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NOT CAUSED BY FISH.
OBSEBVATION OF DE. TTJBBTEB
Results of His Investigations Among
Patients in South Africa—D*-
I lieves Infection Is Due
to Some Vermin.
Leprosy must now be added to th«
other scourges which afflict South Af
rica. Until recently the extent to
which this disease was prevalent in
South Africa was little known. The
fact that it existed in the Transvaal
was practically quite unknown, yet
Dr. Hurner, the health officer of the
Transvaal, reports that whereas there
were 109 cases in his charge in 1885
there are now over 200. Dr. Turner
adds the remarkable fact that no one
knows how many lepers there are in
the Transvaal. He says that a medical
officer who had been in charge of the
lepers and had taken much interest in
the matter asserted that there were at
least 3,000 in 1900.
The disease is defying the most
heroic efforts at its extermination In
Cape Colony, while it is also spreading
in Baautoland and elsewhere. The
worst afflicted are the Hottentots; the
Kaffirs, with the exception of the Eu
ropeans, being the least affected.
Prof. Jonathan Hutchimson's theory
that eating fish, especially cured, is
the chief cause of the disease has been
fully set forth. His arguments and
statistics are cogent, but hitherto have
found little support. Dr. Turner, as
the result of most careful investiga
tion, differs absolutely from Dr.
Official returns show that 70 per
cent, of the total amount of fish en
tering the Transvaal goes to Johannes
burg. Nearly all of this is eaten by
whites, but until December there was
not a single European in the Johan
nesburg leper hospital. Then a man
•who was born in Europe was admitted.
He was a member of a large family,
all of whom are living in the Trans
vaal. None of the others is a leper.
In Dr. Turner's opinion, his disease
was clearly the result of contagion, as
he habitually associated with a leper.
Of Dr. Turner's 210 patients, 44 per
cent, had eaten fish, only 17 per cent,
of which was cured fish. Among the
white lepers 95 per cent, had eaten
fish, 45 per cent, of which was cured
fish. Among the colored patients, who
made up four-fifths of the total, only
30 per cent, ever tasted flsh, and only
ten had eaten cured fish.
Dr. Turner is convinced that conta
gion is the most usual means of th«
spread of leprosy. He treated a few
cases in which It was possible to assert
that its origin was hereditary, bui
practically none in which contagion
could be excluded and several in which
contagion was the sole explanation
He believes it will eventually b*
proved that some vermin is the c&ium
of the infection.
OUR NAVY EQUAL TO ANY.
Bear Admiral O'Neill Says Ship* and
Armament Have No Superi
or* in the World.
Rear Admiral Charles O'Neill, U. S. N.,
who was recently at Paris Investigating
French armor and armament, thinks
American ships equal to any In the
world. The ministry of marine issued
lim a permit to visit the fleet and great
dock yards at Toulon. He also visited
the northern fleet and dock yards at
Cherbourg and Havre. After leaving
France Admiral O'Neill will visit Ger
man naval port*. The admiral said:
"Speaking generally, my observations
lead to the conclusion that the armor
and armament of American ships are
equal to or superior to those of the best
foreign fleets. Some claim that the Euro
peans have superior heavy rapid fire
guns. My inquiry also shows that our
rapid fire guns do not suffer in compar
sion with the best foreign type*."
AUTO WOMEN IN NEW ROLE.
Member* of London Club Qtre Bio
graph T*a to Compensate for
A happy idea ha» been conceived by a
committee of the Women's Automobile
club of London in providing some com
pensation for the trouble of attending
business meetings. Following the first
annual general assembly of the membeni
of the club there was what waa called a
biograph tea held at a hotel. The event
waa indicated by the title. A display of
moving pictures was given, after which
tea was served. Some excellent examples
of the camera art were shown, the best
and most interesting being a series rep
resting the recent race for the coupe
Internationale. Many present had been
to Germany for the race and several of
the characters caught by the photograph
er were familiar to the spectators.
Cow*' Strange Diet
Edwin Ruddock, of Shelburne, Mass.,
recently bought a cow, which died mys
teriously a few days ago. The animal's
stomach was opened, and about two
quarts of shingle nails were found. The
veterinarian said that th« nails had been
In the stomach a long time, but how they
came there Is a mystery.
, ®r Other Worlds?^®]
W Our sole knowledge of the peo- \1
f pie on other worlds and how far 1
» the people there differ from our \
inhabitants, can only be guessed by
; comparison with animal nature on this
! small sphere of ours. More important
I to us is a knowledge of ourselves.
"Know Thyself" was an old Greek
thought. How to take care of one's
I own body is not so simple as some think
i the human mechanism is a wonderful
thing and requires watching.
