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Repot i of state Veterinarian.
Tho eighth biennial report of Dr. 8. B. Nelson. iitato veterinarian of Washington, contains much valuable information to stockmen of the northwest. In the discussion of dis eases of animals the report shows that vigilant steps havo been taken to stamp out animal diseases in the state aud to prevent their spread. Much credit is due Dr. Nelson and his staff for their careful attention to the live stock Interests of the state. The salient points in the re port follows: "Sheep are free from scab, tho gov ernment has lifted the quarantine and the sheep aro now ou tho freo list. ... is also practically free from hog cholera and swine plague. Two hundred and sixteen days wero given to police work and 169 7 days were given to the control of contagious diseases. Wo exam ined 169 X horses for glanders, of which 2fiG wero ordered destroyed. "In Seattle, out of 37 head of horses used in railway construction work, wero diseased and ordered killed. This disease continue- to be a most important one, affecting the livestock industry of tho .state. "The loss by tuberculosis is great. With I ii, condition existing in our herds, it is only a question of time until the dairy industry will be a heavy loser from the inroads of this disease, and 1 can not, in my official position, allow this opportunity to go by without calling attention to the seriousness of this problem which tin; dairy Interests and the cattle inter ests of this state are facing. "Until two years ago there was La constattt-^crT^F'tiriT dairy interests against I lie state veterinarian testing their herds During the last two years this position of the dairymen lias heen practically reversed, and the position now taken is that the state veterinarian is not sufficiently stringent In his action In this matter. For instance, J 317 reaj^ii__u_t 9310 tested, and only 2,3 destroyed. Yet if the 1317 had been ordered de stroyed in several cases it would have been financial ruin to tlie owner of the herds. "Still, it is not to be wondered tit thai the dairy interests are demand ing oioi stringent, action in his mat ter since wo have about 180 clean herds in tho state. These 180 own ers of ..... herds are demanding protection for their property, and Justly so, and yet the protection of their porperty must be given without Involving the confiscation of the propel of other dairymen. "Anemia is an apparently new dis ease in the state of Washington. I called attention to it two years ago and since that time there have been a number of small outbreaks of the disease at Greenacres, Spokane Cheney and Lhnl, and a very serious outbreak at Walla Walla. This out break occurred in a band of horses belonging to ex-Senator Reeser, who, during the months of September, October, November and December, 1909, and January, February and March, 1910, lost about 140 lead of horses from this disease. Early in del,.her 1 visited the farm of Mr, Reeser and made the diaguosis as pernicious anemia, telling him the cause of the disease was not known and that up to the present time there was no remedy for It. "1 took the matter up with Gover nor Hay, and trough his otlices ob tained the assistance of tho bureau of animal industry at Washington, 1). ('. Dr. _. N. Hutchinson of Port land, Ore., was detailed to work in this matter, and 1 also sent Dr. J. \V. Kalkus down to the Reeser ranch to carry on such investigations which might, be carried on there in trying to determine the cause of the dis ease and to find a remedy if possible. The disease is serious, for the reason that tho cause is not known, and that it will not yield to any of the reme dies used up to the present time. "The disease is generally observed with an early rise of temperature, running to 104 and 107, carrying with it respirations from 24 to 4 0 and a pulse rate of GO to 100. "This office is constantly in r< - ceipt of reports from the owners of calves as to the very reliable results obtained by vaccine as a preventive against blackleg, and the office re ceives many applications annually for vaccine. The vaccine is furnish ed free hy the United States govern ment and this office simply encour ages its use among stock raisers as its local distributer." Teachers' Examinations Tile county teachers' examination has been announced for Whitman county to be held here on December 8. The school law provides that any teacher holding a common school cer tificate may take the examination in any subject which they previously did not havo a grade of 00 per cent, and if he should receive 90 per cent in the branches taken a first-grade certificate will bo Issued In place of i be lower class. Male Sues to Recover School Grant Lands. Suit was started last week by At torney General w. P. Bell to gain possession of and quit title to land in Skagit and Kittitas county, that bo longs to the school grant, but to which title has been given a corporation and individual by the federal govern ment. ihe Bull In Skagit county is against, the Skagit Lime & Cement company, while in Kittitas county the state is suing John D. Walker. Under the enabling act of Febru ary L'J, 1889, the state was grain, for school purposes every I 6 and 36 section in .very township in the State, except tain lands that had already prior to that date heen re served by the federal government. Prior to tlie enabling act many set tlers had located ..n lands in these sections, and many have since located upon un-surveyed lands in the state that would upon survey be included in sections 16 and 36. The federal government has given patent to homesteaders and mining companies to lands located upon prior to the time the sections ere surveyed. 