Newspaper Page Text
VOL. 1. NO. 17.
J. D. KIRKWOOD, I> E TV T I S T, rallman. Washington Ter. Office Hours : 9a. m. to 12 it, and 1 to 4 p. m. STEWART BLOCK. MAIN BT. E. H. LETTERMAN A CO., Dealers in Grain. Highest market price paid for Wheat, Oats, barley and Flax. PULLMAN," - WASHINGTON TER. WILLIAM NEWTON, Attorney and Counselor at Law, PULLMAN, W. T. Money to loan on real »*tate at the lowest . rates of 'nternt. All legal business promptly attaaded to. Taxes paid for non-residents. Col lections promptly made and remitted. ■. J. WEBB. J. f. WAIT. WEBB & WATT, Physicians and Surgeons Are Prepared to Treat All Special Diseases. Office la Stewart Block. PULLMAN, WASHINGTON TER. 11. C. WILLIAMSON, FASHIONABLE Barber and Hair Cutter. Special Attention Is GlTen to Cutting : and : Trimming Ladles' and Children's Hair. Hot and Cold Baths. PULLMAN, WASH. TER. PACIFIC INSURANCECO CAPITAL STOCK: $500000 #4500,000 $500.000 PORTLAND • - OREGON. W. V. WINDUS, Agent. # Pullman, Washington Ter. MASON BROTHERS, Proprietor* Pullman Meat Market. Dealers In all kinds of Fresh and Cured Meat. Specialties In Beanoa. ' Highest market prices paid for Cattle and Hides, Hogi, etc. Seilnc Block. - - Main »t»e*t VICTOR HUNZIKER, Jeweler: and: Engraver — AND — -:- Practical -:- Watchmaker. -: rallman. Washington Trr. f*n-Repalrlng of Watches, dockland Jew lry a specialty. Pottofflce Building. BARNEY nATTRUP, — FROPRIBTOB — Pullman Sample Room, Cor. Main and Ursnd streets. Fine Wines, Liquors and Cigars. Perfect order maintained «nd gentlemanly treatment to «rery one. rallman, • • Washington Ter. Union Pacific Railway. OREGON SHORT LINE. Through Pullman Sleepers and Modern Day roaches to Omaha, Council Bluffs and Kaunas tiU making DIRECT CONNECTIONS to the ci& ?f DENVER. CHEYENNE. SALT LAKE Crr? OGDEN, COUNCIL BLUFFS, OMAHA. KANSAS CITY, ST. LOUIS, CHICAGO, and all points In the East and South. Baggage check, a throagh from Fall - man to all point* named. Family Sleepers Free on All Throu h Trains For farther Information regarding territory traversed rates of fare, descriptive pamphlets, , Jpply toTnearest agent of the Union P aclflc ' Railway, or O. R. * nTco., or address H. H. BROWN, Agent, Pullman. T. B. T«1B«T«, Q. P. AT. A., Omaha, Neb. , A. L. Mazwiix. 0. P. * T. A.,0. B. & N. Co., Portland, Oregon. She ipnlltiuttt. lleftiUl ■ v;--r- .■ ■'■•" - * NATIONAL TOPICS. PROPOSED CHANGES IN OUR IMMI- GRATION LAWS. A Demand on the Dutch Government for Heavy Damages—The Attack on the Exclusion Law—The Electoral College, The decrease in the public debt in January, was $12,216,284.75. The Territorial bills cannot be acted upon at this session of Congress. Carroll D. Wright, of Boston, has been confirmed as commissioner of la bor. The President's message on civil service reform will be sent to Congress in a few days. The House committee on appiopri alions have reported a bill repealing the tobacco tax. Congress has appropriated $250,000 for the protection of American indus tries in Panama. President Cleveland will shortly send to Congress a full history of the Sackville West incident. Senacor Sherman is trying to se cure an appropriation for dynamite guns for the San Francisco harbor. The attack on the Scott exclusion law before the United States Supreme ceurt, promises to be a vigorous one. A contract has been awarded for the construction of a dry dock at the Phil adelphia navy yard. It is to cost $548,700. One of the justices of the Supreme Court says that the Scott exclusion law will be sustained in the case of Chae Chang Ping. Captain F. M. Ramsey has been ordered by the Secretary of War to do duty as commandant of the New York navy yard. Representative Oates, of Alabama, from the judiciary committee, has re ported favorably the bill to amend the naturalisation laws. A bill has been introduced in the House granting the town of Moscow, Idaho, 130 acres of the public lands for cemetery purposes. Col. Lamont siys that he will occu py the position of president of Avenue C street railroad of New York city after the 4th of March. The Navy department has been in formed that Rear Admiral Chandler, commanding the Asiatic station, died at Hong Kong of apoplexy. Senator Dolph has offered an amend ment to the sundry civil bill appro priating $10,000 for the purpose <f publishing a pilot chart of the Pac:fic Coast. Senator Mitchell has reported favor ably the bill to punish dealers and pretended dealers in counterfeit money, and other devices, for uting the mails. The electoral vote was canvasseu by both Houses of Congress on the 13th