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"FARMERS WEEK" GOMES TO CLOSE Great Success of First Annual Farm- I ers' and Housekeepers' Week f Assures Continuation of Event Farmers Well , Pleased About 250 farmers, farmers' wives, and others Interested in bet ter farming, fruit raising, dairying, livestock and home economics, took advantage of the first annual "Farm ers' Week held at Washington State College last week, and every one of that number returned home last Sun day more than pleased with the re sults accomplished during the week. While "Farmers' Week" was an in novation at Washington State Col lege, the success of the session ex ceeded the most sanguine expecta tions of the promoters of the better farming plan and assured the con vantage of the session this year to year. Every person who took ad vantage of the programs this year returned to his home a more loyal booster for W. S. C. and a firm be liever in the great good that is being done at the college for the farmers of the state. "Alfalfa" Alfalfa, how to grow it and its value to the fruit grower, stockman end grain grower, occupied the at tention of the visitors to "Farmers' Week" Tuesday morning. Professor George Severance, head of the department of agriculture, led the discussion with a talk on "How to Grow Alfalfa" and in the course of his remarks gave what he called the "Ten Great Alfalfa Command ments." Included in these were fall plowing, spring harrowing before seeding with drill in May, a firm seed bed, four to six pounds of seed ot good vitality per acre, and the elimination of clipping or close pas turing except to get rid of weeds. Spring cultivation urged As an eleventh commandment, which he considered the most im portant of all, Professor Severance cited annual spring cultivation with such a tool as the alfalfa renovator or spring tooth harrow. "Tho only difference in treatment of alfalfa in the dry country and the irrigated districts," said he, "is that in the dry country alfalfa should be drilled ir. rows instead of being Bowed broadcast." "Alfalfa in the orchard" was earnestly advocated by Professor Thornber of the Lewiston Orchards company. "Alfalfa breaks up the subsoil better than dynamite," said Mr. Thornber, "and it reduces the cost of producing fruit, which is one solution of the question of the future of the fruit business in the North west." Alfalfa Economic "Alfalfa on the stock farm is not economic beyond one-half of the daily ration," said C. L. Smith of Spokane, in his talk on that subject, "but up to one-half of the ration it Is worth more than wheat or bran." Mr. Smith answered a number of questions put to him by interested stock raisers regarding the relative value of alfalfa and other feeds, and its mission as a balance for other feeds. Tuesday afternoon E. H. Shepherd « Hood River, Ore., editor of Better ult- read an instructive paper con cerning the dangers of extreme spe cialization, following which the meeting was divided into two sec "ons, one for the dairymen, stock en and grain growers and the other wjf the fruit raisers. Starts Lively Discussion *th One °f the liveliest discussions of | we meetings followed the talk on I com growing by Professor E. G. Jer, college agronomist. The I'scussion concerned the question of -»S 8 grown versus imported seed, "'th the large majority of the farm ; erai favoring the acclimated seed. .., B. Nystrom discussed the rel ive merits of silage and roots for BE! alry and told of conditions *n>ch justified one or the other. He "ought out the Importance of the feculent material in either form in th 'Plng the cow to digest more of -■«• dry food. The good and bad ESS*! of different kinds of silos BS__it discussed by Professor I. D. aarlton, who, also gave points on The Pullman Herald Devoted to the beat interests of Pullman and the best farming community in the Northwest surrounding it. i the construction of silos. He said the concrete silo was the most dur able and best and the stave silo the cheapest worth using. In the horticultural section A. G. Craig of Deer Park advocated the use of an intercropping system in orchards. F. W. Allen spoke on the growing of potatoes and W. S. Thornber discussed berries as an In tercrop. Women's Program Pleases One of the most popular sections of Farmers' Week Is the women's section, and this section is visited daily by many farmers' wives and others interested in better and more economical housekeeping. Each af ternoon talks and demonstrations were given by members of the home economics faculty of the college. The exhibit of dietetics, which started Tuesday and continued all through the week, attracted unusual atten tion, and several of the men who visited the women's section, probab ly through curiosity, remained to listen to the explanation of the ex hibit by Miss' Elizabeth Matthews, and displayed as much interest as the women themselves. The exhibit, which is in VanDoren hall, and will remain in place all through the week, Is primarily along the lines of nutrition and consists of three dietaries of 80 cents, $1 and $1.50 meals for a family of five per sons. Charts show the food value, cost and measure of the different classes of food. Too Many Ideas From Central States "We have been in the habit of getting too many farming ideas from Minnesota, Wisconsin and other cen tral states and transplanting them to the Palouse country, where, condi tions are entirely different," said J. A. Toimey, director of the extension