'i'he state contends that tho enabl ing act granting certain sections to schools Included both surveyed and unsurveyed lands, and that the land office of the federal government was without authority to give patent to any lands in sections 16 and 36 in any township in the state, The matter will probably be car ried to the supreme court of the Uni ted States before it is finally deter mined, as the- question effects thous ands of acres of land in the ate, In cluding a portion of the lands which have since been included in the fed- eral reserves. To Prevent Smut. ,J. (loss of Addy, Stevens county, ast year rot., the following letter o It. C. < !rosbey of Garfli Id: ' "Seeing in the newspapers that you are interested in finding a smut pre ventative, 1 offer the following, 1 1 grew wheal and other grains in the led river valley from 883 to i 898. Until the year I 890, there was no trouble in that section (north of Fargo, Minn.) from smut, but hen it began to como In and a port of the crop was degraded and a preven tative became a necessity. Most of the farmers turned to the blue stone, which costs much in labor when 1000 or more bushels had to be prepared tor tlie drills in the short seeding sea -..ii and as sometimes wet days came when seeding was Impossible and the seed which had been treated was a total loss. Knowing the chem istry of the smut life and its destruc tion, l concluded to use chlorinated 1 lime and bought 200 pounds at wholesale iii Minneapolis at $4.50 per hundred delivered at my nearest sta ' 1 ion. Early In March live- bins in my granary were swept clean and while 1 the grain was being cleaned for each bin, a shovelful of the chlorinated lime was put In a sieve and sifted . over the floor of the bin, enough be ing used to cover p. Then a one-foot layer of the cleaned grain was spread in the bin; another sifting of the ' chlorinated lime on top of it and bo on till the bin was full. There was little escape of chlorine until the weather became warm a week or ten days before seeding, so the time for it to act was short, but we had no smut. The first year I used ten pounds of the chlorinated lime to tin- 100 bushels, treating in all about 1500 bushels of wheat, oats and bar ley. Some of each kind of treated seed was left over. The wheat was again put through the fanning mill I to blow away the dust, taken to the mill and made Into Hour. The oats 1 fed to the horses without cleaning them again, and the barley to hogs, and 1 believe that both the horses and hogs were benefitted by the lime remaining. "We saved our own seed and, it being free from smut, 1 used after the first year but five pounds of the ' lime to the 100 bushels of seed. I kept using this method till 1898, when i quit farming. The cost to mo the first year, not counting la ' bor, was li cents "per hundred bush els and for each following year 25 cents per hundred bushels. The seed was taken from the bins and placed iv sacks the day before j needed nd taken to the field the next morning. The only change notice able was the smell of chlorine. As there is much warmer weather before seed time in your district and the chlorine is engaged through at mospheric moisture, the results should be positive, if th.- chlorinated lime is mixed will, the grain a month before seeding time. But 1 have seen clean barley grown from very smutty seed, which ha 1 been mixed with the lime but one day. You can easily try this method during the coming season and I will gladly reply to any questions on the subject." Farmers in the vicinity of Pull man still have In their possession 60 per cent of this year's grain crop Ihe Income lax in- following argument in favor of an income tax was prepared by Senator Borah of Idaho; One of the many unfortunate things Imposed from first to last upon this country by reason of the exist once of slavery was the compromise in the constitution of the United States providing that direct taxes should in- imposed in accordance with population. To levy taxes according to popula tion upon any kind of property is Impracticable and cumbersome even when the tax is confined to the kind of property contemplated by the trainers of the constitution. It is not too much to say that the clause with reference to imposing a direct tax would never have found its way into he constitution but through tin- fear which arose out of the belief that the North might impose an arbitrary and unjust tax upon slaves. The discussion first arose over the protection of slaves and to guard against this the Southern delegates insist,.,i upon an equal representation in Congress with the North. Govern or Morris and others declared they would never consent to counting a slave equal to his master. The dis cussion finally took larger range, owing to the existence of large tracts of land in the South of less value per acre than the land in the North, hence it was believed that these lands might be taxed unfairly. At