged to visit it.
This is not surprising, as it is full of
lice in summer, and iv winter i-j fjul
with the e'tench from a year's accu
mulation of filth. This need not and
ought not to be. The poultry on a
place, especially if a pure breed is
kept, should be a "j)y forever." They
never 10-e their interest. Each has
its individuality, its likes and dislikes,
like all other "stock, and a half hour
spent in watching them is always full
cf pleasure, and seldom without profit.
Something new can be learned at
Wood ashes have too great a value
to be wanted. Every farmer's family
should make its own soap supply. It
is cheaper for the farmer to make
soap than to buy it. When not util
ized on the farm, "soap grease" is
either wasted or sold for a pittance. |
After the ashes are leached they are |
as good aa before for manure, where j
the soil does not lack potash. If a
teaspoonful of clean wood ashes i»
given every third day to horses iv
their feed they will will very rarely
need condition powders. The same
amount given to cattle will have good
results. Cattle, also swine, are fre
quently seen licking ashes where rub
bish has been burned. The ashes
given to hogs may be mixed with
their salt. Ashes correct acidity of
the stomach and destroys some in
testinal worms. Wood ashes are a
valuable fertilizer for all crop?, but es
pecially for orchard crops. They con
tain all the mineral elements required
by planta. The fine condition &u<i
peculiar proportion of their ingre
dients make their real agricultural
value greater than the value com
puted from chemical analysis. Coal
ashes are comparatively worthless,
but wood ashes should never be
GROCERIES—Sugars have fallen |c
• sine *. our last report. We quote C SJc,
extra C s|c, dry granulated 6|c, cube,
crushed and powdered Tic Coffees firm,
Guatemala 184®21Jc, Costa Rica 18||fc2t'\
Hio LWa^Uc, Salvadorl!)g2oc, Arbuckle's
PROVISIONS-Oregon hams are qnot
ed atUW Hie, breakfast bacon 13J® 14',c,
Eastern meat isqnoted as fololws: Hams
VMaVA\<t, Sinclairs Wa 15c, Oregon break
fast bacon litj^Uc, Eastern [email protected] c.
FRUITS—Green fruit receipts 1231) bxs.
Hard fruit is scarce, and the supply of ap
ples not equal to the demand. Apples Bo(<d
85 per bx, Mexic n oranges $4, lemons
HiCati.oO per bx, bananas J3.50c<5'1.50,
VEGETABLES— Market well supp'ied.
: Cabbage j «lc per R>, carrots and turnip*
! '5c per sack, red pepper 3c per tb, potatows
| 3Va.4Me per sack, sweet ljffciic per ib.
DRIED FRUlTS—Receipts !H pkges.
I Sun-dried apples i'abc per lt>, factory
!slicd Be, factory plums [email protected], Oregon
i prunes 7 " Be, pears 9 " 10c, peaches 8 a 10c.
raisins $;Tai2.25 per box, Cali ornia tigs
Be, Smyrna 18c per Ib.
DAIRY PRODUCE—Oregon creamery
and choice dairy 350, medium 7<s3oe Cal
ifornia fancy 30c, choice dairy 27Jc,
EGGS- Receipts 293 cases. Oregon 25c.
POULTRY — Chickens $5ra5.25, for
i large young and $4 4 7.) for old, turkeys
1 ltfelnc per Ib, ducks $5(67 per dozen.
WOOL—Valley 18g20c Eastern Oregon
HOPS-Choice 8 a 14c.
GRAlX—Valley $1.35, Eastern Oregon
$1.30 Oats 33 135&
F i OUR -Standard 84.50, other brands
14.26, Dayton and C'a-cade $4.10, (iialiam
$3.25, rye' Hour $ti, do Graham §5.50.
FRFSII MEATS—Beef, live, 3J®3ic
dressed 7c, mutton, live, "S^a'S c, dressed
7% lambs $2.t0 each, hogs, live, ojfetx-,
dressed 7(a7J, veal t> & Be.
oil is responsible for
nine-tenths of the fires that take place
—The Emperor of Austria is very
fond of chamois shooting, and in that
sport uses an old-fashioned muzzle
—The great game of Japan is "Go."