department, before the general ses sion Wednesday. "The place to go for ideas concerning dry farming which are adaptable to this section is Utah and other states where dry farming is practiced," continued Pro fessor Tormey. (Continued on page four) PIPES DECLINES; . STRAIGHT CHOSEN New Cashier of the First National Bank Will Arrive Tomorrow From Montana A. W. Pipes, who recently pur chased a block of stock in the First National bank of Pullman and was elected to the position of cashier of that institution, has changed his mind and decided to' locate in Cali fornia. At the time the deal was made he was on his way to Califor nia and desired to defer action un til his return, but finally bought the stock and accepted the position of cashier. Ho then went on to the Golden State, expecting to assume his duties in Pullman about the firs* of February. He has been, however, so favorably impressed with the Im perial Valley district of California, that he has decided to remain there. The stock of the bank which he purchased has been sold to W. O. Straight, assistant cashier of the First National bank of Lewistown, Mont., to whom the directors have tendered the position of cashier. He has accepted and will arrive in Pull man tomorrow. Mr. Straight has had 12 years experience in the bank ing business in the middle west and Montana and was very highly recom mended by the bank examiner of Montana and other financiers of re cognized reputation and ability. He is a man of middle age, has a family and will doubtless prove a valuable acquisition to the business and social circles of this city. . PIG GROWING CONTEST Entries for the pig growing con test, which will be made a feature of the Pullman Hog Show this year, close on March 1, and thus far but a half dozen boys have signified their intention of competing. The contest is open to any boy 18 years of age or under living in the vicin ity of Pullman and prizes of $15, $10 and $5 will be awarded. Full Infor mation can be secured from A. F. Brownell regarding the rules and conditions of the contest. Mrs. A. P. Johnson of Garfield has been visiting her sister, Mrs. Ira D. Cardiff, this week. ... PULLMAN. WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 20. 1914 UN STREET DISTRICT WILL BE PAVED DESPITE PROTESTS City Council Overrides Protests and Votes to Improve Streets in Business Section at Estimated Cost of $35,000 With property owners represent ing over 50 per cent of the property affected by the proposed improve ment by paving of the principal streets in the business district re monstrating, and a vote of five of the council necessary to carry the motion to proceed with the improve ment over the remonstrance, there were exciting times in the council chamber Wednesday evening when the matter came up for final consid eration on adjournment from the night before. After the proposed im provement had been discussed at I considerable length, Councilman J. M. Palmerton moved to proceed with the improvement in spite of the pro tests. The motion was properly sec ended and when City Clerk Gannon started to call the roll one could have heard a pin drop in the council chambers. In order to pass the mo tion not more than two of the seven councilmen could vote no, and it was an even bet whether or not the mo tion would carry. The vote showed Councilmen Pal merton, Sanger, Kruegel, Watt and Scott favoring the motion, while Councilmen Nye and Wagner voiced their disapproval, and the motion to improve the streets had carried with out a vote to spare, despite the strenuous protests of the property owners, nearly one-half of whom are non-residents. The intention of the city council to improve the district was declared in Resolution No. 260, and Tuesday evening was set as the time for hear ing remonstrances. The streets and parts of streets included in the reso lution are as follows: Beginning at the intersection of Main and Spring streets, the____west erly along Main street to the westerly property line of Grand street; begin ning at the northerly property line of Paradise street, thence northerly along Alder street to the south end of the bridge crossing the Palouse river; beginning at the intersection of Olsen and Alder streets, thence westerly along Olsen street to its Intersection with Grand street; be ginning at the south property line of Center street, thence northerly along Grand street to the south end of the bridge crossing the Palouse river. According to the estimate of City Engineer Edwards, the total cost of the improvement will approximate $35,000. The district will be divided into two divisions, the first division including the frontage from the west property line of Spring street, thence west along Main street to the east property line of Grand street; from the north property line of Para dise street, north along Alder street to the bridge crossing the Palouse river; from the intersection of Alder and Olson streets along Olson to its intersection with Grand street, and from the south property line of Mc- Kenzie north along Grand street to the 0.-W. R. &N. tracks. The great er part of this division is already ma 532 Registered for Special Bond Election Question of Issuing Bonds Not Ex ceeding $20,000 for Improve ments to Water System Will Re Settled Next Tuesday Five Hundred and thirty-two voters quai.fled by registration for the special water bond election to be held next Tuesday. The registration books closed Friday evening, arid o»er 200 of the electors put their names on the books the last day. In Ward 1 a total of 119 electors reg istered, while 127 qualified in Ward 1. 