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Records of Whitman County
TUESDAY, JAN. 28, 1913 Deeds Jennie Borgerson to Thos. Balkln. eh neq 22-20-45, except, $2760. Carrie Schulerud to Thos. Balk in wh neq 22-20-45, except, $3500. Thos. Balkln to Julia Thompson, eh nh neq, 28-20-45. $3000. Marshall K. Snell et ux. to Conrad Dahl, lots 3, 4, blk 29, Ewan, $1. Wm. P. Mason to W. G. Aiken, lots 3, 4, 5, 6, blk 3. South add, Johnson, $200. Jos. A. Wlllkomm to Jno Will komm. lots 17, 18, blk 30, Maiden, $10. Henry Heimer et ux. to Wilmer, Dwyer Heimer Co., lots 1, 2, 3, blk 5, Thornton, lot 9, blk 5, Thornton, except, $1. Ileal Mortgages Julia Thompson to Tekoa State Bank, nh neq 28-20-45, $3500. J. Harvey Vannice et ux. to North western Mutual Life Insurance Co.. pt nwq, pt eh 20-18-45, $6000. Earney Goude et ux. to Farmers State bank of Colfax, pt uwq esq 23 --16-43, $325. Chattel Mortgages G. G. Troupe to Simon Wiedrlch, \ live stock, $75. John Slmpkins to C. E. Frederick Co., live stock, machinery, imple ments, 2-3 crop on sh swq 30, nh nwq 31-16-46, $700. Rel east's Wm. E. Wilson to Win. P. Mason, real mtg. J. J. Callahan to J. 11. Vannice et ux, real mtg. National Bank of Palouse to W. R. Fulton, chat. First State Bank of LaCrosse to L. Fields, chat. Bill* of Halo A. B. Elliot to John W. Barg<_r. automobile, $700. Assignments Real Estate Trust Co, to Central Life Assurance Society, real mtg. Fidelity State Bank of Uniontown to Farmers State Bank of Union town, real mtg. Jennie Borgerson to Siver Erick son, power of attorney. WEDNESDAY, JAN. 29, 1913 Deeds John L. Richards to Lizzie Mun son, eh seq 1-16-43. sh swq 6-16-4 4, tl. * H. I. Willis et ux. to Samuel A. Ellis, sh lot 1, blk 8, Colfax, $1. Richard B. Grant to Samuel P. Weaver, nh neq, seq ne<|. neq nwq 30-20-41, swq seq, eh Beg, seq swq 19-20-41, $11,520. Milwaukee Land Co. to J. C. Breckenrldge, lots 1, 2, blk 5, Mai den, $250. John T. Wicker to Emma S. Wick er, lots 9, 10, blk 8, Huffman's 2nd add, Tekoa, $1. Laurence McAlister and wife to State of Washington, tract in Pull man, $400. Real Mortgages Geo. W. McDougali et ux. to Elea nor Truax Harris, wh seq. eh swq, 6-16-39, $2000. Chattel Mortgages H. A. Malsed to Emma Finch, live stock, $100. Elmer Hoist to H. E. Hill, live stock, $152. Chas. Ward to W. G. Wenuover, live stock, $40. Releases M. W. Whitlow to Wm. If. Porter, five chats. Ira N. Nye to Wm. Porter, chat. M. C. Gray to Wm. Porter, chat. Assignments Wm. Erickson et ux. to S. D. Lom masson, contract. Dan'l A. Robinson to Thoa. P. Campbell, real mtg. Bills of Sale Butler Supply Co. to A. E. Stew art, complete stock of nidse. ac counts, etc., $1. Richard B. Grant to Sam'l P. Weaver, his Interest in telephone line, etc., $5. Miscellaneous Standard Lbr. Co. vs. W. B. Young et al. ah lot 5. lot 6, blk 5, Tekoa lien, $2812. THURSDAY, JAN. 30, 1913 Deeds Fidelity State Bank, Uniontown, to Farmers State Bank, Unlontown, lot 10, blk 1, Unlontown, $6846. Bridget Codd et al. to Codd Invest ment Co., lot 9, blk 15, Colfax, eh nwq, wh nwq, except, 19-17-45, and other lands. $1. Ernest Becker et ux. to Jacob Wle ber, tract in Colton, $25. Sibby E. McCroskey to Hattie M. McCroskey, lot 4, blk 13, Garfield, $1. Wm. Wallace Reid et ux. to Geo. E. Swannack, sh nwq, neq swq 17 --20-39, $744. Real Mortgage* Hattie M. McCroskey to Equitable Savings and Loan Assn.. lot 4, blk 13, Garfield. $500. Jas. Wilford Riggs et ux. to West ern Loan and Savings Co., lots 1, 2 blk 2, Proff add, Rosalia, $600. i Willis B. Harris et ox. to First, Savings and Trust Bank of Whitman county, swq 7-45, except, $'000. ("hut Mortgages ? Oscar Schuman et ux. to First State Bank, Garfield, live stock, crop on swq, eh nwq, 31-18-45, j $1000. Tom Baron to Garfield Hdwe. an.l | Merc. Co., machinery, etc., $210. i Releasee Holt Mfg. Co. to L. J. Swannack j el al., chat. Assignment!! Bridget Codd et •'. to Cod! Invest ment Co., real Hie! chat mtg Fidelity State hank, Unlontown. to I F-irmcrs State bank, Uniontown, „.grecihetit of salo. I Bills of Sale j Bridget Codd »t al. to Codd Invest ment Co., personal property, $1. Geo. Poopplng et al. to F. P. Sch walbe, stock of liquors, etc., $2004. C. E. Cleveland to J. B. Gordon barber chairs and mirrors. FRIDAY, JAN. 31, 19 in Got, Patents and Receipts United States to Lewis H. Ku.k uck, wh neq, eh nwq 26-14-38, pat ent. Deeds Chas. M Speck