inst, and Harrison and Morton duly declared elected to the Presidency and Vice-Presidency respectively. It is now authoritatively slated that Mr. Blame will enter General Harri son's cabinet us Secretary of State, a position that was tendered and accepted a few days after the election last No vember. A favorable repirt has bren made in the House on the bill withdrawing from public sale vacant lands along the Columbia river and at Celilo, W. T., as a reservation for future improve ment in liver navigation. The State department l.as been ad viged that serious trouble is threat need at Panama, and that an oatureak may occur at any time. The large population thrown out of work is liable to disturb ths peace at any mo ment. Senator Dawes has presented a pc tition from 120 studens at Hampton, Va , against the continuance of the ration system to Indians, as an encour agement to idleness, and recommend ing their equivalent in farming im plements and stock. Governor Sawyer, of New Hamp shire, will appoint John Gilman Marston to be United States Senator lioni that State daring the interim be tween March 4 and the meeting of the legislature next June, which will choose Chandler's successor. It is thought in Washington that the Pacific Coast interest in the Chae Ch.m Ping case before the Supreme Couit is jeopardised by ».he non-selec tion of men by California to argue the case. The argument will be made under the new administration. It looks as if the Snmoan confer ence at Berlin will not be attended by a representative of the present admin istration. Bayard's answer to Bis marck has been forwarded by mail, and the reply is not expected until after General Harrison's inauguration. Our government has made a de mand on the Dutch goverment for $500,000 daiiages for losses and dam ages to character sustained by Oscar Hattield, late United States consul at B itavia, who was arrested on accouut of his partner in a mining enterprise having been a partner in a Dutch firm, which failed, and Hatfield was charged with criminal connection in the failure. The Secretary oi State has received a dispatch from the United States con sul at Berlin, in regard to proposed chaDges in our immigration law*. He gays that the measure is viewed with much concern in Berlin, in political as well as in national economic circles, as foreshadowing a change, which eventually may lead to a total reform in the matter of European emigration to the United States. PULLMAN, WASH. TER., FEBRUARY 23, IW9. COAST NEWS ITEMS. A PEREMPTORY ORDER ISSUED TO S. P. TICKET AGENTS. The Desperate Suicide of a Californian— A Probate Judge Indicted—Arrest of a Gang of Burglars in the Woods Near Tacoma. More fog whistles are needed on the Sound. New Mexico protestb against the rt turn of Geroninio. Several cases of small-pox are re ported in Carson, Nevada. The penitentiary of Washington Territory cleared $3397 last term. Colfax will be connected by rail with the Coeur d'Alene mines this summer. Masters of deep-water vessels at San Francisco, tiud it difficult to secure sailors. It is predicted that the new navy yard will be established on the Colum bia river. Governor Waterman has appointed John P. Irish commissioner of Yo semite valley. Mrs. Noon, of Danville, CaL, was thrown from her buggy last. Sunday and instantly killed. San Francisco is exercised over the discovery of diseased meats in many of her slaughter houses. C. W. Davis shot and instantly killed S. P. Bayler, Friday evening, uear R<d Blufl". Whiskey. The nrt4 husband of Bertha M. Stanley, the confidence queen, has been discovered in Los Angeles. A shortage of $2-J,OQO has been dis covered in the books of W. S. Varnum, ',ax ooUectoi of San Diego county. Ja.nes Wickersham, probate judge of Pierce county, has been indicted for the seduction of Sadie Brantner. The appointment of Judge Wade as chief justice of Montana is not satis factory to the people of the Territory. Joe McAuliffe, the prize tighter, is expected to arrive in Portland shortly to arrange a light with Tim Campbell. Alice Vincent, of the Carleton Opera troupe, was thrown from a horse at Los Angeles last week and had her arm broken. Nine men were arrested in the woods near Tacoma, last Wednesday, for burglaries committed in Puyallup and Buckley. The fourth trial of Charles Cooper for the murder of Paul Burke at Boul der Creek, Cal., last fall, has resulted in his acquittal. Robert Plielan, a young San Fran cisco plumber, t-hot and instantly killed Arue Johansen, a saloon keeper, utst Wednesday. The Southern Pacific company has issued a peremptory