last therefore, it. was provided that direct taxes should be imposed according to population, and direct taxes, in my opinion, referred alone to slaves and lands and improvements on lands. The Supreme Court in the Pollock case extended and broadened the terms of this somewhat unfortunate compromise so that it now not only covers lands but Incomes from lands, personal property, and income from personal property. This decision was made possible by Invoking a mere technicality, that is, that the tax upon the rents of lands is a tax upon the land. I am not going to discuss at this time the decision further than to say I am one of those who believe that the income tax decision is as inde fensible as a matter of law as the Dred Scott decision, and fraught with far more danger in its ultimate effect if it is to become the settled law of 'be land to the Republic. This language may seem strong, but if so, then I Invite attention to the following from Mr. Justice White in his dissenting opinion: "My inability to agree with the court in the conclusions which lt has just expressed causes me much regret and as great as is my respect for any view by it announced, I cannot resist the conviction that Its opinion and de cree in this case virtually annuls Its previous decisions in regard to the powers of congress on the subject of taxation and is therefore fraught with dangers to the court, to each and every citizen of the Republic." Mr. Justice Harland also says: 'This decision may well excite the gravest apprehensions. It strikes at the very foundation of national au thority in that it denies to the gener al government a power which Is or may become vital to the very exist ence and preservation of the Union in a national emergency." The income tax is fairest and most equitable of all the taxes. It is the one tax which approaches us in the hour of prosperity and departs in the hour of adversity. The farmer, through ho may have lost, bis entire crop, must meet the taxes levied upon his property. The merchant, through on the verge of bankrupcy, must re spond to the taxes imposed. The laborer who goes to the store to buy his food, though it be his last, must buy with whatever extra cost there may be imposed by reason of custom duties. But the income tax is to be met only after you have realized your in come. After you have met your ex penses, provided for your family, paid for the education of your child ren lor the year. then, provided you have in. .mie left, you turn to meet the obligations you owe to the gov ernment. For Instance, according to amendments recently pending rel ative to the Income tax. a man with an Income or ten thousand dollars would pay the modest sum of one hundred dollars. " Man as a human being owes services to bis fellows and one of these is to supjport the bkawr one of the first of these is to support, the government, which makes civili zation posible." It seems incomprehensible that anyone would seriously contend that property and wealth should not bear their fair share of the burdens of the general government. Adam Smith ■ays, "The subjects of every state ought to contribute toward the sup port of tin- government a; m a iy as possible in the proportion to their respective abilities, that is. In pro tlon to the revenue which they re spectively enjoy under the protec tion of the state." Notwithstanding our largo stand- ing army, our largo navy, our all but criminal exttavagance as a govern ment, men tire found who still un blusl.ingly argue that thin burden must all be laid upon consumption and nothing upon wealth, that Is, that the man of most ordinary means must pay practically as much to the general government as the man with his uncounted millions. It is strange indeed that men can bring themsel selves to believe in so unfair and unjust a position. They soothe their consciences to some extent by saying that it Is a just tax, a fair tax and that tho prop erty should Indeed bear Its propor tion of the expenses of the general government but an income tax causes men to commit perjury! Of course the man who says this would resent the Idea that he would commit per jury but his evangelical spirit leads him to look with particular care to the salvation of his neighbor's soul. There is not a state In the Union to day but has laws just as exacting with reference to accounting with personal property, just as onerous as an income tax law would be and just as liable to encourage perjury. Yet the tax gatherer does not stop gath ering taxes. They say it is inquisitorial. Do you know of any kind of taxes which are not Inquisitorial? For instance, under the internal revenue system now in existence, the whiskey of the citizen Is taken possession of by the government, placed In a warehouse, locked up and a key given a United States official. In the collection of our customs duties, packages and the baggage of the citizen are taken, opened and inspected, and, male or female though the citizen may be, are sometimes taken into a. room and searched. Nothing could be more in quisitorial than this. All these arguments are put forth In the hope of leading us away from the great and fundamental principle of equity in taxation and that is that every man should respond to the bur dens of the government in accord ance with his ability. It is nothing less than a crime to put all the bur dens of this government on con sumption. 