et ux. to _. E. Phelps, lot 13, blk 11. Elberton, $1400. c David Campbell et ux. to Citizens State bank. Tekoa. lot 4, blk 3, Cof fin's add, Tekoa, $2000. Wm. O. McKinney et ux to Isaac Neace, pt 25-17-42, $22,250. Chattel Mortgages Jesse Elliott et ux. to R. If. Sells, live stock, 2-3 crop 450 acres, $2550. Mrs. L. D. Kearney to First State bank, Garfield, live stock, imple ments, $710. Wm. Shrader to D. B. Freeman, live' stock, $120. S. S. Russell to Holt Mfg. Co., ma chinery, $1500. Chas. Culton et ux. to J. It. Grady, live stock, crop on pt 5-16-45, $1300. W.'b. Weatherford et ux. to R. B. Sells, live stock, $500. Bills of Sale 11. J. Houser to Win. Adams Jr., Bungalow theater business, etc., $2500. Win. Adams Jr., to Jos. Lever, Bungalow theater business, etc., $1860. SATURDAY, FEB. 1. 1913 Deeds Susan J. Ledbetter to School Dist. No. 162, pt neq 7-20-43, $1. Claire Johnson to Alfred P. John son, pt lot 7, blk 6, Garfield, $1. Ira G. Finch et al. to E. D. Finch, lot .'.. pt lot 4, blk 7. Guy, $600. Ira 0. Finch et al. to E. I). Finch, pt neq 22, pt nwq 2-15-4 4, $600. August Seiler and wife. to ("has. Weber et al., swq 27, nwq 34, nh I -15-44, pt neq 4-15-44, lease. Real Mortgages Edw. A. Stone and wife to T. T. Kilo, eh neq 18-19-43, $1020. Lewis 11. Kuckuck to First Savings and Trust Bank, swq. eh nwq, wli neq, 26-14-38, $3500. Lewis H. Kuckuck to Colfax Na tional bank. swq. eh nwq, wh neq 26 --14-38, $500. Chattel Mortgages Bell Taylor to Farmers State bank. Colfax, live stock, $3 Release** A. A. Ogle to Edw. A. Stone and wife, real mtg. First State, bank of Garfield to T. \ H. McGowan, chat. Bills of Sale A. L. Smith to John Chisholra, road machinery, etc., $1000. • August Seller to Chas. Weber et al., horses, implements, etc., $5750. Conditional Bills of Sale McKlnley Piano Co. to W. C. Hals ton, piano, $315. Assignments First Savings and Trust Bank to ! Grand Lodge of Washington, A. O. U. W., two real mtgs. . _ PBIG GAME HUNTERS' FIRST Choice _- Big enough for the biggest wine of North merica. EVENS Hi? t sri 2 peati,,B list Price . . $20.00 .25-40-30-42 and 45 calibers J Use Rem. Auto-Loading Cartridge* if SURFriR. HOBAIXS NO JAMS JJ*_ Our-HighPower-^TV "*"*3l_ Rities also fur- IX* >^v OH nished in fancy Tj >v J grades. Aak your Dealer. 1 \Asm* Send lor band-<ime, new I fc^ T Ride (atj.ii.tf _f_W_ \ I. STEVENS ARMS MB, ]£ & TOOL COMPANY, AxQaMs P. O. Box 5004 _f_m_^_(^^ CHICOPEE FALLS. §A___X__\\ MASSACHUSETTS ( Jt^_Tj_ EXPERIMENTS WITH FIELD PEAS AND SOY* BEANS By Paul J. White, Agronomist During the past four years co-operative experiments with field peas have been conducted at the Experiment Station at Pullman. The first three years the work was done by Mr. M. W. Evans of the Bureau of Plant Industry, United States De partment of Agriculture. In 1912 these, investigations were a part of the experiments of the Division of Crop Production of this Experiment Station in co-operation with the Bureau of plant Industry, United States Department of Agriculture. During these years a large number of field peas have been under trial. Standard varieties of field peas as well as new introductions are included in the list of those tried. Two bulletins have thus far been published from the Ex periment Station jiving progress of these trials. Bulletin Mo. 99 gives a brief discussion of field peas in general and a de scription of the leading varieties. There are three varieties commonly known as Canada field peas, viz., Golden Vine, Prussian Blue and Mackay. Golden Vine and Prussian Blue are medium late varieties, These two have produced good yields of both forage and seed at Pullman. Mackay is a late variety which has yielded well of both forage and seed at this Station in favorable seasons. Two other varieties have been introduced from India, viz.. Bangalia and Amraoti. The first is an early, small-seeded variety, which has produced a good yield of seed every year during the rial. The amount of for age is less than that of the later varieties. Amraoti is sligtly later in maturing. The yield of seed is good and the amount of forage somewhat greater than that of Bangalia. A third variety, Kaiser, was introduced from Germany in 1905. This is a medium late variety with large seeds. The yield of forage has been greater than that of the two varieties from India, but the yield of seed has been less. Popular Bulletin No. 