172 in Ward 3, and 1.4 in Ward 4. The election boards for the various Aards will be as follows: Ward I—R.1 —R. Lanning, inspector; * H. Mcivenzie and Carrie a. Hunt, judges. Ward 2—W. H. We*ham, in- cadamized, and it is planned to lay a wearing surface over this macadam, at a cost estimated by City Engineer Edwards of $1.20 per square yard. Tho 16,561 square yards thus Im proved would total $19,873.20, while iv the same division approximately 2500 square yards will be improved, which is not now macadamized, and the estimated cost for this is $1.85 per square yard, or $4625 dollars. Excavation in this division is esti mated at $-4158, making a grand total cost for the entire division of $28,656.20. The second division, which will be improved with macadam pavement at an estimated cost of $1.20 per square yard, includes Grand street from the south property line of Mc- Kenzie street to Center street. In this division 4407 square yards of macadam pavement will be laid, at a cost, exclusive of excavation, of $5288.40. Excavation is figured at approximately $1000, making a total estimated cost in this division of ap proximately $6300. Engineer Edwards has added 15 per cent to his estimates in each case for engineering and incidentals, and a wearing surface costing $1.65 per square yard in the first division in stead of $1.20 per square yard sur face estimated by the engineer, would add approximately 26»_ per cent to the estimated cost, although Mr. Edwards vontends that the sur face can be laid at $1.20. The entire district includes ap proximately 8000 feet of frontage, and the remonstrating property own ers represented over 4 000 feet of this frontage. At Tuesday evening's meeting of the council, when the proposed ini piovement came up for final action, Councilman J. M. Palmerton asserted that the estimate of $1.20 per square yard for the wearing surface on the present macadam, made by City En gineer Edwards, was too low and would keep several paving companies from bidding on the improvement. To prove his figures, Engineer Ed wards offered to put the matter in the hands of an expert engineer, who would estimate on the Improvement i.nd submit his estimate to the coun c Mr. Edwards stated that in case the figures of the expert were over 15 per cent higher than his own he would pay all the expenses of the new estimate, while if they did not vary 15 per cent the council should pay them. In his estimate Engineer Edwards stated that the cost of the improvement might vary 15 per cent from his figures, and the contention of Councilman Palmerton that he was considerably under-estimating the cost provoked a lively debate in the council chambers, with Engineer Edwards and Mayor Shaw on one side and Councilman Palmerton and Attorney F. D. Allen for the Warren Construction company arguing for the increased estimate. The council did not adopt the suggestion, how ever, and the estimate of the city en gineer will stand. spector; Cora Miller and Minnie Mc- Carthy, judges. Waru 3 (Precinct 64) —G. W. Reed, inspector; Mac Edgeeomb and Anna Llbby, judges. Ward 3 (Precinct 72)—Georgiana I. Evans, inspector; F. A. Hazen and S. V. Hunt, judges. Polling places for the different wards will be as follows: Ward I—City hall. Ward 2—George Llbby's tin shop. Ward 3 —Precinct 64, Christian church; Precinct 72, old Midway building. Wm. Jenkins, a farmer of Drum mond, Mont., was in Pullman this week with a view of locating if he could find a farm to suit him. He has seven children whom he would like to have enjoy the educational advantages offered by this city. HEATH OF MARY E. LYLE Mrs. Mary E. Lyle, for 23 years a resident of Pullman, passed away at her homo on Methodist hill Sunday afternoon, death being caused by paralysis, from which she had suf fered for several years. Deceased was 57 years, four months and seven days old, and leaves two sous and two daughters. Her husband, W. J. Lyle, a pioneer drayman of Pullman, uicd February 24 of last year. Fun eral services were held at the home ot deceased Tuesday afternoon and interment was in the i. O. O. F. cemetery. The service was conduct ed by the Rev. Harley Jackson of the Christian church. HATTON STUDENT DIES HERE Roy Hughes, a student in the ele mentary department of Washington State College, died at the students' hospital early Monday morning from acute dilation and perforation of the stomach. Young Hughes had been ill for three days, but his condition was not considered serious until Sat urday evening, when he took a sud den turn for the worse. His body was shipped to Hatton, Wash., where his mother, Mrs. Ida Hughes, re sides, Monday morning, and was ac companied by W. W.