1 think those who advocate the in come tax merely as a revenue pro ducing proposition rob the proposi tion ot its moral foundation. We should contend for an income tax not imply for the purpose of raising revenue but for the purpose of fram ing a revenue system which will dis tribute tho burdens of government between consumption and accumu lated wealth, which will enable us to call upon property and wealth not in an unfair and burdensome way but in a just, and equitable way to meet their proportionate expenses of the government, for certainly it will be conceded by all that tho great ex pense of the government is in the pro tection of property and wealth. A tax placed upon consumption Is based upon what men want and must have. A tax placed upon wealth falls upon those who have enough and to spare and therefore have more which it is necessary for the government to protect. "All the enjoyments which a man can receive for his property come from his connection with so ciety. Cut off from all social rela tions a man's wealth would be use less to him. In fact, there could be no such thing as wealth without so ciety. Wealth is what may be ex changed and requires for its existence a community of persons with reci procal wants." The general government, as we havo said, has Its armies and its navies and its great burden of ex pense for the purpose among other things of protecting property, pro tecting gathered and accumulated wealth, of enabling men to make for tunes and to preserve their fortunes and there is no possible argument founded in law or in morals why these protected interests should not bear their proportionate burden of government. M. W. Hunt, superintendent of the milling department of the Portland Flour Mills., Portland, Ore., of which the Odessa mill is a branch, was in Odessa last week conferring with the manager of the local mill regarding the electric power which has recently been installed in place of steam. Mr. Hunt is visiting all the mills under (be control of the Portland company. Approximately 150,000 bushels of milling wheat has been purchased at Walla Walla by Independent buyers and exporters. The reported war fare between the Pacific Coast Ele vator company and the Balfour-Guth rie company is said to have forced the price up and caused sudden buy ing. Among large lots purchased was 40,000 bushels of bluestem be longing to W. H. Babcock In Big Bend country. Frank Richmond and the Still brothers disposed of a por tion of their crops, the latter selling 20,000 bushels of club at 71 1-2 cents f. o. b. A. Colin of the Northern drain & Warehouse company of Port land has purchased 150,000 bushels at as much as a cent and half less on tho bushel. HOLLYHURST (Copyright 1893 by the American Humane Kd ucatiou Society, all rights reserved.) Published by special permission oi the American Humane Uducatiou Society. CHAPTER XVII. A Visit "1 ink I shall never go to a horse race again," said Rose, tho next morning, her face paling with the re membrance of the dead horse. "1 am sure we should none of us go," said Mrs. Gardner, "if we thought such a tiling as that likely to occur." , "But is might occur, .Mamma," ex claimed Rose. "No one knew that this horse had heart disease until lie died, and the doctors say that he would have lived longer if he had not over-exerted himself. "It has been a question with me before this as to whether we ought to lend the encouragement of our presence to horse racing." "It is very interesting and excit ing, mamma," said Reginald. "1 shouldn't like to think that 1 could never go to a horse trot again, though l am very sorry that such a Pile horse should lose his life. "Such a rate of speed as men are demanding of horses now seems too much to expect of any living crea ture,' 'replied Mrs. Gardner. "Long ago, when they were the fleetest mes sengers men had there seemed some excuse for it; but now 1 don't, see hat it serves any good end." "Sheridan's horse did good service with 'Winchester twenty miles ay," said Reginald. Yes," replied bis mother, smiling, "that horse is said to have done good service; but I was thinking especially of a time much farther back than that —a time when one could not be car ried by steam and electricity, and when there was neither telegraph nor telephone to carry messages over the country. With all these contrivan ces for speed it, would seem that the horse might bo allowed to take things a little easier." On the following Saturday Regi nald and Rose planned to call on Miss Lydston, as the family were to leave Ashbrook for New York early the next week. "Suppose we ride over," said Regi nald, "1 should like to show Lady Clare off a little, and probably Mr. Ilibbard will bo there today." "I should like it," said Rose. "Let us go out and see if 1 can have Re bekah." As they were walking toward the barn, Rose Buddely turned to Regi nald and exclaimed: "Why, 1 can have her! This is Re bekah's Sunday!" "So It is," replied Reginald, "I hadn't thought of it." "How strange that we should for get," said Rose. "Oh, Miss Roso!" said Tim, " 'twon't do no harm to take her this once; she ain't been doin' notbin' to speak of this week." Rose reflected; she thought thai Reginald looked disappointed, "No," she said. "I mustn't take her. It is