order to ticket agents to compel passengers to sign their names to tickets. A devil-fi-h, twenty feet in length, attacked a man off Beacon Hill, B. C, last week. It almost succeeded in upsetting the boat. George Keller, a deaf mute, was run over and killed by a motor engine at San Bernardino Friday. He was frightfully mangled. Willoughby Clark, a young lawyer from San Diego, was arrested in San Francisco last Tuesday, charged with felonious erubezzlem jnt. The smooth young man who victim ized several Portland firms last week by forged checks, has been working the same game in Seattle. G. S. Louckf, a prominent mer chant of Chehalis, was arrested la«t Tuesday by a Wisconsin sheriff for forgery, committed in 1887. Tug Wilson, recently released from the penitentiary, was arrested at Seat tle, Tuesday, for the murder of Ttios. Davis, near Walla Walla, last Novem ber. The penitentiary commissioners of Washington Territory have ordered a new Btaam brick machine in anticipa tion of a building boom the coming season. Charles F. Lummis, formerly city editor of the Los Angeles Times, was shot in the face at Atlantic and Pa cific junction Fridaj by unknown parties. James Willey, a San Francisco real estate agent, shot his wife through the shoulder and Bert Clark, her para mour, twice through the arm, last Tuesday. The marriage of Wong Wing, a Chinaman 40 years of age, and Miss Ah Chey, 19 years of age, was cele brated at San Francisco Friday. Tiny are both Christians. Rev. J. D. Flenner, of Idaho, has been found guilty of serious charges by the Episcopal judicial conference at Portland, and was dismissed from the ministry last Friday. Luis Huller, concessionaire of the Lower California branch of the Inter national company, is accused of mis appropriating the funds of the com pany. Huller has disappeared. Joe Hawkins shot and fatally wounded Jerry Reen, sexten of the church at the mission of San Jose, and severely wounded John O'Connor, in a San Francisco saloon, Friday. There is much alarm in Virginia City over the report that many guests have secured lodging there who are directly from the Ormsby house, at Carson, in which so many cases of smallpox have occurred. The ballots cast in Washoe, Elko and other eastern counties of Nevada, against the amendment to the con stitution authorizing the Nevada lot tery, are found to be two inches short of the length prescribed by the com missioners of election. OVER THE GLOBE. PROMULGATION OF THE NEW CON STITUTION OP JAPAN. v Meeting of Union and Confederate Vet erans—No Change in the Status of the Samoan Question-Sana Culottes of Rome Canadians are opposed to immigra tion. Gladstone has decided not to visit Rome. Prince Bismarck is threatened with facial p.iralysis. The steamer Haytian Republic has arrived at Boston. Less than 30 per cent of Chicago's population is foreign. Gray hair for women is now the fashionable thing in Paris. Within a week's notice Italy can place 2,300,000 men in the field. Thousands of emigrants are flock ing into the Argentine Republic. The official trial of the gunboat Yoiktown was a complete success. The percentage of suicides in France is greater than in any other country. The members of the French minis try, heacied by Floquet, have resigned. The Knights of Labor will return to absolute secrecy in all their proceed ings. Samuel J. Tilden's birth-day was ex tensively celebrated throughout the East last week. It is proposed to consolidate all the express companies of the eoun ry into ene corporation. Ths Ohio State prison was not only self-supporting last, year but yielded a profit of $15,183. A man was sentenced to 417 days' imprisonment at Rutland, Yt., recent ly, for getting drunk. The value of the plunder secured by the mob in the recent riot at Borne is estimated at $125,000. Men are swarming through i,he gas territory in Wabadi county, Indians, taking oil leases from farmers. The Pennsylvania Central railroad will hereatter haul no freight on Sun day except such as are classed perish able. A bill his been introduced in the Delaware legislature exempting wo men from the punishment of tne whipping post. Over five hundred women of Bangor have signed a remonstrance sent to the Maine legislature, protesting against woman suffrage. Professor - ]>. -Henael was severely beaten by three unknown parties at St. Paul, Saturday. They had pre viously warned him to leave town. Emigration agents are draining North Carolina of able-bodied negroes. The faimers will be unable now to handle their crops the coming season. Mr-?. McNulty, aged sixty, and