| Yeisley, an uncle of deceased. Hughes was IS years of age and was considered above the average in his studies. He had many friends among the ele mentary students, who accompanied the body to the train. TAKES HEOCK OF Charles S. Hill, until recently em ployed by 13. F. Campbell, and an experienced machinery man, has ac cepted a position with the Aultman- Taylor Machinery company and will travel for the company in the Camas Prairie district. He will leave Pull man tomorrow to enter upon his new duties, but his family will re main here. Mr. Hill is a first class salesman and will no doubt dispose of-a large number of machines for the Aultman-Taylor company. COUNTY POMONA GRANGE MEETS Grangers From All Parts of County Meet at EwartsvilleOfficers Elected and Installed Whitman County Pomona Grange No. 2 met last Friday at Ewartsville Grange hall, about eight miles south west of Pullman. Many delegates were present from all parts of the county and two interesting sessions were held. The following officers for the year 1914 were elected and duly installed by J. M. Klemgard, master of Ewartsville Grange No. 114: Master, F. A. Hodges of Ewartsville; over seer, W. T. Clark of Whelan; lectur er, Mrs. J. C. Farr of Albion; stew ard, C. H. Oderlln of Palouse; assist ant steward, W. C. Kamerrer of Ewartsville; chaplain, Mrs. Augusta M. Kegley of Palouse; treasurer, G. E. Pyburn of Wilcox; gate keeper, Louis Kegley of Palouse; secretary, James Emmert of Star; Ceres, Ethel Largent of Whelan; Pomona, Mrs. George O'Donnell of Whelan; Flora, Myrtle Story of Ewartsville; lady as sistant steward, Madge Nell of Ewartsville; chorister, Belle Higgins of Ewartsville; trustee, R. C. Mc- Croskey of Garfield. The lecture hour was taken up with a short farce entitled "Not a Man in the House," given by Mrs. A. M. Turk, Mrs. C. A. Haverland, Mrs. J. M. Klemgard, Mrs. F. A. Hodges, and Mrs. W. B. Rush, under the direction of J. T. La Follette. There was also a piano solo by Miss Belle Higgins, a reading by Lester Brown, a recitation by Mildred Turk and two readings by J. T. La Follette. Eighteen candidates were initiated in the Pomona degree. By an unanimous vote a resolution was paused declaring against the hiring of a county agricultural agent. The next meeting of the Pomona will be held with Palouse Grange No. 77, on May 8. The directors of the First National bank of Pullman have formally voted to affiliate with the reserve bank to be created In this district under the provisions of the new currency law. NUMBER 21 HEAVY LOSS CAUSED BY MIDNIGHT BLAZE Emerson Mercantile Company Suf fers $25,000 Damage Ove rheated Electric Flatiron the Cause Fire was discovered in the rear of tho Emerson Mercantile com pany's building shortly after mid night Wednesday morning, and be fore the flames were brought under control by the fire department dam age estimated at $25,000 had been done by the flames, smoke and water. The cause of the fire was an overheated electric flatiron in the dressmaking parldrs, upstairs, in the rear of the building. Great damage was done by the fire in the ladies' coat and suit department, while the water was responsible for a heavy loss in the grocery depart ment and the grocery store room, directly underneath the ladles' de partment, and the smoke and water caused considerable loss in the gents furnishings and general departments in the front of the store. A large crowd gathered In re sponse to the insistent clanging of the fire gong and many citizens as sisted the fire department in quell ing the flames, which had gained considerable headway when discov ered. While it is impossible yet to arrive at a definite conclusion as to the total loss, it is estimated at about 5,000. The heaviest loss was in the ladles ready-to-wear department, where a large new spring stock of women's apparel was completely ruined, this loss alone being estimat ed at $10,000. The Emerson company carried in surance in 12 different companies, aggregating $61,000 on the stock and $4000 on the fixtures, and the building was fully insured. Yester day noon Henry Hall, an insurance r.djustor from Spokane, representing the companies in which the stock and fixtures were insured, arrived in Pullman, and he, together with Luther M. Flagg, also of Spokane, representing the Emerson., company, will adjust the loss. It is probable that the work will have progressed tar enough tonight to allow of the opening of the front part of the store Saturday morning, although It may be several days before the grocery and ladies' departments can be re opened. Adjustor Henry Hall, who has had years of experience with fire losses, paid the fire department a pretty compliment, stating that the fire had been handled as well as any he had seen, and that the Emerson com pany was fortunate ln not sustain ing a greater loss. This opinion is shared by the many citizens who wit nessed the work of the fire boys, who handled the flames like veterans at the game. ■ Mia- i... —a.——i—i. _!■■< WILL ADVERTISE COUNTY A comprehensive campaign to ad vertise the resources and advantages of Whitman county during the next two years is planned by the county commercial clubs, and the question of the best methods to pursue In ad vertising this section will be made a special order of business for the meeting of the Federated Commer cial Clubs in March. The local Chamber of Commerce has communicated with every other commercial body in the county ask ing that delegates be sent to the meeting of the Federated Commer cial Clubs charged with information concerning the desires of that par ticular organization In the matter of advertising, and definite plans will probably be worked out. A large number of easterners and immigrants will visit the West during the Panama-Pacific exposition In 1915 and the desire of the Commercial Clubs is to acquaint these people with conditions in Whitman county in the best way possible. ADELBERT CROW MARRIED Adelbert Crow, son of Mr. and Mrs. L. C. Crow of this city, and Miss Bernice Hughes, a former student at the college, were married last Sun day at the home of the bride's mother, Mrs. Ida Hughes, in Hatton. The young couple will reside in Pull man.