One man who has done more to tench
the American people how to care for their
bodies than almost any other, is I)r X V
Pierce, of Buffalo, N. V . the Author of the
"Common Sense Medical Adviser." He
says : It is not the quantity of the food
eaten which produces strength and health
I (for some people can keep strong on a very
meagre diet), but it is how much food is
absorbed and assimilated by the blood and
carried to nourish every organ of the body.
It is, therefore, vitally necessary for the
i body that the stomach be in a healthy
state. If disease of the stomach, or what is
called "stomach trouble," prevents proper
nutrition then the heart, liver, lungs, and
kidneys do not get proper food—they are
not fed on rich red blood, and in conse
quence, begin to show signs of distress.
Outwardly these signs may be pimples
and eruptions on ski^. pale face, sleepless
nights, tired, languid reelings, or, by reason
of the nerves not being fed on pure blood,
they become starved, and we receive a
warning in the pain we call neuralgia.
Rheumatism, too, is a blood disease. After
years of practice and st-idy Dr. Pierce
found that an Alterative Extract, which he
named "Dr. Pierce 1! Golden Medical Dis
covery," made from the extracts of several
plants, invariably produced a tonic effect
upon the system. It helped the process of
absorption of the healthy elements in the
food and increased the red corpuscles of
the blood, as well as eliminated the poisons
from the system.
Business is business. No time for head
aches. Constipation causes them. Doctor
Fierce's Pleasant Pellets cure them by cur
ing the cause. laxative and mild.
A "SNAP" IF TAKEN
PRACTICALLY A NEW SEVEN
ROOM HOUSE—With bath
room and pantry; bathroom fur-
nished with tub and marble wash
stand, connected with a Majestic
range and hot water tank; water
system consisting of ioo-gallon
brick and cement reservoir, fed
by never-failing spring; 14 lots
in Agricultural College addition;
also about nine acres of land
with good orchard, small fruits
in abundance, and situate within
a lew hundred yards of the Agri
'HARVEY & KIMBALL.
The entire field of science,
nowhere has there been such
progress as in the Science
of Optics and the fitting of
Glasses. Our success in
this line is due, in a meas-
ure, to the fact that we em
brace every new meritorious
idea. We constantly seek
to originate new methods of
excellence that will in any
way aid us in the practice of
W. L. WHITE, M. D.
At White's Drug Store
FOR THE BEST IN TOWN SEE
* the ex-
SLT\c£ P crsences/ofanglers, shoof
* *"* crs and earners, or yacht-
\jlt\^\\ tcrested in country life,
*[y •**•** ask your newsdealer for
HP J "FOREST AND
Jl\OGl STREAM," or send
• . , ,us twenty-five cents
•a «-* for four weeks trial trip. A
0,1 IVA large illustrated weekly
journal of shooting,
I «||f^ Rthing, natural his
'^rf* %**&. A tory and yachting. A
new depart- *
ment has to JT
do with the £f
Home and its Mm
a year, $a for if3^E&S*m\
six months. M&*^^jks'>m
catalogue of i 0
books on outdoor life and recreation.
FOREST AND STREAM PUB. CO.
346 Broadway, New York.
Dr. A. E. Shaw.
All work guaranteed. Charges moderate
Teeth Extracted Absolutely Painless.
DR. ROLAND LOW,
Office in Lettertnan Building, Opposite
Artesian Hotel. Phone, 466.
PULLMAN - , - - - WASH.
Too bad, but if it's a piece
of CHINA it isn't so bad
as it might bo, for you can
get a nice one to replace it
Have just, received a new
line of the finest grade
China. Ne tv patterns,
beautiful designs. Every
thing from a tooth-pick
holder to a full dinner set.
Just the thing for presents.
Let me show you the line.
° Ay KI.P "P Wmlilili
It is a great pleasure
I to get up under the
warming influence of a
Cole's Hot Blast
the great fuel saver.
EVEN HEAT-DAY AND NIGHT.
STEWART* '■ OUTMAH
SOLE AGENT S
WOOD cLNtpM draying COAL
HAULING OF ALL KINDS
Patronage Solicited, and Satisfaction Guaranteed.
Phono No. 477
Give orders to
HAY FOR SALE phjj. G- Bickford
Photography for the
Half its Former Cost
v^SLIXi. OX* SIS*
American JR. Genuinely good in
C* A "M F R A every detail. Film or
JuT V 1 -v 4LTk PlateS as y °U chOOSe -
Plate tioVder $1.60 Absolutely new models.
Our facilities enable Jflltijf! (Mlv""^"
us to furnish cameras J|J ■ *%■' f
of the highest grade at f|" ? * -
prices which cannot km iMirll
Send for illustrated
catalogue telling all '**.*3^>i^P^^^ >>^^^
about our 27 styles *^g^^^^^
and sizes. Free. 4x5 POCO
AMERICAN CAMERA MFG. CO.
946 St. Paul St.. Rochester, N. Y.