At* nie McGuire, aged eleven years, wen frozen to death about 200 yards freni home, near Ottawa, Canada, in the blizzard of last week. It is reported that affairs among the laboring class on the Panama canal are in a deplorable condition. The canal project is a hopeless failure, and work will soon cease altogether. Another tragedy was enacted at Lake Starnberg, Thursday, when two persons drowned themselves. Since the suicide of King Ludwig, eleven persons have drowned in the lake. The Indians on Battle River reser vation are suffering greatly from an affection of the throat and neck, which prevents them from swallowing food. The complete extermination of the tribe is feared. The steamer Carondelet sailed from New York Friday afternoon for Sa moa. She had on board 133 cases of rifles, shells and ammunition, which were brought here by the steamer Westernland last Wednesday. The excursion of Canadian legisla tors through the United States, given by American merchants with the view of furthering the annexation scheme, will be a grand affair. It expected that fully 400 will visit the principal cities of the Union. There is danger of an outbreak among the half-breed Indians in Bart lett county, Dakota. The military at St. Johns have been ordered out by the sheriff, but the commanding of ficer cays that the sheriff has no au thority to do to. Serious trouble is feared. At a meeting of the Uuionand Con federate veterans at Washington, '■ Thursday, the plan of preserving and marking the field of Chicamauga, un der the auspices of a joint memorial corporation representing all the States that had troops there, was cordially spproved. The new constitution of Japan was promulgated from the throne last week. It establishes a house of peerg, members of which are to be partly hereditaiy, partly elective and partly nominated by the mikadc, and a house of commons of 300 members. The right of suffrage is given to all men of the age of twenty-five year 3 and over who pay taxes to the amount of $25 yearly. Late advices from Samoa say that then has been no change in the situ ation since the last report. There hab been no fighting, and Tamaeese and MaUafa remain in their strongholds. The British consul has warned British subjects not to supply the natives wiih arms, and to maintain a strict neutrality. The British war ship Cal liope has replaced the war ship Koy alist. The German and American war ships remain stationary. fOE THE FAEMEE. THE CARE OF FRUIT AND ORNA- MENTAL TREES. Introduction of the Tomato Egg-Plant —The Management of Seed Pota toes—The Amount of Pood Necessary for Hogs. A Ulysses, Nebraska, man has the "largest corncrib on earth." It is 400 feet long, twelve feet wide and twelve feet high. Crows have become so abundant in Maine that it is estimated they cost the State $100,000 a year in corn, po tatoes, young chickens, fiuit, grain and the like. The next legislature will be asked to gi. c a bounty of ten cents for every dead crow. A New Jersey farmer has succeeded in raising in the rich soil of the Hack ensack bottom the genuine white yam, or "buneato" of Cuba, and he predicts that in a few years this de licious vegetable, grown across the North river, will be as common in the New York market as the Southern sweet r otato now is. Naw Zealand, according to a recent writer, is a splendidly endowed cowd try. Besides such natural curiosities as bailing lakes of sulphur, smoking volcanoes, snow-clad peaks and mag nificent waterfalls, it has splendid vir gin forests of rare and useful woods, great fields of coal, iron, copper, gold, silver, etc., all awaiting the capitalist and workman. Taking the amount of food required to make a pound of grain on swine weightng thirty-five pounds, 33 per cen' more food is required by swine weighing seventy pounds, 14 per cent more by swine weighing 125 p»unds, 19 per cent more by swine weighing 175 pounds, 22 percent more by swine weighing 220 pounds, 55 per cent more by swine weighing 270 pounds, and 84 per cent more by swine weigh ing 325 pounds. Overhaul your store of seeds and throw away those of doubtful vitality. There are but few seeds that are not good at the end of two years, w'lile the average are good at the end of four or five, and squashes, melons and all of that family, last almost indef- I inately. Onions, parsnips and car ruts are the seeds which growers are the most particular about. Those who supply th i market with crops should put their dependence on varieties known to be marketable. The management of seed potatoes is one of the most important arts of