just this once now, but some Saturday I might want her again, and that would make, another 'once,' and so there might come to be a groat many of them, and then poor Rebekah would never be sure of her Sundays." "Never mind, Rose,' 'said Reginald, in his manly, chivalrous way, "I'll drive Lady over and you can go with me. "But you wanted to ride her so much," said Rose, "Is there no other way that I can go?" "I don't see tiny, unless you walk; it. doesn't matter, really." "Then I shall be delighted to go. You know I have seldom ridden after Lady Clare." Tin- day was lino and Lady was in good condition. She seemed to en joy the trip as well as they did. "This doesn't seem much like rid ing after Rebekah, does it?" said Hose, laughing merrily. "Poor Re bekah! she would have trotted along as fast as she could; but she is much happier eating grass in the meadow." Mrs. Ilibbard and Miss Lydston were at home, and Mr. Ilibbard, who had gone out, soon returned. They Inquired with interest for every one tit llollyhursi, including the animals. "Duke wanted very much to come with us,' 'said Rose, "but we did not allow him to, because we know that you do not like dogs, Mrs. Hlbbard." "I am afraid of them,' 'she replied, "especially large ones like yours." Little dogs are often more snap pish than large ones,' 'said her hus band. "I dare say they are, but I could, perhaps, beat off a small one with my parasol; I should be quite de fenseless with a law one." 'Indeed you would. If one should see fit to attack you, you would be quite in his power. I think myself lt Is not best to have much to do with strange dogs." Reginald and Rose, who had been brought up with a dog, turdTT" yet known no unpleasant exiJt M with them., were rather SSg! this conversation, but they au a' forbore to say anything }]£$& simply remarked that "when ?'nald ' were very savage they Wer . „ dogs trained to be so." ' * Usu% "Well, how is my colt getting 0B ; asked Mr, ilibbard". ngon ' "Finely," replied n oglna ,„ _ Will make a very handsome horse- l" "I hoar they are putting the break tag, or the 'training.- as your , a _X prefers to call ii' largely^* ' hands. Mr "I like to do It-and the colt _ more tractable with tne. „ se to have taken a fancy to me" W| "All animal* take a fancy to J do they not?" m "1 suppose ii is because , m. them'" answered Reginald, m o &tj? Mr. Hlbbard said he would like to have one more drive with Lady Clare so Reginald took him out, and o_S way told of her Intelligence In report ing the accident which happened fa the colt. Mr Ilibbard was mm . amused, and said "that her intelll. gence was always factory, but her disposition was not." it was late when they returned and Mrs. i mi,ha.- told Reginald that she wished then, to stay to tea, and that Rose would not. decide until _ came. Reginald did not object: _ they stay.-d and drove homo in'the starlight. "1 hope man will not think that Lady has run away with us," said Reginald. "1 thought of it," said Rose. "but 1 don't believe she will be anx ious, for she knew where we were going, and she will think it (nute- 1 probable that they would ask us t» stay." "We hay. spent a very pleasant afternoon," said Reginald. "Very,' 'returned Rose, "and « are having a lovely drive now.. R.«. gie, 5 "ii couldn't ha >. ■■■ taken Mr. H_. bard out if wo had gone as we first planned." "No; it is all right," lie answered. (Continued next week) Dressing a Goose. To kill a goose, make a quick, sharp cut in the roof of the mouth below the eyes or stun by a sharj blow on the head aml iln 11 make the cut for bleeding. The feathers .--re assorted while picking. The picker uses a box about the height of his knees, and holds the bird with the left hand, clasping i he feel and wings together, am! holding the head of the bird in place wit in- nee. If the bird is to bo scalded, use the same temperature of water as for a chicken, but dip several times, plac- Ing the back in the water first. A common practice is to v rap geese in a blanket after scalding to loosen the feathers, but the steaming must not last long enough to cook the flesh. Do not dry-pick geese for the f» thers before killing, as this causes the skin to become Inflamed; and do not Binge to remove hairs, as the heat gives the carcass an oily, ugh;. appearance. For market, purposes, leave the leathers on the bead, nert, wings at first joint, and tail. Pick the feathers from the body of the bird, then moisten the hand and rub the body to remove down. Geese are drawn like other poultry, Poultry of all kinds, if dressed for the table, looks better when plumped by putting in scalding water for about, ten seconds and then in clean, cold water the colder the better, About To per cent of i la- grain pro duced in Rosalia vicinity is still '» the hands of th- farmers. The market price the last, three weeks has been about 60 cents a bushel for the best grade. The farm are in bet-, ter circumstances than ever before- This year the farmers are carryinf their grain on their own resource* little money being borrowed of o_\ banks on warehouse receipts. _RY THE Mil! ■ hsh_sis_s_hihs i in i -■—-—-- nu>* *J*^^^ WESTERN MADE . Clear Havana Cigar A Fragrant, Satisfying SnioW AS GOOD AS ANY AND B^jJ THAN MOST HIGH CLASS CIO*" NORTH PACIFIC SUPPIi* <*' 302-303 PACIFIC BLOCK Distributors &£ BKATTL-C. WASH.