36 summarizes the experience with field pea culture at Pullman from 1897 to 1909 inclusive. Suc cessful crops of this legume have been grown yearly sine.' that date; The largest yield of seed on any considerable area was ■12.5 bushels per acre, produced in 1909. The largest yield of hay recorded is 4.2 tons per acre. Not only have field peas been successfully grown at Pullman, but they have also been grown with good success in other parts of the slate, It is prob able that they will become a valuable forage crop in sections where the rainfall is fifteen to twenty inches or more. Field peas are used for hay, for soiling purposes, for pasture or "hogging off" and for grain. When the seed is used it is gen erally ground and mixed with ground barley, oats, or other grain. The seed is too high in protein to be used alone, either with safety or economy. Variety Tests in 1912 From the large number of varieties which have been under test at Pullman there are three which appear to surpass all others in seed production. These have been mentioned above, viz., Bangalia, Amraoti, and Kaiser. During successive years of trial these have not failed to give satisfaction. Not until the season of 1912 was there .sufficient seed of these varieties in this country to make it possible to test them on fairly large areas. in the spring of 1912 all the seed available of these three varieties was planted. The total acreage sown was about fourteen acres, fairly well distributed among the three varieties. The land was fall plowed. It was disked in early spring and afterward harrowed. The seed was drilled deeply m April. About two bushels of seed per acre were sown. The season was favorable for the growth of peas. On account of much unseasonable rainy weather in August difficulty was experienced in harvesting the crop. A mowing machine with pea harvester attachment was used. They were threshed with a grain thresher. To avoid breaking the peas the concaves were removed from the machine. About twelve per cent of the peas were broken in threshing. These are fully as good for feeding purposes as the whole seeds. Table I. shows the yield per acre of threshed peas. It is estimated that fully five bushels of peas per acre were lost from shattering. As it rained several times while they were curing they had to be rrequwently turned in order to prevent moulding. Variety Test of Field Peas, 1912 Variety Yield of Threshed Peas per Acre Bangalia 49 bushels Amraoti 44 bushels Kaiser 41 bushels In a field adjoining the field in which these varieties were grown seventy-eight other varieties were also grown in dupli cate square rod plots. The yield of these varieties was exceed ingly variable. The production of seed ranged from 4.2 to 34.4 pounds, according to variety, or at the rate of 5.4 bushels pet acre for the poorest yielder to 45.8 bushels per acre for the best. The best variety did not yield as well as the Bangalia. ■is show in Table I. It is probable, however, that two or three of these better varieties could profitably be given further trial. Rate of Seeding Tests for Seed Production and Forage It has been frequently stated that the rate of seeding field peas has an important effect upon the resulting crop of seed or forage. In order to test this factor, experiments were con ducted iv 1911, using seed at the rate of two to eleven pecks per acre for forage purposes. Ten plots in all were sown April 19. Table 11. gives the results of this test. The yields of all plots were very low, the highest being less than one ton of cured hay per acre* By referring to Table V. it may be seen that when peas are sown alone for hay the yield is likely to be much less than if peas and oats are both sown. It would not be safe to draw conclusions from this test, but it will be noticed that when an excessively large amount of seed per acre was used the yield was less than when a moderate amount was sown. ; - •The per cent of dry matter was found for each plot and the yield of hay computed on a ten per cent moisture basis. This is also true of Tables IV. and V. Rate of Seeding Peas for Forage Weight per Plot of Tons per Acre Pecks per Acre Green Peas Cored Hay .??? • 2 '*• 117 .........v..;.... .43 - TABLE I. TABLE 11. 