It is something like chess, and tha
masters of it sometimes take twenty
four hours for a game.
—English girls are said to laugh at
the idea of wearing stays while playing
tennis. They mean business when they
go into a court, and for tho moment
forget to worry about what sort of a
figure they cut.
—"Walking Day" is tho odd and ap
propriate term of a holiday in War
rington, England, when children and
teachers march in procession, and large
numbers of tho people take excursions
to various points of interest.
—Old Emperor William as Jupiter,
Lmperor Frederick as Mars, Empress
Augusta as Juno and Empress Victoria
as Minerva are four statues of sand
stone which have been placed in niches
above the grand entrance to the Royal
Schloss in Berlin.
—The Austrian Consul at Yokohama
reports great difference in commercial
morality between tho merchants of
China and Japan. The Japanese, he
says, are neither enterprising nor up
right, but the Chinamen are solid and
trustworthy in every respect.
—A few years ago the Argentine
Republic did not raise wheat enough
for home consumption. Last year it
exported 7,000,000 bushels. Immense
tracts of pasture are being convened
Into farm land, and the country is be
coming a great grain-growing region.
—English business men who have to
send large quantities of mail matter to
distent parts of the world find that
they can save a great deal • of money
by sending their mail in bulk to Bel
gium and posting it there, the races
being so much cheaper. It is said that
the saving to one firm alono by this
course amounts to $3,000 a year, and
there is a loud demand for reform in
the British rates.
—An elevator for canal-boats, as a
substitute for five or six locks, is in
successful operation at .Argues, near
St. Omer, France. The boats are lift
ed to the height of nearly fifty feet by
dydraulic pressure, inclosed in a reser
voir made of wrought-iron platos, and
separated from the rest of the canal
by iron gates. When the required
height has been reached, the gates are
opened and the boat is drawn out into
the main channel.
—A British agent at Cettinje, Monte
negro, reports that there is only one
road fit for a wagon in the . 'iole coun
try, and that there is practically no
indu "ry, Montenegrins scorning any
pursuit but that of arms. All the
tailors, painters, carpenters, masons
and other artisans are foreigners, and
all goods except those which are the
direct product of agriculture are im
ported, and are of the commonest de
scription, except the green and white
cloth used for men's coats.
—The English law carefully regu
j lates the subject of the sailor's grog.
I Every ship must carry a quantity of
: lime or lemon juice aa an antiscorbu
tic, containing fifteen per cent, of pala
table fruit sirups, that is, sound rum
of a specific gravity fixed by the stat
j ute or sound brandy of a quality simi
larly fixed. The Board of Trade tells
how the grog shall bo mixed. One
ounce of the lime juice is to be mixed
with one ounce of sugar and at least
half a pint Of water and must be served
' ip time for dinner.
—What we are doing for tha children
to-day, we are doing for the Nation to
morrow. This is the teacher's field of
! work, and it is a grand one. Let tha
politician work upon the g*-own-up me«
E.U he may; he can do little, after all —
that is, in improving them mentally
and morally. They have passed ,th«
plastic stacc But there is hope in the
children. Those who would do good
to humanity will be most successful
who take the children by the hand.
The teacher is the true state-builder.—
12.00 PER YEAR.
OIL USED AS FUEL.
Mmwdi anil Much ( litaprr
Th in Coal or Cukr.
An editorial in a recent issue of a
Cincinnati paper argta the manufac
turers of Cincinnati to consider the
question of using crude petroleum aa
fuel. Investigation shows that Cin
rinnati is behind many other cities in
the use of tho liquid fuel which is
found in such abundance in Ohio and
within such easy access of that city.
Cleveland manufacturers use the
Lima oil extensively as fuel, and aro
«yen experimenting with good results
in the direction of converting it into a
i^:is for fuel purposes. Chicago is
using 10,000 barrels a day of the new
fuel. Even the town of Hamilton.
Ohio, has made more progress in this
direction than Cincinnati. A gentle
man just returned from Hamilton says
the number of oil cars he saw on the
tidings led him to make some investi
gations. He found a large Hour mill
which is running three 100-horso power
boilers with Lima oil as fuel. These
boilers required nine tons of coal for ■
twenty-four hours' run, at two dollars
a ton. malting eighteen dollars a day.