the potato grower. The chief point is to prevent them fr.m sorouting, and for this purpose a low tempera ture as near to the freezing point as is possible without touching it is desira ble. Nearly everywhere farmers find that the late varieties of potatoes are more productive than the early ones. Is not this partly due to the fact that early varieties have been injured by sprouting, while late varieties are less • liable to this injury? The buyers of fruit and ornamental trees can hardly be too careful in get ting stock grown on land free from quark. The fine underground roots of this pest are often mixed among those of fruit trees, and once planted are difficult to get rid of. Wheuever quack grass appears for the first time on a farm it is usually in the orchard, | and has been introduced by the pur j chase of trees without careful exam ination to see that quack is not mixed with their roots. Everybody knows how diffi3ult it is to prevent the water from freezing during very cold weather. Tin will rust, wooden troughs become slimy, and earthenware crack from the ice formed on the water. To obviate these difficulties, give water three times a day. Vie vessels that only permit the birds to get their beak? wet. so as to avoid freezing their wat tles, which results when they get wet, and give warm water three time 3 a day. They will soon learn to look for it at regular pf riods, and it will invig orate them. By the time the water is somewhat cool all will have drank, when the surplus should be thrown out and the vessel left empty. The tomato egg-plant has the gen eral appearance of a common egg plant, while its fruit, when ripe, re sembles a medium sized, ribbed to mato. Its skin is very glossy and bright red, much like that of a cayenne pepper. The history of the plant is that trie year before last a single spec imen of it came up amoug a large number of black IVkin egg-plants, growing in southern New Jersey. The ile^h of the fruit is very solid and dry, apparently unfit for use, but as a curiosity and ornament the plant is worthy of a trial by those in search of unusual novelties. The cultivation of the plant is the same as that of the egg-plant. What is the best feed to give a horse that is run down in strength and flesh? The Massachusetts Plow man says: If you cannot get pastur age, feed your horse fresh-cut grass or clover hay, with a few oats, say four to six quirts daily, and give him gentle work or exercise so as to keep his appetite and digestion good. As he gains strength you can substitute corn-meal mixed with cut hay for one or two rations daily, using not over four quarts a day. Corn-meal alone is not so safe a grain for horses as oats; most cases of colic are to be traced to injudicious U3e of corn-meal; but horses fatten rapidly on it, and it is cheaper than oats. To make it a safe article of diet we would advise mixing it with the same bulk of wheat brin or feeding in connection with, oats and some root, say cne-half peck of carrots daily. PORTLAND MARKET REPORI GROCERIES—Sugars. We quote Golden C 5Jc, extra C s\c, confectioners' A (sic, dry granulated OJc, cube, crushed and powdered 7c. Coffees Java 25c, Rio 20c, Arbuckle's roasted 244 c PROVISIONS-Oregon hams are qnot ed at 1-Vol-Hc, breakfast bacon 13c, sides lWc, shoulders lojfa lie. Eastern ham 13C<?134«, Sinclair* 14 115 c, break f tst bicon 13-bjl34,c sides 10»10ic shouders lXCaillc. Lard Wye lie. FRUITS—NaveI oranges $4,6544.35, Riverside $:i.25ai3.50, apples $1(31.25, emon< $0 per box. VEGETABLES—Cabbage :'c per ID, celery BU'Bjßs» per do/, bunches, carrots and turnip* "5c per sack, onions 75 g 8:c potatoes^ >(<*4oc per sack. DRIED FRUITS—Sun-dried apples 5* (k, slic.-d 64c, apricots 13 a 14c, peaches 8 lilOc pear* 8c; Oregon prune*, Itilian 9.;, Silver Pc; German 6i'S7c, plums 5^ 7c, raitinsgl.7s:^2 per box: Cali ornia figs Be, Syrna 15c, DAIRY PRODUCE—Oregon creamery and choice dairy 25c. medium 20c, Eastern 25c, California 2.1% 255. EGGS—Oregon 15c. POULTRY—Chickens $>,@5.5> ducks $7.50, gesse $10112. turkeys l.X<al6e. WOOL—Valley 18@20c Eastern Oregon B@lso. HOPS-Choice 8£ 14c. GRAIN —Valley *1.30®1.35, Eastern Oregon $firstname.lastname@example.org. Oats 3'J(gi 4c. F. OUR—Standard 84.50, otner brands ?4<S4 10. FEED—Hay $13614 per ton, bran 816, shirts $18, barley chop $23:0.24, mill chop 818ai20. FRESH MEATS— live. 4c, dressed Be, mutton, live, 4c, dressed Be, lambs $2.50 each, hog«, live, 6c, dressed 7Ca.Bi, veal 6;a Be. RELIGIOUS AND EDUCATIONAL. —Good intentions are, at least, the seed of good actions; and every man ought to sow them.