3 162 83 4 95 46 4.5 93 45 5 * 109 ..., 54 6 119 67 7 117 59 8 107 46 9 .....141 30 10 119 39 ln 1912 a test was made in order to determine the best rate of seeding for seed production. Five plots of one rod square were sown in duplicate. Seed was sown at the rate of two to six bushels per acre. The result is shown in Table 111. There is not a great difference in the yield of these plots, except iv the one where six bushels per acre of seed were used. Aside from producing the lowest yield, the peas from this plot were much smaller. Many pods contained only one or two peas. It is believed that from two to two and one-half bushels of seed per acre arc sufficient. In those sections of the state where there is less rain than at Pullman less seed should be used. TABLE 111. Rate of Seeding as Affecting Yield of Seed Plot Bushels of Seed per Acre Yield per Acre 1 2 33.3 bushels - 3 35.6 bushels a 4 35.0 bushels 4 5 31.3 bushels 5 6 28.0 bushels Date of Seeding Peas for Forage Peas, like oats, are a crop which is able to make a good growth during the cooler part of the season. Failure is often caused by planting the seed too late. For best results the laud must be fall plowed and worked into a good tilth early iv the spring. The date of seeding will depend upon the season. At Pullman the laud is fitted and the seed sown as early as pos sible. In ordinary seasons this can be done m April. Table IV. gives the results of different dates of seeding for the sea sou of 1911. This was a backward spriug. Very little spriug work was done until the last of April, lv this table it will be •seen that the best results were secured from the "seeding done May 13. Plots which were plauted later produced only about bine-half as much hay per acre as those plauted May Ist aud May 13th. All plots in this experiment were seeded at the rate of two bushels per acre. \ TABLE IV. Rate of Seeding Field Peas lor Forage Date Height Date Tous of Plot Seeded of Plants Harvested Hay per Acre 1 April 24 38 inches July 18 3.0 - May 1 40 inches July 20 4,0 3 May 13 38 inches July 22 5.3 4 -May 22 28 inches July 27 Lost 5 May 29 .... F, .28 inches Aug. 8 2.3 6 Juue 6 28 inches Aug. 10 .2.8 Mixing Peas and Oats for Forage When peas are to be used for soiling purposes or for hay, better results arc secured if oats are sown -with the peas. There will be secured a better yield of green peas or hay than if the peas are sown alone. As peas alone are inclined to fall down when they begin to mature, the oats will help to keep them erect until they can be cut. Consequently the crop is more easily harvested. In case peas and oats are sown together the peas are sown in advance of the oats by a week or ten days. They are sown deeply, while the oats are sown more shallow, in order to avoid breaking the sprouts of the peas. If sown at the same time the oats come up first and choke the peas. In 1911 peas and oats were sown together and the result ing crop cured for hay. Seeding was done April 19. There were eight plots in the field. In seeding plots numbered Ito 4 the variety known as Amraoti was used. The variety Ban galia was used in plots 5 to 8. It will be noticed that the results in the last four plots are comewhat more satisfactory than in the first four. "Bangalia peas have thus far produced heavier yields of seeds than any other peas tried at Pullman, although the vines are not so large as those of Amraoti. TABLE V? Different Mixtures of Peas and Oats for Hay Proportion Tons of of Oats to Date Height Hay Peas Harvested of Peas per Acre (Amraoti) 6 pecks oats July 22 40 inches 2.7 4 pecks peas 3 pecks oats July 26 40 inches .2.9 4 pecks peas 3 pecks oats July 26 42 inches 3.2 -' 6 pecks peas 8 pecks peas alone July 18 43 inches 1.3 (Bangalia) 6 pecks oats July 25 40 inches 2.7 4 pecks peas 3 pecks oats July 26 ...... 40 inches 3.8 4 pecks peas 3 pecks oats July 26 40 inches 3.6 6 pecks peas 8 pecks peas alone July 17 42 inches 2.7 The above results would indicate that about three pecks of oats and from four to six pecks of peas will give best results. In case of both varieties this mixture was far better than eight pecks of peas sown alone. In .Table V. it appears that more hay was secured with three pecks of oats and six pecks of Amraoti peas, while a larger yield of hay was procured from three pecks of oats and four pecks of Bangalia peas. This may indicate that six pecks o£ the variety Bangalia are too many peas. The seeds of this variety are small. Fifty pounds contain as many seeds as sixty pounds of Amraoti.