The samo boilers aro run with
twenty-eight barrel* of oil, costing fifty
cents a barrel at Hamilton, a total of
fourteen dollars. Two stokers and coal
BhOTelera were dispensed with, making 1
a saving of three dollars a day for labor.
The saving in shovels, wheelbarrows.
finite bars, etc., for this establishment
is estimated by the proprietors at two
dollars a day, making the total daily
expense of oil fourteen dollars, against
twenty-three dollars for coal. Tho oil
is said to furnish one-third more power
than the coal, with less wear and tear
on tho boilers. At other factories in
Hamilton, boilers are run with gas
made from Lima oil.
Nearly every town of any conse
quence in Ohio uses more or less Lima
oil as fuel. In Harrisburgh, I'a., a
firm that has a contract with the Gov
ernment for furnishing steel for steel
clad ships uses gas from Lima oil for
melting steel billets. This firm states
that they are able to melt a ton of steel
billets from gas made from throe gal
lons of oil, and regard it as one of tho
most important discoveries of the age
for the iLiinufaeture of steel. There
are fifty of these gas plants now in
operation, and one is being erected at
Johnstown, I'a. Business men who are
watching the progress of liquid fuel
believe that within a year 150,000 bar
rels a day will be used for this pur
The Lima Oil Company is composed
of Ohio oil producers, and is entirely
outside of the Standard Oil Company,
has 200 cars of its own, and every ono
of tho number is kept busy day and
night. This company has made con
tracts to furnish oi'<in Hamilton. Ohio,
for two years at fifty cents a barrel.
The amount of this oil that is being
produced in Ohio is much greater than
the public generally supposes.
The total output of the wells is not
under 1,000,000 barrels a month. When
the actual gauges show a less produc
tion it is when the large wolls are shut
in and not allowed to yield up their
full capacity. The Standard Oil Com
pany pays the producers fifteen cents a
barrel for the oil at the wells, and the
fact that they have now 9,000,000
barrels in tanks in the region is evi
dence that they believe in its future.
The tanks in which the oil is stored are
taken down and removed from the
Pennsylvania fields where so much
tankage is no longer needed. The oil
is now being used for fuel purposes in
twelve States and Territories and it is
not unlikely to ultimately take the
place of coal for manufacturing pur
pose^ except in the vicinity of coal
mines.— St. Louis olobe-Democrat.
THE CAMPHOR TREE.
Stupendous Laurels That Attain a Hrlght
ciT Three Hundred Feet.
One of the most useful and magnifi
cent productions of the vegetable king
dom that enriches China, and more
particularly the provinces of Kiang-si
and Canton, is the camphor tree. This
stupendous laurel, which often adorns
the hanks of the rivers, was in several
places found by Lord Amherst's em
bassy abova fifty feet high, with its
stem twenty feet in circumference.
The Chinese themselves affirm that it
sometimes attains the height of more
than three hundred feet, and a circum
ference greater than the extended arms
of twenty men could embrace. Cam
phor is obtained from the branches by
steeping them, while fresh cut, in
water, for two or three days, and then
boiling them till the gum, in the form
of a white jelly, adheres to a stick
which is used in constantly stirring
the branches. The fluid is then- poured
into a glazed vessel, where it concretes
in a few hours. To purify it the Chi
nese take a quantity of fine-powdered
earth, which they lay at the bottom of
a copper basin; over this they place a
layer of camphor, and then a layer of
earth, and soon until the vessel ia
nearly filled, the last or topmost layer
being of earth. They cover the last
layer with the leaves of a plant called
po ho, which seems to be a species of
mentha (mint). They now invert a
second basin over the first, and make
it air-tight by luting. *The whole is
then submitted to the action of a regu
lated fire for a certain length of tinit\
and then left to cool gradually. On
separating the vessels the camphor is
found to have sublimed, and to have
adhered to the upper basin. Repeti
tions of the same process complete its
refinement. Besides yielding this val
uable ingredient, the camphor tree is
one of the principal timber trees of
China, and is used not only in build
ing, but in most articles of furniture.
The wood is dry and of a light color,
and although light and easy to work,
is durable and not likely to be injured
by insects.— L'a'hu'a Monlhiy
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