— Sir W. Temple. —It is estimated there are now in Europe, Asia, the United States and Canada about fifty institutions for the education of feeble-minded children. —No man in daily life ought to be satisfied with what his life now is. He ought every day to be looking forward to some of the possible improvements. — E. E. Hale. —It is easy to slip into a state of spiritual coldness and indifference. The temptation to it is one that is al ways with us. Once in it, how hard to get out of it!— United Presbyterian. —Rockford Seminary, at Kockford, 111., has established night schools for the working girls of the city. The fac ulty will oversee the work, and the students of the seminary will assist in the teaching. —I still believe that life is the most frivolous of things, unless it is regard ed as one great and constant duty. Life is only of value by devotion to what is true and good. The aim of a life worth living should be ideal and unselfish. — Ernest Return. —An aged man, who had lived more than threescore years and ten, upon being informed by his physicians that he had but a few hours to live, replied: "Is that so? Then death has come too soon for me. 1 am not ready for it" What a melancholy confession with ■which to close up this life, and enter upon the realities of the one to come! — N. Y. Independent. — "For general improvement," says Dr. Johnson, "a man should read what ever his immediate inclination prompts him to; though, to be sure, if a man has a science to learn, he must regularly and resolutely advance. What we read with inclination makes a stronger im pression. If we read without inclina tion, half the mind is employed in fix ing the attention, so there is but half to be employed on what we read." —President Adams, of Cornell Uni versity, in a recent address advised students "not to r«ly on professors to do your work. Don't lessen individual effort. Herein is the success of self made men- The men whom the world wants are those who do better than is expected of them. Sometimes they are without a college education; are such men as Franklin and Lincoln, who get a real liberal education and become monarchs in the domain of though." —Were we as eloquent as angels, yet should we please some men, some wo men and some children much more by listening than by talking. — Collon. —It's bettah ter hab a green patch on de basemen' o' yo yaller pants dan ter sport seven dollah trousahs an' hab ter do de sneak act eb'ry time yo see yo tailor. — Uncle Pete. —It is by plodding steadily along, day in and day out, that we achieve our successes. They who make their gains otherwise sre eccentricities, and not fit, therefore, to be taken as examples. —Against parsimeny and niggardli ness I proclaim war; but with the same sentence I condemn those who make a grand splash while they live, leaving their families in destitution when they die.— Talmage. —If ridicule were employtd to laugh men out of vice and folly, it might be of some use; but it is made use of to laugh men out of virtue and good sense, by attacking every thing solemn and serious. — Addison. —There is nothing more disappoint ing to the generous man than the way in which his absolute frankness is met by the man of the world, always look ing out for motives, and imagining them where he does not find them. — Donald Grant, Th 3 Territorial bill is still held iD abeyance. George Heidel, a young farmer, dis guised a^ a ghost, stepped from the roadside in front of Wm. Tompkins, colored, who was returning from the woods with an ax on his shoulder near Evansville, Ind., last week, and the frightened negro, with a terrific blow of the ax, cut Heidel's head , completely in two. $2.00 PER YEAR. HATCHING MUSCALONGE. Artificial Proposal inn or th« Hie Game I'roveil to lie l*o*»lt>l*. The progress of modern fish culture is no more aptly shown than by an ex periment in the artificial hatching of muscalonge which was successfully ac complished at Chautaoqua Lake last spring-. Although shad and trout have been hatched in largo quantities by artificial means, all experiments with muscalonge had before this been fail ures. The work was done undor the direction of the New York Slate Fish Commission, with the object of artificially propagating 1 the fish and stocking the lakes in the interior of the State with them. The experiment took place at James town on the lake, and was commenced in the latter part of last April. Mr. Jonathan Mason, an assistant at tho Caledonia hatchery, and a fish eultur ist of many years experience, was dis patched by Mr. Seth (ireen on April 2.5. He at once commenced operations at tho lake, and was assisted by Mr. Eleazer (ireen, a resident of Jama*l town, who has taken great interest in the artificial proposition of musea- Itmg*. A seine was employed to catch the mature fish. After considerable difficulty about a dozen muscalouge ranging in weight from six to nine pounds were caught. From a six pound female about 2,000 eggs in good condition were first obtained, then, on the following day, 60.000 eggs ob tained from a sixteen-pound female and 40,000 from two other female* The spawn was placed in hatching boxes and kept in still water over night. The next day it was taken across the lake to Southlands creek, where there was a little current. Tho temperature of the water ranged from 50 to 56 deg. most of the time, but foil as low as 4i> deg. and rose as high as G") deg. before the experiment was fin ished. The formation of tho fish in the eggs could be seen on the fifth day, and the fry commenced hatching on the eleventh day. On the twelfth day the vgg* hatched rapidly, and by night it was estimated that 60,000 young muscalonge were hatched. A number of them were taken to the Caledonia hatchery, where they were examined with a microscope daily. They were three-eighth* of an inch in length when hatched. They showed no movement of the gills or signs of breathing until they were nine days old, but the heart action and the cir culation of the blood were seen to bo strong and vigorous. They are help less little creatures, and lay so quiet for hours at a time that one would think they were dead. When nine days old they showed signs of life. They were then half an inch in length. and the yelk sack, which is of good size when they are hatched, was two thirds absorbed. At fifteen days old the yelk sack is entirely absorbed and the fish commence looking for food. 4 ♦ » LUCKY INVENTORS. Fiiriiinai Tli <t Have Keen Kra!lze<l from Hi.- Kale of Trifles. The rubber tip at the end of lead pencils has yielded 20*000 pounds. A large fortune has been reaped by a miner who invented a metal rivet or eyelet at each end of the month of coat and trousers pockets to resist the strain caused by the carriage of pieces of ore and heavy tools. In a recent legal ac tion it transpired in evidence that the inventor of the metal plates used to protect soles and heels of boots from wear sold upward of 12.0J0.003 plates in 1879, and in 1887 the number reached 143,000,000, producing realized profits of a quarter of a million of money. As large a sum as was ever obtained for any invention was enjoyed, by the inventor of the inverted glass .bell to hang over gas to protect ceilings from being blackened, and a scarcely less lucrative patent was that for simply putting emery powder on cloth. Fre quently time and circumstances are wanted before an invention is appre ciated, but it will be seen that patience is well rewarded, for the inventor of the roller skate made over 200,000, pounds, notwithstanding the fact that his patent had nearly expired before its value was ascertained. The gimlet pointed screw has produced mot 3 wealth than most silver mines, and the American who first thought of putting copper tips to children's shoes is as well off as if his father had left him 400,000 pounds in United States bonds. Upward of 2,000 pounds a year was made by the inventor of the common needle threader. To the foregoing might be added thousands of trifling but useful articles from which hand some incomes are derived, or for which large sums have been paid. Few in ventions pay better than popular pat ented toys. A clergyman realized 100 pounds a week by the invention of a strange little plaything to be seen for a long time in every toy shop window, and even in the streets of London. That favor ite American toy. the "return ball"—a wooden ball with an elastic attached yielded the patentee an . income equal to 10,000 pounds a year, and an income . of no less than 15,000 pounds p^r an num to the inventor of the "dancing Jim Crow." The invention of "Pha raoh's serpents," a toy much in vogue some years ago, was the outcome of some chemical experiments and brought the inventor more than 10,000 pounds. The sale of the little wooden figure, "John Gilpin," was " incredibly large for many years; and ■a ; very in genious toy, known ras the "wheel of life," is said to have produced upward '; of 100,000 pounds profit to its inVontor. The field of invention is not only vast and varied, but It; is : open ~: to every body without respect to sex or age, station or means. —Invention. SpS